Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 10, 1936 · Page 4
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, April 10, 1936
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, APRIL 10 ·§ 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE Issued Every week Day by tne MASON C1XV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANV 121-123 Ea»t Slate Street TelepHoo* No. 3SOU MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRKSS which Is delusively entitled to the uae for publication or all news dispatches credited to It or not otiienvis« credited In thli paper, and all local news. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Pel · Molne» news md business offices at 405 shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Mason City and Clear Lake, JCason City and Clear Lake. by th« year 17.00 by the week f .15 OCTSIDE MASON CM.'JT ASD CLEAB LAKE Per year by carrier S7.00 By mail e months 12.25 p" week by carrier .... S .15 By mall 3 months 51.25 Jcr year by mail 51.00 By mail 1 month 5 .SO OCTSIDE 100 JlttE ZONE Per year....56.00 Six months....53.25 Three months...51.iS SIGNIFICANT DECISION THE SUPREME COURT decision in the securities * commission case, handed down this week, was a six-to-three ruling, but the main point at issue in the case on trial was, intrinsically, a minor one. The great importance of the decision lies in the bars put by tne court against autocratic invasions of the bill of rights, and against bureaucratic assumptions of authority denied to the government for the protection of citizens' liberty. And it must not be missed that in this section of the opinion the decision of the supreme court was unanimous. The three dissenting justices, in their minority opinion, concurred with the majority on this, the vital point. The case was to decide whether a stock prospectus, challenged by the securities commission, could be withdrawn under the law. The stockseller withdrew his prospectus and claimed that ended the action, that if his proposal was withdrawn the commission had no authority to continue an investigation and put him ·under inquiry. It was a purely technical case, which did not even raise the point of the constitutionality of the stock exchange control law. The majority of the court held that when the prospectus was withdrawn tie case automatically ended, basing their reasoning on a long line of decisions protecting citizens against ·unlawful extension of government powers. It was this feature of an otherwise insignificant case which led the court to its much more important general pronouncement, in effect a warning to Bureaucracy to keep its hands off the constitutional rights of citizens. Such activities as those of the Black committee, plainly a violation of the right of privacy pledged in the bill of rights, and a number of other dictatorial assumptions of authority that have developed in recent years, come within the range of this warning. It .is almost definite assurance that when the cases brought against the Black committee come to trial, the court will uphold the objecting citizens and put the committee in its proper place, as a servant and not a master of the public. It is an opinion that may wen become historic, returning back to first principles and exhibiting the court in its most vital role--that of the protector of the liberties of the citizen. The bill of rights in the constitution, defending the private citizen against government invasion of his freedom, even against the law-making power of congress, is the fruit of many centuries of political experience. This guarantee in organic law is based on the historic truth that government tends always to seek for more and more power. Eventually, unless there is a bar put up somewhere, government becomes tyranny. Bloody struggles have been waged to establish limitations on arbitrary and autocratic power, and it is the worst indictment of this administration that it has airily endeavored to get around or to ignore the bill of rights. Let those who oppose supreme court review of the laws of congress consider what would be the ultimate result if there were no judicial or any other authority to point to the bill of rights and insist upon respect for it. A congress so-minded could pass a law restricting freedom of the press, or freedom of religious worship. It could do anything under the sun, sane or lunatic, and the administration would be bound to enforce it ^ Freedom is seldom lost all at once; it disappears by gradual encroachment under the guise of worthy purpose. To maintain it demands constant vigilance. The supreme court is the people's watchman, always on guard. CHANGE AND PROGRESS J OSIAH ROYCE, eminent Harvard educator, to whose memory Franklin D. Roosevelt not long ago paid high compliment in one of his presidential utterances, never presented a more profound thought than is contained in the following from one of his books: "An entirely false interpretation of the doctrine of evolution has led some people to imagine that in any departure of our lives, novelty, as such, must mean true progress toward the goal. As a fact, what you and I really need most and desire is not the new, nor