The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 9, 1945 · Page 1
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January 9, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 9, 1945
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T NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME - i £ P A f t j M E f i f OF T O R Y A N O M O I H t "THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOUU Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wira I five Cents · Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUABY 9. 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS This Papel Consist of Two S«:tions-S«tion One F ^^^^ . ^ ^ ^ . ' ---- . , tnu rapei t:onslsu of Two Scttions-Sedlon One NO 79 . R. PRESENTS 83 BILLION RUDGET Yanks Near Last Nazi Route Out of Salient Big Tank Bottle Rages at Samree; U. S. Troops Fight On in Blinding Blizzard Paris, (IP)-- Americans driving through a BLINDING BLIZZARD into the northern flank oE the Belgian bulge drove to a point Tuesday less than 3 miles from the St.* - - - - -- - · -- -- . Vith-Houffalize road, last lateral " *"*-- *J.vjviij.tLi.ii.t; j.uau r J.C1O1. lULdd-l _*_ supply and escape artery in the ItT salient. · A big- tank battle broke out for dug in a vehicles to on the r sion fought for complete control ' of another overrun road from St. Vith to I.aroche. Other troops were a bare mile from Laroche. Field Marshal von Rundstedt was reported to have shifted tanks and guns from the Bastogne area on the south to meet the'grave new threat to his last road on the north. Artillery c o n s t a n t l y harassed the foe in the wedge. Loss of the St. Vith-Houffalize road would for the first time seem to leave the Germans in precarious positions reports from the north flank said. _--T-}ie,.Americans were within 5,000 yards of the road at noon. For the 2nd time in 24 hours, the Germans Tuesday night were pulling back from the western tip of the salient as British troops advanced south of Marche. Roger D. Greene, AP correspondent north of the bulge, said "Events suggest that the next 12 to 24 hours may provide the turning point in the great battle." The battle was in drifts 4 to 5 feet high.and in heavy new'show- .-'falls; ;'· - ' · ; · · · · · "·;'. 7AU along the 30 mile', northern kypf ,,e;"Ajdei9nes saKent, the Three American and one of the British armies steadily were writing off the Ardennes wedge in the grim battle in zero weather. .The distance between the U. S. 1st and 9th army elements on the north and the II.'S. 3rd army on the south was less than 10 miles. Within that deadly gantlet, all raked by artillery, there was only a single good road for German retreat and that was hidden by the snow and ice and cratered by shells. The blizzard, comparable to those on the Russian front, slackened a bit Tuesday, but the snow still fell intermittently. To the south, Lt. Gen. Jacob L Devers' 6th army group blocked German probing for weak spots in Alsace and Lorraine. At least temporarily, the' U. S. 7th army counter-attacks were PLUGGING HOLES driven -by" the first fury of the German diversionary attacks on the Alsace plain. The immediate threat to the -French R h i n e city of Strasbourg lessened, too, although headquarters said Germans 16, miles or so to the ;Sputh."continu.ed. to be aggressive.' ' 5 r ^other?div'e^ion i/ in j 'Holland · and -fighting-, resolutely to -bar the .allies from -the : one remaining escape route from the bi}lge. This was the Houffalize-St Vith road, and the American 1st army was 5 miles or so from it and cratering it with artillery. On the southern flank of the virtually -winter - bound bulge, German- counter-attacks drove back Lt. Gen. George S. Pattern's 3rd army a mile-on a 3 mile front west of Bastogne. Field Marshal von Rundstedt appeared to be trying to blast open communications on the south to compensate for the»loss Monday ol the Laroche-St, Vith road. The Germans threw half a- dozen attacks against American and French troops in northeast France, including one powerful smash against the French 1st army south of Strasbourg. That drive .from Colmar, where Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler still was believed providing leadership and inspiration, was halted at Koss. feld and Herbsheim, 16 miles from the big Alsatian city on the Rhine. Despite the paralyzing storm and drifts which impeded equally the attack and -the German escape, the U. S. 2nd armored division struck heavily at Samree against mobile and dug in "German tanks. The 2nd is the "Hell on Wheels" division which won fame in north drive south of Marcourt, where Africa,- Sicily, Normandy and savage resistance was cncoun- across France. Its commander is ' - -"Old Gravel Voice,' Ernest N. Harmon. . Maj. Gen. into the afternoon. The issue still was at stake . « ^ s teamed .to 'Wipe but 'a" bridgehead across 'the Maas-.