The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 22, 1944 · Page 1
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February 22, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 22, 1944
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KORTH IOWA'S D A I L Y PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM? D E P A R T U E H T OF H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S DES UOItiES I A Associated Press and United Press full MASON CITY. IOWA. TUESDAY. FEBKUARV 22, 1944 F. R, Veto of Tax BUI Gets Heated Reaction OUGHTON HITS AT ROOSEVELT TALK ON BILL President Declares Measure Is "for Greed and Not for the Needy" Washington, (8) -- President Roosevelt vetoed the new tax bill Tuesday, calling it "wholly inef- sf fective" and a measure "not for ^ the needy but for the greedy," and congress promptly reacted with threats--by both democrats and republicans--to override the veto. Chairman Doughton (X. Car.) Of the tax-framing h-ase ways and means committee and Chairman George (Ga.) of the senate finance commitee led democratic denunciation .if the veto. "I couldn't maintain my setf- i-espect if I didn't vote to override the veto," said the 80 year old Doughton. "I'm agin' the veto message." - " Senator George told reporters he never had seen a veto or important legislation "based on such inadequate a n d unconvincing grounds." "The only thing I can get out of all 'this," he said, "is that the president is trying to raise an issue; the gross." executive versus con- Senalor Vandenberg (R., Mich.) commented: "I think his (the president's) basis thesis is perfectly fantastic A man \vho in one breath pleads the treasury's need for additional revenue and in the next breath throws $2,000,000,000 away is not in my notion, pursuing either logic or economics." Representative Madden (D Ind.), upholding Mr. Koosevmlt declared the republicans \yere ."inflationary 1 ,'-and .that they, overlooked the fact.that the president ''has a constitutional duty oC ; approving or vetoing bills passed." The house sat silently and attentively during the reading of most of the v.eto message, but loud laughs came from the republican side when the clerk read this sentence: "As 3 grower and seller of timber, I think that timber should be treated as a crop and therefore as income when It is sold." (The president grows Christmas" trees on some of. his land near Hyde Park, N. Y., and he said in his veto that the tax bill contained a provision which would amount to "a special privilege" to Umber growers like himseC.) The veto ivas read first in the house since the measure originated there. The house will vote Thursday on whether to pass it over the veto. In his veto message, Mr. Roosevelt said the legislation was "i_ plete with provisions which not only afford indefensible special privileges to favored groups but set dangerous precedents for the future." He said this tendency,in itself, was sufficiently dangerous to counter the loss of "a very inadequate sum" in additional revenue. He calculated that the bill would enrich the treasury by less than $1.000,000,000 net a year. The president, recognizing widespread complaints over the complexity of. income tax forms, took occasion to lay the blame on coh- gfess. He said it was squarely the fault of the legislators in using language in drafting tax legislation "which not even a dictionary or a thesaurus can make clear." Nazis Report Evacuation of Krivoi Rog, Last Stronghold in Middle Dnieper Bend Area Rog, the last nazi stronghold in the miAAlz^mcve^bsiri *· Nazi troops evacuated the city late Monday after carrying out demolitions, DNB said, indicating that the retreating Germans had wrecked the great iron ore mines The hoped chief executive said congress would act he quickly as possible tax laws which in to simplify turn would make possible simplification of forms and computation. Taxpay- least $150,000.000 to the treasury It cancels out an increase in the social security tax, he said, which would yield SI.100,000,000. (Congressional sources had estimated the bill. would provide $2.315,000,000 a year). The social security freeze, the president said. wo|ld come at a time when industry and labor cai best adjust themselves to the increases. He said it seemed unwise to provide for termination of wai contract renegotiation authoritj next December 31, as the 