Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 20, 1936 · Page 13
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 13

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Monday, April 20, 1936
Page 13
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. »V. USE NEWSl'AI'EK «su«! Every Week Day by the MASON C1TV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Kaat stale Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOO1HS w. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to the use far publication of all nzvfs dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBTR, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Dej Mollies neiva and business offices at 105 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES OO'ZX asaA atn jfq Mason city and Clear LaKc, «IBT JB81O PUB AHO uos-u-w by the week $ .15 OCXSIUE MdSOJV CUT A'D CLEAR LAKE ' uiui Aq JK« a By mall 6 months 5225 JSJWtia Xq l(3aM J3d My mall 3 months J1.25 ja|jj«3 tfq .ma* j3j By mail 1 montn s .50 OUTSIDE 100 JUI.B ZONE "- J6.00 Six months... .53.23 Three mentis. . .$1.75 NORTH IOWA STANDS OUT nnHE Globe-Gazette finds gratification in the cur rent proof of its oft-repeated assertion that North Iowa has the cream of America's country journalism Will Loomis, distinguished publisher of a group o newspapers in Illinois, cited Hawkeye newspapering u this way during his talk before the Iowa Press con vention at Des Moines Friday night. It remained, how . ever, for the judges of the various contests, a littl later in the evening, to localize the distinction in NortJ Iowa. When the smoke had cleared, here is what ha happened: The Lake Mills Graphic, published by Martin A. Aasgaard, cited last year as one of Iowa's two "Master Editors," had been acclaimed the best newspaper published in a town of less than 1,500 popul- lation. The Northwood Anchor, published by E. K. Pitman and L. S. Barnes, for the second time was acclaimed the best weekly newspaper published in a town of more than 1,500 population. The award for the best special edition in cities of more than 2,000 population went to the Spencer News-Herald, with the Storm Lake Register one of the three honorable mention publications. The Iowa Falls Citizen, published by Tom B. Purcell, was cited along with the Red Oak Express for .honorable mention in the "over 1,500 population class," with an indication by the announcer that it had ranked second only to the Northwood Anchor. The Newell Mirror won honorable mention on a special edition, finishing close behind the Keosauqua Republican. The Lake Mills Graphic won second award for the best job of printing display, surpassed only by the Red Oak Express. ' That, we insist, is about all one little section of : the state should be expected to do in any one year: "KEEP THOSE BONDS!" T^ROM the day it was decided there would be immediate payment on adjusted compensation for those who desire it, Commander J. Ray Murphy of the Ame: can Legion has been directing attention to the desirability of keeping the certificates if it's at all practicable. This plan of adjusted compensation was designed back in 1923 as an insurance policy. The reasoning ,'was that its maturity at the age of 50 or 55 years ^would bring a maximum of usefulness to the individual holder of the certificate. There was logic in that Bourse and there is today. A most interesting slant on the question is supplied by Thomas A. Buckner, president of the New ·-York Life Insurance company. He has advised veterans not to cash their bonus certificates--not even to buy insurance. Buckner, who at the close of the World war urged veterans to keep their war risk insurance, makes the following statement: "If I were now asked to advise the veterans, I would urge them to keep their bonus money in United States bonds. There is no safer investment. The bonds provide a liquid reserve in case of emergency. "If these bonds are not cashed before they come due they would then provide the veteran with funds ' for his later years, which is one of the principal and original purposes of the bonus. "While many veterans will probably use the pro- · ceeds of their bonds to pay off indebtedness, undoubtedly many others will waste the money or lose it in speculative ventures." Representatives of Mr. Buckner's company throughout the country have been instructed to reflect the attitude and carry out the policy suggested here in their contacts with World war veterans. mary need, and I try to do my humble part to carry out the great plan of God. "Even the birds are my companions; they gree me with a symphony at the new day's dawn an chum with me 'till the evening prayer is said. "If it were not for me the treasuries