Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 26, 1934 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 26, 1934
Page 3
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THURSDAY, APRIL 26,1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREK MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LEE 8VNDIC.ATE NEWWAVEB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 23 East State street Telephone No. 38 LEE P. L O O M l S ~ - - "- Publisher - · Managing Editor - - - City Editor Advertising Manager W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLO*D L. GEER . MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATE PRESS--The Associated Press is excl sively entitled to the use for publieatio of a!l news dispatches credited to it o not otherwise credited in this paper, an also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear Lak by t6e year $7.00 by the week S .: OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier $7.00 By moll 0 months $2.1 Per week by carrier .... $ .15 By mall 3 months SI.:" Per year by mall ...... $4.00 By mall 1 month 9 .: OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year..... .$8.00 six months $3.00 Three month3....Jl. I am ashamed of my master and not of my servitude.--SENECA. NOT SO IMPORTANT ·pASSAGE of the Johnson bill, forbidding credit t governments which are in default of their obliga tions to this country, has stirred up a hornet's nest Russia, where some hundred-odd millions of debts con traded by the Kerensky revolutionary governmen have been repudiated. The American Export-Impor bank for Russian trade has taken the position tha Russia is included among those hit by the Johnson bil and Russian plans for making heavy purchases in thi country on credit have been dislocated by the ruling Says an official publication of the Russian heav industries, the branch of Russian trade which was ex pected to do most business with this country: "Experience has shown that disputed questions sue as claims and counter-claims need time for their set tlement because of the necessity of protracted nego tiations. If the authors of the bank's resolution hope t use it as a means of pressure to obtain concession from us they will find such an attempt futile. "Our preference for everything American was ex pressed by Ambassador (foreign minister) Litvinov " Washington and since then those plans have shown definite trend toward America. In view of the presen situation, however, we are compelled to admonish ou economic planners that this 'deviation' must bi straightened." It remains to be seen whether the American ad ministration will scare over this Russian threat t withdraw its patronage. Presumably it will not, since the decision of the Export-Import bank to include Rus sia among the .nations that must settle old debts be fore obtaining more credit could not have been made without knowledge that Russia has been strenuouslj objecting to paying the Kerensky loans. Probably the heads of the bank figure that Russia's trade is not so vastly important as Moscow would like to have us believe. A look at the record with other countries shows that Moscow has been using this game maneuver greatly to her own advantage for some years The method is to dangle the total of Russian purchases before a government, and hint that if favorable credit terms are forthcoming, and Russian exports'are ac^ epted in a large ratio, the whole of this Russian busi- Less will go to that country with whom Moscow is negotiating. Tempted by the bait Italy, Germany and Eng;land in turn came to'Russian terms, find hat as soon as the credits were granted, Russia turned · *· other countries, and the expected volume of Russian -fade was disappointing. In most cases over a period of a couple of years Russia sold her creditors much more than she bought. There is a mistaken idea about the volume of Russian trade. It is not nearly so large as the size of Russia would indicate. Most cursory observers are surprised to discover that the total volume of export and import business of little Sweden, for example, equals or exceeds the total of Russian foreign trade. And Sweden asks for only ordinary credit terms, while Russian business must be done on the basis of from one to four years for collections. THE OLD DEMOCRACY rpHAT criticism of the "new deal" isn't confined to the rival party is rather apparent in the following excerpt from an utterance by the venerable Senator Carter Glass' of Virginia in assailing what he regards as the "unsound