The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 8, 1945 · Page 1
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January 8, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, January 8, 1945
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S2£fcSi3£s56 . ' - _ . : - ' . ' . -, ± :^ · · ' - . . .^c-iw./ ^ ___^, · ' ' ' ' ' - '' - - ' ° " · ' ' ' ' " : '·' r i t -- ' ~'' " -i** NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME O E M « T l 4 E * r O f H I S T O R Y * N D A R C H I V E D C S WMJE* i A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU. NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL.U Associated Press and United Pre« Full Leaded Wirw HOME EDITION [TITTTTI One Man's Opinion A Badio Commentary bj W. EARL HALL Managing Editor .' BUOADCAST SCHEDULE KGLQ. M»lon Cily. Sunday. 1:15 5. m,. WTAD, Qntacy, HI., Monday, 6:{5 p. m. WOI, Ames, Weaneidar, 5:50 p. m. KSCJ. Sioux Cily. Weaei»r. 1:38 p. m. WSUI, low. City. Wedneidiy. 1:13 p. u. Iowa's Schools ' Are in a Rut! I P you haven't yet clicked or turned that dial of yours, I'll thank you very much tor letting me come into your home to visit ·with you about a subject which ought to be, and I think is, very close to your heart. It has to do with those children of yours, and . the children of your neighbors. More specifically, it's about our public schools. My starting point will be that nothing is quite so important to the present and the future of our state and nation than that these citizens ot tomorrow shall have the' very best educational advantages that caa be made available to them. If you accept this premise, I rather think you'll be able to go along with me to most of my conclusions. A T the outset I think we should examine our schools as honestly and objectively as we can and determine whether they are as good as they should be. And the one best way I know to do this is apply certain tests to determine whether our Iowa teachers are the ablest and best trained that we can command. There can be no such thing as a good school .without good teachers. At this point, maybe a question or two might not be amiss. 1. Are. the ablest young men and women of YOUR OWN acquaintance looking forward to a career of teaching? 2. Why are Iowa's teachers so delighted when they land job in some other state--New York, Illinois or California, tor exam- rle? t O the first o£ these questions, think you are going to have to answer No. Our ablest high ss ana united Prea Full Leased Wtrej (Fly. Cants a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, JANUARY 8 1 9 4 5 ~--~~ ~~ '-" ~ " ' " ------___________________________ This Paper Consists ol Two Sections--Section One NO It SMASH BACK NAZI NORTH FLANK Japs Report Yanks Bombard Luzon Beaches THINK LANDING* T O .1 school graduates, generally speaking, ARE.NOT looking forward to a career of ^teaching, v; ; " : To the second tof-these:,jaev tions--whyare sa.manyof Iowa's best teachers seeking positions in other states--the answer plainly is that these other states have made the teaching profession more attractive than it is in Iowa. Now we're getting somewhere in our discussion. We've concluded that to recruit the best possible teacher' material from the ranks of our young people and to keep, our ablest teachers from moving on to other states, we , must somehow give the teaching profession an added appeal. How's this to' be done? . F OR the answer to that one, I can't think of anything more plausible, or easier, than studying and making comparisons with those sclicol systems of our sister states which have outdistanced us. In each case, first of all, we're going to discover that there's a better salary for teachers. In Illinois, for example, the average annual income is almost twice · that of the Iowa teacher. Who wants to believe that a teacher in our neighboring state to the east is worth twice as much as our teacher--or that the Illinois child's education is twice as valuable as an Iowa child's education? But the added appeal of teach- iiij? in these other states with which we like to compare our Iowa doesn't end with increased remuneration. Almost as important is that they've, provided retirement pay and established tenure for teachers who prove ' their competence. In short, teaching in these progressive states has been given a true .professional status. "When a youngster studies