The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 6, 1943 · Page 1
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January 6, 1943

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 6, 1943
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF H I S T O R Y A f O A 3 C H I V F . MO I K E 3 I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATE PBESS «» UNWED M^FHU. I*ASK MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6,1943 HOME EDITION umjj -- ------- ' -~) T - --· --' -' *-*«^*-*^ j. , e/ j.a.4.1 v_j JAJ.V x u, J.J1O *«ua x-Arrai UfJFtSlbTH OF TWO SECTIONS X T / A t-ts* -- ~ ? SECTION OXE NO. 76 RAYBURN: 'BEAT, THEN DISARM AXIS U. S^Warships Bombard Jap Airfield in Munda ·k 4k · ^bl w · ^BKMK · H -- -- " ~ " "~ ---- · -- , BOLDLY STEAM INTO HEART OF SOLOMON ZONE Jap Bombers Try to Intercept Americans But Are Shot Down By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American warships b o l d l y steaming into the heart of the Japanese defense zone in the Solomons have successfully bombarded the airfield at Munda. New Georgia island, 180 miles north- vest of Guadalcanal, where the enemy lias been developing an important base. * ¥ ¥ The foray, announced in a navy department bulletin, was the deepest northwest thrust by V. S. surface ships so far reported in the immediate waters of the Solomon archipelago. X ^ ;£ The communique raid Japanese Bombers tried to intercept the xvarships but were driven off by four Grumman "wildcat" navy fighter planes which shot four into the Pacific and probably dcstroved two others. It said the action "occurred in the pre-dawn darkness of Tuesday. The sea attack was part of a two-fisted assault by allied forces on Japanese buses menacing the American hold on Guadalcanal. Heavy bombers were credited officially Wednesday with sinking or damaging 10 enemy ships in Rabaul harbor, New Britain. In the background of'these at-tacks~was:.an Australian warning that Japan was massing a new war fleet in the southwest Pacific. The navy communique said that B-26 "marauder" medium bombers folloxved the warships in another attack on enemy installations at Munda and that flying fortresses, heavy B-17 bombers, attacked an enemy cruiser at Buin, Germans Fortify Mediterranean Coast TM defensive equipment on the Mecli- Pleasure Driving Outlawed if '"i *-u _ _ T-I -L n. -i -, -, ~''^ / ^ UnilffLllf IlLUllU on Eastern Seaboard by OPA cMcuim nice vioi^ortWiutc^r ^-^-^ ---- -.--s- obltN I lo 11 ulto Violators Will Lose" Gas Rations; Fuel Rations to Be Cut WASHINGTON, W--The office of price administration Wednesday outlawed all pleasure driving by" holders of "A," "B" and "C" xcu on enemy cruiser at .Bum, By holders of "A " "B" -me! "C ' Bougainville island, but that gasoline ration cards on the At- realms nf nfMflint- n*fnM- ,..,.,... !...,«:,, , _, . the results of neither attack were observed It was the sixth raici in 10 days on the big Japanese base at Ra- baul, which lies 600 miles northwest of American-defended Guadalcanal island in the Solomons and 800 miles northeast of Cape York Australia. ' United nations headquarters said 50,000 tons of shipping suffered under the newest blows of Gen. Dougrlas MacArthur's far- ranginp bombers, with eight vessels left in flames or sinking, a ninth struck by a direct hit with a 1,000 pound bomb, and a tenth probably destroyed. * * * Only one allied bomber was lost, while six Japanese planes were shot down out of a flight of two dozen that tried to intercept the attack, it was. announced. Other allied .bombers virtually spread-eaEled Ihe vast arc of Japanese-held islands north of Australia, attacking the New Guinea bases of Lae. Salamsua and Madang: Gasmata airdrome in New Britain and Timor island. * * * A united nations communique also reported aerial attacks on the last stand Japanese garrison at Sanananda Point, north of Buna, as tank-led American and Australian troops closed in on the enemy alonj* the Papuan beach in New Guinea. * * ¥ The widespread allied attacks followed a statement Tuesday by a nigh Australian government official, who declined to be identified, warning that the Japanese were gathering the biggest armada ot warships, transports and supply ships yet sent into the south seas battle theater. Other far Pacific dcvcloomcnts: BURMA--U. S. h e a d q u a r t e r s reported that a large formation of American heavy bombers attacked the railroad yards at Mandalay. ruined.temple city of Burma, and set fires visible for 70 miles. Hitting the mikado's forces with rising strength, other allied warplanes bombed or machine gunned more than 60 river and coastal ships used to transport Japanese troops and supplies in Burma, attacked rail installations at N'aba junction, and pounded the Japanese airdrome at Monywa, 50 miles west of Mandalay. RAF assaults also fell on Japanese positions west of Rathedaung, 2y miles from the Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal, where Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wav- plrs British" imperials are driving back along the coast from India. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. lantic seaboard and prescribed the cancelation of gasoline rations as the penalty for failure to comply. The order is effective as of noon, Thursday * '* * The aid of all stale, county. and municipal law enforcement agencies in the 17 eastern states and District of Columbia is being asked to help the federal government in preventing pleasure drivins, by reporting violations to local ration boards or local OPA offices. "The presence of passenger cars at any gathering for purposes of sport or amusement will be taken as prima facie evidence that gasoline rations and tires are bein" dissipated needlessly and illegally," OPA said. "The ban on pleasure driving will also apply to driving to purely social engagements." Simultaneously, OPA declared fuel oil heating rations of all buildings except those used for residential purposes in the cast would be "cut substantially within the next 24 hours." No details were given. . * * * The drastic prohibition, on pleasure motoring was reinforced by an OPA warninr that "even mare serious measures" are being prepared to be ready for immediate use "if the current situation eels worse." The action was taken at the instance of the petroleum administrator for war. OPA said, in a joint effort to plug every leak in the -'dangerously scant supplies" of petroleum products on the eastern seaboard. Auctions Off Eggs in Los Angeles, Gives War Bonds to High Bidders LOS ANGELES, M J j--Eggs arc scarce here--and valuable. Frank Lorenzi, exaltetl ruler of the Los Angeles Elks lodge, sold $20,000 worth of war bonds last month at club meetings by a u c - tioning off eggs and giving a war bond to high bidders. He will use butter next. Where he gets the butter and eggs is Lorenzi's secret. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Colder late Wednesday afternoon, much colder Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon; 1 o w temperature Thursday morning about five below; occasional light snow Wednesday afternoon, increasing wind. IOWA: Colder Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon; light rain or snow changing to snow flurries in southeast Wednesday evening, portion MINNESOTA: Colder south and east portion and not quite so cold northwest portion Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon; occasional light snow extreme northwest and extreme west central late Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 22 Minimum Tuesday night 0 At 8 a. m. Wednesday _ 15 YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum CARVER, NEGRO Son of Slaves Left Many Discoveries TUSKEGEE, ATa.. (/P) -- Dr. George Washington Carver, a son of Negro slaves. -died at his home at Tuskegee Institute Tuesday night, leaving his mark on the south's agricultural economy. Despite his humble beginning, he became one of the nation's greatest scientists in the field of agricultural chemistry, discovering countless uses for native- grown products and developing them for commercial utilization -* * * Dr. Carver never knew the date of his birth on a farm at Diamond Grove, Mo., but he believed it to be about 18G4. His father died when Carver was a baby. Carver and his mother were stolen and taken to Arkansas. The boy was ransomed lor a race horse valued at $300. His mother disappeared.. Carver's master recognized the boy's intelligence and permitted him to enter school. After a long struggle, he won a master of science degree in agriculture at Iowa Stale A. M. college in 180(i. Two years later. Doctor Booker T. Washington, founder of Tuskc- gce Institute, invited Carver to direct agricultural work at that school. There was little equip- men for Carver to use and only 19 acres of some of the poorest farm land in Alabama. * * * He accepted the challenge and set out lo utilize so-called "waste products" of southern farms. From the lowly pcanul. Carver developed more than 300 useful products alone, including paper, ink and even oil lo be used in the treatment of infantile paralysis. The sweet polalo, another of scores of plants with which he worked, yielded well over 100 by -products. Reds Are in Full Retreat From Caucasus Area By ROGER D. GREENE Associated Press War Editor . Russia's- armies quickened the flood-tide of German disaster in the Caucasus and middle Don Wednesday, engulfing at least si.