The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 18, 1939 · Page 1
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March 18, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Saturday, March 18, 1939
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oes NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME « A R T I O W A COUP I A VOL. XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1939 THIS PAPES CONSISTS OF TWO SECTION'S SECTION ONE NO. 137 BOOSTS LEVY ON NAZI IMPORTS EXPECT 2 BILLS Heavy Duties TO REGAIN HALF MILLION IN IOWA P. R. and Hull 111 After Hitler Robbery · WASHINGTON-- Hitler's latest robbery has left Constables Roosevelt and Hull slightly ill, diplomatic secret, Chamberlain and France's Dala- dier promised t h e president that if he would throw his support b e h i n d them as he did before and after Munich, the dictators would b e s t o p p e d . They did not m e r e l y lead him to believe Paul iaeu u ^ n questionable authority in a position to know · guarantees this information. American foreign policy has been following this assumption (French plane deal, etc.) but may :;ot continue, at least not .as enthusiastically. * * fr Stamp Scheme Doubted Privately many of Mr. Wallace's-bright young men do not ,--, "' ;blue and ..orange »_ That is why they aie trying it out only in six cities. It sounded good at first. The government has surplus food. People on relief need it. But the further you go into particulars from there, (he dizzier it becomes. Suppose there is a surplus in spinach. Not even Popeye could niake people, on relief take spinach for their orange stamps, according to authorities WPA who have tried around it. The FSCC ' has already been having trouble getting rid of dried beans, corn meal, raisins, grapefruit But this is not the greatest trouble anticipated. Suppose the reliefer wants a can of beer while the surplus that week is only in artichokes and he is allergic to artichokes. If his grocer does not wink at the law and give him what he wants, the reliefer could no doubt find a grocer who would. Pressure on grocers to cash these stamps in order to keep his trade will be strong. Policing the grocers might become a bigger job than policing the prohibition Jaxv. Most authorities do not expect the experiment to last long or become generally adopted. i sage of the not dead but tax bill. On Neutrality Issue Neutrality issue .'s is thoroughly buried. Two best authorities in congress say Mr. Roosevelt has decided not to open the subject by making any formal request for legislation, even repeal of existing law. He does not dare, .for fear congress France Voice Protests--Rumania Rejects Demands * * * / * * # # # #· ________ *^ L · ·_*. _M._^«_B . ,4_h BK ·· · _fc -W- -V - -- _ ' - --- House Passes Measures Putting Inmate Cost Burden on Counties DES MOINES, (/P)_ Two bills expected to recover a half-million dollars annually which the state has been spending for the care of feebleminded and epileptic persons passed the Iowa house Saturday. The bills place the institutions at Glenwood and Woodward on the same basis as the insane hospitals at Cherokee, Clarinda, Independence and Mount Pleasant. The stale has been bearing the entire cost of caring lor inmates at Glenwood and Woodward. Charged to Counties Cost of caring for patients at the insane hospitals is charged back to She counties, which, in turn, may collect from relatives of the inmates. At S180 a person for. a combined population of 3,200 last year, the Glenwood and Woodward institutions could have recovered S57S,- 000 from the counties from which the inmates came. Representative Harold B. Claypool (R), Williamsburg, who pil- loted the bills through Hie house, said the original .theory "must have been that Glenwood' and Woodward were schools," and that the state should bear the : cost of educating 4he inmates. - . Remain '.There Indefinitely As it has worked out, epileptics and 'feebleminded · persons committed to the two institutions as children remain indefinitely, because the insane hospitals are too crowded to assume the burden. The house deferred action on a bill to broaden the liability on the part of relatives of persons in state institution's to permit filing of an amendment defining the e.xtent to which care of persons would be a lien on a relative's property. Along with