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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME O C P A 1 T M C N T O f K i s r o R v A fo A Â» c D Â£ G M 0 I ft L Â·;; i ,\ v c "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES r IVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1943 Hitler Effort to Keep Tip of Tunisia Makes Sector a Major Front By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, (AP) --Adolf Hitler's attempt to keep the Mediterranean blocked to allied shipping has turned the Tunisian war into a major effort with thousands oÂ£ German and Italian troops deployed from Bizerte to the Tripolitanian border alonr ' with part of the first line strength of the German air force. T h i s purely personal c o n- clusion is based on a 2,100 mile trip to the war front in a jeep, t o p p e d with a n o t h e r 700 piles of travel in a flying fortress, much of it on a bombing m i s s i o n GALLAGHER over Tunis. For sheer torture, the jeep trip was by far the worse. These are the main impressions I got in traveling over the front: I Raiu and constant threat of rain make allied tank warfare impossible in northern Tunisia until late February. There are only a few main roads leading into Tunis and Bizerte and the ground between them is nothing but muck which would mire the lightest tank. 2 The Germans, with short lines of communication, a perimeter defense of the two ports, and a great concentration of artillery and aerial protection from Sardinia and Sicily, could halt any infantry assault, with murderous losses. 3 In the north land warfare has 'stagnated with neither side able to take a definite initiative. 4 Despite the advantage of established bases In Sicily and Sardinia within easy reach of the Irorjt, the German air force is losing its punch in the face of allied opposition and is only a shadow of the terrible weapon it was in Greece and France. 5 The lack of airfields is handi- ,.?eappig-vtber allied.'-air-: effort; but" the military punishment be- insrdeait out by flying fortresses, Lockheed lighting (P-38) fighters and RAF attacks is 10 times as effective militarily as the blows of the German air force. 6 French troops, with a total disregard of politics and antiquated equipment, are fighting Â·with great gallantry, particularly at.Pont de Fahs and in the south along a winding irregular line through the mountains toward Gafsa. 7 The Germans are making great preparations for the defense of their positions in Tunisia. One hindrance to the allied drive is the terrain, which, next to the weather, is the key to the situation. It resembles that of Arizona in appearance, with fewer trees and with great mountains of by narrow twisting in rock cut roads. Â· There are great plateaus central Tunisia where the roads run from 50 to 60 miles without turning, often skirting the ruins of old Roman cities. Along these roads war chariots raced hundreds of years ago. Now sleel lightning fighters whisk down them a few feet over the camels driven by Arabs. * * * But where 100 stukas once appeared, only 15 now appear. Where 40 axis fighters flew, only four now fly. When they are challenged by the RAF and American fighters they quickly disappear. The Germans obviously are husbanding their waning strength. * * * To the soldier underneath particularly, the dive-bombing is still hell, but it is impossible to keep every enemy plane off every allied soldier. The Germans, with long- prepared fields in Sardinia and Sicily, hold every advantage, but they have been unable to exploit them to the extent they did in Greece. Crete and Norway. In dry weather Tunisia's great plateaus provide a hundred flying fields for the asking, but now these fields must be created with thousands of tons of wire netting brought hundreds of miles by trucks. Even with these. I have seen Spitfires land in six inches of water which sprayed two feet high over the cockpit as the plane came in. * * * Â· On the other hand, the allied bomber attack has been one of the most consistent of the war. Able to pick and choose from fields well behind the lines, American bombers smash down on the Germans In Bizerte. Tunis, Sfax, Gabes and Sousse by day while bombers from the middle east command hit by night. * Â¥ * In the nprlh of Tunisia, the war has gone into wet and miserable trenches along the ridges as in World war days. It is here that American troops are facing the veteran German troops and learning through hardship the crafts of war. In' the south, there is no .line-just a series of strong points held by the French, British parachutists and scattered American troops. The Germans use gliders to drop their patrols behind these strong points for guerrilla raids while American and French patrols often penetrate deep into the enemy lines On similar raids. * * * It is a dangerous and exciting country where one never knows while driving along whether parachutists or glider troops have mined the road or bridge just ahead. * # * I can still hear the howls of rage from the ground troops. They have been, dive-bombed and