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. . - i V L O ' ! C ft ; ;Â·' T er i' , ; Â·: ' NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A ASSOCIATED PRESS JLiCASED WIRE SEKV1CB MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1936 SEUT10N ONE NO. 168 Plan Income Tax Boosts Treasury Has Draft All Ready for Use After Election. By CHARLES F. STEWART 4 . S H I N G T O N , (C.P.A.) -- The treasury department's office of research and statistics has on hand the draft of a plan to "broaden the income tax base," as fiscal experts express it. It is not a bill, ready to be intro- duce'd in congress. It is, however, the raw material for one. I happen to have seen it. It will not get out of the treasury department's statistical office ahead of election day. That is a certainty. Neyerthe- fess, it hints at what the f tistica folk have simmering in the back of their heads, with a view to congressional session ^-election, if their side wins it. The tentative scheme is to reduce the unmarried man's income tax exemption to $500 and tte married man's exemption to $1,000- Heavy on Bachelor. That is to say, the bachelor will be taxed on everything he makes above $500; the benediction everything above Sl.OOO. A additional additions details are involved Scarcely anything is more comp - cated than income taxation) but that' *he nub of the program. I dtor this information as a bit nf news and I think, exclusive news Tatter than as a columnist a reflections. It seems to me it should be interesting to a sizable proportion of the citizenry There is no question that a tax on all families above the $1,000 TMark (not to mention the $oOO bach- eS would bring a lot of money into Uncle Sam's treasury Mostly Below $2,500. , ,, ;i treasury statistical wizard es- Slmated -to^e^b^appro^nately ST per cept .of Â·the.cpur are-:below $2,500; - Obviously, if all these small.fry are to be caught (from $500 or ffoOO) and ?2,500, the gross yield will be enormous. It will come in in mckels dimes, "simoleons," and an occasional "V" or "Sawbuck," but it will be a handsome total. Tt isn't a "soak the rich" concept. '" etically an income tax are best able to carry it. Doesn't Work Out. Unluckily it doesn't work out that Â«-Iy have related, ] naicf my F1 income tax in the same year that J. P. Morgan did not pay one--in this country Che did in Eng- Ia a'one respect, however, income taxation has undeniable merit. Of all levies, it is the most evident and offensive; those who are taxed know it, are resentful, and ask how their money is being spent--or Governmental authority consequently is afraid of it. Wait for Election. It is a last resource, but a desperately pressed government sees no hope except to resort to it. It will not resort to it until after elecion, however. I talked, the other day, with a very big- man In the meat packing industry. "Business," he said, "is prettj good, but how do we dare to ex pand, with the possibility of a wnol change in' the social system con. fronting us ? "Maybe change will benefit the future; but what about our stock holders now?" RESCUE CREWS STILL HOPEFUL Paroled CRIllSTRACED* TO HIM THROUGH PIECE OF STRING Fiorenza, 24, Arrested for Attack-Killing of Authoress. NEW YORK, (.T)--John Fiorenza, a paroled convict and upholsterer's helper, admitted the slaying of Mrs. Nancy Evans Titterton Tuesday after police had traced the crime to him by a piece of cord found under the author's body. Police Commissioner Lewis J. Valentine announced the solution of the case, on which 65 detectives had been working, a few hours after the i, year old Fiorenza was arrested. For 11 days, Valentine said, detectives had traced the manufacture and sale of the cord--the sole clew through factories in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Kentucky. Special Kind of Cord. They learned it was a special kind used by upholsterers, and finally discovered similar twine in the shop where Fiorenza worked. He had been under surveillance, Valentine explained, since he and three other men reported discovery of the body on April 10 in the Titterton apartment on Beekman Place. Valentine said Fiorenza admitted assaulting the 34 year old author and then strangling her, , . ' Valentine said the youth told: him that on- Thursday, April 9, : -thei'day before the slaying, he was sent ,to the Titterton apartment to receive instructions for repairing a divan. Bound Her Hands. At that time he saw Mrs. Titterton. The next morning, Valentine quoted him. he returned to the apartment alone, seized Mrs. Titterton, placed a gag in her mouth, and bound her hands. After she was dead, the story continued, he placed the body in the bathtub, and cut the twine from her bands. Fiorenza returned to work and came back with Theodore Kruger, of the upholstering firm to deliver the divan. They found the door in the fourth floor apartment ajar and called two building superintendents. The four men found the body face down in the tub. Fiorenza and the other three were among a dozen persons ques- Convict Confesses Titterton Slaying SAY FREEDOM OF PRESS ABRIDGED Charge