The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 18, 1944 · Page 1
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February 18, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, February 18, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME · · · · · · ' · · · · ' COUP O E P A R T M t N T O F H t S T O S Y A N O A R C H I V E ? THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOl. L HOME EDITION irnrm Associated Press and Umled Press Full I-caicd Wires (Five Cents a Copyi MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, FEBRUAKY IS, 1944 Nazis Admit Staraya Russa Loss as Lines Continue to Crack Up London, (/P)--The Germans announced Friday the evacuation ot Staraya Russa, their mightiest base between Leningrad and Smolensk, in a broadening craekup of defenses which seemed to presage the complete German abandonment* ot northern Russia. The red army triumph south ot Lake llmen came just a day after the Russians said they had completed the liquidation of the German 8th array trapped · around Korsun near the Dnieper bend, inflicting on the enemy his worst single disaster in Russia since Stalingrad. Marshal Stalin announced that 52,000 had been killed and 11,000 captured from the 10 divisions and a brigade. Another 21,900 had been killed in futile efforts to break open the trap bringing tola! German losses around Korsun to 84,900. Berlin's account of the newest retreat toward the Baltic states reflected Hitler's growing raan- pov*r crisis. The Germans asserted that the retreat was necessary "to shorten the front and gain further operational reserves." Moscow has not yet confirmed the victory. Actually, Staraya Russa--a bastion on the Lovat river--had been outflanked by Russian offensives ·west from captured Novgorod, north of Lake llmen, and,, south from Leningrad to within 27 miles of Pskov. These columns had reached 'positions ,200 miles due east o£ Staraya Russa and the red army was astride the direct east- west railway retreat or supply line. The evacuation of Staraya Russa save the Russians control of all but the extreme western tip of Lake'llmen and even there the rail junction of Shimsk seemed about ready to fall. The Germans countered Stalin's victory claim of Thursday night with the assertion that a relief tank force had broken through to the trapped remnants of the German 8th army in the middle Ukraine. 1 ".West ot Cherkasy in bitter defense and attacks which lasted several days, connection with cutoff German lighting groups has been re-established," :a Berlin broad cast-said.* The nazis asserted, that a corridor was- cut .through the ranks of the numerically superior Russians and said fighting was "fluctuating." A mere 2,000 or 3,000 German officers escaped from the trap by plane, said a communique oE the soviet information bureau. Hitler had ordered the trapped troops to hold their positions at all costs, Moscow said, and save "direct instructions lo the encircled German officers and men lo commit suicide if their position I I y became hopeless." Many did so, according to the soviet' commu- nique. In addition to the heavy losses inflicted on the besieged nazis 'Moscow said Field Marshal Fritz Von Mannstein's final futile counter-attacks Thursday from outside the red army's encircling lines cost him 1,800 men and 51 tanks and self-propelled guns. Ot the booty captured in the 100 square Roosevelt Veto of Anti-Subsidy Bill Sustained Washington. (1P--P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt fired the anti-subsidy bill back to congress with a veto Friday and promptly won his battle for subsidies when opponents failed to muster enough strength to override the veto in the house. The house voted 226 lo 151 lo pass the bill over the veto, 23 votes short of the necessary two- thirds majority. Thus the veto was sustained. Mr. Roosevelt, in his veto message, called the subsidy repealer "an inflation measure, a high cost of living measure, a food shortage measure"--the same language he used in rejecting similar legis- 8 lowans Vote to Override F. R. Veto .Washington, (/P)--Iowa's 8 republican congressmen voted to override President Roosevelt's veto of legislation opposing subsidies, but then ended up on the losing side because the necessary 2/3rds majority was not achieved. This Paper Coniists cl Two Sections--Section One NO. 115 JAPS HINT TRUK LANDING HAWAIIAN 15. · . . Pearl ".... Harbor Honolulu 1 ^ mile trap, clay said: Stalin's order of the "The entire German equipment and war material was captured by our troops." , Von Mannstein lost in addition lo the 21,900 men killed, 320 planes, including 179 junkers, 52 It tri-motorcd transport planes, 600 lation last summer. His veto was sustained on that occasion also. Republicans voted