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. Â·Â·iUO''J E i Â·:; ;.; c Â·:, '. f'T C F NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED W1HB SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1936 THIS* PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 159 DEFENSE PACT URGED FOR AMERICAS \ u I BE PLEDGED TO AID EACH OTHER Proposal Made to F. R. by President Ubico of Guatemala. By STANLEY P. RICHARDSON (CTnjiyrisht, I93R. b.v Tlln Associated rrosji) WASHINGTON, (JPl--A concert of American nations, pledged to mutual assistance in case oC foreign aggression, has been proposed to President Roosevelt by Gen. Jorge XJbico, president of the republic of Guatemala. The plan, presented for consideration by the all-American peace conference to be held this summer at Buenos Aires, in effect would call upon all the nations of Central and South America for their adherence to the Monroe Doctrine. Court of Justice. To preserve peace among the American nations themselves, the Guatemalan chief executive suggested a permanent court of inter- American justice, modeled generally after the world court at the Hague, with jurisdiction to settle by arbitration all disputes among them. President Ubico's proposals were submitted in the form of a suggested draft covenant, included in his formal acceptance of President Roosevelt's invitation to the conference. Th'ey first must be approved by the conference agenda committee before they can become a part of the program. "Mutual Co-Operation." He advocated a general treaty of "solidarity and mutual co-operation." It would be an' organic -sys- tenrof inter-American-Iegislation designed-to maintain .peace; promote commerce, advance the development of communications and contribute to the cultural and social welfare of the respective countries. The proposed mutual assistance clause says: "Considering interventions or aggressions by any foreign power against any of them a danger to the integrity and sovereignty of the nations of this continent, they obligate themselves to place all their resources in defense of the rights of the injured party." Follows Monroe Doctrine. Senor Don Adrian Recinos, Guatemalan minister to Washington, explained that acceptance of this provision by the other nations would constitute multilateral adherence to the Monroe Doctrine, now a fundamental principle of United States foreign policy. Hitherto, some resentment has been manifested by some Latin- American governments because it was felt that the United States had assumed through the doctrine to act as the guardian of the new world. President Roosevelt's "good neighbor" policy is designed primarily to remove any such feeling. Illinois Birthplace of Senator Borah Prepares Welcom* Proposes Alliance GEN. JORGE UBICO NEW SANCTIONS MAY BE SOUGHT Threat Against Italy Seen at Geneva If Moves for Peace Fail. By JOSEPH E. t'aAKKEY (Copyright:. JfKtfi, by The AMOrlatcMl I'rcsfi.) GENEVA--New negotiations for peace between Italy and Ethiopia may start in Geneva next Tuesday under the threat that, if they fail, new sanctions may be decreed against Italy. The "committee of 13," of the league, of nations which adjourned Â·Friday =to meet next Thursday, requested that Dr. Augusto Vasconcellos of Portugal, president of the league's sanctions committee, convoke that body "when he considers its useful in the interest of peace." It was also decided that the members of the sanctions commit- te should be warned that their presence may be required at any moment. Plans Puppet Emperor, Unconfirmed reports circulated among the delegates that Premier Mussolini intends to enthrone a puppet emperor of Ethiopia at Dessye when and if his solders subjugate the last strongholds of Emperor Haile Selassie's forces. The session of the committee of 13, composed of every member of the league council except Italy, was marked by wrangling between Anthony Eden, British foreign secretary, and Pierre-Etienne Flandin, French foreign minister. Eden insisted that the committee of 13, through Salvador de Mad- ariag-a, its inked, with secause the president, should be all peace negotiations Ethiopians have an- FAIRFIELD. (JPi--Fair-field prepared a homecoming welcome today for its most