The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 16, 1944 · Page 1
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February 16, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, February 16, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL. *^^ "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH MOWANS NEIGHBORS'- Associated Press ana United Press Full Leased Wires (Five Ccnli Allies Lose Town 10 Miles North of Anzio in Beachhead Battles Allied Headquarters, Algiers, (S)--American siege guns have ° C h " , conce " trated bombardment oE Monastery 8 hiU and breaches" have been opened in that main sector of the German ---- -"Mine overloking Cassino, it was RUSSIANS DRIVE I NEARER PSKOV IIN NORTH FRONT Reds Also Whittle Down Cherkasy Death Pocket in Upper Dnieper London, (.-P) --Gen. Leonid A. ;| Govorov's Leningrad army pressed j closer to historic Pskov Wednes- i day as other red army forces | steadily whittled down the Cher- 5 kasy death pocket in the upper j Dnieper bend where, the Russians said, some 50,000 trapped nazis were fighting a last-ditch battle against overwhelming odds. Capture of Pskov, hub of trunk lines serving an immense area to the south, west and east, would set up the beginning of a potential entrapment .circle for those Germans holding positions between Lake Ilmen on the north and Novosokolniki, 120 miles to the south. Their escape avenue then would be cut to a 120 mile wide gap between Pskov and Novoso- kolniki. Moscow dispatches said that Govorov hoped to be in Pskov by Feb. 23, the 26th anniversary of i the red army's official birthday. } It was at Pskov and at Narva, 1 farther north in Estonia, that the Russians in 1918 smashed a German force, and the red army counts its inception from that date. Govorov was well on his way Tuesday. A Russian communique said his troops storming down the Leningrad-Pskov railway f r o m ·Luga captured the railway station of Serebryanka, 15 miles south- "iYfst.' ot Luga,' '.and- the =- hi ghway,- ! town of Gortsdets, a" fe\v"miles east j of Luga, and the highway town of I Gafodets, a few- miles east of Serebryanka. Spearheads of this l force' then battered their way into i'l the town of Kalbutitsy, 16 miles If, south of Luga and 75 miles north- l auui/l OI l^Uga j east of Pskov. j Another G o v o r o v c o l u m n I; pounding down the Narva-Pskov | ( railway along the eastern shore plot Lake Piepus, overran several ·tjjtowns, routed an enemy regiment Bland captured many prisoners, the /ffiMoscow bulletin said. Russian ad' jvanee units on this sector were reported at Polna, 47 north of Pskov. miles . German transport was reported in hopeless confusion, as the re- trestine nazis were forced off the main roads by soviet artillery fire and bombing attacks. Columns of nazi trucks, carts and other transport were hlown to bits, the soviet bulletin said. More than 1,000 German troops were killed and 40 towns and villages captured during the day, the Russians declared. At the Cherkasy pocket, repeated German attempts to break the Russian cordon around the trapped nazis were reported beaten off and 60 tanks destroyed by Russian gun fire. Several more towns were captured and Field Marshal Fritz von Mannstein lost another 1,800 troops killed in the clay's fighting, Moscow said. The battle of the death circle entered its 13th day Wednesday and surviving remnants of the 10 crack German divisions originally trapped on Feb. 3, were,, herded into an area of approximately 100 square miles between the towns of Shenderovka and Stchlev. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Fair and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday; lowest Wednesday night in Mason City 20. Iowa: Mostly cloudy with occasional very light snow Wednesday, and in the east portion . Wednesday night; warmer Wed) nesday and Wednesday night. i Thursday mostly cloudy with L light snow flurries and becom ing colder in, the west north-central portions. and Minnesota--Occasional light snow Wednesday night, changing to snow flurries Thursday; warmer Wednesday night, becoming colder north portion late Wednesday night; much colder Thursday. Wind will increase to 25 to 30 miles an hour