The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 20, 1936 · Page 1
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April 20, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Monday, April 20, 1936
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A conr ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED W1KE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 167 Roosevelt's Job Program What Does His New Campaign Slogan Mean? By CHAKLES F. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (CPA) -- Presi-. dent Roosevelt's recent Baltimore speech generally has been taken i n Washington, a n d I suppose e l s e w h e r e throughout the country, as implying that the white house tenant is particularly interested now in the relief of unemployment. This is accepted as a highly p r a i s e w o r t h y program. Business is improving. Maybe that does not need to be much further worried about-.f business continues on the upgrade But unemployment is nearly as rife as Iwr That, then, is the problem to be concentrated on henceforward The president has quite a clear idea as to what should be done. In the first place, shorten the working day or the working week, or both. Guaranteed Income. Second, give the worker a guar- PLEDGE RESCUE OF TRAPPED MEN Control of Ethiopia Mussolini Price for Peace BRIMlTTACK* ALLEGED USE OF speaking. Third, keep youth, below the age, say of 18, out of the labor market So pension off superannuated workers, at 65 or thereabouts Shortening the day or week or D0 th was the earliest suggestion, made under the Hoover regime when the depression se t '"·"*£* referred to as a share-the-work Report Urges plan. but Friendly to It- were - friendly to it, nM"to·cut'pay in pro- if^-employer -had 'two eiEiii" iivu*..r-«· ·*--j _ %,_ thought .he could do with one he was filing to retain, botn on a four hour each a day basis but .at one-half of his previous eight hour a day a worker wage. Perhaps this would have been some consolation to the worker who, otherwise, was due to go 100 per cent overboard, but 50 per cent less ihan none to the one who hoped to he retained 100 per cent on the pay- r0l ln other words, the notion -was to make labor bear.the whole expense of the depression. No Wage Cuts. president Roosevelt proposes that hours or days shall be cut with no ° WhfcliTfrom the employers' standpoint, must be equivalent to a stiff aggregate wage increase--no more pfr mV but more men to deliver the old-time volume of production. What follows? · .-·- Why, the employers, to maintain the profits of their respective industries in the face o f - a n increased overhead, boost prices to consumers Living costs rise; the worker, while getting, in dollars and cents, as much as ever, can buy less with it. In effect, his pay has been cut anyway. Three Groups at Odds. ·Labor's pay isn't cut. Consumer- dom isn't mulcted. Then the difference must come out of the industry's dividends. There are-three groups at odds. There is a fourth group and a .miserable one--management. It has consumerdom to reckon with. Also labor. It can see how they may be reconcilable. But when it turns to capital, which has financed the whole thing upon billions of watered stock, it gets the answer: , Never Were Invested. - " O u r dividends upon billions!-that never were invested!" Thus, even intelligent management is handicapped. As to a fixed annual income, the federal government, of course, has nothing to say. Nor can it promise regular annual ; incomes. The question of youth in the in:, dustries Still pends on the corres- i - ponding amendment to the constitution. Old age pensions are dependent ', also on state legislation in part. \ , · ) Hunt Two Men Who \ Broke Tipton Jail / DES MOINES, (.T--The- state } bureau of investigation Monday directed a hunt for two men who of- i ficers were advised broke jai! at Tipton. The men, booked under the ; : names of Alvis Cliff. 23. and Nelson Burmeister, 20, were missing from , their cells In the Cedar county jail ,. Monday morning. GAS BY ITALIANS Populace of Addis Ababa Evacuates as Fascist Army Nears. BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The diplomatic feud between Great Britain and Italy broke out on the floor of the league of nations council Monday shortly after Italy had made known that its price for peace in Ethiopia was virtually the whole of the East African nation. Anthony Eden, Great Britain's foreign secretary, attacked Italy's alleged use of poison gaa saying it "cannot be passed over in silence." Baron Pompeo Alois! of Italy answered: "I would remind the representative of Great Britain that the Italians who have been victims of atrocities also have mothers and children." Pleads for Conciliation. The French delegate pleaded for the continuance of conciliation efforts "until they are crowned with success." The Russian delegate said the league was weakened by "the lack of certitude that all members will act together against any aggressor." Baron Alois! told, the council H Duce's terms for an armistice were "occupation of all centers of mobilization including the capital itself, and frontier points through which arms may be delivered to Ethiopia." · -.