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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF K I S T O K Y A N D A R C H I ' / C o "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUU, LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, JANUARY 4, 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 74 ROLL NAZIS BACK ACROSS CAUCASUS Congress Faces Job of Pushing On to Victory WILL PROBABLY MAP PLANS IN FORMING PEACE GOP Says Division of Parties to Disappear on Issues of War By ALEX U. SINGLETON WASHINGTON, W 5 )-- The crucible cÂ£ global war held for the incoming 78th congress Monday on? ol history's toughest Assignments--the job oÂ£ testing the nation's stamina as it fuses the ingredients of manpower, money anc material for victory and evcntua: peace. * * * From its work will be shaped the way of life on the home front; from its appropriations will be forged the weapons of war for the American fightin; farces; Â· from its deliberations may come the pattern for a last- ins peace. . * * * The 78th congress convene: Wednesday. Not for a decade ha the membership of the house am senate been so evenly divided, ye leaders of both the democratic ma jority and the resurgent republi can minority has declared tha division would disappear on wa issues. But the election 7 bom realign ment and the determination of th republicans to give congress great er initiative in writing legislatio may prove to have a far-reachin .^effect on matters affecting the ci vilian population. Â· - Â· - : It appeared certain to be re fleeted in drives for economies, attempts U:: curb the powers ac quired by federal departments an bureaus, in moves to restoro grea* cr control to state and local gov ernment. . * * * Overshadowing ether problems will be that of supplying the fighting forces and of furnishing weapons of war to other united nations. For that purpose congress already has appropriated $220.000,000,300. much of i still unspent. President Roosevelt is expected to ask for an other $100,000,000,000. * * * And, as the drain on the normal supply of men and material increases, so, too, will tile need tor tighter controls. It may result in changes in the price control act and possibly in .a national manpower service act. Mounting costs of war mean more and more taxes. Out of the difficult task of trying to make ends meet have come a variety ol suggestions for new levies, ranging- from a national lottery to a sales tax; Meanwhile, strong sentiment has developed in the house ways and means committee tor puttin^ tax collections on a pay-as-you-go basis. Behind the scenes already has begun the preliminary skirmishing in a controversy of world importance--that of deciding what this nation's foreign policy will be after the war. It may assume ma- por importance next June when the administration seeks renewal Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY: Continued cold Monday afternoon, M o n d a y night and Tuesday forenoon. Lowest temperature Tuesday morning in Mason City -10. IOWA: Continued cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon, except colder east centra! and extreme northeast p o r t i o n s Monday night. MINNESOTA -- Continued cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon, except slightly colder extreme cast portion Monday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Sunday 20 Minimum Sunday night -10 At 8 a. m- -10 Precip. .03 inch Snow Hi inches YEAR AGO: Maximum -5 Minimum -27 The figures for Sunday: Maximum Saturday 23 Minimum Sunday morning 19 At 8 a. m. Sunday 19 Precip. ,06 inch Snow 1 inch Delivering the Goods to Britain 8 DESTROYERS ARE ATTACKED BY YANKEE PT'S Torpedo Boats Hit One Japanese Vessel and Possibly 2 Others WASHINGTON, (Jl) -- Eight Japanese destroyers were discovered off the northwestern end ot Guadalcanal Island lust Saturday, the navy reported Monday, and were attacked by motor torpedo boats which definitely scored a hit on one vessel and three possible hits OH two more. Communique No. 23D: Red Blows Well Timed Against Nazis By LOUIS F. KEEMLE United Press War Analyst The Russians, by a series of well-planned offensives at k c y points along an 1,100-mile- front ~Â» from northwest of Moscow in t li c Caucasus, arc forcing Hitler's armies into a n extremely awkward a n d dangerous mili- f 1 ~^^B4f tary position. T h e. impressive feature of the Russian offensive is t h e timing o f t h e blows and the spread between the points of attack, which has prevented the Germans from concentrating fully on any one of several threatened sectors. The drive northwest of Moscow, South Pacific: (All dates arc ] carrying the Russians past Vclikic KF.EMLE A convoy, loaded with war goods for American and British use in British Isles, zig-zags as it nears England. This photo was made from a British coastal command' plane. standard 40 hour ready has been of its reciprocal trade agreements with 25 countries. * * * Service legislation probably .will occupy a considerable share "of congressional time. Bills h*ve v " have been introduced to continue soldier's pay for a year after war's end. to match dollar-for-dollar the money he saves from his service pay, to set up a public works program to give him employment upon his return to civilian life. * * * Elimination of the poll tax payments as a voting requirement-subject of a bitter controversy last year--again will be sought, over the objections of southern democrats, some of whom have maintained that any attempt to press the issue would be remembered in the next presidential elections. A tentative draft of a bill calling for sweeping revision of labor legislation 'and elimination of the work week nl- prcpared. and probably w i l l 1 touch off one of the stormiest controversies of the session. Here are some of the issues which will confront the new congress: 1. Nev.' taxes, possibly adoption of a pay-as-you-go . collection plan. 2. Economies in non-military governmental spending. 3. Plans for postwar reconstruction and employment. 4. Extension of reciprocal trade agreements. 5. Revision of present laboi statutes. G. "Streamlining" of congressional machinery. 7. Renewal of the administration's lend-lease authority. 8. Probably the biggest budge in history. 9. Extension of social security. 10. Revision of rationing. 11. Possibly a national servici act. ' ' Â· 12. Elimination of the poll lax a a voting prerequisite. 13. Revival of the anti-lyne issue. 14. Consideration of enforce savings. 15. Restriction on the power o wernment bureaus to make thci own interpretations of laws. laims Management in Cedar iapids Airport "Careless"-.,; Fire Chief Conducts Probe of Blaze Which Destroyed 29 Planes VEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 0 -7 Fire Breaks Out in Kansas City Rooming House; 2 Persons Die KANSAS CITY, (if -- Two o ten persons trapped by fire Mon day as they slept on the sccon floor of a rooming house wci burned to death. Four others escaped by j u m p ing from windows; two were car ried down ladders by firemen an three fled down a fire escape a flames licked at thorn. Mrs. Effie Morris, 60. w; found by firemen burned ' death in her bed. William Noel, 45, died at a hos pital a short time after he ha jumped from a second floor \vh dow. Six others, including a fire man, were injured. Origin of tl fire was undetermined. OWA GRIPPED N GOLD WAVE Continued Severe Weather Predicted DES MOINES, W--An extreme old wave held Iowa in an icy rip Monday with temperatures in he northern half of thÂ« state well elow zero and many roads cx- remcly hazardous from n sheet f ice. The weather man forecast even older weather for most of Iowa londay night and Tuesday. * Â· Â¥ Â· * Temperatures dropped steadily ver the weekend and rain which ell in some areas Saturday night nd Sunday quickly formed an cy cover on highways, sidewalks nd trees. The state highway commission said roads were icy all over the state except in the extreme southeast. Curves and hills have been sanded. Roads east and south of. Ollumwn arc about normal. Spirit Lake reported the state's ow temperature of 13 degrees be- ow zero. Three inches of snow fell there Sunday night. It was 10 below at Mason City and !) below at Spencer. Other ,o\v readings were Fort Dodge -6, harles City -5. Sioux City -3, Ames -1. The low at DCS Moincs was 3 above. Â·Â¥ Â·Â£ % Fort Dodge recorded .10 of an inch of precipitation during the last 21 hours, and lesser amounts fell in other places. The weather bureau forecast temperatures as low as 10 below at Mason City Monday night as FIRE DESTROYS MSBWIME- Bing Removes $2,000 From Salvaged Shoe CEDAR RAPIDS, W) -- Fire Chief E. P. Kohout Monday accused the management cf the Cedar Rapids airport with carelessness in flash fire planes and connection with the which destroyed 2E a machine shop and gutted the hangar Saturday afternoon. The loss was estimated by Leo Damge, business manager of the airport, at $160,000. Kohout said an airport fire extinguisher was brought in to Hie central fire station to be refilled Dec. 29 but never had been called for. * * * "The extinguisher was of the foam type that is particularly val uable in combatting quick-spreading fires involving highly infl mable materials," inflam the chief said cast longitude). "1. Cm