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E D I T O R I A L S -Iowa's Chance to Catch Up On Her Educational Program W ITH complete indorsement, the Globe-Gazette passes a l o n g this editorial by Editor W. H. Galbreth in the current issue of Midland Schools, publication of the Iowa State Teachers association, on proposed s c h o o l legislation Which-will be before the state assembly during the next few weeks: AT the time this m a g a z i n e rt reaches its readers, Iowa's 50 senators and 108 representatives will be settling down in Des Moines lor the 1945 legislative session. School people share with the general public an intense interest in this 2nd regular meeting of the general assembly during the present war. As citizens of Iowa and guardians of its future citizens, we are interested Â· in all legislation that will hasten the day of victory or prepare our state for the reconstruction period to follow. Naturally ouT'Chief concern in the coining session is in the report ot the Iowa school code commission. We see this proposed legislation as a wartime necessity and a peacetime imperative. The veterans of this war must return to a state that is educationally solvent. Their children must be guaranteed training that they can market at par. S INCE long before the creation of this code commission or the one_that preceded it, the Iowa State Tea'chers association has been calling attention to needed legislation to correct inherent weaknesses in Iowa education. Our interest in doing so is a professional one. It is the same as \that of a medical association in sounding the alarm on dangerous conditions of health and sanitation. It is similar to the part played by a bar association in directing public attention to outmoded and dangerous legal practices. It is like that of a ministerial group attacking flagrant offenses against public morals. It is significant, however, that the teachers of Iowa have not had to carry alone the ' b u r d e n of arousing the public to the need for constructive school legislation. Organizations representing over a half million Iowa voters have publicly gone on record in support of i the proposals of the code commission. Hundreds of editorials have been written favoring passage of the proposed bills. Legislators, themselves, who tave studied the report, have publicly stated their intentions to work for its adoption. Statewide polls of public opinion have given evidence that the major proposals in the report are favored by Iowa voters. A LL of this adds up .to one significant fact--that here is a piece of legislation that unquestionably has the approval of the majority of the voters of the state. Certainly it : will.be a dereliction of democratic government if a selfish or powerful minority is allowed to defeat it. To summarize some of the facts that has instilled confidence in this report and made it worthy of affirmative action by the 51st gen- checked its answer with the tax authorities of the state. The report shows that Iowa can support this irogram on a permanent basis without adding new taxes. The fact is that Iowa's educa- ional ills must be remedied NOW. When a third of the state's teachers leave the 'profession in one year to accept positions of higher ay and greater social security, it is time for action. When, iu the text year, '1 out of every 6 is caching on a sub-standard cer- ificate in spite of the fact that bwa ranks among the 5 low states in certificate .requirements, the situation is serious. When Iowa's state support of schools is grossly inadequate, and when the state perpetuates hundreds of school districts that are educationally and economically inefficient, the problem needs attention. [OWA stands at the threshold of ' educational history. The year ahead is a fateful one for her boys and girls. It is the opportunity of i lifetime to provide for them, a ifetime of opportunity. eral assembly: 1. The personnel of the code commission was wisely chosen to co-ordinate the best judgment of the legislature and the voting public. Two members were selected from each house of the general assmbly, and 3 members were appointed from outside that group by the governor. The appointees included 3 lawyers, 2 farm people, 1 schoolman and 1 salesman. The commission worked with the assistance of the attorney general's office, the code editor, the state department of public instruction, the state institutions of higher learning, and other individuals and organizations. It utilized the report of the previous code commission, thereby realizing the benefits of the 2 preceding years of intensive research. 