The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 10, 1945 · Page 1
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January 10, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 10, 1945
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D C M N T U C M T OF ' WJiu " p:5 ^^ ' · . - · · .-w , i NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL. LI Associated Pn MASON Cirr. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 10.1945 i and TJniUa Free Full Leucd Win* AMERICANS DRIVE TOWARD MANILA ··M ^^ ' ^_ - _ " " ' ~ * " " ' . ... ... .-.. i .1 ....--.,,,_.;. j. . . . . . . . ^^^^^^ ^IB ^19 German Salient Now Less Than 9 Miles Wide at Its Neck Paris, (ffj--L,t. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' first army won the biggest tank battle of the Belgian bulge campaign Wednesday, capturing the secondary road center of Samree alter 30 hours of violent lighting in DEEP SNOW which included an all night artillery barrage. On the soutL jf the salient, now less than 9 miles wide at its. neck, the seasoned American third army of Lt, Gen. George S. Pat too; Jr., gained up to a mile and a half in an advance alone a 20-mile front above Bastognc. His 101st screaming eagle airborne Division moved to within 'four and a half miles of Houffalize, key road center near the oen- ter of the bulge. The Germans were withdrawing from the western tip of the salient, and their peril was increased appreciably by the loss of stoutly defended Samree, whence a spid- erweb of secondary, roads lead into the salient. "The Germans are disengaging in most sectors along the northwest Up of the salient and- falling .back in,what appears to be a general withdrawal," £· British staff - officer -said;: '!There'· are', a -few . contacts and the enemy-is making little or no attempt to fight." British advances ranged up to 3'/£ mites and overran numerous Belgian towns including Ambly, lour miles cast of Rochetort. The British took 5 towns in the west and moved to within a half rnile of. Laroche which seemed doomed by the fall of Samree, 3 miles to the northeast. Laroche itself was bypassed..The Germans left only a small holding force in that town of about 2,000. All along a 16-mile front on the north side of the bulge, the first army drove ahead in snow for gains ranging from a half mile to more than a mile. Vanguards were less than 3 miles from the last German escape route from Houffalize to St. Vith. The Germans In diversionary attacks in Alsace moved to within 10 miles south of Strasbourg. Bitter fighting progressed 9 miles north of that provincial capital. · Ground troops of the 6th army group and Thunderbolt planes have knocked out 58 German tanks in the last 2 days in the a'rea around Strasbourg, a field dispatch said. About half were put out of action by a Thunderbolt raid on the east bank of the Rhine. The second "Hell on Wheels" armored division of Maj. Gen. Ernest N. Harmon and elements of the 84th infantry, commanded by Brig. Gen. Alexander H. Boiling, teamed to capture Samree and then advance south of the stone ruins across the St. Vilh-Laroche highway, All that road now was in American control to Vielsalm, 9 miles west of St. Vith. Vielsalm itself was entered and . St. Vith, major German base in the bulge, was within artillery range. Field Marshal von Rundstedt had pulled the bulk of the defending troops from Samree, leaving volksgrenadiers to their doom. Samree Is S miles northwest of Houffalize, which was under shellfire from north and south. It* capture increased th« possibility that a respectable bap of Germans might be trapped in the western half of the contracting bulge. Samree Is on a bare eminence commanding much territory in all directions. Just east of Laroche, the Germans abandoned the village of Lignieres and apparently withdrew to the southeast. By dusk, the 1st army team which captured Samree had pushed 2,000 yards south of the Laroche-St. Vith road. Farther to the northeast, Americans fought into Bihain, a mile below the St Vith-Laroche highway and 3 east of Fraiture. It was in the advance south of the Bihain area that the Americans were closest to the St. Vith-Houffalize highway, now virtually neutralized by artillery. The Germans, however, have numerous secondary roads in the bulge suitable for movement of heavy armor, AP Correspondent Edward D. Ball reported from the northern flank. The foul weather--intermittent Capture Samree WithBig Tank Victory FOUGHT FOR 30 ~ HOURS IN DEEP SNOWFORROAD YANKS WEAR WHITE--Wearing a winter combat cape" the Yank rifleman at right is nearly invisible as he squats in the snow beside another infantryman (left) in conventional garb during a demonstration of value of cape somewhere in the European theater of operations. (Associated Press wirephoto, Kayenay engraving) ' CEILING PUT ON LiVEAtTLE Price of $18 a Hundred Set by Government Washington, (IP)--The government Wednesday slapped a flat price ceiling on live cattle. The action, widely opposed by stockman, carried with it a move p to soothe opposition. The ceiling was set at $18 a hundred weight instead of $17.50 as originally proposed. The new overall ceiling, covering calves as well as cattle, will be lowered to $17.50 on July 2. Vinson also directed: 1. The defense supplies corporation to increase subsidy payments on choice beef from $1 to $2 a hundred weight, and on from $1.45 to $1.93 good beef hundred weight, Chicago basis. The subsidy payment on choice cattle will be cut by 50 cents July 2. 