'bil would do. Mores experience is needed, he said/ lo determine when a time limit should be fixed. He criticized as "inept" a provision for appeals .to the tax court declaring the court did not havfc personnel lo handle the load. Holding out an offer to approve a bill which would enact the excise taxes provided in the vetoed measure, Mr. Roosevelt referred to these as "wholly unobjectionable' tax increases. Mr, Roosevelt said it had been suggested to him that he approve the bill on the ground that having asked congress for a loaf of brea; he should be content with a small piece of crust. He added: "I might hax-c done so if I had not noted that the small piece of crust contained so many extraneous and inedible malerials." In assailing special privilege which she said the bill would create, the president catalogued (hem in this manner: Permission for corporations reorganized in bankruptcy to retain a high excess profits credit and depreciation basis in inuring 1o the beViefit of bondholders who, in rnany. cases, bought the bonds in the speculative rharketv'He' said it might open the door to further windfall profits in this market. " Percentage depletion a 11 o w- ances, which he termed questionable in any case, now are extended to a number of additional minerals. MRS. GANDHI DIES AT POONA Wife of Indian Leader Suffered Heart Attacks London, Of)--Mrs. Mohandas K. Gandhi, wife of the Indian leader, is dead, thc New Delhi radio said Tuesday. Mrs. Gandhi. 74, had suffered intermittently from heart attacks at Foona where she was detained with her husband. Last Sunday an official announcement said her condition had taken a grave turn. The announcement by the governor of Bombay said she died at dhi was married l o i s i a n figures.) 11 they both were only 7:35 p. m. Tuesday. Mrs. Gandh Gandhi ivhei 13 years old. A (rail little woman, she lived a quiet and retiring life. Sh3 was confined with her husband in the Aga Khan's palace at Poona a few hours after Gandhi was arrested Aug. 9, 1943, when the all- India congress adopted its resolution advocating civil disobedience and Indian independence. In an extraordinarily revealing autobiography Gandhi referred to Ms marriage as "the cruel custom of child marriage." What effect she may have had on his career is highly speculative, but the probability is it wa= not very great. She was almost illiterate, a condition not unusual in the Krivoi Rog area. The mines duced about in peacetime pro- 15,000,000 tons of iron ore annually, or about CO per cent of Russia's production. Wrecked once by the red army during its 1941 retreat, the mines were believed to have been restored only recently by the nazis. HARD INDUSTRIAL BLOW TO NAZI WAR MACHINE Moscow. (/P)--The r e d a r m y pushed into the inner defenses of Krivoi Rog Tuesday in a thrust so powerful that it seemed unlikely the Germans would be able to retain their grip much longer on this important iron ore and communications center in the Dniepei bend. The fall of Krivoi Ttoir, coming on toji of the loss of the manganese center of Nikopol, would constitute one of thc hardest industrial blows the nazi ivar machine has suffered since the beginnine of the Russian winter offensive. A soviet communique said that Russian troops had driven Monday into the outskirts of the city through which one of 2 German- OPEN HEARNGS FOR 72 RAPIDS MEAT DEALERS Wholesale, Retail Marts Charged With Violating QPA Ceilings Cedar Rapids. (A) -- The' office of price administration Tuesday opened hearings for 72 Cedar Rapids wholesale and retail meat markets involved in alleged ceil- violatjons which re- overcharges totaling held railways runs west from the Dnieper bend. The other lim. porallels it about 20 miles to the southeast. A drive across these lines by the red army would trap a German force probably larger than the 10 divisions previously encircled anc crushed in the Cherkasy pocket 140 miles to the northwest fielc dispatches indicated. On the northern end of the front, -the: Russian war bulletin said, : soviet -forces ·-·captured Viiie big German base of Kholm. midway between Lake llmen and No- vosofcolniki. and number of other points, including the town of Podorye. district center of the Kalinin region 2a miles northwest of Kholm. The soviet summary said that more than 90,000 nazis were killed in the Leningrad-Volkhov offensive and that another 7,200 were laken prisoner. War gear captured included 189 tanks, 1,852 guns, more than 2,500 mortars." 