2. The legislators and the public- have had ample opportunity to become informed on the provisions of this report. It was in the hands of the governor July 1,1944. Copies have been printed and distributed to legislators and interested people throughout the state. At least 180,000 pieces of educational literature have been printed for public consumption. Thousands of inches of news articles and editorials have appeared in the public press, giving information and expressing views on all sides of the questions involved. Hundreds of radio broadcasts have served the same purpose. 3. More than a dozen organizations representing more than a half million Iowa voters have gone on'record as supporting the recommendations included in the code commission's report. The organizations include the American Association of University Women, the Iowa Federation of Business and Professional Women's clubs, the Lowa Congress of Parents and Teachers, the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation, the Iowa Congress o! Industrial organizations, the Iowa Federation of Labor, the Iowa THEWOtF Your Health 3y Logan Clendening, M. D. CONTROL OF CANCER - i"Â±iE campaign'for the control of 1 cancer is undoubtedly the next important business of the health authorities of the world. We have means to control it in as good a proportion of cases as, for instance, we can control pneumonia provided the public is educated to get over its tear of cancer and take proper steps for treatment early enough. The three great types of serious disease are the infections, the neo- plasms (including cancer) and the degenerations. A hundred and fifty years ago the wisest doctors in the world had them all confused and were as helpless to control any of them as a child alone on a darkling heath. Thenj in 1798, came the announcement of the control of one of the infections--smallpox. One after the other the nature of the infections became clear--t h e y were'due to this or the. other kind of germ, they could be controlled by one means or,another: Only a few are left which entirely escape us. Best of all, most of them can be controlled by Public Health 1 officers. The public does not have io be educated painfully generation after generation about purifying the water supply to control typhoid. The difficulty of the matter of cancer control is that the education of the public must be widespread so that each afflicted person will recognize the danger enough to seek treatment that will be successful. The nature of cancer is entirely different from the infections. No germs are involved, at least none have'been identified, and we cannot turn off some central force, like water pollution, which will protect all possible victims. Because the nature of the infections which, as I say, we have almost conquered and of the process of inflammation which is the tissue change they cause, is fundamentally different from the tissue changes of cancer. In inflammation the body cells react to an injury and the ultimate end of their reaction is healing. In cancer the cells begin to multiply for no known reason and there is no element of healing in their intentions; what they aim at is destruction. It is in the nature of body cells to multiply. We each began as a single cell and became lull grown organisms by the rapid multiplication and differentiation of that cell. But somewhere in the process some tissue tension began so Pros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges Â·Don't Make Excuses, Make Good" Eagle Grove Eagle: Army intel- .gence is taking an awful beating, lerhaps deserved, perhaps unjus- ified under the circumstances, 'he intelligence "branch of the irmy is supposed to know what he enemy is up to. Sunposed to know what they are planning to o, with what, and how much. In war theaters no excuse is accep- able. "Intelligence" should have mown the Germans were massing trength in the forests .along the st arniy front. Intelligence was upposed to know this despite the act that the weather was so atrocious that all planes were [rounded, during the periods of og, rain and snow storms, along a front stretching, say from Eagle Grove to St. Louis. Intelligence did not accomplish the impossible and heads have and will fall. The old rule, "don't make excuses, make good," is in full effect in war time. Not So Queer Decorah Public Opinion: We iometimes wonder why men go on tilling each other in war, but vhen we stop to consider the lobby sox swooners, the Clark "Jable coat-snatchers, and the re- ent Lupe Velez mourner-rioters, who knocked over gravestones seriously injuring themselves to !et a look at the dead woman, we don't wonder so much. latipning Revisions Sfbux Falls Argus-Leader: Ha- :ioning, of course, is a nuisance but there are so many things in war that are much more than just a nuisance that no criticism oÂ£ the aasic method is in order. , - ,,,,_,. _,, Federation oÂ£ Women's clubs, the!that the process of multiplication Iowa League of Women Voters, the Iowa State Grange, the Iowa State Teachers association, the Iowa Department of Veterans of Foreign Wars and Auxiliaries, the Iowa Library association and the Iowa