strafed dozens of times. I have done my share of ditch jumping as Messerschmitfs raked the road. It is still true that the Germans can raid the allied lines, making daylight travel on the few roads dangerous^ and they even control the air for short periods. Foi- every four bombs dropped by the Germans on Bone or behind the allied lines, however, British and American bombers drop 40. This ratio is increasing and when It can be co-ordinated with a tank attack it can be a deciding factor. * * * Gen. Walther Nehring, the German commander in Tunisia, recognizes this and he is conserving air strength which has been estimated at about 1,000 planes in Tunisia,, Southern Italy, Sardinia, Sicily and Tripoli. * * * Any doubt-that Hitler intends to fight for the bottleneck of the Mediterranean between Tunisia and! Sjcity ; has- been dispelled by the quality of the prisoners being taken. There are crack German airmen who saw service in western Europe, Norway and Russia. Some of them wear insignia denoting 110 operational flights. The first scratch troops are being replaced by veteran German outfits and their numbers are increasing every day. CAROLE LANDIS WED TO FLYER Went to Britain to Entertain Troops LONDON, (/P)--Carole Landis, blond film star from the United States, and Capt. Thomas C. Wallace of Pasadena, Cal., a U. S. army airforce pilot, were married Tuesday. Miss Landis came to Britain to entertain troops. Captain Wallace has been here two and n half years and was one of the original mem bers of the royal air force's American Eagle squadron. The wedding ceremony was per formed in (lie Church of the Assumption. The couple had planned to be married New Year's day, bu Miss Landis had not recoverec fully from an appendicitis operation. THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 75 HITLER: HOLD AT ALL COST British Move Near Akyab Base JAP SHIPS ARE SEEN GOING IN, OUT OF HARBOR Knox Says Nipponese Destroyers Floated Supplies to Guadalcanal By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wavell's British legions from India were reported moving nearer the big Japanese base at Akyab in Burma Tuesday and dispatches from the front declared it was uncertain whether the Japanese commander "intends to defend Akyab or withdraw without a fight." British troops advancing along the Bay of Bengal coast were last reported within 25 miles of the port. * W * A Reuters (British n e w s ' agency) correspondent said Japanese ships had been moving in and out of Akyab harbor during (he last few days "but whether they were bringing up supplies or taking: off troops is difficult to establish." * * Â¥ The Reuters correspondent said the puzzle would be solved shortly "when it is expected that British forces may contact the enemy" and declared that meanwhile the Japanese were carrying out harassing tactics by dashing along jungle waterwa3's~ to execute short, sharp attacks. Other far Pacific developments: Solomon Islands--Secretary oÂ£ the Navy Frank Knox said in ^Washington lhat Japanese destroyers which reached the waters off the northwest Guadalcanal island last Saturday apparently did not make a landing but did send metal drums of. supplies drifting toward shore. The next morning. Knox said. American torpedo boats and planes from Quadalcanal air field scoured the vicinity and sank all the drums they could find. * * * Knox said the Japanese squadron, originally 10 destroyers had been under repeated attack for 275 miles during its approach to Guadalcanal to land supplies and reinforcements. One of the destroyers was set aflame and another was probably sunk. Â¥ * * "The best information \ve have is that they didn't make a landing but were driven off," Knox told newsmen. NEW GUINEA FRONT--Gen. Douglas MacAUhur's headquarters reported tersely that American and Australian troops were regrouping "preparatory to attack" against the last Japanese stronghold on the Papuan peninsula, at Sanananda Point. *?Â· V- fires were reported left in the enemy's defense positions after allied warplanes swept overhead at low altitudes, dropped 11,000 pounds of 300-pound bombs on Japanese machine- gun nests and strafed enemy troops. Â¥ * * \, Frontline reports said allied troops mopping up the Buna- Giropa Point sector, which, wss occupied Jan. 3. overran the area faster and with loss resistance than expected. CAROLE LANDIS H'tds airforce pilot EX-CONGRESSWOMAX DIES RYE, N. Y.. W(--Former Congresswoman Caroline O'Doy. 07, four times elected represcntative- al-largc from New York, and close friend of President and Mrs .Roosevelt, died Alonday night. U RELOW AT CHARLES CITY Grip of Cold Wave Is Continued on Iowa DES MOIi\ES, W/--Bitter cold continued to grip Iowa Tuesday after the mercury dropped to 14 below zero at Charles City during the night. Mason City reported 12 below. Spencer recorded a minimum of 10 below. Other below zero readings included Fort Dodge -5. Dubuque -4. Sioux Cily -3, and Cedar Rapids and Ames -1. The h i g h e s t the mercury climbed Monday was at Council Bluffs. 