yet the old. It is the eternal. The genuine lover of truth is neither a conservative nor a radical. He is beyond that essentially trivial apposition. Evolution itself is only a fashion in which the everlasting appears. For God, nothing is new. Be ready to learn what is new to you. But avoid this disease of merely running after every thought that loudly proclaims, or every plan that stridently asserts 'Behold, I am new.' Say to every such claimant for your reverences: 'Are you such that you can grow old and still remain as good as ever? Then, indeed, I will trust you.'" Our cqntemporary civilization has no greater shortcoming than its proneness to believe that change is necessarily progress. It could be, and indeed as often is, retrogression. It can still be said that man has no better guide than the lamp of experience. GOOD FRIDAY W ITH the religious services which have been conducted in most of the Mason City churches during holy week reaching their height on Good Friday, devotional activities have been planned for the hours from 12 to 3 o'clock on that day by most of the congregations. The period is that of the three hours of agony during which Christ hung on the cross. Good Friday, the anniversary established by religious bodies as a memorial of the crucifixion of ·Christ, solemnized on the Friday before Easter, is a legal holiday in several states and is observed throughout the world, being officially recognized in more than 100 countries. Its commemoration is of ancient origin, Hating to the time of Constantine who prohibited all public activities on the day. The three hours of agony on Good Friday provide a brief period for Christians to meditate upon the life of their leader and the tragic events of it which were culminated on the first Good Friday. "Could you not watch and pray one hour with Me?" asked Christ of His apostles when He was preparing for His bitter death. Give Him no cause to ask it of How to keep the government from coming all the way in once it has its foot in the door has always been a problem of mankind. Mere resignation from his 55,200 governmental gratuity has washed all of Jay Franklin's sins away. At the receiving end for four years, Mr. Hoover ought to be an expert now at poking fun at others. Then occasionally there's a fellow who wins the liar's contest without knowing he was entered. It's extremely doubtful whether local option can be made a winning issue in Iowa. We know a North Iowa editor who is just scarred all over from biting himself. Just How DO they decide who's to reside in those government-built homes? Simile: Optimistic as the person who expects much from the direct primary. Accidents don't "happen"--they're "caused." The PROS and CONS THE DEMOCRATIC VIEWPOINT Fenton Reporter: The Reporter strongly supports President Roosevelt for re-election this fall but nevertheless recognizes that the ever changing sentiment of the people may elect to replace him with the republican nominee. For this reason we want to see the best republican obtain the nomination this summer rather than the poorest of the contenders because, if Roosevelt is defeated, it's only reasonable to want a capable man in the presidential chair. We hope it's Borah vs. Roosevelt this fall. A HOMETOWN VIEW OF TALLE Decorah Public Opinion: If Mr. Talle receives the nomination--and at this time there is no other republican candidate who is deserving of serious consideration--he will receive a goodly share of the votes in his home county at the November election, and as the voters get acquainted with him in the active campaign he will make, we. believe he will unite the republicans and many democrats of the district in enthusiastic support of his candidacy. IT JUST DOESN'T ADD UP Swea City Herald: It's a safe guess that 85 percent of the newspapers, city and rural, are against the new deal in whole or in part, either outright or stealthily. It is the result of rigid training. After you start your newspaper, mister, the first point to impress itself upon you indelibly is that things must add up right, or you are going to be an ex-journalist in a hurry. -This new deal is screwy; you can't make head nor tail of it. RANKING OF CANDIDATES Algona Advance: Landon is still far out in front for the G. O., P. presidential nomination, but keep an eye on Vandenberg, the Michigan senator. Landon may be, probably is, as innocent of oil as a newborn babe, but the demos may get him smeared enough by convention time to make him unavailable. Vandenberg is the next best bet, and, like it or not, "Dick" is fairly close behind. MAYBE BROADWAY EVENTUALLY! Luverne News: According to the papers Earl Hall of Mason City is to deliver the Memorial day address at Waterloo this year. Last Memorial day he spoke in Luverne, this year he goes to Waterloo and in 1937 --who knows. At the flame rate ..of advancement it should not take him many years to'reach Broadway, TOPSY TURVY POLITICS Bancroft Register: Pity the poor honest democrats who find the republicans sponsoring all the principles for which the democratic party has stood for generations, and the new deal administration inaugurating the very schemes the democratic party has fought for