-Both-"Baron'~Aloisi and ' Wolde Mariam, Ethiopia's delegate to the league, .spoke in answer to the report - of Salvador de Madariaga, chairman' of · the conciliation committee of 13 to the league council. Only Through League.. . . Ethiopians representative reiterated his country's .stand that peace negotiations must be conducted only through the-league and in the spirit of the covenant. .After hearing the delegate's of the belligerent nations, the council met in a private session and drew up a resolution ' deploring the failure of the two nations to negotiate for peace and called upon Italy, as one of the founders of the league, to I bring to.an end her conflict in East Africa. While the council met at Geneva, the populace of Addis Ababa began exodus from the capital after Nationalized Arms Plants WASHINGTON. (SI--The senate munitions committee- recommended in a majority report Monday the nationalization of enough industrial plants to produce warships, guns and powder for the peace time needs of the army and navy.. It was a split committee that handed in the report, however, for a minority protested that nationalization was not desirable. Supporting the majority views were Chairman Nye (R-N. Dak.), Clark (D-Mo.), Pope, (D-lda.) and Bone, (D-Wash.). The ·minority view was presented by Senators Vandenberg (RMich.), George (D-Go.), and Barber, (R-N. J.). Government Ownership. "The committee majority," the report said, "recommends government ownership of facilities adequate for the constrcuction of all warships by the navy department, also all gun forgings, projectiles, and armour plate, and of facilities adequate for the production of powder, rifles, pistols and machine guns necessary for the war department. "The majority believes that the war and navy department can produce from their own ranks or employ sufficient able technicians to operate these plants successfully." Local Political Pressure. The minority said that if large govercnment plants are erected 'there will be inevitable local political pressure to maintain these plants at full capacity production regard- ess c-f actual defense needs, and the result will be to encourage armament rather than disarmamnt. "The minority believes," it continued;'"that if-all- production be thus concentrated in government plants,- furthermore, there will be no adequate corrolary reliance, through private manufacture, in the event of a war emergency unless the nationalized facilities are maintained at-a needlessly extravagant and dangerous rate during peace time. Would Boost Costs. "The minority believes, on the other hand, that unless these facilities are kept on a fulltime production basis during peace years the unit cost of production will increase to a point which will create higher costs to the government than would be available through normal, private purchase. "In other words, the committee minority believes that the public .welfare, from the standpoint of peace, defense and.economy, can be reports of the approaching fascist army.- Foreigners Seek Safety. The foreign residents of the city flocked to the foreign legations for protection. Many persons, of all nationalities, beseiged the well-guarded British legation to permit them to enter. The Italian southern army con tinued its drive on Harar, dispatches reporting a fascist victory near Bir- cut, after a four day battle. Meanwhile more Italian soldiers sailed from Italy to assist in the conquering of Ethiopia. With the increasing successes ol the fascist army in Ethiopia, the London Times printed a warning to Italians that occupation of - Addis Ababa would not culminate their work of aggression. Future in Reckoning. The authoritative British newspaper said the whole economic and financial future of Italy, would "be counted in the reckoning." . The 47th birthday anniversary of Reichsfuehrer Hitler was an occasion for the largest military parade held in Berlin since the war. ' " Tanks, armored cars, infantry, and other mechanized units passed in review before Hitler, who greeted the newly strengthened army from a balcony of the chancellory. ' Crowd Greets Tanks. The crowd greeted the nearly 300 tanks lustily. Retired army officers standing at the side as the parade passed, added a touch of color with their old fashioned spiked World war helmets. From Paris, however, came a charge against the "alleged military plans of the Reich. French officials charged that Germany was buying strategic islands in the Atlantic for use as war