Prime Topic Among Members of Newspaper Publishers Group. NEW YORK, (/T)--A charge that, freedom of the press was abridged in recent activities of two governmental agencies was a prime topic Tuesday among several hundred members of the American Newspaper Publishers association, open- jig its annual convention. The association, which will continue its sessions through Friday, planned to go into the subject thoroughly, but scheduled a study of special problems of the small city newspapers Tuesday. It was announced Monday night that the following were re-elected directors of the Associated Press. W. H. Cowles, the Spokane Spokesman-Review; E. L a n s i n g Ray, the St. Louis Globe Democrat; Robert R. McCormick, the Chicago Tribune; George B. Longan. the Kansas City Star; and L. K. Nicholson, the New Orleans Times Picayune. tioned immediately after police learned of the slaying. Constantly Watched. Valentine and Dist. Atty. William C. Dodge, who joined in announcing the solution of the crime, said Fiorenza had been under constant surveillance. Fiorenza has a record of four ar- ests, police said, and was sent" to Elmira reformatory for grand larceny on one complaint. In two other cases he was given suspended sentences, and one complaint was dismissed. All the previous arrests had been for burglary or grand larceny. Fiorenza, who is unmarried, has been on parole under the terms of his suspended sentences. Of Slim Build. . Of slim build, he is about five feet six and a half inches tall, weighs about 140 pounds and has black hair and brown eyes. Mrs. Bessie Caputo of Brooklyn, his mother, said he had attended school in Jersey City and that he recently has been out of work. Lewis H. Titterton, a National Broadcasting company executive, and husband of the slain woman, hag been in seclusion since the slaying. He aided police in their investigation. The police scientific laboratory played a large part in the inquiry, with Dr. Alexander Gettler and his assistants analyzing the twine and other articles in the apartment for fingerprints and other clews. Iowa Man Injured Fatally When Wind Blows Down Ladder OTTUMWA, (if)--Archie Walter Duffield, 78, of Bloomfield, died at a hospital here Tuesday morning of injuries suffered when high winds which swept this section late Monday afternoon blew down a ladder on which he was standing to fix an eaves trough. The accident occurred at the home of Duffield's son near Bloomfield, where the elder man First Step in Soil Conservation The, above has been a typical scene in Cerro Gordo and other North Iowa counties the past week as farmers have sown thousands of acres of land tn grass seed in conformity with the soil conservation program. H. E. RURg, farmer living southeast of Mason City, is shown in the picture sowing grass seed on 1935 corn land. (Lock Photo, Kaye- nay Engraving) 10,000Acres Out of Grain, Put in Grass At least 10,000 acres have been taken out of grain crops and put into grass in Cerro Gordo county this spring, according to the estimate of County Agent Marion E. Olson. A similar increase in grass is probable, over. North Iowa, indicating the effectiveness of the soil conservation program') it 'was.stated. The corn acreage in" Cerro Gordo county this year will be approximately the same as that in 1935, the number of acres going into grass approximating the acreage taken out of production by the AAA pro- t gram last year. | Have Sown Grnss. All over the countryside the past ;eck farmers have been sowing red clover, sweet clover, alfalfa and timothy. Grass seed has jumped in price. It is estimated that 75 per cent of the farmers of. this vicinity entered the soil conservation program this spring, with many more planning to come in next year. The result of this will be not only conservation of soil but better pastures and better appearing livestock, according to County Agent Olson. From 70 to 90 per cent of the pastures in this county, it is pointed out, have been overpastured these past years. Will Be Better Fed. "Cattle will be better fed," Mr. Olson added. "The use of more grass will bring about a balance that is essential in the production of livestock." To get the maximum of benefit under the soil conservation plan a farmer must seed at least 15 per cent of his soil depleting crops, such as corn and oats, into hay land. FEDERAL AGENT, Member of Irish O'Malley Gang Surrenders at Tourist Camp. KANSAS CITY, (/P)--Clarence Sparger, said by federal agents to be a member of the Walter (Irish) O'Malley gang, was shot three times and a federal agent was wounded-in. a gunfight at a tourist camp.five miles south of.here Tuesday. " ' - ' . John Langdon, companion of Sparger, surrendered after 15 federal officers and representatives of the state highway patrol surrounded the tourist cabin. Shot 3 Times. W. A. Smith, head of the depart ment of justice here, said Langdon was wanted tions. Sparger was for Dyer law viola- shot three times, lOWAniES BELOW FREEZING Cold Marches Into State on Heels of Warmest Day of This Year. DES MOINES, (.T)--Below freezing temperatures marched into Iowa Tuesday on the heels of the warmest day of the season. The weather bureau here forecast slightly colder weather for central and eastern Iowa Tuesday night. A shipper's forecast listed prospective lows ranging from 15 above in the northwest to 2S above in the southeast Tuesday night, and slightly higher in cities. Monday's warm sun shot the mercury up to a seasonal high of 88 at Clarinda, Kcokuk and Lamoni. Scattered showers soon started marks downward, however, and the state low during the night was 18 above at Inwood. Temperatures Tuesday averaged 10 to 20 degrees below normal. Rainfall ranged from a trace at some points up to .47 of an inch at Burlington, and was most general in the south central and southeast sections. Buried at Goldfield. EAGLE GROVE-- Charles Crowl. 