The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 12, 1945 · Page 1
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January 12, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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RTH IOWA'S ILY PAPER .TED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION [rnnri Utl v r ' mtliw * 6 * W^^W^^J|^ ^^^II^IJJ ^jM f * l ^%P% VU/ml?JLlJUL · · · · · · · " I 7 J "THE NEVWAHK THAT feg» MAKES ALL NQETH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" ^^ V ^^^ 111 1 1 j B ft* A a ^^ ft , to .p pto d Prt , yuniMedWir , a^o^.c^, MASON CICT. IOWA. FRIDAY. JANUAH1T 12 194. ' ' · ' * , _ I · ' ^' " . ' !__ . Thl» Patxt ComUU ol Two SecUon»-SecUoa On« NO O ALLIES GUT OFF 7 MILES OF BULGE American Patrols May Have Already Crossed Agno River Barrier ; .Gen. MacArthnr's Headquarters, '·-. Luzon. (U.R-- Tank-led 6th army : forces surged across the central Luzon plains on a 20-mile front '» Friday and field dispatches indicated patrols already may have thrust across the Agno river, 20 miles inland and 90 miles north of ! Manila. Veteran jungle troops ou the eastern flank of the Lingayen gulf beachhead were battling the first sizeable Japanese resistance of the . 4-day-old invasion along the road to Pozorrubio, 10 miles, inland from San Fabian, bat even that was .not in sufficient strength to constitute a serious threat. ."· (A Japanese communique, .the first in 48 hours,. siad the Ameri,cans had landed 2 infantry arid ona I tank divisions and had advanced '.'some distance" from San Fabian ·'despite "valiant" counter-attacks .by the Japanese garrison. "Heavy" 'fighting was said to be in pro- T'«ress.).;. . . .;, v (The , communique" also claimed at Japanese .planes on Monday c! 9 c J j \3 'cruisers,- and damaged 13 ^ ' - ' ; carrier, .2 carriers 'or ; and. 2 cruisers.) , : ! ' . The speed of the American advance iras threatening to overrun the Agno river, toward which the Japanese were rushing reinforcements for a desperate attempt to stem the drive on Manila. American combat patrols reached the river Thursday and were believed already to have struck across it on reconnaissance. Pushing dpwn.3 main highways from the Langayeri gulf, the 6th army captured Umanday, 6 miles south of Lingayen; Bulog, 6 miles inland from Dagupan, and Manaoag, 8 miles inland from San Fabian, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported in his 3rd communique of the invasion. · . ' However, all a cities, along wi Calasiao, between Bulog a n d Dagupan, were overrun more than 36 hours ago and it was likely that the 6th army now was approaching, if it had not already reached, the Agno in strength. .;. Ralph Teatsorth, United Press -war correspondent af^ 6th army headquarters, reported that troops on the western flank had seized an "important road 'junction" south of Umanday, but it was not clear immediately whether he was referring to Aguiiar, 4 miles away, or more-strategic Mangatarem, 18 miles inland. . The advance through Umanday moreover held a potential threat of outflanking the Agno river line, for the road runs along the west bank of the.-river until the stream turns sharply to the east at a point · southeast of- Magalarem. . The mouth of the Agno was secured with the capture of Labrador, 6 miles west of Lingayen, and it was possible that the allies might move troops and supplies down the river on shallow draft oarges and other landing craft. ·" MacArthur said the Japanese Still were suffering from the surprise of the landing on displace the mass of their forces from the south in sufficient ance met so far, a ... D » officer said, was that only , e period covered by the latest com- were "5 or 6 men." Light American reconnaissance planes already w e r e operating g - ep from the captured Lingayen air- considerably" in persuading s peo- · drome, but it w a s not known Pie to stay . on the job, although when land based fighters would he said broader national service be able to operate from it. legislation would be better. All types of planes' in the ar- "I'm short of help; we can't get senal of MacArthur's far eastern the help," he testified, referring air force air forces joined in attacks on e communications, and on