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NO*TH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME, H i s r o Â« t y D C S lip I H E S - ' I * NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS ^^^ HOME EDITION rmnri Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Cents a Copyj MASON CITY, IOWA; THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1944 Cerro Gordo Tops Bond Quota With $2,654,798 ONLY 65$ OF f Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section One NO. 114 SALES MADE IN COUNTY SO FAR Knutson Voices Hope Individual Purchases Will Climb to Goal Cerro Gordo county topped itsi,- quota 1 at the end of the regular fourth / war loan campaign period ij t Tuesday evening, it was a bounced Thursday. The fedeW'reserve bank of Chicago reported purchases of $2,654,798 creditedrio Cerro Gordo county on its quota of 52,497,000. .^The drive has now been extended to Feb. 20 on individual Purchases of series E, F and C bands and C tax notes. Cerro Gordo county was credited with only 65 per cent of its E bond quota up id Tuesday evening. A total of $710,311.25 in E bonds have been credited against the quota of $1,101,000 for the county, according to the federal reserve report to Clarence A. Knutson, Clear Lake, Cerro Gprclo county w a r , finance committee chairman. / Some optimism with regard to the Â· E bond purchases was expressed 'oy the chairman, however. He pointed out that purchases oÂ£ $100,370 in that type of bonds were reported for Monday and Tuesday alone and that the purchases were holding up well on Wednesday also. "I believe that Cerro Gordo comity still will get its job done now that the time has been extended to Feb. 26," he said. "We cannot 'afford to let the boys on the fighting fronts hear that we have failed." \ Sales by- towns and townships were Â· reported as follows up "to Tuesday. evening:^.^_. J ., _^, TOWNSHIP ' ' Gi-ant Lincoln Lime Creek Falls Clear Lake Lake Mason Portland , Union Mount Vernon Bath .: Owen .i Grimes :Pleasant Valley .... Geneseo Dougherty TOWN Ventura Plymouth Thornton Swaledale Meservey Rockwell Rock Falls Dougherly Clear Lake Mason City Outside corporation purchases credited to county 'AMOUNT 38,218.75 29,543.75 22,963.00 13,275.00 31,156.25 49,512.50 21.381.25 14631.25 33.431.25 21,662.50 30,975.50 16,876.00 14,350.00 17,450.'OQ . 12,305.25 AMOUNT . 2I,55G.25 . 20,167.50 . 25,931.25 8,781.25 . 10,087.50 . 3G.363.75 7,450.00 9,562.50 . 167,279.00 .1,208,358.00 '755,235.00 400 Planes Raid Helsinki; Report Peace Talks Started Stockholm, (U.R)--Four hundred red air force bombers raided Helsinki Wednesday night in what may have been an attempt to hasten Finland's decision to get out of the war, and the Stockholm newspaper Tidningen indicated * ='Â· f Â·'- -'Â· -'- Â·!Â· z that former Finnish Pi-emier Julio K. Paasikivi may have begun peace discussions with the soviet envoy to Sweden, Mine. Alexandra Kollontay. The newspaper said that "many signs pointed in the direction" of more tangible contacts between the Finns and the Russians here 'and that the first real peace talks occurred between Mme. Kollontay and Paasikivi.- Tid- ningen said ; it also was rumored that Faasikivi had met M. Sem- jonov, chancellor or the Russian legation. Foreign reports that Paasikivi has lel't lor Moscow appeared at least premature- He still was in the Grand hotel here Thursday morning. (The London Daily Mail quoted a Vichy broadcast as saying that Paasikivi had left for Moscow. CBS heard radio Bern broadcasting that Helsinki had confirmed Paasikivi's departure and also hod ! announced "an official exchange of notes . . . between Finland and Germany.") Tidningen said it had learned t h a t "the first real peace conversation" between Paasikivi and Mme. Kollontay occurred Wednesday. Another report circulated that Paasikivi had met M- Scm- jonov, chancellor of the Russian legation. Mme. Kollonlay arrived in S t o c k h o l m Wednesday from Saltsjoehuden," where she had been recovering from a slight illness. First reports indicated Wednesday night's 2 raids by forces to- ailing -300 planes were the heav- est ever made on Helsinki. The first attack began at 8 p. m. and asted little more than an hour, jut later waves pounded the capital from shortly after midnight until ,6 a. m., a United Press dis- patch'from Helsinki said. Â· -. -F.i n n i s h cejnsorship clamped 3o\vn bn'detaiis oÂ£' danHaiJie.'