currency policies" of the Roosevelt administration: "The new deal, taken all in all, is not only a mistake; it is a disgrace to the nation, and the time is not far distant when we shall be ashamed of having wandered so far from the dictates of common honesty. "I would no more hesitate to tell the truth to the president than to anybody else. This implies no lack of respect for the office. On the contrary, it is more important to tell the truth to the president than to anybody else, because so few people do it. "If there weren't so many people who depend upon me, and by that I do not mean my family, I would rather have died than to live to see the disgrace of this era. This isn't a democracy any more. It's moboc- racy. Just look at the behavior of the house if you don't believe me. "Even the supreme court has become a menace to the nation, as is evidenced by its recent Minnesota decision. It is clearly stated in the constitution that no state may pass a law invalidating the sanctity of contracts. This was put into the constitution in regard to the states because so many of them were heavily in debt and it was feared that they might seek to repudiate these debts. Naturally, such a provision for the federal government was, not inserted because nobody ever dreamed that the federal governmnt would pursue such an irresponsible course. Consider in contrast the integrity of the highest court in England, which took an opposite view. If our courts had the courage and honesty to construe the gold clause in our bonds in the same way, this crowd of 'brain trusters' and "new dealers' would wish they had never been born when many of our debtor class discover that they owe almost twice as much as they did before." The point of interest in this is not that Carter Glass is exercising his sharp tongue. He has been doing that throughout his long and picturesque career in politics, most of it as a spokesman for the minority party. Jim Reed and Pat Harrison are about the only ones in contemporary times who compare with him along this line. The significance is that he speaks as an apostle of the oldtime democracy, the democracy which prides itself on a lineal descent from Jefferson. This oldtime democracy has ever so much more in common with republicanism as we know it today than with the "new deal" democracy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his professoriat, a fact which will become the more impressive with each passing day between now and the national party conventions of 1936. Hearstism: Favoring every proposal for government money-spending and then kicking because taxes are higher. WHY THIS ACCIDENT? TN A RECENT bus accident in Ohio, six passengers were killed outright and 13 others were Injured. A truck had stopped on the road. The bus driver, turned to avoid hitting it and crashed headlong Into a truck. The tragedy occurred in the early hours of the morning. The official investigation, it is hoped, will bring answer to the following pertinent questions: Why was the truck parked on the road? Were its rear lights plainly visible? Or flares? If so, could the bus driver have stopped in plenty of time? Were the lights of the oncoming truck plainly visible? The interest of public safety demands a most thorough and impartial investigation. Pertinent or Impertinent Apologists for the new deal have begun to admit that not everything has been done in the best possible way. That's an encouraging sign. The person who thinks he escapes taxation becaus he doesn't pay it at the courthouse ought, in consist ency, to believe in Santa Claus. "Dust Gets In Your Eyes" would be more appropri ate so far as the middle west is concerned this spring We nominate "Bulwinkle" as the most euphoneou name of the day. L DAILY SCRAP BOOK OTHER VIEWPOINTS WHO IS KING PALMER? Clint Hill in Mitchell County Press: As the devel- jpment of the primary campaign seems to be putting King Palmer well out in front of the field of candi- 3ates for the republican congressional nomination in this district, I am more and more frequently asked 'Who is this King Palmer friend of yours?" King Palmer was born in Fayette county, the son Df a storekeeper in the village of Hawkeye. He was graduated from the Hawkeye high school, and four ·ears later, at the age of 20, was graduated from the Jpper Iowa university at Fayette. On account of his father's failing health he took iver the operation of the Hawkeye store, which he :ontinued for three years, then entered the army and served the duration of the World