Thursday. IN.MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics- Maximum Tuesday 19 Minimum Tuesday night 7 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 13 Snow ' i 4 ,- nch Precip. .01 inch YEAR AGO: Maximum 8 Minimum Minus 16 announced Wednesday, but in the invasion beachhead to the west headquarters acknowledged loss of Carroceto, 10 miles north of Anzio. Warships again battered the Germans ringing the beachhead and RAF Wellingtons flung block busters in a night attack. U, S. artillery opened up on Monastery hill following the aerial destruction of historic Mt. Cassino abbey, which the Germans had converted into a fortress. German infantry presumably was still in possession' of the key hill, above besieged C a s s i n o , where violent battling swept into its 15th day. The fighting increased in intensity as American soldiers who already hold l-3rd of the town, Yanks Had to Hit Abbey, Emmetsburg Chaplain Declares Allied Headquarters, Algiers, (f) -- Allied headquarters announced Wednesday that photographic reconnaissance had revealed that the Mt. Cassino monastery, which had been converted by the Germans into a fortress, was destroyed Tuesday when subjected to a heavy bombing attack by American heavy and medium bombers. The pictures showed direct hits were scored on the buildings and the roads leading to them and on the ground adjacent to the erstwhile German stronghold overlooking besieged Cassino on the main 5th army front. The American air force disclosed that 4 waves of flying fortresses hammered .the monastery with "many tons" of high explosives and incendiaries. The last waves of bombers dropped the incendiaries and crewmen said the entire abbey hill was blazing furiously when they left." . Capf. Thomas Utility of Hartford, Conn;; a"pttot--in;;tne 2nd wave of heavy bombers said, "my crew reported (hat the enemy fortress blew apart like a pack ot cards. I'm Catholic and I devoutly hope that all the clergymen and sacred objects were removed before the bombs hit, bat the military importance of the objective overshadows every other emotion of mine." Fortress group Chaplain Capt. Ira B. Allen of Emmetsburg, Iowa, said. "I'm sorry the monastery had to be destroyed, but due lo the fact the Germans used it for military purposes there was no alternative." continued the methodical destruction of house after house which the nazis have converted into miniature fortresses. The lull in ground fighting in the beachhead continued, the com- munique reporting only patrol clashes in the Cisterna and Carroceto (Aprilia) areas. Headquarters s a i d Carroceto was in German hands. Fierce fighting has swirled in this neighborhood, with a canning factory there changing hands 4 times. Allied forces -had pushed 4 miles north of Carroceto to the outskirts of Campoleone. 16 miles below Rome, but G e r m a n counterattacks forced them back. While allied heavy " bombers gave direct support to infantry on both the beach and mam 5th army front, A-36 invaders struck a sharp series of blows at railroad yards in the suburbs of Rome plastering the Trastevere and Ti- burtina freight yards through which German supplies and reinforcements were moving southward. {The Paris radio said the Rome area was attacked again Wednesday and that Caste! Gandolfo was hit Tuesday). The Germans launched their first attack in several weeks against 8«h army positions, sending infantry and light tanks against Indian troops. The assault, described as on a "small scale" was beaten back. In the town of Cassino. doughboys were forcing their way through blistering machinegun fire from steel-reinforced concrete pill-boxes in the dwellings. These strongpoinls, protected by armor plate 3 to 4 inches thick, each are held by 2 men,' aiming machine- guns with periscopes without exposing themselves. J»1ASON CITY, IOWA. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 16. J9it HOME EDITION [nnrn Iowa GOP Congressmen Meet With Hickeniooper Washington, (JP) -- Republican members of the Iowa congressional delegation met at a luncheon Wednesday with Gov. B. B. Hickeniooper (R-Iowa). Governor Hickeniooper arrived by plane Tuesday and immediately went into conference with officials at republican national committee headquarters. Buy U'ar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazelle carrier boy. This Paper Consisls ot T-.