^bul the Stockholm Svenska Dagbla- det's correspondent reported that more fires were set than in the 2 Russian raids the night of Feb. 6. The Finnish legation in Stockholm said that Helsinki's defenses shot down "some" of the raiders. Other Finnish sources said Russian planes also had raided Abot (Turku), 95 miles west of Helsinki, thrice during the night. Swedish observers discounted suggestions that renewal of Russian air raids on Finland should be. interpreted as an indication of a breakdown in Finnish peace efforts. In the Russian-Finnish war of 1939-40. s o v i e t planes pounded Finnish positions after an armistice had been signed and right up to the time it took effect. Iowa Short in E Bond Campaign DCS Moincs, (IP]--Iowa is S2fl.- 000,000 short of its E bond quota in the 4th war .loan campaign, the state war finance committee reported Thursday. "We will not-have done our job unless the series E bond quota is "made," asserted V. L. Clark, executive manager of. the committee. '-To date we have done only two- thirds of the job on E bonds. We've a long way to go and it will take continued effort right up through the last few days of the month." . The latest report on Iowa purchases of bonds of all types showed the state's total to be 5171,400,000 or 96 per cent of the $177,000,000 quota. The report covered purchases through Tuesday. Largest Fund in History for '45 Navy Is Sought Washington. (.P)--p r e s i d e n t Roosevelt Thursday asked the largest appropriation in history The outlay, subjccl to congressional approval, would compare with 527,435,037,198 appropriated for the 1944 fiscal year and $23,808,852,547 for the preceding year. The tentative 1945 estimate for the war program of the war department is SI8,OOI,451,840, compared with a 1944 appropriation of 559,036,297,571, Mine. Alexandra Kollohtaj-, soviet minister to Sweden, is reported by a Finnish source to have conferred with Juho Paasi- kivi, Finnish leader, in Stockholm. Army Approaching Maximum Strength Washington, (U.R)--Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson told a news conference Thursday that the "army is approaching its maximum strength and the induction of men /or limited military service is being reduced. The chief need now is for combat replacements, he said, adding that partly disabled veterans henceforth will be given limited service assignments. WILL TELL EXPERIENCES Mount Ayr, (SP)~Sgt. Harold E. Korris of Redding, lone survivor oÂ£ a flying fortress which crashed in France with a crew of 10 last November, is scheduled to relate his experiences at a public gathering here Friday afternoon. 15uy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier hoy. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. GOLD WAVE IS FORECAST Zero to 10 Below in . Northwest Predicted Des Afoines, (IP)--A cold wav with temperatures falling to zer to 10 below in the northwest an ranging from zero to 8 above i the extreme southeast by Frida. morning was forecast by th weather bureau Thursday. The minimum temperature fo the state Thursday morning was degrees above zero at Spencer an Mason City and other minima in eluded Sioux City 4, Charles ( 7. M a x i m u m for the s l a t e Wednesday was 37 at Lanioni. The weather bureau said light snow fell Wednesday night m most of the south and east portions of the slate and the amount ranged generally from a trace to half an inch. Snow still was falling lightly in the south Thursday morning. Colder weather was moving into the state slowly, the weather bureau said, adding a forecast of fair and considerably colder weather Friday. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Cold wave Thursday afternoon and Thursday night. Temperature by Friday morning in Mason City 8 below: Friday fair and continued cold Iowa: Cold wave Thursday nighl with temperature likely to range from 10 below zero in the northwest to 5 to 10 above zero in the extreme southeast portion by Friday morning; continued cold Friday; partly cloudy to cloudy Thursday night becoming fair Friday. Minnesota: Cold wave with temperature falling to near 20 below zero north and 5 to 10 below zero south portion by Friday morning; fair Thursday night; Friday fair and continued cold. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 25 Minimum Wednesday night 3 At 8 a. m. Thursday 10 YEAR AGO: Maximum 29 Minimum 7 Report Red 'Chutists Have Landed Behind Nazi Lines in Narva Stockholm, (XT';--Russian parachutists have landed behind the German lines a I Narva and Russian naval vessels in the gulf of Finland arc pounding the defenses of the ancient Estonian city as soviet forces press in from Ihe east, Helsinki dispatches said Thursday. The dispatches said the para- chule landings were made in the vicinity of Vaivara, which is about J5 miles west of Narva on the road to Reval, Estonian capital. German troops were reported still fighting from positions on the east bank of the Narova river, which flows through Narva into the Gulf of Finland, but the Russians were said to have