airfields, A number of northbound artil- a r - s e e s m , e s lery and supply columns were very bad" problem " " dam« damaged. werc ? destroyed or tons , of bombs iag v *'*"-" ui * -njfljjijd s \,iar«. rnrr n · and Nichols fields, start- convince* large fires a n d destroying is better "" rf °"~ cnany enemy planes. V.S. i roops continue Drive on Luzon Plains RESISTANCE OF JAPS NOT YET SEVERE THREAT $19,181,962 Iowa Budget Proposed; Worn Adoption Might Mean Using Reserves By WALDO WIF«K 4ten univTcw r* tW.»r. Des Moines, By WALDO WIESE AND ROWEJVE C. BYE8S budget of $19,181,962 a year for the --_ ... -jv»r--*». MUUBBI ui ^.ISMOI.MOZ a year for the operation r,T··?£^Departments during the biennium beginning July J was in the hands of: members ot .the 51st general assembly Friday with the admonition that its adoption might* -make it necessary to draw on the *"*"*^ ** *"=i-cj53«n j LU uidw on me 'cash reserves of the state treasury The proposed expenditures are 51/174,626 more than the budget recommended 2 years ago and $558,208 more than the 1943 legislature finally appropriated. The budget is 51,118,188 less than was asked by-the various departments. The 342-page outline of proposed expenditures, presented to the lawmakers jointly by U. S Senator B. B. Hickenlooper, who resigned as governor Jan. 3 and Gov. Bobert D. Blue, contained this memorandum: "If the recommendations as shown in this report are adopted, it would appear that the operating budget (excluding capital) could be balanced during the next biennium only by drawing .in and using the entire amount from the general'fund in the hands of the various, county treasurers. "This, .in effect, is using up our cash balance and .eventually there must :be additional revenues secured, -a, property tax certified or a reduction in operating expenses." · ·' " . At the time the state property tax ,for ; general, revenue purposes was discontinued 3-years ago there remained in the hands of the county treasurers several million dollars. The budget message said that each year it -has been necessary to draxv from this balance to meet state expenditures. During the fiscal' year ended last June 30, $1,000,000 was drawn from county treasuries, and there was a balance on that elate of $12,318,943, By Januaz-y 1, that balance had been reduced to $8,301,087. The report also outlined previously announced requests of the state board of control, board of education and health department for a total of $17,578,363 for capital improvements during the next biennium. Included also was a recommendation of the committee on retrenchment and reform that $100 000 be spent to repair and refurnish the state capitol and grounds. One of the major reductions made by Hickenlooper and Blue was in the 5889,450 askings for the highway patrol, which they slashed almost in haft, recommending $450,000. In 1943, $449800 was appropriated for the pa- '-· . : - . -H... (All figures are for one fiscal year. Fiscal years begin ' · - . ' ' ; ' ' · - . . . - . . 1945 Ufw- DTe ^H e . nls "' ' Recommended Asking Public Instruction 5 476,450 $ 762,450 Executive-Council 2 92 100 315000 Governor's Office 25,000 21700 National'Guard . 50000 Public Safety 1,063,937 Tax Commission 154000 Men's Heformatory, Anamosa · '. 37o'400 Cherokee State Hospital 545 000 Clarinda State Hospital 535^000 Soldiers'Orphans' Home, Davenport 215,000 Training School for 803-5, Eldora .. 230 000 State, Penitentiary 426000 Glenwood State School 493500 Independence State Hospital 54l'ooo Iowa Soldiers' Home, Marshalltown 200 000 Training School for Girls, MitchellvUle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 800 Mount Pleasant State Hospital .... oSs'flOO th State Sanitarium, Oakdale 345,000 Women's Reformatory 45^000 Juvenile Home, Toledo lio'ooo Woodward Hospital .... 46o'flOO University of Iowa 2,505*000 University Hospital, Iowa City .... 1,100,000 Psychopathic Hospital, Iowa City .. 116,000 Hygienic Laboratory, Iowa City 82 700 Iowa State College . -: 2,720,000 Iowa State Teachers' College 740,000 School for Blind, Vinton . . . ' . 150,000 School for Deaf, Council Bluffs ... 