25 above Airlines President Is Denied Seat on Plane SALT LAKE CITY. Utah. (U.P.) --\V. A. Coiiltcr. president of western Airlines, was refused a scat on a WAL plane bound for California because all accommodations were held by paying passengers. Portsmouth Wall Foils Flood Yanks Capture Heights on Guadalcanal WASHINGTON. M) -- Ameri;in Iroops on Guadalcanal island lave gained strategic high ground Â·verlooking their airfield from he southwest and repulsed six inemy counter attacks, killing a otal of 150 Japanese troops. Navy communique number 240 aid: "South Pacific: (All dates arc sist longitude) "1. On Jan. 4: " 'Catalinas' (consolidated PBY) md 'flying fortresses' (Boeing B- 7) executed a series of air :U- acks on the Munda are;), in the lew Georgia group. The same svening dive bombers, escorted y fighters, bombed anti-aircraft, losilions. taxiwa.VS rind runways n the same area. Results of the Â·aids were not reported. All of our nlnncs returned. "2. Our troops on Guadalcanal iltackeit and gained high ground lositions in tho vicinity of Mount ,Â» Tin ?ftn Â· flow* wall at Portsmouth, Ohio, held back the Ohio river from the city ol 40,000 is graphically shown here. With water 16 feet from the top of the wall H houseboat floats high above the business section at left, which remains clrv Report Japs Massing Large AIRPORT STILL Armada for New Thrust Melbourne Papers Say Nippon Planes Believed 'ScoutingJ^rorrrSubs - -* MELBOURNE. (fP)--Melbourne newspapers displayed prominently Tuesday a statement by a government official that the Japanese were reported massing the largest armada they have yet sent into the southwest Pacific and that Japanese aircraft apparently operating from submarines had been scouting the Australian northeast coast. (In Washington, Navy Secrelarv Knox said that there were always enemy ships at Rabnul, New Britain, but that "to the best of my knowledge there Is no unusual concentration at the moment." He had been asked at a pi-ess conference whether the navy had information of a concentration ot Japanese shipping at Rabaul presumably for an attack on Guadalcanal or the allied-held part of New Guinea), * * Â¥ The published accounts said reports of intensive enemy activity in the New Guinea area. which had reached the federal Government, suggested a. large- scale Japanese amphibious operation in Ihe zone northeast of Australia. * * * The official who told of (he reported new Japanese activity did not permit his identity to be disclosed. It was suggested here that these r e p o r t s probably prompted Premier John Curtin to make his recent appeal for more allied aid. The official said that a luiae concentration of Japanese ships had been sighted off Rabaul and other New Britain harbors, and that at Munda. in the Solomons, the Japanese were constructing an airdrome which would be one of the largest in the southwest Pacific, capable of nccommodatins large fleets of the heaviest bombers. lie said that Japanese merchant ships and transports in the New Guinea area iverc strongly supported by warships, --bn*,,were dispersed for greater safety -from allied air action. * * * Adverse weather also was reported helping screen the Japanese ships from allied bombers. Cut-tin,-after receiving these reports, conferred with senior members of the Australian naval staff. A meeting of the war council has been called for next week. * Â·Â¥Â· * The official who told of the threatening moves suggested these probable Japanese alternatives: 1. Another move against the Americans in the Solomons--the Guadalcanal area. 2. An attempt to reinforce the last Japanese forces in the Buna- Sanananda point area ot northeast New Guinea in an effort to win bacl: airdromes in that sector. 3. A general move to strengthen the whole Japanese southwest Pacific line, perhaps to establish defensive positions. Japanese land parlies were said to be working feverishly constructing new defenses in the Solomons and in Portuguese Timor. Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Warmer Tuesday afternoon, Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon: lowest Tuesday night, 8 above. IOWA: Not so cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. MINNESOTA: Not.so cold Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday r Minimum Monday night -12 At 8 a. m. Tuesday -4 At 2 p. m. Tuesday 12 YEAR AGO: Maximum Â· -5 i Minimum . -24 Trains Collide in Tunnel in Wyoming; No One Injured 8 Cars of Westbound Los Angeles Limited Derailed in Wreck OMAHA. (fl|--The Union Pacific railroad said that eight cars on its westbound Los Angeles limited were derailed in n collision in a tunnel at Hcrmosa. \Vyo., early Tuesday, but that no injuries were reported to the 136 passengers aboard. The railroad said another train struck the rear end of the Los Angeles limited. Speed of the limited was estimated at from 10 to 12 miles an hour and the other train from 18 lo 20 miles an hour. The derailed cars included (he club car, diner, and six Pullmans. The passengers were moved Into cars scut from Cheyenne, Wyo., to the tunnel entrance. Earlier in the evening, the rail- t