The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 24, 1944 · Page 1
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February 24, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, February 24, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL. L Associated Pica and United Press Full Leased Wires \; T' m, POWERFUL STRONGHOLD, IS TAKEN BY REDS M/fazis Also Announce yKogachev Evacuation / North of Zhlobin L o n d o n , /P)--Premier Stalin announced Thursday night the Russian army has captured Dno, j east of Pskov, and the Berlin radio f acknowledged the Germans have j evacuated Kogachev, nazi base in ,' White -Russia above Gomel. ', Stalin's announcement, broad- · cast by Moscow radio, said Dno, I "a powerful stronghold of German defenses," had capitulated to Russian forces Developing their offensive in the difficult forests and swamps region of the Baltic front. The Berlin radio's ,announcement of Rogachev's evacuation, nQt immediately confirmed by the Russians, said the nazi defenders had fallen back to the west bank of the Prut river. The loss of Rogachev, on ihe main .railroad to Bobruisk and Minsk, 14 miles north of Zhlobin would mean that the southern end of the White Russian front was crumbling before the Russian blows and threatens the rail junction of Zhlobin itself with encirclement. Premier Stalin ordered Dno's capture celebrated at Moscow Thursday night with 12 salvoes from 124 cannon. Moscow has remained silent recently on the White Russian offensive, which the Germans'an- nounced Wednesday had broken the nazis' lines northeast of Uo- gachev, resulting in heavy lighting. Pskov ilseif, 64 miles west of Dno, was threatened from 2 other directions by soviet forces driving down from Strugi Krashoye, 44 miles to the northeast, and from the frozen marsh and forest country to the northwest, -where troops of Gen. Leonid A. Govorov's Leningrad army last were reported 25 miles away. ~^ Strugi Krashoye, a town on the Leningrad-Pskov trunk railway and ; 30 ,other localities were captured .Wednesday .by Gp"vorov's. : J ef t 'MHri'e-rthe" Moscow bulletin-'' · said. Gen, K. A:,MeretskoVE Volk- hov army smashed westward along the Staraya Russa-Pskov railway for 10 miles to breach the defenses o£ Dno, liberating more than 150 hamlets on. the way. One force,'the Russians said, cleared a portion of .the Leningrad-Vitebsk railway northeast of the junction while other units reached Seme- novshchina, 34 miles from Dno. More than 2,500 Germans were killed on the north Russian front, Moscow declared. The German high command acknowledged, soviet advances in the north, saying that "in the northern sector of the eastern front our detaching movements southwest and west of Lake Ilmen were continued according to plan." West and northwest of Krivoi HOST, iron mine center in the Dnieper :Bend far to the south, troops of Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky's third Ukrainian army wiped out 6,000 Germans and captured several nazi-hcld communities, the Kusslan communique reported, as they poshed on toward the Bus river. Here, it appeared, Nazi Marshal Fritz von Mannstein might elect to make a stand against the soviet drive on the approaches to Ru- U'A. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1944 Demos Insist Barkley Continue to Be Leader APPROVE REBUFF GIVEN TO F. R. Kentuckian Re-Elected Majority Party Chief Washington, (/Pj--An unanimous democratic vote returned Senator Barklcy Thursday to the senate leadership he resigned in a sensational rebuff to President Roosevelt's tax veto, and the veteran Kentuckian announced' he would continue in the important party post.. . - . Stamping, in effect, their approval on Barkle'y's bitter denunciation 'of-Mr.fRoosevelt's tax- message, democratic senators roared their acceptance of his resignation and just as enthusiastically re-elected him leader--a leader greatly enhanced in congressional, if not also party, prestige. The president, to whom Barkley directed his stinging rebuke in an extraordinary speech Wednesday climaxed by his'resignation, had joined in asking Barkley to continue, in a telegram saying "your differing with me' does not affect my confidence in your leadership nor in any degree lessen my respect and affection for you personally." After the dramatic party conference, f r o m which Barkley walked sternly after handing in his resignation, the Kentuckian, Fires Set in London by Night Raid London, f/P--Smoke from