famovis native son- United States Senator William E. Borah, who will return to his southern Illinois birthplace here Saturday in his campaign for the republican presidential nomination. It will be the Idaho senator's first visit here in 14 years, and virtually all of the city's 3,000 inhabitants will be out- to greet him. EASTER PARADE SUNDAY 1 More Shopping Day Until EASTER nounced that they will refuse any direct contact with Italian plenipotentiaries, at least for the pres- ;nt, and that league representatives must always be present at the negotiations. French Favor Italy. Flandin remarked that if the Ethiopians persisted in this attitude, everyone would know who was responsible for he continuation of the war. The French diplomat said that some direct negotiations were inevitable. Eden retorted that the was was a clear case of aggression with the victim appealing to the league of nations for help. "And the league must help!" declared Eden. The British cabinet minister moved that the committee of 13 should not adjourn at all, but should remain in Geneva. .Flandin opposed his motion. A compromise was reached by which the committee will meet next Thursday. To Demand Action. The impression which prevailed in league circles was that if. by that date, there were no indications of peace within a reasonable period, or that negotiations showed no hope of succeeding because of Italian opposition, the British would demand new and drastic action. "Not an hour can be wasted," said Eden, opposing an indefinite adjournment of the committee and acceptance by de Madariaga of Premier Mussolini's invitation for him to go to Rome if he wanted to talk peace. It was finally agreed that Mussolini would be requested to have plenipotentiaries in Geneva next Tuesday and that de Madariaga should, with both Italians and Ethiopians around him at the conference table, get down to the business of peace talk. Old Resident Dips. CLINTON, (.-PI--One of Clinton'.oldest residents, William Daley. 99. j d i e d here after an illness of several weeks. Mexico Exiles Its Former President 5,000 FILE PAST BIER OF FORMER Hindenburg HomeAhead of Schedule By MELVIN K. WHITELEATHEK (rot'.vrii;hl, lj):tfi. by Tlic AsHoclalcrt 1'rensl FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, The Zeppelin Hindenburg landed here at 6:30 p. m., (11:30 a. m., Central Standard Time) Friday, completing a round trip to Rio de Janeiro. The big airship made its landing far ahead of schedule due. strangely enough, to mo'tor trouble. It had been scheduled to come into its home port Saturday morning, after a flight aimtnd the coast of France and up the English channel. Cut Across France. However, engine difficulty was experienced as the Hinclenbur passed over Morocco on its way north and the ship changed its course to cut across France comin home. Reports t h a t the Zeppelin was having trouble were not confirmed officially for a long time. For 14 hours--since it first became known that the Hindenburg had asked the French government tor permission to fly over France on the shortest route to Friedrichsafen --the officials had denied reports of engine trouble aboard the ship. One Motor Out. Capt. Hans von Schiller, commander of the Graf Zeppelin, companion ship to the Hindenburg, said the new zeppelin finally reported early Friday that one motor had gone out completely, and that the second was functioning improperly. -Cagtain von Schiller said the French government had granted permission to the Hindenburg to use the regular route of the Graf Zeppelin up the Rhone valley "as an exception, for the ship was in trouble." Take Shorter Course. The condition of the engines and storms over Biscay Bay, in the Atlantic between France and Spain, the captain said, made it desirable however, for the Hindenburg to take the shorter Rhone course home. This cut 800 kilometers from its original course, west of France, by way of the English channel and the Netherlands. Carrying 38 passengers and a crew of 40, the Hindenburg reported it had resorted to the Rhone route, with France's permission, after first plotting another path over the Mediterranean, Italy, and Switzerland. This route, however, would have necessitated a crossing