Page 3 article text (OCR)
MARCH 19 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE 4fla0nn (Eilp A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CIT\ GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St - Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE Editor W. EARL HALL Managing Editor LEE P. LOOM1S Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Â· The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per 'year 57.00 Dally, per week ,... 4.5 Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier $7.00 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail 4-00 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; .1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6.months...Â· $3.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter other nations on a level with, or above, our own, and urging the principle of physical non-resistance to any injustice; (b) the chief paid advocates of H. F. 217 represent organizations from outside the state of Iowa, whose ultimate purpose is to do away with all college military training, optional as well as compulsory. (7) Under the Morrill act, land-grant colleges may be required to maintain compulsory military drill, (a) It was probably the intention of congress, when it enacted the Mori-ill act, that military training in such colleges should be compulsory. At that time nearly all college subjects were .compulsory. The elective system' did not find general expression until some years later; (b) laws are interpreted in the light of the situation at the time of their enactment to carry out the legislative intent; '(c) the opinion of the attorney general, Hon. W. D. Mitchell, has been seriously questioned. (8) Benefits of the Morrill act might be withdrawn and conferred elsewhere, (a) Seventy-three colleges have made application for the benefits under the Morrill act, and are on the waiting list to receive it, upon such conditions as the federal government may impose. REVERSINcTrHE PROCESS ALMOST a month has been consumed in an attempt to lay hands on a few minor shortcomings in the administration of the University of Iowa. In the same time a thousand triumphs for the university could lave neen shown. And they wouldn't have been debatable either. A suppressed resolve will betray itselt In the eyes.--GEORGE ELIOT VICTORY FOR SOUND REASONING ! rpHOSE who believe that student military training is Â·*Â· a valuable part of the nation's preparedness program will view with gratification the action of Iowa's" house of representatives Wednesday when it voted down by a decisive margin the Torgeson bill which would have changed the work from a. required to an optional basis. While the ostensible purpose of those back of the measure was one of "lofty educational principle," the fast is that optional training is really intended to destroy military training altogether. By and large the same persons who are leading the fight for optional training today are the ones who a few years ago, without subterfuge, were fighting an opening fight against military drill in the colleges. If it were not so clearly evident that a change to i 'optional drill is tantamount : to destruction of student drill, 'the Globe-Gazette would be all for it. By the, same token we would have a preference for voluntary service rather than conscription in time of war if wars could be won on that basis. We wish our young people were so constituted as to make required subjects of any kind unnecessary in our college curricula. And we wish that our citizenry by and large was so filled with a zeal to perform the duties of citizenship that laws for enforcing certain things on the one hand and laws of prohibition or restraint on the other would not be requisite. But we're dealing with facts and conditions, not mere theories. Student training- units constitute N an Â· indispensable element in our nation's defense machinery. We could-if we wished change to a system of large standing army and not rely on volunteer leadership in . t h e event of war. But that has not been the American " system. '" ( Our position with regard to this has been stated "military training is^only at a temporary halt' It"*wolf bob up again in the future as surely as night follows day. Under the circumstance, it might not be amiss to present for careful study by Globe-Gazette readers a brief statement of the American Legion's defense of required military drill as it was ably presented re. cently by Casper Schenk, able Des Moines attorney, at a hearing before a house committee in Des Moines. (1) The compulsory military'training in state tax- supported schools is essential to the national defense and good citizenship; (a) the duty of national defense rests equally on every American; in a democracy no man has a right to ask others to make sacrifices which he himself evades or is unwilling to make; (b) it is the elementary law of ethics, of religion and of sound morals that those who receive most should be expected to give most; (c) in every time of national peril, America's crying need is for leaders, adequately prepared in times of peace; (2) The real function of tax-supported state higher education is to develop sound leadership for whatever situation may arise; (a) no man la fit to command who has