The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 2, 1943 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 2, 1943
Page 4
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Ul-la _ COMPANY Telephone Wo. 3300 V7* "~vu"«ti«M matter April It. 1930. at the Dost- Mason City. Iowa, under Ui« act at March 3. mi. * Published TM j - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. A'OREM City Editor LLOYD L. GEEH - Advertising Manager ASSOCIATED PliESS -- The Associated Preu =ly entlUed to Uie use for republicaUon of all news ---i credited to It or not otherwise credited to thU and also tft» local news published herein. HA. LEASED W1RK SERVICE BY UNITED PRESS MEMBER IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with uts r, neiM ,-ind business offices at as Snoos Bulldtos. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason City and Clear Lake. -Mason Clt and Clear Lake «10.00 bytheweek "I 20 OUTSIDE .MASON CITT AND CLEAB LAK« AID WITUI.N 100 MILKS OF 9IASO.V CJTI P«yearby earner ..Slo.oo By mall B months. .53.25 Per week by carrier..* Jo By mall 3 months., si .75 Peryearbymill S «·» Bv malll month...« .«0 OUTSIDE 109 MILE ZONE yeryr.S 10.00 6 months 15.50 3 months S3.00 1 month! 1.00 The Tribune Starts a Happy New Year ITVHE DAWN of the new year found the Chicago · ·!· Tribune busily engaged in a campaign designed to incite popular opposition to the nation's program of wartime rationing. Its general case is (1) a doubt whether rationing is needed, 2) an insistence that if it's needed, the new deal is to blame, because of crop curtailments in the past and because we've been too generous with our allies, (3) a contention that the program is in the hands ot bureaucratic bunglers and (4) a profession of belief that rationing should be on a voluntary basis. The whole thing is a despicable attempt to curry favor with those--too many, incidentally-Who believe that it's to be an easy war, a war that can be won without discommoding anybody very much or interfering seriously with the nation's peacetime economy. And the net effect is to consolidate and increase popular opposition to the rationing program which has been deemed essential by the duly constituted authorities in whom under the American way, the nation must repose its confidence and Invest its loyalty. We're confronted with a choice between Colonel McCormick and Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker; between Colonel McCormick and Gen.- Dwight Eisenhower; between Colonel McCormick and Admiral Joseph Grew; between Colonel McCormick and Elmer Davis; between Colonel McCormick and Secretary of Agriculture Wickard, between Colonel McCormick and Gen. Brehon Somervell. As for us, we'll take Rickenbacker, Eisenhower, ' Grew, Davis, Wickard and SomerveU. Each of them from his point of vantage has studied the problem and ruled that if our fighting forces are to have all they need, there must be some tightening of belts on the homefront. That's the fundamental WHY of rationing. If there isn't in Unter den Linden a statue ot the Tribune's publisher, in heroic dimension* it must be concluded that Herrs Hitler and Goebbels--along with their many other and greater shortcomings--are notably lacking in gratitude * * * Challenge to Tirpitz QNE OF THE REASONS why the nazi super- v battleship Tirpitz has not appeared in the news recently can be read in an admiralty announcement that Britain's two new 35,000 ton battleships, the Anson and Howe, are now at sea with the fleet. The Tirpitz might have lorded it over some of Britain's old models, but it would not want to swap shells with the new British dreadnaughts with their superior speed and high angle anti-aircraft guns. Britain battleship strength is now back to pre-war standing of 15 capital ships and battle cruisers. This is heartening because the war has , cost England some of its choicest capital ships such as the Prince of Wales, the-Repulse, the Hood,-the Royal Oak,, and the Barham The Prince of Wales (which was a Jap bombing victim off Malaya) has since been replaced by the King George V and the others have been more -7if ! L r «? !a u? d by the newer ' faster Deadlier British battleships Aason and Hove Britain's main battle fleet like America's main IB* of capital ships is not scouting the seas for battle bids today. Bombers have distinctly cramped the style of old model battleships With rare exceptions major sea actions have quickly berime air shows with battleships standing by Of late there has been a tendency to send some of the newer battleships and heavy cruisers with large convoys to gain the benefit of their antiaircraft guns, but battleships are st m kept pre tty much under cover of aerial protection The phenomena of the H.M.S. Anson and the HJVIS. Howe is that bombed British' shipyards Frnm «? !T £"' dreadnau ghts during wartime. from the toll that axis raiders took of British w£r?