287,000 350,000 1,678,362 157,486 386,000 545,000 535,000 215,000 230,000 445,000 490,000 545,000 200,000 100,000 525,000 345,000 45,000 110,000 460,000 2,505,000 1,100,000 116,000 82,700 2,720,000 745,000 150,000 . 287,000,* July 1») 1943 Auprop. $ 471,145 250,000 20,500 350,000 927,605 150,000 305,000 475,000 475,000 215,000 205,000 . , 390,000 440,000 485,000 198,000 85,000 460,000 285,000 45,000 110,000 400,000 2,580,000 1,100,000 116,000 82,700 2,642,500 725,000 140,000 259,100 Knudsen Asks Jail for Men Refusing Jobs Washington, (£)_Lt. Gen. William S. Knudsen said Friday criminal penalties would be preferable to army induction for men refusing to take or keep essential jobs. Knudsen, who gave up his post as head of General Motors to become a production "bottleneck buster," told the house military committee "it'would be bad" if t~*^ ^ «it jatiuiug on ijin-'ayen the arm y nad to accept men who gulf and had not yet been able to refused'to work in the war ef- disnlare tho ma« nf +,«;,* f n v AA - fort. , :. The "work or fight" legislation strength to offer serious resistance. on wnich ne testified provides for V Indicative . of the minor resist- Indnction into special army or nav work navy work "nits for men who draft high ranking navy work "nits for me t only 1 pris- shul thelr W* without , prs- oner was taken Wednesday, the Doard approval. While it applies . to H"se between 18 and 15, ro covere y e atest com- o "se eween 18 and 15, niunique,. and. American casualties Kn ««dsen said he believed rulion- Werp "5 fir R mer\ " al service frricl*4lAM t M * «n _ __ a! service legislation for all men ~_to 60 "would be better." bill, he said;'would "help , , to the airplane plant he runs -for cs on r a n e pan e runs -for trie roadi from · southern Luzon the army at Wright Field Day- clogged with troops and vehicles, ton, Ohio. He added that there is on railway installations and other a manpower shortage in the heavy ammunition industry ' Absenteeism, he said is still "a Sore, ·bsolutelr," Knodsen «* t» » westton by Rt (R-Mo.), if Ms 4t r«tn' But, be added, there men who just have to be told to work. Knudsen's testimony gave impetus to a move developing within the committee to substitute for the work corps section of the legislation a provision making unauthorized job shifters or men who refuse to work at the direction of a draft board liable to the civil penalties of the selective service act. The maximum penalty under this act is a 510,000 fine and 5 years imprisonment. . Chairman May (D-Ky.) r who earlier had set Friday as the last day for hearings on his nork-or- flent bill aimed at men between 18 and 45, said that further pnb- by the house military committee for next week. On Monday the committee will hear'spokesman for the American Federation of Labor. On Tuesday it will listen to Philip Murray, head of the CIO, whose organization will determine its stand on the bill at a meeting Saturday. Friday's witness schedule was headed by Lt. Gen. William S. Knudsen, the army's production shooter/ not be set up. Instead, he explained, there is r M nor light. interview. Report Russians Open Drive in Vistula Sector London, (/P)--The German radio _ lid Friday that the Russians had opened an offensive on a broad ront in southern Poland, striking from the Vistula bridgehead west of Baranow toward Krakow. The Russians established the Baranow bridgehead, 125 airline miles south of ruined Warsaw, during the summer. lu drives struck within 35 miles of en uy snearea on tl £oTisTkin« and'a clty'of °54 000 m " eS Ol the Be! S ia ? bulge Friday attacking waves were north °and sou* 3 fianks"ol the istern half of the salient. The U. S. 3rd. army penetrated .wice into the German south flank ' ietween Bastogne and Vianden in -uxembourg. The 1st army stabbed across the m river to .within 10 miles o f ' Vith. This action, with those the 3rd army, threatened to undercut any attempt by Field ·Haishal von Rundstedt to. hold ilonjr the course of the Ourthe river and yield only the western MAKING^VAY FOR AIRSTRIP_Lt. Victor P. Roberts of the U. sTehgineers'describes proposed Mmdoro island airstrip to Filipino family being evacuated from site 6SCnbeS British Reach Truce With EL AS Off icials TO EXCHANGE I Forces to Withdraw s, From Athens Area Athens. (JPJ--A truce has baen reached in this