encircled them. The Russian bridgehead south of Narva is still intact, the Helsinki advices said, but is d i f f i c u l t to supply due to weak ice covering the Narova river. VETO TAX BILL AS INADEQUATE Administration Chiefs Surprised; Say Congress Won't Pass New Act Washington, (JP) -- President Roosevelt was reported aulhori- atively Thursday to have in- ormed congressional leaders that ,e plans to veto the new 52,315,00,000 tax bill because it fails to iroduce sufficient additional rev- nue. The president's reputed decision ame as somewhat of a surprise to dministration lieutenants, who urged him earlier in the week to ign the measure, contending that ongress was unlikely to pass any ither revenue-raising bill this Â·ear. As it finally went to the president's desk, the measure was ;eared to extract about $664,900,)00 additional in individual income taxes, add 5502,100,00 to cor- oratkm tax bjlls anct collect Sa,05l,300,000 more in excise evies. However, the measure was far short of the $10,500,000,000 addi- iomil revenue originally requesled ty the treasury. ' Recently Wendell L. Willlcie, the 1940 republican presidential nomi- lee, called for at least $16,000,000,00 additional taxes and the ^resident told a press-radio conference t h a t he and Mr. Wililrie were both looking toward the welfare of future generations in asking for higher tax payments now. The Dresident added,"with a smile, that ic had not had the nerve to ask congress for as much as Mr. Willkie suggested. While the president had objected to some proposed changes in the new revenue act- undei which the urmy, navy and maritime commission renegotiate wat contracts, the revisions in this section of the act finally made by congress apparently were acceptable io administration leaders. The president's chief objection to the bill as it finally was approved was said to lie in the fact that it failed to make sufficient increases in individual income tax payments/-. ,'.'-,.-.Â· . - - . ' Â· - . . Â· ' ROTATION PLAN IS EXPLAINED 200,000 Troops Have ""Already Been Sent Home Washington. Ol.fi)--More than 200,000 overseas troops, not counting sick and wounded, have been repatriated since the start of the war, the war department said Thursday in announcing details of its plan for rotation of men between foreign and domestic assignments. Some were brought home under the rotation policy, under which replacements w e r't furnished against advance requisitions from theater commanders. Others were repatriated under a "return personnel" classification and required no special replacements. These include men sent home for emergency reasons, for discharge, or for more efficient distribution of highly qualified individuals. Soldiers become eligible for repatriation in rotation after 18 months service in North Africa and 2 yearn in Alaska and the Caribbean. The intervals lo be prescribed in the southwest Pacific and elsewhere arc now under study. "Eligibility does not bestow the right to be relieved from an overseas theater," the announcement said, "but only establishes a basis for selection, the actual relief being dependent upon the personnel situation exigencies of the service, and prosecution of the war.'' Availability of shipping space for replacement is one of the main controlling factors. Purpose of rotation is threefold: first, to insure efficiency of a command by replacing t h o s e whose morale or health has been adversely affected by long and severe duty: second, lo briny home experienced personnel for training and forming new units, third, lo repatriate those deserving it, including men woundedsin aclion more than once. Persons brought home under rotation will be granted leave or furlough by port or station commanders enabling Ihem to spend 3 weeks wherever they choose They will not be ordered overseas again unlil after service in the United States. Nazis Launch Heavy New Attacks on Beachhead; Allies Holding Own AMERICAN TANK WRECKED IN BEACHHEAD -- T w o American soldiers eye a wrecked American tank, knocked out of action during heavy fighting near Cistcnui, in the allied beachhead south of Rome. Reds Develop New Threat to Pskov-Riga Trunk Railway ,By EDDY GILtUORE Moscow, WP)--The red army met increased resistance as it drove upon the great communications hub of Pskov from 2 directions Thursday, but northwest of the city, where Lake Pcipus joins Lake Pskov, soviet troops who captured*' -the town of Samoiva,' developed a new threat to the Pskov-Riga iiours, the reel army met going as it pressed clown trunk railway. Samoiva is on the eastern shore of the Lake Peipus narrows, which are less than a mile wide in some places. Any push across heve, followed by a drive to the south, would land