Jan. 2: "(A) United States motor torpedo boats attacked eight Japanese destroyers in isolated engagements in the vicinity of the northwestern end of Guadalcanal Island. The attacks re- suited in one torpedo hit.on one of the destroyers and three possible hits on two others. "(B) Enemy aircraft bombed bur PT boats and inflicted slight damage." This apparently was the latest Japanese attempt to supply their troops on Guadalcanal since they dropped about 30 parachute cargoes on the beach at Tassafaronga Dec. 27. The parachute supplies were bombed. and strafed by American army planes. Whether the torpedo boats succeeded in turning back the Japanese attack was not stated by the navy. but. it was noted that only one torpedo hit oh "one vessel was reported as certain, ft would have been possible for the others to continue their high-speed run into the northwestern tip of Guadalcanal, possibly nround La- REDSANNOUNCE FURTHER GAINS ON OTHER LINES Russian Armies Show Extent of Power and Nazis' Miscalculation By JAMES M. LONG Associated Press War Editor The new R u s s i a n offensive which smashed the Germans back from Mozdok and the Grozny oil fields was reported unchecked Monday, rolling the nazis steadily back across the Caucasus, while the red army announced further gains in the Kalmyck steppe, the middle Don and on the north cenÂ» trai front 70 miles from the Latvian border. Thus with an enlarging offensive which set the Germans back at both ends of a battlefield more than 1,000 miles long and kept them on tlie defensive alone Us entire length, Premier Stalin's armies showed their reserve power and the extent of Adolf Hitler's miscalculation. On !he north African front British tanks raided axis positions n o r t h w e s t of Medjez-El- Bab. French forces slabbed closer to the Tunis-Tripoli highway and pushed deeper into Libya from the south, nnd allied air power came out winner again by a heavy margin in the battle for the skies. Battlcfront dispatches and the Moscow communiques gave this account of the long eastern front: CAUCASUS -- The Russians -Iji another operation they have | pressed northwest and west on joined forces in a drive from the the heels of German troops retreating from Mozdok and Mai- ;obek, recapturing "several more Luki toward the Latvian border, apparently is diversion;)!. It has pinned down forces which Hitler might have diverted ,to meet the real danger in the south. It is there that the Russians really mean business. Their object is to cut off the entire German army in the Caucasus and annihilate it. * * * To accomplish this, they are driving from three directions-southwards t o w a r d s Rostov across the Donets below Millerovo: westward from the region of Elista, and northwestward from Mozdok along the railroad leading to Rostov. HOLLYWOOD, (fP) -- Charred framework und a mass of blackened debris were all that remained Monday of Crooner Bing Crosby's 20-room colonial mansion and his valuable collection of musical recordings, golf awards and hcrsc- racing trophies. Â·j * * The residence, a rambling two-story film colony .sliow- placc situated on a four-acre landscaped estate fronting suburban Toluca lake, was euttcd Sunday niclil by ^irc, believed to liavc started from a short-circuit while Mrs. Crosby, formerly Actress Dixie Lee. and their four sons were dismantling Christmas tree decorations. north and south in front of Stalingrad, cutting off an estimated 150,00 to 200,000 axis forces which are in a desperate supply., situation and in danger ot being wiped out. If tlie Russians crash through to vero Pass Coughlan harbor, the cold wave extends over entire state. the RAF ATTACKS RUHR DISTRICT Nazis Say Residential Districts Damaged LONDON, (U.R--The Royal Air Force attacked the industrial Ruhr in western Germany during the night in the first big raid on the reich in 1943. The air ministry announced thai three planes were lost, indicating that a moderately small force, pos- "Usually such an extinguisher can be filled and checked in 15 or 20 minutes." He said he saw no extinguishers of that type at the fire Saturday. Efforts of the fire department in battling the flames were handicapped also by the lack oC water at the airport. Later Dan Hunter, owner of the buildings, equipment and most of the destroyed planes, issued a statement saying that airport extinguishers, incRfding two or three foam devices, \vcrc used during the fire. Â·Â¥ * Â·Â¥ "We- have been criticized for neglecting the planes until it was late,'' he said, "but if it were to happen again this afternoon, I would still see to it that the boys in the machine shop were safe before I touched a plane. Our first duty is to protect our men." Five planes already have been purchased and are cnroute to "edar Rapids for use in the training program here, he reported. All elementary classes are to be continued, in addition to one secondary class and the instructors' oursc. One cross country class will be Battalion Chief Joseph C. Koc- der of the Los Angeles f i r e department tentatively placed the loss at $250,000. Mrs. Crosby and the children ran safely from the dwelling to a neighbor's homo. sibly not more than planes, participated. 