(Meuse) "north of VotVIrt . ·- \ - : : The · enemy pulled back 1,000 yards before the British 2nd army in the wild, desolate Ardennes country of wooded tracts and steep defiles 'southeast of Marche at the northwest tip of the Belgian salient, but a spokesman at Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters in the north said: "There is no. sign of a German withdrawal from the tip, however, and (Field Marshal) yon Rund- stedt may only be pulling bacfe It better prepared positions." -Gen. Eisenhowers communique named 5 towns captured in the shrinking bulge. These were Reg- ne, Sart, Verleumont and Marcourt -on the north and much- swapped Bonnerue on the south. Field dispatches listed others. It was evident that the Germans were at least thinning out their salient at the western tip of the bulge, even though there was no sign of a general retreat. There was evidence that the Germans were preparing a stand near St Vith, f miles from the German border. That Belgian road center of 2,459 was in artillery range from 'Wanne, 10 miles northwest- .warcl. The nearest approach to I-a- roche (pop.: 1,928) came in a tercd. Numerous enemy pockets remained to be cleared hi and around the town. LaRoche is pro- ,, _,. ....u**.,,^!!,, ni iruiiu »uc. luivn. ij;nvoc.ric is pro- The battle for .Samree broke tected by the steep banked Ourthe during the morning and raged on river east, American van- American^herman^ tanks, j h e^Salmchateau. SOVIET FORCES MAKE ADVANCE NEARKOMAROM Battle Rages Where Nazis Try to Reach Trapped Budapest Army . BULLETIN Moscow, (IP)--Bed army troops nave .halted the big German counter-attack northwest of Budapest and considerably slowed the attack beating in on the west of the Hungarian capital, front dispatches said Tuesday. Moscow, '(/?) -- Russian forces driving along the north bank ol the Danube approached within gun range Tuesday of Komarom while a costly battle raged south of the river where the Germans are trying to reach their encircled Budapest garrison. A 3-mile advance north of the Danube Monday carried Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's troops to a point less than 1 miles from Komarom, key communications center for the region northwest of Budapest. There the Russians stood less than 50 miles east of the Austrian border and 57 .southeast of Bratislava, Slovakian capital. Dispatches said German troops last reported only 15 miles northwest of Budapest were shifting the weight of their attack southward in .an apparent effort to cut through to the Hungarian capital from 'due ;· jirest;- The; Germans; were said, · to. -be / vising -'.'large" "· tank forces.-^ A - Russiai^^cinira.uiilque said red army forces disabled or destroyed 90 German tanks in that area in one day's fighting. (A Berlin broadcast Tuesday said Col. Gen. Heinz Gude'rian, German army chief of staff and nazi commander-in-chief on the eastern front, had visited the'fight- irig lines "at the western , approaches" to Budapest. The FCC recorded the broadcast). There was speculation here that Malinovsky might try to cross the Danube from the north and cut into the German left flank to relieve the pressure on Budapest. He is reported to~ be massing heavy strength east of Komarom. From that sector, however, Malinovsky is believed to have a good possibility of carrying his attack further along the direct -road to Vienna. The red army already has begun operating from at least one airfield in the newly captured territory east o£ Komarom. Stomoviks and 2 engined bombers were said to be Cying from there Tuesday against the Budapest-bound Germans below the Danube. Capture of 7 towns put Malinovsky's forces astride 2 roads leading westward and a railway leading along the north bank of the Danube. The Russians inside Budapest captured another 130 blocks. Germans Make Stand on Reno River Bank of Italian Campaign Rome, JP)--After withdrawing 5 miles from San Alberto in the past 2 days German forces have made a stand along the southern bank of the river Reno east o£ the Valli di Comacchio Jagoon, allied headquarters announced Tuesday. It was the first time in 4 days that Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's troops had shown any inclination to fight in that sector. Bitter winter weather and deep snowdrifts limited operations from coast to coast. In some areas below Bologna the snow fell to a depth of more than 12 inches. White clad reconnaissance parties } were active on skis and snowshoes. AMERICAN DRIVES GAIN IN BULGE-Arrows indicate «lSff 4 m «"» n troops are pressing against the German salient in Be gium and Luxembourg. Shaded area is that letaken by allies since German push ended. Nazis Report Greater Part of Royan Smashed by Allied Airplanes By The Associated Press The German communique Tuesday said the greater part of the bathing resort of Royan, at the mouth of the Gironde river, had been levelled by an allied bombing and that 1,000 Frenchmen, half the remaining population "fell victim" to the attack. About 21,000 German troops at last