time operations bases. The assertion specifically stated that a Portuguese island off North Africa had been leased for German use as a naval base, under the guise of being rented for civil purposes. FASCISTS HELD READY FOR NATIONAL MOBILIZATION ROME, W--Orders went out Monday to all fascists organizations to hold themselves in readiness for what was believed to be a national better servd by rigid and conclusive munitions control than by nationalization except in a few isolated in stances." HAMM SUSPECTS HELD IN ST, PAUL 'Big Fitz"'Arrives;' Granc Jury to Hear Evidence on Tuesday. ST. PAUL. (IPi--Shackled and un der heavy guard, Charles (Big Fitz Fitzgerald, charged with being om of the principals in the $100,001 kidnaping of William Hamm Jr. young brewery head, was brough here from Los Angeles by trail Monday. Two others already ar held in jail here. Fitzgerald was named by ths de partment of justice as the man wh clasped Hamm's hand on June It 1933, and said "Hello, Mr. Hamm, as two accomplices seized and fore ed him into an automobile a blocl from his office. Despite reports from Washington, George F. Sullivan, U. S. district attorney, said he did not plan to arraign Fitzgerald Monday but would wait until after Tuesday's grand jury made its report. Six of the seven men against whom indictments will be sought already are held or serving prison terms, while the other, Alvin Kr- pis, public enemy No. 1, still is being sought for both the Hamm and Edward G. Bremer abductions, the latter for $200,000 ransom in 1934. Evidence in the Hamm case will be presented to the grand jury Tuesday by Sullivan, following thiee new arrests announced Saturday. The new arrests were those of John Pfeifer, St. Paul gambler; Edmund C. Bartholmey, former Ben- penville, 111., postmaster, and Fitzgerald. mobilization. The general meeting would be ON THE INSIDE F. F. FAVILLE Faville Decides Not to Enter Race for Senate ON PAGE 10 Oldest Physician at Hampton Succumbs ON PAGE 10 Prospects for Wai- Discussed by Byers ON PAGE 4 Sheriff Starts Campaign /on Lights and Licenses ....ON.PAGEJA. . Cub Gazette Ranked Superior in Contest ON PAGE 14 FOUR BANDITS HOLD UP BANK AT SIOUX CITY BULLETIN SIOUX CITY, (fP--Four armed bandits held up and robbed the Morningside State bank here at 2:30 p. m., Monday and kidnaped four bank officials and employes. Herring Makes Visit to Liquor Store and Reports Satisfaction DES MOINES, April 20. W--A visit of one hour in the Des Moines state liquor store No. 1 to see how the system is working, Gov. Clydf Herring said Monday, impressec him "not only with the efficiency o the system but also with the high class of its customers." Men and women made their pur chases in an orderly department store routine, the governor said, anc he saw "no signs of intoxication. He visited the store during a bus} period Saturday evening. TfeWeather FORECAST similar to that which marked the beginning of the Italo-Ethiopian war and an authoritative source indicated that the new mobilization would mark the entrance of Italian troops into Addis Ababa. IOWA: Unsettled Monday night, thunderstorms in cast and south Monday afternoon or Monday night with much colder Monday night; Tuesday'becoming generally fair, much colder. MINNESOTA: Unsettled and colder Monday night, becoming generally fair Tuesday, with colder in extreme south. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday ""' Minimum in Night 50 At S A M. Monday SI Kainfall .07 of an Inch Figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum Saturday 5S Minimum in Niffht SS At 8 A. M. Sunday 59 Sunday brought the highest temperature of 1936. It was April as North lowans would like to have it. INCREASED IOWA FARM INCOME IS SEEN THIS YEAR R o b e r t s of University of Iowa Author of Prediction. IOWA CITY, (.-TV--Richard H. I Roberts, University of Iowa research associate, predicted Monday that Iowa's farm income, keystone of the state's prosperity, will be greater this year than in 1935, a boom year in comparison with the early thirties. The prediction was made in a study of the economic effects of the corn-hog program in Iowa printed in the Iowa Journal of History and Politics, official publication of the state historical society. "If marketings and prices are maintained in 1936 as analyzed, owa farm income should be consid- rably greater in .1936 than in 1934 nd 1935, and probably no less for he invalidation of the AAA," Robrts said. Official estimates placed cash in- ome of Iowa farmers as 467 rail- on dollars last year, a gain of 44 millions over the previous year. Kcports of Supplies. Reports of supplies of grain and ivestock now on hand and an analysis of market conditions and the jperation of the new soil conserva- .ion program formed the basis of Roberts' prediction of continued 'ains in farm prosperity. He foretold