60 or 70 (The Berlin radio asserted that British bombers caused damage to a residential section of a Ruhr town with explosives and incendiaries. Civilian casualties were Crosby, who had a golfing late Sunday with Dancer dale Fred Astairo. ru.shecl home from Bel-Air Counlry club when notified of tlic fire. He walked over to a pile of his clothing and selected a black and white sports shoe. Reaching into it he extracted 52,000 in currency and grinned rclievcdly. All his lOfl or so suits were saved by brothers Larry and Bob, of them were for smoke and and get out again without bavin, to undergo further attack. * * * Such a dashing execution of their supply mission would have been possible particularly if the destroyers came in at night or in bad weather. Possibly they were operating with weather protection which gave their oim aircraft occasional openings for b o m b i u E tlic American PT boats. * * if It could have been n night tic- lion however particularly if those destroyers were of the same group discovered earlier Saturday in the vicinity of Shortland I island. The number of those ships was not given. They were bombed by flying fortresses but no hits were observed. Three hours and a half later, a group of destroyers which may have been the same group turned up in the vicinity of Rendovcr island in the New Georgia group. which suggested the possibility they were moving in the direction of Guadalcanal. At that lime those destroyers were protected Rostov, the German army in the ] Grozny, was populated places."' The Moscow war bulletin sakV-"thc Â·enemy,, is -j. suffering heavy losses." Mozclok. 00 miles northwest of Caucasus would be deprived of supply and reinforcements. It is not lob Into for hasty withdrawal from the Caucasus, but Hitler is reported to be bringing in heavy reinforcements in an effort to hold on. Unless Hitler is to abandon his gains in the western Caucasus and the Donets basin and withdraw to shorter and more compact lines toward t h e Dnieper, it is becoming appar- \ cut that he will have to draw on his dwindling strategic reserves to stem the Russian tide. To do so would be extremely dangerous because of the threat to his European stronghold from Africa and from Britain into western Europe. Once Hitler's reserves arc used up. it will be impossible to replace them. The Russians have kept him too busy to withdraw nny troops to bolster Germany's dwindling manpower by working in factories. Between them, Russia and the British-American allies thus have Hitler :\ bad predicament. He scarcely can afford to sacrifice major trophy o[ the axis drive toward the oil fields last August. Kalmyck steppe and lower Don--the red army thrust deeper into iiazi positions on a fan-shaped front from the Don, across the Stalingrad-Tikhoretsk railway into the Kolmyck B ivastelands. "Breaking the enemy's resistance, soviet troops are penetrat-. ing the German defenses," a com- munique said of this sector. It reported several more communities liberated from the invaders and .sakl heavy losses were inflicted on two German elite guard regiments which attempted a counterattack. MIDDLE DON -- ''Our troops "continued their offensive and occupied n number of populated places." the communique announced. "A soviet guards unit in a sudden attack broke an enemy fortified line and occupied three populated places . . . " NORTHWEST OF MOSCOW-The Russians thrust westward beyond recaptured Velikie Luki, long an anchor of the nazi line, and reached Novosokolniki. , 70 miles from the Latvian border. * SHOOT DOWN 28 ENEMY by enemy fighters although many somewhat worse water. I another appeared to be sinking. Fireman's "Nose for Fires" Results in Arrest for Arson . . . . . . . Â· r* Â· - *JtÂ».\j\jÂ» **vr Â» * .^ ,io ij,^r..iÂ» i i f, l .-^''- h ,!'ZÂ°f L'!Â°" . !tl ..? u , s f. 1 " = . 01 ;. 