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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF ' H I S T O R Y A N O A R C H I V E D E S WO I M E S I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PHZSS ANT UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIBES MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1943 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 79 REDS TAUNT NAZIS TO TELL TRUTH Name Burma Speaker of Iowa Representatives NOMINATED ON 1ST BALLOT AT G. 0. P. CAUCUS Knudson Wins Proposal That Nominating Talks Be Omitted at Session , DES MOINES, /P)--Representative Henry W. Burma, Allison, was nominated Saturday by the republican caucus for speaker of the Iowa house of representatives. The nomination is equivalent to election. Burma, whose record of service in the house is longer than any other representative, won the nomination on the first official ballot after having led in a preliminary "nominating" ballot. He polled 52 of the 87 votes cast. His election to the speakershin at the opening of the lown legislature Monday is assured since the republicans hold a majority of 98 to 10 over the democrats in the house. Earl C. Fishbaush. Jr., Shen- ando.ih. who had been expected to run Burma a. close race, polled 32 voles. Others receiving votes were: Harold F. Nelson, Sioux City- 6; William N. Judd, Clinton, i; A. H. Avery, Spencer. 2: and Albert Steinberg, Ames. I. Fishbaugh promptly moved that the vote be made unanimous and it carried after Nelson's second. Steinberg then was elected unanimously republican house floor :,leader after.-Eislibaughland W. H. Fimmen, Bloomfield, Â° had been nominated and withdrew. Avery was nominated for speaker pro tern, also uniminously. A. C. Gustafson, long-time chief clerk oÂ£ the house, was nominated again for that post. A roll call showed \V. Eldon Walter of Beaman was the only republican house member absent, but he arrived just after the vote on the spcakership. Burma's nomination for the speakership, while expected in most political circles, came more quickly then many forecasters had predicted. On a preliminary "nominating" ballot, he polled 34 votes. Other votes on the initial ballot were Fishbaugh 23, Steinberg 6, Nelson 7, Avery 7, Judd 7, Bert E. Dodds of Danville 12, and one for "Wilson," the ballot failing to specify whether it was intended for A. M. Wilson of Albia or Melvin Wilson of Lake City. The only other action oÂ£ the caucus was selection of a patronage committee consisting of one representative from each district. * * * Those named w e r e : F. A. Latchaw, Wilton Junction, first district: Harvey J. Lono, Clinton, second; Arthur C. Blatii, New Hampton, third; S. A. Martin. Centcrville. fourth; G. fi. IVhitehead, Ferry, fifth: Mclvin Wilson. Lake City, sixth: J. R. Hall, Slalvern, seventh; and "". F. Bockwoldt, Ida Grove, eighth. * W * It was a streamlined session throughout, a trend that started when Herman HI. Knudson of Ms- son City urged that no nominating speeches be made for the candidates. His motion carried and the caucus wound up its business in less than an hour. Usually it requires two or three hours. Burma has the experience of three sessions in the legislature behind him as he lakes over t h e job of guiding laws through the assembly. He always has been an important behind-the-scenes lasvmakcr and headed the sifting committee Â· in the last session, The legislator \vos born in Butler county Nov. 7, 1885, and has been in the real estate and loan business in Allison since 1938. The legislative directory lists him a? farmer, but he lives in Allison. He owns and operates three farms in that vicinity. * * * Burma has a genial nature and is so well lilted amonff the lawmakers that he has. been referred (o as a lawmaker's lawmaker. * * * He farmed from 1914 to 1916 and then operated a hardware store in Bristow for two years in partnership with his brother. Benjamin. During the first World war he served 10 months overseas with the army and was in the Mouse and Alsace Lorraine sector. He was a traveling man for two years after the war and served as f HENRY W. BURMA --Nominated Speaker sheriff of Butler county from 1923 to 1938 He has been a member of the house the last three sessions. In 1924 he was married to Kathryn McGinn. The Burmas have two children, Charles Heiry, and Marjorie Anadel. CHAD FORCES ADVANCE NORTH Defeat of Axis Army Is Becoming Rout LONDON. W)--Brig. Gen. Jacques Leclerc's forces have occupied Brach, 350 miles southeast of Tripoli, the fighting French announced Saturday. Brig. Gen "Jacques '. Leclere's forces- moving northward from Equatorial Africa toward,the Mediterranean coast announced in successive communiques that they had taken, first El Gatrun, in the Muzurch region, and then Brach, 350 miles southeast of Tripoli. Brach is 180 miles north of El Gatrun. They indicated that other axis strongholds also were on the verge of capture. A late communique from Leclerc's headquarters in the Fezzan area of southern Libya said: "The defeat of the enemy in the southern Fezzan is becoming rout. Our advanced elements have occupied Brach. Other enemy out- Bbsls arc encircled by our troops. Operations continue.'' The capture