The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 25, 1944 · Page 1
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February 25, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, February 25, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME YOU L THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and Uolled Press Full Uas«d Wires Germany Reports Loss of Great Base, Vitebsk NAZIS DECLARE BIG EVENTS IN BALTICS LOOM MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 19H Entire White Russian Front Now Open to Advancing Red Forces London, (U.F»--Germany reported Friday that the great northern base of Vitebsk had fallen to soviet forces driving through White R u s s i a and that "sensational events in the Baltics" might be shaping up. The nazi-controlled Scandinavian telegraph .bureau in a Berlin dispatch said the German army had lost Vitebsk, keystone base of all northern White Russia, where 3. powerful garrison had stood off Russian assault forces standing before its gates since Christmas. ' Coming on the-heels of the fall of Rogachev, 150 · miles to the south, the reported collapse of German resistance at Vitebsk laid open the entire White Russian front to red array forces smashing L toward Minsk and Polotsk. '·Fighting became particularly bitter at the 2 local points of Bogachev and Vitebsk," a Berlin dispatch to Stockholm said. "German troops succeeded in coping with these strong attacks by elastic adaptation. In the course of these attacks the 2 towns were evacuated. "The fall of Vitebsk caused no surprise in Berlin, where it was indicated earlier that the city was untenable. The road to Polotsk Jnw is open. "The development ot the Baltic and White Russian fronts now is assuming express train tempo, it the Russians cannot be halted along the Pskov-Polotsk line, sensational events can be expected in the Baltics in the nearest future." -.'. Tn e;implication was plain'that {.":,| h ?;«aas.feai-ea-rebellion behind. ? ,-Al^b#j3e^Uges/.to-^tyia,-Estonia' and.Lithuania', r'ttte 1 states' against or into which the red armies were sweeping along the iuU length of their eastern frontiers. * Temperature Drop /s Aid to Reds Moscow, (U.B--Gen. Konstantin K. .Rokossovsky's troops, forcing, the upper Dnieper river drove through a 31 mile gap in the German lines to within striking distance ot Bobruisk, ancient gaie- way-to the White Russian capital of: Minsk, in a new offensive Fri- FIRST DONOR IN RED CROSS DRIVE-President Roose- \elt is shown a s h e received t h e first n ' received the first contributor's lapel 000 non V- 9 , 44 Red £'° ss war f n n d «»"P«iK" for ?200000 000, which opens March 1, from Miss Marv K. Browne of Cleveland, Ohio, well known golfer who Wntl°ra! ' · s - i n a - couut - r '- s share "i this giant campaign i s 5ol,jOO. Advance solicitation is already under way and the general campaign will get under way immediately after the first of the month under the chairmanship of Paul Pnteharcl. (Sec Story and Picture on Page 14) U. S. Naval'Forces Carry Out New Forays on Nippon Bases By MORRIE LANDSBERG . -.-.. Associated Press War. Editor American navalI forces, prowling thp, Pacific without challenge Japanese * day. Rqkossovsky's a r m y overran more than 100 towns and villa"s including the stronghold-of Roga- chev, in advances of up to 16 miles in the initial phase of his offensive, which broke a months-Ion" stalemate on the front above Zhlobin. Simultaneously, soviet forces on E -v the northwestern front seized the 1 railroad junction of Dno and 150 other localities In a S-pronged advance that carried to within 19 miles of Pskov, on the main invasion route into Latvia and southern Estonia. A sudden drop in temperature that'froze desolate White Russian swamplands literally paved the way for Rokossovsky's offensive. Attacking in a blizzard, troops under the hero of Stalingrad rapidly wiped out the German bridgehead on the east bank of the Dnieper between Rogachev and ZhloV swept across the Dnieper an pushed to within a few miles o the 'Rogachev-Bobruisk highway The capture ot Ozerany carrie the Soviets 12 miles beyond .Roga chev to within 29 miles east o Bobruisk, where the remnants c Napoleon's troops were disperse^ on the retreat from Moscow. Oth er Rokossovsky columns alread. were poised northeast, southeas and south of Bobruisk for co-or dinated attacks on that strong hold. Front