Page 9 article text (OCR)
kf I E B I T O R I A L S -There's o Great and Growing Need for .War! Nurses Â·QNE-flSTB) FIGHTING MAN* ]UHS. FRANCES P. B O L T ON, *** member of congress from Cleveland, has dedicated the past several months ol her busy We to a study of the war rflirsing problem. It wouldn't be too much to Bay that at this time she is probably better informed on that subject than any other person In the country not , actually enrolled in the nursing program. It is her belief that if the qualified nurses of the country not now doing their part in the war effort could know the full extent of the. need for additional nurses at the front, there would be no shortage. To gain firsthand information along this line, she spent 2 months in the European war theater last fall. Her 'path and the writer's crossed more than once during that mission. She has the distinction of having been the first American civilian to go into Paris following its liberation last August. Interviewed on a national radio hookup in connection with the convening of congress last week, Mrs. Bolton opposed the idea of drafting nurses on any other basis than as a part of a national service program. Such a course, she felt, would be an affront to the very integrity of the nursing profession -- an insult to the patriotism of nurses. IN a letter addressed to nurses 1 * not in- service, Mrs. Bolton -i wrote: ' / Â· ' . "On my return from England 1 and France, I found that the army / had made a nationwide plea for i 10,000 more nurses at once to care for our wounded . . . and only a few hundred responded. I cannot tell you what that did to me, fresh from the front. I simply could not believe it. I could not accept the implication. I cannot refuse the challenge it gives me, for I know how desperate is the need of the man who is wounded for the care only a nurse can give. I have seen it and I know." . Then she proceeded to recount, with a high degree of realism, some of the things she had seen. Her story pointed to a tragic . shortage of nurses, destined to become ' more pronounced as the tempo of the war increases ^ . '. fighting boys needlessly g i v i n g their l i v e s for lack of nursing T OUR men need you," was her plea to those qualified to perform nursing service in the war. "You have the training. You have Did You Know? By The Raskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE-- Btaden tnlltnl thenuelrrs of ibij lerrlce /or questions Â·I fael--n.t eoniuel--*henld tirn their fall *Mm* ao4 adareu u4 letleit 3 e Â« o t Â« for retaro potaf*. Addrnt GlÂ«be-GÂ»i(Ue Infarmatlu B s r t a o . Washington. D. C. Hay the mother of a soldier pply for a family allowance ram her son? While the soldier himself should apply for the family allowance if practicable, a dependent may apply. Application should be made n]y on the official form ( VVD AGO Form No. 625), which may be obtained from local chapters of the American Red Cross, or the Office of Dependency Benefits, War Department, Newark 2, N. J. What are the duties of airborne enclncers? They are to perform engineer- ng missions in the rear of the enemy lines--destroy key bridges and road centers, or else seize and hold them. They carry light equipment to fill in shell holes md make repairs where our roops need to use damaged en- any installations. They do very Look Out Below An exchange editor insists that most men regard their wives as they did their mothers when they were boys: Someone to forget when having a good time but to fly to when in trouble. Â» Â· * Certain of our big business leaders need to be reminded that while the election is over, the war isn't. Â» * * Now aren't we all glad they didn't decide to tie a can to Gen. Patton? the capacity. "Don't you want the joy of watching these miracles of modern surgery rejoin torn muscles, set shattered bones, rebuild what Â·was once a face? : Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·. - Â·Â·Â·Â· Â·-.- "Don't you want.to play your part in the miracle with something of the same courage and fortitude and faith of your men? "Don't you want to store up something ot the same memories of the moment when your presence, your skill, your understanding, saved a man's very soul? "Don't you want to live with every fiber of your being, in a time when the great experience of living is of deeper importance than ever before on this earth? "Are you going to be satisfied when you look back on life if you put aside now the greatest opportunity for service ever given by a nation to its young women? "I cannot believe that you are, once you understand ... "Ten thousand nurses are needed by the army and 4,000 hy the navy. Will you be one of them?" POR army or navy service, those * qualified and interested are Instructed