of Branch marked the closest approach of the fighting French based at Lake Chad to a junction \yith the British eighth army driving westward toward Tripoli along the Mediterranean coast. (Presumably General Leclerc's forces have out several strong advance columns, fanning towarc different axis objectives on the dest. A caravan trail leads almost directly from Brach toward Tripoli.) PARACHUTES WACO. Tex., TO SAFETi' -- Aviation CE- Lift Penalty Restrictions to Increase Corn Plantings Crop Payments to Be Made Only if Farmers Meet War Crop Goals DES MOINES, Â«Pl--A. J. Love- and. Iowa AAA chairman, announced Saturday penalty restrictions for overplanting 1943 corn allotments have been lifted n an effort to boost feed produc- :ion to meet the heavy demands Â· or increased livestock produc- ;ion. "Although the lid has been kicked off on corn allotments, crop payments .will be' paid only if farmers meet the war crop goals which will be set up for every Iowa farm," Loveland p o i n t e d out. "Furthermore, only farmers who meet the war crop goals 011 their farms will be eligible for 1943 corn loans." * * * Here's what theso p o l i c y changes mean to Iowa farmers, in Loveland's opinion; The department of agriculture is paying for balanced production this year. The new regulations place emphasis on the growing of war crops on every Iowa farm. They include: Soybeans, flax, hemp, potatoes (3 acres or more), dry beans, canning peas, canning tomatoes, hay and pasture for livestock. Care must be made in assigning war crop goals for every farm. These goals are now more important than ever. Kvery. farmer must plan to turn out just as much of each needed wartime commodity as he can--with due consideration to his land, labor, machinery and marketing facilities. Farming as usual is out lor the duration. farm plan .intention. sheets and work 'plans are the key to'. a balanced food production program. Farmers, w o r k i n g with their AAA community committeemcn, must fill out these plans carefully. They will be the farmer's ivar production agreement with the government, representing his share of national war production goals. * * * "The entire plan of balanced farm production in 1943 is n businesslike approach to the problem of helping every farmer in the nation produce his proper share oC crops and livestock needed in the war," Loveland declared. "We're in a total war demanding all-out production of the crops and livestock geared lo our war needs/' . , cict Jay A. Norcm of Thor, Iowa. parachuted to safety Friday xyhen his basic training plane went into a spin. Tiie airman suffered face lacerations but otherwise was unhurt. RUHR AGAIN IS BLASTED BY RAF LONDON, (IP) -- RAF bombers attacked industrial targets in Germany's Ruhr valley Friday night for the fourth time this week, it was announced officially Saturday. Five British aircraft were i. ported missing from the night's operations, indicating an attack by perhaps top planes. No official details were given immediately of the raid's scope or specific "targets, however. 3 RAIDS MADE ON BIZERTE BY 'FLYING FORTS' Spaatz Named Head of New Allied Air Force in North African Front By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, (IP)--The United States air force has struck one of the heaviest blows of the war at Bizerte, a vital axis supply port, with big four-motored f l y i n g fortresses bombing it on three separate raids, it was announced Saturday. The attack coincided with the news from Lieut. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, allied commander in North Africa, that U. S. Maj. Gen. Carl Spaatz has been made commander of a new allied air force on that front. Spaatz will supervise not only the 12th U. S. air force under Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle but also the RAF under Air Vice Marshal Sir William L. Welsh and such French units as may service with the allies. Five American planes were lost, all P-38 1 twin-engined lightning fighters. The fortress raids on Bizertp went;said, to-ha.ve formed, one-ot 1 the most concentrated attacks of the campaign on a single target, carrying out their bombing despite ground fire and fighter opposition. The bombers shot down four planes over Bizerte, which is rated among airmen as one of the hottest anti-aircraft areas in the world. Enemy docks in Tripoli also were attaekc-u'. Operating alone the enemy supply line leading; south from Kairouan toward Gabcs, American medium bombers -- B-25 Billy Mitchells and B-26 marauders--left the trail in havoc in widespread raids on tank concentrations, railroads a n d airfields. There were no reports of land action on the northern Tunisian front except patrol activity. Deep in the south, however, French forces were reported to have raided another enemy post and taken some prisoners, (This presumably referred to the same action, which the Fighting French announced in London, resulted in the capture of El Gatrun. southeast of Murzuch. in the Libyan desert, and 177 prisoners by an clement of Brig. Gen. Jacques Le Clere's native camel corps troops.) While bad weather hampered the RAF. which reported destroying one German plane and losing one of its own. the French air force was credited