report were in the Gironde area barring access to-Bordeaux: port. Mercury Dips to 24 Below atDecorah Des Moines, W)--The mercui-y dropped to a new low mark tor he season in Iowa early Tuesday vhen it registered 24 degrees be- ow zero at Decorah. The previous ow of 23 below was set at the same city 10 days ago. The sub-zero weather hit all sections of the state but the veather bureau forecast rising emperatures Tuesday night and Wednesday, and said the mercury probably would not go under * above zero in the state Tuesday light. Occasional light snow also vas. forecast for Tuesday night ind Wednesday. ·Snow and rain fell throughout most of the state Monday and during the night. The state highway commission said all roads vere open, but some were slippery "·xiause of ice arid packed snow. Other below zero temperatures nclucled Mason City 10, Charles City ^ 3 ' , Washington" _12, 'Dubuque ° CASUALTY-- An American soldier, wounded" on Ley ho£ , f-m r fT- Later he W ill be tvansfen-ed to a land mrepnoto tiom U.-S. coast guard, Kayenay engraving) is Burlington a. Fol-t Dodge ^', M ,L t ^f SeVC Spencer and Ames 7, Des Moines 4 fiscal vear 114P wh Ottumwa 2 and Atlantic I. The year 194G vvh --,, reading in the slate Monday was 33 at Council Bluffs. Japs Say 2nd Invasion Convoy Is Near Luzon ---- . . »_ TOKYO REPORTS :,:. ·"""· VWUU iQ1 , B a.-tuos, uie country m-a call for thousands of-move y' r By LEONABD ',. Associated^ tress War -Editor A second American ^invasion convoy was reported to have joined the assault on Luzon island's Lingayen gulf Tuesday as Superforts and carrier : planes blasted Japan's Formosa-Ryukyu island reinforcement line to the Philippines. Other strong B-29 forces bombed Tokyo. Contradictory Japanese broadcasts reported successively that 15,000 Yank soldiers failed'in a landing attempt at.Lingayen, 110 miles north of Manila; that 70 bombarding U. S. warships turned and fled; that a "second enemy convoy" reached the Lingayen "combat zone" and its escorting warships joined the "first enemy convoy" resses. in shelling coastal fort- Tokyo said 150 transports were in the second convoyj more than double the size of the first. A third 150 ship convoy was reported on the way. Tokyo radio reported U, S. warships, which began bombarding Lingayen last Saturday, were slackening their fire, "evidently due-to the loss ot regular aircraft carriers." Earlier the Domei news a 0 ^..^ said U. S. warships steamed away Monday znorning with Japanese planes in hot pursuit. It said some warships were sighted in flames west of Manila. Japanese propagandists poured out their confusion of reports as Vice Adm. John S. McCain's first carrier forces combined with B-29's in a day-long raid on Formosa and three of the most important Ryukyu islands. It was their second strike within a week. These strikes were in strategic support of Gen; Douglas Mac Arthur's report operations on Luzon, shutting off Japanese air reinforcements which might replace' those destroyed in a two-day round-the- clock bombardment of Luzon by Wounded Can't Wait! ''The wounded cannot wait!" Basil O'Connor, chairman of the American Red Cross, stated Tuesday in an appeal that rang across, the country in/a call lor thousands of-move -- , _ -- - i"--".--·*»o '·-V* r*" cmn^iiuilieill,- u_ ,- -r -.-T--,---, -.,^^^!Gonn6r3^1area^l^jj4 : /tega--f s solute tha^ we mus.t-haye:iimnediate- recMment of^housands 'of THE b Rlb le CRofe W WW VOLUNTEER ARE ASSURED OF OFFICERS S^ATOS O Connors statement came on Ihe heels of President Roose- »»»-i i . t o r legislation to induct nurses into the armed forces. He appealed to all H«d Cross chapters to redouble their efforts to recruit nurses for the army. The chairman's statement, which was received here by T L Connor, chapter chairman, in a telegram from IT F. Keisker St Louis area manager, followed an urgent telegram sent out last week" to all Hea Cross chapters. In that wire he termed the situation extremely grave. J President Roosevelt has asked for legislation to induct 20,000 warships enroutc from the Marianas and New Guinea. ,,, b r o ail- 1 reported that U. S. invasion force "estimated to be approximately 1 division Japanese propaganda casts previously had rep U. S. sea-borne planes. and land-based An early morning Pacific fleet communique told of the new strike at Formosa, supply point for Nipponese armed forces in the Philippines, and major air fields in the Ryukyus, which link Formosa with Japan proper. Carrier pilots swept over Okinawa, Ishigaki Miyako Jima in the Hyukyus. Okinawa was raided in last week's two- day Formosa strike which her- jlded intensified Philippines. -activity in the Details were not available, indicating the strike was continuing. Superforts from China also hit Formosa while B-29's from Saipan bombed Tokyo. A Japanese imperial communique said GO Superforts came over the imperial capital in waves in mid-afternoon. A new flood of Tokyo broadcasts did not repeat