to apply to the nearest recruiting office of the American Red Cross, or to the surgeon general of the army or navy, Wash- Â· ington, D. C. Those who for one reason or another might prefer to give the benefit of their professional training to the growing ranks of disabled fighting men in the hospitals under the administration of the Veterans Administration are instructed to apply to the Medical Director, veterans Administration, Washington (25), D. C. Jobs for G. I. Joe JLtUCH'has been said, and rightly, "1 about the necessity of having plenty of Jobs for returning servicemen. But it is most refreshing to have an important American industry making ready to beckon f to veterans who need jobs. This has been done by the American Hotel association, which declares that hotels are the 7th largest industry in this country. The directors of this association are seasoned planners. If it were not so, they would not be at the top jjl their line. Looking ahead, they see plenty of room for former employes who may desire to return to the positions they left when going to war, and they are not expected to fill the entire requirements of the post-war hotels. Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. BSEAST CANCEK T ONCE asked a very wise old * surgeon who was also one of the best pathologists in the country-"How many women's breasts have been removed by surgeons under the diagnosis of cancer, when the condition was benign and the operation was not necessary?"--and he answered--"The astronomers have not yet counted enough stars to equal that figure." This was a long time ago and surgeons have certainly improved since then and become more conservative. But the point Is that while a lump in the breast is always serious and demands an examination it is not necessarily cancer and does not necessarily call for surgery. George Crile,; Jr.; of Cleveland, recorded his findings in 200 consecutive patients who came to him with the complaint of. a lump in the breast and he found only a little more than a quarter of them (69 to be exact) to be cancer. These, let us emphasize, were not selected cases--just the first 200 that came along, with no attempt on his part to establish a record or make a point. The condition which resembles cancer of the breast most nearly and th'e occurrence of which scares so many women un-necessarily is called crystic disease. It is a chronic inflammation, in which either the entire breast is lumpy or theije may be a single discrete lump consisting of a single cyst. Most of the women with this condition are between 30 and 50 years of age, so it is regarded as an involutional change, occurring after the period when child bearing is normally over and the normal function of the breast has ceased to exist Incidentally these cysts give p a i n and are tender more frequently t h a n cancer. H lumps in the breast are many and if they are painful they are more likely to be cystic than cancer. Of course the watchword of the cancer control campaign is to gel the condition early and remove it So what is a woman with a lump in her breast to do? Obviously she can't make so important a decision by herself. She can't say-"Well, here is this lump, but I am only 45 years old, in the involutions! period and there is tenderness, so I guess it is cystic," anc let it go. But what I am trying to teach her is that she mustn't say "Oh! I know if I go to a doctor he will say this is cancer and wan to do an operation, and Td rather sit here and die than go through that suffering." In other words I am echoing the famous words o my predecessor, Dr. M u n y o n --"There is hope." ?ros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges Public Opinion ' Waterloo Courier: Although an uninformed public opinion demanding unwise military ' action ould cause a major disaster, il annot be said that the majority f civilian comment, in the light t developments, has in this war een either unfair or uninformed. Qualified commentators in news- apers and on the air have aided in molding opinion along con- tructive lines and dispatches r o m American correspondents broad have brought home to the uWic the difficulties which face oinmanders in the field. If eivil- ans back home are sometimes in- lined to have too optimistic an at- itude toward the war, the fault lies with the military itself for ensoring unfavorable news. Vo Job for "George" Estherville News: T h e censors ave been passing more pictures f fallen Yanks during recent veeks. They are not pretty bits f photographic art but they may eturn to earth some of those who lave shunned work in essential industry, who scoff at war bone ippeals and are content to le ! George" do the work, the fighting and the dying. tealism Required Sioux City