2. OPA and the war food administration to increase the price of the present stabilization range for choice cattle by $1 and for good cattle by 50 cents a hundred pounds, live weight, over the entire country. On July 2 the maximum and minimum of the stabilization range for choice cattle will be reduced by 50 cents a hundred pounds. 3. OPA and WFA to issue a regulation "making it an OPA violation for a slaughterer to pay more. on the average--grade and yield considered--than the maximum prices of the stabilization range for cattle purchased and slaughtered over a month's period. This provision does not include calves. 4. WFA to delegate authority to OPA to issue an order establishing the maximum percentage of good and choice cattle slaughterer may kill over a month's lime. "The purpose of the directive," the announcement said, "is to make it possible for OPA to secure more effective control of live cattle prices and continue to protect the consumer against any increase in the price of meat" At the same time, the announcement added, any substantial reduction in live cattle prices "will be prevented." that any or deliver snow, fog and low clouds--kept tactical aircraft grounded again and allowed freer movement to von Rundstedt. Indications were that the Germans already had pulled the major part of their forces from the-western tip of the salient. Ball wrote. He added that it appeared the withdrawal was orderly. A first army staff officer said the 1st and 3rd armies bad captured a total of 25,873 Germans in the bulge since Dec. 16 and that the 1st had buried 566 German dead. Boy your War B o n d s -and Stamps from your Globe-Gnclte carrier boy. Mysterious in Iowa Sky Green Island, "Iowa, (JP)--A mysterious light has been seen floating in the sky in this section of east central Iowa 4 nights recently. As many as a dozen persons have reported seeing the light the same night, but what it is and what causes it to float lightly is a mystery. Caravans of residents and officials have attempted to follow the light, but report they can keep trace of it for only several miles and then lose it when it disappears over high hills. They report the light sometimes appears to move with the wind and sometimes against it. William Marberger of G r e e n Island saw the light for "the first time a week ago. Among Green Island residents who reported seeing it Tuesday night were Mr. and Mrs. Delbert Hoe,-Emil Tarr, Mrs. Lawrence Rickert and M a r v i n Meyer and family. The light reportedly has a glow similar to a candle or Dame, t 1 Snow-Shoe Troops Clash in Italy Rome,, tU.R)--Snow-shoe troops on both sides engaged in a number of indecisive clashes but severe weather held activity to a minimum along the 5th and 8th army fronts, headquarters announced Wednesday. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Fair and cold Wednesday night. Lowest temperature 5 above. Thursday increasing cloudiness with no important change in temperature. Iowa: Mostly cloudy Wednesday n i g h t . and cold Thursday cloudy, A little warmer east and central portions. Shippers' Forecast: Western half 5 above, cast- em half zero. Minnesota: Mostly cloudy and little change in temperature Wednesday night. Thursday cloudy with higher afternoon temperatures. Occasional north portion. light IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics- Maximum Tuesday 5 above Min. Tuesday night 7 below At 8 a. m. Wednesday 4 below At 10:30 a. m. Wed. 10 above Snow % i nch Preap. .03 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum 26 Minimum , . - 7 F.R. POWER FOR DEMILITARIZING AXIS IS URGED Vandenberg Pleads for Congress to Vote Authority to President Washington, (ff)~Sen. Vandenberg (H. Mich.,) proposed Wednesday that congress vote the president power immediately to use force to keep Germany and Japan demilitarized after the war Calling on the major allies to negotiate a treaty now for joint action to "achieve this dependable end," Vandenbere told the senate that this nation ought to demand that any unilateral agreements m a d e on world political questions be subjected to review by a proposed peace organization. The chairman of the senate re publican conference took the floor to urge a restatement of specific American international aims after it became known that President Roosevelt h a d assured congressional leaders he will carry no prior commitments on European political questions into a forthcoming big-3 conference. Anticipating senate discussions of the whole international situation, Sen. Ferguson (H. Miph.,) proposed in a statement that the senate