road said, there was a freight cai derailment at the cast switch a Uermosa. with no injuries reported. Fourteen cars were derailed. Because ot ibe earlier derailment the railroad was using the main track as a single track between Dale Creek and Hermosa junction. Hermosa is about 20 miles south- cast of Laramie. The tunnel is a concrete one. 827 feet long. The train that collided with the limited was a mail and express train westbound out ot Omaha. Cause of the freight train lc railmcnt, officials .said, was th*. shifting of a load of sled plate in one of the cars. The car turned over when the heavy load shifted and the derailment resulted. The train was carrying five cars load ON CAA LIST Regional Engineer Sa$j.Allocation Stands The temporary stop order oj construction of the Mason Cit airport is still in force but his of fice is planning spring construe ticn here, Paul V. Roberts, Kan sas City, regional engineer for the "vii[ aeronautics administration reported during a visit in Masoi City Tuesday. . Questioned about an Associated Press dispatch Tuesday f r o n Washington, D, C.. slating that "I'm war production board stopped eon struction on the Mason City air port project to conserve material for other work," Mr. Roberts sail that it undcubtedly referred to the temporary stop order announce* last month by the CAA. The $650,000 allocation by ih CAA for development ol th Mason City municipal airport slil stands, Mr. Roberts declared, noth Ing to the contrary having beet received in Ills office. The temporary stop order wa issued by the WPB, Mr. Robert said, because of the shortage o building materials. He said ccmen and asphalt are on the critical lis as well as steel. U.S. SHIPYARDS EXGEEDF.R.GOAL 746 Ships and 800 Smal Craft Made in 1942 WASHINGTON, lip,--America! shipyards slightly exceeded Prcsi dent P.ooscvclt's goal of producin 8.000,000 deadweight tons o shipping in 1342. Rear Admlm Emory S. Land, chairman cf i h _ . maritime commission, r e p o r t e d ! Tuesday. Land said the ynrds delivered 746 ships of 8.030.800 tons, exclusive of merchant-type vessel? built for the armed forces. ai:d 800 small craft. The year was climaxed by a record month in December, when 121 ships of 1,939,300 tons were placed in service. The best previous month V.MS September, with 33 ships of 1,- OGI.112 tons. Austen, capturin enemy ield piece. Six enemy counter [Hacks were repulsed w i t h ISO Japanese killed. Patrols in other sectors killed 20 additional Japanese and captured howitzers, nortars and light machine guns." The occupation of the new positions southwest of the airfield constituted what appeared to be .he first important advance of American ground forces on the island in weeks. Heretofore the American troops had engaged only in widespread patrol activity which took a heavy toll of their starving and more or less isolated Japanese opponents on the western and southern Hanks of the A m e r i c a n position protecting Guadalcanal airfield. The immediate purpose of the advance In the vicinity of Mount Austen, a 1,514-foot peak, four miles southwest ot the airfield, undoubtedly was to prevent the Japanese from bombarding the field from the-heights. The Scylla is a 5,450 ton British the admiralty and air ministry: cruiser. ROUGE RIVER STRIKE SPREADS 15,000 Ford Workers Estimated to Be Idle DETROIT. U.R--An unauthorized strike at the vast River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor companv spread (o an estimated 15,00!) workers Tuesday as an army o f f i - cer expressed fear the situation was "growing more serious by the hour." A company spokesman estimated t h a t 8,470 day shift workers hhtt been idled in addition io fi.OOfl employes forced to lay down their tools Monday night when maintenance workers in several buildings walked out to protest the c o m p a n y's reorganization of maintenance crews. Col. George E." Strong, plant protection chief for the army air forces, estimated t h a t 30.000 man- hours of work were lost Monday "ight and t h a i another BO,000 would be losl Tuesday. Strong said u n i t s affected by the stoppage included four foundries, a machine shop, the power plant, and the motor building. "The situation is growing more serious as time passes."'' he asserted. "Work for the ail- forces is not yet affected, but it soon w i l l be if the strike continues." NEW RED TRAP IMPERILS MORE OF NAZI TROOPS Hitler Wants Front Held Even if Rostov Should Be Cut Off By ROGER D. GREENE Associated Press IVar Editor With the entire nazi campaign in the Caucasus threatened with col- Inpsc. Adolf Hitler was reported Tuesday to have ordered the German armies on that .front to hold at all costs, even if the Russians cut off their northern "escape corridor" through Rostov. Advices reaching London--thus far without confirmation--said the German plan now was to supply the axis Caucasus army by sea if land communications failed. The nnzis n-erc reported massing a fleet of all available ships in the Black sea to carry supplies to No- vorossisk. Heavy battles raged OR, five great fronts