The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 8, 1937 · Page 1
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March 8, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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E R . H I S MEM a A 0 £ P T or IO.M NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 00tt "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII KTVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, MARCH 8, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 3,31 "WildTalk ? ' About Court Partisans in . Statements Not Supported by Facts By CHARLES P. STEWART I T. A S H I N G T O N , ( C P A ) -- .Resentful o£ the charge t h a t P r e s i d e n t Boo s e v e 11 is trying to "pack" t h e U n i t e d States supreme court to any greater extent than it repeatedly has been "packed" before him, Senator James P. Pope ol Idaho, a strong supporter of the Roosevelt program, asserted, in a recent broadcast: "Harding, Coolidge and Hoover 'packed' the court with judges the majority of whom are set upon destroying new deal legislation." This utterance, among many others, just goes to show how carelessly disputants on both sides of the supreme court argument are expressing themselves. They do not look up their facts, evidently. Who They Were. President Harding made two appointments to the federal supreme bench--rthose of Justices George Sutherland and Pierce Butler. ' President Coolidge made one--that of Justice Harlan F. Stone. President Hoover made two-those of Justices Owen J. Roberts and Benjamin Cardozo. Some caviller may say that Hoover made three appointments, including that of Judge John J. Parker, of one of the lower federal courts, for promotion to Washington. Since t h e j senate refused to confirm him, however, he hardly counts, never having taken the higher office. Two Liberals Named. It is unlikely that any informed person will deny that Justices Sutherland and Butler are ultraconservative. Senator Pope was on safe ground so far as they are con- ;cerhed.? V - ; ·. ~'Bijtf.J^gJlcjg jjtgjje. andjdardozo? Vs^ustice; .Stone gen"erally"is"rec6g- "iuzed"as' r h'aving" been almost "a consistent new dealer. True, he was'against NRA, but so was the entire court, including its most advanced liberal (maybe radical), Justice Louis. D. Brandeis. Surely Stone can't class as a reactionary. ·Cardozo rates as nearly or quite as advanced as Brandeis--more so than Stone. Roberts In Between. Roberts is not a radical, but neither is he a reactionary--about 50-50. What Parker might have been like no one knows; he is immaterial. Such isn't much of a case o£ conservative "packing," as described by Senator Pope, even if conservative presidents did make the appointments. The senator evidently spoke . hap-hazardly. Justices Stone and Cardozo at least have a right to resent his comment. Maybe also Justice Roberts. Tlies* Arc Tuzy.Ics. Appointees to the s u p r e m e bench do not always turn out as they are expected to, anyway. For example, who would have thought that the conservative President Coolidge would have named the liberal (as he subsequently proved to be) Justice Stone to the job? Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes not only is semi-liberal; in his early days he was quite a reform crusader. Yet he was nominated to the bench by two presidents, both of whom were deemed anything but progressive --Taft and Hoover. And Cardozo 1 .'--as the conservative Hoover's selection! Sutherland, on the opposite hand, v had liberal backing---and has been a reactionary par excellence. Conservative Type. President Tatt assuredly was ot the conservative complexion, and Justice Willis Van Dcvanter, one nf his selections, has run true to form. But Woodrow Wilson picked a queer couple: Justice Brandeis, a liberal of liberals. And Justice .Tanies C. McReynolds. a conservative of conservatives. . A Cardozo! How he must shock Hoover! A McHeynoIds! How he must scandalize Ihe comparatively liberal Wilson, if, today, from the hereafter, he can watch current developments! Messenger Boys and Officials to Negotiate D E S MOINES, OP)--Kansas City, Mo., officials o£ the. Western Union Telegraph company, were expected to meet with messenger boys here Monday night to discuss wage increases demanded by them. Picket lines formed by striking Western Union boys at Ihe main office here were aban- dpncd Sunday when company officials promised f u r t h e r wage negotiations. · - i GALL CHRYSLER PLANTS STRIKE U. A. W. 1 ACTS AS FIRM TURNS DOWN DEMANDS Settle Strike That Closed 4 Chevrolet Plants at Flint. LABOR AT A GLANCE. By The Associated Press. DETROIT -- Strike called in Chrysler plants after company refuses to recognize U. A. W. A. as sole bargaining agency for employes. FLINT--Strike in four Chevrolet plants settled. W A S H1 NGTON--American Federation of Labor and committee for industrial organization draw battle lines for unionization drives. AKRON, Ohio--Representatives of the Firestone Tire and Bubber company, and the United Rubber Workers of America strike for settlement of dispute involving' 10,000 workers: NEWARK, N. J.