the field to determine Vv'hat his or her Kfework shall be, teaching can be considered right along with medicine, law. dentistry, nursing and those other professions which up to now have appealed most to our ablest high school graduates. S OME will say, of course, that it's a bit on the foolish side to pay teachers generously in the face of the fact that Iowa has been able to get by on a scale of low salaries. "Haven't we the highest literacy rate of any state in the union?" they'll ask. And I think it's well to take that literacy matter out of the picture here and now. It's been established beyond argument that Iowa's literacy and her schools are only remotely related. Our leadership in literacy bottoms on our national origins, not our schools, primarily. Our racial stock has been drawn more largely than other states from literate northern Europe rather than from illiterate southern Europe. Let's not let oar thinking about our schools be distorted by any Illusions about this literacy business. T'M perfectly willing to agree » 'that unless higher salaries, retirement pay and assured tenure meant better schools for our children, we shouldn't assume the Continnea en Face 2 WILL BE MADE BY AMERICANS U. S. Headquarters Silent on Jap, Reports of Impending Invasion By MAC K. JOHNSON Pearl Harbor, (U.PJ--Tokyo reported Monday that 1 of 4 powerful American invasion armadas converging on Luzon in the Philippines has carried an unparalleled bombardment of beach defenses in the Lingayen gulf north of Manila into its 3rd day and said a landing appeared imminent. Some 400 to 450 American vessels are' bound for "some not too clearly definable point on or near Luzon," Tokyo said, but warned that the American maneuvers were so complicated that false conclusions might be drawn. Japanese broadcasts said American battleships and other warships, escorting 70 to 80 landing craft, penetrated Lingayen gulf to within a few thousand yards of the coast and were hurling shells into a 27 mile stretch between San Fernando and Damortis, the latter about 113 miles north of Manila. Fighters, bombers and dive- bombers from 10 aircraft carriers supported the bombardment with tree-top strafing and bombing attacks, Tokyo said. "This is the enemy's usual tactics preceding a. landing,", a Japanese ipomei. dispatch, froni Luzon saicL^'-'fOur.^inej£'-V^ir ; *f are., strainini their earS^Ior-th'e·.sound; of landing craft, for the enemy may.: approach the shores at any time." ' American headquarters here am in the Philippines remained silen' on the enemy reports of impend- in? landings, but announced 'nev neutralization raids against Luzon and the capture of Paluan, in the northwest corner of Mindoro island and 9ft miles southwest Manila. The expanding American hole on Mindoro, coupled with the occupation of Marinduque, to thi east, and Japanese reports o operations in Lingayen gulf, ap' peared to be setting the stage fo an amphibious pincers assaul against Manila. Landings on Luzon both north and south ol Manila would follow the Japanese pattern for the conquest of the island in December 1941. The Japanese put their main force, 80,000 troops, ashore in the Lingayen gulf and soon afterward landed other sizeaWe forces south of the capital, which fell Jan. 2, 1942. Planes of the 3rd fleet, shifting their sights from battered Formosa and Okinawa farther north, joined Sen. Whitehill Dies of Heart Attack Shortly After Assembly Meets Des Moines, (/P)--Sen. Stanley L. Hart, (R-Keokuk), Monday was elected president pro tempore of the senate after Sen. B. C. Whitehill *{R-Marshalltown), designated for the post, died of a heart attack. Hart's election took place less than 2 hours after the 51st general assembly convened to start the state's 10th wartime session. Hart, 48 year old cooperage manufacturer, was chosen at a caucus of republican senators shortly after Whitehill's death, and was elected by 2 vote of 45 to 0 when the senate reconvened. Five senators were absent. Hart is serving his 5th term as a legis- Cold Wave Is Blowing In From Canada By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new cold wave was blowing in from central Canada Monday and forecasters said it would spread over the entire midwest night and bring zero or lower temperatures to several states. It was 25 below zero in northern Minnesota Monday morning, almost as frigid in North Dakota and eastern Montana, and slightly below zero in South Dakota. The cold snap will spread as far eastward as Ohio by Tuesday morning Forecaster Howard Kenny (of the Chicago weather bureau) predicted. Only slight snow flurries --no heavy snows or blizzards- are expected to accompany the temperature drop, he said. Minnesota was bundling up for 20 to 30 below in the northwest and 10 to 20 below in the south and east portion Monday night. Iowa probably will get 5 to 10 below in the north and zero in the south; Wisconsin. 