not first learned to obey; (b) the citizen who resists performance of duty such as payment of taxes, provisions for family or preparation for defense because they are compulsory, shows special need for training in citizenship or unfitness ,to receive state bounty; (c) whether a college student becomes a high ranking military officer, is less important than that he become a service-minded citizen, recognizing his full obligation to the-nation and its institutions; (d) in modern times, military action, if resorted to, usually comes swiftly, is highly specialized, and requires unusual steadiness and training; (e) college men in all countries compose a large proportion of junior and higher officers in time of war; (f) the United States, as the most peace-loving nation, has much the smallest military establishment of any leading country, and therefore, more than others, has need of effectively trained leadership; (g) the consent of the student is not the only consideration. IE left to a student vote, many desirable rules and restrictive measures probably would be abolished. The welfare of the state, as a whole, is of paramount importance. (3) Compulsory military training fully measures up to the educational purposes for which it is intended, (a) The colleges with military training furnished.the finest type of junior officers and deserve a large measure of credit for winning the World war; (b) such training has received the highest commendation of experts standing in .the best position to study it. (4) No leadingr"authority in the American army has been, nor, we believe, can be quoted against the distinct value of such training, (a) Military training in a republic does not create militarism. (5) Militarism of foreign nations will not be effected by Iowa's position on H. F. 217, either in Japan or elsewhere, (a) Japan is far more concerned with the regular Chinese army of 1,000,000 soldiers on her one flank, and the Russian Soviet army of over 6,000,000 soldiers on her other flank, than v by a few college students on the far side of the world in the Mississippi valley; (b) since the abolition of compulsory military training in two American colleges referred to by proponents of H. F. 217, and since other army reductions in America, Japan increased her regular standing army from 210,000 in 1928, to 214,300 in 1920, increased her organized reserves from 1,663,000 to 1,698,000, and increased her army budget from 190,832,000 yen in 1926-1927 to 232,000,000 yen in 1929-1930; (c) the unlikelihood of American college training affecting foreign armies is shown by the differences in the sizes of the respective total land forces, including regulars, National Guard and Reserves (1923), as follows: Russia, 6,315,000 soldiers; France, 6,085,993; Italy, 3,409,529; Japan, 2,248,000; Great Britain (exclusive of air forces), 967,448; United States, 420,291 men. (6) The nations showing the keenest desire to see America reduce her military training are those which themselves maintain vastly the larger armies, (a) The American citizens spending the most money in combating military training are those demanding diplomatic recognition of soviet Russia, advocating the doctrine of internationalism which puts the Interests of OTHER EDITORS BLAST FURNACES ROAR AGAIN Duhurjue Telegraph-Herald: Those who have been, icanning the business horizon for definite signs of a turn in business have been rewarded by the favorable ndication of perhaps the most basic of all industrial yardsticks--that of pig iron production. In February, :he output of pig iron increased 10 per cent over January and it was 15 per cent greater than in December. During the month, according to the magazine 'Steel," the daily average output of pig iron was 61,112 tons as compared' with 55,255 tons in January. It was the second consecutive increase since the deep decline in activities began last May. Compared with February, 1930, however, the output of pig iron was nearly 40 per cent lower. In December, only 95 blast furnaces in the United tates were in operation. At the end or' February the ;otal number active was 109, an increase of 14. Records over a long period of years show that when after a prolonged depression in business there comes a definite increase in the number of blast furnaces in operation the beginning of genuine recovery is foreshadowed. This fact, noted by shrewd' observers of the business situation, is accounted for by the basic character of iron and steel. This is the universal metal of modern life and it is extremely sensitive to fundamental changes in the general business trend. Moreover, it is a costly operation to stop blast :umace operations, and to resume them, so that when :here is any significant change up or down in their activities the forecast is of general importance. Just low there seems to be in process a slow but unmistakable improvement underlying general trade and the reliable Wast furnace barometer gives confirmation of this fact. FROM IOWA Los Angeles Times: "Who are Californians?'' snorted an orator.. "Some are native sons and the rest are from Iowa," shot back an auditor. Former lowans to the number of 125,000 gathered in Lincoln park recently. Any stater going among them would insensibly come to the perception that they