\ I r\BUKA S O L O M O \BOUGAJNVILLE TA ' s L A A/ D s MUNDA ACNDOVA MALA/TA QUADALCANA HENDERSON FIELD SNNELL SAH CRISTOBAL ® PRESS NORTHWARD-Arhericans seized Green islands, shown by the top -UTOW in the above map, closing a trap on 22,000 Japs still in. the Solomon islands. IOWA BOND DRIVE TO GO OVER TOP Large Single Day's · Buying Boosts Campaign Des Monies, (IP)--Iowa definitely will go over the top in the 4th war loan campaign. That was the word Wednesday from state war finance committee officials after an unprecedented single day purchase ot §29,200,000 worth oE war bonds on Monday sent Iowa's grand total to S169.- 100,000 or 94 per cent of the S177 000,000 quota. The .campaign originally was scheduled to end Tuesday but lias been extended for E, F, G and C bonds to the last week of February. Iowa E bond sales Monday were more than SIX,000,000 and brought the aggregate purchases for bonds of .that type to 545,600,000 or 69 pei- cent of the state's E bond quota. : ' . . · . The committee announced that Iowa's' central" west" region; consisting of Harrison, Carroll, Cfaw-i f.ord, Greene, Shelby, Audubon and -Guthrie counties, had oversubscribed its S5,525,000 goal arid was the. first of 16 regions in the state to go over its quota. NATIONAL CAMPAIGN GOES OVER TOP Washington, (JP)--The $14000000,000 4th war loan drive is over the top by at least 5191,000,000. Although the drive ended at midnight T u e s d a y night, all purchases by individuals to federal reserve banks during the remainder of the month will be counted toward the final total to be announced on March ·». Individual purchases Tuesday still were more than 51.800.000,000 short of their 55,500,000,000 quota Musso Says He's Like Jap Warrior in View Toward Ciano Sentence i Bern, Switzerland, (#)--Benito Mussolini says he's like a Japanese warrior and hopes Japan will understand his attitude toward the execution of his son-in- law. Count Ciano. Der Bund of Chiasso told Wednesday of an interview between Mussolini and a Japanese correspondent. "I had to sentence him (Ciano) to death since I, exactly as a Japanese warrior. put honor above everything else. I am sure the Japanese nation will understand my conduct," Mussolini was quoted as saying. Yankees Seize Green Islands, Close Trap oh 22,000 Nipponese ^Douglas Mac-Arthur announced Wednesday, closing a starve-or- surrender trap on 22,000 Japanese troops to the south. American and New Zealand troops, under cover of air and naval surface strength which included cruisers, landed in an 8 p m. twilight and met only light machine gun resistance, "For all strategic military purposes, this completes the campaign for the Solomon islands," MacArthur said in a communique. The estimated. 22,000 Japanese trapped on Choiseul, Shortland Bougainville and Buka islands to -Uie : scutlv "are- uowjjsolatefl from iheor-sources of supply at Rabaul f Tvnxir Ti-It-, J« \ *t i - . IOWAN CHARGED WITH SABOTAGE Tried to Derail Train Following Argument Cedar Kapids, (/P)--Elmer Fred Schroeder, 30 year old farm hand from Fairbanks, Iowa, was held on §2,500 bond Wednesday after his arraignment on a charge of "sabotage tiled" 1'ri"comfecUon" with" what officers described .as an attempt to derail a train after an alleged argument with a ticket agent. Rock Island Agents D. P. Fagan and -John Devin. who arrested Schroeder, said they believed he had placed a rail anchor on the Rock Island tracks south oE here because he had become angered at a ticket agent in Cedar Rapids Sunday, Schroeder apparently grew irate during a conversation with the ticket agent about train schedules to^Ely, the agenls said. The rail anchor was removed by a track inspector before any trains had passed and Fagan and Devin said they trailed Schroeder s footprints in the snow from the tracks lo the farm where he worked. The federal bureau of investigation joined in filing the charge. Schroeder waived preliminary (New Britain)," he said. ·Starvation and disease arc certain to ensue from the mili tary blockade position which renders hopeless With hearing before U. S. sioner R. L. Whelan. Commis- Aurora Calls Off "Leap Year Day" Because of