previous stores of U. S. landing attempts In the Philippines, but told of American convoys of more than 210 transports and 20 carriers, plus- uncounted strong" had been dealt a "staggering blow" in "attempting to land" at Lingayen gulf, invasion gateway to Manila. The assault troops, Tokyo added, "are still unable to secure even a foothold there." Nevertheless Japanese propagandists were obviously worried as to where Gen. Douglas MacArthur's major blow would fall In the Luzon invasion which Tokyo ency radio has becn bslly-hooine for :way ne "'y » TMeek. Domei news agency said MacArthur was employing only "somu 70 or 80 landing barges" and 1 division at Lingayen gulf in contrast to the 4 divisions he used in the less difficult invasion of Leyte island Oct. 20. Domei indicated some concern about the destination of a convoy southwest of Luzon, reportedly carrying 3 American divisions. Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, Japanese conqueror of the Philippines, said the Yanks must land on Lingayen gulf _but probably would "attempt landings at various other places." In 48 hours of unchecked operations over Luzon, navy and marine planes from Vice Adm. John S. McCain's fast carrier force, and army Philippines-based bombers and fighters blasted airfields on either side of Manila, destroyed at least 140 planes, sent Nipponese shipping into the China sea, raised havoc with Japanese communications and established a blockade against potential air reinforcements from Formosa. Associated Press War Correspondent Rembert James reported from McCain's flagship that in 2 days carrier pilots could find only 41 enemy aircraft in the air. Nineteen of jhese were shot down,-74 more were destroyed on the ground and 86 others damaged. "The enemy clearly was evacuating all sizable shipping from the island's harbors/' James said. With hunting limited, carrier airmen sank 3 sizable ships and II small craft. Twenty-two others were damaged. boy. gage in no "intemperate" foreign policy debate that might jeopardize this government's position at the coming "Big Three' 1 conference. ALLOWS FOR 10 BILLION OP OR DOWN IN TOTAL President Refuses to Predict When War Will Stop Anywhere Washington; (/P)-^-P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt sent to congress Tues- day an 83 billion dollar budget that might swing more than 10 billion dollars up or down. -- ~«. enemies will totally defeated before we lay lown our arms." DECLARES NAZI LOSSES HEAVY Bradley: Foe's Ability to Prolong War Cut U. S. 12th Army Group Headquarters, (/P)~U. Gen. Omar N. Bradley said Tuesday thwarting of the German offensive in' the Ardennes may have reduced the enemy's ability to prolong the war. Bradley said at a press conference that the enemy move "may materially affect :the Germans' »blUty1p-resIit'':V- :-.: TM - . He-added- tht waraKig thatiihis did not.inean "we can assume 'the Germans are on the verge" of collapse" and he said fighting was ahead. that much EXPECT FOREIGN POLICY DEBATE Hope Argument Won't Jeopardize Big 3 Talk Washington, (U.PJ--Supporters of President Roosevelt's conduct of . « u » ,« U i ,, ar n u n as unu foreign affairs expressed hope Stamps from your Globe-Gazette Tuesday that the senate would en- carrier b'oy. He said the Germans had lost more prisoners since Dec. IB than the Americans, while their killed and wounded probably were many times the American killed and wounded. He described the American halting of the German penetration as "one of the greatest stories in the history of fighting men." He said that an attack had been expected in the Ardennes area, \vhere American forces previously had been weakened in order to enable the V. S. 1st and 3rd armies to strike. ^ He emohasizod that the shift of the 1st and 9th armies to the command of Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery was temporary and that these forces would be returned to Bradley's 12th army group when the salient was eliminated and direct communications re-established. Buy your War B o n d s and Weather Report FORECAST Congressional quarters expect Mason City: Partly cloudy with ie mectine to take ulncp abnnt risinp tfmnprnHit-o T I , n ? ,i ·* *, the meeting to lake place about the first of February with a subsequent conference of all united nations as the next step toward formation of an international peace organization. A full dress foreign policy debate, as the aftermath to Mr. Roosevelt's remarks on the subject in his message to congress last Saturday, is expected in the senate Wednesday. Speakers are expected to include Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg, (R.- Mich.), with an apparent official republican response to the message, Sen. Burton K. Wheeler, (D.- Mont.), bitter critic o£ administration foreign policy, and Chairman Tom Connally, (D.-Te.v.), of the senate foreign relations committee. The altitude of administration supporters was best summed up by Sen. Walter F. George, (D.