country's long and bloody civil war to enable left- wing ELAS representatives and the Greek government to discuss their fundamental differences, British headquarters announced Friday. "At the request of ELAS representatives hostilities will cease at 1 a. m. on Jan. 15 (6 p. m., CWT, Jan. 14)," said an official statement. The agreement was signed Thursday night by Lt. Gen. Ronald M. Scobie, British commander in Greece, and 4 ELAS delegates alter 2 days of conferences. By terrns of the truce all ELAS forces will withdraw from designated. areas, the ELAS will surrender all military prisoners they hold in exchange for an equal number to he released by the British, and all British civilians now detained will be turned, loose. The prisoner exchange provisions do not apply, however, to any Greek civilians held by the EAM (national' liberation front), civil police, an- official announcement said. Archbishop Damaskinos, newly- named regent of Greece; said he was "profoundly shocked to learn of the ELAS refusal to release innocent men and women taken as hostages in many thousands." ·Nevertheless,"' he said, "if the committee feels that in re-establishment I order . . . . I ahrready ,,, ° to facilitate a meeting between Greek government." ' ' . . The evacuation terms' provide that all ELAS forces must withdraw from the Athens area ; in- 18 and 45, said that further pub- u , ra j. Irom we Athens. area, · in- Hc hearings have been scheduled £ ,"/ ?P ora des, Euboea,.. and by the honse military committee ^lades islands to the -northeast, · east and -southeast. -By 1' a. m; Jan. 18 they must have retired west and north of a line running generally northward and east a point on the Gulf of Cor- somc 85 miles northwest of is, to a point on the east some 130 miles to the A shifting: of ELAS forces both into and out of the Peloponnesus is provided. Those normally resident there most return. If' now May reported that many mem- bearing arms elsewhere those nor- bers of his committee believe the raally resident elsewhere must army-navy work units proposed leave. British authorities .will sn- in his measure (for men who re- Pervise the transfers. ELAS evac- fuse to accept or retain jobs ne- nation of Zante island off the west cessary in the war effort) should coast of the Peloponnesus also is not be set IITI reauired. required. The truce stipulates further that -lun^vu, .it ^Ai**«3ucu, mere K ^ne truce supmaies lurther that growing sentiment for legislation the ELAS troops are to retire from to make these men liable to the the Salonika area by 1 a. m Jan penalties n«w provided by the 17 draft Uw-« fine of $10,OM mud The civil war developed when -- if they the ELAS troops, the armed mili- "·'·· itia of the leftist EAM, were or- ,, T . es , were or- TM1!S2J! I ,. b f lieve ' « do Bother dered to surrender thehr weapons members, that some . punishment after Greece had been virtually J'l provided, I 'am not cleared of Germans. The ELAS d to the Pfopofal to create which operated as guerrillas duc- work units," May said in an ing the . occupation; opposed the rightist EDES and declines to fol- low the Greek government then in power. ; . v4 sh °'s.''.Avere.'-.· fired Bee. 3 as .S^lg^Uci8i»JB^..tt:f.biBBakiUp. fin:, jsuVMj: -'dCJDftonstitJbVii? r -XbCr 5 iii-^ CJoenL'quijlc3T^-' ; g^^,jg[Q'-'Q|^£j-,TMi- that-stretched^'through -^uiosi^ot Greece. British, troops went into action. The 'ELAS were fully cleared from Athens only last weekend. At last reports British troops had pursued the guerrillas northward to within 10 miles of Lamia, about 90 miles from the capital. Other British forces were reported near Corinth 45 miles to the west. ' Injuries Suffered in Amateur Boxing Match Fata! to Youth Minneapolis, (U.P.)