\ vital new cities and towns, and there were indications that a final drive had begun to annihilate the remnants of 22 navj divisions trapped before Stalingrad. * * * Soviet dispatches said the German army was in full retreat in the Caucasus, blowing up bridffes and mining roads in a desperate attempt to delay the onrushlng Soviets. Reuters, British news agency estimated that more than half "a million of Hitler's finest troops were in headlong withdrawal before the twin Russian offensives m the'Caucasus and middle Don Hitler's high command acknowledged that the red armies were pressing the initiative, declaring tersely: "Heavy defensive fighting continued with unabated fury in the Don area." * * * Dispatches lo Red Star, the Russian army newspaper, reported that the entire Caucasus province of Osetia. |yi ne between Ordzhonikidze and Nal- chik, had been won back under the red banner by soviet troops -flrivmg-alonff the ivesrbank" of the Terek river. The Russian drive northward from recaptured Nalchik was described as sweeping ahead on a wide front, overrunning a larse number of towns. For the first time. Russian headquarters reported a battle in the sector "west pt Stalingrad"-a n e w designation -- and announced: "In fighting for a height, our troops occupied several dozen more enemy trenches. The enemy left more than 200 dead on the battlefield and prisoners and war material were captured." It is in the Don-Volga corridor immediately west of Stalingrad that survivors of the German siege army have been locked in a steel ring for several weeks cut off by the sweep of Col.-Gen Nikolai F. Vntutin's forces across the middle Don steppes toward Rostov. A series of bulletins from red army headquarters declared the Germans had lost more than 11,000 troops from Dec. 24 to Jan. 4 in the north Caucasus and listed the capture of Nal- chik, Prokhladncnski, Kotlyar- evskaya and Jfaiskoyc in the central Caucasus, along with Tsimlyansk and Morozovskaya in the middle Don region. * * * Soviet dispatches said the capture of Nalchik and Prokhlad- nenski at once eliminated the sharpest dangers to the Grozny oil fields and perhaps started the Germans on a withdrawal toward Rostov, 310 miles to the northwest. The Russian command said red army shock troops swept into walchik in a night attack aftcr bitter fighting. " BIG AXIS SHIP IS SENT DOWN BY BRITISH SUB Underwater Craft Bombards Viaduct Near Palinuro, Italy LONDON. M--The admiralty announced Wednesday night that a large enemy troop transport and a supply ship had been destroyed and tli.it two other ships had been hit and probably sunk by British submarines in the Mediterranean. The big troop transport was encountered off Sicily while bound southward--toward Africa--with a heavy escort but she was hit by three torpedoes and sunk, the communique said. The communique said a submarine also had scored "a large number of hits'' in a bombardment of a brick railroad viaduct near Palmuro, llaiy, 80 miles southeast of Naples, and had inflicted considerable damage. Another, it said, shelled .harbor installations in .the SAM RAYBURN Congress Sidelights WASHINGTON, W)--Sidelights on the opening session of the 78th congress Wednesday: Only a scattering of uniformed men watched (he proceedings from the house and senate galleries. Despite political enmity, which included a recent complaint by Senator M u r r a y (D-Mont.) that ho won re-election over the opposition of the '-Wheeler political machine," Senator Wheeler CD- Mont.) escorted Murray to the rostrum. enemy occupied Greek Kyme. Kyme is in the Aegean the cast coast of Greece. Two new republican house members. Representatives Beall o£ Maryland and Barrett of Wyoming, voted for Sam Rayburn (D-Te.x.) for speaker. They quickly were corrected by their colleagues and changed their votes to minouon" "as" speaker cast them For Republican Joe · · - - - ' - IS RE-ELECTED HOUSE SPEAKER BY 217 TO 206 Congress Will Hear F. R. Speak Thursday on State of Union WASHINGTON, JP -- Speaker Rayburn told a cheering houss Wednesday that when victory al war is won ''this time there must be no stopping until the vandalism and paganism of Berlin. Rome and Tokio are wiped from (he face of the world." "We must disarm these vandals and keep thorn disarmed," Rayburn said. He had shortly before been re-elected house speaker by a slim margin as the 78th congress convened. He told tin: house lliat this nation would be confronted with "worldshakins" problems at the KGLO to Broadcast F. R. Talk Thursday I'rcsidcnt Roosevelt's annual message lo congress on the state of the union will be broadcast Thursday over Station KGLO. war's end and that the problems of "trade and commerce, peace and civilization must be looked lo." Simultaneously, he pledged that it would be his "unswerving deter- Printers Get 100 Billion Dollar Book WASHINGTON, f/P,_The most expensively worded book in history--the United States budget which will call for cash spending of more than 5100,000,000,000 in the next fiscal year--went to press Wednesday. * Because it is also one of the biggest and most complicated books published each year, it will not be ready for piHilic reading until Monday, when clerks will read the introduction of both houses of congress. Containing about 1,000 pages ot fine type, the annual financial blueprint of the federal government will be primarily a bill, tendered by the gods of war. as part of the price of victory. The document will contain a few millions for routine things like forest conservation or beetle control, but the direct war costs for the army, navy, maritime commission, lend-lcase and similar activities alone, are about S100000- 000.000. That's about .