years. HIGHWAYS FILLED WITH THEM Charles City Press: It cost a Charles City high school youth $10 to show his companions how he could "stunt" with his car. The highways are full of "stunt- ers" who really think they are safe and sane drivers. Are you one of them ? AT LAST AG'REED Britt News-Tribune: At last we are agreed, Smiti W. Brookhart and the publisher of this sheet. Anc the first thing we ever agreed upon is that Borah is the only hope of the republican party in the coming election. IT SMACKS OF CROOKEDNESS Allison Tribune: This thing of putting newspaper reporters oh the government payroll and at the same time having them continue their reporting as private individuals smacks of bribery and racketeering. WORSE WITH REPRESENTATION Lake Mills Graphic: When early Americans objected to taxation without representation, they didn't realize how much worse it would be with representation. HIS SINS AKE WASHED AWAY Marshalltown Times-Republican: "Jay," pardon please, Mr. Carter, is still explaining the beauties of the new deal. But "Jay's" a regular staff writer now TOO LATE IN THE^)AY, SENATOR Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Borah has had his day politically and it is away along in the afternoon--too late to start anything worth while. ZINNIA IS ALBERT LEA'S FLOWER Albert Lea Tribune: The zinnia is Albert Lea's flower. The Albert Lea Garden club urges all to plant zinnias this year. WHEN THE OTHER FELLOW PAYS ·Atlantic News-Telegraph: Payroll taxes, like many other taxes, will be popular--with those who do not pay them. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG A G. A. R. CHIEF NOMINATED MARSHALLTOWN--Since the whirlwind fighter, "Black Jack" Logan', was elected commander of the Grand Army he set the precedent for elevation to thai office of men who were valiant in battle. Latterly men have slipped in who lacked this qualification, much to the discredit of their states. At Washington next September Iowa will presen' a fighter in 10 major battles and innumerable smal' engagements. He was in the forefront at those great battles Nashville, Franklin and Tunneil Hill as a corporal in the Ninth Indiana cavalry. This was during his second enlistment. He is now commander of Phil Sheridan post, the largest in Iowa, the most vigorous veteran mentally and physically of my acquaintance, but too modest to assert himself. I have watched him should ered to one side by blatant maligners who neve smelled powder until righteous indignation moves me to protest. Smug, fat political soldiers crowding ths limelight with fighting George Clements in the back ground. ' This is a shame that Iowa should correct. Hono a man who fought say I and relegate the shirkers tt the background where they belong. Present the name of George Clement", hero of a. hundred fight?, who is a credit to the tribe of fightin men and never speaks for himself. MARVIN T. GRATTAN DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott PYRAMID PYRA.M\I oFTfi£.suN, HEAR. MEXICO crrV- i-T 1$ 2.16 ·BRA7.1L., CATTLE SERVE. FARMERS AS ICE ON RUMANIAN! ·S-TAMP COPYRIGHT. 1936. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDE.NING, M. 1). Dr. Oendeninff ONE MAN REFORMS RECALLED I LIKE the story Charming Pollock tells in the March issue of a national magazine. "Basil King and I were sitting together in a restaurant when a woman at the next table said to her companion, 'It's a dreadful state of affairs, but what can one man do?' The author of 'The Conquest of Fear' looked at me and asked, 'Shall we tell her that everything of importance in the world was begun by one man-or one woman?'" One man in France, named Louis Pasteur, decided from his observations that many processes of Nature are performed by the growth of small organisms, which we now call "germs" or "microbes." He came to the conclusion that the infectious diseases were due to the entrance of these minute organisms into the body. Against opposition-international and personal--in the face of vituperation and abuse, he demonstrated before a massed army of his opponents the truth of his principles. One man, John Howard, living in the eighteenth century, observed the filth of the jails. In the face of public indifference, he compelled the authorities to take cognizance of the conditions, and introduced reforms. Then he went after the hospitals, especially the quarantine hospitals, which at that time were even filthier than the jails, and by publishing the facts he brought reform all over Europe. Philippe Pinel was one man in France, about the same time as John Howard, who saw the way in which insane patients were treated as if they were criminals or witches; chained, underfed, abused, lodged in filthy, unhealthy quarters. Alone and unaided until the last, he compelled change in these conditions. "Louis Braille, blind from the age of three, taught himself to read by touching raised letters. By the time he was 25, he perfected his system of raised type for the blind and was teaching it in Paris. The Braille system has since spread throughout the world." One man, Crede, found the cause and the method of .prevention of infantile blindness. By insisting that this was the commonest