--The death of William Krutzig, Jr., 20, was attributed to brain hemorrhage resulting from injuries suffered, in an amateur boxing match. Dr. Russell Hcim, Hennepin county coroner, conducted a postmortem and revealed'that no surgery could have saved the youth's life. ' Krutzig, who took up boxing only recently at the Elliot Park settlement house, was fatally injured in his first competitive boxing match. He was knocked out in the first round and when he failed to gain consciousness within a reasonable length of time, he was removed to St. Mary's hospital, where- he died Thursday noon. STAB INTO NAZI Yanks Gain With Advent of Better Weather Rome, (/P)--American 5th army raiding parties stabbed deep into enemy territory Friday as patroi activity was stepped up with the advent of better weather along the entire Italian front. Canadian units ofjthe 8th army facing desperately'resisting nazi units along the Reno river, increased the tempo of battle is that sector at the southern end of the narrow spit of land separating the Cornacchio lagoon from the Adriatic sea. Allied headquarters said "ver.y strong" f o r c e s of fighters and fjghterbombers r a n g e d over northern Italy, continuing their assault on enemy communications and stores, as well as front-line installations. ',, Despite bad weather Thursday headquarters said a force of British and American l i g h t navai craft engaged an enemy convoy southeast of Genoa, scoring tor pedo hits on 2 lighters and prob able hits on a 3rd. KILLED NEAR AACHEN Hollywood, (ff'/--Cpl. Dan Brennan, Jr., 32, nationally known archer and big game hunter, ha- been killed in action iiear Aachen his parents say they' have beer I notified. WINTER AT THE FRONT-- Pvt. Charles Preston of Nich- otasville^Ky, brushes snow from the .30 caliber machine gun mounted on his jeep in the northern sector of the western front. Jeep's windshield is smashed below gun. NAZIS CONTINUE WITH THRUSTS ATSTRASBOURG Allies Gouge Into Flanks of German Salient in Belgium St lomplete.ly wiped out by fire from our guns, mortars and infantry weapons," the Germans asserted. "Succeeding columns w h i c h reached the main battle lines were forced back in extremely violent fighting. Bitter fighting is going on for some penetration areas. ''Russian losses in the first hours -- the battle were extremely heavy." When the Russian offensive ground to a stop beyond Barnow . during the summer, the Russians T ," ?"" yleld OK saii they were within 80 miles or u of ms salient. so of German Silesia, 2nd only to """ " the Ruhr as a German arsenal. Silesia is rich in coal and iron and studded with war plants. At that time, the Hussions also m LIIUI uiuu, me Russians aiso ^^ *"'" oiu armies naa netted iaid they were within 18 miles of more than 30,000 prisoners, killed *·;»)/.,, i^nonni ,,,,,) ,*, ~ c *,.- .·_ Kielce and 17 of the im- , portant Polish city of Tarnow. The Russians have another Vistula bridgehead closer to Warsaw .-..*. . u *4i.4 Polish plain over which the Germans say the Russians struck -is an historic invasion route and one of the easier approaches to, Berlin. The plains lie north of the rugged Carpathian mountains, south of which other Russian forces are striking through western Hungary within 44 miles of Austria, . -84 oi {Vienna and Sl' ~ , . .bt.-ihp iSIpyak^l capital -~dt vfC^Jiyse^T^.JiiiiV. :^. uncounted thousands of Germans and destroyed at least the equiva- eivt of 6 or 7 divisions of tank's. The 6th army group in Aisace- -.orraine, where the Germans :hreatened Strasbourg in diversionary attacks, had bagged another 5,294, captives in the current campaign. ' ' At points the Belgian salient riow) is only 7. miles wide. As the Sermans withdrew in near zero weather fronj the west, supreme headquarters announced tbat lirm contact'-had been..established t\uo*ir» :* D-M-t-fr-U ..: -- _: _', :_· · j\ His Left to Shake Hands Des Moines, (£)--Gov. Robert D. Blue preferred, when s h a k i n g hands Friday, to use his left hand. At his reception Thursday night following f o r m a ] inauguration Thursday he shook hands, he estimated, with more than 3,000 persons in about 3 or 4 hours. But that wasn't all. Following a dinner at a hotel Thursday night before he went to the statebouse for the reception his leather heeled shoes slipped on the marble floor and he fell. In the fall he stuck out his right hand to cushion the fall, and so Thursday his handshaking hand was pretty sore. The governor attended the funeral at Marshalltown Friday of Sen. B. C. Whitehill, who died as the 51st general assembly convened Monday. The governor said he planned to issue a proclamation Saturday providing for the election of a senator to succeed Whitehill, who had been nominated by the republican senate majority for president p'ro tempore of the senate. REPORT COAL SHORTAGE Mount Ayr, (if)--Residents-here have been reported burning large trees felled by an ice jam last December because of the coal shortage. It look but a little more than 3 hours to dispose of a carload of coal Thursday, with each purchaser getting no more than' 1,000 pounds. