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! o M E i.! :. i - ' T O F I :i! NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPS ASSOCIATED PRESS U5ASED W1RB SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 163 WillF.D. R. Turn Right? Conservatives Begin to Think He May if Re-Elected. By CHARLES P. STEWART By CHARLES F. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (CPA) -- Assuming, for the sake o f argument, t h a t President Roosevelt will be re-elected n e x t November, o n e hears a deal of wondering as to what his second t e r m's policies will be like. Â· H i s current one is what may be described as a n emergency term. He entered on it with the admission that he probably would have to undertake a considerable number of experiments, and we've had them. Next. it would seem that, having learned by experience, his aim will be to put permanency into the new deal. Besides, if re-elected, he presumably will not count on being re-reelected, and consequently will be freer to work for what he sincerely thinks best than during his initial white house tenancy. In other words, politicians take it for granted that, being human, he has been more or less influenced thus far by considerations oÂ£ his personal 1936 chances, but that, once re-elected, he will feel at liberty to proceed as he sees fit. Go to Right? Perhaps it is altogether a wrong guess, but there is an unmistakable idea among conservatives that he will turn their way, given four more years in the executive mansion. I cannot ascertaiA- that it is anything more than a "hunch." Nevertheless, I have talked with not a few legislators and others in pretty close touch with such centers as Wall street, and there is general agreement among them that the financial district thinks more favorably of "F. E." than it did. Maybe"that is natural, business undoubtedly-having improved, and business sentiment, in improving times, always being against "rocking the boat." Not that I think business regards the present president as a safe pilot for a long cruise, but it seems will- inÂ°- to ran risks with him for another lour years, for the sake of profit in the meantime. Labor Pro-F. D. R. Labor, however, has not benefited appreciably by the bulge in business. Employment has increased only a little and wages scarcely any. Yet, curiously, workers appear to be as pro-Roose veltian as ever. The American Federation of Labor, while it does not take political sides, at least is not anti-Rooseveltian. John L. Lewis' lineup, led by the American Mine Workers, is militantly pro-Roose- veltian. And the Lewis organization will cast millions of votes. Briefly, I think that business is influenced by currently increasing dividends, labor by the president's promises and his enchanting radio voice. Wins Both Sides. There is a hard boiled conservative element which believes him to be essentially a constitution under- miner. There is a radical element which .assesses him as only a pseudo liberal. And there are hereditary democrats and republicans who swear for 'ft or against him on the line of party ' designations, no matter what they may mean. But rtnerally the question is: "Has he., .sold himself ?-- alike to liberals and conservatives?" Unquestionably he "sold" himself to the liberals "from the jump." Now apparently he is "selling" himself to the conservatives, without losing- the liberals. Raskob, duPont Aided Anti-New Dealers GAVE MONEY TO HORNER, KNOX WIN have advanced the organized Which requires management. . political good GENERALLY FAIR WEATHER-AHEAD Mercury May Drop Near to Frosting Point But Will Rise Thursday. DES MOINES, (J*-- Generally fair weather Wednesday night and Thursday is in store for Iowa, the weatherman said, but it's apt to be considerably cooler Wednesday night. "In fact," the weatherman com mented, "temperatures may get down to the frosting point. But it OF DEMOCRATS Pictures of First Lady With 2 Negro Escorts Circulated. WASHINGTON, (/P-- Testimony that John J. Raskob and Pierre S. du Pont helped finance an anti-new deal convention of southern democrats shared capital attention Wednesday with a presidential hint of further efforts in behalf of two con- troverted work relief projects. A contribution of 55,000 by the former national democratic chairman and his industrialist friend was listed to senate lobby investigators by Vance Muse, general manager of the Southern Committee