The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 9, 1945 · Page 23
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January 9, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 23

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, January 9, 1945
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Page 23
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F A R M , J A N U A R Y 1 9 4 5 11 A are: Published Monthly by the Mason City Globe-Gazette in the interest of the Farm Industry and Rural Community CARL WRIGHT, Editor " S . W. LOCK, Photographer Iowa Recommends * * * S OMETIME BEFORE THE SNOWS are gone again, in Iowa members of the Fifty-first General Assembly will receive a report on one of the Hawkeye state's most cherished assets--its rural schools, the teachers who teach there, and the children who attend. The complete report of the Iowa School Code Commission, given to Gov. Bourke B. Hickenlooper last July 1, consists of two parts. In the first part the current school situation is described, the rnost significant weaknesses are identified, comparisons with national standards and trends are made, and a digest of the recommendations of the commission is given. The second part is composed of 20 bills embodying the recommendations. It is the purpose ot this editorial to. give the most salient features of the report. * * * I State Administration of Education I T IS RECOMMENDED THAT a state department of public instruction be created, consisting of the following:_(a) A state board of public instruction of seven members appointed by the governor, and approved by the senate, for overlapping terms of six years; (b) A state superintendent of public instruction appointed by the state board of public instruction to act as its executive officer; and (c) Such assistants and employes as shall be deemed necessary. · ' · * * * I I County School Administration I T IS RECOMMENDED THAT the current administration of schools on the 'county level be strengthened by the election.of a county board at the regular school election, and the appointment by the county board of an executive officer to be known as the county superintendent of schools. ·* * ' , * . ' III Reorganization of School Districts SPECIAL. BILL ON REORGANIZATION of school districts is proposed, the main provisions of which I. The county board of education in each county is given the responsibility and power to initiate and promote such reorganization of school districts as may be indicated by the findings of surveys and the professional advice it may obtain. Z. Before any plan of reorganization is finally approved by the county board, it must be. submitted to the state department of public instruction for its counsel and suggestions. ' 3. After approval by the county board, the reorganization plan must be submitted to the voters of the affected districts and must receive a majority vote before being put into effeel. * , * * IV State Support I N ORDER TO RELIEVE THE TAX burden on general property and to equalize educational opportunity,-the commission recommends that about one-fifth of the costs of regular public school operation, about §9,000,000, anc about §3,000,000 for special purposes such as pupil transportation, special education of handicapped children, etc., be paid from, state funds. It is recommended that the proposed state school support fum of $9,000,000 be used for two purposes (1) to reduce the ecncra property tax; and (2) to equalize educational opportunity. * * *. V Transportation rpIIE COMMISSION RECOMMENDS that the cost ol -«- transporting pupils to schools, up to an amount indicated by practical standards of economy and efficiency, be paid by the state, and that a state director of pupil trans portation be provided in the state department. Transportation of children to school has become essential to an adequate education, especially for farm children. Free transportation is provided by law in Iowa (1) in consolidated school districts and (2) in one-room districts which have closed their schools am are sending their children to adjacent schools. Children who are required to leave their home districts to attend high schools are, however, not provided lor and this is known to have a marked effect upon the number who attend high schoo from one-room school districts. * * * VI Certification of Teachers TT IS PROPOSED THAT the minimum qualifications re -1- quired of teachers be increased gradually until the leve of two years of collegiate teacher education is reached by Aug. 31,1952. ' The issuance of uniform county certificates and the training o teachers In high schools will be discontinued. Limited elementary certificates will be issued, based upon the accumulation of 1 credit boars of college instruction for each two-year period unti * * * VII Retirement Allowances rpHE COMMISSION RECOMMENDS the establishmen ·*- of a state system of retirement allowances for teacher and.other school employes. A joint contributory plan i recommended in which the employe, the employer, and th state each contribute an equivalent of 1 per cent of th teachers salary. monies from these three sources will constitute a retire VI It Teacher Tenure HHE COMMISSION RECOMMENDS that the existing A legislation, which provides for the continuation of con-acts from year to year be continued unless notification (the contrary is made by either the teacher or the school oard before April 15 of the current year. iiS,f * OPOS M- fll u tIle * that leachers be Protected by giving them * P "· 63 "" 68 in ""* they wish to protest the aclion _ ,. " -- r *--"- ""-«»*«»;» iu vac nicy WASH to protest l f their respective boards in terminating their contracts. ·^ . ^- ju X Educotion of Handicapped Children ~ m IS RECOMMENDED THAT a division of special education for handicapped children be established in the tate department with an experienced and well-trained erson in charge. v X Kindergartens A T PRESENT THE SCHOOL BOARD of any district r*. may establish a kindergarten when petitioned to do so y a specified minimum number of residents of the district "u fa j^?