in the Russian campaign Tuesday, imperilling lhÂ« GcYmr.iis on a 1,000-mile line, with the red armies of Col-Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutiri threatening to spring a fresh trap around nazi garrisons in the Don bend 100 miles \vost of Stalingrad. V- * * Soviet dispatches said two Russian forces lacked only 30 miles of forging the final link in a Hew ring around the Germans following the capture of Cher- nishkov and the nari air base at Chernishkovskaya 40 miles to the north. * * * Union of the two red armies would encircle more axis divisions in a region 50 miles west oÂ£'an- other tightly-closed trap engulfing the survivors of 22 German divisions before Stalingrad. Russian headquarters, denouncing German claims of success as 'Â·Hitlerite lies . . . as foolish as they arc false." reported an unbroken series of red army triumphs in live key sectors: 1. NORTHERN CAUCASUS-"Our troops continued their advance and occupied several populated places," the soviet command announced. "An especially fierce engagement look place in the area of 4 large village. The Germans-, Ihrcw considerable numbers of'., infantry and tanks into the attack. In hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and rifle butts, soviet Iroops routed the Hitler- ites and drove them from the villasre." Pressing liieu- comeback drive through the Caucasus, the Russians were reported surging ahead from newly-captured Mozdok, gateway to the Grozny oil fields, and southeast of Nalchik. 2. MIDDLE DON--The German high command threw masses oC reinforcements into one sector ot In all of 1941. only O.i ships of 1,088,000 tons were completed, less than the production in Dcccmbcr of 1042. At the end of 1942. merchant ships were being delivered at the rale of four a day. a schedule reached a month earlier than had been estimated. Reveal Quebec Storm Worst in 50 Years TORONTO. OP) -- Censorship was lifted Tuesday to disclose that eastern Ontario and western Quebec suffered their worst winter storm in 50 years over the New Year's holiday. The city of Brockville. on the St. Lawrence i-iver, was w i t h o u t power, telegraph or telephone service for three days and communications Â·. Â·( "Â° Â·Â·Â·-- -.Â«"Â·} vÂ«. u - nni_u u.i,:Â» arm communica necl plate, officials added, have not been fully restored. i. (he middle Don. scoring a slight sain, but rÂ«l army tanks swung into the battle, k i l l i n g several hundred nazis and wrecking 49 enemy tanks. A soviet communique said the Russians encircled more nazi garrisons in the drive across the mid- . die Don sieppcs toward Rostov and declared lhat in counterattacks attempting to relieve the beleaguered forces the Germans lost 1,000 killed in Monday's fighting. ". SOUTHWEST OF STALINGRAD--Russian troops captured several more towns and dislodged tiic Germans from an important position after a flanking attack. 4. SOUTHWEST OF VELIK1E 1.UR1--Russian columns driving toward (he nearby Latvian frontier routed the Germans out of a strongly-fortified center of resistance after smashing barbed-wire defenses and picking a path ,,_ ,,- through minefields. vessel filled w i t h raw materials | 5. WEST OF KZIIEV-- German Ul-m^ifwf bCC " Sl " l! Y" # c Â«wÂ»Â«cÂ«Â«acks were reputed Atlantic, it was nnnn.mm,! o f f , . I A Moscow broadcast declared t h a t General Vatutws hard-fighting Legions seized 2,000.000 shells 500.000 aerial bombs, 17 planes and huge stores of supplies in the capture of Chcrnishkov and Cher- nishkovskaya west of Stalingrad. Other developments in the European conflict: WESTERN AIR WAR--RAF bombers smashed at Germany's war foundries in the Ruhr valley Monday night for the second night in n row, and the Berlin radio acknowledged casualties and "damage lo buildings in residential quarters." XOHTII A F R I C A--\Vhirling sandstorms forced a lull in operations on the Libyan desert front, where Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's British 8th army was last reported in contact with Rommel's Afrika koips in the region west of Wadi Bei El Chebir. "There was nothing lo report from our land forces," British headquarters announced. LARGE GERMAN VESSEL SUNK Caught Trying to Run Blockade in Atlantic LONDON. /P-- A large German vessel filled w i t h raw materials for Germany has been sunk in the Atlantic, it was announced o f f i - j c i a l l y Tuesday. I The announcement was made in this joint communique from the admiralty and anr ministry: "A large German vessel attempting to run the blockade heavily laden with raw materials for Germany has been intercepted by our patrols and sunk in the Atlantic. "The enemy vessel was sighted by aircratt ot the coastal command which directed surface forces to the area in which the enemy was ultimately found and sunk by if. M. s. Scylla (Capt. I. A. P. Maclntyrc, C. B. E I! TYRONE POWEK TRAINS SAN DIEGO, Cal.. lll.P.)--Film Star Tyrone Power, hero of many a swashbuckling role, begun seven weeks' preliminary training as a private in the marine corps here. He had been on inactive d u l y since his enlistment in August.