to Uphold the Constitution, which collaborated in the. convention held at Macon, Ga. Muse told as well of circulating in the south pictures of Mrs. Roosevelt with two Negro escorts. Lobby Probe Funds. This coincided with house consideration whether it should authorize $10.000 for employment, of counsel tc fight the lobby committee's court battles. In press conference, President Roosevelt said congressional disapproval had closed the door to further funds for the Florida ship canal and the Passamaquoddy, Maine, tide-harnessing project. He intimated, however, they might be submitted to congress in modified form. The senate commerce committee voted 9 to 4 to have the federal government absorb all land and damage outlays in flood control projects involved in the $400,000,000 omnibus bill and gave indications the measure would be reported to the senate Thursday. Add to Size of Bill. The committee vote added between $85,000,000 and $100,000,000 to the size of the bill. Mr. Roosevelt understood the senate finance committee would begin hearings on the new tax program as soon as it gets before the house. Chief interest in the national capital centered on the senate's verdict in the impeachment trial ai Federal Judge Halsted L. Ritter ot Florida. After secret deliberations, the senate planned to meet to ballot on the accusations, including charges that Ritter granted an "excessive" receivership fee to a former law partner and "correctly" benefitted from t to the extent of $4,500. Need Two-Thirds. A twa-thirus vo:e is necessary for conviction, which would mean that judge would be banished from the bench. A senate campaign fund investigating committee, named by Vice President Garner Tuesday, plans to Degin its inquiry soon. The scope o. the committee's powers is broadei this year than in past elections. I has the added task, imposed on it bj the senate, of looking into accusa tions of politics- in relief. The committee consists of Chair man Lonergan (D-Conn.); Minton (D-Ind.); Schwellenbach (D-Wash.) LaFollette Pro-Wis.) and Austin (R-Vt). Will Fight Changes. Other developments: Senator Norris (R-Nebr.), autho of a $420,000,000 bill for federa loans for the electrification o farms, warned he would figh changes made in the bill by th house. He opposes especially a pro vision permitting loans to privat power companies. Senator Wheeler (D-Mont.) calle on the interstate commerce com mission to stick by its order cuttin railroad coach fares in the east t two cents a mile. He said he wa informed the roada would try to ge the ICC to scrap its order. Backers of the Frazier-Lemk farm debt refinancing bill makin 5 Babies Born to Rumanian Jypsy, Claim BUCHAREST, Rumania, (JPI--Ol- cially unverified report's 'that quin- uplets had been born to a gypsy n a farm near Hodos, in the Bjhor istrict of Transylvania, were re- eivcd here Wednesday. A newspaper reporter vouched for he circumstances. He said the children--two boys nd three girls--were born to Mrs. tfaria Ljnguraru, 25, shortly after he had gone to work in a field. No Doctor There. There was no doctor available and the woman's husband, Alexander .jnguraru, assisted in the delivery. The mother was said to be recov- ring. The five children were described as living but born two months prematurely, extremely small and with abnormal features. Superstitious villagers became exited at the birth, the reports from Hodos said, and took the mother and her babies to Oradea, the nearest larger center. will start Thursday." warming up again The mercury climbed to 82 at Kcokuk Tuesday and held to 42 for the low early Wednesday at Cedar Rapids and Marshalltown. Temperatures averaged 10 degrees above normal Wednesday morning. Light ruin was reported in the extreme east portion of the state. a determined bid to bring the meas ure to the house floor, demande from Speaker Byrns a ruling whic may determine the success of thei long fight. The Frazier-Lemke forces hav been circulating a petition to fore the inflationary bill out of the nous rules committee to the floor. The contend that if they gather the sig natures of a majority of the hous members now serving, the bill must go to the floor. Others Have Died. Authentic medical records disclose that only the Dionne quintuplets, born May 28, 1934, to Mrs Oliva Dionne at Callander, Ont. : lave lived more than an exceeding- y brief span. Of 30 cases authenticated by the American