--C. I. O. organizer says union wilt seek contract with Crucible Steel company employing 7,000. CHICAGO--Cab strikers form union; dispute in fourth day. STRIKES ANNOUNCED IN MAJOR CHRYSLER UNITS D E T R O I T , (fP) -- Richard T. Frankensteen, organizational director of the United Automobile Workers of America, announced Monday afternoon that strikes had been called in all major units of the Chrysler Corp., in Detroit. Many of the strikers remained In the plants, but there were no reports that barricades had. been erected. _ _ The. announcement 'climaxed a day' 'of rapid? fire " developments' which included 'strikes' in the Chevrolet Motor company plant at Flint, later settled, and the Hudson Motor Car company, and the Packard Motor Car company, in Detroit, and the refusal of Chrysler corporation officials to recognize the U. A. W. A. as sole collective bargaining agency in its plants. Affected by the Chrysler strike were the Plymouth, DeSoto, Dodge and Chrysler plants. · The main Chrysler plant in Highland Park, scene of negotiations between the union and the coropration, still was operating at 2:10 p. m., but a company official said he understood a strike was to become effective there soon SETTLEMENT OF FLINT STRIKE IS ANNOUNCED FLINT, Mich., (yp -- Robert Travis, United Automobile Workers organizer, announced Monday afternoon tlie settlement of a strike t h a t closed four plants of the Chevrolet Motor company. He said the men would return to work at 3:30 p. m., pending the completion of negotiations with company officials. Travis said the company had agreed to reinstate one union em- ploye who had been discharged. That, he said, was the only grievance settled thus far in conferences which began at 10 a. m. He said the conference would continue u n l i l other points arc settled. Company officials, lie said, had refused to agree on any basis of negotiations u n t i l the men returned to work. The strike, called a n hour after work started Monday morning, was in plant No. 4. Three other departments were shut down subsequently. C. T. O. AND A. F. OF L. GIRD FOR BIG BATTLE By (lie Associated Press Opposing forces in the battle for control of organized labor gathered in Washington Monday to intensify unionization campaigns. Their deliberations presaged a widening in the bitter rift between the American Federation of labor and the committee for Industrial Organization. Enrollment of some 1,250,000 workers of the far f l u n g textile industry under the C. I. O. banner was regarded the next goal of John L. Lewis' group, whose leaders claim approximately 2,000,000 members in several industries. Seek More Support. Elsewhere in the capital President William Green ot the A. F. ot L. and 50 seasoned organizers mapped plans for enlisting the support of workers in the agricultural, gasoline station, aluminum, cereal and cement industries, and fighting the C. I. O. all along the line. Officials of the United Textile Workers, who claim approximately 75.000 members, considered the possibility of the sit down strike as a wsapon in an impending drive in southern cotton mills and in the woolen and worsted industry. Lewis and his aides were expected to study Tuesday the textile cam" Senate Votes Greater Income Tax Deductions LOOK INSIDE FOR- Action in Tournament. Cage Teams Point for Slate Championships ON PAGE 9 Flood Waters Fill New Lake; Gates Are Open ON PAGE 8 Clay Works Attorneys Seeking Fees in Court ON PAGE 16 Local Man on Liner . . i n Accident at Sea _^ : ^._ : ; JDN/P.AGE a';'·'_;-,·'-. -^: : ; Byers in Comment on LaGuardia's Remarks PAGE 4, COL. 2 VOTE LIGHT IN LOCAL ELECTION Four Candidates in Race. For Three Positions on School Board.. A light vole was being cast In Mason City's a n n u a l school election Monday, at which lime three directors are lo be chosen for Ihrec year terms. Four candidates arc r u n n i n g for the three positions, R. E. Wiley and R. E. Roberlson seeking reelection and Dr. R. F. Kunz and Howard L. Knesel as new candidates. The vote was particularly light in the morning at the four voting precincts. It was expected that the volume of voting would swell to some degree in the afternoon. The polls, which will close at 7 o'clock Monday evening, are situated as follows: First ward, school a d m i n i s t r a - tion building. Second ward, courthouse. Third ward, Lapiner's garage, Delaware avenue and Second street