The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 22, 1939 · Page 4
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March 22, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 22, 1939
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! l ! ( 1 - -it MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. w. LEE .NEIVSPAPEB *, . ,;,, Issued Every Week Day by Uic t?i £?? N CITY GLOBE -GAZETTE COMPANY 131.123 East Stale sired Telephone No. 33M ·rf« Ent 1*»? at 'JS 01 " 5 - 1 : 14 " mattif .-vptll 17. 1930. at the post- ouice at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3. 1S73. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS--Tho Associated Presj Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of sit news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published r-*re!n. FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE BY UNITED FREES. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PJIESS ASSOCIATION, with Des SJoines news and business offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Ms son city and Clear Lake. by the year S10.00 by the week J .20 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR LAKE AND TVITHIN 100 MILES OF MASON CITX Per year by carrier ....3 7.00 By mall 6 months .....s 2.13 Per week by carrier...S .15 By mail 3 months S 1.50 Per year by mail S 5.00 By mall 1 month S .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE IN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per jcar...JS.OO Six months...53.25 Three month)...31.75 IN ALL STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Feryr...J8.00 S months..S4.SO 3 months..52.50 1 month. .51.00 A Defender at Last! TIP TO this time a very large proportion,of the *"· comment--editorial and personal--in the debate, "Resolved That the Globe-Gazette Is Unfair Editorially," has been against us. Here, however, is an offering'that would have to be accepted as favorable to our side. It was written by Bob Burlingame--once on the secretarial staff of Governor Kraschel, later secretary of the Iowa state centennial committee ·--to his good friend, Jack Hammond, publisher of the Decorah Journal and it was given space, be it said, as proof of Mr. Hammond's editorial lair- ness,: on the front page of last week's Journal. We draw on it for the following: "It seems to me Fred Biermann killed his argument by admitting that the Globe-Gazette is 'fair and honest in its news columns.' Isn't that all we can ask of any newspaper? By common consent and long usage, an editorial page is reserved for free expression o£ the publication's personal viewpoint. Everyone reading the page recognizes it as such, and no dissimulation or misrepresentation is involved. Your own paper gains strength and interest because of Jack Hammond's forceful interpretation of events, from Jack Hammond's viewpoint. So it is with every' worth while newspaper--including the Globe-Gazette. "Those papers which color their news stories to square with their editorial policy are abusing the privilege of a free press, and newspaper publishers' associations are properly to be condemned for not moving to stop this fouling of their own nest. The Chicago Tribune is a notorious offender, and at the other extreme, the communist Daily Worker of New York City. The sacrosanct A. P. has also been guilty of news distortion--probably more so than the frankly commercial United Press. "I cannot, however, agree that you make out a ease against the Iowa press, by quoting Earl's statement that nine out of ten papers in this state are republican. The press remains free, in my opinion, just as long as you arid I and everyone else is free to run a democratic, republican, socialist, single-tax or Townsendite sheet--if we choose to do so. The dcor is ooen to us, and as long as the door remains open, "the press is free. It ceases to be free when some outside force (bo it political or economic) exercises duress to force conformity to its own ideology, and to suppress dissenting opinions. "The very fact that our state press is overwhelmingly republican would justify the preponderantly G. O. P. flavor of editorial comment broadcast by KGLO or any other station. While in the governor's office, I was often pained by the · unfavorable tone of editorial comment reprinted by the Register and Tribune from other papers. But there was an obvious answer; the bulk of the press was unfriendly. "It might be added that the few democratic papers m Iowa do not match their republican .competitors in editorial vigor. Yours is an exception. . . . "And, too, Earl Hall has courageously protested against political emasculation of the highway safety program by a state official of his own party Verne Marshall helped to send the republican administration of former Governor Turner to defeat in 1932, and even now is warning against the dangerous tendency to concentrate all executive a dictator's) power in Governor Wilson's hands I am not sure but that several republican editors have a better record than our own people, who stood silently by, while unsavory influences were discrediting the late