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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF . H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED, WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1943 THIS PAPEJi CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 77 F. R.: WILL RIP AXIS IN '43 Reds 75 Miles From Rostov GAIN 50 MILES ON LOWER DON IN ONLY 2 DAYS Germans No Longer Offering Organized Resistance in Caucasus By ROGER D. GREEXE Associated Press War Editor Soviet quarters reported Thursday that Russian troops had advanced within 75 miles of the great German base at Rostov, pivot lor all nazi operations in the Caucusus, and ripped through German lines on :i 20-mile front along both sides ot the lower Don river. * * * Front-line reports said Russian troops sweeping westward along- the Don had pushed forward 50 miles since capturing the Don bridgehead of Tsimly- ansk two days ago. Soviet dispatches said the triumphant red armies of the south had captured at least 21 more cities and lawns and listed 339,150 axis soldiers killed or taken prisoner since the start of the Russian winter offensive Nov. 19. Adolf Hitler's high command, still giving the German people no hint of the disastrous turn of everits,'-.-assertea flatly that~nazi infantry and : tanks "repulsed air soviet attacks in continued fighting in the Don and Kalmyck sectors." The headlong nazi retreat appeared rapidly assuming the .aspects of a debacle. * * * London quarters said the speed of the soviet come-back drive through the Caucasus indicated that the Germans were no longer offering: organized resistance, and were intent only on setting up a defense line nearer Rostov in an attempt (o prevent the Russians from trapping all their forces to the east. * * Â¥ A soviet war bulletin said the Red armies, hotly pursuing the retreating nazis, had advanced 25 miles northwest of newly-rccap- tured Prokhladnenski to the rail way station at ApolonsRaya. al most hallway to Mineralnye Vody, the hub of a network of central Caucasus railways. Paralleling this drive, another Russian column raced northwest from Nalchik, advancing 15 miles to a cluster of towns. * * * As the Russian offensive surged on without pause, overrunning '" hours great stretches of territory which the Germans took weeks to capture last fall, it bc^an to appear that Hitler had ordered a general withdrawal or that the nazi Caucasus front was collapsing on a wide scale. * * Â¥ The 25 mile advance to Apolon- skaya indicated a 55 mile gain for the Russians since the fall of Nal- chik Monday night. A broadcast of Russian com- muniques, picked up by the Soviet Monitor in London, said the red armies had captured 13 more towns and two railway stations in the Caucasus and eight more towns in the drive across the middle Don steppes toward Ros- tov. One of these towns in the Don valley. Marinsk, lies 92 miles northeast of Hostov and 25 miles west of Tsimlyansk. which the Russians captured Tuesday. * * * Along with the apparent crumbling of r.azi resistance in the Caucasus and lower Don, soviet headquarters reported sharpening attacks in the new 'Russian offensive " w e s t of Stalingrad" where the remnants of 22 nazi divisions were described as hopelessly trapped. * * * In this sector, 400 Germans were reported killed in a battle for a hill, but the Russians admitted that the beleaguered nazis were fighting with desperate fury. "The enemy is putting up stubborn resistance," the soviet command reported. Meanwhile, the German propaganda machine began to break the bad news to the German people, with the elite guard organ, Schwarj.c Korps. admitting that "belief in a fast, cheap victory New Republicans in Congress Photographed for the first time as a group, the 60-odd new republicans elected to congress are seen on the capitol steps just prior to the opening of the 78th session G O V. Leader, Joseph Martin served notice that his new colleagues have formally approved his program "to save the American way of life." Â«nnÂ«uvtu was-given.TUp.in:-1942'-'-and warn- -ft ing -the nation it should "realize the danger threatening." The terrible price paid by the nazi invaders was illustrated in soviet dispatches reporting some 1,300 Germans killed in individual actions during the last 34 hours. CONGRESSMEN BACK F.R. TALK Some Declare Address Not Specific Enough WASHINGTON, (U.R)_Congress- men generally indorsed what President Roosevelt said in his annual message Thursday but some complained that he was not sufficiently specific, especially in connection with his statements on social security. Speaker Sam Rayburn, D., Tex., said the speech "was a splendid report to congress and to the nation on the stste of the union." * * * House Democratic Lender McCormack of Massachusetts: "A great message from one of the outstanding men in the world's history--a message of