4,500 machine-guns, 42,000 rifles and Tommy-guns. 2,600 Irucks and 350 dumps. In addition the Russians destroyed 97 enemy planes 275 tanks, nearly 1,000 suns and 460 dumps. (The 97.200 Germans killed and captured in the Leningrad region were in addition to 73 200 the Russians reported killed or captured in the Cherkasy trap in the Ukraine, and the 17,000 nazis reported killed or captured dur- ng the storming on Feb. 8 of. Nikopol, manganese center 55 miles southeast of Krivoi Hog This makes a. total of more than 190,000 Germans put out of action in about one month's lighting on the 2 fronts, according to Rus- "White Market" in Ration Coupons Found White Plains, N. Y., )-- This citys ration board has found a white market in ration coupons During the past month, 2.219 B ana C gasoline coupons were voluntarily surrendered and a family returned 13 duplicate food ration books erroneously issued. ing price suited in $25,427.84. Donald D. Holdoegel. D e s Moines district enforcement attorney for the OPA. said the hearings resulted from a "spot check" made iti Cedar Rapids over a 10 day period ending; Feb. 12 by 4 OI'A investigators who were ordered to visit all wholesale and retail markets in thc city. The check was made after consumers had complained to the food panel of the Linn county rationing board and the DCS Moines district OPA and because of. low at- lendanee of meat market proprietors at meetings conducted by the OPA to explain ceiling regulations, according to Holdoegel Koeldoegel also pointed to bureau of labor statistics which showed food prices in general advanced about 5 per cenl more in Cedar " during cember. The hearings involve thc following cases: Sixty-four retailers; total of Rapids than 'nationally the year ending hist De- S4.620.2I over-charges, ranging in individual amounts from Sl.SO to S624.80. Seven wholesalers: total o! 519,076.63 overcharges, Bombing Far Beyond Any Imagined Will Precede Invasion--Churchill , in amounts from S192.68 to 55,640. Seven wholesalers checked at retail .levels; total of $1, 731 overcharges, ranging from S3 to S655. Hearings for the dealers are be- mg^conducted at the Linn count v OPA office by c. A. Roberts and Sam Sigman, investigators of the district OPA. Holdoegel was to return to Des Moines Tuesday afternoon. He said the hearings would require about 2 weeks. At the end' of that time-, announcement will be ·made- of 'the "terms of 'settlemeril-in' r each-"case'- i ; '"**· Holdoegel said "the : cards will be laid on he table" at the hearings by the OPA and he hnpert the market proprietors would do likewise. He expressed he belief most of the cases can be settled He also made it clear that all of Die alleged estimated overcharges arc subject lo adjustment either by OPA examination of the Bombers From England, Italy Assault Germany HIT NAZIS FROM * ~~ 2 DIRECTIONS Marks 1st Co-Ordinated ._ ;Ajr prces BULLETIN Allied Headquarters, Naples. ff) -- The greatest force of allied bombers ever sent against a single target by the Mediterranean allied airforce Tuesday bombed the Mes- scrschmilt factories at RcKcnsburs. Germany. Rcfreiisburg, 50 miles north of Munich, was bombed in books kept by the alleged viola'-i lnc first co-ordinated attack ers engaged in an effort to win 1 even among high caste women ol the nation's greatest war. he de- | India. plared. "are not in a mood (o studv - Gandhi once said of her that ^igher mathematics.' 1 " . "Kasturbai herself docs nol know Mr. Roosevell had asked con- p er haps whether she has a n j ideals independent of mine." But she did not hesitate to go lo jail with him time after time. asked coii- ress for $10,500.000,000 in addi- nal taxes, and he noted that ;»me prominent persons had tated that the figure ivas too low. ,1Xpnarenlly he referred to Wendell L. Willkie's suggestion for a $16,000,000,000 tax bill. "The responsibility of the congress of the United States," the president said, "is to supply the A government of the United States si with adequate revenue for war- I time needs, to provide fiscal sup- It port for the stabilization program, to hold firm against the tide or special privileges, and to achieve real simplicity for millions of small income taxpayers. ·* "In the interest of strengthening the home