lamented democratic state administration." * * * Presidential Letters QNE of the little frequented but intensely inter- v esting sections of the Library of Congress displays typical letters from the long line of American presidents. There the casual visitor sees Washington's difficult scrawl, Wilson's wordy letters, Calvin Coolidgc's cryptic and brief correspondence, and a typical white house note from Franklin D. Roosevelt. These bits of paper remind the average American that a president's correspondence was a difficult and trying matter before the days of typewriters or stenographers. In early American days a president's letters were not fulsome documents (like Roosevelt's rambling report to Judge Roberts of Virginia whose appointment was rejected by the senate.) Hather were they curt and clipped Often they were cutting in their directness and brevity. In Emanuel Hertz's new book on Lincoln has come to light some little known correspondence between Secretary of War Edward Stanton and Lincoln which reveals how white house business was transacted and rejected in the 1860s. From the files of the U. S. war department Hertz dug out this heated exchange, which shows to what a sorry extent Lincoln's cabinet clashed with him: Dear Stanton: Appoint this man chaplain in the army. (Signed) A. Lincoln. Dear Mr. Lincoln: He is not a preacher (Signed) E. M. Stanton. Dear Mr. Stanton: He is now. (Slimed) \ Lincoln. Dear Mr. Lincoln: But there is no vacancy. (Signed) E. M. Stanton. Dear Mr. Stanton: Appoint him chaplain at large. (Signed) A. Lincoln. Dear Mr. Lincoln: There is no warrant in law for that. (Signed) E. M. Stanton. Dear Stanton: Appoint him anyhow. (Signed) A. Lincoln. Dear Mr. Lincoln: I will not. (Signed) E. M, Stamon. If Mr. Roosevelt occasionally feels a streak o£ Eelf-pity creeping into him for the way an unruly senate has carved his appropriations or rejected his radical appointments, he might reflect on the resistance Lincoln met from the members of his own cabinet. The Lincoln-Stanton exchange shows the grief that runs deep under the glamor of official Washington. MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1939 Thoughts AVorth Remembering--- "The cornerstone of American foreign policy is the desire for peace,"--Cordell Hull. LOOK-OU'T; bE-LOW The person who got his job merely because he was a democrat--irrespective of how well he has done it--shouldn't be too much surprised if he loses that job the same way. s * u A professor who gives more time and effort to political activity than to teaching really ought to be freed of his teaching duties, it would seem to us. * * * What other than Christianity lias even an outside chance of pulling this old world out of the quagmire into which it lias become lodged? * » * Only astronomers can be said to be qualified fay their lifework for the post of budget director under the new deal. » * * 111 fares the slate when important political offices become a dumping ground for broken-down politicians. v * * For the last five times, it develops, Tommie Manville married as a matter of habit. V * * What a glorious body of water that old Atlantic is! « « 6 The swing back to a. dry Iowa is definitely under way. PROS and CONS Some'Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Trailer Becomes a Building: Mankalo Free Press: The moot . question, "When is a trailer not a trailer?" gets the answer, '·When it is not being trailed," in a decision of a federal court in Texas. Federal Judge R. J. McMillan decided recently in San Antonio that a trailer detached from an automobile has the status of a building. Trailers used as dwellings have brought to attention a number of problems. Most serious among these are the welfare of children in trailer-housed families, and the obligation of heads of such families to pay something for the public advantages they enjoy. It is apparent that families encamped for any considerable time in one place should bear a just share of the costs of schools, police and fire protection and other public services. Numerous court rulings have interpreted special relationships such families bear to the community. The San Antonio case rules that a house on wheels receives the responsibility of a home in a community when its motive power is detached from it. One More Experiment Desired Osage Press: It seems to me that I see numerous signs that this era of government-economic experimentation is drawing to a close. Whether the lessons learned are worth the price paid will not be answered until we can scrutinize the results in the light of history. There is, however, one more test I'd like to see made before we quit: I'd like to see taxes levied at rates calculated to meet the budget, just to see what would happen. Most economists agree that any such tiling would be disastrous to business recovery; but if that be true, then there must be something fundamentally wrong in the relation of production to consumption. Ail Epic Prank Garner Leader: As dirty a trick as we have heard for some time was reported at Hartley recently. Crowds were in Hartley's fine theater attending a