The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 11, 1945 · Page 1
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January 11, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 11, 1945
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· ' ii'^*^^^:^r^^j^fM'-r^^ NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL. LI "THE NEWSPAPER THAT Fran led United Pn» Full Leutd Wira MASON crnr. IOWA. THURSDAY, JANUARY 11.1915 BRITISH GAIN 10 MILES Papu CouliU 01 Two SeeUom-SccUoa On* MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' Americans Thrust 18 Miles Inland on Luzon BULGE THINK JAPS NOT TO MAKE STAND ON AGNO RIVER Airdrome and Perhaps 30 Towns and Villages Captured by Yanks · General MacArthurV H e a d quarters, Luzon, (U.PJ--Sixth army vanguards drove 18 to 20 miles inland . from the Lingayen gulf Thursday, overrunning perhaps 30 cjties, .towns and villages and.at least 1 airdrome In a powerful drive across the' plains of central Luzon to within 90 to 95 miles of Manila. Reliable reports at Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's headquarters said thai at least a tew patrols already had reached t h e Agno river at a point where it bisects the Luzon.)plains some 20 miles inland from the 20'mile wide invasion beachhead. The Japanese had been expected to make their 1st defense stand along the Agno, but military sources suggested that the enemy, caught off balance, would "be unable to organize quickly enough to defend the river and instead would attempt to stem the American advance farther south. Already behind the Americans were'the cities of Xing ay en with its airport, Dagupan, Mangaldan and San Fabian, as well as a cluster of 25 'to 30 :lesser towns and hamlets in the invasion area. All 4 initial beachheads had been linked and-army engineers were enlarging the Lingayen airdrome Ipr.irnrninentuse; · (A Tokyo broadcast heard./In " of Panaj: In the" central PhJJJp- ' pines, "unable to continue northward because of Japanese air attacks." With the laridlne on Inzon, Tokyo said, the battle of the Philippines has reached the "decisive stage.") (A BBC broadcast reported by the blue network said American troops were less than XOO kilometers--62 miles--from Manila, but this would put t h e m far across the Agno and it appeared that the announcer confused kilometers and quoted BBC miles. Blue also as saying that the Americans were inland an average depth of 35 kilometers or 20 miles.) Though the main advance south across the Luzon plains was meet- ing only .sporadic small arms resistance, American patrols and spotting planes reported artillery lire in the hills-north of San Fabian and warships were hurling salvoes of shells into the area. Other forces, expanding the beachhead along the coast to the west, reached the mouth of the Agno river, 6 miles beyond Lingayen, and came under artillery fire from the foothills of the Zam- oales mountains. The speed of the advance south was such that one division commander was forced to order hi* * * * : * . * * * " Sound Financial Condition of State After War Urged by Blue at Inaugural Talk By PAT YALE ( / P '-° ov - fobert D. Blue, in his inaugural address, y for a "careful survey of Iowa's tax system, and of her n-iKIn *V,« ,.*,,*_ ± _ _i rf ·"-··· t « · « " wi. HCi are NAZI TANKS KAYOED BY YANKS IN LUXEMBOURG-Kayoed German tanks shown bein examine " shown being examined by Cpl. George F. Gearhart of Danville" Pa member of a tank tankfaTHdk? S cS Cheld ' "* Luxembour ^ Geadlart ^^ out 4 half-tracks and 2 vanguards to slow up because they were moving too fast for communications and supplies to keep pace. The Calmay river, one to 2 1 /miles inland 'from the beachheads, and only formidable water barrier north of the Aeno, was forced In the early hours ot the invasion along a broad .front. \ .'.' · .;. Despite.'tie initial Jack of re- ^staftce, ^howevasr; - the .v Japanese ieyerishly armor and supplies.'from' southern Luzon under a deadly barrage of bombs, sHells and bullets from American carrier and land-based planes. Whole columns of vehicles were blasted into flaming wreckage and at least 3 of the enemy's main bndges north of Amnila were knocked out. American aircraft roamed the skies unchallenged. Organized and bitter resistance, bad weather or other such factors might make the battle'for Manila a long campaign, but a break or 2 might see American troops in the capital within a matter of weeks instead of months as first thought There always was' the possibility that the Japanese might declare Manila an open city as MacArthur did in December 1941, but it appeared reinote at the moment Even should the Japanese issue ·m open city declaration, the American command might find it necessary to. decline to -recognize it, just as the Japanese ignored the American gesture in 1941 The Japanese were known to 'have large concentrations, of ammunition, weapons and supplies in'Ma- nila. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your 'Globe -Gazette carrier boy. WHERE AMERICANS INVADE LUZON -- Arrow indicates American, andmgs, along the coast of the Lingav aven . It was announced il,.-!. , , ,, , - - - - - - - -···' - -""trH"'"*. it was ciniiuuncea that 4 beachheads at undisclosed points have been established. Stimson Says U. S. Army Under Effective Strength; to Dr^ft Men in Industry: · ^mr_---t-S--l^A -- ^-'f'"i~irvi' -. ·wTM*-'" L -- '· '·',''.". ' . . ' - ' - . · - · . .-. : · · ' · : . · * ' . : * / ' - - · · ' .fan; accelerated induction* rate. .That call threatens to take some 200,000 to 250,000 young men out of war-plants this spring to help meet demands from the armed forces for 900,000 men by July 1 Col. Francis. V. Keesiihf, Jr., testifying for the selective service system in support of national service legislation, told the house military committee Thursday that drafts calls would be jumped to an average 132,000 men for each of the 4 .months starting «-jth March. January and February calts are for 112,000 men a month. Nayy and marines enlistments amonr youths under 18 are expected to make up the 900,000 grand total. The question of the army's need for additional men arose when newsmen asked Simpson if the army is not already overstrength when its announced ceiling of 7 700,000 men is considered ' Replying in the negative, Stim- Bon asserted that "measured in terms of effectiveness the army is understrength not overstrengthed." ^=?L^ aid there are approximately 450,000 wounded and sick in army hospitals now and that these men are ineffectives for purposes of conducting a war. In addition the rotation policy leaves some 85,000 men ineffective while they are in the process of moving in and out, he added. "The effective size Vof an army must be kept up to its ceiling." Stimson said. Adding that "It should be obvious that the tempo of war" has increased, Slimson said the Germans are not going to accept the inevitable end "without a fight to the finish." He saia, too, that the war with Japan is running ahead of schedule. "If the needs of the armies at the fronts are to.be met," Stirrison said, "there seems to be no escape from calling into the armed services this year, substantially all physically qualified men below 30 years of age from factory, farm and government. J3ut when we dp this the places of, these young men will have to be taken by older men, women and younger men not acceptable for military service. "It is only too apparent that the assignment of military manpower in industry must be placed on an orderly, democratic, and above all a sure basis. This is no time for piecemeal or makeshift legislation The efficient method for'utilizing this nation's manpower through a national service act will solve our manpower problems and give our enemies final assurance of their defeat," Keesling told the house Committee the 750,000-odd draftees must be obtained from these groups: Youths becoming 18, 210,000; men no^r classified in 1A and being processed for induction, 180,000; men now holding industrial and farm deferments and not over 38" 330.000. He said the pool of men from which the 330.000 must be drawn consists of 260,000 under 26 de- ferred for 'essential farm j work: 100,000 under 26 deferred lor essentiality in industry, including 60,000 now in the merchant ma^ rine; 800,000 between 26 and 30 deferred for essentiality in industry; 3,200,000 between 30 and' 38 deferred in industry and war- supporting jobs; 263,000 between 26 and 30 deferred for essentiality on farms, and 700,000 between 30 and 38 also with farm deferments. It became clear that' the army is about to dip into the next age tier, 26 through 29, in an industrial cleanout only less drastic than last spring's discontinuance of occupational deferments for men under 26. . The office of War Mobilization Director Byrnes was reported to be working out a revision of the list o£ essential industries to see which should be classed as "crit- cal" and thus exempt -from the new call for young fighting men. In another essential industries deferments of under-30 workers will be reviewed, it was 'stated The total to be taken was esti- mated'by one source to be "more than 200,000, but not as many as 300,000." About 800,000 men in the 6-29 group now how deferments. This impending- strain on