Society for Crippled Children and the Disabled. realize that there will be many d e m a n d s for special legislation in the coming session. We appreciate the fact that the comfortable balance in the Iowa state treasury has been widely publicized. We know that there will be numerous claims for any surplus funds. We respectfully call attention, however, to the fact that school legislation has a prior claim to a share of these funds. Sound budgetary practice has always demanded that legislators ask, "Where is the money coming from?" The code commission has a n s w e r e d that question and was stopped. Some of us got to be five feet and one and it stopped and some o[ us got to be six feel three and it stopped. This tissue tension, this tendency of cell proliferation to stop when it has fulfilled its function is very mysterious. It is entirely absent in the cell multiplications of cancer and that is what makes cancer itself such a mystery, and also such a problem. There are certain places when this cell multiplication is mosi frequently likely to start and alsc the places where it is most readily treated, and these places we can all watch. One is the skin anc particularly the exposed parts o the skin--the face, at the corners of the lips, eyelids and the hands Any sore in these regions which does not show a tendency to heal or weeps, or breaks open time afte: time needs medical attention. An other is the breast, which I wil discuss in more detail tomorrow Our Mail Bag 4-F LABOR DRAFT 7LDORA--High in the list of pro- !Â·* posed legislation before our new congress is the proposal of :he WMC to draft 4-Fs into essential or war jobs. This proposal has caught the attention of national and local leaders as one means of asing our labor shortage. This Dill will go a long way but the results can never offset the bad effects it will have on the home front. To be a 4-F is to'be a social sroblem, from the standpoint of :he services, the WMC and the iome front. It is easier for a 4-F to get and hold work but that is little :onsolation for many of them. The 'act that something has to be done as concerns the 4-Fs has only made this class of loyal Americans a ;reater social problem. What the WMC, now proposes is a bill to draft into war work a class of Americans and not just a group or cross section that is best suited for war work. In making the 4-Fs the butt of special social legislation we are making them the scapegoat for our refusal to accept an adequate draft law. A 4-F looks upon himself as atie who has been turned down by nis fellow countrymen as tmfit to serve his country in time of war The dastardly proposal before our congress is labeling him a slacker There are those rejected for service that have not gone into war work and these few, notably those with popularity professions such as acting, sports, etc., are causing the great majority of hard working 4-Fs to become a class of citizens most looked down upon. This will continue until congress acts wisely and toward efficiency concerning our labor shortage. There are other groups in our midst that might easily attract attention by their absence from the war plants. One of these, if we might point out without being accused of false criticism, is the vast unemployed and often delinquent war wives living from ~a federal dole. Those who are unable to fill war jobs or who do fill war jobs are not under criticism here. The point here is that this group of dole supported wives have not been suggested as pork lor our manpower barrel. If the drafting of 4-Fs into war work is unfair social legislation, then the only alternative is the common labor draft first asked for by our leaders. The original proposal is destined for argument K against this newer social mislegis- lation. This is as it should be. Congress will have before it a choice of putting into action a strictly social bill that will not solve our problem or passing an overall labor draft that will solve the problem to all necessary advantage. LOYAL E. LEWEN Did You Know? By The Haskfn Service ED ITCH'S NOTE--Keiien ivaUlor thenuelves of tfaly terrlea far Question* of fact--DQI eouDsel--K0KU ilfn their fall iiime nd addreit Ut4 inclose 3 c e n t s for return potUtje. Ad6reÂ» Globe-Gazette Knfonutlon B u e * ' U . What is meant by "heldentenor" and tenor "robusfo?" The term "heldentenov" means dramatic tenor. A tenor "robus- to" is one whose voice Is especially firm and bold. What was the first industry In the United States? It was a glass bottle factory erected in the Virginia colony soon after 1607. What does "octane number" mean? It is a measure of the antiknock quality of a gasoline. Is St. Peter's church in Rome a part of Vatican City? Although the church and the square are within the boundaries of the state of Vatican City, they are 'not considered part of the Vatican. What is the greatest depth reached by a