write its own declaration of foreign policy. He offered a resolution calling for American participation in a world security organization prepared to use force to preserve the peace and re-emphasizing this country's determination to stand by the principles of the Atlantic charter. Reviewing the trend of world affairs, Vandenberg told his colleagues that the 1 point on which our allies may become suspicious of the effectiveness of collective security lies in their doubts about American iwrticlpatlon. Russia, he said,'had a right to sayr "How,-"carf you expect -us 1 to rely on ah enigma?" He contended that almost every action being planned separately by Britain and Bussia was built on a fear that Germans again might rise as a military power. s "Whether we Americans do or do not agree upon all the powers that shall reside in an ultimate international council to call upon us for joint military action in behalf of collective security, surely we can agree that we do not want an instant's hesitation or doubt about our military co-operation in the permptory use of f o r c e , if needed, to k e e p Germany and Japan demilitarized," Vandenberg declared. " T h e r e should be no need to refer any such action b a c k to congress any,more than congress would expect to pass upon battle plans today. The commander-ln- chief should have instant power to act, and he should act. Ferguson, in his statement, urged His colleagues to unite in "a clear minimum statement of principles to which every senator can subscribe who believes enduring peace depends on teamwork." Vandenberg said the question of what, if any, limitations should be imposed on the president's authority could be threshed out later. "I am sure we can agree that there should be no limitations when it comes to keeping the axis out of piracy for keeps," he said. "I respectfully urge that we meet this problem nosv. From it stem many of today's confusions and doubts and frustrations. I think we should immediately put it behind us by conclusive action." Calling for "honest candor" in American dealing with foreign nations, Vandenberg said he thought the United States has the right to demand that whatever "immediate unilateral" decisions that were made should "all be temporary and subject to final revisions in the objective light of the postwar world and the postwar peace leagues as they shall ultimately develop." Vandenberg took the president to task for what he termed Mr. Roosevelt's "almost jocular, and even cynical" discussion, at a recent news conference of how the Atlantic Charter came into being as a series of notations between him and Prime Minister Churchill. Declaring that this had "jarred America to its very hearthstones," the Michigan senator said he hoped the president subsequently had been able to "repair this damage" by his reiteration of support of the charter's principles in his message to congress. REPAIRS WRONG ROUSE Walla Walla, Wash., (IP) -- A Walla Walla family thought it was nice of their landlord to do all that unsolicited repair work on their house. The owner thought so, too The bill was paid by another landlord. His contractor had repaired the wrong house. IINGATEN OSAM CAttOS LUZON OTAILAC BIG PUSH ON IN PHILIPPINES-By land, sea and air ·?u fu" t a r e dealin ? blows to the Japs in the Philippines with the big push against Luzon island under way -Luzon was pounded from the air at the'same time the Yanks landed at Marmduque (A). Another landing was made at Paluan (B), Mindoro island, and at Lingayen (C). Iowa to Meet Draft Calls Mostly With Farmers 18-26 ^Des Molnes, (ffj-^-Brig. Gen.-Charles H. Grahl, state director of selective· sen'ice.;said-Wednes^y-thRt. iuture..Iow» ·. draft .calls, .would. Japs Surprised Completely, Says Gen. MacArthur With Gen. MacArthur on Luzon ttl.PJ--G e n, Douglas MacArthur nailed the American landing on Luzon as a "complete success" Wednesday and predicted confidently that the Japanese island forces will be brought to battle and defeated on the great central plain north of Manila. MacArthur, puffing calmly on a new corn cob pipe, told this correspondent in an interview that the entire landing operation at Lingayen gulf was going ahead "better than could h a v e been expected" and that all the invasion units were making good progress against little or no opposition, "The Jap apparently was taken completely by surprise," he said. 'He apparently expected us from the south, aud when \ve came in behind him he was caught off base. The entire operation so far has been a complete success." The redoubtable MacArthur who was forced out of Luzon after the Japanese invaders landed on the shores of this same gulf more than 3. years ago, waded ashore a few hours behind his 1st assault troops Tuesday, accompanied by his Chief ot Staff Lt Gen. Richard K. Sutherland. . Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger, commander of the U. S. 6th army already hud established his headquarters ashore and taken over active command of the operation from Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kin- Jcaid, commander of the 7th fleet. JMacArlhur inspected the entire 15 mile beachhead and congratulated his commanders on the Progress achieved so far, but he urged them to keep driving after the enemy to prevent the Japanese from getting set in any position that would block the American advance on Manila, 110 miles to the south. · Where the Japanese p l a n to make their main defense stand is not yet apparent, he s a ' i d but "there is no doubt that the" bat* -be ; filled largely: from the ranks* of 18 to 26 year old men now deferred because they are engaged in agricultural work. General Grahl's announcement followed a meeting with the state war board, which he -said agreed to prepare a questionnaire regarding the farming activities of each 18 to 2B year old registrant now classified 2-C (agricultural deferment). The information will be used to help local draft boards determine what men should be processed for future induction from, this reservoir of manpower. In a statement issued jointly with A. J. Lovelace, war board chairman, Gen. Grahl said "agriculture, will of necessity be required to depend on many men in the age bracket over 38 to maintain the required production" following the withdrawal "of large numbers of men now deferred in agriculture." "It may also require physically capable men who have retired to return to the farm," the statement added. BURNS FATAL TO CRESCO FARMER Robert Moore Dies in Hospital After Blaze Decorah. (/PJ--Robert Moore, 58, died in the Cresco h o sp i t a 1 Wednesday of b u r n s suffered fighting a fire which destroyed his farm home 18 miles northwest of Decorah Tuesday night. Moore, whose hands and face were badly burned, was discovered sitting on the porch of the blazing dwelling by his brother- in-law, John Stockman, who came in answer to a call for aid. He is survived by his widow, 3 brothers and 3 sisters. MCGREGOR GETS 7 INCH SNOW Mercury There Drops to 18 Below Zero Des Moines, (JP)--Seven inches of snow--the heaviest of the year in Iowa--fell at McGregor in the northeast corner of the state Tuesday and Tuesday night and the mercury dropped to 18 below zero in that city. Heavy snow w a s reported throughout all of the northeast lip of the stale, but little or none fell in other sections. Decorah had 4.2 of new snow and a low reading of 13 below zero, 2nd lowest for the night. Du'ouque had 2.7 inches of snow. Charles City, 100 miles west ot McGregor, had only 7/10 of an inch of snow and Waterloo only a trace. The state highway commission reported highways were clear and normal in ail areas except where there was heavy new snow. They were being cleared in that section. Other below zero temperatures reported to the weather bureau included: Charles City 8, Mason City 7, Dubuque 2 and Iowa City 1. The highest temperature Tuesday was 30 al Sioux City. The weather bureau forecast slightly warmer weather Wednesday night with minimum readings ranging from zero to 5 above. 2 Representatives Hire Clerks With Different Party Views Des Moines, fP)--At least .2 state representatives are ignoring party lines in regard io their committee clerks. Rep. John J. Swaner (D-Iowa City) has as his .clerk a woman who is affiliated with the republican party, Mrs. Charlotte Stewart of Des Moines, and Rep. M W. Hicklin (R-Wapello) has Lucille Rogers, Des Moines, a democrat. Both legislators described the clerks with whom they disagree politically as "very efficient." Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. 24 KILLED IN AIRLINER CRASH Big Airplane Falls Near Burbank, Cal. New York, t/P) -- Twenty-one passengers, all members of the armed services, and a crew of 3 died Wednesday in the crash of an American Airlines plane near Burbank, Cal., the company offices here announced. WRECKAGE SIGHTED FROM CONTROL TOWER Los Angeles, (IP)--The wreckage of an American Airlines plane carrying 21 passengers and 3 crew members was sighted Wednesday about 5 miles north of Lockheed air terminal, Burbank, a company spokesman announced. The debris was sighted by a control tower operator at the airport through field glasses. The scene where the wreck occurred was in the vicinity of La Crescenta, a foothill town north of here. GEN. DOUGLAS MacARTHUU tie for Manila and the entire Philippines will be fought and won on the great central plain north of Manila." MacArthur appeared bronzed RESISTANCE BY JAPS TO YANKS IS ONLY SLIGHT 1,000 or More Ships Pouring Reinforcements Into 4 Beachheads A l l i e d Headquarters, Philip- Pines, (U.PJ--A mighty American nvasion army of at least 100,000 nen and a powerful array of :anks and guns captured San Fabian and several other towns on Luzon's Lingayen gulf Wednesday and struck out for Manila, a little more than 100 miles away, against only scattered Japanese resistance. A naval armada of 1,000 or more ships, including 800 transports, u-as pouring a constant stream of reinforcements Into 1 expanding beachheads, apparently mainly between San Fabian and Lingayen, the latter 107 miles north