Medical association as laving occurred over a period of 50C years, no set of five previous to the Dionnes, lived more than four days and no single quintuplet baby lived for than 50 days. -The Dionnes, all girls, now are approaching their second birthday, un- 3er the watchful eyes of Dr. A. R Dafoe and a staff of several nurses n a hospital built especially for them at Callander. NOT GUILTY PLEA IS MADE BY PACE _awyer for Confessed Killer of Brother Asks for May Trial. INDEPENDENCE, Pace, 17, confessed IJP--Rodney killer of his brother, 'ogden, because the latter prevented a criminal attack on their sister, Thyrza, 13, waived formal arraignment on a murder charge in district court here at 11:35 a. m Wednesday. The arraignment was a surprise move, as it had been scheduled for 2 p. m. Plea of not guilty was entered Jor' Pace by his attorney, Pau Smith, who asked that trial be se for a date in May. Judge A. B. Lovejoy, presiding said he did not believe that coulc be done, since no provision had been made for a jury at this term ant trial therefore would have to be a the September term. Opinion of the attorney genera will be sought on this point. Young Pace was remanded to cus tody of A. W. Hammelman, sheriff without bail. He is in the women's quarters of the county jail. Judge Lovejoy remarked he hac heard "there was a report in the hands of one of the judges from the psychopathic hospital at Iowa City It may or may not be used at th trial." MacDonald Submits to Minor Operation LONDON, (.T)--Former Prim Minister Ramsay MacDonald under went a "minor" operation Wednes day which the nursing home he en tered announced was "successfull performed." T/i^Weather FORECAST Former Io\vn jrayor Dies. F'ORT WORTH. Tex.. (.T)--Edward Swascy, 7S, former mayor of Dow City, Iowa, died here of heart disease. He had lived here eight years. Burial will be at Dow City. MINNESOTA: Fair Wednesday night and Thursday; slightly colder Wednesday night; not so cold Thursday in southwest. IOWA: Generally fair Wednesday night and Thursday. Consid- Â«rably cooler Wednesday night Slightly warmer Thursday afternoon in northwest portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures fo 24 hour period ending at 8 o'cloc Wednesday morning: Maximum Tuesday 60 Minimum in Nisrl't 4 At 8 A. M. Wednesday 5 KRASOHEL GIVES 13 PROMISES OF DEMOS, RESULTS Candidate for Governor Cites Party Record in Cerro Gordo. Thirteen promises of the demo- ratic party made before the last ection were read and the manner i which these promises were car- icd out in Cerro Gordo county was resented by Lieut. Gov. Nelson G. Â·Craschel, who spoke at the armory uesday evening in the interest of is campaign for the democratic omination for governor. Mr. Kraschel, who was invited ere by the young democrats of ^erro Gordo county, devoted his ddress to answering the critics of he administration. Only one of the 3 election promises was not car- ied out, according to Mr, Kraschel. vho maintained that it was impos- ible to carry out this promise and he more humanitarian promises of .he program at the same time. Relief Administered. "For the benefit of our critics who charge the democratic national platform of 1932 has been ig- lored." said Mr. Kraschel. "I wish o quote the following important ilanks of that platform and reveal Jie record wherein possible as to low these planks have been redeemed in Cerro Gordo county: "1. We advocate the extension of: federal-credit-, to the-stales. to jrovide unemployment relief. "Cerro Gordo county has received from state and federal funds $474,)00 in cash for direct relief pur- oses. "2. We advocate the spread of employment by substantial reduc- .ion in the hours of labor. "The NRA was the answer to his pledge, and, while the law has jeen declared invalid its spirit of airness and justice to labor moves n. It meant more to Iowa farmers ban to any other class of people, excepting the unemployed them- lelves. Public Works Granted. "3. We advocate the planning of ublic works. "Cerro Gordo has received $325,- B65 in direct grants on PWA pro- ects and there is now approved ON THE INSIDE JAMES C. QUIGLEY Carpenter Ahead of Quigley in Nebraska ON PAGE 2 Scrapping Reciprocal Trade Pacts Sought ON PAGE 2 Trout Fishing Opens in Northeastern Iowa ON PAGE 3 NPA projects totaling .