diver? Simulated dives. have been made to a depth of 500 feet; actual dives, to a depth of 440 feet. What Is the record egg production by one hen in one-year? The record is 351 eggs,' produced by a Hhode Island Red in 1942-43. After a man is killed in action, will, payments on the insurance policy be made orit to his wife on entering the service be continued If she marries again? The Veterans' Administration says that payments on a national service life insurance policy are not affected in any way by remarriage of jthe widow. Are prisoners of war detained in camps required to salute their captors? Â· . Article 18 of- the Geneva Convention provides that prisoners of war must salute all officers of the detaining power. Officers who are prisoners of war are bound to salute only officers of a higher ^or equal rank of that power. Where may a wife purchase for her husband amphibious insignia of the navy? In general, amphibious insignia are available at navy small stores located near amphibious bases. The husband is the only person authorized to purchase these insignias for himself. Sale to civilians is not authorized. What insects have been domesticated .by man? The bee and the silkworm. REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO A general slump in all farm produce and a rise of necessities gives rise to questions in the mind of the housekeeper who^is trying to make both ends meet. Sugar is selling now at the grocers at only 12 pounds for the $1 . Few of the Buyers know how many pounds they are purchasing when the grocer does up the package , . . The best grades of flour cost $1.75 a sack which makes high bread . . . Tops in hogs are quoted at $4.15 per hundred, rabbits will get $1 per dozen. Clear Lake is to have a new assistant principal for the high school in the person of Miss Evelyn Wilson oÂ£ Grinnell. THIRTY YEARS AGO The Rev. William J. Minchin of Ames who has been called by the Congregational church of this city has accepted the call, the committee having received his formal acceptance of the pastorate Wednesday morning. The evening meeting of the Interstate Trail Boosters at the Cecil theater was one of the warmest good times ever experienced at a public meeting at Mason City. It was a combination of a revival service and a political rally in enthusiasm and fun . . . Senator Lafayette Young had for his subject "Good Roads, Good Homes and Good Iowa." TWENTY YEARS AGO Lowell L. Forbes, local attorney and former commander of Clausen-Worden post of the American Legion, was Wednesday morning appointed mayor to fill out the unexpired-term of the late J. H McGhee. The appointment was announced by E. J. Patton, commissioner of public safety. Los Angeles--That internationally famous bird, the stork, is fluttering about the home ot Charles Chaplin, the Los Angeles Times Said today, quoting as its authority Mrs. Chaplin, who until her marriage to the film comedian in Mexico last November was Lita Grey, his 16 year old leading woman. TEN YEARS AGO The quickly changing strength of the ice on Willow creek and its hazards for skaters were indicated Saturday afternoon when two skaters went through near the footbridge where, the previous day, the ice had been strong enough to support a group. The two who went through the ice were Orris Herfindahl and Dorothy Evans. Two Mason City boys, one of whom is H. G. R. Crabb, 802 Del a%vare N. Â£., will leave here Sun day, Jan. 13, for San Diego, Cal. where they will begin the training course in the United States Nava school. Furrowed Fancies By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center MAX'S FOLLY OBSERVING Sighs From a Jockey direct your attention to Jockey Bobby Permane, sitting glumly In the Flor:da sunshine. He sighs to the depths of his small and now use- ess frame and sadly confesses to reporters that he doesn't plan to work in a war plant during the racing ban "because all I know is Â·iding." "It would be a waste oÂ£ time for a factory to train me, because the emergency would be over before I could become valuable," he.in- sists. .. Jockey Permane probably is correct in his appraisal of himself, t would be difficult to figure out how anybody with his attitudes ever could become valuable to his country. He and we are all possi- ily better off with him ignored, hough a lad with his eyes shot out or another with both legs gone may \vant to wonder sometimes vhy the sun-soaking jockey gets o share all the benefits the legless and eyeless ones have assured to he rest of us, the sun-soaker included. He is mentioned here only be- p cause, very.sadly, he typifies, if not in person, at least in thought, the spirit of too many hÂ«me front- ers, slightly annoyed at rationing and kindred restrictions, but refusing to get too bothered, about doing anything useful because "A Hospital Cot Preaches Safety a Lot" Cerro Gordo County Safety Council 'the