*'^- S « and - aa Fy yards earl * in ^e days FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MARK BYERS Political Situation in Africa Not Ironed Out So Easily A S THIS is written the only certain fact about tho a n ,1 ?? 1 , situati °n » North Africa is that the death of Darlan, the dubious "chief of state" 01 the French colonial possessions, opens the way to French unity. The French colonial council a sort of provisional French government of thl colonies, chose in Darlan's place Gen Henri Another Escape From Prison? 4 Barlan was anathema, the * * ,, they hate and fear i n France and the subservient Petain regime But they we) corned Giraud with open arms-he's the* kind - n f h - - Thus the bi *ering a n d squab- of the French in the colonies rescued from Hitler's clutches by the American invasion had apparently ceased. Giraud had already taken France back into the war against the axis : bv S U r±! 'f he C °' 0nial arm y in he field and by' beginning to raise another force, for which he is receiving arms from the United States forces sit,^tinn 0 h SOroe f e u Son {he Nortl1 African political situation has not been so easily ironed out as at first appeared likely. General Giraud caused the arre st of a n u mber of j^,^ j. 0 ^^e officers, and charged that there was a plot on foot endangering the lives of himself and the Ameril atic ^Praontatire. Robert atophy the arrests, incredibly enough were TM , he said TM* ^ will sue-' Demonstrate Food as Weanon ANOTHER disturbing factor in North Africa- but one .that can be easilv disposed of-- is a general shortage of food and 'materials T which is St ' at T° rding to Milton Eisenhower" of cently returned from an inspection _ EYE® OBSERVING . It will have enormoui ef- REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files FORTY YEARS AGO . °" New Vear-s'eve Mrs. A. H. Gale and Mrs. J. i. E. Markley entertained at the home of Mrs tons f °f ?V7^ ^ ^erite^o^i tons of food of all sorts have been sent to Ge?valuable war materials. Not the least ·*- - c the American invasion has been the axis. * * * Unable to Stop Russians JpHE great Russian three-barreled offensive in = * 17 i n n and the Caucasus continues ana roils along with every indication that the red f-fSm?- ni ? f ? llowm e U P a German retreat, but SSS^cSrSKSS'bSL^ ****« d ^^Sffi^T^^^s- turn point in the upper Caucasus which was the main base of the German attack on Stalingrad The «tv «-« ««» ,,,_.,,,,_., ,,.._ SUCTO( £JTM- r . Germans were a n retreat and they were able to take most of their stuff with them. But now they are being pushed, are endeavoring consantly to r»n? t f r ;f" aCk a " d halt the Russia " drive and repeatedly are unable to get out their stores. Ine Russians seem to have made good their claim of having cut off the 22 divisions of the nn,^? sie s e , a ^y at Stalingrad, the troops there now being able to receive supplies only by planes tefnT tlV" ll l e Caucas « toward the rnoun-" rtt v, n ^ s ^ w! ? ere the Gen^ns had almost reached the Caspian soa and the Georgian military road to the oil fields, the red army has taken V e a n d i S rolling !nto the Ie£t aa "'- °f n force in such strength and A small fire at the Hotel Wheeler this morning caused considerable excitement among the peaceful citizens near that popular hostelry The fire originated in the roof over the kitchen. THIRTY YEARS AGO Mason City awoke this morning after neace- fully sleeping away the last hours of one of the best and most prosperous years in her history Indicating prosperity from the standpoint of dollars which is the universal standard, there has been a solidifying of affairs here which means much for the future of the city and the continued healthy growth of the municipality. TWENTY YEARS AGO Snow of New Year's day and night and this morning has started drifting into roads of North Iowa, but not enough to hurt traffic, accorclin" to a report issued here this morning. It is reported that the snow