confidence for victory and a message of hope for the future. Without regard to race, creed or color, every American can thank God that in this crisis we have President Roosevelt for our leader." House Republican Leader Joseph W. Martin, Jr.. of Massachusetts: "It is very encouraging to realize that we have passed from the defensive to the offensive and that we can now look to the future with bright hopes." . * * * Senator Robert A. Taft. R.. Ohio, said the speech was "not specific and presented no new ideas," However, he added: "There is nothing in it that I can disagree with. It was conciliatory and that ought to add to unity and create no dissension. As for the matter of unemployment and social security, we al! are for ihosc principles. It's on the matter of the method on which we disagree.' GIRAUD ASKS PARLEY DELAY Agrees in Principle to Meeting De Gaulle LONDON, (/P) _ Gen. Henri Honore Giraud, French commissioner in North Africa, has agreed "in principle'' to meet Gen Charles De Gaulle on French soil, but proposed for various reasons that the conference be delayed until the end of January, it was announced authoritatively Thurs! day. Buzz 7 'Wagner Body in Ruins of Pursuit Plane Ace of Philippines Apparently Ran Into Storm in Florida EGLIN FIELD, Fla.. Â«) _ A farmer looking for his cows in an isolated Florida pasture ended the five-week search for Lieut. Col. Boyd D. (Buzz) Wagner, destroyer of an untold number of Japanese warplanes and one of America's first aces of World war The crushed body of the flyer, missing since Nov. 29. was found Wednesday in the wreckage of his P-40 pursuit plane 25 miles east of here. * * * The craft was demolished and partly buried, indicating that it plunged into the ground out of control, probably from a steep spin, said a statement authorized by Briff. Gen. Grandison Gardner, Eglin commandant. The 26 year old airman--youngest lieutenant colonel in the army --took off from Eglin field at 8 p. m., Nov. 2i for a routine flight* to Maxwell Field. Ala., and Nashville, Tcnn. Brig. Gen. Gardner said he apparently ran into bad weather north of here. The plane fell in a sparsely settled cattle range section. It was not visible from the Freeport road, 150 yards away, and lay un- "BUZZ" WAGN'ER. found until the unidentified farmer came upon it. Until the very last, Mr. and Mrs. Boyd M. Wagner of Johnstown, Pa., had held out hope that their son would be found alive. Colonel Wasner, holder " o f the Distinguished Service Cross for "extraordinary h e r o i s m " dealt more in action than words. He would never discuss his personal achievements, but comrades said he destroyed between 15 and 50 Japanese Planes in the early weeks of the war. * * * The accounts of his fcafs arc almost legend. There was Ihe time when "Buz?." and a squadron dove on a Japanese landing party at Vigan. His companions were all shot down, but "Buzz" made five separate attacks, returning each time for more ammunition and fuel- On another occasion, it was related, three "zeroes" chased him around a volcano. His fighter plane was faster on level flight but slower as a climber, so he kept going around . the volcano until he was chasing the Japs. IS NEW COMMANDER DES WOINES. (.'Pi--Maj. E. E. Gialdini, of Fort Bragg. Cal.. be- STazis Retake Hill Positions n Tunisia (By Ttie Associated Press) Reuters, the British news agen- y. reported from allied licaci- ttuarters in North Africa Thursday that the Germans had re- raptured hill positions on both ;ides of an important crossroads vest of Mateur. 20 miles below he big axis-held naval base it Bizcrtc. * * * The heights, 15 miles west of Mateur, had been captured Tuesday in a dawn assault by a British nfantry brigade and commando roops. One report said U. S. dangers also engaged in the alack. "German counterattacks Wednesday morning took the topmost icights away from the allied defenders," said a CBS correspondent. "Fighting went on all day. but by last night the position was decided to be untenable and tlie :ommandos and rangers went jack to the positions from which they had started." The German high command. evidently referring to (lie same action, said counterattacking axis "orces hud thrown the allies back 'beyond their former positions." Â·* W Â¥ A nazi broadcast, beard in London, asserted that 30 American oaracbute troops were dropped behind the German lines in North Africa last. Sunday night with orders to blow up a-' larg^e briclgÂ«. The broadcast said 20 of the s!cy troops were killed and tile rest capiured. British headquarters reported .-? continuing lull in the pursuit ot Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Africa corps in Libya Italian headquarters noted "increased patrol activity." HITLER SHAKES UP COMMAND IN TUNISIAN FRONT Von Arnim Takes Place of Nehring, Dispatches From Berlin Report By EDWIN S1IANKE STOCKHOLM, Sweden, (.?)