dispatches said partisan who had been hiding out in th woods and swamps 'were aidim the red army in the slaughter o retreating enemy troops and cut ting his communications to th rear. One red army column alone wa credited with killing 4,000 Ger mans, destroying 24 tanks and self-propelled guns and capturing 62 guns and 7 mortars. Consider able numbers of prisoners were being rounded up. Hogachev, which resisted a series of soviet attacks severa months ago, was captured by storm after the Russians had all but surrounded it. The fjill of Dno, last German stronghold east of Pskov, was expected to be followed by an almost immediate assault on Psko\ ilself. Iowa Goes Over Top in Sales of E Bonds in Drive DCS Moincs, Wj--Iowa lis passed its E bond quota in the $3,000,000, the state by nearly war finance committee announced Friday Sales of E bonds total 568.800,000 against a quota of S66000- 000, or 104 per cent of the goal Total sales in the drive,-which continues to the end of the month have reached 5212,000,000 compared with a quota of $177,000,- The committee announced that 6 counties have not yet reached their over-all quola and that 22 counties had not reached their £ bond., goal. REDS GAIN--Arrow (A) point, to Dno, strong point blocking Russian path Io Pskov was taken by soviet forces in fierce conflict. Arrow (B) indicates Rogacher which has also been taken eliminating the German bastion blocking the path to Minsk. Arrow (C) indicates captured Krivoi ROK from which the 3rd Ukrainian army is driving- toward the Bug river. Shaded area is German held. 53,000 lowans Have Filed Income Taxes DCS Moincs. (/Pi--E. H. Birmingham, Iowa internal revenue collector, reported Friday that more than a3,000 lowans have filed fed--_ tax returns and DaiH 818,096,640 so far this year, compared with 29,000 taxable returns on which S7,616,40S was paid at the same lime in 1943. The 518 098,640 figure does not include amounts withheld by employers under the lax withholding system. . The famed "Little Beaver squadron swept enemy shipping lanes far north ot the Solomons Tuesday in what was termed the most daring surface raid ever attempted in south Pacific waters. A Japanese destroyer ov minelayer and 2 cargo ships were sunk along with 4 barges loaded with nearly 1,000 Nipponese, 73 of whom were picked up Kavieng New Ireland, came in for its 2nd and the big guns on Duke of York , naval shellin were turned island of Rabaul to complete the no-loss mission. e "We are liehtcnine (he blockade of the enemy's Bismarck bases," General Douglas MacArthur said in announcing the naval action, "and we now dom- male sea lanes to Ihe north due to effective neutralization of the enemy's air bases in the Admiralty, New Ireland and New Britain groups." In between sea-borne attacks on Truk and the Marianas, carrier planes showered 30 tons of bombs on 3 islands of an unspecified Marshalls atoll Sunday. It was the 6th carrier strike of the war at the besieged mandated group. Japan Friday acknowledged the loss of 4,500 troops and 2.000 civilians at Kwajalein and Rio islands in American capture of Kwajalein atoll nearly 3 weeks ago. U. S. navy figures placed the enemy dead at 8,122 against 28G Americans killed. Preliminary reports .indicate Ihe same lop-sided ratio prevailed in the just-completed occupation al AERIAL DRIVES SMASH ANEW AT PLANE PLANTS Yanks Lash Regensburg, Stuttgart After Heavy RAF Attacks at Night London. (IP)--Great formations of American heavy bombers carried the unprecedented allied aerial o f f e n s i v e thundering through its Gth day Friday, with smashes deep within Germanv at aircraft production plants at Reg- MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" ensbur gels. Stuttgart and other tar- 10 German Divisions Face Beachhead Allied Headquarters, Naples, IP --German forces ringing the Anzio beachhead, now swollen to 10 divisions, peeked at American-British lines-Thursday in 2 fruitless iiltucks southwest, ot Carroccto as the 5th army steadily improved its positions, it was announced Friday. The uncmy likewise in light force assaulted French positions on Monte Abate a mile and a half east of Tcrelle on the Cassino The heavy daylight assault carried the mighty offensive racing ou round the clock after the RAF took up the 2 way scourge of nazi Plane production Thursday nicht in a 1,000 plane raid from Britain on Sclixvcinfurt