was general, from two to three inches. Frank Currie and family and Mr. and Mrs. C. Currie spent the New Year's holidays visiting at Woden at the home of Mrs. Lucy Lee and at the W. A. Dean home. TEN YEARS AGO The Rev. Maurice Mullan has gone to Dubuque and from there will go to Washington, D. C where he is taking mathematics and science in the graduate college of the Catholic university. He has been visiting his parents. Mr. and Mrs Charles Mullan, 520 Fifth street southeast: Miss Marion Ask returned Sunday to Iowa City to resume her duties as English instructor in the public high school after spending the holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Ask, 919 Adams avenue northwest. Miss Dorothy Kropman, 325 Seventh street northwest, is visiting her brother-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. 1. H. Weiner, in Omaha. GOOD HEALTH By Logan Clendening, M. D. VITAMINS FOR THE SOUL yESTERDAY we discussed some of the recommendations which were made for vitamins l°L t* p ?7 SICal bod - . which is all right as a tribute to the dying year. With a of us. I fe in these v r = ^ t « · 1S a substan ce which acts in some way to improve your nutrition and morale and · make your food more readily I absorbed and more readily used in the body economy. When they are insufficient in the diet the individual goes on livine but he sags. | What is true, about the physical body is true! about the spiritual body. We.have all sorts of things, humble and solid and wholesome, which nourish our mental and spiritual processes- we read newspapers, we have discussions with our friend* we read business bulletins v.-e n~ TM ^ . 4- n to commercial continui- Dr Clendentajr ties on the radio, hear all sorts ol gossip about the war. All these' things are necessary on a lower plane, but a great many o£ us need a "lift" to raise our thinking and our feeling to a higher level. That is what Dr Rice means by "vitamins for the soul." Nowadays the physical health is likely to be wl eC » t h d b £ the excitement and stress of the times. Whether the news is good or bad, acceptable or not acceptable, it is certainly not a pleasant world to hve in from the standpoint of news. So he suggests that reading and conversation be en- inTc v ? , c ° ntin ,V e interest in the great cultural and spiritual achievements o£ the race Dr. Rice found a list someone suggested of the t£ f ^-P, k°°ks ever writte n °n which he noticed that Milton's "Paradise Lost" stood tenth in the r.* ? wondered why. In high school he had read it. _ but m those days it had not made much impiession on him, so he decided to take it up -- ^^, itl oui_ii oiicn^Lii tirici *nV»n h i s - ugges ' that the nazi s will soon have A "D/^TT^n "D/^/'MT'Cl uo fall back m a hurry or be caught as are the A ±V ) 1 J I K( )( I K S besiegers of Stalingrad. They are already in a -^-MW U J. -LJWWIVO narrow pocket between the Russians around ixOi.ejniJ\ovsKi and the Blck seo while the north *h n Q Ussian off( r nEiv e is bearing down on Rostov", By John Selby Three books on music -- Other Name' will department, the new con S«*s meets there f the treasury P ressur « *°r an tax-." He explains that this tax would not be based on income, and that U woLtd not fa 1 upon savings. Only the dollars and cents actually spent would be subject to tax- So far as we 'recall details of this alieeedlv w species of taxation, it is to be admmi s fe re d m e for a major German debacle. It is now too late for the nose of the invading army, deep in the Caucasus and reaching to the Volga at Stalingrad to be pulled back to safety. Heavy Russian forces £* r V , C ^ S V° Rostcv than »e advance ell! ments of the German armies. The only hope of ?nr? P r£f g ?'?S Ste n remain:n S f Hitler is to stop and defeat the Russian army They've been trying that now for two weeks keen ds !;*" ate .