The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 25, 1934 · Page 12
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April 25, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 25, 1934
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Page 12
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fWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE APRIL 25 · 1934 NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) Better Roads Better Farming LITTERS AND NOT PIGS COUNTED IN CORN-HOG PLAN Ruling Received by Olson From Dr. Black, Chief of Department. If has full allotment of litters is farrowed this year, but the number of pigs saved and raised for market from such Utters is below the pig production allotment under the contract, the producer will not be permitted to farrow additional litters to fulfill his pig allotment, according to word received by County Agent M. E. Olson from Dr. A. G. Black, chief of the Corn-Hog Section of the AAA. "Paragraph 2 of the contract states that the producer must re. duce his hog litters in 1934, as well as the number of hogs produced for . market, by not less than 25 per cent," Dr. Black said. "It should be · · kept in mind, however, that the producer who signs the conlract gets his hog reduction payments ..even though he should lose all of his hogs through disease in 1934." May Buy Feeders. An amendment to paragraph i 1 relating to feeder pigs has been announced by the administration. Cooperators may purchase this year feeder pigs in excess of the adjusted avarage number purchased by him in 1932-33, provided: 1. That the producer files with the county allotment committee a signed request for the purchase of such excess feeder pigs which shall state: The number to be bought; from whom they are to be bought; and reasons for the purchase. Before the purchase is made the request must also be signed by a member of the community committee and approved by the county allotment committee. 2. That feeder pigs purchased in 1934 were farrowed on a farm located in the same county as the land under contract, and were bought only from persons who have executed contracts as producers and who have no feeder pig base. 3. That the following conditions with respect to production of hogs in 1934 by the producer are complied with: Must Be Reduced. a. That the number produced for '" market from this -year's -Utters "Is ! -reduced below the number other- · wise permitted under the contract by a number equal to such excess feeder pig purchases; or b That the purchaser owned, owns or will own no interest in any 1934 litters, in which case the number of feeder pigs which may be purchased this year shall not exceed 75 per cent of 'the adjusted ·number produced for market for 1932 or 1933 litters, whichever is If the purchaser has no hog or feeder pig base, and does not take advantage of Ruling No. 51, he may · purchase 6 up to 10 feeder pigs this .year, subject to paragraphs (1) and · (2 An*amtndment to Administrative Ruling No. 12 permits a "new producer" to have two litters in 1934, and hogs produced therefrom if he ' is unable to obtain a hog base by transfer as permitted in ruling. He is permitted to buy two sows or gilts for the purpose of having suck - litters. PROJECT MEETINGsllELD OSAGE, April 25--County Agent M. G Fabricius is holding a series · of corn-hog project meetings over the countyT Last week he covered Jenkins, Liberty, Carpenter, Stacyville Mclntre. Toeterville, and this week Monday, New Haven, Douglas township; Tuesday, St. Ansgar We Pay More tor HIDES AND WOOL --See-CARL STEIN Before You Sell DEAD Animals of-All Kinds Removed Mason City Rendering Co We pay phone calls, Phone 1096 .TOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 310 Fifth St. S. VV. Having Purchased a Truck . . . I Will Haul My BLACK PERCHERON STALLION from Farm to Farm Call 7 on 31 at NORA SPRINGS lor terms ° r dates M. C. BITTERMAN "IT SEEMS TO ME" A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day T. PERRBTT HOUSE . THE bank of the Shell Rock river, just southeast of Rock Falls, stands the Thomas Perrett homestead built in 1871, according to the history of Cerro Gordo county. Previous to this he had lived in a log house, built on the same site, in 1857,'by Mr. Perrett, two years before his marriage to Mary Jane Brown. Possibly the fact that a spring gushed forth at this point fixed this as the home site. The house is of stone, quarried close by and it was well built. The work was done by Hance and Jenkins of Mason City and B. A. Brown of Rock Falls. It is likely that the lime was burned at Nora Springs. Some years ago the outside, of the bouse ' was plastered with cement. With walls two feet thick and built on solid' rock it should be good for another 50 years. The land on which it stands was bought from the government in 1855 by Mr. Perrett, he making the rip on foot to Des Moines to make lis entry of this piece and some imber in Sec. 17. According to the notions of the early days he was well fixed as he had both wood and water. ______ Carl Draheim is a farmer opsrat- ng the Perrett farm in Falls town- hip, and living in the house pic- ured on this page. Besides being a fanner he is an all around good mechanic with the knack of adapting things for his use and almost having the ability to make something out of- nothing--or jerhaps it would be better to say -make .something valuable ,, .out, _o£ cast-off junk. Was an lion Moulder. He has been on the Perrett farm 12 years. Before coming to farming, £ years ago, he worked as a mould- er in the Hart-Parr shops at Charles Sty. This gives him the mechanical background which furnishes the incentive to fix things and he has a 26 year old son, Harold, who is a 'chip off the old block" when it comes to tinkering. An old garage was changed into a workshop by putting in a cement floor and plenty of windows to the south and west. The stove is an old steel grease barrel with a home-made grate and an ash door; and it burns either rubbish or'coal. He has a forge which has a blower made of an old Babcock milk tester, hung inverted and with wings in place of the bottle holders. He gets all the blast he needs out of it. Being a moulder, he casts pulleys, chuclc heads for lathes and anything else he needs. He found hia mould- ing sand on thq Perrettfarm and for a ladle he uses the piston of a big Titan tractor which he got from-the old iron yard. All of his castings are of aluminum which is not expensive if it is bought at the junk yard. Aluminum Castings. He uses aluminum because it has a lower melting point than iron so he can melt it in an iron crucible. It takes about a half hour of heating to melt a piston full and then he is ready to pour. He put a bail on to the piston and he holds the crucible with a pair of home made tongs with curved jaws. For power, he has a Vz horse power gas engine that runs a line shaft from which belts run to a circular saw, a jig saw, a wood turning lathe and an iron turning lathe, emery wheel and other machines. All of these machines are home made except the saw, the jig saw blades and the drill bits. The frames of the machines are angle irons from cast off windmill towers. There is a row of 20 chisels at the wood lathe, all home made. The chisels are made from magnets out of Ford and other cars. He heats them straightens them, grinds a culling edge on one end, hammers a poinl on to the other end, heats it to a cherry red and puts it into a homemade handle of oak, apple, ash, walnut or hackberry wood and there you are. ' He has a. small % horse power gas engine which he got out of a washing machine that would not work He cut about a foot off .the lower part of a Sharpies separator for a base, got Ihe fly wheel of a Dodge car to fasten on to this to hold the motor, bolted on the engine audit works for him. He has two pieces of channel iron that is going to be the bed of an iron turning lathe. They are so true thai s shim .0002 of an inch wir not go between them. That is abou' the thickness of a hair. Shafts in Roller Bearings. All of his shafts turn in roller bearings which he gets at the junk HE LIKES TO TINKER Carl Draheim, farmer, mould- er, machinist and all around mechanic. WINTER EASY ON GRAIN PESTS IN WESTERN STATES Danger Small in Iowa, However, Says Globe-Gazette Farm Editor. Grasshoppers, the chinch bug, and the Hessian fly, tha most serious insect pests in the grain producing sections of the country, came through the winter in great numbers, according to the last insect pest survey by the U. S. department of agriculture. The weather in the middle west, where these insects hibernated, department entomologists point out, was warmer and dryer than normal. The codling moth and the San Jose scale, dangerous orchard pests, however, suffered a heavy mortality in the fruit growing sections of the east, where v/inter temperatures were below normal for a protracted period. Grasshoppers, w h i c h destoyed thousands of acres of small grain, corn and forage crops ia 1932 and 1933, overwintered in enormous numbers throughout the northwest. A federally organized and financed campaign is now under way to poison the young hoppers hatching from the millions of eggs deposited in the ground last fall and unharmed r the mild, dry winter. The whiter mortality for the chinch bug was only-from 1 to 3 p~r cent in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa, and 5 per cent in Indiana. That for the Hessian fly was only about 4 per cent in Indiana and 7 per "cent in Kansas. Editor's comment: This sounds rather threatening but in the nearly 60 years he has been in northern [owa, the writer has seen chinch Dugs only in the first thrp- or four years, when wheat was the principal crop. 