emergency will be over soon anyway." As the general in Baslogne said: 'Nuts!" The emergency isn't going to be over for a long, long time the length depending too much on how many feet like Jockey Permane's are allowed to keep dragging. --y-"Mother" Von NMI shall be missing those marvelous letters I received from time to time from Mrs. Hegina Van Ness. She complimented me by including me among her "boys." Usually her little notes were in praise. On occasion, however, when I had it coming, there was a note of kindly censure. An amazing soul she was. Despite her more than 4 score years, she clung to her interest in life and living. This was reflected in a letter written to her pastor not so long before her passing. She wondered if he couldn't find something more for her to do! You Can't 8Â« SurÂ« pass along this little yarn supposed to have had its setting at an'American war plant. A visitor turned to one of the workers and remarked: " "Look' at that youngster--the 1 with the cropped hair, the cigaret and the trousers. It's hard to tell whether it's a boy or a girl." "Well, she's a girl and she's my daughter," tile war worker replied testily. : "My dear sir, do forgive me," the visitor said. "I would not have been so outspoken had I known you were her father." "I'm not her father. I'm her mother," the war worker said _v-Ode to a Rot I wish I knew who is the author of the following bit of rhyme. Td like to give credit for the good chuckle I've had from it: A Â»uIUo at oJJi with hi. k.rem. Thought of way he contd scÂ«iem He eftrht fafm * mouse Set 1C loot* In the, home ThM sUrtJnr the tint hiren-icirem. Information, Please! 1. What artist signed his correspondence and paintings with a little drawing of a butterfly? 2. Pinochio is a marionette, hero of a child's tale. What is finochio? 3. Who were Frans Hals, Meindert Hobbema and Peter Paul Rubens? ANSWERS--1, James Whistler; Z, An herb, als'o known as "the sweet fennel;" 3, They were all famous painters To ROGER PATTON--for taking over the gavel as president of the Kiwams club, succeeding W. M. Huffman, who has piloted the organization the past year with fine success. Whether Kiwanians Â°. r " ot - we can Join in backing the club objectives for 1945, which are Wm the War and Build for The Doy's Bouquet Mason City Gtobe-Gozetta An A. W. LEE Monday, --- -- Jan. 8, 1945 i-r ,Â£"* " wcond-class rattler April 17, 1930, at the postoffice at Mason City Iowa, under the act of March 3 187fr MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use tor republlcatlon oÂ£ all newÂ« dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local new* published herein, SUBSCRIPTION RATES Miton Clly ml Clear Ljkt br ieÂ«r, 11* Mmsoa City and CItÂ»r Lake iy week, 20* OutiM* 100 Mite Zone-- Per year 1106 months *5.50; 3 months W; 1 month ti. Outside Mjuon City and Clear lake u4 Within 160 Miles a aiuon C\\r and Cut- lid* Â·! the Carrier DlflHcU Â·! UaÂ» Clly and Clear Lake: -- -- w Per year by carrier' ................ $1000 Per week fcy carrier .............. jo Per year by null ...,., .......... $7.00 By mail 6 months ,,..,... .,..,,,. 9 3 7 5 By mall 3 months .:... ........... * 2.00 TO kin in Â» me When Iher mlfht stay at omÂ« And die of eld *ge? And why climb op trees To jcather Ihe fruit When tt foil* by itclf %V.h*n ripened Io soil? Why run after women As men otttn do Since she a I d yon Ignore them ' They run afler your TIHT,CHESTS*/ NEAZ BV NOW.,. AMY y AND THE am, RM, WHOM HE IS iNS TO-KES* FKQW RHLUNS INTO TrlE HANDS OF THE JAPS ON THE ISLAND...KAVc BEEN AA\3USHED BY A SKOND SEARCH FWJTy- KEEP ONB TOR THESE i ear MV PACKAGES^ ER__AH__IFYCUU. EXCUSE MS,tBaiE THAT'LL GO SVVEU. PlNEAPPLE ?Â· WITH SWEET VANO IF M/ NOSE POTATOES' AND THOSE APPLES- , I't-L 1W MY RESPECTS TO MIS B=FIE BRO4D- COOT!.,! REAUyoWE Â·mE VOUNG LADV r A VISIT"' GREAT GUNSf HOLD OM.' HAVE I- LOST MY WTS?/WHAT'S j^ALL I ANDYOU CAN 1IFEEL LIKE A CNIRHJr.lSMOOIHOUT.'IrW THE . ONCE MORE! DM)! A- ,^^F^L. ANDTvffi. THE JUDGE OF A MATTER ' HAT'5 RATHER =\ DAD?V^ DUKE, TrWriSM'T FAIR/fBUT HTH VOU ATTACKED 5lRGAkV; WORTHED FROM THE REAR/-^? ATTACKED MY jczzsi HO?THEFROM THE ' REAR/ AHD WOW I'M G01WG- TO--/ SIR QAVOC/ T MR. HORACE' DO gTU^SOMETH,^/ THOTHS HORSE Hffl BEEH RENDERED COMBAT BVT THE Â·PUGNACIOUS . sumac OAKVWnH HIS LANCE\-9 .- SUI2E.'S1S ISSPOILED I USED TO 8E ASIH TO HANDLE THE K1O-MABE -- LCAN PRY HECS JAWS LOOSE. . ANDHSACSrRONG.' SOMVSSTEJ? HELPED HSe TOVOUSGlRL USc TOLWNG TO QAQ HE LEAV1NG- B/E NOW T1M6K. YOU COULDNT HAVE BUILT ALL YOUR SPACE SHIPS W.ONE.' OF COURSE NOT .BRICK.' YOU - ECML THE MEMBERS OF ORKTONS GMIG YOU CMTURÂ£0 AND S6HT THROUGH THE CRYfTA.L DOOR? THOUGH NONE TOO 8RRINY, THOfE GMSSTER5 HfWÂ£ PROVED TO BE VALUABLE HELPERS.' T rfOlfLO HAVE BffOt/GHT VOtf t/P HEPS IH THE STAT1OH f/AGOti,Bffr I THOUGHT THIS WOULD BE MOBS FM! DKME is Ori rMV TO w/s HOME, THE KtdlCHOF MEPPITT BllTLEl?