^"^ei-attacks. And Hie Russians' new he could show upon em government wanted to check his return Wavell Attack a Diversion TT ISN'T a very strong offensive that General » sending into Burma from India, but ^ . -,, s than to set up a system with thousands of new employes to check each individual citizen's expenses for chewing gum cigare(s - Incidentally, a properly-conducted sales tax could be made selective, eliminating from talaUon the much talked about "poor man's dinner table" whose alleged peril from the sales tax has caused poIiUcians down through the years to weep gallons and gallons of crocodile tears. Kauons The treasury bears down hard on "excise taxes," which are sales taxes specifically applied to certain commodities, and now it has this litUe pet, the "expenditures tax." But don't mention sales tax in the vicinity o£ the U. S. treaty or Mr. Morganthau, It produces a cold sweat. rr,o« ( - " ;~il--, raen to operate them--not to mention the observation of Rickenbacker that the Japanese Pl lots are now only third-rate fighters the very good men met in the early days of the war having been ail killed off ' ~r ApP ?E ently Wavell ' s P us h s intended more to {hi T« thc P re . ss . urc on the Chinese, who observed '"It, J ^P S ? bout , to £tart a »ajor drive into Yun- nan province from Burma, than it is to regain Burma itself. That, eventually, must be an afifed objective imperative if China is to be rescued and Chmese troops and air fields arc to become uslful for the main attack- upon Japan. But just now vvaveu seems in ho m =t-i^, a diversion TJECULIARLY, there have been more new books * on music in the last year than on art, if we except the innumerable monographs of such institutions as the Museum of Modern Art and the small publications of certain other music books to be had now, each useful in its field. One is David Ewen's "The Book of Modern Composers." This is prefaced by an essay on modern music notable for one thing in particular --it docs not make propaganda for any one composer, and since most such essays are written by composers, this is not often the case. Mr. Ewen lias ujed an unusual system. Twentynine present day composers are considered and not all of them write the sort of music we tliink of when the word "modern" 1 is used--Elgar and Racnmanmoff are in the book, as well as Schoen- oerg and Berg. There is a brier biography of each man, an equally brief personal note by someone who knows him well, a statement by the man himself about his work, and finally an essay on the composer by an authority of importance u probably was difficult to assemble the material but the result is surprisingly good. (Knopf: $5). John Tasker Howard thinks something new has been added to music in the last few decades He thinks that if we know what a composer is trying to do, we are in a better position to enjoy his music And although he recognizes the fact that nobody can Icam to enjoy modern music by reading a book, he feels that since most o£ us cannot telephone our questions to composers an attempt to answer certain of them in a book is proper. He seems to be right about it, although nobortv will agree with even-thing he says m . . *,, A I *1 TS * 1 * W3S rather - hard going- Then he found that it was written for adults. Then he learned to read it aloud. That was much better! His family thought he was losing his mind but and 0r h d p n f rt° h ^', th l y had thought th « betoe, whon ^ d notlced that the ^ treated l»m better when diey were worried about him. Anyway he kept on reading it aloud It is adult food. It is food for grown men and uomen and certainly it is time we were growing th P TM?r e T ng "?S e nursing botile o£ babyhood^ the pureed vegetable stage of mental nutrition. 1 thoroughly agree with his attitude and among other mental lifts that people need no\«a- m" 6 P° tet ^-t"= Ewat English poefs not 2 n i but ? eats and Sllellev =»"J Words- and Browning and Tennyson How many of you have read the "Meno" and ? 3n ? e T deS " ° £ PIato late1 *- or liav * ever read them? They were written about 2.200 years ago and are still being reprinted so there must be something m them that is good for the human to S- 1 ; 50 , v " arnins ^ not always quite as easy to take as the capsule ones that you get at the drug store for your physical nutrition. You have CC kS Snd think and rea »y **»* on Lantern Light Lyrics Old Years k am glad, as are many oth- '· ers here in Mason City, to have been on the list for this new year greeting from Fred Cram, on the faculty of Iowa State Teachers college but formerly Cerro Gordo county superintendent of schools: The col day d»wn of life Kclurni In retrtipect acrots the WITH-- Th« cold »r»y .t pane* Ana psslttf years. life--Oh wondrous, rich, and puliioj m«. What an trrint lbln t thou aril Lach morn j. rHlnr Bun Bursts In b.auty or a w.rm'lnl world. Each noon bebolds a blistering in the oyster and which are necessary for bodily well being. I quote from a very old book on this same idea: "Living