form of blindness and that it could be prevented, he compelled the whole world to use silver nitrate instillation into the new born baby's eyes, and hence prevented an incalculable amount of misery. These examples, which belong purely in the mscii- cal field, naturally come to mind on this day, which is dedicated to one man--see Good Friday. ALL OF. US By MARSHALL MASLIN GETTING THE FLU? H OW DO I FEEL? I feel all right, why do you ask? You say my face is flushed. It is always flushed, that is my type. Florid, you know, hypertension style, red ears, pink cheeks. It doesn't mean a thing You say my eyes look bloodshot, dull? That doesn't mean anything, either. Got a bit of sand in them yesterday. Very annoying, can't seem to get it out Pains in my back? Yes, but that's because I threw a ball around the beach yesterday. Not used to that kind of exercise, using muscles I have not used for years. Getting to be an old man and have to be careful about such things. So you think I have the f l u ? Who, me? No, sir. Never had the flu, not even back there during the flu epidemic that swept the world in 1918. Never had it since Me, I have a charmed life. I walk right through swarms of flu germs, swallow them, digest them, live on them, fellow! They never touch me. I fight 'em off and don't even know I've been in a fight. If I had any sense I'd go to bed and stay there and NOT be such an idiot?.. 1 will not! I WILL be an idiot, if I want But I tell you I haven't the flu. Guess I ought to know. Because you and you and you and YOU had the flu, because your wife had it and your children had it, that doesn't mean I have .it I learned a long time ago that if I stay on my feet and keep going, I can lick any germ that challenges me. The little white corpuscles get going, whole armies of them, and they attack and they overwhelm and they devour the microbes and clean them up--and maybe I don't feel so fine for a few hours, but I wake up in the morning feeling fine as ever Every time, without fail, that happens So, you see- no flu, and even if I did have it, it wouldn't make any difference, I'd lick it So I'm a stubborn, dangerous and anti-social idiot and I ought to be in jail? So that's what I get for knowing whether I'm getting the flu or not? Come around and see me tomorrow--I'll be right here perhaps. EARLIER DAYS FROM GLOBE-GAZETTE KILKS Thirty Years Ago-R. E. Parkin of Hudson, S. Dak., was in the city last night enroute to St. Paul where he joins the American association baseball club. Mrs. Smithrud of Buffalo Center returned home today after visiting with relatives and friends in the city. James Kelley of Dougherty has been chosen assistant driver for the fire department rig, succeeding Dan, Barrum who has resigned. Miss Lela Crouse of Monona is in the city for a visit with Miss Ella Williams. Mrs. Ramsey left today for McGregor and Milwaukee for an extended visit with relatives and friends. NAPLES--The hope that Mount Vesuvius was becoming calm was dissipated when the volcano became more active than ever. The entire population was terrorized and thousands of persons in nearby villages disappeared when two strong earthquake shocks were experienced in the neighborhood of the volcano yesterday. Twenty Years Ago-Harold Keidle of the freshman class won the high school cross-country run yesterday afternoon by rover- ng the 2.2 miles in the fast time of 11 minutes and 38 seconds. BERLIN--The German assault on the Verdun front west of the Meuse was renewed today with great ferocity. The Germans attacked on the Caurettes wood south of Cuniieres, using flame projectors, but were repulsed by artillery and machine gun fire. EL PASO, Tex.--After making his trail with the deluding fiction broadcast by Mexican peons that he was dead of his wounds, Pancho Villa escaped into the Sierra Madre. mountains where he is thought to be safely hidden while the American cavalry still pursues the rear guard of the Villa bandits. Henry Katterer of Garner visited in the city yesterday. F. W. Senneff of Britt was in the city yesterday on business. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Treston of Rockwell were callers in the city yesterday. Ten Years Ago-Plans to. start operating the newly completed plant for the Mason City Milk Producing association April 16 were announced today by F. G. Mitchell, secretary of the organization. Three delegates and three alternates were elected to represent the Mason City Trades and Labor assembly at the convention of the state federation to be held here in June. Delegates chosen were William Johnson, F. R. Leffingwell and C. W. Hickox while Clyde Lown, John Nelson and Clyde Russell were named as alternates. PEKING--President Tuan Chi-Jui was deposed today in a coup d'etat which had as its basis the calling of Gen. Wu Fei-fu, the Chihli warlord, by the leaders of the national party to restore the "political situation" in Peking. ATHENS--Reports from all parts of Greece today indicated that quiet prevailed following the nipping in the bud of an attempted revolt near Saloniki led by three disgruntled army officers. TOMORROW APRIL. 