^^.?. e t 1t ^,ur-v^ is !i ng ie f k!a « i °'»«*TM°***«» ^to^establish kindergartens on their own initia- to do so when petitioned by the parents of ;n pupils in the district. * * * XI Vocational Education DECOMMENDED LEGISLATION on this subject is de- AV signed to strengthen and expand the program of voca- lonal education within the state. By it the present state oard for vocational education will be abolished and its pwers and duties will be transferred to the proposed state oard of public instruction. re^in!?,*/ '"""B 6 ? suggested to Hie present law are minor and re intended to clarify existing legislation and to bring it up to late with recent federal legislation. * * * XII Adult Education DECAUSE EXISTING LEGISLATION relative to the -L» education of adults is both ambiguous and inadequate, he commission recommends that the present code be larified. · It is also recommended that local school boards may establish nd marntam on their own initiative evening classeHnd f forums » ault 1- an . d m «st «io so if petitioned by a specified numer"? lt residents of the district; that public funds may be TMed to defray the costs of such classes and forums; and that the boards may determine the requirements for admission, may employ spe- " U "? er cerlain specified conditions, may grant elcmenlary 3nd hi « h scb TM 1 "evels, for satis- n - ?» » I J°J"?5?«, H( . r * ? " T r T s 3 : i . . wl11 "* paid " rtain * rather ""K^s* « » per month. T-^ 1 5 j ,'-: -c , t » - ,t amounte k Father-Son Partnership Suggested Though there may be many hands trying to help the returning service veteran, probably the best solution will be one worked out within the boy's owtv family. That may be especially true or the Iowa farm by who wants to return to the farm. I. W. Arthur, Iowa State college extension farm economist, points out that a lot of the boys will want to start right in farming for themselves, and they would like to farm the home place. "Two things may hurt that ambition, though," Arthur says. "In the first place, modern Iowa farming calls for heavy investment in machinery, equipment and livestock, not counting the land itself. The average fellow hates to sink himself in too much debt to get started. "The'other obstacle will often be that Dad isn't quite ready to step out. He'd like to stick around for at least a couple more years." The solution, Arthur believes, lies in more thinking of u father-son or a father-son-in- law farming agreement. There's much to be said in favor of such a set-up. Eggs are about the only product of importance produced on Iowa farms that the government does not want to see slay in 1945 at the production level or slightly higher than that of 1944. * * * XIII Minimum Salary for Teachers FT IS RECOMMENDED THAT the present minimum sal- A ary of ?65-pe r month be increased to $80. Minimum salary regulations at these levels do not count for much under present conditions but may serve in the postwar period to_ prevent a recurrence of the almost disastrous reduction in teachers' salaries which occurred during the pe_nod following the last war. tn £ e TMiTrf n t?- ati ° M . XlV ',? V ' XVI and XVn respectively have to do with tuition rates, establishment of a sinking fund, power to close schools and tuition for special vocational instruction. Outstanding m these four recommendations is the proposal that school boards be reauired to pay the tuition charges for any of their resi- ·J ^ £ ^l * S £ Ocl a ? c who desirc vocational inslruction not provided by their home districts. * * * XVIII Tax Relief on Agricultural Lands A SA PRACTICABLE, BUT PARTIAL solution to a most difficult problem of inequitable and excessively heavy tax burden for the support of schools, which falls upon :ne agricultural population included in many independent town districts and in all consolidated school districts, the commission recommends that a ceiling of 15 mills be established for school taxes on agricultural lands, over 10 acres in extent, and that, in districts where the millage rate is greater than 15, the state shall reimburse to the local district the amount of the total school levy on farm lands which is m excess of the amount raised by the 15 mill levy * * * XIX Source of State Support for Schools FTIHERE ARE AT PRESENT LARGE unassigned -bal- J- ances in several special earmarked funds. The commission recommends that legislation be enacted transferring each year to the general fund unassigned balances in the revenues from the 3-point tax (sales, individual and corporation income tax) and use taxes A ? C ES' ASS UMING TME RESUMPTION 10 ° PER CENT COLLECTION OF THE 0 I L L A M p LY PROVIDE F O R THE PROPOSED STATE SCHOOL SUPPORT FUND OF ABOUT Contoured Field Most Productive Iowa farmers who'farmed on the contour in 1944 got more corn, oats and soybeans to the acre than those who farmed up and down hill. These c o n c l u s i o n s were reached by G. M. Browning and M. B. Russell, of the soil conservation service and the Iowa agricultural experiment station, after comparing yields of crops grown by the 2 methods side by side in the same field In 1944 the yields from contoured and up-and-down hill areas were compared on 49 fields of corn, II fields oC soybeans and 3 fields of oats. As an average for the 49 fields of corn, contouring outyielded corn planted up and down hill by 6.8 bushels per acre. Soybeans on the contour outyielded soybeans planted in rows up and down hill by 2.3 bushels per acre. The average for 3 fields oi oats was 6.1 bushels per acre in favor of contouring. Purchasing certified seed « one way of being assured of its adaptability and yielding qua! ity. The fight against undue complacency should start right in the average person's back yard The tools are a spade and a hoe and _a. p,ackage _of garden seed.. SUMMER STARTING T H I S WINTER GUARANTEED OR 1 W H E N Y O U U S E CASIJf · Suve-- your battery, you? gasoline, your temper-- with 1 summer starting, all winter] long. Caeite in the craokcaW! enables motors to turn overt easier, atari faster. Get » guaranteed, double-your. money-back Casile winter? starting tune-up today from · your car dealer, gajrage *« ««n IK *· «MM C«IM U ·M. M4 C«M MW*« M K tvr or Mi i» «·«», r« t* ··«· Diitrikmte* kr HATHORN MOTOR PARTS CO. 1£ lit St. 3. E. X»i» Cl»j low* OIT inn nareii cu«i

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