the country's manpower resources will coincide with a towering armament ^job, Chairman J. A. Krug o£ the war production board .told the house military committee Wednesday. to enable the state to* be in a sound financial condition f dfter the war." "Such a survey should be available for the-" consideration of :he next legislature," he said in his prepared address. Speaking to a joint session of the house and senate, Blue continued: "I suggest that before you be;in to appropriate money for specific purposes you carefully determine just how much you have lo spend; that you carefully total all the askings of money that are made of you, then see if there is money enough to go around before commencing to spend. If there is not enough money, 2 courses lie open before you: 'Sou must either make an equitable distribution of the funds you have among the different askings, or levy additional taxes. "Personally, I feel -that we should cut our pattern to fit our cloth." Blue, the 29th person to serve as Iowa's governor, said that the monetary surpluses now on hand, "together with revenue funds increased by the war, should be sufficient to meet all of the needs of Iowa government during the amount several times that of our surplus. "It appears that the problem of public financing for the federal government for our state and for our counties, cities, and school dis- iricts, will be one o£ our most per- alexing and vexing questions after the war." next biennium. T h e g o v e r n o r mended: also recom- 1. Abolishment of sales and use taxes imposed upon political subdivisions of the state such as cities, counties, and school districts, claiming such: jimpo'siUori was "bothv economically lifisbund- and PLAN AID FOR HARRY BRIDGES Communists Want to Intervene in Case By LYLE C. 1VTLSON Washington, OJ.H) -- The Communist Political association, nee communist party, wants "to intervene in the Harry R. Bridges deportation case to deny the charge that party members seek the violent overthrow of the United States government. The case of Bridges, president of the West Coast Longshoremen's and'Warehousemen's Union CIO), and.alleged communist, has been pending for 5 years and finally has reached the supreme court. Bridges took the case there on appeal from a federal circuit court ruling in San Francisco which denied his appeal for rehearing of a decision that he should be deported to his native Australia as an undesirable alien. Now submitted to the supreme court is a 100-page brief signed by Earl Browder. president, and .William Z^ Foster, vice president, of the Communist " Political association, requesting Ihe right to intervene. ALLIES OCCUPY SHWEBO BASE Japs Lose Last Large Bastion in Upper Burma Southeast Asia Command Headquarters, Kandy, Ceylon, (IP) _ Shwebo, the last large Japanese bastion in upper -Burma north of Mandalay, has been occupied by allied troops and British 14th army units have advanced south of the to"wn, an allied communique announced Thursday. Shwebo is 46 miles north of Mandalay. It was entered Sunday by Indian troops, and later the Shwebo airfield was overrun. Allied troops are investing Eu- dalin on the branch railway to Ye-U, 18 miles north of Monywa, the communique said. Troops of the 15th Indian corps in the Kaladan valley have entered Ponnagyun, a steamer station on the west bank o£ the Kala- dan river -14 miles northeast of the th'etfe;c6nsideratHmand action,' on the school code prepared since the last legislature by a committee appointed to suggest improvements in statutes affecting schools in Iowa. 3. Improvement of the 15 state institutions under the board of control and the 5 colleges and universities operated by state board of education. "Funds are available without the levying of new or additional taxes to make extensive improvements," Blue said. "Such use of surplus monies should be classed as an investment which yields substantial dividends/' 4. Continuance ol the Iowa industrial and defense council "to stimulate and encourage industry in the state. "Your vision and determination in meeting this challenge may well determine the future of Iowa for the next century" the governor said. 5. Solution of the problems ol drainage and flood control on a "farm by farm, creek by creek and county by county," basis. He declared that the demands of the war were depleting the state's soil and that during the flash floods of last May it was estimated S154,- 000,000 worth of top soil was lost forever ivhen washed from sloping fields. 