'Chinch bugs do not like oats and cannot stand wet weather and shade. Grain, seeded down to clover, is not often attacked. It is the young chinch bug that does the damage. They drink the sap of the plant and t dies. They like barley, millet, )igeon grass and corn and a corri- 'teld looks as if a fire had passed ihrough it when the bugs are ihrough with it. yard. The ferules of his chisels are copper or brass rings from electric luses which are usually thrown away. His anvil is a mass of iron weigh- ng 150 pounds that was just scrap iron. His work bench has an adjustable vise that the manual training department of Charles City threw away as being no good but which only needed a dog turning one-half iround to be as good as new, and which the instructor should have tnown hov/ to fix. He has wrecking bars, crow bars and like tools made from car axles and almost every door in the barn and outbuildings has a home made atch as good as can be bought at the hardware store. His jig saw blade is held tight by a spring above the table and below y an air compressor irom an old Jadillac car which was intended originally to pump air into tires. There is a pair of calipers, home made and the spring was part of a :oil spring from the rear axle of a Ford car. Conduct Experiment. On the roof of the shop is a mast with a propellor-like wheel on it, with which they are experimenting with a generator to see if they can develop some electric current out of this Iowa wind lhal is going to waste and last winter the son built an iceboat that could travel plenty fast using a gas engine for power to operate the propeller. These are some of the divertise- menls of Draheim and Son over on the Shell Hock. Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. --Dull, dingy, dirty day driving dust into homes wherever air can go and followed by a muddy rain in the evening. --Industrious p o c k e t gopher throwing up his 'steenth hill to show that he is willing to work fo, his board... Small boy and trap needed. --Miniature tornado of dust, ai acre in extent and several huridrec feet high, traveling across the plow land--small samples of the rea thing. . --Cattle yard entirely paved with boulders and cobble stones,--sun indication of a one time German owner. --Sixteen movable hog houses in a group,--mostly occupied. Looks like a summer resort and might be called Porkopolis. A man, a horse and a stoneboat distributing th food supply. --Almost entire absence of spring flowers owing to lack of moisture Even dandelions are slow in coming out. --Farmer out in the field at sun rise endeavoring to sow grass seet before old Boreas wakes up again Cotton farmers dread cloudy anc sainy weather in the latter part o tne growing season, for that condi tion stimulates boll weevils. SOME GOOD SOIL-GONE ASTRAY PULSE OF THEFARM - By the Farm Editor " , Next Friday is Arbor day. I wonder how many trees will be planted n Iowa on that day. Sixty years ago, Arbor day was officially inaugurated in Nebraska irough the efforts of a man with a vision, J. Sterling Morton, governor of Nebraska and afterwards secretary of agriculture under President Cleveland. The idea spread rapidly. States allowed a certain amount of exemp- :ion of taxes for each acre planted to trees. Schools made Arbor day an occasion to plant a tree or trees and clean up the yard. Homemakers put in trees and shrubs for decora- ton around the house, entirely aside from the shelter belt which everyone Eelt necessary for home protection. Before the days of cheap barbed wire there were miles of willow hedges planted to stop wind as well as to restrain stock. In Iowa it was made the duty of the school director to see that not less than a dozen trees were growing on the schoolhouse lot. Orchards, large or small, were planted on nearly every farm. But the tree planting ardor has cooled and time and storms have thinned the groves until it is safe to say that there is less timber in Iowa today than there was 50 years ago. Iowa nseds a revival of tree planting; and profiting by the mistakes of our fathers, they should be trees that will grow intc money ss well as furnish shelter from the blasts of winter and heat of summer; and if the farm boys and girls