-Another change in German military leadership was reported Thursday by dispute-lies from Berlin which said that General Walther Nehring had been superseded by Col. Gen. Von Arnim as commander in chief of the axis forces in Tunisia. The Berlin correspondent ot the Stockholm newspaper Sveii- ska Tasbladet, who reported the chaiije. described Von Arnim as "one of Hitler's favorite nauzcr commanders" but offered no comment on the significance of the appointment. Nazi Radio Declares Sub Traveled 90 Miles Up Mississippi River LONDON, (/P)-- The German radio, in a broadcast beamed to the United States but heard here, reported Thursday that a German submarine had traveled 90 miles up the Mississippi river "to with- ing a few miles of New Orleans" in the hope of destroying a bridge. The raider was dectcd, however, and forced to return to the Gulf of Mexico, the broadcast declared. (There was no confirmation of the German report from any other source. The dale of the alleged exploit was not given.) Another Swedish newspaper, the Dagens Nyheter, said tlic weekly German newsrcel hud shown the bey of Tunis receiving Von Arnim and indicated he wa: now in command. (British military sources identified the general as Juergen Von Arnim, 52 year old Silesiaii, but said there was no confirmation that he had, succeeded Neliring Nehring "- is-Tegarde'cr^'s" stiil in high favor with Hitler and depended upon, with Marshal Rommel, to conduct the North Africai campaign. Von Arnim was reported, severely wounded while commanding an armored divisioi during the invasion of 'Russia London sources said he was no considered a nazi party man.) There had been no intimatici from Germany that Nehring-whoso forces have been giving the allies bitter opposition in Tunisia--had fallen into clisfavoi with Hitler. The extent io which German reserves of manpower arc being strained was indicated, meanwhile, by a Dasfens Xyhcler dispatch from Berlin sayins that all available members of Hitler's brown-shirlcd n a z i parly followers were bcinp called up for two months of winter war exercises, beginning in February. * * * Elite guard officers fresh from the Russian front will give in struction in marching, shootin and hand was said. Predicts Substantial Hdvance on Roads to Berlin, Rome, Tokio WASHINGTON, (AP)--President Roosevelt told a 'vie- .ory-pledged congress Thursday the cause of united nations was moving forward at last in Europe, Asia, and Africa, jacked by a "miracle of production" in the United States, and said 194i carried the promise of a "very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin and Rome and fokio." * Â¥ * if. * ^ Delivering his annual message to the legislators in person in the house chamber, he called on them to put aside bickering over economic measures, and to strive to ton- tribute to national unity. * * * " * w * The president's address on the state ot the nation was divided into three major sections: A review of the progress of tiie war, a report oa America's mighty arms production, and a general outline of his hopes for := * * * * * * * the peace to follow the conflict and for guaranteeing freedom from want and fear. "By far the largest and most important developments in the whole strategic picture of 1942," Mr. Roosevelt asserted, "were the events on the long front in Russia: First, the implacable defense of Stalingrad; and. second, the offensives by the Russian armies at various points which started in the latter part of November and which still roll on with great force and effectiveness." "I do not prophesy when lliis war will end," the commandci'-m- chief said, but elsewhere in a. thunderously-applauded speech he declared: "The axis powers knew that they must win the war in 13K-- or eventually los_e everything. . "I tell you .it is within the realm of possibility that this seventy-ciehlh congress may have the historic privilege of helpinjr ereatly lo save the world from future fear." grenade throwing, i Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Colder Thursday afternoon and Thursday night. Lowest temperature Thursday night 10 below. Not much change in temperature Friday forenoon. IOWA: Colder in south and cast portions, not quite so cold in northwest portion T h u r s d a y night and Friday forenoon: occasional light snow in southeast portion Thursday night. MINNESOTA -- Colder extreme east portion, slowly rising tem- pcatures central and west portions Thursday night and Friday forenoon. Occasional light snow northwest and extreme west central portions. IN MASON CITY G)obe-G,ize!lc weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 18 Minimum Wednesday night 12 Al 3 a. m. Thursday 12 Snow trace YEAR AGO: Maximum -5 Minimum -27 SENTENCED FOR ACCIDENT KEOKUK, (/P)--trvin Hedrick, 38, was sentenced lo one year in the Lee county j a i l Wednesday on charges of leaving the scene of an