6. Improvement of rural roads i when the primary road debt was paid, which he said it was hoped would be by 1850. "I recommend that among the'first roads to be built and improved should be those roads used by our mail carriers, and for the transportation of our children to school," Blue said. 7. Enactment of an occupational disease law and liberalization of the provisions of the workman compensation and unemployment compensation laws. This, he said, would be "in keeping with the increasing importance of industry to the state of Iowa." 8. Preservation of the "stability and prosperity of agriculture." 9. Adaption of a new aviation code to regulate new airport construction and "to provide adequate and sensible regulation of this expanding field. If the state fails to meet this problem, it is certain that the federal government will occupy the field and regulate local air traffic," he declared. ! 10. Provisions for storage and distribution of surplus commodities after the war. The governor said there had been "an unwarranted feeling of great wealth" in Iowa. "Iowa is not a wealthy state," he said. "Before the war our per capita income was neither the greatest nor the smallest. Iowa financially is a middle class state. Iowa's share (of the nation's war esdpense) each 24 hours is about $5,000,000. We are paying about one-third the cost of the war and going in debt for two thirds of it. By the end of January, one month's share of the war debt for Iowa will be $100,000,000, an island port: of Akyab. Declare Record Made in Shipping Through Great Lakes in '44 Cleveland, U,PJ -- Shipping history was made on the Great Lakes during 1944 despite an "exceedingly bad" manpower shortage and the admitted handicap' of inexperienced seamen. In a record hau! over America's industrial life line, the 318-ship Great Lakes fleet carted more iron ore, coal, grain and limestone--war's most essential raw materials -- in 1944 than was evei shipped during a single season in all history. The total haul last year reached 184,155,384 net tons-- a figure times greater than all war cargoes carried by America's 1944 Atlantic-Pacific ocean-going merchant fleet -- George J. Dietrich, statistician of the Lake Carriers' association, revealed here Thursday. What's more remarkable in appraising the over-all record picture, Dietrich asserted, is the astounding fact that the shipping season time was 9 days less "than was available between the spring break-up and the freezing of shipping, lanes in the former high season of 1942." Asks Senate Not to Argue World Views Washington, (/P)_Sen. Connally D., Tex.), returned from a white louse conference Thursday urging he senate to withhold further discussions o£ the international situa- .ion pending a new meeting of the 'Big Three." The Texan, who is chairman o£ the foreign relations committee, disclosed no details of the discussions between Mr. Roosevelt and an 8-man, bi-partisan delegation :rom the foreign relations group, but issued this statement to reporters: "The subcommittee had a very Pleasant and satisfactory conference with the president. In anticipation of his departure to meet Stalin and Churchill the views of members of the subcommittee were made known to the president and the president's views were made known to the subcommittee. "The discussions covered the entire field of foreign relations. "Until the meeting of Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill, I hope that there will be no resolutions presented in the senate or general discussions which would disturb Ihe delicate international situation." As the subcommittee left the white house, Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky said: "We had an interesting discussion o£ the whole field of the international problem. That is as far as we can go--nothing on any detail or any phase of it. "The whole subject still left undecided by Dumbarton Oaks was discussed." The republican floor leader, Senator White of Maine, however, merely held up his hands when asked it he considered the meeting; a satisfactory one. While-the conference was under way, Sen. \Viley (R., Wis.) declared in a seriate speech that European nations should compose LAROCHE FALLS AS ALLIES PUSH SWIFTLY AHEAD Blizzard Continues With Temperatures at Front About 9 Above Sen;' Kryaridenberg" ·: '( H . also declined to' comment It wa he,who started the historic foreign relations- debate in the senate Wednesday by proposing an immediate united nations agreemen (o demilitarize Germany and Japan and giving the president ful authority to guarantee this with ms. Others who participated in the conference were Senators George (D., Ga.); Thomas (D., Utah) Austin (R., Vt.) and La Follette (prog.