oysters are : endowed with the proper medicinal virtues; they nourish wonderfully and solicit rest; for he who sups on oysters is wont that night to sleep placidly; and to the vale- tudinary afflicted with weak stomach, eight, ten or twelve oysters in the morning or an hour before dinner, is more healing than any drug or mixture that the apothecary can compound." Bicycle Safety S*b"^fd%7r, 1 k I ,'i', 1l1 . h ' 0 , b S n Y ) , c "' lfn ' Sunset and evenlnc stir-- With To 1 nr. W «f r *tlera.r'" !Br e °"" mni -With wlahex to nun And prefers to God. Old years mast pass; and I Musi w-jlcR them t«. I weep not at their pauinj; 1 ve learned to love the chanilnr thlnr. And wonder what the chanf? C.D do l. me---. To me, «nj yao. Oh friend, I want y O B nejlr - mt And roar band in mine. You are so much a part ot me That sunsets make me tremble When I plan to tramp alone. The Lowly Oyster IS am passing along here $p the story of the oyster-a story which goes back into the pages of history at least 2,000 years. It was then that the Roman satirist, Sallust, said, "The poor Britons--there is some good in them after all--they produce the oyster." Even in his day the oyster was appreciated as a luxury and places from which they came were as well known as Blue Point and Rockaway are today. We even find among those ' same Romans, the first authentic record of oysters being farmed just as they are today. One Sergius Orata. has the distinction of being the first recorded oyster farmer. Pliny, the historian, said of him, that he grew oysters not for the sake o£ underlying his appetite, but through avarice and made great profit of them. ' One o£ the most interesting things said of the oyster is that the Romans ate them, not merely because they enjoyed them, but because they were EO healthful. Our modern dietetic specialists can give us a long list o£ those elements which are to be found shave it from the National '- Safety council that in 1941 "blacked out" bicycles bikes with no front or rear tights --were responsible for 2 in every 5 fatalities resulting from collisions between bicycles and vehicles. With so many more bicycles in use as a result of tire and gasoline rationing it falls upon us to be more careful than ever about the bikes our children and we ourselves ride. The cost of a head and tail light for a bicycle or of the drycell to make' present lights work is small indeed in comparison to hospital and surgical bills or of human life. The cost is large, however, to a grammar school or high school boy or girl, so that becomes the parents-task to police their children's bicycles and make certain they are safe. Make sure the bicycle your boy or girl rides is safe in trafiic. That it has proper lights and strong batteries. That the brake works. Do this today; tomorrow may be too late. --V-.-The -- IDAVS BOUOUE To THE MASON CITY DEPARTMENT OF STREETS--for a faithful and efficient job of sanding sidewalks and protecting intersections with cinders during the last several days when our travel ways have been about as slippery as any time within memory. The protec- Uos to life, limb and precious automobiles is, of course, particularly important during a tune when we must conserve working power and mechanical facilities as part of our war effort. DID YOU KNOW? By Frederic J. Haskin EDITOR'S NOTE: For «n (miter I. ^i»k q °^"'°.". "' "" *' H ° " 5I «»' City l.lobt.Gnttte IntorJD.IJon B a r t · a. Frederic J H.jkln. Director. Wjuhtin- ton. O. C." Fleua .end 1 ctau DosU» lor reply. ^ ^. uu ,i. lv) vuu ici^t mai so manv troops have been sent to the southwest Pacific and disposed along the Yunnan border for a i a «?hl? 9 rf 'i na that the Ja P««« command could not hurriedly re-arrange its plans. Meanwhile there is growing anxiety in China --u not genuine anger--at the continued allied of China's needs for war supplies Most practical of the three books is "Symphony Themes" compiled by Raymond Burrows and ' Carroll Redmond with the editorial assist- ,^7V f^ or S e Szcll and a foreword by that in- dofatiguable forcv.