Saturday night show when some scoundrel crushed' a "stench bomb" in the auditorium. The effect was what one would expect it to be. Patrons scurried out, cashed in their tickets and may be reticent to go to the theater again in a hurry. Pranks are never funny when they reach epic proportions. The perpetrator of this little scheme should be apprehended, i£ at all possible and punished to the full extent of the law. Personality of City Manager Counts Storm Lake Pilot-Tribune: The city manager plan is the democratic and efficient way in which to govern a city. But it all depends upon the sort of man chosen to be city manager at that. A "dud" can't do it. A real business executive can save any city thousands of dollars every year. America In Need of a Sf. Patrick Klemrr.e Times: Legend tells us that St. Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland on that date many years ago. Might be a good idea to drive some of the "snakes"' out of this country spies, communists, un-American societies and undesirable aliens of all classes. What a Blow! Sheldon Mail: Too bad, Mr. Ickes, it is still the Hoover dam and water is still going over it! What a blow that must be. ABOUT BOOKS By John Selby "AN AMERICAN MUSICIAN'S STORY," by Olga Samaroff Stokowski (Norton: $3.) TN SIX or seven years of this sort of thing the ·*· word "swell" has not been used in this column so far as the memory of its conductor runs. But there is a quality about Olga Samaroff Stokowski's An American Musician's Story" that seems to make the word necessary today. Olga Samaroff is one pianist whose activities have far transcended those of a concert artist- today she is not only one of the finest piano teachers m America, but an educator in broader fields a valued adviser, a most intelligent critic and finally a kind of focal point upon which good ideas converge. Usually they meet and go on to some useful end, it might be added. Samaroff was born in Texas, and the name she bore through her student days was Hickenlooper This was a perfectly good name, and the Hickenloopers were people of consequence. But when, after some quite unusual experiences abroad, including a marriage with a charming Russian which did not last, she returned to America and looked toward the concert stage- well, Henry \Volfsohn, then one of the important concert managers, insisted that a new name be found. So Olga Samaroff was created: later it became the legal name of its owner Samaroff begins with a literal but not too long account of her student days. She omits, fortunately, most of the detail of childhood which drives away many prospective readers of autobiography V. nen Samaroff was starting a career, the European cachet was important. She studied (not without heartbreak) under Delaborde at the Paris conservatory, and later in Berlin. After the annulment of her marriage she returned, scraped up the money for a debut in New York was accepted by Charles Ellis, the manager, and for years toured as a concert pianist. This is interesting as reading, and more interesting as an in- dtcatior of the source of that sound sense which lias enabled her to guide so many young American pianists to success, and to found one of the few redly practical courses of study for the musical layman. Samuroffs book also includes much about other musicians, including her at times a=- tounding former husband, Leopold Stokowski It closes with a chapter on music today and its implications for the future which ought to be read by every American who is not tone deaf DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . By Scott EYE AFRICAH RIFLES IN KENYA colon/, ARE KNOWM AS »NEA.-FOWl SOLDIE.R.S - OF 'TrlElR. PLUMED - DRESS TM" TW *J * » i x »_.i r^ L'/K.vHOE CSEEN ONLY OK A-finy HAWAII AK JISLANP) ONE ALBATROSS WAL*S -THE. HOLE IN AK OLD MILL- AROUND ifS PARTNER (SfE.PPlMq STONE. AT Soil-fa DOVE* M V ,VER.y H l « r l ~ - T H E OTHER BURIES a l O N f c - *T .iOU-fH DOVER..H.Y, ,*fS 'tf EAD UNDER. ITS \V I N Q - CourtNUEt REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files THIRTY YEARS AGO-- The annual election of officers for. the Elks lodge was held last evening in the lodge room. The installation will take place on the second Monday in April. The officers chosen are: Exalted ruler, George Prince; esteemed leading knight, P. C, Church; esteemed loyal knight, T. M. Stevens; esteemed lecturing knight, Fred Duffield" secretary, Fred Blake; treasurer., A. H. Gale; tiler, A. L. Brooks: inner guard, M. J. Gibson and trustee, A. J. Killmer. \V. J. Holahan left this morning for a few days in St. Paul. The electric line is now considering the advisability of putting on an all day 15-niinute service for Mason City. The new schedule put on last fall as a test proved one which met the popular favor by increased patronage and it is now thought that the patronage will warrant an all day service, cars moving every 15 minutes. TWENTY YEARS AGO-- The Delta Alpha class of the Congregational church will give a Lenten lea Saturday afternoon from 4 to 6 o'clock at the home of Mrs L Tail 320 Twelfth street northwest. Mrs. Frank Spears