of the Alps. CALLES ARRIVES AT BROWNSVILLE WITH 3 ADVISERS Former "Strong Man" of Nation Arrested m Surprise Coup. By CLARK LEE (Coiiyrlitlil, l!:m, II.Y T h e - A M f i c l n l r d PrÂ»Â») BROWNSVILLE, Tex., (.Tl--Plutarco Elias Calles, former president of Mexico, accompanied by three of his former political aides, being forcibly e x i l e d from Mexico, arrived here by airplane from Mexico City at 12:50 p. m. Central Standard T i m e Friday. United States customs and immigration m e n met the exiles' plane a t P a n American airport and cleared them through the en- t r y regulations as fast as possible. Taxis were j the one time Mexico and his ON THE INSIDE EDWARD J. HASKIN Garner's Last Civil War Vet, 100, Dies ON PAGE 16 Iowa Sports Editors Like Cards .for Tops ON PAGE 9 Globe-Gazette Hunts for Baseball Talent ON PAGE 9 Hugh Johnson Scores Work Relief Program ON P A G E ; Third Brick and Tile Unit Put in Operation ON PAGE 11 Winter Wheat Crop to Exceed Year Ago ON PAGE .14 CALLES waiting to bring "strong man" of ousted supporters to the city. Exiled with the former president were Luis Morones, former minister of labor, Luis Leon, former minister of-the-interior and-agriculture,:-and Fafael Melchor Ortega, former governor of Guanajuato. Facilitate Their Entrance. Immigration and customs officials had arranged to facilitate the entrance into the United States of Calles and his fellow exiles. If their papers were in order, no difficulty was expected. No arrangements had been made by the party to leave Brownsville immediately either by plane or train. General 'Calles said he probably would go to San Diego, CaL, to live with his daughter, Mrs. Josefina Torre Blanca. Technically, Calles and his party were in Mexico until passed by the United States customs and immigration officials although the Mexico City plane did not land at Ma- :amoros, across the Rio Grande from Brownsville, but landed directly at the airport here. Seven Officers in Guard. Seven army officers guarded Calles and his three followers in the plane flight from Mexico City. The big tri-motored ship took off from the Mexican capital at 8:12 a. m., after the Calles group had been secretly arrested after midnight. Soldiers took Calles into custody at his Santa Barbara ranch outside the capital, advising him he was to be exiled "because the conditions of the country so .demand." Eduardo Hay, Mexican minister of foreign relations, who held the same post under Calles. had the opportunity to meet his former chief here Friday, should he desire. Enroute to Brownsville. Hay, accompanied by Gov. Enrique Canseco of the state of Tarn- aulipas, was. reported enroute to Brownsville from Laredo, A number of Mexican consuls gathered here Thursday to greet Hay and Canseco. They expected to confer about flood control work along the lower Rio Grande, but both Hay and Canseco failed to arrive. The arrests followed the publication of charges by the left wing of the chamber of deputies that Calles was responsible for the bombing of the Vern Cruz train last Monday in which 12 persons were killed. The leftists also claimed that he was fomenting anti-govcrnrnciit agitation in an attempt to provoke the intervention of the United States in Mexico. Had Lost Control. J Ostensibly, General Calles had refrained from political activity since December when he returned from six months' voluntary exile the United States after losing his control over the nation's politics last June. The government, however, apparently feared he was trying to regain ' his old political power through the regional confederation of workers and peasants, which has been controlled by Morones. As a result. General Lazaro Cardenas, the president of thp republic, ordered the arrests, which were carried out with the strictest Britt Pays Last Tribute to Its First Citizen IN THE PICTURES TOP PHOTO--The flag draped coffin containing the body of former Governor John Hammill is sho\vn here as it was being brought from the Methodist church in Britt, following a service directed by the three pastors in the foreground, thc^Rev. C. N. McMillan, Britt, left; the Kev. A. A. Brooks, Cedar Rapids, center, and the Rev. G. W. Eggleston, Pierson, right. BOTTOM PHOTO--At