accident and driving while intoxicated in connection with an Tojo Bows to "Boss" came commanding officer of the I t o x i c a l e d m connection with an increased girth of Hit' DCS Moines ordnance plant, sue-1 accidc nt 'Â» which Mrs. Harry ly as his axis pals, ceedins Col. A. M. Wolff, who has i Grams was injured as she crossed | Heaven hasn't put hi been transferred to Milwaukee. ; a downtown strccl last Saturday ' -- - - - Â· Â· Â· - - ' - Â· Â· Premier Eiki Tojo, right, kowtows before Emperor Hirohito, standing on a platform, in this Tokio picture which has just arrived in the United States. Though Hirohito is just a figurehead. Tojo makes a pretense of humbling himself before him--in public. Judging bv the increased girth of Hirohito's midriff (he's getting as'port- Is-. Hitler and Mussolini), the Son of - - - - - - himself on war-time rations. The officer al the left is unnamed. (Central Press Phonephoto) PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT HALSEY: JAPS WILL RETREAT Says Handwriting Is on Wall for Nipponese AUCKLAND. N. Z.. U.Â»-- Admiral William F. Halscy, Jr., who has predicted a complete allied victory this year, believes that if the allies had n little more weight in the Pacific it wouldn't lake the whole year to smash the Japanese. ''The handwriting is on Ihe wall," Halsey, commanding United States naval forces in the south Pacific, said at a press conference. "If we had more weight, we'd get the Japs sooner. "The J;ips will be attacked in all directions and will wish, they had died when they were babies. ' They're not supermen: they're simply liltlu monkeys. 1 say monkeys because I'd like to say Something worse." He was asked what be expected the next Japanese move to be. "Japan's next move, will be to retreat and keep on retreating," he replied. "A start has been made. The allies are in a definitely better position today than they were a year ago." He was then asked about the "lull" in the Pacific. "There is no lull," he said. ''The war is going. on daily. Jap 'naval tactics arc like everything Jappy -- tricky, but not hard to fathom. You don't need to worry about Jap tactics. Any normal navy man can lick them.'* Speaking from the platform ot the house chamber of the guarded capitol, Mr. Roosevelt summed up progress so far toward victory, called the united nations "the mightiest military coalition in history" and said that, still vmited, they must stamp out any attempt after the peace lo rearm in Germany, Italy, Japan, "or in any olhci- nation which seeks to violate Ihe tenth commandment-'thou shall not covet/" Loud cheers and yells punctuated his aggressive passages. The capitol was the scene of unusual precautions taken to safeguard the chief executive. Hours before his arrival time police, secret service men and regular army personnel Hirejv a cordon around the hill. ^ Â·Â£ Â·Â¥ Stecl-helmelcd soldiers, bayonets affixed to Garand rifles, stood at attention all around the capitol and in its plaza. Special capitol police, their numbers augmented by metropolitan police, were on guard at all entrances and were stationed throughout the capitol. No one F. R. Rebroadcast- Scheduled by KGLO 1'residenl Roosevelt's address on the stale of the union will be rcbroadcast by KGLO at 8 o'clock Thursday nisht by electrical transcription. was permitted to enter the building without a special pass or identification. Admission to the Richmond Selectee Hopes for Sergeant With Sense of Humor was by special house galleries card only. Mr. Roosevelt told the lawmakers that the period of "our defensive attrition in the Pacific," was passing, adding: ".Vow our aim is (o force the Japanese Io fight. Last year, we stopped them. This year, we intend to advance." In the African theater, lie predicted the last vestige of axis powers would be driven from the soutli shores of the Mediterranean. "I do not prophesy when this war will end." the chief executive said. "But 1 do believe that this year of 1343 will give to the united nations a very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin, and Rome and Tokio. "I tell you it is within the realm ot possibility that this 78th congress may have the historic privilege of helping greatly to save the world from future fear. RICHMOND, Va.,/Hp--A Richmond selectee is expecting name trouble when he begins his armv training next Monday and lie hopes he gets a sergeant with a sense of humor. "What's your name?" the sarsc- will ask. "Hyman Hyman Hyman," Hyman Hyman Hyman wili respond. I" past experience proves anv indication that's w h e n t h e trouble will start. Hyman, etc.. won't be kidding though. That's his lionest-to- | -Therefore Irt n"* aTTÂ«f ..,, ^^l?^^ ^ZÂ£Jz?Â£ Buy IVar Savings Bonds and TUc president opened his ad---_ rn _ I)5 . rrom iÂ° u r Globr-Gamtc I dress will, his summary of war ' operations, and, in it. said that carrier boy.