several legalizing acts, the house also passed a bill age pensioner, without jeopardizing the S100 which the state can pay. Iowa Independent Businessmen Plan March o: , . will provide him with restrictions he does not want. Far better be' it. from his standpoint, to let the D , cash and carry provision expire "AOOSter May 1, and ride along with the embargo feature until next session. Of course, he could slip word !o some administration senators to raise the issue on their own. but no one at the capitol thinks he will. DES MOINES, (JP)--W. F. Powers, executive secretary o£ the Independent Businessmen's association, said Saturday Towa independent merchants would make their second march on the legislatun Monday in an effort to urge pas- graduated chain store The independent merchants will be on hand when an attempt is made in the senate to get the tax bill to the calendar, Powers said. The merchants visited the legislature for a- similar purpose Feb 21. A different opinion exists in the state department, where hope for a change in the law still is held. 100- Hens Back Into Fire LAKE MILLS. Wis., «)-- Like the Judas goat of the stockyards, a rooster led a hundred hens to their death here. When the poultry house at Maurice Smith 1 place burning, the hens were driven But the rooster sprinted back. NAZI OFFICIALS WEIGH VIEWS OF 2 DEMOCRACIES Von Neurath Placed Over Bohemia and Slovakia by Hitler BERLIN, C/P)--Adolf Hitler put Germany's authority over her new Bohemian-Moravian protectorate in the diplomatic hands of Baron Konstantin von Neurath Saturday while officials indicated they attached primary importance to and British con- the seizure of Imposed on Nazi Goods Expected to Curtail Flow of Products to Mere Trickle \VASHINGTON, (U.P.) _ T h e United States Saturday imposed severe restrictions on German trade by proclaiming a conditional 25 per cent penalty tariff on all imports o f ' nazi goods after April 22. The action followed swiftly after announcement by Acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles that the United States will send a note to Germany which is expected to reiterate official abhor- ence of nazi absorption of Czechoslovakia and refusal by the United States to grant diplomatic recognition on the change Top "Black List" The new duties are expected to curtail the flow of German products to the United States to a thin trickle. They were imposed on top of the high "black list" duties to which German products already are subject. Treasury announcement of the action attributed it to subsidies employed by the German government to aid importers in "dumping" commodities abroad. However, the timing of the action leXl no doubt that in part a', least, it was a direct result of official in- ^ ,,.^o lul ,. dignation at Reichstuehrer Adolf | (A spokesman for the Rumanian Hitlers seizure of Czecho-Slovak- legation in London said Rumania had received and rejected sweeping demands ' from Germany for complete economic domination as the 'pi-ice for territorial security AVohlthat was: understobd..to-.have presented the demands.) ' Speaking of the condemnations of Germany's course by acting Secretary of. State Sumner Welles and Prime Minister Chamberlain, an official spokesman in Berlin said that "every syllable must be weighed" before any official German reply is made. Says Chamberlain VnoTjjectivc Semi-official c o m m e n t on C h a m b e rl a i n ' s Birmingham speech, in which the prime minister condemned Germany's "wanton" absorption of Czecho-Slovakia. said his words lacked ob- United States damnation of Czecho-Slovakia. Von Neurath. president of the nazi secret cabinet council and former foreign minister, was named reichs-protector of the 7,000,000 inhabitants of Bohemia- Moravia before Hitler left Vienna for home after a three-day tour of his new realm. Nazi spokesmen in Berlin branded as "arrant nonsense" foreign reports that Hitler had put Hungary ami Rumania next on liis list for subjugation on liis march to the east. They said, however, that Dr. iUelmuth Wohlihat was still in Bucharest as head of a German economic mission. Will Probe Each Shipment The treasury said it would apply the 25 per cent penalty duty to all German goods -entering this ^- country. It will e a c h shipment to determine whether it was subsidized, and, if so, the amount of -subsidy. The , duty then . be corrected to conform to the subsidy. It the subsidy is greater than 25 per cent, an additional charge will be assessed. If less than 25 per cent or if no subsidy was paid, a refund will be made. The action was based on an opinion by Attorney General Frank Murphy, which had been requested by the treasury last Nov. 28. The opinion, as given out by the treasury, was dated Saturday. To Offset Subsidies Murphy said he had found that in the case of barter arrangements on cotton bought by Germany, there was a net subsidy of 33 1-3 per cent on the goods sent to the U. S- in exchange. The bartering was carried out through complicated transactions which he said were under control of the German government. Therefore he recommended that the treasury put into effect the countervailing duties, provided for in the tariff law in cases when it is found that a foreign country is subsidizing shipments to this country. MOHAWKS LOSE TO DIAGONAL DES MOINES--Mason City's Mohawks, after holding- the lead much of the game, faltered in the last half of play to fall before Diagonal 34 to 31 in the semi-finals of the state basketball tournament here Saturday afternoon. Read about this thrilling encounter In which the Mason Cityans nearly captured a state title, on the sports page. . jectivity. This comment declared such No Irish Reside in Town of Shamrock SHAMROCK. Pa., f/Pj--There was no "wearin 1 of the green" Friday in this tiny village with the famed Irish name. Shamrock is in the heart of Pennsylvania's Dutch country and there's not an Irishman in town. but the hill boys seem to know ! the hens faithfully followed"" best. j Mr. Roosevelt grappled with his income tax return alone, but Mr. Garner went over to an expert in the house who has been helping him for 15 years. ·'The senate has an expert," said Gamer, "but you have kept me out of jail for 15 years, and, dad- gum-it, I don't want to lose you."' He autographed a congressional directory for the expert. * S 4 Hitler Goes Too Far Authorities here are inclined to comfort themselves with the opinion that Hitler now has gone too far. He led his own German people as well as the outside world to believe that all lie wanted in Germany was German people. Now he is taking Czechs. Mora- vians. Slovaks and possibly Ruth- enians. To Napoleon, the same mistake proved fatal. (CoprrtrM, Jvlnr Fsalnres, Inr.) Wife Who Wouldn't Get Breakfast Divorced Pope Pius Receives Ciano in Audience ROME, /Pt--Pope Pius XII received Count Galcazzo Ciano, Italian foreign minister and son- in-law of Premier Mussolini, in audience Saturday. Count Ciano's audience was a formal one. the first official contact between the new pontiff and a member of the Italian government. SIOUX CITY, OP)--Testimony that his wife refused to cook his breakfast, the only meal a day he had a chance to eat at home, won a divorce for Erwin Drake, 38, from Marjory Drake, 37, in district court here Friday. FOR LATE . NIGHT NEWS For the latest news bulletins tonight tune in Radio Station K G L O (1210 Kilocycles* at the following times: 6 P. M. -- 7 P. M. 8 P. M. -- 10P.M. statements from statesmen of western powers gave the small nations of southeast Europe false -ideas of the. roles they could play after the Afunich accord extended German power to the southeast. Von Neurath, who gave way to foreign minister to Joachim von Ribbentrop in a cabinet reshuffle Feb. 4, 1938, will have Prague as his official residence as reichs- protector. He will have veto powers over any acts of Bohemian- Moravian administrators that he deems contrary to nazi interests. Hitler's Route Secret Karl Hermann Frank, nazi dep uty district leader for Sudeten- land, is to be his secretary of state, and Kurt von Burgsdorf is to be ministerial director. Though Hitler left Vienna Sat urday morning, spokesmen said he probably would not reach Berlin Saturday night and that elaborate welcoming ceremonies had been postponed until Sunday evening. The fuehrer's route wa; kep_t secret. Semi-official comment on Chamberlain's speech charged that, despite frequent German press warn ings, newspapers of western na lions had left nothing undone tt make the Czechs think they could "flout the spirit" of the Munich pact. Deny Policy Changed This comment denied that Hit- lev had departed from his policy of incorporating only Germans into the reich. The