and sent other formations -from Italy to attack Steyr. in Austria. % Both Schweinfurt and Steyr . were already burning from the Thursday 2 way attack by American heavy bombers based in Britain and Italy. Wednesday's strong forces ot 4 engined heavyweights were protected by swarms of allied fighters as they dumped new destruction on the aircraft works at Rcgens- burg and the uall bearing works at Stuttgart. Returning crewmen, who said the bombings were done visually reported good 'results Friday All targets of the daylight assault were deep inside Germany with the assault on Rcgenstnirg, iii ' southern Germany, requiring a roundlrip fligrht of more than 1 100 miles. The big liberators and flying fortresses drove 450 miles inside Europe to pound Stuttgart in southwestern Germany. Regensburg was last hit on Feb. 22 by the American 15th airforce, which hit the city's war plants with the greatest fleet of heavy bombers ever launched from the Italian theater. , Indicating that Friday's assaults may have been joined by Italy- based bombers for the 3rd 2-way punch within 24 hours, the Berlin radio said that American forma- front, but artillery lire broke up the thrust, and on the lower Garigliano sector German probing attempts were blocked. Despite a 7 inch snowfall in (he mountains around Cassino. allied troops improved (heir positions on Monle Castellonc iti the mountains west of Ihe village of Cairo, midway between Cassino and Tcrelle. The new German division added lo the 9 which have been containing Hie Anzio beachhead for ~" ' "* *~ ' " i i Senate Votes to Override Veto; Tax Bill Becomes Law Army Officers Favoring Axis Seize Argentina Government; Stettinius Voices Concern _ _ Planes Against ^ Yanks in 5 Days , London, (fl'j -- Official commun- iques showed Friday that Germany has lost 510 of her fighter planes while attempting to ward off the tremendous American daylight raids of the past 5 days aimed at pulverizing; nazi aircraft production. In addition the nazis have lost dozens of planes smashed on the ground. The United States has lost 170 heavy bombers. During the same period, the RAF announced the loss of 152 planes, in night operations which included 79 in the Feb. 20 Leipzig raid. iions had entered the rcich from the south. Jt add.cd violent aerial battles accompanied- the daylight TRY INFILTRATION--German troops arc reported trying- at night to infiltrate allied lines in the Anzio beachhead in an effort to strike British and American forces from the rear. Pointers indicate engagements which occurred at several points along the battle line. The Anglo- Americans remained on the defensive. soir-e 'days'was.-ssiri-'to have beo'ii. brought from northern Italy. It was identified as the 302nd infantry. The 2 beachhead attacks were launched by only a company of infantry in each case--usually about 200 men. They were repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy, it was announced. Allied artillery got the range of a German tank concentration near the so-called factory in the Carroceto area and forced it to dis- FORCE RAMIREZ TO RESIGN POST ATPOINTOFGIIN Revolt Keeps President From Announcing New, Liberal Government Montevideo, Uruguay. (U.R) An ultra-nationalistic clique of army officers who had opposed breaking relations with Ihe axis took over the Argentine government in a bloodless coup d'etal Friday after forcing President Pedro Pablo Ramirez to resign at gun point. Gen. Edelmiio Farrcll, vice- president, was designated lo succeed Ramirez by a revolutionary junta of fi gsnerais of which Farrell «as Scasso. a member. Adm. Leon a notorious pro-nazi but apparently not a member of the junta, reportedly was named vice president. Ramirez' resignation, taken from liim at his residence in Ihe Buenos of Olivos at sun '·To (he people of (he Argentine nation: "Tired by the intense duties of government, which force me to take a rest on this date. I delegate my power to the vice-president of the nation. Gen. Edelmiro J Far" Aires suburb point, read: perse. Although the Germans main- thrusts. The RAF'S night-ridiiiff bomb- En i we tok. Kwajalein. 