of the eartt would remain securely locked; the granaries would b useless frames; man himself would be doomed speed ily to extinction or decay. "I rise with the early dawn and retire when th 'chorus' of the world is done. "I am your friend, I am the farmer." FOREIGN AFFAIRS By 5IARK R. BVERS TRAVEL AS AN INDUSTRY TNASMUCH as the travel industry is now spoken of ·-· as one of the giants of business, it ought to in- "terest each one of us to know to what purposes the billions spent annually in travel go. Some one who thinks he has ground for knowing has broken down' the travel dollar and he finds that in its purchase it is divided thus: For transportation *(rail, auto and taxi), 20 cents; hotels and other types , -of accommodations, 20 cents; merchandise (retail ; stores), 25 cents; hotel dining rooms and restaurants, 21 cents; recreation and amusement, S cents; refreshment and confections, 6 cents. Probably that is reasonably accurate, and being BO one has only to use as a multiple the billions that are spent in the aggregate to ascertain how business generally profits through travel. Having reached that total--let each fellow do the sum for himself--it becomes at once apparent why cities, states and nations are finding it profitable to attract travel in their di' rection. Incidentally, we might add that the domestic travel ; market is estimated to be annually worth five bil- I lion dollars, with foreign travel adding another billion. I SALUTE TO AGRICULTURE lS tribule to a S ri culture, "I Am the Farmer," which was recently presented by the Buffalo, Minn., Journal-Press: "I am the provider for sll mankind. Upon me 1 very human being constantly depends. "A world itself is built upon my toil, my products, ay honesty. "Because of my industry, America, my country, ,ds the world; her prosperity is maintained by ioe; her great commerce is the work of my good lands: her 'balance of trade' springs from the urrows of my farm. "My reaper brings food for today; my plows hold imises for tomorrow. "Jji war I am absolute; in peace I am indispensable my country's surest defense and constant reliance. "I am the very soul of America, the hope of the ce, the balance . wheel of civilization. "When I prosper men are happy; when I fail, all e world suffers. "I live with nature, walk in the green fields tinder golrten sunlight, out in the great Alone where rain and brawn and toil supply mankind's pri- T HE European situation remains unchanged, excep for increasing tension over the Italo-Ethiopian straggle. With Italy speeding up its conquest of Ethi opia, and so flushed with victory that she deliberately sent a side-expedition to the Sudanese border ani closed the British commercial route into Ethiopia-thus indirectly challenging the British--the leagu of nations is put into a hopelessly humiliating posi tion. There seems not the remotest chance that any thing the league can do to protect its African membe will succeed. The capture of Addis Ababa, and th" complete defeat of Haile Selassie, now seems only a matter of days. Mussolini is almost openly contemptu ous in his refusal to listen to the league's efforts a conciliation. And yet the British are stubbornly driving tin league toward the adoption of stronger sanctions against Italy. They seem determined that Italy shal be punished, if she cannot be stopped. The publicity emanating from Geneva gives the clew to the policj which the British seem intent upon forcing upon thi league. More and more is heard of the desperate internal condition of Italy. A committee of experts traces the decline of Italian foreign trade under sane- tions, and shows how rapidly Italian gold reserves are being exhausted to pay for desperately needed raw materials. There is not yet great unemploymen in Italy, the report says, because the speeding up of war industries has absorbed labor put out of wort by the collapse of industries dependent upon foreign trade. But, the report indicates, if the pressure is kept up sooner or later the crash will come. The inference is obvious. Mussolini could not be stopped by pressure or the gesture of mobilizing the British fleet in the Mediterranean. Ethiopia, although liberally supplied with arms, could not successfully resist. Sanctions were not universally effective. France would not help stop Mussolini; neighboring nations were too afraid of Italian reprisals to co-operate with the sanction program. Mussolini is going to have Ethiopia, and menace not only British prestige bul also the "life line of the empire," the Mediterranean route to India. Therefore, since Mussolini will not be cheated of his prey, Mussolini must be crushed. His regime is to be destroyed by destroying