fires set by German night raiders still rose over. London Thursday as nazi reconnaissance planes " flew boldly over the city and touched off the first bona fide day alert experienced in tfie capital has many months. Appearance of the German scouts, apparently checking damage done_in «he 4(h sharp raid on London in 6 nights, underscored commentator's warning an RAF that the Lnftwaffe has shifted strone bomber formations to France and presumably is ready io continue the current series of streamlined attacks. Anti-aircraft guns roared into action as 2 enemy planes wire spotted streaking over the capital shortly after the breakfast hour. It was the first real daylight alert since last July 9. Thousands of incendiaries and many high explosive'bombs were showered down on the capital Wednesday night, causing dozens of deaths and widespread damage. At least 4 of the raiders were reported downed. Berlin is boasting that a "non- slop^ offensive" has been launched against the British capital, according to a dispatch to the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet. AH the siained ylass windows were blown from a chapel near one of London's historic buildings and, while the exterior suffered damage, the chapel's richly-ornamented interior was marred only slithlly. too, expressed to reporters his "deepest personal affection" for Mr. Roosevelt. The conference, by unaniinous votes, immediately accepted the resignation, then re-elected him leader. Barkley's acceptance followed in his office, when 6 senators advised him formally of the overwhelming vote of confidence. They rcporied that Barkley was so moved during his accenlaiice of the honor that his voice broke and tears came into his eyes. Thus was enacted the second chapter in a political drama-'which raised a serious democratic challenge to President .Roosevelt's leadership in the 1944 election year. Senator McKellar of Tennessee snid of the party caucus behind closed doors that Mr. Roosevelt was not discussed at all. .nor was ihere any talk of "any extraneous subjects whatsoever." Shortly after Barkley's re-election, the nous* voiced its own stern disapproval of the tax veto by voting 293 lo 95 to pass the tax not surpassed in the history of the senate." When a reporter asked JfcKel- lar whether Barkley should now be regarded as spokesman for senate democrats rather than for the white house, Barkley whispered to the Tennessecan: "You don't have to answer that" and McKellar replied: "I'd rather not answer it. Every one can have his own views." Emerging from the guarded doors of the conference room, the democratic senators reported that by a unanimous vote they had accepted his resignation, then reelected him unanimously. The committee was composed of Senators Thomas (D-Utah), a staunch new dealer: Connally (D Tteas), George (D-Ga.), Clark (D-Mo.);..Tydings (D-Md.)J .'and Walsh ·;·'( D-Mass:):; - '· - · · -----; J - ·; r~^ Connally piloted passage of the Smith-Connally labor bill through the senate over President Roosevelt's x'eto. All the 'others except Thomas, have.been at odds with the president from time to time. Barkley's dogged insistence on resigning the post lie has held for 7 years--nearly twice ns .Ion" as any other occupant--was taken as an indication of the gravity of his President Roosevelt bill tions. over the president's objec- Barkley said he would reply, probably later Thursday, to President Roosevelt's telegram urging him to accept re-election as leader, and said he would make his reply public. Asked if he would continue to attend white house conferences of legislative leaders, he replied: "Of course I will, if I'm invited to attend them." "What do you care to say about the 4th term?" he was asked next "Not a thing,"/ Earkley responded. Senator BlcKetlar said President Roosevelt's telegraphed message to Barkley was "not read and not mentioned," in the caucus which also adopted a resolution of high praise for Berkley's service and attainments. The resolution said: "We assure Senator Barkley of our confidence in him as our leader, of our affectionate regard and abiding respect as a fellow senator, and our desire that he shall continue to serve us. cur party and our country in the great post of power and duty to which we have repeatedly called him and which he has honored by service break over the chief executive's tax bill veto. Barkley told the senate Wednesday he was quitting to save his "selt respect." Cheers and rebel yells