380 miles west of The Tokyo radio previously told ln« Japanese of heavy damage suffered in the U. S. carrier at- !ack on Truk Feb. 16-17. What it ailed to mention, however, was that American battleships sailed :lose enough to the vaunted naval astion to sink a Japanese cruiser tying to flee. The bold American maneuw. was described in an interview at 3 earl Harbor by Lt. Cmdr. Wil- ram G. Privette, Chapel Hills, N. Car., a torpedo squadron com- riander. Lt. Cmdr. Harry W. Har- 'ison, 33, Miami Beach, Fla., a ighter squadron commander on he same carrier, related that af- cr the first day's attack he saw only 9 of about 30 ships left afloat n 2 anchorages, "and 3 of them veie burning." The officers agreed hat Japanese air opposition was veak. Between 19 and 26 enemy hips were announced as sunk, 'apan. with unusual frankness, idmitted the destruction of IB. Associated Press Correspondent /ern Haugland, who accompanied lie "Little Beaver" squadron on |s successful patrol-raid beyond iie Solomons, said the destroyers ombcd the once r busy shipping nes from Truk and Palau and found them empty." The Japa- ese ships sunk were caught oft ·Jew Ireland. iVot a single enemy lane appeared until the naval orce was en route back to base. ers were guided to both targets by the flaming wreckage left only a few hours before by the American daylight raiders. The British bombs added still further damage to Schweinfurt's sprawling ball bearing plants and to the German aircraft factory at Steyr, i Austria. U. S. headquarters announced that the powerful American air- rieet which flew from the west toined close contact against the allied beachhead, the passing of another day, the 5th. without major developments gave the 5th army valuable limp to strengthen its defenses against an expected 3rd full-scale German offensive. Swiss Gunner and Yank Flyer Radio Dialog Revealed London, (U.R)_The Berlin radio Friday reported this exchange of radio dialogue between American airmen and Swiss' anti-aircraft in old i gunners during an alleged Amcri- I can flight over neutral Switzer' land Thursday night: Swiss a c l c - a c l t commander: "Look out, you're over Switzerland. 7 ' American bomber pilot: "We know." rn buck and south Thursday shot do'.... 156 nazi planes. Eighth air force bombers downed 83 nazi planes ,,,,,,,... elm-ing their, attacks on Schwein- Swiss: "If yoU don't lu fm I and lighter plane factories at I we shall shoot."! Gotha while their accompanying fignters accounted for 37 others in terrific air battles. Bombers of the 15th air force attacking Steyr bagged 36 nazi fighters.- The Britain-based American forces lost 49 bombers and 10 fighters: the Italy-based formations lost 16 fortresses and 3 fighters with 2 other fighter'; missing; and the RAF T s night losses were 35 bombers. In Tuesday's 2-way punch, the first of the series of simultaneous assaults from west and south, the combined American forces shot down 133 German fighters. The British annorfiicemcnt said that Thursday night's heavy assault on Schweinfurt actually-was carried out in 2 separate raids "Schweinfurt. the German center of ball bearing production was the main objective and was attacked twice during the night." it -said. "Fires started Thursday by the United States 8lh airforce were still burning on the arrival of our first force. · "The target was effectively marked and by the end of the 2nd attack a great conflagration was seen with smoke rising to a great height. ''Objectives in northwest .Germany also were bombed and a very extensive mine laying program was completed. Thirty-five of our aircraft are missing/' Buy War Saving Bond's and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette earner boy. The Swiss gunners opened fire and the American pilot radioed back: \ "Your ack-ack fire is about 1,000 feet loo low." ''We know," the Swiss replied. Buy \Var Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. , , ' irilerior · minister in the Ramirez, -cabinet; led the revolt to prevent the president from making a radio address Thursday night in which it was reported, he would have announced the formation of a new, liberal government. A large number of troops from the Campo DC Mayo army garrison, under the command of Col. Eduardo Avalos. nro-nazt officer supporting Ferlinger, were placed along the outskirts of Buenos Aires Thursday night, but no fighting had, been reported early Friday although it was understood that some units of the army still were loyal to Ramirez. Ramirez, who succeeded Con. Arturo Kawson as president of the republic GO hours after the revolution of last June 4 in which President Ramon S. Castillo was ousted