$30,000,000,000 more thnn is being spent in the current fiscal year, which will end June 30. 1943. It's about four times as much as was spent by this country in the first World war. It's ;.~: -y, "· , more than England and Germany. The Germans had girdled the and all the other belligerents arc town with powerful fortifications spending, per year, put together and mined all the approaches,"' a * ¥ * soviet communique said. At thai, officials «nirt !!,,, ,,,,!,, I "Our troops, supported by ar- lillcry and tanks, overcame all obstacles. In HID night they penetrated into the town and Martin of Massachusetts. Three senators, Guffey (D-Pa ) Taft (R-Ohio) and H o l m a n - ... (R-Ore.), were resplendent .-in port of frock coats. Senator Reynolds (D-iV. Car.) wore a red necktie and brown suit as he strode around the senate chamber, and j Senator Hawkes (R-iV. J.), had a red rose in his lapel. Senator Cnrraway (D-Ark.) only woman senator, wore a plain black dress. She inquired of attaches as to correct form when she escorted her colleague. Senator McClcllan (D-Ark.) to the rostrum for the oath of office and was told to walk on his left. Three house members were in wheel chairs. They were Representatives Mansfield (D-Tcx.) Miller (R-Conii.) and Grosser (D- Ohio.) The two Wisconsin Progressives in the house each got a vote for speaker. Representative Sautholf voted for Representative Hull and Representative Hull voted for Reprcsentative Sauthoff. The other two minor party representatives both voted for Rav- burn. They are Representative Haficn, Farmcr-Laboritc from Minnesota a n d Representative Marcantonic, New York American Labor party member. The representatives got a big laugh when the clerk announced he had recorded the democratic leader. Representative McCormack of Massachusetts, as voting "present" on the spcakcrship roll call. McCormack loudly demanded a correction, that he had voted for "Rayburn." Al thai, officials said, the only reason the figure wasn't bigger is that it represents (he largest sum which the experts believe can he spent in a year, considering the prospective output of American war factories. eastern seaboard I M TM ~" "'' wmcn nc worked, yielded well i n a drrisiv* ati^t · »·-- M-cni m a year, cousid- _: I Minimum _] 8 over loa by-products. i" accIS "C attack captured crm s the prospective output of __ ^ _ ^ : U 1 ; American w a r factories. ¥ JS£ Jfekkfe J?P reads Through Bowling Alley; 6 Dead burned to death nnH vrnrnz c ,,f_ ~*~:--j _ e ^- . tnat ic nination men and wom«m'* Kmrfnrf n-,ft -««..--.:-- _ » .. -,, - - -- " i «i*.iw oi.v w^i SUI1S burned to death and scores suffered shock and minor injuries early Wednesday in a panic stricken attempt to escape through congested doors and exits from a fire that destroyed a crowded recreation parlor in the fashionable Beverly Hills district. * * * The bodies of five men were found at 4:30 a. m. in the ruins of a washroom where firemen believed they had rushed in a mistaken attempt to find protection from the blaze. Firemen continued to search the ashes of the destroyed building for more bodies. * * * Firemen, answering the 5-n and a special alarm, battled the flames for five hours before it was safe enough lo enter the maincd of the popular recreation The fire broke out shortly before midnight while between 200 to 300 men and women crowded the bowling alleys, restaurant and cocktail lounge housed in the one- story, modern-style, brick building. Witnesses said the fire started at the back of the bowling alleys and made itself evident by that a thin trickle of smoke spread across the allevs * * *" The c r o w d watched the smoke with curiosity until the heat struck the shellac on (he highly - polished wooden alleys causins: an explosion. Panic, similar fo that displayed in the disastrous Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston, followed. Many persons rushed lo the large com- bination men and women's lounse at Ihc front of the building where a clerk called the fire department. * * ¥ The first firemen to arrive were told about those trapped in the lounge. The firemen broke through the windows and glass doors and rescued those trapped. Scores ot other persons jammed the doors at the front of the building and many were overcome by smoke. Some suffered as a result of the At the front of the building, where the cocktail lounge is located on one side of the entrance and a restaurant on the other, several men were calm enough to pick up chairs and smash the plate glass windows, thus providing additional exits and re- minor burns explosion. lieving the congestion at the doors. Several persons were cut by shattered glass as they leaped through the windows. The injured were taken to the Little Company of Mary hospital