are of the material out of which persisting nations and -institutions are built. ^ The name, "Iowa ' has been hurled as a sneer jfc.SoutJfwi v California by the jealous~of other sections: Southcrn^CStliforrua could do worse. lowaris have 'clear eyes and husky bodies They are intelligent and strong. They are wholesome and hearty. They come from the very heart of the republic. There are no bolsheviks among them. No communists . were blatantly snorting treason against Uncie Sam. No bewhiskered maniacs prating untried follies. . They are the yeomen out of which the doughboys came. They are slow to-fight; but devastating in action. They have courage to burn, and they are not afraid to burn it. They are the material which wails in the liberties of tfie country. They are the stock whence President Hoover sprang. They are incorruptible. No Al Capones have come from that state. They may "buy more land to raise more corn to fatten more hogs to make more money'' to come to California; but they are welcome additions to our population AH hail Iowa! THE OLD HOME TOWN ...... By Stanley BIRD SEED 1M AUU FLAVORS TENOlt-- OASS QAS1TAUS Answers You can oak our Information Rureau nny question of fact and get the answer back In a personal letter. TAero IK no clmrpfi nxcrpt 2 cents In coin or Rtamps for return postage. Arl'Jrrns your letter to the GInbe-Gazelte Informnllon Bureau, Frederics J. Hnflkin, Director, \VoJthlngton, I). 0. THAT WINDY AUCTIONEER SNEEZED OUST AS A GtRASS SEEP SAUESMAN FfeDJvV DUNKlRK^NEVJ Vo|Â§K WAS SHOWING Of=F HIS NEW SAMPLES AT ROBINSONS STOI5E, THIS ~ DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEN1NG, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. ClendcnInK cannot dlugnoso or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are oÂ£ general Interest, however, they will be takn up, In order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Ubgan Clendenfng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. QUILLEN ON MENCKENISM Robert Quillen in Fountain Inn, S. Car., Tribune- Show me a moralist, says Mencken, and I will show you a man who has something to hide and somethinE- to forget. That is true. But it is equally true to say: Show me a critic and I will show you a man who is a liar. The truth is that all men are liars as David said in his haste, critics no less or more thau others And all men have something to hide and something to forget,, whether they are moralists or hellions sophisticates or yokeln. Mencken's fault is that he stoops to the tactics of a demagog to prove his case against moralists, and poses as a moralist in condemnation of a-emagogs, A man has a poor case if he can't wm it without trickery. INVESTIGATION BECOMES 1'ERSECUTION Council Bluffs Nonpareil: The investigation of Iowa s state university is worse than a farce, It is a persecution. Its inception was horn of malice. A detective was employed to discover ways and means of discrediting the state's educational board and the head of the university Disgruntled employes have furnished the evidnce designed to tarnish the records. Half truths are relied upon to deceive the public. 1 CORRECTING A FALSEHOOD Charles City Press: Frank Miles of the Iowa Le- gionaire, writes us that it is "a lie" that he ever spoke disrespectfully of those opposed to military training and we hasten to make the correction. But we quoted from an exchange which we thot reliable, hence the error. However, we agree with him on military training. ' DOCTOR COMMENDS ADVICE BOOK "THE HOME CARE OF THE INFANT AND 1 CHILD," by Dr. Frederick F. Tisdall, published by William Morrow and company, is a 1931 up to date book which I am glad to recommend to young mothers. It is the only book I know of which contains advice for the expectant mother, pre-natal care and the care and feeding of the baby from birth up to 6 years of age, all in one volume. The chapter on the treatment of accidents is also a somewhat _new departure in this line. Among 'the accidents are, "Dog and Cat Bites," "Nosebleed," "Swallowing Foreign Bodies," "Burns and Scalds," "Falls," "Cuts," "Inhalation of Zinc Powder" and "Poisoning." The paragraph on .poisoning includes strychnine poisoning from eating cathartio pills containing strychnine, which was described in this column a week or so ago. The inhalation of dusting powder containing zinc is thus treated: "Inhalation of Zinc Powder. Many dusting powders contain zinc stearate. An infant lying on his back and playing with a tin of powder may readily open it and .nhale the powder. If much is inhaled it invariably produces a severe and often fatal pneumonia. For this reason it is important to see that infants d'o not play with tins or boxes containing dusting powders. Self-closing tins can now be obtained, or cornstarch may be used as a powder." There is a picture with the warning--"Never Let Baby Play With an Open Tin of Powder." Â· Â» Â» QUESTIONS FROM READERS A. B. C., Fairview, N. J., and others, ask questions which are too personal to be answered in the column of a daily newspaper. They are, however, discussed in a pamphlet, "Feminine Hygiene." Â· Â· * Mrs. W. C., Indianapolis: "When a lump the size of a hulled walnut has formed in a woman's breast is it most likely to be a cancer, or could it come from some other cause?" Answer: Such a condition certainly requires the most prompt medical judgment and attention. It is not necessarily cancer, in fact it is most likely to be nonmalignant in character, but this decision always should be made by a competent physician. Editor's Note: Six pamphlets by Dr. Clendehlne can now he obtained by sending 10 cents In coin for each and a self-addressed, stamped envelope, to Dr. Logan Clcndenlnff, In care of this paper, or Central Press Association, 1435 East Twelfth street, Cleveland, Ohio. Tho pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "Infant Feeding." "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair ami Skin." Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America SMALL EXPECTATIONS (Read Luko 17:1-10). Say, We aro unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our dtitv to do. DLESSED are they that expect little. We make our- t - selves miserable by our large demands on life. We rate ourselves too highly. We try to make out that we are large creditors on the world. So we come to many and bitter disappointments. The humble attitude is both truer and wiser. Others have labored, and we are entered into their labors. God has been gracious to us, and we should not presume upon the worth of our service. There is no satisfaction greater than that of having done our duty to the best of our ability. What Jesus teaches here is that we should covet that satisfaction, and be content with it. He doesn't cheapen us or humiliate us; He only points us to the high road to happiness. Sin has its wages; righteousness has none. The wise will say, There is nothing coming to us; we have done our duty. Traycr: Our Heavenly Father, Who dost accept our humble duty, guide us to labor for love's sweet sake, rejoicing if only we have done something for Thee, as Thou hast commanded. ABWU, * JUST FOLKS Copyrighted 1031 By EDGAB A. GUEST -------THE TRICKSTER He had wit and he was clever, He was sharp and he was slick, But no man can live forever On the magic of a trick. It may work when first you do it, But in time the crowd see thru it. He used up his best feat quickly, So another one he tried; There's no doubt he worked it slickly, But it soon was put aside. Victims prattling to each other Forced him to attempt another. Soon the word was passed about him: "When this fellow near you stands Never trust him, always doubt him, Watch his fingers, watch his hands!" Thus by warnings wise preceded Cleverer, smarter tricks he needed. What seemed easy now grew irksome, But he scorned the ways of men, Still believing he could work some Bit of cunning now and then. But, tho cleverly he plotted, Everybody had him spotted. Times are tough and growing tougher, Here he is at thirty-six Just another clever duffer Absolutely out of tricks. And the years which lie before him Hold a sorry prospect for him. EARLIER DAYS Hclng a Dally Comnllatlnn of IntcrestlnFr Facts front tli "Twenty Years Apo" Flics of the Globe-Gazctto. -MARCH 19, 1911 Â· H. H. Shepard is home from Des Moines and has .fresh budget of news relative to Clear Lake im- irovement and the piece of money which there is ndications will be received. He says Spirit Lake nterests are very strong there and that Senator "rancis who is one of the leaders in the senate gets verything he wants in the main and has been doing great things for Spirit Lake. C. H. Barber has received a letter from the Rev. Mr. Jordan, formerly pastor of the Congregational hurch here and who procured a leave of absence rom the church at St. Louis while recuperating his health, to the effect that he has practically recovered and will soon return to St. Louis. Rummage sale opens in Masonic building Wednesday, March 22. Goods received Tuesday. Will be pleased with all that you can give. Equal Suffrage club. ' - . . ' Â· Mrs. C. E. White and baby who were visiting here at the William Weigle home have returned to their lome in Fort Dodge. B. C. Way arrived home Thursday evening from an extended business trip at Des Moines, Sheldon and other points. While in Des Moines he put in a tick against a bill pending in the legislature which f made a law will subject all telephone companies :o local instead of statewide regulation. This means .hat a line running from here to Des Moinea would e under the control of the officers of every county hru which the line passed. The Hon. E. G. Dunn left yesterday for Morris, HI., where he was the principal speaker last evening at :he Knights of Columbus "banquet. He also attended ;he grand ball there last evening; Mrs. J. H. Lepper is hostess on Monday afternoon to the Chautauqua club. Mesdames Starr and Marston ead the lesson. 