72, retired farmer, Edwin died at . , Mercy hospital. Fort Dodge, Saturday. Burial was made Monday at Go'ldficW twice in the back and once in the leg. He was brought to St. Joseph's hospital here. Smith declined to disclose the name,of the federal agent who was wounded. Smith said Sparger was sought in connection with the robbery of the First National bank at Neosho, Mo., March 2, 1935. He is also wanted for the theft of an automobile at Sioux City, Iowa, Aug. 22, 1935. Wife With Them. Sparger's wife was in the tourist camp cabin with her husband and Langdon. O'Malley was arrested in Kansas City, May 27, 1935. Federal officers charged he was the leader of a gang of bank robbers in Missouri, Oklahoma and Arkansas. Subsequently O'Malley pleaded guilty to the kidnaping of August Luer, Alton, 111., banker. He is now serving a life term in an Illinois prison. HOUSE RECEIVES NEW ROOSEVELT PLAN FOR TAXES Program Is Designed to Raise From 700 to 800 Million. WASHINGTON, (/D--The Roosevelt tax program passed a milestone Tuesday. Revised to raise between 5700,000,000 and $800,000,000 by corporate income and other levies, it was introduced in the house by Chairman Dough ton (D., N. Car.) of the ways and means committee. Long hours of debate lay ahead. President Roosevelt arranged to accompany the body of his friend and aide, Louis McHenry Howe, to Fall River, Mass., for burial. Friends and relatives gathered for last rites in the east room of the white house. Investigations were pressed in two quarters. A special house committee, resuming hearings on the Townscnd plan to pay $200-a-month pensions to all past 60, called Robert E. Doane, New York economist, to testify. A. T. and T. Accused. Counsel for the communications commission sought to show approximately $13,000,000 of "license contract" fees paid to the American Telephone and Telegraph company by [ operating .companies last, year eaijie from telephone subscribers' pockets. Other developments: The $786,000,000 Wagner housing bill received the approval of Secretary Perkins and William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, in a hearing before the senate labor committee. "Something of this sort should be started within a short time," Miss Perkins said of the bill, which would provide for the system of loans and grants by the federal government to local housing authorities over a four year period. "Our Ship Has Arrived in Rome," Shouts Mussolini Anniversary of City' Farm Indebtedness in Iowa Scaled Down DES MOINES, UP)--The state farm debt advisory council reported to Gov. Clyde L. Herring that county and state debt adjustment boards scaled down Iowa farm indebtedness 57,700,000 in 1935 the first three months of 1936. and FORECAST IOWA: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday; slightly colder in central and east Tuesday night, below freezing generally; not quite so cold Wednesday afternoon in extreme west. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday; not quite so cold Wednesday afternoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Monday "6 Minimum in Night. 21 At 8 A. M. Tuesday 30 Rainfall Trace The sudden drop of the temperature Monday afternoon and night gave distinction to the 24 hour weather offering in North Iowa. The precipitous change, from summer to winter would fickle March. have done credit to Pass Flood Control. Without an opposition vote, the senate passed the $272,000,000 Overton bill for flood control on the lower Mississippi river and sent it to the house. The commerce department reported United States imports March exceeded exports for the second consecutive month. A bench warrant for the arrest of Representative Zioncheck (D-Wash) who failed to appear to answer a speeding charge, was ordered issued in the District of Columbia traffic court. Support for the Wagner housing bill was expressed to the senate labor committee by Secretary Perkins and William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. Senate to Speed Bill. Republicans on the house ways and means committee did not like the way the tax bill was drawn; in fact they dropped hints that they would submit a minority report con. tending that no alterations at all were necessary if the administration would cut expenses. Seeking speed, senate democratic leaders planned to have the finance committee begin