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday. Colder Friday' night. Lowest temperature about 10 above. Iowa: Mostly cloudy and colder agaii night. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Friday nighi, Saturday b e c o m i n again Saturday night. and Saturday IN ftJASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 32 Minimum Thursday night 24 At 8 a. m. Friday 24 Snow . Tracc YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 14 Minus 2 Paris, (/PJ--Allied armies appar- intly sheared off the western 7 . The Germans appeared to have lulled all but the last delaying ·earguards from the western end f the Ardennes bulge, where the st and 3rd armies had netted tweea v.-Britjslj.i.foiMes' , : and: ;tbe .Arner}can.:3ra!. a rmy ' rieair ; SK'H berfi That' anchor-town- ^ The southwest end of the b t i e heretofore had been fluid, covered only- by patrols. Pressure from north and south had kept the Germans from, risking a further advance. The westernmost 7 miles of the salient were regarded at supreme headquarters as good as pinched off, although there was no 'official word of actual contact between British a n d . American forces east. of the huge, hilly St. . Hubert forest. The woods, however, are vir- , , re vr- tually impassable for cross country movement in the slush and mow. The Americans have cut !he only road along the southern flank and presumably were quite near the British who penetrated to -hamplon, 13 miles west of Hout- falize, before encountering opposition. Exclusive of Friday's action, the U. S. 1st army had bagged 18,348 since' Dec". 16; the 3rd 11,360; and the American 7th in Alsace Lorraine 4,901. Against the 7th and the French 1st armies in the south, however the German 1st and 19th armies were hitting with increased armor, and threatening Strasbourg from positions 0 miles north and 10 south. Heinrich Himmier, gcstapo chief and German home army commander, perhaps was directing the attack on both sides of the Alsatian capital. French troops, apparently surrounded because they were supplied by air, lost Oberheim 15 miles south of Strasbourg The allies lost HerrUshcim. 12 miles northeast of the city of 193 000 on the Rhine. A staff officer with Field Marshal Montgomery said the Germans had pulled all their forces from the shell splintered forest west of the Laroche-St. Hubert road, a difficult tract of about 120 square miles. The nazis, however, still had remnants of some divisions behind the Qarthe west of -jast 13 towns fell to allied arms on the western front. The 1st and 3rd army prisoner total since Dec. 16 rose to 29,648. .uuwj «i*j w iuiv»«L The Germans, admittedly giving except much colder northeast U P the western half of the Ar- portion Friday night. Saturday dennes salient, still fought hard partly cloudy becoming warm- delaying actions against American er again in the afternoon and and British troops west of the steep banked Ourthe, which flows through fallen Laroche. Enemy resistance was offered to screen the removal of as much transport , cloudy with occasional light and equipment as possible. snow north and extreme west Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd portions. Slightly colder north army advanced 2 miles northwest- and much colder south portion ward to enter St. Hubert, last im- Fnday night becoming warmer portarit road center in the salient amm Rainrr^v =,,, :=,,,,.,,.,. between the 3rd and 1st armies. The town is 14 miles west of Bastogne. Throughout the salient, the 3rd army noted German withdrawals eastward. "The. Germans may make a stand along a 16-mile line from 4 miles northeast of Bastogne to Houffalize to Vielsalm," AP Correspondent Thoburn Wiant messaged from the 3rd army front. "It also is possible that the Germans may withdraw to the forti-

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