war. At the conclusion of the war he engaged in the teaching profes- ion, and was for five years superintendent of the ag- icultural high school at Boxholm, Iowa. He then entered the life insurance business, resid- ng at West Union, and made his way to a district .gency, which he operated very successfully. Because of an unusual talent for speaking, couplec rith a varied experience that gave him a wide range t topics, he has long been in demand as a speaker be- ore civic groups of different kinds, and has in this vay acquired a wide acquaintance over a rather ex- ended territory in northeastern Iowa. He is now serv- ng his seventh year as a member of the board of edu- ation ol his home town, West Union. His family con- ists of his wife and two children. While it is true that my interest in Mr. Palmer's andidacy is actuated in part by my long friendship vith him, I believe I can honestly say that I would e also interested without the friendship if I were qually familiar with his qualifications. Though a man f outstanding mental ability, his viewpoint, his sym- athy, .his interests and his background is that of the ·mrnon run of us. It seems to me that his mental reactions to national, problems would be as representative of the peo- le of'this district'is those of any man we 1 could find. CAN'T MAKE MONKEYS OUT OP US! Cedar Rapids Gazette: Headlines in Tuesday's apers provide rich material for an interesting reverie n the prospects of civilizing man. It would not neces- arily be a pleasing reverie but--well, take a look: "North Dakota Governor to Be Tried May 15." "Leon Trotzky Ordered Out of France As Result f Red Activities." 'Dispute of Jobbers and Manufacturers Closes Dress Shops." 'Guests Say Wirt Talked All Evening, Spoiled Dinner Party."" "Daughter Born to Mail Pilot Killed in Crash at ·eWitL" "War Debts Ignored in British Budget." "Martelle Motorist Dies of Injuries Suffered in Crash." "Hearing of Adler Kidnaping Suspects Delayed." "Solomon Deemed All Women Faithless." "Three Sentenced for Selling Bonds Stolen From owan." "Revolution Rumors Voiced in France." "Soviets to Grant Open Court Trials." "Chicago City Employes Paid for First Half of 'ebruary." "Arrest Mother and Her Son as Taxicab Bandits." "Bolivians Drive Back Enemy in 100-Hour Battle." All these headlines and the thoughts they suggest ead naturally, by gradual stages, up the the grand imactic headline: "No Close Afinity Between Man and Apes." The apes will be glad to hear of this. OWDEN HOME WASN'T BUILT FROM FARMING Webster City Freeman-Journal: Harvey Ingham, one of his editorials in the Register, calls attention the Frank O. Lowden farms at Oregon, HI., as "a jlendid example of what the rural home may be." ut Mr. Lowden didn't build up his 5,000 acre farm nd improve it by hard work and from money se- ured for crops. Mr. Lowden married a tremendous rtune and expended a lot of money to make a show ace in Illinois. The subsistence homestead plan. nich Mr. Ingham was discussing, contemplates noth- g along the.Lowden order. As a matter of fact it ould be helpful to agriculture if so many very rich en did not go into farming, thus adding to the sur- us of farm products. There are many of them: Herert Hoover, J. C. Penney, William Randolph Heart, ranklin D. Roosevelt, and others. WANTED: ARTISTIC RADIO SPONSORS Christian Science Monitor: As it is, radio listeners ubsist largely on a fare of not very comic comedians, ance orchestras grinding out the same banal tunes, nediocre dramatic sketches, sirupy-voiced singers, ocial advisers of questionable value, readers of awful oetry, and penny-dreadful juvenile drama. Mean- 'hile, great orchestras starve or consort with strange edfellows in order to live, noted concert artists per- orm encore pieces of trivial value, while great plava --and the artists who could play them--languish. Lnce American radio depends upon sponsors, the need s for sponsors who have the artistic as well as the nancial courage to strike out upon new program entures. BY WHICH MUSSOLINI K KNOWN IS CORRUPTION oFI VERB"DUCO- MEANING . OBSERVING fejBfl!msa»w«romiBW ;! -^HE^CAR$ ON-THE BACK | OF-THIS WOMAN OF THE. LARRAKlA-lRIBE oF ARE A SlCjKJ OF WIDOWHOOD Copyright, 1934, by Central' Press Association, Jnc, If 15 UNLUCKY -To COMB-TfiE rlAiR AT NiqH'TiS AM OLD BELIEF -THAT CAME DOVW FROM OUR EARLY AMCES10R- 'THE POINT WAS ·ftACT ANY HAIR SCATTERED BY-rftE. USE OF-THE COMBS OF -tfto5E DAY$ MIGHT HAVE ACTED AS A 5±£MT-rb PROWUNq ASIMALS , W|-fH UNFORTUNATE RESULTS DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clcndcnlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up, in order, ID Uie dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendcnlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly ana not more than 200 words. By LOGAN CLENDEN1NO, M. D. THIN PERSON CAN GAIN WEIGHT I F DIETETICS is such an exact science--and I have been trying to show this week that it is, as physiological sciences go, a high rating for exactness--why isn't it possible, you ask, to keep people on a good average as to body weight? Of all dietetic questions, the two which interest most people are: "How can a skinny person like me, get plump?" and "How can a fatty like me, ge thin?" There are a great many 5 differen answers involved in these appar ently simple questions. Firat, anybody can observe, there is the matter of taste. I mean gustatory taste. It has' even become imbedded in a nursery rhyme. And Jacl Sprat, who would eat no fat, an his wife, who would eat no lean not only licked the platter clean bu they also developed two opposite types of body build. But the very fact that this mat ter of varying taste enters into the Dr. Clendenlngr calculations shows that dietetics is really an exact science. Because in spite of all the protests from the people involved, and in spite of the invocations to the action of the ductless glands, modem dietetic science has shown that people can get plump by eating more and get thin by eating less. And especially by eatinj .he right kind of food. With the overweights, we will not deal today, but we have recent proof that the proper dietetic control alone will cause the underweights to approximate a normal weight. In a private boarding school for boys, a separate dining room was arranged and ten places set for ten boys chosen for underweight, but otherwise normal. By giving them plenty to eat ( high caloric diet) and encouraging them to eat it, they all gained weight. Three points in the report, which is published in a well known medcial journal, are worth noting: 1. An especially rich diet did not cause a gain in weight as rapidly as an all-around "full" diet. To be larticular, cream and butter were not as effective as bread, butter, milk, meat, vegetables, sugar, desert and fruits. 2. The causes of underweight in older children are: a) A fundamental, unexplained taste for food low in autritive value, i. e., a boy given a chop will eat only the lean portion; (b) when underweight begins to be vident, nobody takes the trouble to advise the boy 0 eat foods high in nutritive value, naming the foods; c) a long, thin, stoop-shouldered form of body com- lined with over-activitiy in athletics. 3. It is not enough simply to bring the food to the underweight; by the aid of psychology he must be ncouraged to eat more than has been his custom. Two nstances: Instead of making a boy proud of saying, 1 haven't eaten a creamed potato for five years," e begins to boast of being a big, nondiscriminating ater. Play on vanity; if he is robust, he will be good ootball material. ONCE OVERS "By 1. ). tfCKDV* HERE ARE SOME FIGURES FOR YOU Falmont, Minn., Sentinel: Perhaps you do not get o see the weekly! reports of the condition of the deral treasury. Here are interesting key figures for he week ending April 7: Receipts .$44,490.648.28; Expenditures 5187,939,751.03; Balance in treasury, $4,731,558,547.91; Deficit, fiscal year, 52,655,107,341.31; Public debt, $26,179,042,127.46. COLFLESH WOULD HONOR THE OFFICE Perry Chief: We believe that Bob Colflesh will re- rn to the state house at Des Moines, if elected, the jnity commonly expected from such office. An ad- "nistration headed by him would demand the respect the citizenry of the commonwealth and would be jladly given. YOUR BUSINESS Often you object to what you term tne "surliness" f the boss. You wonder why he is not more affable and com- anionable. You have had the experience of watching him out- ide of working hours and you know that he can be pleasing fellow. But you cannot understand his change of attitude t soon as he takes up his workaday duties. It's likely that the course he follows on the job is ecessary because of those who would take advantage f good nature should he exhibit it. Perhaps you are not earnest enough in your work. Xou think of it so lightly that you do not concentrate fully upon it, and your mind wanders to outside matters. A successful boss cannot permit himself to do anything of this sort. His whole heart and attention must go to the work in hand. The office or shop is not a place for pleasantries. The work of a growing concern is too serious and the spirit of it is too demanding to allow anything but constant effort to be injected into its management. Take your job more seriously. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--The Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. --Psalm 14:2. EARLIER DAYS Being a Dally Compilation of Interesting It«mn from the "Ten, Twenty and Thirty Yearn Ago" Flies of the Globe-Unzette. Thirty Years Ago--· The labor unions of the city will assemble tills · evening at the hall and will be addressed by Dr. Parsons of the Baptist church upon some phases of the labor questions. An overcoat was taken from the hallway of the high school yesterday and no clew to the missing garment can be found. Someone is evidently getting ready for next winter. Martin Westcott left yesterday with his father for his home in Hanlontown. A. M. Graves reports having an experience with a holdup man on North State street last night. The bandit made threatening moves, but Mr. Graves eluded him and made good his escape. Col. L. B. Raymond of Hampton and Adjutant General Newman of Des Molnes are in tne city today making preparation for the coming Grand Army reunion in June. wonder if I have ever given space to this gem of journalism from the pen of Robert QuHlen. In addition to doing the "Aunt Het" saying and a daily release of editorial wisecracks, Mr. Quillen edits a weekly newspaper at Fountain Inn, S. Car. Every editor has longed to handle some social event some time in a straight forward, brutally truthful way. But few ever do. Quillen is the rare exception. Read on: "Robert Chetway and Miss Alice Broadkin were married at noon Monday at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. P. Q. Broadkin, the Rev. M. L. Gassoway officiating. "The groom is a popular young bum who hasn't done a lick of work since he got shipped in the middle of his junior year at college. He manages to dress) well and keep a . supply of spending money because his dad is a softhearted old fool who takes up his bad checks instead of letting him go to jail where he belongs. "The bride is a skinny, fast little idiot who has been kissed and handled by every boy in town since she was 12 years old. She paints like a" Sioux Indian, sucks cigarets in secret and drinks mean corn liquor when she is out joy-riding in her dad's car at night. She doesn't know how to cook, sew or keep house. "The house was newly plastered for the wedding and the exterior newly painted, thus appropriately carrying out the decorative scheme for the groom was newly plastered, also, and the bride newly painted. "The groom wore a rented dinner suit over athletic underwear of imitation silk. His pants were held up by pale green suspenders. His number eight patent leather shoes matched his state in tightness and harmonized nicely with the axle- grease polish of his hair. In addition to his jag he carried a pocket knife, a bunch of keys, a dun for the ring and his usual look of imbecility. "The bride wore some kind of a white thing that left most of her legs sticking out at one end and her bony upper end sticking out at the other. "The young people will make their home with the bride's parents --which means they will sponge on the old man until he dies and then she will take in washings. "Postcript: This may be the last issue of the Tribune, but my life's ambition has been to write up one wedding and tell the unvarnished truth. Now that It is done, death can have no sting." Twenty Years Ago-SAN ANTONIO, Texas--Reports received here by phone say that Mexican Federals in Nuevo Larado, Mexico, were firing across the river into Laredo, Texas. VERA CRUZ--With the landing of 700 marines from the battleship Mississippi and a battalion of bluejackets, the total American forces ashore reaches 6,500 men. George V. Richards has sent word here that he is safely across the United States border and will arrive in Mason City with his wife and son next week. Among the speakers at the Iowa Electrical Men's convention at Cedar Rapids was Frank J. Hanlon. WASHINGTON--Word has been received here by Secretary Bryan that 19 Americans and one Englishman captured at the Matzorango plantation in central Mexico have been executed by a firing squad. Winfred Bouldin, son of Dr. I. W. Bouldin, has enlisted for fighting on the Mexican front, and will soon leave with his company for Vera Cruz aboard the dreadnaught, New York. Ten Years Ago-Mrs. Charles