with downing seven enemy planes in widespread activity. Like a Jigsaw Puzzle As neatly as two parts of a jigsaw puzzle, the bow of the decommissioned U. S. destroyer Taylor slides into the torpedoed destroyer Blakcley (left) at tlie Philadelphia navy yard, where the Blakeley was taken for repairs after her -encounter with an enemy submarine in the Caribbean sea. (Associated Press photo from U. S. navy) New G. O. P. Senators Get Together New republican senators meet in Washing-ton with Senator Charles L. McNarv (R ,?mTM n!v el 'if ? U -"^ S v SI Â°" 3t Whic1 , 1 McN "y commented: "Harmony was so thick'it ran down im cherics. M-M,TM ,TM. Â«,..i--^ minority leader. New senators, seated left to y was Asks Hearing gainst AP V Be Expedited N E W YORK, (fP)--Attorney General Francis Bicldle Saturday filed a petition in federal court here asking that the government's anti-trust action against the Associated Press be expedited and heard by a court consisting of at least one circuit court of appeals judge and two other federal judges. The usual procedure is for a single federal judge to hear such cases. Asserting that the case was of leneral public importance," the attorney general asked that it "be assigned for hearing at the earliest practical date and in every way expedited. The government suit charging monopoly was filed in federal district court here last Aug. 28, and asked the court to order the Associated Press, world's largest news gathering organization, to open its membership rolls to any newspaper willing to pay its proportionate share of the cost of gathering "news. The Associated Press filed an answer on Oct. 27. denying the monopoly charge and asserting that "a free press requires t h a t newspapers shall be free to collect and distribute news . . . and that they shall be free to choose their associates in so doing.'' The Associated Press serves ils LOSES JOB FOR 'HEIt'IN COURT Man Was "Angered" by Traffic Charges OMAHA, W)--T. H. Woodward, personnel manager at the Mead ordnance plant, said Saturday that the plant has dismissed from its employ John A. Nelson, Omaha, who gave the nazi salute ''hcil Hitler!" in municipal court Friday. Nelson, who paid a fine of $100 for contempt of court, had testified it made him "angry" to be called into court on a minor traffic charge and that it represented "interfering with defense industry." Nelson said he did not want to take time off from his job to answer the summons. A delegation of disabled v/ar veterans from Omaha drove to the plant at Mead Saturday morning to ask the management what il intended to do about Nelson Woodard notified tiie delegation lhat Nelson had already been dismissed. Plant officials said they were certain Nelson had no pro-nazi leanings, and that he had offeree Hie explanation "I guess i mus' have blown my lop." Fellow workers said the believcc Nelson felt he should not have been arrested for passing a stop sign on icy pavement. He was lined SI and costs on the traffic charge. U. S. Bombers Make Raid on Rekata Bay WASHINGTON, UP)--American bombers in a raid on a Japanese base in Rekata bay in Ihe Solomons started f i r e in shore installations, the navy reported Saturday in a communique which told nlso of new air attacks on enemy bases at Bougainville and Kiska. The text of the communique, No. 24 f: "North Pacific: "I. On Jan. 7, a force of Liberator heavy bombers (consolidated B-24) dropped btfmbs on enemy positions in Kiska. Itc- sults were not observed. 'South Pacific: (All dales are east longitude). "2. On Jan. 7: "(A) During the morning a force of flying fortress heavy bombers (Boeing B-17), bombed enemy areas on the island of Bougainville. Twelve Japanese zero fighters attacked the fortresses. Two zeros were shot down. No U. S. planes were lost. * * * "(B) A force of marauder medium bombers (Martin B-2G) with Airacobra (Bell P-39 escort attacked enemy installations at .Kekata bay on Santa Isabel island. Fires were started and two enemy float-type planes were damaged. Two U. S. planes were shot doivii by enemy antiaircraft fire." * * * Rekata bay is about 135 miles lorthwcst of Guadalcanal airfield The Japanese have been established there for some months, but the attack reported Saturday was the first our forces have made there in some time. It was taken to indicate that the enemy has been strengthening his forces there recently. Kiska is the frequently bombed Jap base in the Aleutians. members on a operative basis. non-profit, co- HINT RUTLEDGE TO HIGH COURT WASHINGTON. (~/P -- G o v e r n - ment sources said Saturday tha President Roosevelt could be c: peeled to make known his choic' for the supreme court vacancy soon--possibly Monday--and the name of Wiley Rutledgc of Iowa an associate justice of the United States court of appeals for District of Columbia, headed Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Warmer Saturday afternoon and Saturday night. Lowest Saturday night, 12. colder by Sunday forenoon. Occas- sional light snow this afternoon. IOWA: Continued mild temperatures Saturday night and Sunday forenoon, excepting warmer east portion Saturday night, pccassiona] light snow or frez- ing drizzle extreme cast portion, ending early Saturday