signed Ihe resignation, with Ihe space for his successor's narac left blank, al his home in Olivos, a suburb of Buenos Aires. The first version of the resignation said it was. made "due to the imposition ot "circumstances;" but "the leaders of the coup demanded that the wording be changed, and a 2nd resignation was written declaring that Ramirez was leaving the presidency because of "ill health." new coup d'etat give :="Erouncl for concern" and may raise questions affecting security of the hemisphere. Stettinius said these questions, vaised on the strength of incomplete reports on the Artjentiiiian situation, call for an exchange of information among the anti-axis American republics before decisions are reached on joint policy The overnight coup in Buenos Aires threw out, the government of President Pedro R a m i r e z which had broken relations with the axis, and had replaced it with a reportedly pru-nazi regime. Permitting himself to be quoted directly at his press and radio Conference Stettinius said: "Information r e g a r d. i n ° the overnight Argentine d e v c'l o p- menls is not complete bul is still coming in. The reports at hand do give grounds for concern. "It is quite possible that dues- lions may be raised affecting- (he security of the hemisphere which miffht well call for an exchange, of information ami views between the American governments." Stettinius said this was the only statement he could mak» now. He explained it represented the views of this government at the present time baaed on such reports as it has received thus far from Norman Armour, U. S. ambassador to Argentina, and from press and radio advices. . A dispatch from Montevideo Uruguay, across the river from Buenos Aires, said flatly that diplomatic representatives of the United States, Brazil, and Chile liftd already stated that the rievtf regime would not be rccognized ; by other American republics.. '.' It was considered sighificatit, though in a negative way'from the allied point of view, Hiat the coup hud come to block Ramirez!, intention ot forming a morcdib-' oral.government:-.. ' . ' i : . ··-· Similarly, it ivas considered no boon io the allied cause that Admiral Leon Scasso, one of the most notorious pro-nazis in Argentina and Ion? an opponent of collaboration with the democracies, may become vice president of the new regime. There was little attempt here to interpret the upheaval in Buenos Aires as anything; but a setback for the allied efforts to get Argentina's full and sincere co-operation with the other American republics. The united nations scored a belated diplomatic victory wh«n Argentina, under Ramirez, finally broke off diplomatic relations with Germany and Japan. It had been hoped Ihat vigorous, anti-axis steps would follow, such as elim- inalion of all axis agents from Ar- genline soil, curbing of nazi newspapers and ouster of anti-democratic factions from Ihc aovcin- mcnt. Dewey Candidates in Wisconsin Hold Fi rm (There was no elaboration the Montevideo report lhat president signed "at of the ,un point" Your newspaper boy pays his bill every week. Do you do your part by paying him every week! but Buenos Aires reported that the resignation was first demanded by a group of army officers who called at his home and that after he signed, the presidential residence was surrounded by troops and police.) Diplomatic quarters interpreted the coup as a last effort by the ixis to keep a base in the western hemisphere for espionage operations against Ihc allies. It was lie- lievcd that by designaliu K Farrcll president, the junta hoped to support an allegation that it was a normal constitutional succession, thereby retaining the diplomatic recognition of the other American republics. A high diplomatic source here said American diplomatic representatives in Montevideo probably would meet Saturday to sludy the question of diplomatic recognition Of the revolutionary government. The phrase in Ramirez" resignation delegating power lo Farrcll apparently was an attempt to stave off the question o[ recognition, a maneuver which will not be successful, according to this source. 22 With Commissions Say "Uncle" to Sergeant San Francisco, tjf)--Twenty-two commissioned army and navy officers have to say "uncle" to Fielding K. Smilh--and he's a staff sergeant. Four of his nephews are lieutenant colonels, 3 arc majors. 