will speak at 4:30 o'clock on "Home Fires in France." The body of little 6 year old Floyd Mapes was found by city employes this morning at 10 o'clock, in Willow creek at the rear of the property owned by Mrs. Ralph Decker. The accident occurred Sunday afternoon about 5:30 o'clock when the boy was riding a bicycle at Rock Glenn and rode into the creek between the East State street bridge and the dam. Fire originating from a stove set fire to a Milwaukee buxcar located on South Federal avenue, where the tracks cross the street. The blaze started this morning at 3 o'clock, but only a slight damage resulted. The car is used by switchmen who are employed by the railroad. Representatives from seven clubs in the city met Thursday afternoon at 4 o'clock at the Y. \V. C. A. to discuss garden prospects for the coming season. The situation was thoroughly discussed. Another meeting will be held Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock. ' TEN YEARS AGO-- Queen Rebekah circle will meet at the I O O. F. temple at 2:30 o'clock Friday afternoon March 22. Hostesses are Mrs. H. Pine. Mr« E Wass, Mrs. E. S. Hopkins, Mrs. Carl Torrence Mrs. C. Senior, Mrs. J. H. Fahr, Miss Rose Joke and Mrs. C. C. Wallbaum. Arthur Pickford left Wednesday afternoon for Minneapolis, where he will join a number of others on a journey to Fargo, N. Dak., where they will present a play before a gathering of lumber dealers. Hale Alden Newcomer arrived at the home of TII \ a i? L Mrs " Hale L ' New comer at Champaign, ill., Wednesday, according to word received here by the grandparents, Dr. and Mrs. L. E. Newcomer. This is the first grandson in tVm family Harry B. Keeler left Wednesday for Pittsburgh, where he will attend n meeting of the executive committee of the Stritctuial Clay Tile association. Poets Everywhere By Lou Mallory Luke of Hampton J OSEPH AUSLANDER is said by Arthur Guiterman to read poetry more delig'htfully than anv other poet. John Masefield, English poet, picked Mr. Auslander as one of our most promising poets In collaboration with Frank Ernest Hall he has wntten "The Winged Horse," the story of the worlds poetry, and its companion volume, "The Winged Horse Anthology" which has been called the finest anthology of poetry in English. WATER WOMAN Having lived here so long-, she. Being what she was, the daughter Of a man who drowned at sea, Talked like water. To her speech water gave Something that was not in words: As you hear the lonely wave In sea-birds. She. whom none could quite possess, Washed cool with salt and sun, Took the sea like a caress When she \vas done. * ^-Reprint "~,,_ GOOD HEALTH By Logan Clendening, M. D, CLINIC ON "GROUP PLAN" T HAVE been reading an interesting account by J -Di-. Walter R. Belt of reminiscences of the great London hospital of St. Bartholomew's. With all the complaints that we hear about the medical profession and dispensary practice today, it is illuminating to compare them with the happenings in the dispensary of St. Bartholomew's as short a time ago as 1868, when the resident apothecary was in charge of what may be described as the wholesale treatment of patients. \Vhen all the patients who applied for treatment in the morning had been gathered together in one room, the apothecary would enter and ask all those who complained of a cough to stand up, whereupon he gave them a cough medicine. IHe then asked all those who had 1 the bellyache to stand up, and | he gave them some kind oE _. ,,, - . house physic for that. Dr. Clendemns The nur ses were of the kind of Sarah Gamp, and on account of their overweight, heavy facial features and waddling gait, were sarcastically referred to as "fairies." In 1877 a certain Dr. Robert Bridges was appointed to the post of casualty physician. He made a report a little later in which he pointed out certain abuses. In three months he had seen 7,735 patients and the average time spent on each was 1.28 minutes. "With the lowest estimate of female garrulity," lie wrote, "one may recognize the grandeur of the feat accomplished in giving separate audience to the troubles of 150 women in three hours and a quarter." And he remarked that most of their troubles were brought on by indiscretion, for which the cure would be discretion. Most of them preferred Epsom salts. They had many cases of a peculiar atonic dyspepsia in machinists due to long working hours in slale air, and caling cheap, miscellaneous food, but in spite of the number of cases nobody ever went to the source of the trouble and tried to clean up the industry. Instead, they gave them a routine mixture of quassia and iron. When Bridges made his report of these conditions, he hoped that without living to the milleni- um, one might see the day when such conditions would be considered fabulous and incredible. The reading of this report had one result, which was that Bridges was never again offered another appointment at the hospital. However, he managed to obtain the position of poet laureate, and although his output was meager, he remains one of our most sensitive medical poets. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS H. O.: "Should one having tuberculosis use musterole on the chest when one has cold? What is good for hoarseness and sore throat? Is there any medicine one can take to build the body up and give an appetite? What would you advise for a regular diet?" Answer--It seems to me that all the symptoms of which you complain are basically due to the disease itself. I would advise sanatorium treatment for all of them. The diet should be an ordinary, balanced diet such as anyone uses, not trv- ing to cat more than the appetite demands. Mus- terole on the chest is just as safe as in a normal person. EDITOR'S NOTE: Seven pamphlets by Dr. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening. in care of this paper. The pamphlets are: "Three Weeks' Reducing Diet." "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducin" and Gaining." "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hygiene" and '·The Care of the Hair and Skin." Meadow Melodies By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center HEAD OR TAILS The Good Lord gave to us two cnd5, And gave to each a use.-One to sit and one to t h i n k So we have no excuse. For thus we may choose either end, It is our job to choose And if it's heads, why then \ve win. But if it's tails we lose, " Safety Pledge-am grateful to Leo J. j Carle, former Globe-Gu- £tte composing room foreman, for passing along to me this safety pledge made by members of the South Bend, Ind., safety council, as reproduced recently in Liberty: 1. Never overtake a car unless ,. you are positive that there is ample space ahead; that means, of course, never on a curve or a lull, 2. Slow down when approaching all intersections, incuding private driveways, and thus have your car under complete control and prepared to stop. 3. Slow down when approaching any child or pedestrian and thus be prepared for any unexpected movement. 4. Keep your brakes and lights, in fact your entire car, in good condition, as safe a condition as when it was new. 5. Stop on red traffic signals and stay stopped until the light has turned green. Rushing signals invites disaster. 6. Come to a dead stop at stop signs, because the other fellow has the right of way. 7. If you have been drinking, don't drive. Of course you believe you are sober, but the evidence is all against sober drivers who have been drinking. 8. Slow down to compensate for slippery streets caused by rain, snow, or ice. S. Slow down when driving at night. There is no substitute for daylight when it comes to visibility. 10. Always drive at a speed which will permit you to stop within the assured clear distance ahead. If you don't get in a jam you won't have to get out of one. ·--o--· A Fired Patriotism v have observed in recent ; months many evidences of a quickened patriotism in America. It's due, I suspect, to the contrast between our liberties and the tyrannies being practiced at this time by the dictatorships. Whatever may be the fact as to that the following from the Lake Mills Graphic may be accepted as an example of what I have in mind with regard to a quickened patriotism: "Playing of 'The Star Spangled Banner,' our national anthem, in theaters is becoming widespread throughout the country o-" late. From coast to coast movie audiences are standing and singing our too-o£ten-ncglected national song at nearly every performance. "In Chicago, the B K, Allied and Essaness circuits as well as hundreds of independent theaters are now opening and closing their houses daily with the playing of OBSERVING the national anthem and from New York to California the practice is rapidly gaining favor. Warners' set the precedent in the country when they directed that the national anthem be played at least once daily in all their circuit houses. "The Star Spangled Banner stands for liberty, equality, the rights of the people in government etc., and if the playing of ,the national anthems of other nations can arouse enthusiasm and love of country among their peoples, we as Americans should hear and sing our national anthem more often to remind us of the many blessings that are ours." --o-10 Little Chiselers ; give you here the now famous story of the rise and fall--especially the latter--of the "10 Little Chiselers:" Ten little chiselers, cutting all the time; one cut a little more, then there were nine. Nine little chiselers, feeling kinda great; one forgot overhead, then til ere were eight. Eight little chiselers, looking up to heaven; one took a credit risk, now there's only seven. Seven little chiselers, thought they wouldn't mix; one quit the business, and that leaves six. Six little chiselers, all still alive; one cut the price again, now we have five. Five little chiselers, crying for more; one couldn't pay his bills, now we have four. Four little chiselers, all full of glee; one forgot freight rates, now we have three. Three little chiselers, didn't know what to do; one met a low by price, now there's only two. Two little chiselers, a cuttin' gum; one cut the other's throat, now we have one. One little chiseler, left without a penny; he can't cut no more, so now we haven't any. The Days' «-N l-S 1 To THE MASON CITY LIONS CLUB -- for its unflagging interest in the school patrol of this community. Working with the Y. M. C. A. and the school authorities, this organization has brought safety to thousands of youngsters down through the years. None can say how manv lives- have been saved by this fine program. This bouquet is prompted by the presentation recently of 90 safety emblems to the young patrolmen o£ Lincoln, Central and Harding schools who have served so faithfully in both fair weather and foul. ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By Frederic J. Hoskin I'nr an ansiver I In » n y n u c s t i n n ,,! f a c t wrHe the "Mason Cltr r . l o b e - G a i t l l e In. e e - " l l k l i - Dlr " lor ' n "^'^ »· «=·· «««.«· Where is the deepest gold mine? W. If. It is the Robinson Deep mine of the Rand Gold field in South Africa. It has a depth of 8,300 feet. What caused Earl Browdcr's imprisonment? L. M. Brovvder was arrested in Olathe, Kans., in 1917, after expressing his opposition to the selective army draff. He was sentenced to a year in jail for refusing to register. Later he was indicted for conspiracy to resist the operation of the draft law, and was sentenced to two years in the federal prison of Leavenworth. How much land in under cultivation in Norway? J. G. Only 4,300 square miles. · What college building was the scat of the U. S. government? T, S. Nassau hall at Princeton U. served at different times as a hospital and barracks for American and British troops during the Revolution and holds the unique distinction of having been the seat of the national government in the year 1783 when the continental congress fled to Princeton. How much docs the Empire Slate building sway? C. H. The building is constructed to withstand a maximum sway of 12 inches but tests show that the sway is rarely greater than two inches. In the storm of Sept. 21, 1938, in a 110-mile wind the building swayed four inches. What makes a cat's eyes shine at night? II. p . The iris of cats and some other animals has an area called the tapetum around the optic nerve. This area causes the eye to shine at night. What is the significance of the shamrock? H. B. The shamrock, beloved of the Irish people everywhere, is largely esteemed because of its a*so- ciation with St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. According to tradition St. Patrick, who came to bring Christianity to the islands, demonstrated the theory of the trinity with the little trefoil clover, the three distinct parts. Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, occurring from a single stem, God and Father Almighty. What size is a passport picture? V. D. A passport picture may not be smaller than two inches by two inches nor larger than three inches by three inches. How old is the Belasco theater in Washington, D. C.? \Vho designed the building? B. P. The theater, formerly the Lafayette Square opera house, was designed and supervised by U. H. Painter, a civil engineer. The t h e a t e r was first opened Sept. 30, 1895. Where did chess originate? E. Chess is a very ancient game, probably, long antedating any ex- isting records. It is probable that it originated in China and passed into India, and that from' India it spread to Persia about the beginning of the seventh century of our era. It was adopted by the Arabs of that country and introduced into Europe. When was (he telephone first used to send a dispatch to a newspaper? K. II. At a popular lecture and demonstration given by Alexander Graham Bell on Feb. 12, 1877, at Salem, Mass. What Is the oldest frame house still standing in the U. S.? D. K. It is the Fail-banks house at Dedham, Mass., which was built in 1E36. What is the average life of an incandescent lamp? G. K. The life of lamps depends upon many factors, but there is an agreed upon standard life of 1,000 hours for general lighting service lamps. Projection lamps have shorter lives. 50, 100. and 200 hours, as the service required determines. Decreased voltage increases the life of lamps. A lamp designed to operate for 1,000 hours on_ a 230-volt, if operated on a lla volt circuit will have a life of years, instead of 1,000 hours PUZZLES, TRICKS, AND MAGIC This is the title of our newest booklet, just off the press. Thirty- two pages of fun and diversion for everyone, in the form of mathematical puzzles, word puzzles enigmas, a maze, tricks with pencil and paper, and simple magic Fully illustrated. Though mainly a form of recreation, puzzle solving is a fascinating way to sharpen the wits. Order a copy of Puzzles fncks and Magic without delay' iou can depend upon it to pep up your parties and to banish dull moments at home. Ten cents postpaid. e --Use This Coupon-- The Globe-Gazette, Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director Washington, D. C. ' I inclose herewith 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the new booklet, 'Puzzles, Tricks and Magic.'' Name Street or rural route Cily State '....,..,, ^ .(Mail to JVashington, D. I

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