broke out among democratic senators as Barkley had walked into a party conference. To a man. the assembled democrats arose and gave him.a rousing ovation before the door had closed for (he executive'session. Barkley emerged Thursday probably the most potent democratic presidential possibility outside the white house as a lighting- mad congress rallied behind him in his sensational break with President Roosevelt. With allied capitals "around the world looking on. a domestic drama of Tar-reaching implica- , tions rose to crescendo pilch as I Jnembcrs of ihe nation's dominant party took sides in the most serious challenge thus far to Mr. Roosevelt's leadership. Barkley's senatorial colleagues virtually guaranteed him a smashing vote of confidence as they met to reject his resignation as majority leader--a post in which he had served as the president's legislative lieutenant for 7 years. Mr. Roosevelt himself, moving swiftly to head off a revolt that promised, in the eyes of some observers, to elevate Barklcy to the foremost ranks of presidential possibilities this year, expressed a hope that the Kentuckian's resignation would not be accepted. He urged Barkley, in a telegram addressed "Dear Alben," not to resign. Party dissension flamed high in the house, too, as that body convened to vote on the question of overriding the president's veto of a §2,300,000,000 new tax bill-the issue which led Barkley to announce, in an impassioned speech on the senate floor Wednesday, that he was through carrying "the flag of Franklin D. Roosevelt." C h a i r m a n Doughton (D.-N. Car.) of the house ways and means committee, a n o t h e r erstwhile Roosevelt stalwart, declared the veto message marked the point "where I part company with the president of the United States." The president had contended the tax bill was inadequate for wartime needs. Barkley, declaring the president was guilty of misstatements and of making a "deliberate and calculated assault upon the honesty and integrity" of congress, said: ! "Other members may do as they pleased. I do not propose to lake this unjustifiable assault lying down." BREAK WITH SPAIN URGED Coffee Calls Franco Puppet of Hitler Washington. {JP)~ Rep. Coffee (D.-Wash.) Thursday demanded that the United States immediately break all diplomatic relations with Spain. "We must make this break now on our own terms." he said in a speech prepared for delivery in the house, "before the axis forces us to break with fascist Spain on terms such as Japan handed us at - - . , called for a house investigation of /falangist activities in ' South America, denounced F r a n c o " ; Spain's leader, as "Hitler's faithful puppet" and as a man of worthless promises. There is no doubt, Coffee declared, as-to whore falangist Spain fits into the axis war picture. " 'Neutral' Spanish ships," he said, '-deliver thousands ' ot nazi agents to ports in every American nation. 'Neutral' Spanish ships deliver thousands of tons of nazi propaganda to all Latin America. 'Neutral' Spanish ships rendezvous with nazi submarines in Latin American waters; supply them with oil. water, and them information on ments of united nations convoys "In the face of the cold facls about Franco in Spain and Franco in Latin America, why arc %vc permitting a new smokescreen to be raised in Madrid and in London and in Washington when the issue of Spain's role Js broached? "Why all-this pious dream talk about Franco's 'new' neutrality? Why all this fantastic nonsense about Franco breaking with Hit- food: give the move- T'ne Spanish people, the representative declared, do not want Franco, adding that they are a "thousand times more weary of fascism than they are ot war."" He called upon congress to so on record as favoring an immediate break with Franco and to offer the moral and physical resources of this nation to the unified Spanish anti-fascist underground movement. This Paper Consists ol Two Secllons--SecUon On. MAKES ALL NORTH It)WANS NtlGHBORS Speculation Grows That Yanks Again Caught Japs by Surprise Pcurl Harbor, oj.FB--Hundreds ol U. S. planes from a powerful nuval task force that thrust to within 1,300 miles of Tokyo were believed Thursday to h a v e wrecked another portion of the Japanese fleet in an assault on the twin Mariana bases ot rmian and Saipan, next-to-the- last Pacific barriers to Japan itself. Speculation grew that the car- ried-iiased planes, duplicating the American victory at Truk. 650 miles to the southeast, caught