preponderantly to override the president Friday and were joined by a substantial number o£ democrats from farming areas. The house action obviated the necessity of the senate's voting on the veto. The subsidy repealer was attached as a rider to a bill extending the life of the commodity credit corporation, which expired Thursday. Speaker Rayburn (D., Tex.) said the corporation would be continued by new legislation. The subsidy repeal measure received top-heavy majorities in both houses. It passed the house 278 to 117 on Nov. 23 and the senate,'43 to 28, last week. The administration had sought subsidies in the amount ot $1,500,000,000 for the purpose of holding down retail -food prices during 1944. The icost of subsidies on about 17 key food commodities, including meats, butter, sugar, milk, and bread, cxx'eeded 51,000,000,000 last year. Price Administrator Chester Bowles has "vedicted food prices would rise at least 7 per cent without subsidies. F. R. Says Bill Is "Inflationary" Washington, (Pt--With "emphatic and vigorous .disapproval." President Roosevelt vetoed Friday an anti-subsidy bill sent to him by congress less than 24 hours earlier. The bill, he said, "is an inflation measure, a high cost of living measure, a lood shortage measure." The legislation proposed to end government subsidy payments for food after June 30. In addition, it tanks and 372 guns, between - Feb. would extend the life PACIFIC BATTLEGROUND-- Arrow in the above map allows the location of Truk islands, Japan's "Pearl Har- bor," which have been assaulted by American task forces in a bold move into the heart of the Caroline islands. Allies Open Attack on Cassino Thundering 6 Hour Barrage Made on GermanTositions By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters, Naples, (ff)--Allied troops moving up undercover of a thundering 6-hour barrage from hundreds of guns one of the most intense ol the Mediterranean war, began on attack on the · town slopes of of--CaBSino and the* Mt. Cassino before dawn Friday morning, Al the same time allied headquarters announced that American and British troops on the beachhead below Rome, with the aid of one of the greatest air umbrellas ever raised in the Mediterranean, had beaten back the head-on attack made by the Germans in an effort lo drive the allies into the sea al any cost. The attack on Cassino and Monastery hill was with the benefit of a deadly hail of steel which switched like a whip from the town to the mountain and back again where the Germans were holding out in pillboxes in the torn and battle-blackened houses and around the ruined monastery ot Monte Cassino. The fire from these pillboxes prevented the initial attempts to occupy the crest of Monastery hill just after a terrific bombing by flying fortresses and olhcr aircraft which levelled the ancient abbey on Tuesday. Just before the barrage ended shortly before dawn, the allied troops went into the attack asainst the toivn where they have been British position was re-established by prompt counter-attacks. At other points, too, German thrusts were repulsed before any breakthrough was achieved. As in launching (heir offensive Wednesday morning, the Germans supported their drives with intense artillery fire, and senl larger than usual formations of their airforcc to support the drive, sending out 185 sorties. In some case£ these German airmen broke through the allied sky patrols and bombed and shot up allied troops. American heavy bombers flew almost double their previous record o£ close support sorties, however, while RAF Wellingtons continued the attacks for the 6th night in succession to prevent the Germans from getting set for new thrusts. Allied warships contributed to the battle on both fronts, the British Cruiser Mauritius blasting the German road bottleneck at Formia, just in front of the main 5th army front to the south, while other warships took shots at German long-range guns which have been shelling Anzio shipping. MERCURY DROPS TO 15 BELOW Continuance of Cold ... WaveForecast in Iowa Des Moines, (S)--The mercury dropped to 15 below at Mason City and 14-below zero at Sioux City early Friday and the weather bureau forecast colder weather in most of the_ state Friday night. Fort Dodge had n minimum of 13 below, Charles City 10, Ames and Lamoni G, Burlington 7, Cedar Rapids and Davenport 3, DCS Moities and Iowa City 2. Highest reading Thursday was 35 at Burlington. Snow ranging up to 4 inches at Burlington fell in the southeast section of the state Thursday. The total amount now on the ground was 8 inches at Burlington, Davenport and Iowa City. 5 and Feb. 17. the soviet information bureau said. Sergeant Enters Doll in N. Y. Hobby Show New York. (U.P.V--Sgt. Leonard Young of Brooklyn entered his pin-up doll