- Ga.), former chairman of the foreign relations committee. "I think that any intemperate utterances al this time might be harmful," George said. "I believe we should let the conference of Mr. Roosevelt, with the British and Russian leaders take place and rely on the president to present the American viewpoint." / CRUSHED TO DEATH Ely, Minn., OJ.PJ--Joseph Peshel, 49, was crushed to death Monday night when the electric dump _ ,,,, truck he was operating at the Buy your Var B o n d s and Oliver mine went off the tressel '""" -- y° ur Globe-Gazette and plunged 35 feet down the side of an ore slock pile. rising temperature T u e s d a y night and Wednesday. Occasional light snow Tuesday night and early Wednesday. Lowest Tuesday night about 10 at Mason City. Iowa: Cloudy and slowly rising temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday. Occasional l i g h t snow northwest portion Tuesday night and north and east portions Wednesday. Minnesota: Occasional light snow war and slowly rising temperature becoming colder again northwest portion by late afternoon IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 16 above Minimum Mon. night 16 below At 8 a. m. Tuesday 16 below At 10 a. m. Tuesday 8 below At 2:30 p. m. Tuesday I above ' YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 16 2 . It all depends on the war-- and he president, refused to predict vhen the shooting will stop in Surope or anywhere else. reaches a climax of Mr. Roosevelt sent up his ^age for the hjch starts next In it, Jie estimated total gov- 'rnment spending at 83 billions. That would be the lowest in 3 YOURShoTeTn Public Debt to Go Above $2,000 Washington, {IP}--Your share of Ihe public debt is going above $2,000 in the next fiscal year. If you're interested in settling a--even if you do, you'll have to keep right on paying taxes--the exact figure is calculated at $2,118.12 on June 30, 1948. That will be an increase of $293.47 over the $1,824.65 per c a p i t a debt next June 30. That's on the basis of a census estimate of a population of 138,000,000 and budget estimates putting/the : debt at $251,800,000,000 p*Yyejir i la*«iv. ':·.'..,,_ ye-ars. It's .near!y;'l7 'billion'be'low the record spending of 100 billion m the fiscal year 1945 which is now half over. He based the 83-billion figure on a guess that'the war will require 70 billion dollars. The other 13 billions are for: 1. Ordinary government expenses. Those would be reduced from 53,502,000,000 to 53,266,000000, which he called "rock-bottom." 2. Three large items which are growing fast--benefits to veterans, interest on the public debt and refunds to taxpayers. Mr. Roosevelt said estimates tor 1948 war costs have ranged from less than GO billions to more than 30 billions--depending on various war possibilities. He hit upon 70 billions as a "tentative" figure, hut "the rate of actual spending must depend on developments on the battlefronts." War costs in the present fiscal year are about 89 billion dollars. N r o matter what happens--even if Germany fights on for another year and a half--war spending is expected to drop in fiscal 1916. This is because "initial equipment" for the army and navy is about complete, the huge w a r building program is nearly ended, and our long supply lines are filled with moving supplies. Budget Director Harold D. Smith put it this way: We are shifting from a "building up" to "maintenance" basis. Holding a news conference. Smith said of the budget and the war: "We are working on guesses --18 months ahead." Mr. Roosevelt, taking no chances \vitb war uncertainties, said he plans to ask congress for 87 billion dollars in appropriations, of which 73 billions will be for'lhe These appropriations, he said. u..« .?,uvj.7 iioing ii.mjcj aiuiu »ni^»^ aiJifiui*j jauuiJd, nc sain, Tuesday night and Wednesday, will make sure that the armed forces can make adequate plans to keep fighting all- over the world. If the war develops favorably, the left-over funds will be set aside and reported to congress. However, the president cautioned that there has been "overoptimistic speculation" abcut the possible cut in war spending when Germany is crushed. We would make a great mistake, he declared, if we under-estimated the task o£ whipping Japan. He sent up detailed requests for * * * * * * * * Chief Items of Budget-- mPn)v S E! n / I , { fi n f W ,r H r re f r e S0me of the chiet items in the government s budget for the fiscal year starting July 1, compared with estimates for this year and tmal figures for last year: Millions of Dollars War expenditures S70 000 Total expenditures 83J03 Net receipts 41,255 Public debt, start of year 251*800 Public debt, end of year 292,300 Debt increase during year .. '.. 40 500 Appropriations and authorizations 86,767 1945 $89,000 99,688 45,730 201,003 251,800 50,797 97,211 1914 $89,720 95,273 44,149 136,696 201,003 64,307 127,956 \

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