$71,506. Iowa has received more than $20,000,000 of PWA money for roads. "4. We advocate unemployment and old age insurance under state ws. "In Cerro Gordo county, 361 aged people are today drawing Woman at Corwith, Burns Victim, Burie: ON PAGE 8 Large Number Attend Local Building Show ON PAGE 16 PARKER STANDS AGAINST FIELD Detective Still Adamant in Contention That Wendel Committed Crime. TRENTON, N. J., W--It was Ellis H. Parker and his aides against the field Wednesday on the question of holding Paul H. Wendel any longer in the Lindbergh kidnaping case as the Mercer county grand jury started another extended session in its investigation of the re- monthly pension checks. s ; on j n ;ts investigation of tl "5. We favor better financing of | pu di a ted Wendel "confessions, farm mortgages through recognized still adamant in his cont :arm bank agencies at low rates of interest, giving preference to credit for the redeeming of farms and homes sold under foreclosure. "From May 1, 1933. to March 1, 1936, 217 Cerro Gordo county [armers refinanced their farm loans with the federal land bank, and 177 of them received commissioner's loans. The total amount of this refinancing was $1,797,000. Answers Control Critics. "6. We favor the extension and development of farm co-operatives and effective control of crop surpluses so that our farms may have the full benefit of the domestic market. "Cerro Gordo county farmers, up to Jan. 1, 1936, had received $876,000 in corn-hog checks. The program was responsible for raising' the price of hogs from three cents a pound to 10 cents a pound, and the price of corn from 10 and 15 cents a bushel to 45 and 50 cents a bushel. "7. We favor the conservation development and use of the nation's vater power in the public's interest. "The TVA of Tennessee and the development in Nebraska and other states are the answers to this pledge. "8. We advocate the protection of the investing public against misrepresentation and fraud in the sale of bonds. ftacketeering Slopped. ,o tl ,. Â«Â«".."Â».... ... his contention that Wendel perpetrated the crime for which Bruno Richard Hauptmann died in the electric chair, Parker was ready for his fifth lengthy appearance before the jurors who apparently were prepared to absolve the disbarred lawyer of the kidnaping-murder charge pending against him. Some members of the jury were represented as perplexed 1 that Parker should offer to stake his reputation on his contention that Wendel is "guilty as hell," as he told them. They looked to today's questioning for an answer. MAKE PLANS IN CASE OF MOVES OF AGGRESSION British, French, Belgian Military Leaders at Conference. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The conference of the British, French and Belgian army general staffs was begun Wednesday in London, simultaneous with the start of negotiations for settlement of the Italo-Ethiopian war, to decide on measures to insure against any unprovoked aggression. Although the conversations between the general staffs were to be conducted in secret, the British government had constantly assured the public no new political affiliations would arise from their decisions. While the military leaders assembled for their discussions, final tribute was being paid by the British empire to the late ambassador from Germany, Leopold von Hoesch, whose body was taken aboard a I British warship bound for his home- I land. Peace Talks Uncertain. The peace talks of the league of nations at Geneva presented a greater uncertainty as to the future course of European peace than did the problem of settlement of the Locarno crisis. '. The uncertainty as to what Premier Mussolini's stand as liberator of Ethiopian slaves would do to the peace efforts of the league conciliation committee, left Geneva circles wondering what the next move would be--peace, or further sanctions against Italy. Having received approval by the Ethiopian delegate to the league of nations for an immediate armistice, Salvador de Madariaga, chairman of the conciliation committee, turned to receive the answer of laly's delegate, due from Rome. Bolsters Up Claims. Italy, meanwhile, presented a document to bolster its claims in Ethiopia, of emancipation of slaves in the conquered territory, while Ethiopia presented a new communication giving names of towns allegedly attacked by fascist poison gas. The Italian high command reported a new, important victory from the East African front. Marshal Pietro Badoglio telegraphed to Rome of the capture of Dessye, former