the left are shown Major Frank B. Hal lagan and Mrs. Hammill, fillowcd by Mr. and Mrs. Charles \V Ity of St. Paul In the mourners' p\ x;es- slon. Mr. Heltj is a nephe, of Mrs. Hammill. (photos b3' L\ ik, Engravings by Kayenay.) (OTHER PICTURES ON PAGE 3) !N FOR IOWA Warmer Temperatures Will Continue Saturday, Says Weatherman. DES MOINES, (/Pi--Partly cloudy to cloudy weather, designed to produce "April sprinkles." if not "April showers," the weatherman said, will continue Saturday along with warmer temperatures. "In fact," he said, "barring setbacks spring seems to have taken over the season." ' Several points reported traces of rain Thursday night, while Inwood's 28 was the low temperature early Friday and the 66 recorded at Atlantic. Clarinda and Marshalltown, was Thursday's high. Temperatures were to, hold above freezing Friday night over all the state, the weatherman said. 20 Birds Float Down River on Single Log CAIRO. III.. (.Pi--A family of 20 floated down the flooded Mississippi on one log Friday. They were water birds, too smart to fly when they could ride. They floated for miles, perched in single formation, beaks outstretched, like Vikings on the hunt. Rivermen said the fright was unusual. recy. Rome Pervaded by Mournful Silence ROME, (.P--A mournful silence pervaded Rome Frida v as devout Catholics flocked to the city's 400 churches for traditional Good Frid a y s e r v i c e s commemorating Christ's sacrifice for mankind. Particularly from noon until 3 p. m.--the hours the Savior hung on the cross--the streets of the city sec- wrre hiwhcrl by suspension of ordin T/^Weather FORECAST IOWA: Partly cloudy to cloudy Friday night and Saturday; slightly cooler in south-central portion, rising temperature in extreme northwest portions Friday night; warmer Saturday. MINNESOTA: P a rtly cloudy to cloudy Friday night and Saturday; slightly warmer in east and south Friday night and in extreme east Saturday; colder Saturday in northwest. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Friday morning: Maximum Thursday 60 Above Minimum in Night 3~ Above At 8 A. M. Friday 40 Above Rainfall .07 of an Inch Report Relations of Japanese, Russians PRESIDENT BACK IN WASHINGTON Returns in Good Health and Humor From His 20 Day Fishing Trip. WASHINGTON, ;PI -- President Roosevelt reached the capital at 12:35 p. m. (Central Standard Time) Friday after a 20 day fishing trip in the south. The president, appearing in excellent health and humor, was met at the station by Mrs. Roosevelt, Vice President Gamer, and five members of the cabinet: Secretaries Hull, Morgenthau, Wallace, Dern and Attorney General Cumrnings. Mrs. Roosevelt, with the vice president, went aboard the train immediately. The chief executive left the capital March 22 after three times delaying his departure because of flood conditions. On his return journey he surveyed storm stricken areas in Georgia. Garner shook hands with Mr. Roosevelt on the platform of his car. MOSCOW, .P) _ Relations between soviet Russia and Japan have been aggravated further, an official soviet statement said Friday, by a "veritable blockade" against the soviet embassy in Tokio. All Japanese employes of the soviet embassy have been arrested, j the statement said, on the grounds t:Â«at an espionage nest had been uncovered in the embassy. IOWA GOVERNOR John Hammill Honored at Funeral Services at Britt. By STAFF REPRESENTATIVE BRITT--Stale officials, associates in a vigorous political life, Masonic and Eastern star groups and neighbors gathered Here Thursday afternoon to pay their last respects to former Gov. John Hammill. A crowd estimated at 2.000 attended the rites held in the M. E. church and broadcast by loudspeakers in the Congregational and First Lutheran churches as well as to those who stood outside the churches. While the body lay in state during the day. it was estimated that 5,000 fi!ed past the bier to see the body of former Governor Hammill. National Guardsmen stood at either end of the casket. Tributes paid to the man who had served Iowa as governor for three terms eulogized his public life and his life as a Britt citizen. The funeral cortege consisted of the local lodge of A. F. and A. M., Order of Eastern