form in which the ancient connection between Germany and Bohemia-Moravia was re-established--creation of a protectorate--was cited as a refutation of this charge. U wss argued additionally that Hitler never, at Munich or elsewhere, had renounced his right to play a leading role in central Europe. There was no need for Hitler to consult Chamberlain in advance, this comment said, .any more than there was for Britain to confer with the reichsfuehrer on matters' within Britain's sphere. Preparations were under way for a great victory procession from the railway station to the tremendous new chancellery upon Hitler's arrival in Berlin. KILLED tlXDER TRAIX PERRY. UP--Injuries which resulted when he fell under a train caused the death of Newell Hayes, 38. of Marion, Iowa. Details of the accident were not learned. Former Czech Army Head Sees Hitler MERCURY RISE IS PREDICTED Temperatures 10 lo 20 Degrees Below Normal for State DES MOINES, (/P)--Iowa temperatures continued in the lower levels Saturday morning, but the weather bureau promised a rise Saturday night and Sunday. . Friday night's low was G degrees at Mason City' while 8 degrees at Charles City and Iowa Falls was reported. The highest reading in the state Friday was 34 at Council Bluffs. The 24 hour average was 10 to 20 degrees below normal at various points in the state. Skies were clear over Iowa Saturday morning, however, and the weather bure.iu promised "generally fair" weather for the weekend. Nazis Form | New Lineup in Air Force _ BERLIN, W)--Field Marshal Goering announced Saturday formation of a new air force command for Germany's new eastern domains, a move officially described as ''a tremendous strengthening of the German air force." In official quarters it was said this step meant "exceeding all plans hilherlo made /or building up" the jjeich's already powerful military aviation. Goering, as air minister, announced the new command would be known as number four and would embrace Austria, Bohemia, Moravia and parts of the Sudeten- land and Silesia. FORECAST LOOK INSIDE FOR- A IOWA: Generally fair, rising temperature Saturday n i s h : Sunday increasing cloudiness and warmer, becoming unsettled north portion. M I N N E S O T A : Increasing cloudiness with rising temperature, snow northwest portion Saturday night; Sunday snow and warmer. WEEKLY FORECAST Weather outlook for the period March 20 to 25: For the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys, and the northern and central great plains: Not much precipitation indicated: temperatures mostly near or above normal. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Friday 23 Minimum Friday night 5 At 8 a. m. Saturday 10 Expected Reduction in Acreage to Solve Wheat, Corn Problem WASHINGTON, «P)_ Agriculture department officials looked Saturday to reduced acreages in wheat and corn to help solve the crop surplus problem. The smallest corn acreage in 40 years, and an area sown to wheat 18 per cent below that of last year. were estimated Friday by the federal crop reporting board. Acreage to be sown to corn 'was estimated at 92,062,000. compared I with the agricultural administration's goal o[ 36.000,000. The wheat acreage was estimated at 65,650,000, compared with the crop control program goal of 55,000,000. KITTY CARLISLE Is Best Dressed U. S. Woman, Poll Indicates PAGE 2 Marble Rock' Youth Killed in Accident PAGE 8 FRANCE CALLS ENVOY HOME Dispatches Nole to Germans, Refusing to Recognize Conquest BULLETIN P A R I S , (/P)--France and Britain, sources close to the foreign office said Saturday night, are trying to persuade Soviet Russia to join them in aiding Rumania 'resist the economic pressure of the expanding German state. PARIS, (A 5 )--France Saturday summoned her ambassador to Berlin back to Paris for consultation and dispatched a note to the nazi government saying she did not recognize the German occupation of Czecho-Slovakia as legitimate. Both moves paralleled actions of Great Britain. The British government Friday orderec 1 its a m - , bassador home from Berlin and 1 Saturday sent a note similar to France's. ] These moves came as Premier'. Daladier won a vote of confi- i dence in the chamber of -depu-1 ~ ~ -tics during debate on his demand I demands RECOGNITIONOF CZECH LOSSES IS DENIED BY 2 British Cabinet in New Firm Stand on German Expansion BULLETIN