15 to 20 be- loyv ni :the . north and .5 below;in the south; Illinois and Indiana zero Michigan,-; aroimd : ;zero in the south, and zero to'16 below later. Fourteen bills were introduced in the senate, 13 of them designed primarily to extend to veterans of the present war the benefits the state granted soldiers in the first world conflict. The other measure, by Senator Ross R. Mowry (R.-Newton), would require 3-day notice by a tenant of his intention to vacate any building where damage might be occasioned by freezing. Failure to give such notice would be a punishable misdemeanor. The house adjourned until 2 p. m. Monday and the senate until 10 a. m. Tuesday. Both houses vill meet in joint session at 2 p. m. Tuesday to canvass the vote cast in the general election "or governor and lieutenant governor.. Sen. B. B.. Hickenlooper, -who signed, as governor "last --week, wiiraddress th^. joint TJesslom-He s expected to make several sus- in the north.' The cold wave is expected to continue throughout Tuesday but it may warm up Kenny predicted. Wednesday, Douglas MacArthur's aircraft Saturday in with Gen. laud-based destroying 45 Japanese planes and damaging 14 others in a series of raids in and around Luzon. In addition to the invasion armada already bombarding Luzon, Tokyo said 3 others were sailing through Philippine waters, apparently bound from Leyte to the Lingayen gulf. One task force including 150 transports was said to be cruising westward below Mindoro, another of undisclosed size was moving west in the Mindanao sea, and the 4th, with an escort of battleships or large cruisers and. destroyers, was in waters south of Negros island. All 4 armadas were under air attack and that in the Lingayen gulf also was \being blasted by shore batteries, Tokyo said, claiming that 32 war vessels, including 6 aircraft carriers and 18 transports already bad been sunk or damaged. Listed as "instantly sunk" were 23 ships, comprising 3 carriers, a battleship, 2 battleships or cruisers, a cruiser and 16 transports. Nine other vessels, comprising 3 carriers, 2 battleships or cruisers, 1 unidentified large trarcraft, a destroyer and 2 transports, were said to have been damaged. A later broadcast said 40 warships and transports had been sunk, but did not detail the losses. It estimated that the convoy in the Lingayen gulf carried a division of troops and speculated that the main force, 2 to 3 divisions, was aboard the ships below Mindoro. The Japanese Domei agency painted a lurid picture of the bombardment of Lingayen gulf, where it said coastal positions at San Fernando, Bauang and Damortis, the latter 19 miles northeast o£ Lingayen, had been under fire since Saturday. San Fabian, half way between Damortis-and Lingayen, low temperatures reported for Monday morning by the weather bureau included: International Falls, Minn., -25; Grand Forks and Pembina, N. Dak., -24. It ranged from -13 to -IB in other parts of North Dakota; -8 to -12 in eastern Minnesota; and around -6 in South Dakota. Iowa reported 11 above in the north and 26 in the south; and Wisconsin 5 above in the north and 22 in the south. * Snow and Sleet Covers Highways Des Moines, (iP)--S n o w and sleet covered Iowa highways Monday as the weather bureau forecast a severe cold wave would hit the. state during the day. Snow or freezing rain was falling in ail sections of Iowa Monday morning and the bureau said the mercury might drop to 18 below zero in the north central section Monday night or early Tuesday. Highways were slippery and in some sections visibility was reduced to one-fourth of a mile by falling snow. The weather bureau said light snow would continue throughout the day but that skies would clear Monday night. Tuesday w i l l be fair and continued cold, it added. Light snow amounting to between half an inch and 1 inch fell throughout the