Japanese uruisers, destroyers and nossibiy even battleships and carriers in the Mariana strongholds and sent many of them to the bottom under a rain of bombs and torpedoes. \ Adm. Chester W. Nimitz commander of the, Pacific fleet, announced in a communique Wed ncsday that the assault be«an Tuesday. No details were available, he said, and it was presumed that the task force had resumed radio silence until it reaches less dangerous waters. (Radio Tokyo remained silent on the Mariana raid, instead quoting Adm. Sankichi Takahashi former communder-in-chief of the Japanese combined Heel, as saying that the "enemy so tar has failed to give any blow to Japanese naval strength.") The raid came only 5 days after carrier-based planes, perhaps including those making the new attack .sank 19 Japanese ships, probably sank 7 others, destroyed at least 201 enemy planes and wrecked shore installations at Truk in the Carolines Feb 16 and 17. It also coincided with the occupation of the last of the islands in Eniwetok atoll, northwestern- most of the Marshall islands 750 miles northeast of Truk. Nimitz said Parry island, on the southeastern side of Eniwetok, was Captured Tuesday night, a little HIPPK amTM H° use Overrides Roosevelt NmluAITACKu A f T n«n «w* A «- NEARER TOKYOY eto ^ f I^Blir299Jo 95 EXPECT SENATE TO TAKE SAME ACTION FRIDAY «?.r?r»a«f-:»«^-·~*~.---,:rT~+-^ -.mpntafeaji..^:;houry .after marine Cof.ee. who p r e vii OTIS 1 y h^Hind army.: invaSSb'uTtroSSrM^it 'lied for a hnn-sp fn\'octroi *;»·, £»ch«..,. ..,,,ji_ · - . ' _ / Vi. - r -*^r" . _ _. f ,,.,,..,,,.,,. /ashore under cover of ^ ferriific" air and naval bombardment. Only 48 prisoners' were captured on the whole atoll. The remainder of the garrison of possibly '3,000 including 100 more on Parry, was wiped out to the last man. -·The occupation of Eniwetok was completed in 5 days. 3 fewer than were required for the capture o[ Kwajaicia atoll, 355 miles to the southeast, 2 weeks earlier and gave the United States an excellent air base and naval anchorage within easy striking distance of Truk and Wake island, 600 miles northeast of Eniwetok. The naval task force attack on the ( Marianas represented the deepest penetration of Japanese wafers from (lie south or east since the last raid on Marcus last September and Maj. Gen. James II Doolittle's raid on Tokyo in April, Saipan lies 1,100 miles west of Eniwetok-,. l.aOO miles west of Kwajalein, 3,600 miles west of Pearl Harbor and 1,200 miles east of the Philippines. The only other formidable Japanese base between the Marianas and Tokyo is in (He Bonin islands, Oljl lllc tla y. U. S. Heavy Bombers Batter Gotha, Schweinfurt Plants FIGHTING AGAIN FLARES ALONG ANZIO FRONTIER Allied Artillery Breaks Up German Groups Preparing to Attack Allied Headquarters, Naples, (fl)--Fighting again flared on the Anzio front, with artillery gunners breaking up German groups preparing to attack in front of American troops west of Cisterna and allied troops repulsing nazi attempts to infiltrate their lines southwest of CaiToceto, allied headquarters announced Thursday. While 4-engined bombers were ranging into Austria and attacking an important German aircraft assembly plant at Stcyr, the tactical air force swung over the coast of Italy and Jugoslavia, showering bombs on enemy shipping from which the enemy has been feeding supplies into the Italian battle areas. The air command announced that 6 liberators were lost in the Steyr attack. The bomber crews shot down 32 enemy fighters and escorting lightnings accounted for another. In a visit Thursday to the Mediterranean theater, Lt. Gen. Carl A, Spaatz, commander of the American strategic bombing force based in Britain and the. Mediterranean, talked with the liber- ~al6r-cre ws- who · hi t Steyi" a n d- explained -how · the- Ilaly-ba~sed air offensive is being co-ordinated with attacks Irom England. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker. allied air commander in the Mediterranean, accompanied Spaalz on his tour in this theater. Patrol actions incl sharp exchanges of artillery fire continued on the main 5th army front in the Cassino area. Allied shells apparently hit German munitions or gasoline clumps in the mountains northwest of Cassino. Explosions were observed in 3 places. Although sharp fighting occurred at some points on the beachhead and enemy movements suggested js'azi Field Marshal Albert Kesselring; was regrouping his forces for a 3rd try at driving the allies into the sea, the German high command did not commit any sizable forces to action _ . -·-· V 4 * I U L ^ U ( Jf HI * their 5th consecutive day of smashing at the very roots of German air power deep in the reich. The 4-engined craft renewed the war's greatest aerial offensive as swarms of American marauders and British typhoons were striking across the channel. Gotha is in central Germany 158 miles southwest of Berlin. Schweinfurt. where the American air forces suffered one of their most grievious losses of GO flying fortresses last Oct. 14, is 220 miles southwest of Berlin. The Berlin radio reported extensive air battles over northwest and central Germany. Several key continental radio stations had left the air. The allied daylight assault was resumed after German raiders sharply attacked London Wednesday night and RAF mosq.uitos had set sirens wailing in Germany again in a series of scattered attacks over the western reich. Dutch airfields were the targets selected for the daylight pounding by the American medium marauders. They struck' under /over of allied fighters while the RAF's typhoon fighter-bombers Wednesday and changed hands. n o g r o u n d German planes continued to bomb and shoot up beachhead troops until noon, but rain in the afternoon kept them on the ground. Heavy cannonading resounded from both lines Ihrbugh- J which lie 900 mjlcs north of S n i - j British forces'of 11 · pan and only UOO miles south of beat otf a small-scale 42 Prewar Tires Found in Basement; Man Held Los Angeles, (U.R)--Andrew Pat Malonc, window washer, was held by police Thursday after they found 42 pre-war tires, 13 wheel rims, 30 cases of canned foods and 13 saxophones in his basement. Malone said his ration board gave them to him. Weather Report \ FORECAST Mason City: Fair and warmer Thursday .night and Friday. Lowest temperature at Mason City, 25. Iowa: Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with no important temperature change. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Thursday night and cloudy Friday with light snow north and west central portions by afternoon. Decreasing winds Friday. Warmer Thursday night becoming colder north and west portions Friday. I N MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday · 38 Minimum Wednesday :0 At 8 a. m. Thursday 20 Tokyo. Rear Adm. Marc A. Mitscher commanded the carriers attacking the Marianas, a spokesman for Nirnit/. revealed. Mitscher held a similar command under the overall direction ot Adm. Raymond A. Spruancc in the Truk assault. While the Mariana attack was under way. other strong elements of the American central Pacific forces repeatedly attacked enemy positions in the Marshalls and Carolines Monday and Tuesday. :ie 8th army - - .. German attack in the region of Guardiagrele, about 20 miles inland from the Adriatic on a highway southeast of Ortona. Other patrols inflicted casualties on the Germans near Arielli. In sweeps across the Adriatic, planes of the tactical airforce wove a close-knit pattern of bombs along the length of the Jugoslav coast, covering Zara harbor, the harbor near Marina, a landing field near Knin, a motor convoy nnvtli nf Cnl;* ~.,,1 _ ! _ : _ _ : ; _ _ .1. . , north of Split and shipping in the went after military objectives in northern France. The renewed assault came on the heels of a U. S. strategic air force headquarters announcement which said lhat the concentrated American air attacks on German aircraft factories have so reduced nazi fighter production that every enemy plane shot down in combat now is a vital contribution toward knocking Germany's air force out of action. Official statements here and from allied headquarters, Naples, said a total of 343 German planes had been shot down in the last 4 days by American airmen in attacks on Germany from Britain and Italy. Thirty-three of these .weve~ sh oti. d o w.n - Wednesday. i 11" an attack' on Steyr, rA'ustria,-.by liberators and escoi-tih'g-fighlers ifrofn Italy. An allied Mediterranean com- munique said that 37 enemy planes were destroyed in operations in that theater Wednesday, which included attacks on targets in Italy as well as the raid on Steyr. The day's over-all allied losses were yiven ns 7 planes, but the communique did not break this figure down. Compensation Official Says It's Okay to Sleep on job Certain Times Hartford, Conn.. W)---Cornelius A. Moylan, unemployment compensation commissioner, says it's okay to