Coddon of Minneapolis Is visiting relatives and friends in the city. W. E. Deming, state motor vehicle inspector, arrived in Mason City Wednesday for the purpose of cleaning up delinquent automobile license payments for 1924. S. D. Drake is spending today in Des Moines attending to business matters. ST. ANSGAR--The army balloon V-li landed near here because of an approaching storm, after covering approximately 1,000 miles since its start Wednesday m the national elimination balloon races. James E. Taylor, bridge inspector, has gone to Anamosa, where he will inspect a bridge under construcf: "n. . H. L. Leverance of Des Moines has taken over the concessions in the Union Bus depot. made reference in a recent item here to the belief held by many that the conventional position of the hands on jewelers' advertising clocks--18 minutes past 8--has something to do with the time of President Lincoln's death. My contention was that such belief was without basis. Comes now J. P. Randall of Sheffield with an interesting little note bearing on that subject. He haa unearthed a copy of the New York Herald of Saturday April 15, I860. The shooting of the president had occurred the previous night. The dispatches placing the time of death varied from 9:30 o'clock p. m. to 10 o'clock. The following telegram from Edwin M. Stanton, secretary of war, was presented under the heading, "The President Dead:" "Washington, April 15.--7:30 a. m. Major General Dix, New York, Abraham Lincoln died this morning at 22 minutes post 7 o'clock." Mr. Randall knows this New York Herald is an original copy. He also has a copy of the famous "Ulster County Gazette," printed at Kingston, N. Y.. but he recognizes this as one of the numerous reprints. am glad to present this seasonable poem, "House Cleaning Time," from the pen of a 95 year old bachelor, R. H. Langstroth of the Odd Fellows home: I wakp. In the morolnK. my heart full of Joy. Continue to whistle and fling The sun la ao warm, the grass Is ao green. I'm enjoying this beautiful spring- 1 call on my neighbor to Join in my sonff, Found him having a beautiful grouch. The reason was plainly apparent to me, His wife had commenced cleaning house. She appeared In the door with a broom In her hand And a towel tied over her hair. And tho dog and the cat very aoon dlti decide To be any place rather than there. She says, "Of a truth, John, in cleaning the bedroom : found something that looks llko a bug. But, John, do hurry, there'/i no time for gossip better be beating that rug." I went home at that thought--a clean houci Is nice. Wife and children to call you their pappy. But vhen you consider the trouble and wor'r I'd sooner b« dirty and happy. would list under the heading of "unimportant but true" the discovery made by C. E. a few days ago that women button their coats on the left side whereas men button theirs on the right side. BY FREDERIC J.HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREU IN WASHINGTON TODAY IN HISTORY APRIL II Notables Born This Date--Freeman F. Gosden ). 1899, the Amos of Amos'n Andy. * * * David Hume, ). 1711, philosopher and historian. * * « John Clark lidpath,.b. 1840, historian. * * * Charles Farrar 3rowne, b. 1834, famous as a humorist under the lame of Artemas Ward. * * * Henry Morgenthau, b. 1856 capitalist and father of the U. S. Secretary' of he Treasury. * * * Robert Herrick, b. 1868, author. · * *Anita Loos, author--Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. 5he doesn't know what year she was born. * * * rwin Laughlin, b. 1871, steelmaker and diplomat. ' * * Harold Harmsworth, Lord Rothermere, b 1868, English master-journalist. (Brother of the late Lord Northcliffe). · t · 1607--The Susan Constant, of 100 tons, Capt rhristopher Newport: Goodspeed, 40 tons, Capt. Barthololomew Gosnold; and Discovery, 20 tons, Capt. John Ratcliffe--with 105 immigrants, arrived at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. The first English settlers n Virginia went ashore to give thanks to God and o name the two capes at the Bay's entrance Charles and Henry for the son of King James. After a few more days of looking around, they landed their tores; established the first permanent English set- lement in America called it Jamestown. · * · 18D8--William Sydney Porter, cashier in a Texas tank convicted of embezzlement after he had been a ugitive for months in Centra! America, was committed to Ohio penitentiary at Columbus, became No. 300664. In prison records he was entered as: "Born Greensboro, North