Italy economically. The Italian people are to be starved into revolution. Starkly, that is the line of British policy which is gradually emerging from the present confusion, It remains to be seen if it can be made to work. * * * LITTLE MAY BE EXPECTED FROM LEAGUE OF NATIONS I N THE first place, the league is a weak instrument with which to work this out. Already sanctions are losing their force. Small nations, convinced of the futility of league protection as they watch Italy gobble up Ethiopia, ars unwilling longer to continue the sacrifices involved. France, anxious to have Italian backing against Germany, is becoming more and more restless under British pressure. It is a most" significant thing that Premier Sarraut, in a carefully worded speech just the other day, gave warning that France is ready to quit the league oj nations unless assured of its complete backing against Hitler. No one needs to be told that this warning was directed at the British. It was the equivalent of saying "You insist that we must help you ruin Mussolini; we will not do so unless you help us crush Hitler." And that is something the British have steadily refused to do. And there are other values in the situation that British policy seems to ignore, or at least to undervalue. Surely it should be evident by now that Mussolini is not to be frightened into submission. Certainly he will not tamely submit to ruin by the long process of starvation. He is much more likely to strike back to relieve the pressure. It is in his power to bring about general European war; or he might strike at 3reat Britain by an aerial and submarine attack on the British naval forces at the mouth of Suez. And, finally, supposing that Britain does starve Italy into revolution against the fascists, what will come after? One can imagine only a state of chaos, rapidly spreading over the continent to the delight of the Soviets--a confusion in which every huddinj dictator in Europe would see an opportunity 'to play for his own hand. It is easily within the possibilities .hat present British policy, if persisted in, could bring about a modern analogy, on a larger scale, of the devastation of the Thirty Years' War, when central Curope became a desert, inhabited by savages. $ * * HIGH COMMANDS WOEKTNG ON STRATEGY OF "NEXT WAR" French, Belgian and British military authori- 1 - ties are in session, arranging the details of the next war. Presumably they are deciding upon the strategy to be pursued, the details of the high command, and the role each nation's forces are to play. This is the result of French insistence, invoking he Locarno pledges of the other because of Hitler's ·epudiation of the Locarno treaty. How effective the consultation will be in a military sense is doubtful, because of British reluctance to back the French against Hitler. Hints from London indicate that the British participation is largely confined to telling he French .and Belgians not to count too much on British military aid, beyond keeping the sea lanes tpen. Yet the mere fact that the generals are getting heir heads together may have a sobering influence in Hitler. While British reluctance is plain, Berlin knows that the English are pledged to aid France if Germany attacks. Teeth are being put into the Lo- arno pact which Hitler offended; the gun is being oaded, ready for action, authough the British do not vant the trigger pulled. And, no doubt, Hitler does not miss the possibility hat the British attitude toward Germany might be ·reatly changed over night if the French would fall n with British plans concerning Italy. VAR CLODDS HANG LOW ALONG EASTERN FRONT TOO rpAKING a look to the east, the Russo-Japanese *· border is seen to be heavily banked with war louds again. The border incident?, involving- clashes ctween Russians and Mongolians on the one side and a.pancsc and Manchukoan forces on the other, seem o be increasing' not only in number but in importance. Recent incidents include sharp protests from toscow to Toldo, and equally sharp rejoinders, a re- ewal of the Japanese military agitation for the cre- tion of a North China autonomous state tinder Jap- nese protection, the arrest of the Japanese staff of te soviet embassy in Tokio on suspicion of espionage, nd the seizure for trial of six Mongol officials of Manchukuo, charged with a conspiracy with the Rus- ;ons to promote secession of the western part of tfanchukuo. All this adds up to the most dangerous far eastern ituation since the early days of Japan's conquest of lanchukuo. And, incidentally, it is intimately related o the growing strain on European peace. It is too bvious to be missed that, when the European powers ecome prc-occupiod with their own troubles, Japan Iways takes another step forward , DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott EVEN IFlflE MINE WORKERS HIDE, DIAMOND? BE-IYJEEH JANEIRO CAPITAL oF POR^UqAL. By OF KlMq UOHrOI. RIN4 FLED To BRA7-1L WHEN. NAP01£oM'S ARMIES-fflREA-TNED to SUBDUE. TtAE COUMtkV MONARCHY IN BRAZIL LHAVE REVEAl MUCH AS i5",000 o? DIAMONDS. IH A. MAN'S SlbMActV SEARCHED ON LEAVlUq A MIME. 1 ' A FRENCH WOULD BE. IF if VNERE- , AND WOULD BE ONLY tfORU W ttH A FUNNEL- 6HAPED A.LFONSO of SPAIN, R- MOOTH- Klhiq , APPEARED oH PIECE. AT .LEAST" 22.0 STAMPS 4'Z.O COPYRIGHT. 