the Russians along the railway and highway leading to Riga. All told, it would mean a march of only 25 miles. This newest threat 'to Pskov is the most dangerous confronting the L cits', anchor of Â· the German defense system in that area The arinJc newspaper Red Star said that the Germans were coun- ter-allacking violently south and southeast of Gdov in the Luke Peipus region, where the Russians are 30 miles from Pskov. On the twin drive south and southwest from Lviga, where the Russian troops swept up 30 towns and villages during the past 24 hard both sides of the Leningrad-Pskov railway. Red Star said the nazis were blowing up all railway and road bridges in the sector and were building tree barricades across the trunk highway, which runs in a southwesternly direction between Luga and Pskov. The Russians. however are using tactics which the Germans seemingly arc unable lo meet-going oft the highway to cut around fortified villages and then seizins German communications in the rear. . ' In the upper corner ot the Dnieper bend the red army subdued Field Marshal Fritz von Mannstein's heavy tank thrusts north of Zhenigorodka Wednesday and recaptured 2 Hfiportant towns. Yablonovk;i and Tarasch- cha. respectively 10 and 22 miles southeast of Bolya Tserkov. Defeated here, von Mannstcin launched new cbumer-blosvs to the southwest of Zhenigoroclka seeking to penetrate Russian lines and relieve the encircled 10 German divisions near Korsun, but dispatches reported the attacks were repulsed and that the toll of nazi tanks soared toward the 100 mark. Thousands of prisoners have been taken, dispatches said, A dispatch from the Cherkasy sector to the newspaper Pravda said that the condition of the roads," which forced the Russians to carry all ammunition, food and supplies to their advanced units, had prevented extermination of the ID trapped German divisions before this. On the most southern reaches of. the Dnieper river red army forces are massed on the, river's Â· eastern ;i :bank'.'lor 1 , an. attack on Kherson, A dispatch to the newspaper Izvestia said Thursday: "Soon the dark night over Kherson will end. A new soviet day will break over the city. Our troops can sec the city from the left bank." BERLINERS ARE DAZED BY RAID Mass Graves-Prepared for Some of Victims By HUBERT UXKULL Stockholm, (U.P.) -- Bcrliners many slill dazed from Ihe impac of Tuesday's heaviest air raid ii history, were reported digging ii the ruins of hundreds of build ings Thursday for the dead am trapped. Fires continued lo burn in th center of the city and its outskirls though they gradually were bein controlled. ' The Stockholm' Morgonlidnin gen reported from Bern that E many persons were killed.in th RAF's 2,800. ton attack that mas Gas Fumes Escaping From Cleaning Fluid Overpower 41 Workers Council Bluffs, (/Pi--Gas fumes escaping from a N cleaning fruid used in Ihe manufacture of radio parts temporarily overpowered 41 employes of the Howard Mami- facui-ing company here Wednesday night. .. j much more rigid than after previ- released after o us raids on the capital, and the "emergency" graves" .were pre pared for some of the victims. A Stockholm resident who wa in Berlin during the raid told th Swedish telegraph agency tin "damage couldn't have bee greater." The traveler said the widely known hotel Bristol on .UiUer de Linden, previously hit, but re opened, was struck by a land min One report, he said, was that 20 persons were buried in the dcbri but this was not confirmed. The Bristol was near the \Vil- helmslrasse and it was possible that many government buildings also were hit. The Hcnkel Chemical factory was understood to have been damaged. German censorship appeared $35,000 Loss Caused by Manchester Blaze Manchester, |P|--Damage estimated at $35,000 was caused here when fire destroyed the Clarence Torrey building, occupied by ;\ clothing store Thursday morning. The entire block was threatened for a time. All bul 5 were examination al Mercy hospital. The 5. whose condition was reported "good" early Thursday, were Lillian Bell, Isabel Ware, Lc- nore Tlion, Clarissa King, and Mrs. Edna Bascom, all of Council Bluffs. Production Manager A. C. Johnson said about 350 employes were working when the gas fumes commenced escaping. The plant was closed after the accident but ic- opcnccE Thursday. full story of destruction still remained lo be told. Frankfurl-on-Oder, 50 miles east of Berlin and Tuesday night's secondary target, had its heaviest attack of the war, Morgontid- ningcn said. The city was crowded with bomb refugees from Berlin and other German cities. STOLEN IN rrusov ! Sacramento. Cal., (/Pi--Â· Joseph 1 L. George, Folsom prison guard, reported to the sheriff's office that