Shortage of Bachelors Aurora. III., (U.R)--"Leap Year Das-.'' Aurora's gift to bachelor women, had been called off this year because of the shortage of bachelor men, Feb. 23, has been the spinster's day here for 12 years--almost anything goes--but the women decided Tuesday that all the men left "are either too young or too old" and gave them a wartime rest. I MARSHALL CASUALTIES TO HAWAII-Marine wounded li-om the Marshal] island, invasion are shown arriving on a hospital ship at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The marine hospital ship landed more than 350 casualties - L ,.... utl »iujji:it;ss. IVlin t h e i r airfields destroyed and then- barge traffic paralyzed relief of the scattered garrisons is no longer practicable and their ultimate fate is sealed." The Green islands, a'lso known as tho N i s s a n islands, are 40 miles northeast of B u k a island and about 120 miles cast of the Japanese base at Rabaul. where the enemy has been taking repeated and heavy allied aerial poundings. They also arc only ·^0 miles southeast of another Japanese base at Kavicng, New Territory seized by the Americans and New Zcalandcrs is composed of a. group of 3 coral islands forming a horseshoe-shaped atoll by 14 miles. There are a suitable for 16 The operation culminated a ? e TMf of outflanking maneuvers in the Solomons under MacArth- H. r ? direction a n d executed by Halscy, beginning with tho landing at Rendova island last June it also marked a 7,iO mile advance northwestward since the marines stormed ashore at Guad alcana] Aug. 7. 19-12. The latest 'previous Solomons action was the marines' invasion of western Bougainville island at impress Augusta bay on Nov I The army has taken over this beachhead and the invasion holdings now include 2 airfields from which allied planes h - a v c been striking at Rabaul and -Japanese stations remaining in the northern Solomons. Daily air attacks on the airfields at Rabaul helped make possible the easy occupation of the Green islands. The new Brit- am base received savage blast- ings Sunday in 4 raids climaxed around mid-day when Vuna- kanau. Tobera and T. akllnaL air . dromes were hit simultancously with i d tons of bombs Only over Vunakanau was there any interception, which cost the Japanese 7 planes for sure and D more probables. Ei"ht more aircraft were destroyed or damaged on the ground. The allies lost 3 fighters. ROCK BERLIN IN HUGE RAID Physicians Say Chaplin Not Father of Joan Berry's Baby WON'T SEEK OFFICE . l Y , E r C»y. Cal., (U.R-R CP . W A R ° scr V" D - Cal.), said Wednesday he would not seek public office in the November elections. Rogers announced his deciEibn to retire from politico this year at a meeting of district party leaders Tuesday night. HUNT GOLD STANDARD Philadelphia, (^ -- Police are Joking for a thief who's still on the gold standard. He broke into Thomas Annesley's home but took only 25 U. S. gold coins worth S120--ignoring several valuable furs and 2 expensive watches, one studded with diamonds. NAZI CHIEF IN FINLAND URGES TROOP RECALL Reported to Fear Trap Through Peace; Doubt Hitler to Heed Warning Stockholm, fypj -- T h e German commander in northern Finland was reported Wednesday to have urged Adolf Hitler to recall his troops to avert their entrapment by a Russian-Finnish peace, direct negotiations for which appear to be under way. A German source said the request had been relayed lo Berlin by Col. Gen. Edward Dietl and asserted there were indications that a number of transport officers, essential for any large-scale movement, already had bee\i assigned to Dietl's command. The informant expressed doubt that Hitler would follow Dietl's advice, particularly in view of the fact that the Russians recently have, captured vital nickel mines in the Ukraine, leaving Finland as Germany's chief remaining source of that_yital metal. FIXNISri fEOPLE~ " ARE MORE UNEASY Stockholm, (U.R)--Finland's official silence in the face of a flood of foreign reports that she is seeking a basis for peace with Russia has brought increasing uneasiness to the Finnish people during the past 24 hours, reliable private reports from Helsinki said Wednesday. Juho K. Paasikivi, former Finnish premier who negotiated the