-Wis.) Vandenberg has said the next move is up to the president. Actor Collapses While Mowing Lawn; Dies Beverly Hills, Cal., (IP)--Edward Fielding, 65 year old screen character actor, collapsed and died Wednesday while mowing the lawn at his home. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday. No decided change in temperature. Lowest Thursday night about 10 above. loiva: Cloudy north and east and fair southwest Thursday night and Friday. Warmer east and central. Little change in temperature extreme west Thursday night. Continued mild Friday. Shippers' forecast: Is'ortli- cast 5 above, all other 10 above Minnesota; Cloudy Thursday night with light snow east early Thursday night, warmer northeast and continued mild remainder of state Thursday night. Partly cloudy and mild Friday, diminishing w i n d s Thursday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics- Maximum Wednesday 22 minimum Wednesday night 16 At 8 a. m. Thursday 16 YEAR AGO: Maximum 35 Minimum 5 Trace of snow Report Spellman Is Given Mission in Future Peace Talks London, (/P) -- The Morocco radio Thursday broadcast unconfirmed Swiss reports that Archbishop Francis J. Spellman of New York had been entrusted by Pope Pius XII with an important mission in connection with future peace talks. It gave no details, but said there was "great diplomatic activity in Rome." A Rome dispatch Wednesday night said some Vatican circles believed there was a possibility Archbishop Spellman might become Papal secretary of stale, pro tempore, although a Vatican official had denied such an appointment had been made. Paris, m--Allied troops .,,,,- uredI strategic LaRoche Thursday and British patrols in a swift in cap- patrols in a swift 10 nule advance through the collaps- ng western end of the Belgian bulge reached the Champion area a mile east of the north-south' ·oad between LaRoche a n d St Hubert. The road was cut without ODPO- · t i o n . ,^!i e , Germans quietened their skillful, orderly withdrawal in the deep snnw as the, American 1st ana 3rd armies drove in from torth and south and the British 2nd army pursued through profuse minefields from the west. The main British force was -4 miles behind the' patrols which penetrated the Champion area almost through the difficult Freyr forest. The town is 13 miles west of Houffalize, which the Germans may attempt to make (he center of a new defensive front shielding the eastern hall of the bulge. The allies captured the strategic road center of LaRoche (pop 1,928) on the north side of the salient at 9:05 a. m. Patrols entered the town, 14 miles northwest of Bastogne, · Wednesday and found it lightly held. The cruelesl enemy .for both sides was the continuing blizzard, with temperatures 9 above zero Fahrenheit. With the bulge battle going well the tenderest spot on the allied side of the western front was Strasbourg. Germans .threatened the Alsatian capital from positions 10 r -tp t JL7. miles. south arid-from 9 "W^i-north.V.Fianes 'spotted:; 100 tanks ,f beffiw v Strasl»iigjj}r1?«niy deployed 'on: both sides of the Rhine, and claimed the destruction of 9 and the damaging of 19 The Germans did not appear to have exerted their full strength in that area, but neither the American 7th army on the north nor the French 1st army on the south had yet shown sufficient strength to reduce the threat. A short break in the clouds allowed. a few allied planes to get into the air above the Belgian bulge for a change. First army patrols tested n new sector and stabbed deeply below Malmedy, encountering no opposition. The 1st also threw a bridgehead across the Salm river within 9 miles of St. Vith and fought in Vielsalra, a river stronghold. Signs Thursday were that the nazi commander hoped (o establish a new Una 15 miles or so west of the German border between Vielsalra, already entered by ihe U. S. first army, Houffallze and the Bastogne sector. A dozen or more towns fell. By latest reports, von Rundstedt has pulled out o£ the toe of the Ardennes sock with all possible speed. But there was no sign. of. a stampede such as that in which Field Marshal von Kluge's German 7lh army -was partly destroyed in the Falaisc massacre in Normandy. Snow and mist gave the nazls cover. (The German communique announced a withdrawal from the area west of the steep banked Ourlhe river, which flows through by-passed Laroche, "in order to NAZIS RETREAT FROM BELGIUM--Under blows by \ allied armies, the Germans are retiring from their Belgian positions (1) as the U. S. 7th army drove the German spearhead in the Vosges back 2 miles, stopping the nazi assaults menacing Strasbourg (2).

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