southeast. Fourth Ward. Cacly's veterinary office, 114 First street southwest. Clerk Grapples With B a n d i t , Frustrates Attempt at Holdup D F, S MOINES, (/P)--James Bruno, cleric in the Al Levidi Loan company, here frustrated a holdup allempt Monday by grappling with a bandit. He suffered powder burns on his arm, however, as he wrested away the robber's revolver. The robber escaped when his own gun jammed, as Bruno fired after him. pnisn and projected unionization of all workers in the oil industry. Victories Claimed. C, I. O. leaders claimed several victories over the week-end, including: 1. The defection of the Aluminum Workers union's largest unit, at the New Kinsington, Pa., plant o£ the Aluminum company of America, from the A. F. O. L. ranks. 2. Recognition of a C. I. O. affiliate .as bargaining agency for its members employed at the Braeburn Alloy Steel company. Pittsburgh, ending a strike of 3K) workers. 3. The Westinghousc Electric Manufacturing company's recognition of a C. I. O. affiliate as the bargaining agency for the union's members. RUNYON TAKEN TO GARNER TO MAKE HIS PLEA Killer Suspect's Movements Shrouded in Secrecy; Fear Delivery. Thomas Runyon, held since Thursday in Cerro Gordo county j a i l for the slaying of James Zros- tlik, was taken to Garner Monday afternoon where he was arraigned on the first degree murder charge. Officers kept movements of his transfer to Garner shrouded in secrecy. Because there is a prevalent belief by officials t h a t the gangland pals oE Runyon are mobilizing to free the 31 year old painter from Bethel, Minn., little could be learned from official sources of Runyon's whereabouts unlil late Monday atternoon. Meanwhile, a decision 'from the state supreme court was awarded on the state's petition for a review of a habeas corpus w r i t which ordered Runyon's return to Sioux City where he was previously held as a bank robbery suspect. A temporary stay order was granted Saturday night by three high court justices atter 'a hearing in Des Moines. The writ was handed down at Sioux City Friday by Judge F. H. Rice. Charges "Third Degree." The habeas corpus hearing (to decide whether Runyon is being held legally) was asked by Carlos Gpltz of Sioux City, Runyon's attorney. Goltz claimed^ officers bae"ritited -Huiiyon'tfom 'jail^tp jail, subjected him to "third "degree" questioning and coerced him into waiving a preliminary hearing on the murder charge after denying him right of attorney. Runyon, arrested at Wichita, Kans., by Slate Agent Paul Gruber, was first returned to Council Bluffs, then taken to Sioux City, then to Garner, Hancock county seat, and then to Mason City. Danger nf Gang Raiil. Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, in seeking a review of Judge Rice's order, contended that Hancock county authorities have jurisdiction of Runyon since he is charged with murder in that county. He also told the justices there is "danger that mobster pals ot Runyon would attempt to shoot his way to freedom or to murder him so he wouldn'l talk anymore" it he were taken to Sioux City. Zrostlik was shot and killed by three highwaymen in November, 1935, as he drove his w i f e and baby to early mass at Duncan. The state is seeking Claire Gibson and Robert Marcjuard, suspected of being the other two of the trio of gunmen. Waterloo Man Dies on Dubuque Street DUBUQUE, f.T)--Richard Mullen, 75, of Waterloo dropped dead on the street here Monday noon. He came to Dubuque last week lo attend the f u n e r a l of his brother- in-law, Sam Casey. Dice Machine Taken. ANITA, (#)--Art Beaver reported to police a dice machine filled with nickels was taken from his cafe here. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Fair Monday night and Tuesday; collier Monday night and continued cold Tuesday. MINNESOTA: Fair Monday niprlit and Tuesday; colder Monday niffht; rising lempcratiirc in northwest porlion Tuesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazelle w e a t h e r figures for 24 hour period e n d i n g at ti o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday -11 Minimum in Niehl 25 At 8 A. M. Monday 3Z Figures for :!