1936. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION, tus ^oUK-TRY DIET and HEALTH By LOOAN CLENDENING, M. D. TREAT PAIN IN STOMACH SERIOUSLY THE SURGEON calls it "the acute abdomen;" the * layman calls it "the bellyache." The surgeon regards it with profound respect and apprehension; the layman says it probably is due to something he ate and all he needs is a dose of salts. The layman feels perfectly competent to handle the case himself or ask his wife what to do, or if things don't clear up immediately, ask the druggist. The surgeon thinks that all the facilities of a hospital and a nurse and two or three consultants are not too much to insure safety. This is a remarkable paradox-the difference between two points of view. Of course, all acute bellyaches are not serious and do not require any elaborate medical or surgical treatment. In most cases there is no serious disease present and the condition gets well by itself. But Or. Clendeninz just the same, there are enough of them that do mean something serious, in which the application of the right treatment in the early stage means the difference between life and death, that their importance overbalances all the cases in which the layman's home-made treatment results in recovery. When the real case comes along the layman's treatment is almost invariably wrong and a contributing cause to the fatal outcome. It is the fact that the acute abdomen nearly always falls into the hands of a layman first for treatment that makes the subject of such considerable importance. The acute abdomen may arise suddenly in the midst of perfect health. That is one of the reasons .t is regarded as of no importance. It may corne along n the midst of other troubles which overshadow it. Building engineers have a saying, "With the material at hand, let us proceed." When the human machine is afflicted with influenza, tonsilitis, heart or kidney upset, they may prepare the way for an acute abdominal infection, but they overshadow its symptoms. It maj' be brewing, and a sudden accident precipitates a crisis and upsets sound judgment as to the real sequence of events. For instance, a woman and her daughter were playing with _a dog. The daughter jicked the dog up and threw it at her mother, and as :he mother tried to catch it, she stumbled and the dog struck her in the abdomen. About an hour later she began to complain of severe pain in the abdomen. That night she vomited three or four times and began to, run a fever. She thought it was simply due to the accident of the dog's striking her on the abdomen. So did :he first physician who attended her, and he advised mt applications. When, the next day, she was mound .o have a temperature of 104 and a pulse of 140, was still soi'e and vomiting, the diagnosis of appendicitis "inally was agreed upon. The dog's striking the abdomen had nothing to do with the situation. It just so happened that this occurred at the very beginning of the attack of appendicitis before symptoms had begun to make themselves known. TOMORROW APRIL 31 By CLARK KCfNAIRD EARLIER DAYS FJIOM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.--Earthquake and fire yesterday put nearly half of San Francisco in ruins as at least 500 were killed and property loss will exceed 55,000.000. The terrific earthquake shock at 5:15 shook the entire city and surrounding country and there was an almost immediate collapse of flimsy structures all over the city. Water supply was cut off, Western Union was put completely out of business, electric power was stopped and railroads and ferry boats ceased operations. At Stanford university at Palo Alto many of the handsome buildings were demolished and two persons were killed. The fire in San Francisco continued unabated today as firemen attempted to stop the blazes by dynamiting. WASHINGTON--The senate today passed an appropriation of .