hearings on the bill Thursday, without waiting for the house to act. Other Washington developments: After months of study, federal housing administration experts made public plans by which, they said, a four room house complete with plumbing, wiring and a heating system can be built for as little as $1.200. They said the plans were drawn as a spur to private construction of homes for low-income families. D. A. R. in Session The Daughters of the American Revolution proceeded with their annual continental congress after hearing a message from Presiden Roosevelt. He said the United States favors adequate defense but would not increase its armaments unless increases by other powers made it necessary. Another development was a speech by Senator Dickinson (R- lowal addressing the American Coalition. He said that "a ceaseless propaganda designed to break down the faith of American people m their own institutions" was under way. "The ugly head of communism-the creed of envy and hate--has been raised in America," he said. Founding Observed by Romans. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Thousands of Romans stood cheering in the square in front of Premier Mussolini's office Tuesday as II Duce proclaimed on the anniversary celebration of the founding ot Rome that "our ship has arrived in Rome with all sails spread." The celebration, corresponding to the observance of Labor day in the United States, was the occasion for a new chcclt on the advance in Italy lince the fascist advent to power. Thousands gathered throughout .he country to listen to 11 Duce by Â·adio. After his speech from tiie balcony at the Piazza Venezia, Musso- ini went to begin officially the demolition of an old quarter in Rome, one of the many fascist work projects begun Tuesday. Reports New Advance. The expected capture of Addis Ababa had not materialized, though .he commander-in-chief of the fascist forces in East Africa, Marshal 3 ietro Badoglio, reported a new advance by the southern army after ts recent victoiy over the Etluopi- ans in Ogaden province. Marshal Badoglio said the advance in the south was having the greatest consequences" for the .thiopians. He also reported that the northern headquarters had been moved to Dessye, recently capturd from the Ethiopians, in a strategic move south from Amba Alaji. League Delegates Leave. - In Geneva-, delegates to-the' league of nations council departed, after the executive body of the league dropped its efforts to begin negotiations for peace between the warring nations. A resolution was adopted before adjournment deploring the failure at conciliation and once more appeal- g to Italy to make peace. British Foreign Secretary An thony Eden warned the league that if measures were not adopted to halt the East African conflict, his government might adopt its own methods of safeguarding its intere-sts. A letter by Dr. Augusto Vasconcellos, Portuguese delegate to the league, written to the sanctions committee of 18, said that sanctions are becoming more effective against Italy. Purchases Fall Off. He said purchases from the fascist nation by those countries applying sanctions fell to almost one- third of February purchases last year. The Ethiopians said they did not despair of saving their capital from falling into Italian hands, and prepared for a final stand in the mountains of Shoa province, north of Addis Ababa. This move was being made to save the capital from any damages which would be suffered in the event of bombing by the Italians should the warriors of Emperor Haile Selassie make a stand close to the city. Other reports told of a fierce bat' tie between the opposing armies north of Addis Ababa. 1 Germany Builds Forts. The Franco-German situation re ceived a new jolt Tuesday with thi report of a Paris newspaper of the beginning of construction of fort., by Germany in the demilitarized Rhineland zone. The newspaper Excelsior, in a dis patch from its correspondent a Wiesbaden, said a belt of fortresses similar to those in the Maginot lin on France's western frontier, had been started, extending from the Dutch to the Swiss border. As the Spanish election drew near, the left controlled governmen continued with its drive to curb thi activities of the rightists. Palestine Counts Dead. Minor disorders and strikes of al calibers were occurring throughou the country. Palestine counted its dead frorr the Arab-Jewish riots of the pas few days. The latest toll was 19 deai --15 Jews and four Arabs--with th injured list reaching 83 persons. The British high commissioner fo Palestine, Sir Arthur Wauchope, is sued new orders for emergency defense. ON THE INSIDE FREW TUCKER AND POLE Passenger Planes Still Ignore Iowa City Port ON PAGE 2 15 Judges Named for Iowa Music Festival ON PAGE 8 Great Britain Has to Additional Taxes ON PAGE 14 Levy Mason City's Cleanup Campaign on May 4-1 ON PAGE 11 Senator Sterwer Named G. 0. P. Meet Keynoter ON PAGE 3 TRAPPED DAYS READY FOR END Send Farewell Message; Diggers Have 20 Feet Still to Go. CÂ«|yrli.'lil, ln:t(i. by The Aasoclnlcd Press.) MOOSE RIVER, N. S.