peace ending the Russo-Fiimish winter war of 1939-40, was still in Stockholm, but there ivas no indication that he has made direct contact with the Russian diplomats here. Obviously, observers said, it will not be easy for Finland (o break o f f i c i a l silence because she still is allied with Germany, with strong German military forces inside the country, and she must be careful not to say anything which could jeopardize her peace attempts as far as the Russians are concerned. Berlin dispatches quoted a German foreign office organ as saying that the Finnish peace moves were treated with "the reserved- ness which German diplomacy always has observed when other sovereign countries' freedom to decide their own fate is concerned." The nazi-controlled ScandinaT- ian telegraph bureau quoted a Willielmslrasse spokesman as declaring that "the time has passed when propagandists- maneuvers are able to influence the outcome of the war." Observers were curious whether (he statement was a thoughtless phrase or the first signal of a German retreat on the Finnish question. the government from prosecuting *him on white slavery and civil rights conspiracy charges. "The federal grand jury indicted Chaplin for violating the Mann act and for conspiring to deprive Miss Berry of her constitutional rights," Can- said. ''He will be tried on those, charges. "The opinions reported by the press concerning the parentage of Miss Berry's child, even if conclusive, are matters concerning the civil action, and are not involved in the pending: criminal charges by the government." Chaplin was indicted on 2 counts of Mann act violation resulting from a trip he allegedly made to New York with Miss Berry and 2 counts of conspiracy to deprive her of her civil rights. Six olhe\ persons were mdicted on the conspiracy charges. Three doctors decided Tuesday night that Chaplin could not possibly have been the father of Miss Berry's daughter, Carol Ann. His attorneys were jubilant. Miss Berry's .were glum. John Irwin, who had represented her throughout her travails in the Beverly Hills jail, the birth ot her child, and the indictments issued ALLIED PLANES SINK 7 SHIPS Also Hit Nazi Barracks Off Dalmatian Coast London, (U.P)--Allied air forces, in an attack on enemy shipping near Hvar island off the Dalmatian coast of Jugoslavia, sank an enemy steamer and C schooners, a Jugoslav communique said Wednesday. Tiie bombers also hit enemy barracks on the island, killing a "very great number'' of officers and soldiers, the communique added. The Moscow radio, quoting the newspaper Novo Vrcmo, reiterated charges that Chetniks under Gen. Draja Mikailovitch and guards under nazi puppet leader Milan Neditch allegedly operated in several incidents against the peoples army of liberation. Heavy fighting was reported in north-central Croatia and northwestern Bosnia as 2 German attempts to pierce partisan lines were smashed. A veteran partisan detachment hurled back a German attempt to break out of the besieged Bosnian town of Bosanska Krupa, 15 miles northeast of'Bihac. CHARLIE CHAPLIN against Chaplin by a federal grand jury, could not conceal his disappointment. "I believed all along that my client was telling the truth," he said. "I feel very sorry for her." The doctors' ruling halted automatically Miss Berry's projected paternity suit against the man who once groomed her lo lie, a movie star. It also halted the SIOO weekly payments .Chaplin had been giving her under stipulations of ,n temporary settlement reached last summer. The blood tests did not affect the federal indictments charging Chaplin with violating the Mann act and conspiring lo deprive Miss Berry of her civil liberties. His lawyers were quick to point out however, 'that the indictments were based largely upon the testimony of the red-haired girl from Brooklyn, who charged in effect that Chaplin had made of her a woman scorned. The physicians' report on the i blood test, accepted under stipulations by both sides, proved that Chaplin's disclaimers of fatherhood were accurate and that Miss Berry had borne her child out of wedlock to some other man. Chaplin appeared secretly Tuesday morning at a clinical laboratory where his physician, Dr. V. L. ndrews; Miss