$500,000 for the relief of San Francisco and other stricken cities in California. WASHINGTON--Two officers and five other men were killed and 14 injured when a charge of powder exploded in a. gun turret of the battleship Kearsarge, in Cuban waters, April 13. Twenty Years Ago-WASHINGTON--President Wilson yesterday told congress, assembled in a joint session, that he had given Germany an irrevocable notification that the United States will sever diplomatic relations if Germany's illegal submarine campaign is continued. The note is practically an ultimatum, demanding an immediate reply. PETROGRAD -- Trebizon, the most important Turkish city on the Black sea, has been captured by the Russians. Five men have been picked by Coach West to represent the high school medley and two mile relay teams in the Drake relays. Those selected were Feldman. Bishop, Keidle, Dawson and Stott. A. H. Caward of Watarloo, president of the Hawkeye Oil company and of the Western Oil Jobbers association, was a visitor in the city today. Harvey Woods of Amarillo, Tex., arrived in the city yesterday on a .business trip. Ten 1'care Mrs. G. Kolb and Miss Gladys Bartusek went to Waterloo yesterday to visit with friends for a few days. Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Jordan have returned from Deep River where they have been the past few weeks. William Dorr has received word of his promotion to the rank of second lieutenant of infantry officers in the reserve corps. Dr. A. E. Eberhart returned last night from Chicago where he attended a two day clinic celebrating the forty-third anniversary of the founding of the Chicago College of Dental Surgery. The following Mason City doctors returned yesterday from Iowa City where they attended the University hospital's annual clinic: Drs. A. H. Chilson. George M. Crabb, V. A. Farrell, C. F. Starr and H. D. Fallows. ALL OF US By SIARSHALL MASIJ.V Notable Births--Elizabeth of York, b. 1926, heir- resumptive to Britain's throne . . . Sir Basil Thomon, b. 1861, war time chief of British secret service, resent day novelist . . . Percy W. Bridgman, b. 1SS2, larvard physicist . . . Dr. Clarence A. Barbour, b. 867, and Dr. Francis P. Gaines, b. 1892, university residents . . . Gilbert Frankau, b. 1S84, novelist . . . Reginald Heber, b. 17S3 in Malpas, Cheshire, England, destined to become a bishop and the author of the most popular hymns of the Church of England. He nade "From Greenland's Icy Mountains" famous with is hymn, but he never saw them! April 2J. I83G--Sam Houston led an a r m y of fron- iersmcn with the skill of a Napoleon and defeated a arger Mexican force in the battle of San Jacinto, to vin the independence of Texas. For weeks, in order to scatter Mexican forces, Houston had fallen back. Then, when he had achieved his purpose and reached a favorable position, he gave battle with his 800 men, tilling 630 Mexicans, wounding 208 and taking 750 irisoners. Among the prisoners was Mexico's presi- lent, Santa Ana. * * * April 21, 1908--The date upon which Dr. Frederick L. Cook says he discovered the north pole. Whether he did is still an unsettled question. ONE MINUTE PKLPIT--The sting of death is sin; and the. strength of sin is the law.--.! Corinthians ]H:Sfi. THE LOVELIEST SPOT P R ME, the most beautiful place in all the world is a hill about thirty miles away from where I live. At all seasons of the year that hill is good for me . . . In the summer, when its sides are j'ellow and tawny and have a satin sheen . . . In the late fall and the early spring, when the young grass is green and sweet to see . . . And in that time when the farmer has his way with the slanted earth and the hill is a great, plowed patchwork of dark browns and purples and reds. I come through a little town and along a wide highway and make a sudden turn--and there's my hill . . . There's a little old farm house at its foot, with tall trees around it. There's the great shape of it behind the farmer's barn . . . rising . . . rising . . . lifting its gieat flank? to the eastern sky where it cuts sharply away . . . And my eyes lift and lift to it and climb high above if to the limitless sky. Behind that hill are other hills with cattle on them and cowboys riding their lean.horses . . . and beyond those hills are little iusty. common place towns. My mind tells me those towns, that ordinary life, are there beyond this great hill, but my heart tells me that splendid back-drop of beauty is the edge of the world with nothing behind. I do not look beyond . . . all I see is this grand rise from the earth, soothing, comforting, uplifting. This hill of mine has never failed me. Whenever I come its way I look for greatness and find it always. It has never disappointed, and unless I change for the worse, it never will . . . When I think of it I know the meaning of those words "I will lift up mine eyes to the hills, whence cometh my help." For me, the loveliest spot on all