in the American hobby federation's doll show, plaining that he had made the doll's body on Guadalcanal from G. I. underwear. A photograph of Betty Grabie's face is pasted on the head. IT ALSO LIVENS UP -SLOW-PAYS- WHO FORGET THEIR NEW9PAPERBOV , WHEN HE COLLECTS TOMORROW Your newspaper boy is busy tpo. He will appreciate getting his money when he calls the first lime. commodity credit corporalii ti! June 30, 1945. Mr. .Roosevelt said that it, ... effect, would reverse a congressional policy and repeal the econ- nomic stabilization act. He said no major warring nation had been able to stabilize living costs xvithout subsidies and that he did not see how the wage line could be held if the bill became law. Once that line breaks, he asserted, food costs will rise still further and all other costs will go up, including those of munitions and supplies for the armed forces. The chief executive (old congress that the legislation would destroy the stabilization program and "I cannot accept responsibility for its disastrous consequences." He said he hoped congress would not compel these consequences. The measure, Mr. Roosevelt declared, would boost the government's cost of food index at least 7 per cent and raise the entire cost of living materially. Calling the roll on the added expense he said the housewife would encounter under the measure, he listed: Ten cents a pound more for butter, nearly 8 cents a pound more for cheese, an additional cent a quart for milk, an extra cent a loaf for bread, 7 cents more for 10 pounds of flour, 4 cents a pound more for hamburger, ·1 1 A cents for pork chops, S'.i cents "for sliced ham, 3". cents for chuck roast, and 5 cents for round steak. Mr. Roosevelt urgently recommended that congress extend the life of Ihe CCC, "without hampering restrictions," as soon as possible so that farmers can make plans for planting with knowledge o' support prices on which they can depend. \ German shell passed through The Germans apparentlv elected the city. On the Anzio beachhead the allies still were firmly holding their perimeter although the Germans Thursday twice broke through in bitter battle in one sector near Gisterna and were twice driven back. The Germans nUemplcd a frontal attack straight down the 10 mile stretch of road from Carroceto to Anzio, apparently willing to take enormous losses to carry out Adolf Hitler's demand that the British and Americans be driven off their springboard. But they were met by a terrific smash from allied air might, including hundreds of flying fortresses and liberators which made the greatest heavy bomber effort ever waged in the Mediterranean area in support of ground troops. Showering the enemy with thousands of anti-personnel and Iras- mentation bombs and other missiles, the big bombers attacked all alonft just behind the Germans' front. Clearing weather permitting the air forces to take off in strength also saw swarms of medium and lighter bombers roaming the battle area and plastering the enemy almost at will. Allied airmen carried out 1,500 sorties, one of the biggest days they have had. Although, this had the effect of pinning down German armor and infantry, bitter fighting still was raging along the beachhead. Besides making his main effort down the Via Anziate toward Anzio, the enemy also struck in the Cistcrna area. Two regiments penetrated into allied lines, but allied headquarters said the American- to make the costly drive down the main road toward Anzio because the ground on either side ivas too soft to permit armor maneuvers. Prior to the heavy shelling of Cassino American troops were reported holding one-third of the town where they have been inching forward from one stronghold to another for nearly 2 weeks. There was hard fighting Thursday in Ihe degion of Albaneta ridge, 2 miles west of Cassino, where the Americans are striving to cut the highway to Rome, but little change in positions took place. The allies gained the peak of a hill but withdrew under a German counterattack. On the 8th army front additional snow blanketed the mountains, but an Indian patrol chased off one enemy detachment, and British artillery shelled enemy vehicles in the Miglianico area. Spare Ration Stamp 3 Good for 5 Points in Pork Purchases Washington, «P|--Spare ration stamp No. 3 in war ration book No. 4 may be used for 5 points in purchases ot pork and all types of sausage through Saturday, Feb. 26. U may not be used for lard. The office of price administra- .. [ tioii (OPA) in announcing tile validation of the stamp, effective immediately, said civilian pork supplies in most parts of the country ore larger than anticipated, due to continued large receipt of hogs. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Fair and continued told Friday night; lowest temperature in Mason City 10 below, increasing cloudiness and · much warmer. Iowa: Fair, warmer west, continued cold east portion - Friday night; S a t u r d a y " increasing cloudiness and warmer, followed by light snow west portion Saturday night. Minnesota: Increasing cloudiness and warmer Friday night. Saturday cloudy and warmer with occasional light snow followed by snow flurries and colder north portion in afternoon and entire state Saturday evening, I N MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 21 Min. Thursday night -15 At B a. m. Friday -Ja At 10:30 a. m. Friday -4 YEAR AGO: Maximum' 24 Minimum 7 Great Task Force Used by Americans By WILLIAM F. TYKEE Pearl Harbor, (U.P.)--One of the .reatest carrier task forces ever assembled in any ocean was believed Friday to have blasted a trail of sinking ships, wrecked planes and devastated shore installations through Truk, Japan's "Pearl Harbor," in a mighty assault only a little more than 2,000 miles south of Tokyo. The task force resumed radio silence after flashing word that it had begun the assault Wednesday dawn, but Adm.. Chester W. Nim- iti" announcement that "several hundred" dive bombers, torpedo bombers and fighters were participating was taken as a certain indication that heavy damage was inflicted on Japan's biggest base outside home waters. Reconnaissance p h o to g r a phs taken by i! marine liberator bombers on Feb. 4 in the first allied flight ever made over Truk showed at least 25 warships, including 2 aircraft carriers, numerous lighter warships, and supply ships, in the huge lagoon. Though Nimitz' communique referred only to the "commencement" of the attack, there was no confirmation that it continued for · more than one day at the longest. It also was doubted here t h a t the bombing and strafing raids were supplemented by any naval bombardment, since such action would bring the task force dangerously close to coastal batteries. The assault touched off speculation as to whether an attempt to seize Truk was contemplated, but there was no informatior here, official or otherwise, as to whether the raid was a prelude to invasion. The huge American task force under Adm. Raymond A Spruance, under whose cornmanc Kwajalein atoll in the Marshalls was wrested from the Japanese Weather on Channel Improves Steadily Up to Month of May London, (ffi -- English channel weather generally improves each month from January through May with May the most favorable, a survey of channel weather statistics disclosed Friday. Year after year there are fewer gales and less fog and rainfall during the 5th month at both the channel extremities -- the Scilly islands on the west and Dungeness on the east. The Scilly area averages Ic.ss than 5 hours of gales during all of May and Dungcncss averages less than 8. How to Pronounce Jap Isle Fortress , By The Associated Press Truk. Japan's fortress in the Caroline islands, is pronounced as though it were spelled Trook. The double o is long, as in food. nearly 2 weeks ago, penetrated 3,200 miles west of. Pearl Harboi into the heart of Japan's mandated Caroline islands for attack. It carried the war to a basi. Japan, long has considered impregnable, 2,100 miles east o Manila and 940 miles west of lh nearest American base at newly- conquered Knajaleiii. Carrier approach task lorces normall, within 100 miles and F. R.'Laughs, Still Withholds Intimation of Political Intent Washington, (/P)--P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt got a good laugh out of 4th term questions at a press-radio conference Friday but still withheld any Intimation of his po- i litiral intentions. "The vice president says you'll be re-elected in 1944," a reporter remarked. "Do you think he's a very good prophet?" The chief executive retorted: "At it again." "He's not so sure himself, Mr. President," a n o t h e r newsman chipped in. "Keep on going, it's all right," Mr. Roosevelt replltd. "It's good for a laugh any time." Some one wanted to know who was at it again, and the dent said, "you fellows." often much closer before launching their planes. Their targets Truk lay on a group of 70 islands protected by ,1 great encircJ reef with a radius ol 30 miles, inside of which the whole Japanesi fleet could anchor. The photographs brought back by the 2 marine liberators tha flew 2,000 miles over enemy wa ters from a south Pacific bas showed huge ship concentration in the lagoon, one island almos literally covered with airfields heavy coastal guns on all 5 majo islands, and palatial living quar ters. It was believed the attacker already have blazed a trail o sinking ships, wrecked aircraf and devastated shore installation through Truk. The U. S. Pacific fleet has beei attempting io draw tho