--Although he two men trapped in a gold mine had indicated they were prepared or death after nine days of suffcr- ng, hope that they yet might be rescued alive before nightfall was expressed Tuesday afternoon. Michael Dwycr, Nova Scotia's minister of mines, who personally is directing rescue efforts, stated: "A cw hours at the outside should suf- :ice to reach the men." However, he disclosed that 20 feet of fallen material still lay between the rescuers and the imprisoned men. Gives Farewell Message. From 141 feet below the surface. Dr. D. E. Robertson, Toronto surgeon, had given what was believed i farewell message for himself and Charles Alfred Scadding. trapped with him in the depths since Easter Sunday night. Their companion, Hermann Magill. Toronto lawyer and part owner with Dr. Robertson of the mine, lay dead in the narrow corridor toward which mining crews were attempting to dig. In the vanguard of the rescue party wene draegermcn, Nova Scotia's skilled mine rescue workers who "have been trained intensively in the art of boring through solid rock and loose dirt to men caught under-' ground.-.. Â· ........ ; .,.. . . . Cut Debris Away. Behind them labored scores of volunteer workers, the "men with guts" for whom Dwyer had called to cart debris out of the rescue shaft as the dracgermen wielded picks and shovels in advance. Although many of the rescue workers were so exhausted that they were operating in 15 minute shifts, some of the draegermen remained below more than 30 hours, flatly refusing to come to the surface. The refusal was due in part, it was learned, to the arrival of 20 additional miner volunteers from Steilarton Tuesday. Some of them told the draegermen: "We'll have to go down and finish the job for you!" Want to Be First. But the draegermen said they were determined to be the first to break through to the underground prison. Twenty more volunteers arrived Tuesday from the New Glasgow district mines. Fifty more left Stei- larton. No one knew the exact physical condition of the two prisoners. Dr. Robertson would only say "we are fine." But they refused to walk over to the 125 foot tube through which they received Monday their first nourishment in seven days. "We are too weak," Robertson said over a one way telephone. Dr. H. K. MacDonald, the Halifax physician who brought an emergency hospital unit here, said both were suffering from heavy colds, and that Scadding has a "bad case of trench feet." He agreed with what Dr. Robertson said Monday night about being "able to last another 24 hours or so." Men Work in Relays. Far down in the pit, scooping earth by hand ami passing big rocks along the human chain, the miners worked in relays. When their "trick" was up they staggered to the fresh air, received nourishment and went back. They were encouraged in their efforts by Dwyer, known as "Mike" to the miners with whom he has spent most of his life. The heavy, thick set minister ignored the warn. MAN IS HELD AS SHOTGUN SLAYER Collins Charged With Killing Youth Who Helped Wife to Run Away. ALEDO. III., (/Pi--Stan ton H. Prentiss. state's attorney of Mercer county, said Tuesday that he was preparing murder charges against John Collins, 39, carpenter superintendent on the Mississippi river lock project No. 17 at New Boston, for the shotgun slaying of Roger Johnson. 19, of Keithsburg early Tuesday morning. Prentiss stated that Collins had signed a full confession after surrendering to county authorities. The shooting was an aftermath of a flight to the west coast by Collins' , , .,. . i n i. \. i i u v ; i V 3 L : i . J i i i i i i o i . i : i i t i i v j i v ; u m u w i i i i i estranged wife, who left her bus- . p nysic ians who sent him to nnnrl nn A n r i f 11 nnrf nirorl irnnnn- *Â· *Â· * J . . . . . . band on April 11 and hired young Johnson to drive her to Los Angeles. Johnson returned by airplane from Los Angeles Monday, Collins went to the Johnson home, authorities said, called the youth downstairs at 3 a. m. Tuesday and shot him with a sawed off shotgun without warning. Depression Lasted Too Long for Wolter CHICAGO. (.-TV-Karl Wolter, 35. nn unemployed laborer, was found hanged in hit attic room Monday. A note on a table nearby read: "This depression has lasted too long to suit mo." STULDREHER GETS POST AT WISCONSIN MADISON. Wis.. (.TV--Harry A. Stuhldrchcr, head football coach at Villa Nova, was appointed athletic director and football coach at the University of Wisconsin by the board ct regents Tuesday. bed in a hospital Tuesday night. Sleep was all he required, he said. Then he put back on his miners' clothes and disappeared down the dangerous shaft, the heavily crev- iced sides of which promised little security. Outlines 3 Methods. Before he went back down. Dwyer outlined the three methods of approach to the men which have been attempted since the accident. They xvere: 1. A vertical shaft through solid rock to reach the men's prison; it had been temporarily abandoned because of the length of time required to complete it: 2. The clearing of various old shafts; 3. A diamond d r i l l hole direct tc where the men were imprisoned.