11 By CLARK Notable Births--Charles E. Hughes, b. 1862; chief justice of the supreme court of the United States , Frank T. Bines", b. 1879, long time administrator 01 U. S. veterans' affairs Harry Woodburn Chase b. 1883, president of New York university Dr William W. Campbell, b. 1862, astronomer and presi dent-emeritus'of University of California. April 11,1713--A 63 year old bishop (of the Church of England), John Robinson, made the most importan treaty in British history. He represented Britain a the congress of Utrecht and obtained as spoils of the war of the Spanish succession, Hudson's Bay terri tory, Nova Scotia, Newfoudland and Gibraltar. Th latter was what was important, for it gave Britis! command of the Mediterranean and was the rock on which was founded Britain's naval and colonial su premacy. * * * April 11, 1783--Elias Boudinot of New Jersey, a president of Continental congress, proclaimed the ces sation of war with Great Britain. Actually, no treat; had been completed. The war's end was announce prematurely, to placats Washington's army, which was on the verge of revolt. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!--James 3:5. OBSERVING iLOBK-GAZETTE IS GIVEN ;OOST IN SAN DIEGO SUN .·Mi am all puffed up over the 9E|i complimentary m e n t i o n *^ received by the Globe-Cattle in a recent issue of the San iego Sun, as follows: "Ag a fellow who has been inter- sted in newspaper work all my life, have heard of the 'break-over' on he front page and often have heard criticized by readers. The pet eeve of the reader is that, having tarted a story worthy of a frontage position, he hates to stop, be- ween coffee sips, to'turn to another age to finish the narrative. To vercome this objection, the first ally in my native state to get in ne is the Globe-Gazette of Mason City, one of the. state's best dailies, 'or several months, now, all the rent page stories are completed on he same page, and the innovation as made a hit with the readers." The author of this kindness was one other than Frank E. Foster of owa Falls, now sojourning in the alifornia city. Long ago Mr. Foser identified himself with me as ne of the most kindly and human ersons I've been privileged to know, 'his quality shines through in th'e uoted paragraph. --0-HERE'S AN ANTIDOTE TO FUTURE WAR VETERANS .- have been only mildly ^g amused by the young smart sP" alecs who are launching 'Veterans of Future Wars" organizations on the various college campuses. I've known a few of the boys active in the movement and I may say that there isn't one of my acquaintance that I would wish to employ. That was the estimate I had of them before this bit of fool- shness came along. An effective antidote to this manifestation of ingratitude to those who have been willing to lay down their lives for country is con- :ained in the following Associated 'ress dispatch from Boston: "One of the nation's outstanding women aviators, Mrs. Theodore Teddy' Kenyon, revealed today that she and several other women were ireparing for war-time service, should they ever be needed. "Mrs. Kenyon, who holds several flight records and has been a regu- ar contestant in the national air races, said that the women pilots did net expect to do any. actual fighting. "Rather, she added, they would jilot new planes wherever needed, ;ransport wounded soldiers, carry dispatches and relieve male commercial pilots for fighting service. · "She agreed, she said, that women could not compete with men as fighters. " 'By nature and temperament,' she asserted, 'my sex can never compete with men in that line. We haven't the strength. But we can make good in other branches of the service.' "The aviatrix said groups of women now were forming flying clubs, each having about 20 members. Each group, she said, was contributing to a common fund, to purchase training planes." Incidentally, it could be pointed out that the average youngster affiliating with the "Veterans of Future Wars" on our college campuses these days has received twice as much in governmental subsidy for education as the average veteran has bad in war bonus. _o--· HANDS OF POLICE SHOULD BE HELD UI* gK have just read an editorial fgjji in an Iowa student paper in -*^ which there is objection to the local police methods in arresting traffic law violators. Instead of riding motorcycles or cars easily identifiable as police vehicles, the ' patrolmen are doing their cruising in ordinary passenger cars. "It's a dirty trick to slip up on motorists in this way," the editorial whines. This situation reminds me of an incident related here not long ago by John Hattery, chief of Iowa's state hig-hway patrol. An erring driver had been halted. "Didn't you see that stop sign?" the patrolman inquired. "Yes," said the motorist. "I saw the stop sign--but I didn't see you." Wouldn't it be better for this student editor to devote his efforts to an elimination of disregard for traffic rules--with tragic consequences for several students every year ? It would seem to me that the police of this college town should be given editorial support for their manifest wish to make driving less hazardous. IT WON'T BE BEST USE OF HIS VOICE ora.. note with interest that politi- jsfpcal oratory has become the ^^ new interest and ambition of