this rar.h . . , that, hill of mine that asks for nothing and gives everything to me. OBSERVING ?» mig^ffii^^ STATE LAW NEEDED TO HALT FIREWORKS SALES interested in a couple bills recently introduced in legislature of the state of New York by the National Society for the Prevention of Blindness. One prohibits the sale of fireworks to persons under 21; the other authorizes municipalities to permit "competent persons" to exhibit a display of fireworks when a bond is posted as financial protection for those who may be injured. "While these bills may not be ideal," said Lewis H. Cards, managing director of the society, "they represent real progress toward the elimination of fireworks accidents, which cause so much grief every Fourth of July. If enacted and enforced, they should have a very beneficial effect. Our society believes the sale of fireworks should be absolutely prohibited to all except experts on pyrotechnics who would be in charge of community displays on the Fourth of July. "Every season about 50 persons throughout the United States lose the sight of one eye or both, and another 500 receive minor injuries from fireworks. The indifference of Americans in allowing these injuries to occur is a national disgrace. It is done to celebrate Independence day, but a safe and sane method of commemorating the event would be a whole lot more patriotic." Interested in the statistics cited by Mr. Carris. I went to the Globe- Gazette's information bureau on last year's Independence day casualties and found that 7,738 were injured and at least 30 were killed celebrating, not including the automobile accidents, of course. Two hundred and fourteen eye injuries, 104 serious, were reported. I hope that New York's example in this matter may give the Iowa legislature an idea. As matters stand the communities which wish to protect themselves against the hazards of fireworks are unable to do so. Mason City is a case in point. A state law is needed to prevent the establishment of rural booths, unless boards of supervisors exercise a little gumption. --o-HERE'S RANKING OF PRESIDENT'S CABINET JIIMJ|. have it from a junior high S§^5 school student that the *S^ word ST. WAPNIACL should be remembered by everybody as a helpful key to the American governmental setup. It sounds like a jumbled assortment of letters--and indeed it is. It is made up of the initial letters of the presidential cabinet officers in the order that they would succeed to the presidency in the event of the death or removal of president and vice president. First, secretary of state; second, secretary of treasury; third, war; fourth, attorney general; fifth, postmaster general sixth, navy; seventh, interior; eighth, agriculture; ninth, commerce; tenth, labor. THIS PIPE SMOKER IS A REAL SENTIMENTALIST jmjlL would accord high rating SwG among the nation's pipe**^ smoking sentimentalists to one Earl Solbrig of Amana. Herr Solbrig owns a century-old meerschaum pipe fitted with a detachable handle to ease the strain on the teeth. Solbrig considers his meerschaum an heirloom. It was handed down to him. At present he is somewhat tearful because he found it necessary to send the pipe away for repairs. Truly an unhappy situation it is. The pipe measures 15 inches in length and is carved with a hunting scene showing four hounds On the trail of a lion and lioness. This in itself seems somewhat ridiculous. Most dogs know better. Most amazing of all ia that the pipe weighs three pounds. And, since it has been smoked all these years, there is a question of strength involved. The pipe is doubtless unusually strong. But what of Hcrr Solbrig who has had to heft it alt these years. We arc sure he must have character--that is to say, a strong jaw. --o-NO MORE "HELL WEEK" FOR MICHIGAN FRATS don't think offhand of a. better earnest that collegians are beginning to grow up than Is contained in the recent announcement that "hell week" has been abolished by fraternities at the University of Michigan. Hereafter impressive additions to the rituals will displace the stunts of more or less questionable character that have marked previous imitations. Activities descended from medieval days are to be eliminated. Initiation escapades by two fraternities that brought severe criticism caused this action at Michigan. It was voluntary on the part of the fraternities. Here's hoping other colleges and universities fail in line. The kid stuff of "hell week" hag no place in modern university life. --o-CHANCE IN LOTTERY IS ONLY 1 IN 350,000 don't suppose it means a S thing to a sucker to know " that his chance of winning a major prize in a national lottery is 1 in 350,000. In other words, for every winner of a major