where Sister Mary Leo. the mother superior, estimated slightly more than 100 persons were treated for minor injuries and hysteria. John Terince, 47, Negro pin captain, was one of the first to discover the fire. He was setting pins in No. 15 alley when he noticed smoke coming from the pin room behind Nos. 19 and 20 alleys. He walked over to the pin room door. ¥ * * "When I opened it," he said, "a sheet of flame slapped me in the face. I came back and walked outside with the other 18 pin boys. There was no panic then. The crowd stood around asking where the smoke was coming from. I came back and watched them for a while. Then there was an explosion--like a whoosh -- and w o m e n began screaming. The crowd rushed toward the front doors." * * * Terince said it might have been fresh shellac on two of the alleys that caused the explosion and the rapid spread of the flames. More shellac stored in the rooms back of the alleys exploded later, he said. "There was plenly of lime for everyone to leave the place, if they'd only gone when they first noticed the smoke.'' Terince said. "It was just Ihc flash explosion that caused them to lose their heads for a while. in house membership entitled the republicans lo a far greater say in committees. War Savings Bonds from your Globe-Gazetlc i carrier boy. Controversy on Committeeships May Be 1st Test W A S H I N G T O N, W')--A hot controversy over the ratio of republican and democratic representation on strategically important congressional committees may furnish Wednesday the first test of strength between the two par- tins'in Ihe 78th congress. ' Insistent on the "rights" which he says arc due the republican party ns a result of its resurgence in the November elections, House Minority Leader M a r t i n (K.- Mass.,) indicated lie would carry the fight to the floor. Speaker Rayburn and Majority Leader McCormack (D.-Mass.,) apparently won the first round of the parliamentary maneuvering al a democratic caucus Tuesday when they obtained the right to represent the majority in negotiating the question of committee ratios with Martin. Martin, according to authoritative reports, had banked heavily on winning some support from democratic ranks to bolster his =· - --- «^.^^j. tu u u l claim that the near-even division in C " 1C 7 '"' congress over anti- to protect, to defend the rights, the prerogative and the powers of the house." Raybuui defeated Representative Joseph Martin (R. T Mass.), .who,.as a result of the outcome, automatically became the minority leader. Representative McCormack, another Bay state lawmaker, was renamed democratic floor leader at a party caucus Tuesday. The vote for speaker was: lia.yburji 217; Martin 206, on strict parly lines. Galleries were jammed lo capacity in both the senate and house, with long waiting lines at the doors. The senate's first session lasted exactly 30 minutes, with 89 members present. (It was largely devoted to the swearing in of new and re-elected members.) With a larger membership, and more routine to be followed, the house could not complete its first- day doings so quickly. Seme house members were eager to make their first speeches of the new congress when they could obtain recognition from the speaker. v -P ^f ft was the first congress in a. quarter of a century to convene with the nation at war. And. as if to impress upon the new and old members (he gravity of Ihc times, a test air-raid put them on the alert .in hour and a half before Vice President Henry A. Wallace banged the cavci in the senile and Chief Clerk South Trimble rapped the representatives to order in Ihe house. * ' *' * The opening followed the traditional pattern of initial sessions of new congresses. Most members were in their seats before the stroke of 12. and the galleries were well filled in advance. Unlike openings of the last 10 years, however, was the large occupancy of seats by republicans. In the house, membership consisted of 208 republicans, 222 democrats, two progressives, one farm-labor and one American- labor representative. There was one vacancy. When the 77',h congress convened two years ago there were only 1GG republican house members. The senate had 33 republican members, more than had sat on the minority side in a decade. * V ··# Introduction of bills and resolutions started simultaneonsly willi the fall of the eavels, with Senator Wiley (K.. Wis.) sayinp he had ready a resolution calling for the establishment of a liaison committee between the president and congress. * * * More ihan 150 bills were introduced in the house, with major subjects being service men, fiscal reform, poll taxes and lynching. Long controversies developed dur- poll tax and anti-Iynching legislation. The first session opened on a note ot self-assertion, with House Speaker Rayburn (D.-Tcx.,) ream) portedly telling a democratic cau- -"- cus that congress no longer would yield to "bureaucrats" and that;

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