sleep on the job under certain circumstances. Awarding unemployment compensation to Nick Rentavlps, G3, of Nev.' Britain, who was discharged for sleeping at his bench, Moyiand said the employe merely "took a cat nap"-while waiting for work to be brought to him. This was not n s u f f i c i e n t reason for him to be fired. IMoyiaij ruled. Drvenick channel. Spitfires at- (ackr 1 Corfu off the Greek coast. A', some points hcdgchopping spitfires saw Jugoslav partisan forces waving as they roared to their targets. On Ihe northwest coast of Ttaly Mitchell bombers blasted enemy shipping in Castigliencello harbor. near Leghorn. Altogether 7 allied planes were lost from this theater Wednesday and 36 German planes were shot down. "--- -:- -:-...-S-.« 5g*rAv'-v ""R»b»ut '" PNO ,! WX w"*i Rebellion! in Democrat Ranks Reels Political Capital Back on Heels Washington, (.1") -- In strident rebellion against President Roosevelt's tax views, the house Thursday voted 299 to 95 to pass the $2,300,000,000 new revenue biJl over his veto. Ninety-nine democrats and one minor party member joined 199 republicans in voting to override. Three republicans, 3 minor party members and 89 democrats voted to sustain the chief executive. Only 283 votes were required to override the veto. The opponents of the veto thus had 36 votes to spare in getting their two-thirds majority. The senate is expected to du- plicatf the house action Friday putting the tax bill on the statute books, "the president's objections notwithstanding." A rebellion in democratic ranks that reeled political Washington back on its heels preceded the house action. Involved were Senate Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky, and Chairman Doughton (D.-N. Car.) of the ways and means committee, both of whom called for action over-riding the president. The house galleries were filled an hour before the motion to override came to a roll call, and crowds gathered in the. halts of the capitol to catch even a small glimpse of the proceedings. The 80 year old Doughton declared he had "parted company" with the president on the'veto issue, saying Mr Hoosevelt's mes- '8 Iowans Join.jnV*^ ""="- Overridingf Veto' ^ Washington. (ip)--lowa'» * ·Am- bers of the house voted with U» majority Thursday when the house overrode the president's veto of the tax bill by a score of 299 to 95. The loivans arc all rcpubli- sage reflected ''on the judgment and integrity of the congress of the United Slates." and that the executive "has told us in effect that if you'll accept my dictation and abdicate your responsibility, I'll approve what you do." Mr. Roosevelt's Washington birthday veto message described Ihc tax bill as a measure for the relief of "the greedy." This was the 2nd time within a year the president hat! been over- riden in the house. The Smith- Connally anti-strike bill became law last June over the president's veto, the house voting 244 to 105 to override. Mr. Roosevelt has been successful during that lime in having- 2 vetoes sustained. Both of these vetoes prevented the outlawing of food subsidies as a part of the wartime stabilization program. Thursday's house action was one of the worst legislative, setbacks the president has suffered since he took office 11 years ago. Immediately alter the overriding vote Hep. Ktiutson. (R.. Minn.) republican leader of the ways and means committee, issued a statement calling for "a complete shakcup o[ Ihe policy-making personnel in the treasury department." In a j o i n t statement Wednesday, Knutson and Doughton said, they hoped f h e treasury "would cease trying to obstruct when it cannot dictate,"' indicating inability of the lax-writing law-makers to get along further with present treasury policy-making personnel. Knutson said "congress has been unable to rely upon treasury tax recommendations, or the information upon which such recommendations arc based." The republican tax leader announced he was introducing Thursday a bill to establish the bureau of internal revenue as an independent agency, "so that it may serve both the president and the congress unfettered by Ihc theorists and star-gazers i n treasury.'' the OPA Rent Director Told to Vacate Home W i l m i n g t o n , N. Car., (fp)-- George W. Jeffrey, office of price administration rent director tot the Wilmington area, said his rented house had been sold and the new owner had asked him to vacate by March 1. 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