John McCormack, great singer. News dispatches tell of his plan to renounce American citizenship and enter actively into the politics of his native Erin. I doubt if Mr. McCormack ever obtains the enjoyment from an attempt at a political career that he has been afforded by the use of his voice on tie concert stage. And I am confident the world will never receive the thrill from political speeches by the singer that they have obtained from his rendition of music. John McCormack in the field of statesmanship if he reaches that political plane will never be the idol of a following which will in aay way compare to that he has obtained in the role of a songbird. Although regretting his change of careers friends of Mr. McCormack will wish him luck in his essaying an entrance into the political arena. Answers to Questions By FREDEBIC .T. HASKLN PLEASE SOTE--A reader can set the answer to any question of fact hy writing Mason City Globe-Gazette · Information Bureau, Frederic il. Hasltin, Director, H'aslilnfrton, I?. C. Please inclosf three (3) cents tor reply. Is there any limit to the size ol electric signs on Broadway ? J. K. New York City laws forbid any advertising display taller than 75 feet and no sign can be more than a block long--Broadway blocks averaging 200 feet. Ust outstanding Jews given by Dr. Ludwig Lewisohn. E. H. Prof. Albert Einstein, scientist; Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, Sigmund Freud, Henri Bergson, philosopher and author; Martin Buber, .eacher of religious philosophy; Chaim Weizmann, president of World Zionists; Scholom Asch, writer; Arnold Schoenberg, ' com- oser and inventor, and Dr. Bernard Sondek, gynecologist. Where were the Mountains of the "Vloon? H. K. Described by Ptolemy as being in the interior ef Africa and containing the sources of the River Nile. They have disappeared from the modern map. How long was Dr. Mudd imprisoned on Dry Tortugas? J. H. Arrived at Fort Jefferson, Fla., July 24, 1865. Released from confinement as of March 8, 1869. Why was a statue erected to the late President Wilson in Poland? J. C. He was instrumental in establishing- new boundaries of Poland following the World war, when some of the territory which had once been Poland was returned.. When was an admission fee first charged for a baseball game'! H. D. July 20, 1859. The game was between the Brooklyn and New York teams on the Fashion race course on Long Island. Admission cost was 50 cents and 1,500 spectators paid. Which vitamins help the eyesight? E. H. Vitamin A is said to aid in prevention of eye diseases. How many churches in Washington, D. C. 1 ? M. S. About 400. Have the salaries of college presidents and professors been decreased in the last five or six years? M. L. In a report of salary data of 76 private colleges the office of education finds the median salary for presidents of privately controlled colleges dropped from $5,469 in 1929-30 to $3,708 in 1934-35. Salaries of deans were cut from S3,375 to $2,500, while professors' salaries were reduced from $3,030 to 52,336. How many serious earthquakes have been recorded? C. H. Professor Montessus, in his great world map recording earthquakes, lists more than 160,000 \vhich have been known to have disastrous ef- lects. The great earthquake zone includes the area of the Mediterranean Sea, the Azores, Italy, West Indies, Central America, Japan, China, India, Persia, Asia Minor, and various branches leading off the main faults in the earth's crust. The earthquake of Tokio, Japan, in 1923, is regarded as the greatest and most disastrous'in history. What is the new breed of cattle known as American Dairy? E. E. W. The Bureau of Dairy Industry says that the breed known as American Dairy is being produced experimentally by Mr. B. Parmalee Prentice at his dairy establishment, Mount Hope Farm, at Williamstown, Mass.-Mf. Prentice is crossbreeding Ayrsbires, Guernseys, and Holstein-Fresians, and the offspring is being termed American Dairy. ...'he experiment is still new and the breed is so far unrecognized. What is natural selection ? M. R. It is the process of nature by ·hich plants and animals best fitted to their environment tend to survive and to perpetuate the characteristics which enabled them to survive. What are the slang terms used for boys who sell newspapers? O. R. Some are: Newsies (regular boys), bootjackers (criers of extras), carriers (house-to-house delivery), route men (house-to-house delivery), and huskies (bundle delivery). GOING PLACES? Nearly everybody likes to follow the crowd. Nothing portrays the personality of a people like the events which bring them together in crowds. Their celebrations, carnivals, and mass gatherings, together with the purposes of their meetings, reflect many of their national characteristics. You must have this new booklet which tells about the big annual event in each state in the Union. Use coupon. The Masc-n City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith --cents for the booklets checked on the list below: --Annual Events · 10° --Natural Scenes .... lOc --Famous Places lOc Name Street City State (Mail to Washington. D. C.)

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