Carolina; newspaper vriter; height 5 feet 7 inches; hair, medium chest- ut, sprinkled with grey; forehead, high and wide, lightly receding. Heavy drinker: good education." The world knows him best as 0. Henry, great short tory writer. Out of his prison experiences came one notable story: Alias Jimmy Valentino. When was the magazine, St. Nicholas, first published? E. S, In 1878. What expressions were used In the Gay Nineties as great, swell, and hot are used today? J. O. The slang expression, swell, first appeared in 1900, but was used in England much earlier than that meaning a well-dressed man or a gentleman, Other slang phrases used in the period of the Gay Nineties expressing the same idea were bully, dandy and sometimes Jim- dandy. Docs an automobile when slipping on frozen roads really slide on the ce or on water? J. S. The bureau of standards says on water. The same applies to a skater on ice. Are a great many preparations called patent medicines which have never been patented? C. W. The term has often been incorrectly used for the type of preparations sold for self-medication in eneral. These are proprietary preparations. There are comparatively few real patent medicines. What is the route for the proposed Florida canal? H. P. There are several proposed routes. The project has been referred to a committc for approval. It must then be referred to the secretary of war and finally to congress. Nothing constructive has been done concerning the matter. What is Dutch gold? E. G. An alloy of copper and zinc, invented by Prince Ruppert of Bavaria. What hen holds the egg record? E. J. The champion egg laying hen is a white leghorn, Lady Ann, owned by Lyle Funk of Shirley, HI., who has 1,300 eggs to her credit. She is 10 years old and was hatched in an incubator. Why arc some medical questions answered, while others are out of your field? H. Y. Questions regarding the history of medicine, names of hospitals, established facts about diseases and the like, can be answered because these facts can be ascertained by a 1 layman. Medical diagnoses and ad- I vice is strictly in the professional ! field and should not be given by anyone outside. Questions within the ; scope of an information service are carefully answered by researchers trained to this work. Send questions to this newspaper's information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Enclose coin or stamp for reply postage. Where was Whistler artist, born? M. r. Whistler gave numerous cities as the place of his birth, but it actually occured in Lowell, Mass., in 1834. He died in London in 1903. Whistler had no family. He was married to a widow whose death occurred before his. Define lork-out, black list. E. n. | Lock-out--refusal of an employer ' to furnish work for his employes and is used as a means of coercion. Black list--Persons considered deserving of adverse discrimination. Closed shop--One which employes only union men. It is closed against non-union men. Open shop--Em- ployes both union and non-union men. A strike consists of the refusal of an employe to work unless his employer agrees to certain conditions. When did American Legion fornit J. M. Scarcely had the Armistice been signed in Nevember, 1918, when steps were taken looking toward an organization of American veterans of tlie World war. The groundwork was laid at the Paris caucus on March 15-17, 1919. A similar caucus was held at Washington on March 7, 1919. Organization work was started in the United States and in France on April 7. A caucus was held at St. Louis, Mo., May 810, 1919. A temporary constitution was adopted and general policies were formulated. On Sept. 16, 1919. a charter was granted by congress :o the American Legion. What is olericulture? N. M. Growing esculent vegetables. Do college graduates, who specialize in chemical engineering, stick to this line of work? M. K. Prof. Alfred H. White, University of Michigan, 1931, found in his study of occupations and earnings of chemical engineering graduates, that more than 70 per cent of the chemical engineering graduates :rom 1920 to 1930 were employed by industrial organizations; 15 per cent were teachers, employes of government bureaus or in research nstitutes and less than 10 per cent, after 10 years, were in fields other :han chemical engineering. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen ''There ain't nothin' that makes you suffer like nerves unless it's havin' the ignorant think you're puttin' on." \

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