Journal; Numerous members of congress insist the; will have .a lot to say in criticism of our allies in the immediate "uture. Which will be more dan- jerous nagging at a most critical time. Too bad they can't be as realistic as they think they are patriotic. Probably single fact the that most imporjan the doctor will its public relations t h e association h a s Through committee, worked out a detailed plan which invites veterans, whether somewhat disabled or not, to examine the possibilities. These include executive positions offering advancement. During the war experience, the habits of people in this country have been changing. Probably the hotel proprietors expect their business will become even more important as the years pass. Anyway, they are interested in G. J. Joe. have to go on in making his diagnosis is the patient's age. Seventy-five per cent of women with cancer of the breast are over 5( years of age, 37 per cent are over 60 and 13 per cent are over 70 All beyond the age of involution you see. But also remember tha 20 per cent of cancers of the breast occur in women in the 40's or younger. The next most important sign of cancer is dimpling or fixiation of the skin over the lump. Cysts generally are not attached to the skin. Enlargement of the lymph nodes (kernels) in the armpit i also important in diagnosis, al though we all wish women woul( come for diagnosis before that oc curs. Retraction of the nipple oc curs in benign and cancerous con ditions in about equal number. If the decision is at all in doub a small part of the lump can b excised under local anaestheti and submitted to a pathologist fo microscopic examination. T h i does not jeopardize the ultimat I outcome of the operation if an op 'oration is necessary. ittle construction. What countries allow persons of 18 years of age to vote? OBSERVING Veterans' Benefits know that everyone will . back the government effort to make adequate provisions for service persons returning from this war. The veterans of World war II will not be forgotten men and women if the increasingly numerous federal provisions for aid and assistance work out as planned. Some of these rights are automatically theirs; others they must ask for. As they exist today they include: 1. Financial benefits such as mustering-out pay, unemployment benefits, disability compensation. 2. Educational aid including vocational training for disabled veterans. One to 4 years of schooling with tuifion and living costs paid. 3. Business loans either for home buying, farm financing or investment in business. 4. Hospitalization and medical care, free for those with service- connected disabilities. 5. Job opportunities including the right to a prewar job, use of the government's employment service, definite performances in federal government civil service jobs. Persons of 18 years of age vote These aids are in no sense sifts co. Georgia is the only state in he United States where voting is permitted under the age of 21. What Is the correct pronunciation of Mexico's new Parlcutln? It is pronounced paree-eoo-teen with a broad a as in Paris. How will the flooded areas to the Netherlands bÂ« drained? The water is drained flooded lands by pumping canals. It is then necessary ,, wait for rainfall to wash the salt out of the soil. Agricultural experts estimate that it _ from 3 to 5 years for this. In the meantime, no crops grown. For what purpose Is the silk from black widow spiders used? It is used in bombsights v and optical instruments for .high altitude flying because it stands extremes of temperature than any other known material. What is the length of the new Llma-Pucallpa highway? This extraordinary new highway, which links Peru with the Atlantic ocean, consists of 522 miles of. motor road. Are there any countries in the world .which .have than the United States? Only Russia, the British Empire, and Brazil. fit themselves back into the coun- economic and social fabric the least friction possible. try's with ______ ,,,. Where they prove unworkable or inadequate congress can be depended on to revise and update them. Mustering-out pay varies from $100 to $300, depending on the length and place of service. Not more than $100 is given out in one month. Also those getting more than $300 a month service Pay are not eligible. Nor are those discharged on their own request or those whose service has not extended beyond an educational training program eligible. "Readjustment" or unemployment compensation of $20 a week can be had by most veterans for a period of 52 weeks within a two- year period after discharge. Three months of service allow 24 weeks read j ustnnen t allowance, w i t h each additional month in service providing for four more weeks' payment up to the maximum of 