of Manila and the site of 3 airfields. A front dispatch said one beachhead already ivas 15 miles lone. A field dispatch said thousands of soldjers from Ohio, California and many other states landed a few hundred yards from the main Lingayen airdrome and within a half hour were 300 yards inland still largely unopposed. The airdrome since may have been oveir- ~ in. San Fabian was captured without opposition in the early hours of the invasion, a dispatch from Vice Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid's flagship reported. O t h e r towns also have been seized, but their names were withheld 'temporarily for security reasons. (A Japanese c o m m u n i q u e claimed Japanese troops were counter-attacking American forces which landed in the vicinity of San Fabian and Lingayen. Other Tokyo broadcasts claimed that a _severe.naval and air battle" was under ; wqy In the Lingayen gulf a hint that Japanese fleet ttriits may have gone into action. ("Special surface attack corps" sank 3o American transports in waters west of Luzon Monday and Japanese planes accounted for ·} others and a cruiser in Lingayen bay, Tokyo said.) Veteran American assault troops already were astride some of the main concrete highways converging on Manila from the north and same were deep inland under personal orders from MacArthur to keep pushing ahead so that the enemy xvould gel no opportunity to dig in. Swarms of carrier-based pjancs from the 3rd and 7th fleets were overhead, strafing and bombing enemy strong points and other installations ahead of the invasion troops from tree-top height Army engineers, among the first ashore, wore rushing the construe ion .of airstrips for land- based planes. Despite the initial and rested after beach. a night on the "I slept well last night in spite of some little disturbance created by the Japanese during the night,' he said. There was almost no initial ground resistance to our landiny and o n l y slight shipping losses were incurred, despite fierce Japanese aerial attacks. Vast numbers of men and enormous quantifies of g u n s. armur and supplies have been brought ashore, and deep penetrations inland already have been made at some points beyond the ·! lauding beaches. All the attacking units were believed to have reached or passed their 1st day objectives in the daylight hours following the landing Tuesday morning. The landing itself was completely uneventful. Not a single shore battery opened up as the hundreds of American vessels in the invasion fleet steamed into Lingayen gulf before dawn. A considerable measure of strategic surprise undoubtedly was attained through our recent feints in the direction of Batangas and other points. Probe Made of Alleged Padding of Expenses Des Moines, (JPi--An investigation of alleged expense account "padding" in Ihe stale departmenl of public safety was reported Wednesday to be ncaring completion. The check-up, being made by the state auditor's office, was reported to cover hotel bills, meals and other expenditures oi members of the department, including at least one official. Bay your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. ance, largely due to light resist- terrific 3- day bombardment of beach defenses all the way from Lingayen to San Fernando, 40 miles to the north, official sources warned that the toughest battle of the southwest Pacific campaign probably must be fought before Manila can be taken. TIic Japanese «- C rc known to lave 100.000 to 200,000 of their best troops on Luzon, most of thcfn between the Liueaycn gulf and Manila, ami they appeared committed to a literal last-man fight. Japanese propaganda broadcasts repeatedly have said the Pacific war may be largely decided in the Philippines. Lingayen, apparently the focal point of the invasion, lies at the southern end of the Lingayen gulf while San Fabian, on the southeastern rim of the gulf, is 13 miles lo the northeast. Several rivers bisect the swampy terrain between Lingayen and Manila and it appeared the Japanese might make their first stand along the Agno, about 15 miles inland from the invasion beaches. The beaches chosen for the landing were the same over which 80,000 Japanese troops pushed ashore from 40 transports and 40 warships on Dec. 22, 1941 to seal the fate of Manila and the Mac- A r I h u r - defended Philippines. Remnants of t h e American air force in the Philippines, teaming with submarines and coastal batteries in a futile- defense, sank or damaged a few ships in the Japanese armada, but the Japanese suffered only 2 per cent losses in landing. The Japanese also made what MacArthur called "repeated and desperate" attacks in an attempt to halt the 100 mile long armada carrylntr American troops to the Linsayen gulf during the past few days. "Some loss and damage" was suffered by American ships, MacArthur said, but they were considered infinitesimal in comparison to the size of the fleet--800 transports, several hundred warships ranging f r o m battleships

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