'Mrs. F. M. Spaulding, formerly of Minneapolis, assisted by Mrs. A. Barney, has opened a dressmaking establishment at 619 North Main street. We kindly solicit your patronage. Mr. and Mrs. A. Ramsey of Luverne, Minn., arrived Saturday night to visit their daughter, Mrs. :!. B. Farrer. They came from St. Paul where they aave been visiting friends. Mr. Smith of Lincoln, Nebr., arrived in this city Saturday evening and wag the Sunday guest at the Frank Haase home here. He left today for Rockwell where he will look after business interests for some Q. Must the goulash bo played in Contract Bridge? E. H. A. Not unless the majority of the players desire it. J. How many vertebrae in the neck of a giraffe? W. V. A. Seven. This number is not greater than in other quadrupeds, and the neck has no extraordinary flexibility, altho its form and movements are very graceful. The length, therefore, is due to the elongation of each cervical vertebra. Q. Where might I procure a piece of hemp as it comes from the plantations or In its original form? J. L. P. A. A rope manufacturer such as H, P. Winger and company, Inc., 79 Wall street, New York City, will probably be able tq supply you with a piece of hemp. Q. Who drove Lincoln's carriage the night ho was assassinated? T. R. A. Joseph Christian. The carriage is preserved in the collection of historic vehicles owned by the Studs- baker corporation of South Bend, Ind. Q. Why do pine trees stay green all winter? D. T. A. Pine needles are in reality leaves, and contain chlorophyll- as other leaves'do. The surface of pine needles is tougher than that of other leaves. Tlius the chlorophyll is protected during the winter and remains green. Q. Was Saturday made the school holiday in deference to the religion of the Jews? A, J. A. An official of the New York City department of education says: "It is my understanding that the origin of Saturday never began in the cities but in the rural sections of our country. It is my understanding that it originated in the colonial days, when there were very few Jews in the community. I believe Saturday began as a holiday in schools, because the children on the farms had to help with the work so that Sunday might be ob served by the family. They had to bring in provisions for the Sabbath and help in the home so that they might start out to the nearest church which .was usually miles away." Q. What medical personnel and equipment docs a modern battleship carry? S. H. A. The department of the navy says that the TJ. S. West Virginia, one of the newest battleships, carries: One commander in the medical corps; one junior lieutenant in the medical corps; one lieutenant in the dental corps. In addition is a hospital ward, the sick bay ward, and emergency operating room. There is also a dispensary. A complete line of medical stores and medical supplies is also carried. Q. Do magpies chatter ns much as that,phrase Indicates? T. H. A. The Biological Survey says a magpie does not talk very much. This, however, depends on the individual bird and its training. Q. What is tho Chinese wortl for blessing, or'good luck? A. C, A. It is pronounced "fu." Q. Which way does tho mansion at Mount' Vornon laco? E. P. E. A. It faces east overlooking the Potomac. It has also a west front, facing Its private lawns and gardens. THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG LUCES LENTEN FEATURE FLOYD, March 16.--From the very beginning I have read with interest the Lenten articles, the Daily Prayer. They are very profitable. I commend your paper for giving us the same. Sincerely Yours, ALFRED CHRISTENSBN, Pastor M. E. church. BO-BROADWAY 'By JOSEPH VAN KAAME" N E EW YORK, March 19.---In a symposium, directed by the American Institute of Architects, the president of Boston university thus summarizes New York's "personality:" "I think of New York as a big, bloated, rather uncouth man, self- centered and wrapped in the cloak of self-interest. I think of him as pushing another aside; at the ticket windows to see that he, himself, is served first; tramping on the feet of others without offering apologies. . . ." JUST BY WAY OF CONTRAST-J I think of New York as a tired, harassed little man, sun-starved and shy, journeying to and from his work in the subway--standing most of the time so that some woman may be seated--traveling with his family, after supper, to a neighborhood movie house and in bed at 11 p. m. so's to be fit for tomorrow's highstool, eye-shade and electric desk-light When a man elbows you on Broadway it's a pretty safe bet that he's a Visitin' Fireman who checked his manners at the railroad station or left them in the hotel safe before stepping out on the trail of White Light Adventure. Miss Pearl Carlson of Hampton was the over Sunday guest of her friend, Miss Lydia Zimmerman here. Miss Londergan, deputy city clerk, bos resumed ner work after a few weeks illness. The Mason City high school has reason to be real proud today over the results of the preliminary declamatory contest which was held last evening at Clarion and in which its representative, Miss Carmelita Hamlin, won a place as representative at the district contest, which will be held at Elkader next Friday evening. Miss Hamlin waa one of 11 in the dramatic} class and she and the representative at Eagle Grove were given representation at the district contest. Miss Hamlin is a very artistic reader and is deserving of the honor which she recived. Miss Mary Joiner or the high school accompained Miss Hamlin. They arrived home this morning. Mrs. J. F. Shaible is hostess tomorow evening to the Recreation club at her home on North college street. The Washington school basketball team beat the B 8's from the Lincoln grammar school in a baseball game at the Washington school yesterday afternoon by the score of G to 4. The grammar school battery were McAuley and Young, Stewart and Swift and the Washington battery were Duncan and Marsden. M AYBE iVl tenth I'M bad WRONG--If the mannered visitor would stay at home, New York's reputation for courtesy would benefit materially. The noisy passenger on the owl car is confined to no particular locality. Every burg knows him. Yet, when he travels in Europe he is mistaken for the "average American" by prejudiced critics. And encountered on Broadway, lie typifies the "average New Yorker" to tho American who doesn't like Tammany Town on general principles. To those who Insist upon judging New York by individual standards we might say: . ; "Don't judge Â» man by the company he keeps, It might be his wife's folks." 