afternoon. Fresh to moderately strong winds Saturday afternoon. MINNESOTA: Continued m i l d temperature Saturday and Sunday forenoon. Occasional light snow Saturday afternoon and northeast and extreme east portions early Saturday n i g h t . Strong winds diminishing Saturday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazetle weather statistics: Maximum Friday 30 Minimum Friday night !) At 8 a. m. Saturday 30 Snow li.i inches Precipitation JOinch YEAR AGO: maximum 11 M i n i m u m -t) Precipitation trice 2 KILLED WHEN PLANE CRASHES Craft Falls in Field North of Fort Madison DENMARK. Iowa, f/P)--An army training plane crashed and burned tivo miles west of here early Saturday, killing its two occupautsDemnarl: is 15 miles southwest of Burlington and 11 miles north of Kort Madison. Seventh service command headquarters in Omaha said (he plane was from Ellington Field. Tex., and was flying only about 20 feet from the ground immediately before the crash. The body of one mar. was found badly burned beside the wreckage, while that of a second was a short distance away. An opened parachute was tangled in a barbed wire fence and a telephone pole a little way from the second body. Deputy Sheriff Frank L. Klopfenstein of Fort Madison said the second man apparently had attempted to bail out of the falling plane, but was too low for the finite to open properly. The plane struck on state highway 16, but Klopfenstcin said its direction did not indicate that the pilot was attempting to land on the graveled road. The accident happened about 1 a. m. tlv ... thi speculation. While these persons who are close to the white house but cannot be quoted by name declined lo confirm insistent re ports that Rutledge had beei chosen, they would not deny them 2 JATLlERS ARE SENT DOWN Chinese Report Only 42 Out of 1,000 Saved LONDON. Â«P|--Reuters quoted a Chungking report Saturday that American submarines had sunk two .Japanese liners off Woosung. about 25 mile; from Shanghai, and t h a t only A'l persons were saved out of 1.000 aboard the two ships. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier hoy. 20 ADDITIONAL TOWNS WON BY RUSSIAN ARMY Hitler, Despite Jibe, Uses Generalities to Cover Up Setbacks BY ROGER D. GREENE Associated Fress War Editor Russia officially challenged jermany Saturday to tell the ruth about the disaster rapidly enveloping Adolf Hitlers invasion armies, even as soviet troops recaptured more than 20 additional 'owns in their triumphant sweep hrough the lower Don River Valley and the Caucasus, * * * Despite the soviet jibe. Hitler's field headquarters still resorted to generalities and gave the German people no intimation that the once-conquering iiazi legions ivere suffering: their worst setbacks of the war. * * * Tims the nazi communique pictured German troops as repulsing soviet attacks in the three major sectors--between the Caucasus and the Don, near Stalingrad, and Â·in the Don district"--and inflicting 'Â·extremely heavy losses" in counterattacks. The German high command further insisted iliat the stronghold ol Velikie Luki, 90 miles from the Latvian frontier, which the Russians claimed last week, was still being "stubbornly defended against fierce enemy attacks.'' * * * Soviet dispatches said three Russian armies \vcre now closing in around the great German base at Rostov, key to the whole nazi salient in the Caucasus, JIhe, nearest column was less ibaD 65 miles awar. " " * * '*Â· Recalling nazi reverses in the 1S41-42 winter campaign, the Russian high command declared: "Now the red army once more is inflicting powerful b l o w s against the German fascist troops, driving them back to the west. The same as last year, the Hitler- ites ave muttering again about a 'shortening of the front line.' "Actually, the change is taking place on the i n i t i a t i v e of the Red army against the will of the Hit- lerite command and despite their plans . . . it means that the Germans really and truly are finding themselves in a tight corner" ~ * * The Soviet communique said Germany's leaders had concealed the truth of the retreat from their people and "when it became no longer possible to remain silent, tile Hitlerite rulers decided to break their silence but in such a manner that no one should understand anything." "They have again lied." Coinciding with this taunt to the nazi regime, bad news for the axis resounded on other fronts in the global war: TUNISIA--French headquarters announced lhat French troops had beaten off nn axis thrust south of the Fpundouk-El-Aouarcb area, 120 miles below Tunis, and inflicted "heavy losses" on the enemy. Sticky mud still bogged fightinjf * * RUSSIA o so too iso Russian troops driving toward the vital rail center of -Rostov captured several more "populated places" and deepened their wedge (top arrow) in the German defense line, Moscow said. On the southern front the red army also continued its advance and Berlin acknowledged a withdrawal which it called "shortening of front lines according to schedule." Black areas indicate fresh gains reported by the soviet. Shaded area is territory through which Russians have advanced since their present counter-offensive began. Broken line is approximate present front.