Star, Knights Templar, 60 members of Mason City national guard companies and hundreds of cars. Brooks Delivers Sermon. Dr. Arthur A. Brooks, pastor of St. Paul's M. E. church of Cedar Rapids, pointed out that the community of Britt, where former Governor Hammill was known as a bov where he began his public life and where he had practiced law and fulfilled a career as civic builder, was a fitting place to express appreciation for his life. "I believe that former Governor Hammill jives more abundantly this afternoon," Dr. Brooks continued. "This gathering is a tribute to his wonderful career. In the passing of this great and good man I speak a friend's and a state's sympathy." Dr. Brooks told how he first met Governor Hammill 16 years ago in Fort Dodge, when after a pleasant conversation with his friend, he later learned that Mr. Hamraill was a candidate for lieutenant governor. Although Mr. Hammill had not asked for his vote, Dr. Brooks said he was certain to receive it. Friends in Des Moincs. Then Dr. Brooks told of the five years when he was serving a Des Moines church and Mr. Hammill was governor. The intimate friendship which developed between the two men brought to Dr. Brooks a deep appreciation of the true worth of former Governor Hammill. Mentioning the suddenness of 'ormer Governor Hammill's death. Dr. Brooks said it had come as a distinct shock to him. "Former Governor Hammill had always seemed man of rock and oak," was how Dr. Brooks gave his opinion of the former governor's physical vigor. How Mr. Hammill, as governor, had carefully weighed the large number of appointments he had to make to the supreme court and district court benches was pointed out by Dr. Brooks, who said the governor had told him how in every instance he had tried to pick the best man for the office. How satisfactory these had proved to be, he said, was shown in later years. Courts Are for Poor. "John Hammill never failed me," Dr. Brooks continued. "I like to remember what he said when he was wrestling with the problem of making an appointment to the supreme bench. " "The courts,' he slid, 'are not essentially for protection of the strong or the rich, but rather for the defense of the weak and the poor.' "Sometimes men said he was too deliberate. Yet he held his long purpose like a growing tree. He made a great contribution to his state. In his political life we looked to him as a landmark and a directing hand. , He was great because he loved and n f f l Firp I serve d n Â°t himself but others." Ulel 1 He j xot Shrewd Politician. BLOOMSBURG, Pa., (/Pi--Fire Dr - Brooks told of a wide ac- that swept Fisher's hotel early Fri- quaintance among public officials, day burned one person to death and "Former Governor Hammill wag Fire Chief William Davenport said I not as shrewd a politician as roost he believed there was another b o d y j o f them. He was not as great an Further Aggravated Woman Is Burned to ary activity. 95 Year Old Twins Call lowans Infants PITTSBURGH, iff)--"Merc infants." the Pulaski, Iowa, 91 year old twins, said Mrs. Mary J. Reetor and Mrs. Nanry J. Taylor, Pittsburgh twins whn celebrated their I ninety-fifth birthday last Christmas. n ID in the building. Davenport said a | orator. But I know of his great sin- body identified as that of a Mrs. ! ccr 'ty and tn e value of his achievc- Lehman of Bloomsberg had been re- n 10 "^"- There was not a strain on. covered. t h e trust the public placed on him. He led a blameless life." Former Governor Hammill's homo was his refuge of inspiration. Dr. Brooks continued. In his home ho also received comfort and strength. Dr. Brooks offered sympathy to the widow, who had been ''his helpmate in a vigorous and helpful life." The Rev. C. N. McMillan, pastor of the Britt M. E. church, read an obituary of former Governor H a m mill. He spoke of M i . H n m m i l l ' s life as a citizen, p o i n t i n g out t h Â« t at the time of his death he was Unidentified Man Is Killed by Automobile WATERLOO, .P--An unidentified man was fatally injured on highway 218 near Waterloo Thursday night when struck by a car driven by L. C. Helm, Minneapolis. He died before, reaching a hospital. In his pocket \va.! fminrl a card with the name N. H. Homan.