52. These benefits can only be had if one is out of a job or earning less than the allowance, and registered with the United States Employment Service. Disability compensation runs from $11.50 a month to $115 depending on the degree of disability, There are special allowances for particular situations which can reach $265 a month. These allow' training in another field at government expense. Training allowances vary from $92 a month if single- to $103.50 if married, with opportunity of from one to four $5.75 more a month for each child. The government pays tuition, for books and supplies whether training is taken in a college, trade school, business school, or industrial institution. The government's general education program provides for the years of schooling with tuition and living costs paid. Besides paying tuition up to $500 a year, plus buying books and needed equipment, a veteran with no dependents gets $50 a month, one with one dependent $75. This educational assistance is in addition to any disability compensation one may be getting. Schooling must be taken up within 2 years of discharge, however. --V-^ Farm Accident* know it has been stated before but it bears repeating that more farm persons were killed by accidents in America's first 2 years of participation in the war than the number of fighting men killed in the war itself, according to the National Safety Council. --V-Information, Ptease! the site of the The Day's Bouquet To C. A. CLAYTON O. KNUTSON AND HART, COUNTY AND MASON CITY CHAIRMEN OF 6TH WAR LOAN CAMPAIGN --for heading up a successful drive, that put this community once again over the top, in E's as well as other bonds. These chairmen would be the first to acknowledge that they w e r e supported by loyal corps of workers in all walks of life. Mason City Globe-Gazette AD A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO 1^5? I s "* slate StÂ«Â«t Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EAHr, HAU, . . tbnailni Editor ENOCH A. NOKEM . . . City Edit" Tuesday. Jan. 9, 1945 Entered as ceeond-claa matter April IT. 1935. at the postoHlce at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of RIarch 3, 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. Tho Associated Press 15 exclusively entitled to the use for republlcatlon of *u new* dispatches credited to It or not othenvlu credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Maion Ciiy and Clear Lake by year, fit Mason City and Clear Lake by week, tOf Oatilsa log Mile Zone--Per year $106 monthj S5.50; 3 months $3; 1 month $1. OaUldi Milan Clly and Clear Lakt and Wlthla 1*0 Mllti ot Haion Cltr and Ont- tiÂ«Â» Â«t th. Carriir District* Â« Ha*Â«'' City anl Cltar Lake Per year by carrier $10.00 Per week by carrier jo Per year by mall t 7.00 By mail 6 month* $3.75 in formulating and any kind of peace. Our Mail Bag "Â·LEAR LAKE--While we were engaged in the first world war President Wilson publicly an nounced our. nation's peace aim e. that we would take the leac n organizing an effective international police organization which would operate to i prevent future vorld wars by stopping any ag jressor nation at the outset. Thi statesmanlike peace plan had n congressional opposition w h i l he war was on, hence, .our allie lad good reason to accept the plan as the fixed purpose of our nation. But, after victory was won, a sufficient isolationist minority, not majority of the U. 3. senate proceeded to repudiate this proclaimed purpose to our nation and committed the unprecedented act of refusing to even join our recent allies ' maintaining The eventual result of tills pusif- animous congressional action was :he later creation of uazi-Ger- many and her almost successful attempt to conquer the civilized world. The disastrous consequences of :his unprecedented act of AmerP can isolationism were two-fold: 1st. It proclaimed to the world that no utterance of an American president relative to foreign affairs could be accepted in good faith unless it was concurrently approved by a two-thirds senate majority. 2nd. That our own nation could not be relied upon to perform its duty in performing the scarcely less important duties arising from the Â· successful conclusion of a victorious war. When to all this is added the ominous fact that reanimated congressional isolationism is now actively engaged in attacking the motives of our invaluable allies-this time before the war is won-can it be wondered at that our allies have begun to seek to safeguard their future through the annexation or political control of such vitally important territory as will serve to give them military security against any repetition of what they are now undergoing? Self protection is the supreme law of all nations including our own. As long as we permit congressional isolationist opportunism to prevent our carrying out our nation's moral obligations and again make ourselves guilty of leaving our victorious allies to "hold the sack" we will effectively deprive ourselves of any valid argument to denounce them for attempting to safeguard their future. It is Infinitely cheaper to set up adequate police protection whether it be local, state, national or international than to again undergo the horrors we are now experiencing. The most obdurate congressional isolationist should see this, or be made to see it. Yours truly, H. C. -ANDERSON. 