a gain in the income from" hogs,"iriain cash crop of Iowa iarmers. Marketing of hogs during 1936 will be considerably heavier than during the previous year, and the average price received by farmers ;or hogs should not be below the average of 1935 unless new hog processing taxes are levied, he said. Keep Marketings Down. "The elimination of the old pro- ·essing tax of $2.25 a hundred pounds plus the expected increase in domestic demand for pork during 1936 should tend to offset all tendency of the increased market- ings to reduce hog prices paid to farmers," Roberts explained. "Already the $22,000,000 due Iowa farmers upon 1936 corn-hog contracts is flowing out to contract signers. Furthermore, the new soil conservation program will provide additional benefit payments to farmers for increasing their acre- ages of hay crops and permanent pasture. "Such a program will operate automatically to control the acreage of corn and other grains used in the production of livestock. It is expected that under such a program the production of feed grains will be maintained at the level justified by the livestock needs for feed grains. No Grain Surplus. "By this technic there will be no overwhelming surplus of grains, no precipitous declines in their prices, no extremely wide ratio between the prices of feed grains and livestock, and, therefore, no powerful impetus to overexpand livestock production." In an analysis of the effects of the invalidated AAA reports said corn-hog program cash benefits helped Iowa farmers weather the drought and that production control effectively maintained higher prices. He added, however, that "the prime necessity at this date is control of corn acreage in 1936 to stem a further decline in corn prices and a 1937 overexpansion of hog production." Where 3 Were Trapped in Mine Rescuers are shown rtitrgins 1 to free three men entombed in (he Moose River gold mine at, Moose River, Nova Scotia, where they were, entrapped by a cavein. At the upper right is H. R. Miigill, Toronto lawyer, who died of hunger and exposure, nnd at the lower left is Dr. D E Robertson, chief surgeon of the Toronto Hospital for Children, part owners of the mine who were trapped with Charles A.. Scadding, their timekeeper. Wisps of smoke from a wood fire caused the investigation which revealed the ciivcin. Map shows location of mine. (Central Press) Deposits in Iowa State and Savings Banks Gain Bates Reports Nearly SHOWER COOLS OFF NORTH IOWA Mason City Has .07 of Inch After Mercury Hits 7 7 Over Week-End. North Iowa had a warm weekend, the mercury climbing to 77 in Mason City Sunday afternoon, but a shower during the night had cooled things off considerably Monday. Mason City recorded .07 of an inch of rainfall. The weather bureau at Des Moines foresaw thunderstorms and unsettled conditions in the offing. The state's high Sunday was 82 at Inwood and Sioux City and Monday morning's low was 26 at Marshalltown. Over the state the marks were 10-15 degrees above normal. ROOSEVELTSTO ATTEND FUNERAL Howe Funeral Will Be Held Tuesday Afternoon at White House. WASHINGTON. W(--President and Mrs. Roosevelt will journey from the white house Tuesday night to attend the burial of Louis McHenry Howe, friend and secretary, at his former home. Fall River, Mass., on Wednesday morning. Funeral services for Howe, who died in his sleep Saturday night at the naval hospital here, will be held in the east room of the white house Tuesday afternoon. President and Mrs. Roosevelt will banns as $OTO.OOU,UDJ.. an m- accompany Mrs. Howe and her fam- of nearly $52,000,000 over I ily to Fall River, leaving Wasnmg- 16 Million Increase in Two Months. DES MOINES, (-T)--D. W. Bates, state banking superintendent, reported Monday that deposits in Iowa state and savings banks increased nearly $16,000,000 in the first two months this year. His report on the condition of the 542 banks under supervision listed deposits of $329,575,015 the close of business March 4. This was a gain of $49,503,241 over March 4 last year and an increase of $15,710,212 over Dec. 31, 1935'. Bates attributed much of the increase to higher farm prices. "Selling a hog at Sll a hundred is a'heck of a lot better than at $5 a hundred," Bates said. List Total Resources. The report listed total resources of the banks as $366.880,561. an increase of nearly $52,000,000 over March 4 last year. Loans made by the banks total $187.769,379, a gain of nearly $38,000,000 during the year. The average reserve in all banks on March 4 was 32.34 per cent, the report said. Increased resources during the two month period were itemized as follows: Loans and Discounts. Loans and discounts $7,096.578, United States securities $1,897,875, overdrafts $45.426, federal reserve bank stock $2,400, credits subject to sight draft $10,158,904, and banking house and fixtures $17,824. Decreases w e r e : Government guaranteed securities $1,302.473, real estate other than banking houses 586.609. cash in vault $1.472.099, and other resources $76,061. Changes in liabilities for the two months showed the following gains: Capital $37,500, surplus fund $119.