state overnight. The state highway commission said roads were "slippery and driving hazardous. It gave these mid-morning road reports: Central area--Snowing heavily j Visibility one-half mile. Highways covered, becoming slick. Northeast--Snowing. One to 2 inches on roads. Becoming hazardous. Visibility one-half mile. Northwest--Snowing. Highways slippery. Visibility o n e - fourth mile. Some packed snow. S p u t h w e s t--Visibility one- fourth mile. Highways icy, hazardous. Snowing. - Southeast-Snowing. Visibility one-fourth to three-fourths of a mile. Highways near Ottumwa slippery. Light snow and fog. Freezing rain and v«ry slick roads near Fort Madison and Burlington. Light snow at W e s t Liberty, with highways icy and very hazardous. The lowest reading in the slate early Monday w a s 11 degrees above zero at Spencer and the high in the state Sunday was 36 at Sioux City. also was shelled for- j 1 day, Domei said. time Sun- restions 'for changes in RECORD IX BEER TAX " DCS Moines, (/P)--Income from the state beer tax in 1944 was the highest in history, the state tax commission reported Saturday, giving the total as $1,360,878. Revenue from the cigaret tax totaled 52,483,405 in 1944, which was a drop from the 1943 total, the commission said. sue s t a t e laws, particularly those govering the granting of paroles and commutations to criminals, serving life sentences. Whitehill was stricken in the senate washroom and Sied shortly afterward at Mercy hospital. Gov. Xobert D. Blue announced a special election .would be called in Marshall county, Whitehill's district, to name a successor. The date for the election has not seen set. Prior to the election members of the major politica parties will have county conventions to nominate candidates. After his election Hart immediately took over the post from Sen. Frank C. Byers (K.-Cedar Rapids), president pro tempore last session. He will serve until Kenneth E v a n s (R.-Emerson) lakes the oath as lieutenant governor Thursday. The lientenan governor presides over the senate The veterans' bills, offered by Senator George Faul (R.-Des Moines) and John P. Berg (R.- Cedar Falls), would, among other things, waive the 10 per cent purchase price requirement for homestead credits on purchases under the G. I. Bill ol Eights, exemp from state income tax the subsistence income of the first $2,000 in service pay of a veteran and al his service income in the event o his death, grant veterans of thi current war a S500. property lay exemption and increase to $1,000 the exemption of veterans of the first World war. Veterans of the first war now get 5500 exemptions The legislature convened a 10:02 a. m . (CWT) when Byer rapped the senate to order. The house was called to orde 5 minutes later by Rep. Te Sloane (R. Des Moines), in ac cordance with custom wherebv the lower chamber is opened by the senior representative from Polk county. Prayer was offered in the senate by the Rev. Thomas Doyle, pastor of Emmanuel church in Des Moines, and in the house by Bishop William C. Brashares, bishop for the Des Moines area of the Methodist church. Immediately after convening the representatives- selected Rep. A. H, Avery (R. Spencer) as temporary speaker and A. C. Gustafson as chief clerk. Both houses adopted reports of t h e i r credentials committees, headed by Rep. Jay C. Colburn (R. Harlan) and Sen. F. J. Pine (R. Columbus Junction). * Was Advised Not to Attend Session Ees Moines, (/F)--State Sen. B. C. WhHehil), 69, (R. Marshalltown), died Monday shortly after suffering a heart attack a few minutes before he was to have presided in the senate at the opening of the 51st session of the legislature. Elected president pro tempore of the senate at Saturday's republican caucus, Whitehill, who had served in 5 previous sessions, had been suffering from heart trouble BRITISH ARMOR MOVES INTO BATTLE -Sherman tanlw, manned by British sol- SUPP ° f atta ° k ° n the German salient in CAPTURE NAZI RADIO CAR-A German radio car which skidded and foundered on a snow-covered road feU mto the hands of American troops, yielding a German officer and 4 enlisted radiomen. The Germans hold hands high above their heads in surrender. recently and was prevented by it from attending the caucus. Friends said he also had been advised by his-physician against attending the opening of the session Monday, A retired