Berry's. Dr. Roy Hamrnick. find a neutral physician selected Uy them. Dr. Newton Evans, drew a thimble of blood Iroin his arms. Two hours later, after Chaplin had left, Miss Berry brought her red-haired daughter to the laboratory. Dr. Russell Starr, who delivered it last October, identified the child and she, too, gave up a portion of blood. The physicians stood by while technicians made smears on microscope slides, and consistently refused to reveal the findings. They agreed they had promised the lawyers not to make public their decision. Not until Tuesday night would Loyd Wright, one of Chaplin's attorneys, (eil what had happened in the laboratory. RAF DROPS 140 TONS A MINUTE ON NAZI CENTER More Than 1,000 Planes Take Part; 45 Lost; Nazi Fighters Weak London, iff)--A mighty armada of RAF bombers clumped more llian '.',801) long tons of high explosives and incendiaries on battered Berlin Tuesday night in a raid which was the heaviest of the war. The terrific bombiiiR, British authorities said, was concentrated in a 20-minute period during which explosives were rained down oil ihc German capital at a rate of more than 110 tons a minute. Never before, so far as known, has any target been subjected to such u bombardment from tho air. Tlie heaviest previous raid on -a. single target was the assault on Berlin the night of Jan. 20, when more than 2.300 long Ions were dropped within a liall hour. Well over 1,000 British aircraft took part in Tuesday night's operations. Forty-five planes were lost. Mosquito crews that fleiv over Berlin after the main attack said a large area was afire, and columns of smoke were rising: 20,000 feet high. ; A communique declared that the bombers "took the offensive .against Germany.. in ( ..,"X?rX ^great strength, flying in "all operations" over 1,000 sorties. ·..,..·!..· "The main objective was Berlin where well over 2,500 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs were dropped, a heavier load than in any previous attack on any objective in air warfare." Lancaster bombers made a feint attack on Frankfurt on the Oder, 50 miles cast of Berlin, while mosquitos bombed objectives in western Germany and Holland. Other planes laid mines. It was the 15th major attack upon Berlin since the RAF launched its obliteration campaign against the capital last Nov." IB. Hundreds of bi bombers launched the delude of bombs soon after 9 p. m., and reluming flyers said that in a matter of minutes a crimson clow sprang up through the cloud screen which obscured (heir views of parts of the city. The flyers said they encountered no more t h a n ordinary antiaircraft fire and only a few night fighters, although enemy interceptors sprinkled flares all over the sky. Indicating the scarcity oE opposition, 35 Lancasters manned by British, Canadian and Australian cvews look off from one field in Britain and 35 came back. Not one bore a .scratch. The a t t a c k i n g force, incidentally, included the largest number of planes of the Canadian bomber group ever dispatched on any single mission. Tlie traffic over licrlin was so congested as the bis planes thundered in on their bombing runs that one pilot reported he had almost bombed another formation of Lancaslcrs beneath him. One Lancaster completed its 02nd raid to establish a record for the RAF bombing command. Prior to last night more than 22,000 (long) tons of explosives had been dumped on Berlin in the current campaign to knock the city out. The stunning intensity ot the raid was brought out by the fact that German censorship had prevented all word of the attack from nazi sources from reaching the outside world up to 12:30 p. m. (7:30 a. m. EWT) Wednesday. Radio Berlin had not e v e n trumpeted its usual claim of a "terror attack 1 ' on civilian districts. Tank Drives Up to Fire Station: Blaze Is Put Out by Firemen ton Beach, Cal., (U.R)--An army tank clanked lo a halt in front of fire house No. 11. Two soldiers hopped out. followed by flashes of flames and the rattle of exploding ammunition. Firemen shoved a hose down the turret until water ran out the tank's ears. The soldiers thanked the fire- eaters politely, got back in the tank and drove back to camp.

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