·! hour period ending at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum Saturday 39 Minimum in Night 27 At 8 A. M. Sunday 3Z The principal mark of the weather Saturday night and Sunday was the heavy fog which made driving a difficult and somewhat dangerous activity. Monday's weather was chilly but not cold, with clouds obscuring the sun before noon. V*' Frisco Bay Region Has Earthquake SAN FRANCISCO, (^--Residents oC the San Francisco bay region were shaken from sleep by an earthquake at 2:32 a. m. Monday which knocked articles from shelves in east bay cities. Police at Albany and the sheriff's office in Martinez said the movement there was the sharpest they had felt since the 1006 San Francisco disaster. The quake started an Albany burglar alarm ringing. Hercules Logan, night deputy in the sheriff's office at Martinez, reported the quake shook the granite building "like it was nothing." He heard o£ no damage, however. Thousands Awakened, Thousands were awakened by the shock which the coast guard station at Fort Funston described as "sharp." Telephones in newspaper offices rang almost continuously for an hour after the quake. Bottles on liquor store shelves were shaken to the floor and broken in an Albany store. A crowd of men gathered in front waiting for the proprietor in hopes of helping dispose of the salvage. The shock was less severe in San Francisco, where the telephone company reported hundreds of calls by alarmed residents. Telephone exchanges were so badly swamped it sometimes took 15 minutes to get through a call. Close to Berkeley. An attendant in the office of Dr. Perry Byerly ot the University of California said the seismograph at Berkeley indicated the quake center was "within 20, probably .15 miles."; ' , , : . : . ; . . . . , .,,:··''... ' ' , severe "on the East? dicating it was caused by a slipping of what is known as the Hayward fault, he explained. The fault runs near Ihe town of Hayward, about 15 miles south of Berkeley and near ,al! of ths cities that reported the quake as strong. OFFICERS SEEK HIT-RUN DRIVER Body of Smith, 39, Taken From Nora Springs lo Nashua. NORA SPRINGS--As, nuthdri- ties Monday sought clews to the hit and run driver who struck and fatally injured Harold Smith, 3D, in the fog early Sunday, arrange- menls were made to hold the funeral at Nashua. Smith was the seventy-first person to lose his life in automobile accidents this year in Iowa. Smith and Milford "Shorty" Severson were returning from Rudd about 2 o'clock Sunday morning when they had to stop the car, driven by Smith, because of n flat tire. Both got out and Severson went around the car tn get nut a jack. "Couldn't See Smith." "When 1 was on the other side of the car," Severson said, "a car rirnve by at a terrific rate. When 1 returned. I couldn't find Smith. I started looking and f i n a l t y found him about .30 feet away, in an unconscious condition." Smith was rushed from the scene of the accident, three miles east of Nora Springs on the paving near the Walter Baughey corner, to a Mason City hospital. He died a few hours .later without having regained consciousness. He suffered a skull fracture and other injuries. Rites to Be Tuesday. For the pasl year, Smilh had resided in Nora Springs, serving as truck driver for the Standard Oil company. He came to Nora Springs from Nashua. He is survived by his wife and son, 5. Mr. Smith was a World war veteran, having served overseas. He was n member of the American Legion. The body was taken to Nashua, where · funeral services w i l l bo held Tuesday afternoon. Burial w i l l be made in Nashua. Mr. Smith was born May 30 1808. Accused of Reckless Driving After Crash DAVENPORT, OP)--Officers arrested John Alexander, 62, of Davenport, and charged him with reckless driving after the automobile he was driving crashed i n t o two parked cars. Alexander's w i f e and Mr. and Mrs. John Scan- Ion, other occupants of the car, were charged with intoxication, police said. LABOR LEADERS IN BATTLE FOR COURT CHANGES Hear Berry Claim Proposal Should Be Enacted to "Save America." W A S H I N G TON, (/P)--Labor leaders who fought /or President Roosevelt's re-election stepped out aggressively Monday in support of his court reorganization plan. About GOO men are here in a convention of Labor's Nonparlisan League to hear the plan lauded by some of its leading advocates and lo urge congressmen to uphold it. Senator LaFollelte (Prog.-Wis.) told the meeting that in the struggle over the program "The strength of popular government in America will once more be pitted against the organized force of reaction." George L. Berry, league president, declared the proposal should be enacted to "save America." Assistant Secretary of. Labor Edward F. McGrady declared! the supreme court had "nullified the will of the people." White House Conference. Al the while house, attaches arranged for a conference between the president and representatives of 16 farm organizations. The president has scheduled his second broadcast on the court, proposal for Tuesday night at 9:30 (Central Standard Time). ;- The high court ppssed another rOpinimvts.eEsion-fMoTiqlay-:'; without ruling'-on -one/major administration law-- the Wagner Relations Act--pending before it. It fnjled also to give a decision on the -Washington state law establishing m i n i m u m wages for women. Decisions on botli laws