BERLIN-, W j -- T h c German foreign office spokesman Saturday declared Germany would meet with "sharpest repudiation" British and French notes denouncing (lie absorption of Czecho-Slovakia as illegal. L O N D O N v - T h e British cabinet Saturday night considered a new "stand firm" policy in the light of Germany's absorption of Czechoslovakia, with the clanger ot~ a na/.i tlmist at Rumania believed to be the chief subject of discussion. The emergency session, for which Prime Minister Chamberlain hastened back from Birmingham, lasted two hours and 25 minutes. It was the first Saturday session of the cabinet since Ulc September crisis which led to Hie first dismemberment of Czccho-Slovakia. No immediate statement was issued, but it was understood the cabinet studied the ore'ani- . nation..of.a.European balance.Df power aerainst Adolf Hitler's new imperialism. Britain and France were reported to have been joined Ijy the United States and Russia in denying recognition of the conquest of Czecho-Slovakia. Despite denials in Berlin a n d B u c h a r e s t , reliable sources here insisted that Fuehrer Adolf Hitler has made strong economic demands on R u m a n i a and that Rumania rejected them. Rumania Asks Aid Rumania, these sources said officially informed Britain of the for dictatorial powers. The ambassador to Berlin. Robert Coulondre, was instructed to present the -French note to Germany at once. In answer to the summons to return to Paris, it was expected the envoy would arrive here Monday for a report on the situation. Daladier's vote of confidence was 334 to 258. Chamberlain Says He Can't Smile for Photographer BIRMINGHAM, England, (!P Prime Minister Chamberlain left here Saturday in glum mood to attend an extraordinary cabinet session in London. When a photographer asked him for a "smiling" pose, the prime minister answered: "There is an occasion now and again when one cannot smile. This is one of them." and asked how far PAY ACCORDING TO WEIGHT i EVANSTON, 111.. (fl».i--Most ol i Britain is prepared to go in supporting Rumania's rejection of them. The Evening Standard said. King Carol conveyed to Britain his fear that Rumania is in grave danger of German aggression and his determination to fight instead of submitting to any loss of territory. Carol, the Standard said, sug- ;csted that if Britain, France and Teams Burn Floor in State Cage Fight PAGE 9 \ ^ .. .A,.J * vi^, in., ur,»--iviosi 01 rt 1 -^ 1 '-'- 1 unit ii u i L L e u i i , r i i i n c c ano the girls at the Northwestern uni-1 Russia back him, he can rally versify law school dance .Friday Poland. Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey night were diminutive--and for a ;incl Jugoslavia to his support, good cause. As admission, their i Tilc Evening Standard said the escorts had to pay one-third of a ' Rumanian minister informed Brit- cent per pound. Scale attendants!" 1 ' 11 t h a t aflc1 ' tllc crown council reported the lightest in weight h i t ! n a d decisively rejected Germany's 102 pounds, the heaviest 145. demands Friday night, they worn -- _____ * * * * * * * * Europe at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bucharest--Rumania urgently weighs position caused by German economic proposals. (Reports in London say Rumania rejected nazi guarantee of territorial integrity in return for economic monopoly.) Berlin--Officials deny any German intentions beyond bringing Rumania into nazi economic orbit. London--Britain tells Berlin absorption of Czecho-Slovdkia was complete repudiation" of Munich agreement; calls cabinet in extraordinary session. Paris--B'rance summons home her ambassador to Berlin; dcpuUc- vole Daladier confidence on his demands for dictatorial power i,, , build up French military power: government joins Britain in uule | to Berlin assailing conquest of Czecho-Slovakia. i Berlin--Baron Konstantin von Neurath named German Protect"ir I or Bohemia-Moravia; Goering announces new air force commprd for ! expanded nazi eastern domains: German law for Slovakia avail- rc- I turn of Hitler from triumphant tour. · Prague--Czech cabinet prepares reorganization .if p r u K v l n i ·;ilr' · government under nazi law. i Saloralja L'jcly, Hungary--Hungarian army complex m m r l h a n ! hall of occupation of annexed Cai'palho-Ukraine. S

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