4 are captains, 8 arc lieutenants, one is a lieutenant commander and 2 are ensigns. Milwaukee, rtj'.Ri--Practically all ot Ihe 24 Dewcy-for-president candidates for election as dele- fates to the republican national convention will continue to run under t h a t designation regardless CLIMAX REVOLT AGAINSTF.R.BY 72T014ACTION Galleries Filled With Jostling Spectators; Pepper Makes Vain Plea (Tax features on Page 2) Washington, /Pi--With its gal- lenes overflowing with curious spectators, a- determined senate Friday climaxed the congressional, revolt against President Roosevelt's tax bill veto by making the measure a law with votes to spare. The overriding vote was announced by Vice President Wallace, presiding, as 72 to 14--or 16 more than the necessary two- thirds majority. At that instant the bill, which congressional sources estimate will yield about 52,315,000,000 in additional revenue annually, became law. Majority Leader Bavkley, principal IiRure iu the drama as a rc- sull of his sliurp denunciation of llic president's vclo message in Ihc senalc uu Wednesday, sluck by his announced intention to vole lo override Mr. Roosevelt. The vclo messugc sparked a congressional revolt which from the very start left scant doubt as lo the f i n a l outcome ot the tax bill, which the president called inadequate. The house acted quickly Thursday, setting aside the veto by a vote of 29a.(p 05. Spectators jostled for seats like bleacherites when the senate gal-\ ·Jeries were opened. . "'« /The visitors--most ol them ,. / \-omen--packed every seat in the - '" ' gallery and stood 2-dcep jgainst :the back walh long before Vice -'' President Wallace called the session to order. The spectators, chattering like a .i*heatcr crowd at'..an openinc, tuj;ncd_ into ^h.(ish«d-silence a* the reaaing-'^clcrfir' ;bcgiih driminr through the wonts of. the yet* message. Although the veto has been the subject of almost constant conversation and much bitter oratory, it was the senate's first fornW notice that the president haS v turned down the (ax bill. '·, ; Senator Hill (D-AJa.), the ma- ' i jonty whip, questioned the pres- '' : ence of a quorum as the session opened and the reading clerk be- More than GO senators were at their desks before he linished and others kept filing into the chamber during the reading of the mes- As the reading cleric finished there were cries of "vole." ''vole" from the floor. Vice Pi-esideiil Wallace, however, recognized Senator Pepper (D-FIa.) His voice trembling at times with emotion, I'eppcr boldly proclaimed his unwavering devotion to "liberalism" and Franklin D. Kooscvelt. With full knowledge, he said, that he stood with a small minority against overriding the veto Pepper solemnly declared: "I have nothing to gain except the inestimable satisfaction of ex- pi-essrng -my own conviction " JU5.BK52S «TM*'«-= * «u,,TM,, ,,,,, ,,,, A| ,,,, 4 S,; l 7r,rbJS'TM.,S", 1 £'\ S Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: R;mi changing ( o snow and colder Friday night: lowest temperature in Mason City 25; Saturday snow flurries and much colder; strong winds. Iowa: Showers changing lo snuw flurries late Friday nighl and ending by Saturday forenoon Decreasing cloudiness Saturdav afternoon. Warmer early Friday night becoming colder west and central portions late Friday night. Colder Saturday. Winds near 30 miles an hour diminishing Saturday. Minnesota: Snow north and rain or snow south portion early Friday night becoming moderate snow Friday night. Saturday partly cloudy with snow flurries east portion in the forenoon. Winds 25 to 30 miles per hour with considerable driftint; and blowing snow dinnnishins; j Saturday. Colder Saturday and north and west central portions ' Friday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Thursday -15 Minimum Thursday night :iO At 8 a. m. Friday " 33 YEAR AGO: Maximum 21 Minimum o afraid, he'said, that the defeat of Ihc president on the lax bill might alter "the permanent course and character of our party." Taking Ihc flour after Pepper finished. Senator Lucas (D-lll.), VICTORY SMILE--Sen. Alben Barklcy of Kentucky relaxes in · his Washinffton office with a broad smile of victory after be- ins rc-clcctcti democratic senate leader at a caucus of parly members during which he resigned in protest asainst President RooscvcHs veto of the lax bill. - · .

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