1 " ! PLANES IN TUNISIA WAR ing allied air might American and British down 28 enemy aircraft and dam- 1 aged 34 others over the weekend. Most of the loll was taken by American bomber and tighter planes in a Saturday raid into Ihe blaze of anti-aircraft fire and fighter defenses the axis has concentrated at Tunis. The only casualty was Timiny.l BLOOMINGDALE, N. J., (U.R)~ ttio Crosby children's pet cocker spunicl, which suffocated. Larry said loss to the house and furnishings was fully covered by insurance. Safe--because it wasn't there yet--is the original manuscript of the song. "Dixie." written in Civil war days by the late Dan Emmett. George Browne. Paramount studio publicity director, said he acquired the manuscript transferred to Iowa City and !hei as a Sift for Crosby, but had not other two to Lc Mars. Commcntina on the fact that there have been three fires at !he airport in the last 10 years, Kohout said: "The record out there has been one of carelessness. They have never been fire minded." A S31.WO, fire in June. 1940, destroyed nine planes at the airport. * * * Kohout also expressed displeasure at the fact that welding was proceeeding in the machine shop in the presence of seven planes and a quantity of an inflammable fabric coating solution. reported and several planes were 1 Sta said to have been shot down.) 'can Buy War Savings Bonds and mps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. yet given it to the singer. Spangler Will Go to Headquarters of GOP CEDAR RAPIDS. UP;--Republican National Chairman Harrison E. Spangler said he planned to leave Monday night for Washington for several weeks* work in the GOP national headquarters. He expressed belief the congress "undoubtedly will note of what the people are think- take ing." "The last congress readied a realization of the situation aftci the ballots in the Nov. 3 election were counted," he commented. Fireman Thomas E. Anderson's lose for fires has resulted in his arrest on a charge of arson. Anderson used to baffle his fellow fire-fighters on the Bloomingdale i-olunleer fire company, because lie got to the firchouse before alarms \yere turned in. and thus Sot to drive the truck. He was arrested Sunday night after a suspicious fire broken out in a summer pavilion on Oakwood lake, causing $500 damage. State police said his footprints matched those of the arsonist. MOVE ON LAST JAPS IN POCKET Allied Troops Wipe Out Force Around Buna A L L I E D HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, yp--Surround- ed and facing annihilation, the only Japanese forces remaining on the Papuan peninsula of New Guinea were confined Monday in a narrow pocket on Sananancln point by American and Australian troops who wiped out the last vestiges of enemy resistance around Buna over the \vcckcnd. "The enemy's position is now hopeless," declared a communique lowan Is Killed in Tractor-Trailer Crash AURORA. 111.. -- Reginald LcRoy Everlc. 32. of Mechnnics- villc, Iowa, died Sunday after lie was thrown from a large tractor- trailer,and crushed beneath the trailer; eight miles west of here. He was driving the loaded vehicle on U. S. Route 30 when the tractor skidded, causing the tractor and trailer to swing together. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobe-Gatettc carrier boy. from General MacArthur's headquarters, adding t h a t allied irp for the kill. Tersely the b u l l e t i n announced that the allies liad "completed the destruction of the enemy's defeated forces" in the Buna area -- a statement which a headquarters spokesman amplified by declaring that 650 Japanese had been slain in mopping up operations following the capture of Buna mission. 2 PLANES INTERLOCK SALT LAKE CITY, (ff)-- T \v o P-395 attempting ' to land on the same runway at the army air base interlocked and crashed Sunday. No one was injured. The flying fortresses accounted for 17 of the swarm of German and Italian planes which tried in vain to save Tunis harbor and waterfront from another battering. Twin-tailed Lockheed lightning fighters got luo more. Not one of the fortresses was lost, although perhaps 32 look pnrt in the Tunis attack. Altogether, allied losses were seven planes, two ot them Ameri^ can. The allied planes attacked b'ousse and tbc hard-hit rail line between Soussc nnd Sfax. and intercepted an axis air attack on the Algerian port of Bone. A Cairo communique said Tut n i s was attacked again Saturday I night, without loss of a plane. "Sunday.** t h e communique stated, "there was nothing to report from our land forces.'' TART OF ROMMEL'S FORCES DIGGING I.V These last were reported in contact with the enemy west oÂ£ the Wadi Dei El Chcbir. There were indications that part of. Marshal Rommel's forces was digging in for another attempted stand, this time near the Wadi Zcm-Zem, 20 miles west ot Wadi Bei El Chebir and 160 miles frorc Tripoli.