were dus deferred for at least two weeks. Halsted L. Ritter, former Florida federal judge convicted by the senate of charges of "bringing his court into scandal and disrepute" lost in the supreme court his attack on the validity of the senate impeachment proceedings in which he was convicted. Echoes of Controversy. Echoes of the controversy oven the court sounded in a capita! committee room where members of a senate subcommittee told farm leaders "there is grave doubt about constitutionality of proposed crop insurance legislation. "We mustn't mislead the f a r m - ers about w h a t this bill w i l l do," said Senator McGill (D-Kan.) "We should take into consideration whether the supreme court will declare this bill and all others like it unconstitutional." The LaFollette civil liberties committee drew from an official of the Burns Detective agency a statement that his firm thrived on labor troubles "just like a doctor porftis from .sickness." Davenport Man Is Killed in Accident TULSA. Okl.r, f.-T)--A man identified by police as W i l l i a m li. Lisk, 44, a c h a u f f e u r of Davenpart, Iowa, was killed Monday under several h u n d r e d pounds ot baled paper t h a t fell on him in a boxcar during switching operations. Police officers said Lisk had crawled into the car to sleep. The body was taken to a funeral home pending word from relatives. Burn up those rent receipts or they will burn you up. Now is the time lo buy. Rent prices are climbing. Don't delay buying that home now and gaining the independence you dreamed of. Read those "snap up" bargains listed in Classification 26. For instance-- FOR SALE--Mod. 5 rm. bungalow, good sized rms., fireplace. Ph. 1809W. .lust call Ihe Arl T a k e r nt Iowa Woman Beaten With Hammer Dies NEVADA, (P)--Her skull bat- lered by repealed hammer blows, Mrs. Leda Kallenhcuser, 27, died in a sanitarium here early Monday. Her husband, Ed Kallenheuser, 38, committed suicide at their Maxwell farm home Sunday by slashing his throat with a razor after he pounded her on the head with a mechanic's hammer. Mrs. Ktillcnheuset* was rushed lo Ihe sanilarium here, while the body oC her husband was taken to a funeral home at Maxwell. Story county Coroner Guy Mills of McCallsburg, who investigated the case, said no inquest would be held. Mr. and Mrs. Jack Viers, neighbors, drove into the farmstead and saw the farmer standing over his w i f e who was lying in the driveway. Climlis Into Car. Kaltenhcitser climbed into the car before Viors could drive nway and look the car keys, the neighbors said. Mr. Vicrs quoted the fanner ns saying "I killed my wife, but you ain't going lo leave and tell anybody." But Mrs. Vicrs opened the car door and fled on foot to another neighbor's home. Kallenhcuser lore Vicrs 1 jacket as he attempted lo get out of his automobile. . "1 waited for a chance and then I wriggled loose and ran for the neighbors," Viers said. Story county Sheriff C. V. McGriff reported Kallenheuser apparently went back lo his home after Viers left. He left bloody fingerprints on his shotgun which ·had~iio -shells -in -it;- -tin said: , - ' · · · - . · · . ' . · . Gets His Kazor. Then Kallcnlicuscr got his razor, went onl lo where his wife was sprawled, laid down beside her and slashed his throat, the sheriff said. The farmer was dead when officers arrived, Sheriff McGriff said. The sheriff said the farmer and his wife apparently were ready to leave home because their car was backed out of the garage. Mrs. Kaltcnheuser's torn coat sleeve was found in Ilic ynrd about 25 yards from where she and the body of her husband were found. The. hammer h a n d l e was broken, the sherin said. FLOODS IN IOWA EASED BY COLD Weatherman Reports Lower Temperatures to Hold Through Tuesday. DES MOINES, f/Pj -- Iowa'.-; flood s i t u a t i o n cased Monday as cold wealher moved into the state from (he northwest. Temperatures dropped to below freezing in northwest Iowa, and light snow was reported nt Ks- t h e r v i l l e and Spirit Lake. The: w e a t h e r bureau said the cold would continue through Tuesday, checking runoff waters into swollen rivers and creeks. The Des Moines river remained out of its banks from below DCS Moines to below Eldon, but the waters were slowly receding. Above DCS Moines the river continued lo rise, but Ihc weathe bureau said there was no. immediate danger of the waters reaching a serious flood stage. Clinked by Ice. The Wapsie river near Toronto remained choked by an ice gorge and Clinton county o f f i c i a l s said the only practical way of breaking the jam would be by bombing from the air. Fifteen families were forced lo evacuate t h e i r f a r m homt; whe;i the water surgcrl oxer the lowlands. The Iowa river at Iowa City ro- cedcd. Mifilnvay I f i l n o r t h of 'low? City, however, .still was blocked ;ix the waters spread over the pavement. Highway fi west of Iowa City nlso was u n d e r water. Lowlands I n u n d a t e d . Wapclto reported t h a t all lowlands in that vicinity were i n u n dated by the overflow from the Iowa river. A gradual recession however, started Monday. The south Skunk river near Oskaloosa went on a rampage Sunday pouring over the lowlands and washing out a small bridge east of Glendale. Secondary roads in .southwest Iowa were almost impassable bc- rausG of sticky mud, but freezing temperatures were expected to L-P.»