businessman, Whitehill was a veteran of the Spanish- American war and former commandant of the I o w a soldiers' home for 20 years. He is survived by his widow and 2 sons. After collapsing in t h e washroom he was removed- on a stretcher to an ambulance for removal to Mercy hospital. Accompanying him in the ambulance was Rep. John R. Gardner (R. Lisbon), a physician. Sen. Whitehill was born at State Center. Iowa, and was graduated from the high school there and from Grinnell college. He operated a general .merchandise s t o r e in State Center from 1S99-1930 and for the next 6 years was owner and operator of a wheat farm in Saskatchewan, Canada, from 1916 to 1936 he was commandant at the Iowa soldiers' home in Marshalltown. He later operated a real estate business in Marshalltown. Gov. Robert D. Blue, upon learning of Sen. Whitehll's death, said "the loss is a very serious one of leadership in the beginning days of the session and will be felt keenly by everyone. "Senator Whitehill was one of the outstanding leaders of the senate in past sessions, and the members of the senate showed confidence and affection tor him by selecting him president pro tempore." Streetcar Motormen Complain Public Is Suffering War Nerves Pittsburgh, (U.P.)--Streetcar motormen complained Monday that the public was suffering from war nerves. Sunday a passenger refused to pay his fare and when Motorman Robert Bergcr insisted, hit him with i hammer. In recent days: One motorman was stabbed. Another was slapped by woman who wanted to know why he wasn't in the army and didn't wait for an answer. Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily: Cold wave Monday afternoon and night with temperature about 18 below at Mason City Tuesday morning. Light snow followed by clearing Monday night. Tuesday fair and continued cold. Fiesh winds diminishing Monday night. Iowa: Coid wave Monday night with temperatures falling to 15 below northwest, and ranging to 5 below southeast. Snow flurries ending Monday evening and clearing Monday night. Tuesday partiy cloudy and cold. Strong winds Monday afternoon becoming light during night. Minnesota: Continued very cold Monday night with lowest temperature near 25 below north and ranging from 10 to 15 below south portion. Fair Monday night. Increasing c l o u d i n e s s Tuesday with slowly rising temperature west portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Sunday 25 Minimum Sunday night 15 At 8 a. m. Monday J5 At 10 a. m. Monday . 7 Snow i,i inch Precip. .04 For a while early Monday the mercury was falling at the rate of a degree every 5 minutes. YEAR AGO: Maximum 8 Minimum Minus 13 The figures for Sunday: Maximum Saturday 17 Minimum Saturday 13 At 8 a. m. Sunday 17 YANKS, RAF MAKE RAIDS London, (/P) -- British-based American heavy bombers struck at Germany in daylight Monday T after 2 great fleets of RAF bomb- i ers, totaling probably more than 1,000 twice hours. planes, Sunday Bombed Munich night within 2 MORE JAPS LAND ON CHINA COAST Gird to Meet Threat of American Invasion Chungking, (IP)--Japanese forces lave landed fresh troops on the coast of northeastern Fufcien province in an obvious preparation to counter any American attempt to establish beachheads on the Asiatic mainland, the Chinese high command announced M o n d a y night. The Japanese landed Dec. 26 and advanced inland, occupying the town of Siapu about 70 miles northeast of Japanese-held Foo- chow. A Chinese counter-attack rewon Siapu Jan. 3, and the enemy retreated to the east, the high command said. The landing was considered as one in a series of enemy, measures to gird against American landings on the China coast. Although the Japanese have bisected China with a corridor to Indo-China, much of the territory east of their line between Hankow and Indo- China remains in Chinese hands. The Chinese held most ot the stretch from H a n g c h o w bay southward. The Japanese apparently want to be in position to rush troops to any point where American forces might secure lodgment. PATCH FORCES EASING THREAT TOSTRASBOURG Germans Begin Pulling Out of Blunted Nose of Bulge in Belgium Paris, (U.R) -- American forces drove through a swirling snowstorm a mile to a mile and a half deeper into the crumbling north flank of the Ardennes salient on a 15 mile front Monday, and the Germans BEGAN PULLING.OUT of its blunted nose. The tide ot battle also swung in favor of the American 1th army in eastern France, where Lt. Gen. Alexanders!. Patch's troops seized the initiative in several sectors, compressed a German bridgehead north of Strasbourg to ease a threat o that city, and drove the nazis back 2 miles from the high water mark of their Bitche bulge. Supreme headquarters and front reports sketched one o£ the most encouraging overall situations on the western front since the German offensive began on Dec. 16. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' first army headquarters reported general gains along the north rim of Marshal Karl von Rundstedt's shrinking salient in Belgium. With the main east-west road on the north side of the bulge cut and that on the south side under fire, British troops at the westernmost sector of the Belgian front were advancing against negligible Germans Say U. S. Position Inside Strasbourg Serious Paris. (;P).-- The G e r m a n s claimed tains north and south rot .Strasbourg and .asserted:, that , the American: position: iiuide ? Uie, city was serious. They said the old muglnot line had been penetrated south of Wissemboure and that Germans in the Belgian bulge were holding: firm. The enemy claimed the recapture of the Holland village of Ilemmen, northwest of NijRjegen, which they said the Canadians took on Jan. 4. , resistance in some sectors, while at others they found no sign of the defense front which faded back with a German withdraxval. Hodges' 2nd and 3rd armored divisions pushed their way south through the Belgian forests toward Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's north-bound f o r c e s , whittling down the waistline of the bulge to less than a dozen miles. The 82nd airborne division captured Thierdumont Ridge, 2 miles southeast of Vielsaim, a choke point not only on the cut German escape route along the north side o£ the bulge but also a roundabout roadway angling up from the Houfallize area. Units of the 2nd armored division stormed into Dochamps, 5 miles northwest of the key transport center of La Roche. The towns of Jouniveal and Hebronval on the La Roche-St. Vith highway fell to the 3rd armored after a German delaying action was overwhelmed. The hamlets of Waivne, Spi- neux, and Wanneranval, clustered some 3 miles south o£ Stavelot along the Salm river, where under fire most ol the day, and in a twilight charge the 30th division stormed and captured the latter 2. Across the salient, about a regiment--something less than 3,000 German troops--were observed disengaging themselves from Pat- Says Bandits Getting "Younger and Younger" Seattle, (IP)--"Bandits" observed Policeman W. S. Millett when 3 boys about 10 years returned his missing pistol, "are getting younger and younger." But Millett only knew the half of it. The kids said, sure, they'd tell where they got the pistol. A couple of S-year-oIds gave it to them. ACTRESS REVEALS WEDDING Hollywood, (U.R--Film Actress Sally Haines disclosed belatedly today .that she has become a bride for the 4th time. Her latest husband is a navy flyer, Lt. C. D. Wadsworth, Jr.,. whom she married last month in San Francisco. ton's grip. They were breaking up into 4 columns, formed in marching order, when Patton's big gnns opened upon them, shattered the formations, and sent the dispersed fragments scurrying northward. Headquarters revealed that the British Gth airborne division, which dropped near Caen in the first phase of the western front campaign, now was engaged at the western end of the Ardennes salient. It was also revealed that the so- called German bridgehead north of Venlo in Holland was not a new foothold across the Maas river, but sctuajy a pocket which never was mopped up. The brightest reports from Alsace in some days told of definite compression of the nazi bulge in the Bitche area and the reduction of the tiireat to Strasbourg. Patch appeared to have taken the measure of the enemy's aggressiveness for the first time since the attack began on New Year's eve. North of Wingen, which Patch had retaken, another half-mile advance on a 3 mile front pushed the Germans back 2 miles from their deepest penetration. This meant that the Sarreguemines- Hagiienau road again was in American hands. Llchfcnbcrg, southeast of Rei- perlsweilcr, was. in American hands. The Germans tried several

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