prize, there are 350,000 who pay. And for the lesser prizes, the chance is 1 in 3,500. It's the exceptional that makes news. No wonder newspapers feature the 1 in 350,000 who cashes in. I've always believed, however, that these newspapers have a journalistic duty to present a mob scene view with each winner's picture, to represent the thousands who give without getting. But don't tell me --I know it's futile to try to reason with those who are cut out to be suckers in this or other get-rich- without-working schemes. Answers to Questions By FUEOIC1UC ,1. HASKI.N PLEASE NOTE--A reader can get the answer to any question at fact by writing Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Please inclose three (3) cents for reply. Describe the vehicular tunnel between Detroit and Canada. S. K. The Detroit-Windsor vehicular tunnel, opened Nov. 3, 1930, cost S25,000,000, and took three years to build. The illumination is so perfect no lights are needed on automobiles. The roadway is 22 feet wide und 1,000 cars can be accommodated in one hour each way. The tunnel is steel lined and the roadway is granite. The air is kept purified by 40 complete changes of air inside the entire passage every 60 minutes. If at any time too much carbon monoxide is present in the air a bell automatically rings. Has any horse other than Reynoldstown Avon the grand national at Aintree twice? S. B. Happened three times before. Abd-el-Kader won this steeplechase in 1850 and 1851; The Colonel in 1869 and 1870; and Poethlyn in 191S and 1919. When did a prohibition candidate lirst apiear on a presidential ballot? S. T. In 1872. James Black as a temperance candidate, polling 5,608 popular votes. In 1876. G. C. Smith appeared on the ballot as a prohibition candidate, polling 9,522 votes. In every subsequent campaign there was a prohibition candidate. No prohibition candidate ever polled enough votes to win any votes in the electoral college. How long did Pasteur live after he had a paralytic stroke? SI. R. Stricken in October, 1868. Died Sept. 28, 1895. What groups of corporations made largest net profits last year? C. E. Thirteen large chemical companies averaged 34.7 per cent; 15 large distilling r:ompa.nip.s averaged 10.n per cent; and 13 large atitn- tnobile companies a.veragcd 10.2 per cent. \Vhrn did nmipnsitp. anil trick photography hcc'n? T. r. Probably were earlier experiments but the most notable examples appeared after the assassination of President Lincoln. There was a great demand for his pictures but there was none showing him in the heroic postures which the American people wanted. Earlier statesmen had been painted in such poses. So photographers took pictures of the posed, draped figures of such men as John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay and superin- posfd ttif. head of Lincoln. Currier Ivcs had issued a lithograph ] showing Lincoln's dfathbf-d sccnp i with Vice President Andrew John- son present. Afterwards when Johnson became unpopular and was impeached, the head of General Halleck was substituted for Johnson's. What causes an oasis in a desert? H. S. Usually formed because of a stream rising from a subterranean spring. A combination soil which holds water but prevents evaporation is sometimes found in a desert and favors the formation of oases. When was Sir John Moore killed? A. R. Lieutenant General Moore was struck by a grapeshot which shattered his left shoulder, Jan. 16, 1809. A sergeant and two men carried him in a blanket to his quarters in town where he was laid on a mattress. He died at evening. It was decided to bury him in the citadel beside his friend. Robert Austruther, who had died on the day that the army reached Coruna (Spain). At midnight, officers of his staff carried his body into the citadel. Soldiers of the ninth foot dug his grave; as the dark January morning broke, he was hastily laid to rest. How many U. S. postage stamps issued last year? E. H. There were 13,610,497,410. Favorite Songs "Everybody's Song Book," available through the Washington information bureau of the Globe-Gazette, should be in every home. It is the most complete collection of the favorite old songs obtainable today in a popular edition. Here are 205 of the songs we all love to sing, expertly compiled Cor voice and piano. Authoritative historical notes relate thr beginnings of the celebrated patriotic airs. Inclose 20 cents to cover cost, handling and postage. Use coupon: The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington D. C. I inclose 20 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for "Everybody's Song Book." Name Street Cily ' S l a t e r \

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