front, in the interest vol speeding the day of victory I ; j urge the earliest possible action " r In vetoing the bill. Mr. Roosevelt said he regarded his action as in Hie public interest- He noted that it "purports" to pro- ,j vide S2.100,000,000 in new reve- "[; nucs and grants' relief from exisl- ,iruj taxes which would cost at the first time under miserable conditions in south African jails 40 years ago. MRS. MOHANDAS II. GANDHI --Wife of Indian Leader Weather Report FORECAST .Mason City: Light rain or drizzle Tuesday afternoon and early Tuesday night. Colder Tuesday night. Lowest temperature Tuesday night in Mason Cily 15 Wednesday partly colder. cloudy and tors or by self-audits. He outlined remedies which both wholesalers and retailer-; may follow in order "to wipe the state clean." The consumer, not the government, has cause on action against he retailer, Holdoegel said, in the amount of 3 times the over- i,?)' 3 ? or S50; whichever is the However, in a setllenienf the retailer may. if he knows which customers were overcharged refund the overcharges to them or u he does not know who were over-charged, c o n t r i b u t e t h e amount to the United States trens- llry j-J C , he is on a Part-cash, part- credit basis, he may refund to those customers who were overcharged, if he can show who they were, and contribute the balance lo lhe government. If no settlement is reached the government may: 1. Brimr suspension procccilin-s before a volunteer cornmissioncr who, if he determines there has been violation, may suspend the firm for fs long as he deems necessary. The firm has the right of appeal and the case may cvcn- ually reach the United States supreme court. 2. Brinf criminal action In a federal court .[ the violation is wilful and intentional. _3. Obtain an injunction, in state lo prohibit In the case of wholesalers, thc government has cause of action and firms arc liable for treble damages allhough some latitrdc may be shown in seltlcincnls. of (he force dispatched. Five lighters also failed to return The escorting mustangs, thunderbolts ana lightnings destroyed 33 nazi planes and the total probably will climb after the bomber gunners' reports are tabulated. The raids, in swift follow-up to the 2,200-lon RAF assault on Stuttgart Sunday night, crushed ·V. 2 aireraft; coraponemV factories at Brunswick"· which had ueen damaged severely by thc gigantic U, S. armada Sunday. In addition, targets in Hannover and several large aircraft parks and other targets near the Netherlands border also verc -it- lacked. Meanwhile Maj. Gen. Frederick- L. Anderson, deputy "VERY HEAVY" CALLS IN MARCH .. Many lowans to Receive Pre-Inducrion Physicals Des iMojiies,7^--Calls .foi-.pi-eV induction- physical examinations of Iowa draft registrants will be "very heavy" next months, state selective service headquarters said Tuesday. Col. Ralph A. Lancaster, assistant director of selective service. or federal court, further violations. Iowa: Partly cloudy to cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday, with snow flurries northeast and north central portions early Tuesday night and light rain or snow west portion Wednesday afternoon. Colder T u e s d a y night, and no important temperatures changes Wednesday. Minnesota: Light snow south portion Tuesday evening, becoming partly cloudy Tuesday night and colder Wednesday with light snow west portion by afternoon. Continued cold extreme north and colder elsewhere Tuesday night. Warmer Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Tojo: Japan Survival Is Now at Stake Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a. m. Tucsdav Rain YEAR /AGO: Ataximum Minimum 40 33 33 .08 inch 44 23 By UNITED TRESS Premier Hideki Tojo told his newly re-organized cabinet Tuesday, tjjat Japan's survival as a nation is at stake in the present, "most decisive' 1 stage of the warj a Tokyo radio broadcast reported. The Japanese premier, who also is army chief of staff as the result o/ a shakeup in which both army and navy chiefs were ousted, said the war situation demanded "enforcement of the most drastic measures." The boldest, actions will be justified in state administration as well as in the fields of strategy," the broadcSS quoted Tojo I as saying. German targets by bombers based both hi Ilaly and England. London, W|--The first co-ordi- nated air attack against Germany from