- lieve the t r a n s p o r t a t i o n situation PRIMARY VOTE REFORM PASSED BY IOWA HOUSE Tax Bill Would Allow Heads of Families $20 Instead $12 as Now. DES MOINES, (/I 1 )--The Iowa senate passed 38 to 7, and sent lo the house Monday a bill to increase slightly the deductions jranted under the state income .ax law. The senate passed the bill a f t e r striking out major provisions oC .he original bill, which would uve provided a fat- more drastic series of culs in present income ax rates. In plaue of the exemptions Scu- iUor Harold Irwin (D) of DeWilt jroposed, the bill as passed by ihe senate would increase the "deductions" granted under the present law from ?G to S10 for single persons and, from ?12 to ?20 for leads of families. Sponsored by Gillette. The change was sponsored by Senator Lester G i l l e t t e . (D) nf. Fostorla, Before the f i n a l vote, in which Gillette's amendment carried, 30 to 17, the senate heard Luverne Clark, slate income tax- division head, state the Irwin bill would cut Iowa personal income tax reccipls $1,832,000 a n n u a l l y whereas the cut under the Gif- lelle proposal would be oiily $5)07,000 annually. The effect of the Gillette proposal would be to exempt Irom income lax payment single per- sop.sl.wi.th $l,0po:,oi: tess,yinfl mar-' : ried 'persoris-with" incomes 6Jt .$,!;-' 500 or less instead of the $6(10 ;md $1,101) exemptions under the present law. The Irwin b i l l would fiave placed (he exemptions at $1,000 and ¥1,800. When the tax is computed, single persons, under the Gillette proposal, may derlucl $10 from their total tax, instead of $G. Heads of families would deduct $20 instead of $2 for each dependent. The change would not become effective u n t i l next year Half Federal Rale. Senator Edward Breen (D) of Fort Dodge, suggested »t one point in debate that Imvnns be required to pay just h a l f the federal income tux rate up to :i Sfl.OlKi ceiling, but later said he diet not. i n t e n d to sponsor such a change. Under the change favored by Ihe somite, ;i single man w i t h n $3,000 income, f o r example, would he required In pay Srjfi lax instead nf $r'l ;is at present. A married man with a 5.1,000 income and no dependents, would be required to pay §40 instead of 548. The Irwin bill as originally introduced would have set the tax for a single man in the same bracket nt S30 and for a married man a t $H. A Hood of b i l l s was introducer! in the u p p e r chamber. Mondav wns tin- last ctay for f i l i n g ituti'- v i c l u a l h i l l s in the senate. Drive. Out Politicians. A b i l l .its sponsors snirl would "drive politicians" a n d - "politic.-!! blocs" out nf c o n t r o l of Iowa primary elections, was passed by the house nf representatives Monday. A f t e r a brief but torrid session between wets and dry,,-, representatives from boundary counties and tlio.se from interior Iowa, t h e house voted til to 30 to l.ible a bill to reduce )i(|uoi- permit fees from SI to 25 cents. Border town lawmakers, particularly llio.se from the Mississippi river section, pic-lured a steady trek of Iowa liquor buyers into Illinois to avoid the permit fee, while their opponents not only derided the proposed reduction as "inimical to temperance" but. sought lo increase- the fee in 52 before the bill was k i l l e d . Would Km! Ileciuircmenl. The election reform proposal would e l i m i n a t e t h e c u r r e n t re- q u i r e m e n t t h n t p r i m a r y candidates receive a 3,i por cent, majority vote to win n o m i n a t i o n s . II passed the house by a volo of 55 to 36 a f t e r s u r v i v i n g the charge that it "struck at the vcry Jie;irt of the primary law." llnw- cver n motion to prevent reconsideration struct; a snag on a s t a n d i n g vote. The primary election bill in the house, sponsored by Representatives Henry I.. Davis (R) of Win- tersel, and Representative C. C. Good (R) of Ogclen, was considerably revised by way of amend- m e n t by Representative L. I,. Moore (R) of Bedford. Moore's changes provided for a d v e r t i s i n g of the names nf w r i t e - i n candidates lo "acquaint

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