1 * Â« Â· rilSTANT P R O S P E C T--Eddie Brown, director of the Noise Abatement Commission, voices the belief that "The time will come when we shall look on noise abatement as on fireproofing, and will not put up buildings that are not sound-proof as well as fireproof." Noise and glare is so much a part of our modern machine age that no one pays much attention to either. Day by day our eyes grow more dim and our cars less sensitive. Pretty soon, some day . ,, . D. AND M.--The Stork is almost twice as fast as the Angel of Death in New York City. Once every four minutes here a child is born. Once in every seven minutes someone dons his celestial pajamas and moseys up the Goldea Stairs. Every eight minutes a marriage takes place. In 1330 there were 122,811 Hatched; 63,377 Matched and 74,888 Snatched. B, Who's Who and Timely Views HE FAVORS JOBLESS INSURANCE By FRANKLIN I). ROOSEVELT Governor of New York. Franklin Delnno Roosevelt waa born at Hyde Park, N. Y., Jan. 30, 1882. He Is a graduate of Harvard, later ntudylng law at. Columbia university. Ho has practiced law In New York city trace 1007. From 1010 to 1013 ho wns a member of the New York assembly. He resigned to become assistant secretary o( tha navy which post hn held until 1020. In that year he was the Democratic nominee for vice president of the United States. He was elected governor of New York state In the fall of 1028 and reelected In 1030 He Is a. member of a n u m b e r of foundations and societies.. r\URING our own lifetime, we [ workmen's compensation was being YOU'RE THE JUDGE Â·THERE were four partners in this firm. One of them, I young Hitch, was the son of William B. Hitch, one of the other partners. Young Hitch had little property of his own. He was taken into the firm purely on the wish of the elder Hitch. In addition, the father had also given the assurance that all the obligations Incurred by young Hitch would be paid by him. So the partnership went on. But after a time young Hitch did incur a number of obligations which he could not pay. When this waa assessed against the elder Hitch, however, he refused to -pay. When pressed for it he said the promise should have been in writing and it was not. One of the partners sued. How would you decide this CMC? Make up your mind before you read tho decision. The decision: Tho court held against the elder Hitch. The Judges reasoned thus: The ordinary mle Is that one lit not bound for tbc rtebbt n f another nnlcits the undertaking be In w r i t i n g and signed by both parties. But thin had no application here because the I n d e b t e d n e s s was that of the firm, of which tho father was a. member, and as auch he Is liable lor even, Uie entire Indebtedness. have seen many new forms of insurance, m a n y improvements, many new coverages, and many = ._ new methods for the distribution of losses. In our own lifetime we have seen, for instance, the rise workm e n ' s compensation to an accepted place in the insurance world m o r e more civil- stabilized we are able protec- a g a i n s t and more dangers or forms losses. That is why I have at al times been ao ready to go along with new forms of insurance to meet new needs. Today we are giving serious thot to still another form of insurance risk, that of providing some form of reserves for individual men and women to be used by them for their maintenance and support in times of involuntary unemployment. Here again, as was the case a quarter of a century ago, when considered, there Is much unthinkable opposition on the principal ground that the proposal is something new. It is not a sound argument to make that a new thing may prove unsound just because it is new. I take it that in studying what is somewhat loosely referred to as unemployment insurance, the insurance world Itself will maintain not only an open mind, but will also apply the same fundamental principles of experience and potential risk which they have applied to the existing forms of insurance. It is of the utmost importance that unemployment insurance like thei other forms be based on sound actual tables. This is the fundamental which wlil prevent a mere dole or gift on the part of either private agencies or governments themselves. The other factors entering into unemployment Insurance are more methods of administration than matters of fundamentals. Whether we shall have group insurance or general insurance, whether the employer or the employe shall both contribute or only one, what part the state will play, in the picture, all of these can, I am very certain, be worked out in the days to come.