bases in the United Kingdom and Italy was carried out Tuesday, with planes from the south and west hitting aircraft factories and other targets, U. S. army headquarters announced. Thc combined assault was made by thc U. S. 8th and 15th air forces, and was "the 3rd major daylierht bombing- operation in as many days aimed at destruction of Germany's capacity to maintain an aerial defense asainst further bombing." the announcement said-. "Our bomber divisions were supported by fighters of the 8th, 9th and 15th air forces and RAF dominion and allied spitfires." ' This joint blow followed 2 consecutive attacks by nearly 2.000 U. S. heavy bombers and fighters each time from Britain against aircraft factories and air fields in Germany on Sunday and on Monday. "Final assessment of victories in the air during Monday's/opera- lions by our British-based heavy bombers shows the bombers destroyed 15 enemy fighters, bringing to 51 the total number shot down that day. The destruction of 33 by American air force fighters was announced previously," headquarters added. No details on Tuesday's concerted assault xverc disclosed immediately. Earlier in the day American and British medium and lighl bombers jabbed at enemy targets in the wethertands and northern France. ! American marauders of the new [ 9th airforce sprayed bombs on thc strategic German airfield nt Gilze-Rijen. L. Anderson, deputy in charge of I 'listened to explain, however, the U. S. strategic bombing force " i a t ."9t all the men ordered for . - . * ? - - · ·"·(-! *-Jli-^ in Britain, asserted that Leipzig factories producing 33 per cent of G e r m a n y's singlc-en^ined fighter, planes were knocked out by Sunday's record raid. 2 KILLEiio' HURT IN CRASH 2 Buses With Inductees Are Smashed in Fog Crown Point, Ind., (U.R)--T w o special buses carrying arinv inductees collided in a heavy fog Tuesday, ant! Deputy Sheriff A. J. Binder said 2 persons were known dead and 50 were injured. Binder said 1 of thc Greyhound coaches, carrying inductees from Hammond. Ind.. to Fort Bciiju pre-induction p h y s i c a l s month acutally will be inducted during (lie month. Colonel Lancaster suid STATES ALLIES FIRMLY UNITED TO BEAT NAZIS U. S., British Armies "of Equal Power" Will Make Attack on Europe London, (/P -- Prime Minister Churchill lold the world Tuesday that allied bombing far beyond anything yet "employee! or indeed imagined" would strike Germany in every corner in prelude to the final smashing by American and British invasion armies of. "approximately equal" power. Thc 3 srcal allies still stand "absolutely united" and "none of the ground made good at Moscow or Teheran" has been lost despite ' disquieting articles in thc soviet press, thc British war leader asserted in a confident but cautious war review in commons. · The allies stand united on war plans which make certain a victory that "may not be so far away," he declared. Churchill said he could neither guarantee that the war would finish in Europe this year, or extend into 1945, and declared Hitler still is in "full control" in Germany, with 300 divisions in his army. Half a million nazis are fighting in Italy, and "Hitler evidently hus decided lo defend Rome with the same obstinacy as Stalingrad." Bui allied leaders are confident of success, and reinforcements are pouring in from Africa. Other m a i n ' highlights o£ Churchill's first war review since the Teheran and Cairo conferences: AIll OFFENSIVE: Thc U. S: bomber force in Britain "now begins to . surpass our own arid soon will be substantially, greater still." This air' campaign *against- - -!, Germany--the foundation .for in-, - - vasion and "our chief offensive ""* effort at present"--will reach a scale "far beyond the dimensions of anything which yet has been employed with long 01- indeed imagined." range bombers hittirig from Italy us well as Germany Britain. RETALIATION: "The Germans are preparing on the French shore new means of. attack on liiis that tountry cither by pilot-less air- March will lc the first full month eratl ° 1 ' Possible rockets or both thai the new prc-iiiductioii physi-l°" considerable scale," but vigi c;i! examination proKram has been i', i '"V .""'eel air commands ar fully operative. "We're endeavor- "striking at all evidences of. thes to more or less clean up our carry-overs anil find out just how many men we do have