-ordcr, Deems Taylor T c book contains 1193 principal themes from 100 of the great symphonies, a list of recordings n good bibliography a list of playing times and an index and U'is^at ^A*,££SSggTM By Roy Murray of Buffalo Center HE LIES IN BED In Iowa, I've heard it said, It gets so cold men freeze in bed But whether that be true or no ' I would not have the proof to show aut, I have heard grandpappy say Ii gets darn cold there anyway, And oftimcs on a winter night The sheets and quilts will start a fight To sec which one must stay outside While underneath the others hide And so, I would not be surprised J don t think grandpa ever Jios. Where fs the oldest existing structure built by man? A. McB. The pyramids of Egypt are believed to be the oldest. What causes a horsehair io move when it is placed in water? E. B. Jlinute animals which attach themselves to the water-soaked horsehair. What city has the most telephones per capita? W. H. Washington, D. C. What is the title of the book written by General De Gaulle? A. E. "The Army of the Future." It is considered the classic work on mechanized warfare. How large is an alligator at birth? Does it grow rapidly? G. F. The young are 8 inches long, at one year they average 18 inches, and at 2'.«. years they reach a length of 3 feet 9 inches. What is the meaning of the name Bcthesda? J. D. It means "House of Mercy." What is the size of the Everglades? R. E. They have a width of nearly 50 miles and an area of 5,000 square miles. What city is said to be paved with gold? D. C. Dawson in the Yukon territory How much did Sir Frederick Banting receive for his discovery of insulin? G. N. He refused any money. All royalties have been used to further research. What per cent of the elcctoraie in Great Britain actually votes' G. G. 74.4 per cent. Which type of animal life predominates in the world? M. C. There are more insects than there are of all other animals put together. In the world as a whofc there are probably 25 million insects for each square mile of land There are only 50 people per square mile. Please define Stuka. O. H. The term Stuka is applied to a German dive bomber, most commonly the Junkers-87, two-seat single engined. with t\vo machine guns in the wings and one flexible gun in the cockpit. The word is V\9 German contraction ot Sturz (dive) Kampf (battle). Thus a Stuka bomber is a dive cattle bomber. How many languages are there? The Smithsonian Institution reports that there are more than a thousand distinct languages in the "world. How mnch imc has bten lost this year in strikes? A. V. The average number of man- days idle in all industries because of strikes was 396.888 What is the origin of the black kerchief worn by sailors? R. J. It was supposed to be a sort of lie or decorative ornament until needed for a sling for an injured arm. . was the first news arencr in the United States? K. E. The first agency to disseminate news was established about 1811 in Boston. Who was the first woman elected to congress? T. n. B. Miss Jeanette Rankin of Montana was elected in 1916. In what year did centres* firgt appropriate a hillion dollars for government expense? K. S. The fiscal year 1909 How old is the ravel th»t is Died in the senate? H. H. ^^ The gavel which dailj- calls the senate to order is the one which was used in the Continental congress. Did John Quincy Adams die in ·he capital? W. W. He died in the Capitol in 1848. defks? T ^ nators *»« ^dividual Each senator has an individual desk. Four. They were Kerr of Indiana, Rainey of Illinois, Byrns of Tennessee and Bankhead of Alabama. How did Thatkeray describe the soup known as bouillabaisse" E. G. ,r-'hTM S . bouil!abE »isse a noble diah is, A sort of soup or broth or stew; A hotch-potch of all sorts of fishes. That Greenwich never could outdo." B "wiui Hon- much of the plastic automobile exhibited last year was made of metal? p o'C Only the wheels, frame and motor were of metal Hoiv old a. word is protein? A. W . It was coined in 1839 What percenUre ot patent. have to do with automobiles? MR AND MRS. JOHN DOE ACCEPT WITH PLEASURE Acceptances or regrets, formal or informal-- the answer is con- IfA^TTV'i our new WEDDING BOOKLET, just off the press This up-to-the-minute publication covers the etiquette of modem weddings. from the guest list to anniversaries, In keeping with the times, the military wedding has been included. Just what the prospective bride has been waiting for. Order your copy of this booklet today. Only 10 cents postpaid. -Use This Coupon The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin, Director. Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 10 cents fa com (carefully wrapped in Name Street or Rural Route ... City State {Mail to Washington, D.

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