his radio was ripped from his auto--while it was parked-inside the prison walls. FIRE 7 .IAI- I5O.MHERS---Seven of M twin-engine bombers, caught on Engebi island airfield by fighters and dive- bombers from an American aircraft carrier, arc burned and blasted. The rest of the bombers also were destroyed. SHIP SURVIVES 2 ASSAULTS Bvedeson of Decorah Is Critically Injured Washington, (IP}--Unconqucred by a submarine attack, bomb hits and a 3-day fire in her hold, the liberty ship James Iredell is back in an undisclosed home port preparing tor another voyage, tilt i war shipping administration an- j nounccd Thursday. i Carrying a vital war cargo, the ; ship was in a convoy which was ] attacked by submarines in the i Mediterranean and was damaged t by concussion when a ship bear- i ing high explosives was blown'' out ot the water by n torpedo jusl \ ahead. Fifteen soldiers \vcre in- ] jurcd seriously. } After discharging her cargo at j Palermo. Sicily, the James Ircck'l! ' l o a d e d aviation gasoline a n d Bailed lo Naples where German bombers struck before she had a chance to unload. A bomb crashed the ship's No. 2 hatch and started a fire in the hold. As crewmen fought the blaze, 2 more bombs exploded in the hold. Â· Chief Officer Kenneth S. Thurlow of Long Island City, N. Y.. and 3rd officer Norman Bredeson ; of Decorah, Iowa, were^critically i injured. ~~ j With flames apparently beyond control, Capt. Alfred L. Jones, \ Mobile, Ala., gave the order to I abandon ship. Three navy fire- J boats then battled the blaze and j brought il under control 63 hours ' a f t e r the f i r s t bomb fell. Emergency repairs by a r m y i welders at Naples and at Oran j made the James Iredell seaworthy i for the voyage home. BOTH SIDES USE TANKS AS FIGHT GROWS INTENSE Germans Are Reported Throwing Full Force Into All-Out Effort BULLETIN' Allied Headquarters, Naples. (U.P.) Â·German armored forces, attack- UK with fanatical fury over a attleficid Uttered with their dead and the wreckage of burned-out anks, broke in waves against an unyielding allied line on the Anzio beachhead Thursday in an all- out attempt to drive Jhe British and Americans into the sea. Almost 36 hours afler the opening of their big offensive, which ivas the second major nazi effort ;o crush the 5th army beachhead, ,he Germans were striking with redoubled fury at the northern and southern flanks of the allied lines. Front dispatches said the Germans came on in endless waves, heedless of their losses and the overwhelming superiority of the allied air forces swarming over the battlefield. Allied Headquarters, N a p l e s , *)--A fierce battle has broken the lull on the beachhead south ol Rome with the Germans launching heavy attacks in the northern sector, but all evidence Thursday indicaled the nllied forces were holding against continuing enemy thrusts. An announcement at headquarters said the Germans struck Wednesday morning a f t e r a heavy artillery preparation. Both sides threw tanks into the heavy fighting. . Â· The Americans and British wei-e said to be grimly holding to. their positions in .the Ja,ce of trer- mei idous - press u MJ. _" ,.t^'li,!i-iÂ» ; .. ; . It was the second alt-out Ger-man attempt to smash Ihe allied beachhead. The enemy was said to be throwing his f u l l force of infantry, tanks and artillery into the struggle which was hourly increasing in violence. Enemy aircraft swung into the battle in unusual force, some 130 sorties attacking objectives in the battle zone. But the allied air forces met the air atlack, blow for blow, shooting down 9 of the attackers and blasting targets in the fighting area. The beachhead fighting far eclipsed that in strategic Cassino where, however, American' forces still were bilterly conlcsting the nazi strangle-hold house by house. RAF and Australian kittyhawks again bombed the ruins of the Monte Cassino monastery. American planes hit German positions elsewhere on Abbey hill. n a day of extensive and widc- ransing air activity, allied bombers, large and small, and fighters ftew approximately 1,200 sorties. The enemy railway yards in Rome were hit for the 2nd straight day and heavy and medium bombers attacked communications at many points north of the Italian capital. Four allied planes were lost. The sweeping air offensive covered 15 main and secondary rail lines around Rome. After the long and concentrated German artillery barrage Wednesday morning, the lirst enemy shock Iroops struck in the first phases of the new beachhead attack with tanks in support. The CARHOCETO I. O S T -- Allied headquarters have announced the loss of Carroccto (arrow), 10 miles north of Anzio in the beachhead sector south of Rome. Shaded area is allied- occupied.