of 1950 are to have the fruit which every country child should have, someone will have "to be aye sticking in a apple tree to be gowing while we are sleeping." IS POPCORN OUT OF STYLE? Is popcorn going out of fashion? Reports come from Washington that popcorn is a drug on the market even though last year ony 23,000,000 pounds were grown in the middle west as against 42,000,000 pounds two years ago. Prices paid have ranged from $1.00 to $1.50 a 100 Ibs., and condition is reported as good. However there is one good feature to popcorn. II can be kept until the market picks up. HIGHWAY COMMISSION PAINTING CURVES The highway commission is painting the curves yellow on the highways. In fact, it is doing all it can to insure safety' to the motorist but it will all come to nothing if the signeds are not obeyed. The Christian Science Monitor puts it this way: "Our books on etiquet should contain chapters on highway manners For it seems the ground hog is no sooner forgotten than the road hog puts in his appearance. We have noi yet come to the conclusion that one touch of the accelerator makes the whole world kine. But wo have often wished that the violator of traffic rules and common courtesy Iowa Dally Press Photos The upper photo, taken north of the U. S. Soil erosion farm west of Clarinda, shows how the granulated dust had settled down behind hedgerows, filling ditches and closely resembling a. snow drift following recent dust storms. In the lower photo are shown stakes which had been buried level with the ground In the nursery fields near Shenandoah but are now exposed six inches above the surface where the wind has a clean sweep. could see himself as "ithers" see him, and also the dolorous statistics on highway accidents to which he contributes. Persons who would be needlessly mortified at having to shake hands in a glove, or at having used the wrong fork, are among those who apparently enjoy parading the inner unvarnished brute wh«n behind the wheel. It is aready dangerous to act that way--and sometimes even illegal. Perhaps we should try making it bad manners. GET READY FOR CORN PLANTING Farmers in Many Parts of Iowa Have Corn Ground Prepared. DES MOINES, April 25. Iowa farmers in many localities have their corn ground prepared and are waiting only for a safe date to plant, Charles D. Reed, director of the Iowa weather and crop bureau, said in his weekly report issued today. He reports that a little planting has been done in Fremont county and planting is about to begin in Lee county. Oat seeding is finished, the report said, but germination is irregular on account of the drought. The report says that in many fields the wind has blown young plants, un- germinated seed and a few inches of soil from place to place, drifting some under too deeply to germinate. Early seeded oats are six inches high in some places, Reed said. He said that barley has been damaged somewhat by the drought and winds, but that wheat looks fairly well though it needs rain. The report goes on, "drought and dust storms have made it difficult or impossible to sow grass seed as intended on the contracted acreage in the corn reduction program. Pastures and meadows are suffering for moisture. Gardens are not germinating well. Early potatoes are showing above ground in the southern counties." Reed said further that pigs are not doing well. He reported that hog cholera is more prevalent than usual at this time, the most serious of which are in Dubuque, Cedar, Johnson, Scott, Clinton, Linn, Chickasaw, Grundy, Black Hawk and Buchanan counties. BIG CARRYOVER OF WHEAT SEEN Department of Agriculture Scans Export Markets for Surplus. WASHINGTON, April 25. (JB-Department of agriculture officials envisaged today a 340,000,000 bushel wheat carryover into 1935 and busily scanned export markets for a possible outlet for some of it. The department would like to hold the carryover to 250,000,000 bushels on July 1,1935, which would still be twice the normal figure. Outcome at Borne. Development of an export policy, however, hangs on the outcome of the international wheat conference at Rome, particularly as it may effect minimum world prices and export subsidies. The wheat carryover on July 1 this year is expected to be about 285,000,000 bushels to which may be added 75,000,000 bushels surplus from this year's prospective crop of 700,000,000 bushels. Secretary Wallace hag suggested that processing taxes on wheat might be increased and that the amount of the tax earmarked to promote exports might be raised from 2 to 4 or even 5 cents. Five Cent Tax. A 5 cent tax on the 400,000,000 bushels yearly processing of taxable wheat would return approxi- mately $20,000,000, compared with the S7,000,000 to be spent in exporting wheat this year. This total would be sufficient to export about the 90,000,000 bushe,! quota, given the United States under the international agreement on the basis of the differential of 22 V» cents between the domestic and world prices. Costumes Enough If Europe's daffy dictators fail to restore prosperity it won't be because the shirt and badge factories didn't do their part.