- j 750. undivided profits $450.145, and I THREE VICTIMS, ONE DEAD, ONLY FEW FEET AWAY Crews Dig B l i n d l y in Direction They Hope Is Right One. (CopyritW. 19M. i»- The A««icl»lcd Prcsn.) MOOSE RIVER, N. S.,--While rescue crews, nearing exhaustion, picked blindly at underground rock in the direction they hoped was right, men on the surface promised Monday afternoon that they would reach within two hours two men still living after eight days below ground. ' Dr. D. E. Robertson, part owner of the Moose River gold mine, and Charles Alfred Scadding, his timekeeper, were still living. Dr. Robertson's partner, Herman R. Magill, Toronto lawyer, was dead. 9 a. m., when Dr. Robertson reported that he and Scadding could "hold out at least 12 hours longer." Shout Down Pipe. The trapped men came back to a miniature microphone which had been lowered to them to ask: "When are you going to blow the shaft? Are you going to blast?" The men on the surface could not use the telephone line for their answer, for it was set up for one way communication only. They shouted down the pipe through which the wire was strung that they were not blasting, that they were making an entrance into the prison chamber, they hoped, by pick and shovel. Expect to Get Out. The men below asked: "Do you expect to get us out today?" "Yes!" · "Thanks--Will you get us out in one hour's time?" "No." "Will you get us out in two hours' time?" "Yes." It was apparent from other portions of the conversation that the men below were having- difficulty in moving and that they intended to sit still and to wait for the rescue party to come through. The rescuers, a short time after they had estimated that they only had five feet to go through solid rock to reach the entombed men, said they were afraid they had missed the old Meagher shaft where the men were caught. Make Cross Cut. They started at once to make a cross cut from their dangerous ga!- lery in an effort to tap the tomb of living men. Magill, alive Sunday succumbed during the night, apparently to hunger and exposure. Veteran miners were digging from two directions to get at the trapped men. F. D. Henderson, mine manager, had predicted rescuers would get through the crumbling- tunnels before noon. The miners were burrowing in through loose rocks with- ton tomorrow night. From Fall River, the president will go to his home at Hyde Park, N. Y~.. to remain until Saturday when he will motor to New York to keep an engagement to speak that night before the national democratic clubs. He then will return to Washington. deposits $15,710,212. Bills payable decreased S6.707, and other liabilities $29,135. Story County Appeals Judge Clock Ruling on State's Gasoline Tax DES MOINES, (.Pi--Story county appealed to the supreme court from District Judge Sherwood A. Clock's decision upholding the constitutionality of the state's gasoline tax. Judge Clock ruled against the county in a suit by the state treasurer to collect $235 for taxes on gas used by Story county cars. The county challenged "the form of passage" of the. tax law and also ] claimed the state could not tax a ' ' sub-division. out stopping to timber up their passages. Communications Improved. Communications between the surface and the 141 foot level where the men are trapped were improved Monday morning by the lowering of a tiny microphone on a slim wire through a five inch pipe for which an opening had been bored by a diamond drill. Into this microphone, Dr. Robertson said: "You needn't get through to us for 10 or 12 hours or longer. We can hold out." Mrs. Robertson heard her husband's words. She shouted down through the pipe: "Good. We are corning. We will be there." The doctor responded: "We are all right." Trapped Easier Sunday. The three men were trapped Easter Sunday night when an area of land 400 feel long. 75 feet wide, collapsed and sank 13 feet. Since then rescuers have met repeated disappointments in efforts to reach the 141 foot level of the Magill shaft where the men w«re trapped. Attempts were made through the old Archibald and Meagher shafts, but had to be abandoned because the cavein had blocked them far below the surface. A new shaft, blasted through solid rock to meet the Meagher slope below the affected area, missed its mark and was abandoned. While those approaches were bring tried another crew opened the "death shaft" to within 15 feet of the men. Knew He Was III, Surface workers had known Ma- Kill was ill before his death was rr- i ported. He had been heard cough-

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