201 East Main Street. orbonuses to the men who gave months or years of their life to the defense of their coun- ances are paid 'regardless of one's try. Nor are they a form of a char- other income or earning ability. ity. They are rather an attempt, service-connected quite inadequate in most cases, United States capital? that interfered with one's custo- to help 12,000,000 American youths ^jtm^^jjj HASTEN/THE VAMKEE'S^-'^ * AMMUNITION CANNOT H!XO OUT R2ZEVE1? THEN,THEY HERE--B-BUT SAVE ONE BULLET t-THIS Tl/VVE THEY WONY TO TORTUKE ME/ 3 TO O? I NEVER Â· HEARD 01= A BASKETBALL SCORE LIKE THAT OL SLOW KDRIN'.BUTIN TOE LAS'QUARTER AH MANAGED TO KICK A PIELD PLUMB INTO THET THAR BASKETS IN ADVANCE. 1 1 KKTUNDEPSTAND! IF WLLJUST LOOK OYERHEREAOUIL WHEN YOOR TOUNGSTERS HELPED ME CATCH THAT FELLOW/WEY flMO ALL IFI KNOW HOW MUCH YOUR/ MY FEET E ISJ-CAN'GRADUALLY- 7 WHY, THAT MT-THAK 'OLD SLY! HElf TOLD MEOF HIM.' ns THE two Of SIR OAKV/ I CAM'T L-IOOK/ ANO^DU VNCV1MYRULE.*- N3 OFFICE R.Â«TATIONS Â·you KNOW, OAD-WHEM I WENT INTO THE ARM/VOU HOPED IT'D MAKE WHAT WAS SHE TFVMG S TO DO? INTSRFEBE WITH I I'M Nor A- R3AIDOF VOU ANV MORE DO YOU MEAN YOU ENSLAVED OUR CAPTIVES FROM DRATDK5 GM1S TO BUILD THE SPACE SHIPS'. ENSLAVED? NO.BRICK.' THEY ARE WILLING WORKERS, I ASSURE YOU YOU 6EE, I PROMISED THOSE WHO WOULD AID ME FREEDOM A SAFE RETURN TO THEIR NKTNE LAND AND NOW.TttKVTHEIR WORK 15 DOKE. I WILL FULFILL 'HAT PROMISE NEVE OLD FPIEltOS, REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO The 1/mg Strike as presented years ago by Hon. John Cliggitt, D. W. Telford, "Skid" Ogden, George Percey Smith. Charley McNider and others is fresh in the memory of the older theatre goers, and everybody is anxious to see its reproduction. Whether it Â£s which has been received by those who have been operating niekle in the slot machines or the chief of police or Officer Lock or some other being is still a matter of discussion about the city relative to the sudden disappearance of these instruments from various counters. It is said by the officers that the machines will remain under the counter, till Billy Sunday gets away at least. Already "Billy" is having effect either for better or worse. THIRTY YEARS AGO A barrel of soup is to be dispensed every day for the benefit of the poor as an innovation which will be started tomorrow by the Sott meat market. The soup is to be made fresh every day and given to school children of worthy families who bring their paUs to the market to get it. Adjutant Gen. Guy E. Logan ot Des Moines mustered in Company D, 56th Regiment, I. N. G., at the assembly room of the courthouse Tuesday night. Sufficient men were present to take the oath. In the election of commissioned officers the result was as follows: Captain, James M. Heffner; 1st Lt., H. W. Odie; 2nd. Lt., Clyde E Trevitt. TWENTY YEAHS AGO The treasury of the P. T. A. council is enriched by $350 from the sale of Christmas health seals last month. The total amount sold in Mason City was $756.79. The expense of the campaign was very small and the council received one half of the profits. Nineteen persons will endeavor to obtain their citizenship papers in the district court before Judge J. J. Clark Tuesday. Examiner Wilton Strickler will be here to conduct the examinations. TEN YEARS AGO Wreckage of the old police station was practically completed Tuesday with the clearing up of the premises. The building was torn down and all material salvaged in a little more than 2 days. .. . Workmen started laying brick at the new police station Monday. It is expected that the new station will be in readiness soon. George Harrer was elected president of the Y. M. C. A. at a meeting of the board of directors held Tuesday noon. He succeeds Carl Herikel, who is completing a three year term on the board, two of them as president. Furrowed Fancies By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center ASPEN IN V1NTKR How slim and white the aspen reach against the sky like strip-teasers in naked beauty standing by; to stretch their gleaming limbs, assuming lovely stance like white-fleshed posturing by ladies of the dance.