--Ashland Daily Independent, To Grow Better CHICKS FEED MOR-GAIN CHICK MASHES The balanced ration feed containing both dried milk and cod liver oil. MANUFACTURED BY THE Northwestern Distributing Co. Inc. PHONE 361-362 Keturn to Homes. HTJTCHINS--Mr. and Mrs. Pau: Million of Shelbyville, Ind., and Ernest Higdon of Sureka, HI., returned io their homes after attending th' funeral of their mother, Mrs. B. F Higdon. Mrs. Floyd Nelson of Cody Wyo., accompanied them and after visiting in Indiana and Illinois, will return to her home. We've read a number of newspa per stories of how the "boys" fille Dr. Wirt with hooey about the revo lution--which may or may not be true. But it strikes us that Dr. Wir has given out more hooey than he received.--Cleveland Press. GERMANY CUTS LARD IMPORTS Amount Reduced to 40 Per Cent of 1931-33 Schedule. Recent action by the German jovernment to restrict substantial,y the imports of lard in 1934 and ie continued low level of interna- ional trade in hog products tend further to make necessary a prompt and substantial reduction of United States corn and hog production this year, according to information received by County Agent M. E. Olson from the A. A. A. Beginning with ' March, 1934, monthly imports of lard into Germany are being limited to 40 per cent of the average imports for the corresponding months of 1931-33. Available figures indicate that lard imports to Germany from the United States during 1934 may not exceed 65,000,000 pounds as against 126,000,000 taken in 1933. Important to Producers. This action is of unusual importance for American hog producers because the United States for a number of years has had the bulk of the German lard import market and Germany has been the second largest consumer of American hog products. In the early post-war years, Germany purchased annually an average of approximately 250,000,000 pounds of lard from the United States. The relatively heavy import duty, now equivalent to approximately 18 cents a pound, also will continue to be levied' on lard imports into Germany. England continues to limit the volume of imports of pork products by means of periodical quotas. United States exports of bacon, hams and shoulders to the United Kingdom in 1933 were 56 per cent under the 1926-30 average. No considerable increase in exports of American pork products to England in 1934 is in prospect. In addition, European countries producing hogs for export still are raising more hogs than the world market apparently can take at a price level profitable to the average hog producer. Restrict Shipments. Efforts of European importing nations to restrict shipments of bog products from abroad are primarily for the purpose of encouraging production of hogs among their own hog farmers to the end that they may become more self- sufficient in agricultural commodities. The American government, however, is continuing to explore all the practicable possibilities for reopening the world market for hog products. This task will be complicated by the existence of numerous trade restrictions and by" the tendency among a number of nations to keep purchases from abroad at a minimum. DELCO-LIGHT COMPLETE SERVICE PARTS, BATTERIES PLANTS WATER PUMPS Central Battery Electric Company Field's Will Save you money on seeds Quality seeds that grow. Buy them at Field's Mason City store. All kinds of Farm S e e d s attractively priced. $8\95 RED CLOVER, bushel SWEET CLOVER, bushel $3.50 SPECIALS IN FIELD'S NURSERY DEPARTMENT RED RASPBERRIES, 25 for ROSES, each 39c; 3 for TIMOTHY, bushel $3.35 98c 98c GRAPE COLLECTION, 13 for SHRUBS, each FRUIT TREES, all kinds, each 98c 23c 34c CHINESE ELMS, 5 to 6 feet 47c HOUSE AND BARN PAINT Field's is guaranteed. Rock-Bottom Prices. COSSACK ALFALFA, bushel. .$11.85 LYMAN'S GRIMM ALFALFA, bushel.. DAKOTA 13, bushel.. $9.75 HYBRID CORN, bushel $5.25 EARLY OHIO and COBBLERS SEED POTATOES, 100 pounds EVERGREENS, variety, at $1.75 $1.50 LAWN SEED MIXTURE Plant it for wonderful looking lawn. Shaker top box. 15'/i ounces. Was 7uc. Special now 23c HENRY FIELD SEED STORE 514. South Federal Avc. Phone S"0 Mason City, Iowa

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