available." he said. Not all of thc men ordered for pre-induction p h y s i c a l s next months will be acceptable to the army, and it is possible that some of those who are found acceptable will be subject to reclnssifi- cation later, the colonel added. Meanwhile. Iowa local boards are engaged hi 3 moves, all of which are designed to tighten up on and reduce thc number of lc- fcrrment.s. The old n-A classificntioii. which indicated :\ married man with children Ixini iicforc Sejif. ^ will pass out of thc picture preparations." INVASION: While the British and American forces will be relatively equal at lhe outset, if this battle is prolonged "the continuous Ooiv o£ Americans would make their force thc greater." ITALY: Thc "forces in the bridgehead arc well matched." but "we are definitely stronger in artillery and armor" and ait- power. The'fact there arc "something like a halt million Germans now in Italy is not unwelcome to thc allies." giving the opportunity lo fight the na'/.is. "We have sufficient forces at our disposal in Africa to nourish the struggle as fast as they can be thc McditciT, immediately. Binder said ambulances from Crown Point. Dyer. Hammond and Lowell had been dispatched to the scene. "Reports reaching this office.'' Binder said, s a i d 2 men were known killed in the crash and about 50 others injured.' C "3. f~" ] Ol J UltlS i e - e n . , D . H was announced thai 3 Brit-1 and Boy in Alabama ih fiRhlcrs were missing from K from 11 which RAF nishl operations mosquito bombers assaulted targets in western Germany, attacked 2 enemy E-boats in thc channel and laid mines in enemy waters. A German raid on England Friday night barely disturbed London. Only a handful of nazi p l a n e s crossed the channel, dropping a few bombs in southern England. "Little damage and a small number of casualties were reported." an official announcement said. The U. S. air attacks on Germany Monday carried to new heights an allied offensive against the reich in which approximately 5,000 planes have dropped nearly 8,000 tons of bombs in less than 2 days. The assaults were carried out Decatur. Ala., Wi-- Three girls and a boy were born this Washington's birthday to Mrs. Spencer Hutto. 23 year old wife of a paratrooper, of Hillsboro. The mother, brought here by ambulance, was reported in satisfactory condition and hospital authorities said the babies were "slightly premature but apparently in good condition." Dr. T. M. Guyton delivered thc infants. The father is Private Spencer Edmund Hutto, 25. Companv S, first paratroopers regiment, "Fort Benning, Ga. Mrs. Hutto is blond, of average size. ' The Diane, r Yvonne quadruplets en. T' 10:20 arc her men in 1-A. Thc only place where I '-nciny merchantmen. Thc "- : - = - - · · · ' 'royal navy in the same period lost 95 warships by disablement and 7.G77 officers and men of thc royal navy, and -t.ZflO of thc merchant marine. engaged in agriculture. Local_boards also are practically wiping mil all industrial cleferr- ments of youths in the 18 21 bracket and placing this is nol true is in lhe case of I farmers. As their .Ircl step in liahfeiiing tip on deferf moults, a l l local boards with men engaged in farming are reviewing all of their farm defcrrmcnts to make certain t h a t Hie men holding 2-C ratings actually are engaged in farming. Prominent Waterloo Auto Dealer Is Dead Waterloo. M 1 )--Ansel R. Cash. 53, founder and president of the A. R. Cash Motor Company here, died early Tuesday of a heart attack at his home. He hart resided here 10 years, a f t e r moving to \\aterloo from Clinton. Iowa. His widoivnnd a daughter Mary Jane, British action alone has sunk 19 enemy worships and many auxiliaries s i n c e Jan 1 « v . « i 104;i ' aiul lnilx lhe U-boats known throu-h f° llavc bco " destroyed, and was all such i \f''? cly - responsible for sinking .TIHJO.S1.AVIA: Bro/. ( T i t o ) and arsluil .losip his partisans at a. m.. second 10:42. Spencer Ed- VOICE FRO.AI R A N K S Camp Mackall, .N. Car.. «,- Wnen a new lieulenant ot small stature and fragile appearance was assigned to a company here, a voice in thc ranks boomed: ,"And On the bulletin board next morning was lhe announcement: "The company will lake a 25 mile hike loday with a full pack-and a little child shall lead them." WINSTON CHURCHILL --Gives War Review

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