field headquarters of Emperor Haile Selassie. The Italian communication said "This pledge was redeemed by the passage of the national securities act. which has completely stopped the racketeering in securities that contributed so greatly to the wrecking of mid-western banks. "9. We recommend tne control and regulation of holding companies, and rates of utility companies operating in inter-state commerce. "You may ask Samuel Insull or any other utility magnate as to whether or not this pledge has been redeemed. "10. We advocate quicker methods of realizing on assets for the relief of depositor and the prevention of the use of bank money in the speculation to the detriment of local credits. "The answer to this pledge was the national bank act and Iowa Senate File No. Ill, which has completely reorganized all of the banks in Iowa on a souud basis with depositors fully guaranteed in most of the banks. Done as Promised. "11. We advocate repeal of the Eighteenth amendment. "It was done as promised. "12. We advocate continuous responsibility of government for human welfare, especially for the protection of children. "It was done. "13. We promised a 25 per cent reduction in governmental expenditures and an early balancing of the budget. "It was not done. "A careful review of the foregoing, which were the most important pledges in the democratic national platform of '32 reveals that they have all been very accurately redeemed, excepting- the last. President Roosevelt and the congress were confronted with the necessity of ei- this latest victory opens the way to Addis Ababa, linked to this important commercial and military center by a good automobile road. Reduction in Trade. A league report on the effect of sanctions against fascist Italy showed a reduction in Italy's foreign trade for the months of December and January. The largest reduction came from trade with Great Britain. Italian gold exports, however, increased as a result of the sanctions drive, the report said. Authoritative sources in Paris said French diplomats would go to Geneva hoping to achieve a renewal of Italo-Ethiopian negotiations for peace, relieving France of the task of. choosing either Britain or Italy. in the event of a new drive for sanctions against the fascist nation. LLINOIS Lead in Illinois COL. FKANK KNOX FOODStNTTO MEXICAN TOWN Unrest Dispelled at Tijuana and Virtual Martial Law Is Lifted. SAN DIEGO, Cal., M)--Food and the assurance of prompt relief action by the national government helped dispel unrest Wednesday among the 8,000 inhabitants of Tiajuana, Mexican border town. Twelve hundred soldiers, who kept the city under virtual martial law Tuesday, discontinued street patrols Wednesday but were ready at their barracks in case of an emergency. Unemployed laborers, who voiced threats at a mass meeting Monday night to sever ties with Mexico and set up an independent state in the northern district of Lower California, received government rations. Beans, flour, coffee and sugar were allotted to needy families, hard hit since thriving gambling clubs were closed down by presidential order. GOVERNOR GOES AHEAD OF RIVAL FOR NOMINATION Tremendous Vote Piled Up for Roosevelt in State Primary. CHICAGO, t.-P)--Gov. Henry Horner. riding a flood of downstate democratic votes, and Col. Frank Knox, Chicago, testing his strength as a republican presidential contender, were accounted the principal winners Wednesday in the Illinois primary election. After trailing all night, the governor finally took a 37,000 lead over his Chicago opponent, Dr. Herman N. Bundesen, by outdistancing Bun- dcsen better than 3 to 1 outside the Chicago territory. Then their Chicago margin narrowed and the governor's nomination by 100,000 votes was predicted. Dr. Bundesen Wednesday afternoon conceded the nomination to- Governor Homer, making public a telegram of congratulations. Borah Wins Downstate. Senator William E Borah, of Idaho disputing the republican votes with Colonel Knox in the party's presidential preference primary, held a lead of 15,676 votes downstate after 5,241 of the state's 7,426 precincts had been counted, but Knox was ahead by 93,085 in Chicago and had a statewide plurality of 80,409. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, alone on the democra.tic presidential balloting, appeared headed for a tremendous vote. With 2,993 of the state's precincts in, the president's vote was 552,895. The same proportion, carried .out, would give him a total vote of about 1,400,000. The democratic total, it was estimated, might run to 1,500,000. Delegate Vote Slow. On delegates to the national conventions, the vote was slow. Few of the republican candidates had declared their allegiance publicly, but Colonel Knox's campaign managers claimed the apparent winners in almost every district were favorable to the Chicagoan. The district delegates, with 50 to be elected, are only "advised," under Illinois law, by the vote in their congressional districts. -The statewide vote in which Knox held a. comfortable lead was similarly advisory to the seven delegates at large who will be chosen next month by the republican state convention. Neither Knox nor Borah camps made public a slate of candidates. Knox Claims 29. Of the early winners, on incomplete returns, the Knox managers claimed 29 of the delegates as favorable to them. The Borah headquarters, although disputing the allegiance of candidates in many of the districts, did not lay claim to any of the 29. Returns from 5.063 precincts, more than two-thirds of the 7,426 in Illinois gave Homer 529,043; Reno Holds Meeting. EXCELSIOR SPRINGS. Mo., .T Milo Reno, national president of the Farmers Holiday association, called a meeting of the board of directors here Wednesday. Aid to Be Brought by Plane to Tbree Men Trapped in Gold Mine MOOSE RIVER, N. S., (/D--J. P. Mcsservey. provincial mines- inspector, announced Wednesday that experienced rock miners will be brought by airplane to assist in the attempt to rescue three men trapped 141 feet, below the surface in a gold mine here. Uier redeeming pledge number 12 and forget number 13 or redeeming number 13 and forgetting number 12." Iowa City Jury Favors 30 Year Term for Clay IOWA CITY. (.T)--Louis Clay, 28 year old Negro, Wednesday was found guilty of assault with intent to commit murder by a district court jury which recommended 30 years imprisonment. The decision was reached after more than 15 hours of deliberation. It will release Clay from the life sentence imposed more than a year ago by a jury which found him guilty of "the murder of George Folso'm. Iowa City pioneer. It was revealed that the jury which included eight women, stood 10 to 2 for Clay's conviction on a second degree murder charge after the second ballot early Tuesday night. The remainder of the deliberation time was spent on fixing the degree of guilt. The 30 year sentence recommended is the maximum on the assault charge. Judge James P. Gaffney, who will pass formal sentence April 30, declined to comment. Testimony in the retrial occupied four days. Clay was granted a second trial by the state supreme court on the grounds that Mabel Davis, his former wife and state star witness, was an accessory to the crimp. The supreme court ruled that Miss Davis' testimony must have full corroboration. Bundesen 517,472. Edward A. Hayes, former national commander of the American Legion and chairman of the Knox for President committee, declared Knox had been "favored in a decisive manner." He said "the Illinois candidate has taken a long stride for the nomination." "Tribute" to Borah. Knox, estimated former Senator George Moses of New Hampshire, now has substentially 130 delegates to the national G. O. P. convention, including the Illinois group. Borah's Illinois manager called the senator's strength in downstate Illinois, where he maintained a small lead as the returns rolled in, a "remarkable public tribute." "This result was achieved against the efforts of the republican state organization," said the manager, Edgar J. Cook, "and with practically no funds whatsoever." Strong In Chicago. Knox' strong lead in Chicago, where he ran some 79,000 votes ahead of Borah, insured that he would have the popular indorsement in the 10 Chicago districts, along with the organization support. Of all the primary victories, the most sensational was that of the democratic party in Illinois, which cast a greater primary vote than ever before in the state's history, rolling up a total estimated at 1.500.000. This would represent a 2S per cent gain since the 1934 primaries. Of the projected total, it was estimated a round million democratic votes were cast in Chicago ami a half million downstate. Break All Records. It broke all records for a Chicago primary, the highest vote either major party ever cast before was.