Japaiicsi, i f l e e t - into battle for a year or more and has massed the largest concentration of warships in history in the Pacific for a showdown battle, but the enemy has shown no lastc for battle since the series of engagements in the Solomons in 1942. HOLD STATE CONTEST Odcbolt. (O)~Forty contestants from 17 Iowa communities were scheduled to compete here Friday in the state high school speech prcsi- contest. The contestants arc win' ncrs of 4 district competitions. ARAWE OUTPOST--Pfc. William H. Phillips (left) of Crystal Springs, Miss . and Pvt Granutsos of Pittsburgh, Pa., watch for enemy action at an Arawe, New Britain. outpost.. REPORT BATTLE CONTINUING AT STRATEGIC ISLE Nipponese Broadcasts Says Jap Troops Fight "Mechanized U. S. Units" By UNITED PKt'SS Japan* reported Friday that jowerlul Amci'icun "mechanized units" as well as ah- forces had lUacketl Truk and that "fighting vith our troops is now going on," dccording to the United States oreign b r o a d c a s t intelligence icrvice. There was uo confirmation in official United States sources of he clear enemy implication trial \merican forces had landed on fruk, the Japanese "Pearl Harbor" of the Pacific. Neither army lor navy would comment. The United Press recorded an mperUil headquarters announcement broadcast from Tokyo which said Japanese "army and navy units" were engaged in fierce Ighting against the Americans in the Truk area. "Since Tuesday morning (Tokyo .imc) a powerful enemy task force was repeatedly carrying out 'jombing attacks upon Truk island," it said. "Intercepting this enemy force, the imperial army and navy units of the same area were engaged in fierce fighting." .London newspapers simultaneously quoted a Japanese com- munique as saying that Americans had landed on Truk under cover of a smashing assault by carrier-based planes. Doinci, the official Japanese news agency, in a broadcast recorded at 6:30 a. m., EWT., by the foreign broadcast intelligence service, also said: "This present attack by the enemy is not the real thinr, and it seems that it does not go bejrend the scope of a 'Strong- reconoaia- - sanee." Admiral Chester W. Nimilz' Pacific fleet headquarters had been silent on the Truk attack since 3:30 p. m.. CWT.. Thursday when a short communique announced that it was launched al dawn Wednesday. Domci, hinting that the Japanese fleet was not ready to take up the challenge carried to the heart of the Carolines, said that "the main force of our invincible navy is biding its time u n t i l the very end." In the face of the admission of unwillingness on the part of their navy lo act now against the American push toward Tokyo, the Japanese said that it "now is looking for the golden opportunity to destroy the enemy at one stroke." The London versions of the Japanese communique said that when the Americans attacked Truk. defending "troops" engaged them at once, and "ficrci iAnting: now is goins on between our forces and the enemy." Though London newspapers put banner headlines on the landing story, the only Tokyo communique on the Truk assault reported by American listening posts lold of continuing air attacks--now in their 2nd day--and fierce fighting. U. S. Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor revealed in a 39- word communique Thursday that "powerful naval tusk forces" had begun an attack oti Truk Wednesday dawn (Thursday, Tokyo time) with hundreds of planes participating, but lias released no further details. The London version of the Japanese communique said American landing attempts in the Truk group of 70 islands lias been "in progress since Thursday morning." "Japanese troops immediately engaged the enemy," the commu- nique was quoted. "Formations of carrier-based aimlancs belonging to the enemy task force repeatedly raided our positions on the Truk islands. Fierce fighting is now going; on between our forces and the enemy." The U. S. foreign broadcast intelligence service said that it recorded a Domci broadcast of what appeared to be a summary of the same communique at 3:40 a. m. EWT. The text was as follows: "Tokyo. Feb. IB--Imperial headquarters, in a communique issued at 4 i. m., revealed that a formation ot currier-based planes belonging to an enemy task force raided our positions on the Truk island since Thursday morning. The announcement added that fierce fighting is now going on between our forces and the enemy." A later Chxmgking broadcast recorded by government monitors quoted the Japanese radio that "tsrong motorized Japanese forces and Japanese troops arc involved in fierce and continuing action opposing American forces which landed on .Truk." British broadcasting corporation Monitors in London said they

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