The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 9, 1936 · Page 18
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April 9, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 18

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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, APRIL 9 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. UOS NEH'SFAl'EB issued Every week Day by ifae MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPAJSX 121-123 East State street Telephone No. 3«tw LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A, NOREM LLOXD L. GEER - ' - Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER. jtSSOCJATED PRESS wSIoU Is exclusively entitles to tile use far publication of all newi dispatches credited to It or not otaerwln credited In this paper, and all local news, MEMBER IOWA DJULX PRESS ASSOCIATION, wltt Da Molnej news and business offices at IDS shops Bulldlct. SUBSCRIPTION RATES MMQD City and Clear Lane, Ksjion city tans Cit«r ijaM, by the year .'. 57.00 by UIB week ( IB OUTSIDE MASON IStSS AND C1.EAB LAKE Per year by carrier J7.00 By mall 6 months ... fa week b, carrier ....*.!» By mall 3 months ... Per year Dy toaU ft X By mall 1 month .... OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE j^r Jeal $8.00 SU months.... W.25 Thnu months... W.76 W.Z6 (1.29 » .60 THOSE DISTANT PASTURES O NE of the amusing aspects of this peculiar world at the moment is the ardent way in which our American intellectuals are plunging into colleetivist ideas, and the equally ardent way in which soviet Russia, which they so much admire, is heading back toward bourgeois economics. Pure collectivists talk of "plenty for all" at a minimum of work and effort, of "share the wealth," of "production for use." In Russia they've been through all that, and years ago they abandoned the idea that all workers should share alike. Now they have a piece work system, a speed-up system and propaganda, and the state-trusts. These, merely our corporations in another guise, are required to ahow » profit or the management is fired. And it is significant that Russia, was unable to raise the standard of living of its workers, by increasing the production of the things they want, until it did abandon the Marxist idea of "from «ach according to his power, to each according to hiis needs." It was only in the last five years, when pay began to be based on results, that the Russian economy began to work. It is true that the profit in Russian business goes to no private owners, but into the state treasury. But that makes no difference to the rank and file of Russian citizens. They have to pay taxes and make profits for the bosses just the same as the citizen of any other country. And they get paid poor, medium or high wages depending on their skill and energy, just like the workers in a capitalist economy. It is somewhat diverting to watch our intellectuals heading enthusiastically for all the mistaken and unworkable ideas that Russia has tried out and discarded. They just don't realize, or won't, that economic law is the same for any economic system, colleetivist or capitalist. Changing the boss makes a difference only to the boss. To the producer and consumer, the general results are the same. What difference does it make to him whether the profit goes .to a private owner of the plant, or to the state? He gets just about as much of what' he produces under one owner as under the other. Because production involves a · certain overhead, material cost, storage and selling cost, and. there's .no .way to get away from it. . Russia hasn't demonstrated' that collectivism can do any of" it any cheaper. In fact, judging by the . relative standard of living here and in Russia, for all workers, capitalism seems to be able to do. it better and cheaper than collectivism. And that's understandable enough. Public ownership inevitably means political management. And it has yet to be demonstrated that politicians are better business men than business men trained to the job. Collectivism destroys the precious element of competition, which inspires increased production, and decreased price. In Russia political management makes a profit by forcing up prices, since there is no competition. The boss makes his--even if he is a commissar instead of an investor. But the worker gets less--he pays for the inefficiency of the commissar-manager. AS GREECE KICKS IN T He United States treasury has received a payment of 35 per cent of the interest due last year from the Greek government, on its 1929 4 per cent loan, which has been to default since 1932. It is an unusual feeling for this country to get back money on foreign loans. Outside of Finland, all our European debtors have defaulted, even Britain. And there is probably more than meets the eye in the fact that the Greeks have suddenly found not only the money but the will to pay something on their obligation. Since the return of King George to the Greek throne the indications that Greece is a satellite of Great Britain have been marked. During Ms exile the king lived in England and fell greatly under British influence. That he should break the solid European front against payment of American debts without consultation with the British. IB highly improbable. It's a fair guess that we shall shortly find other debtors making advances. Greece has broken the ice, and the British and others are probably listening and watching latently, to see what the effect in this country will be. And why, do you suppose? Well, war clouds are gathering once again over Europe. Wars cost money. Wars require enormous purchases of equipment and materials.' Both the money and the materials for the last war came from the United States, chiefly. But debtors who can spend hundreds of millions on weapons, but can't even pay the interest on their honest debts, might not find a warm welcome if they came again with hat in hand. ' Greece, one may guess, was advanced «s the guinea pig to see how Uncle Sam feels now. The Greeks tried to make a deal, but so far as the public knows the payment was without strings to it. The treasury made it definite that the United States accepted the payment ss a partial payment only, and reserved all its rights. An effort to alter the status of the loan to that of a war debt instead of a private obligation was rejected. Greece, whose debt to the United States involves neither, political nor emotional considerations, was probably feeling out- the situation for other powers. Perhaps we shall shortly have overtures from other more Important debtors. And the precedent established in the Greek case should be follorred: Take the money,- but make no concessions as to our right to collect in full. And let it be understood, incidentally, that we «hall finance no future ware. LOOK OUT ^ BELOW 1 The Chicago newspapers' ability to look over governmental graft right in their own city and spot graft in Springfield or Washington has become a matter for remark. Whatever else may be said for or against capital punishment, it most assuredly does have a capacity for getting a murdering kidnaper permanently out of circulation. Remembering what happened .to the.little Lindbergh baby will help you get your mind off Bruno's poor loved ones. Beware of the benefactor who comes saying: "I will help you if you will give up your rights." The Black committee furnishes good precedent for opening private letters at the postoffice. If age is no bar, why isn't Frank 0. Lowden a likely candidate for the. presidency? Hitler wouldn't need to wear that little mustache to be funny looking. You can come on home most any time now, Lindy. The PROS and CONS UNFINISHED BUSINESS Garner Leader: Have AAA checks been big enough to buy out the republican party? That question, which has been asked to political circles, wag interestingly debated by a couple of our farmer friends whom we heard conversing on the subject the other day. Talking over the political situation as it is, one of the farmers expressed the belief that AAA checks which farmers, have received in the past and will receive in the future from the new soil conservation scheme will permanently convert many staunch republicans, who switched to Roosevelt four years ago, into lasting members of the democratic party. This man contended that farmers have been virtually bought outright with government cash. The other man, an old line republican, insisted that he did not believe farmers of Iowa and the middle west will sell their birthrights for two or three AAA checks a year. This year's election will tell the story. TREE BELT GOES AHEAD Cresco Times: The shelter belt from Canada to the gulf has not been getting much publicity of late, but the project is not dead; it is not even sleeping. The forest service reports that tree planting is going on at the rate of 30 to 35 miles a day in a strip 100 feet wide. Planting is being done in Oklahoma, Texas Kansas and Nebraska and it will extend to Dakota during April. Farmers are donating the land and agree to maintain fences to protect the infant trees! The senate is sold on the project and has voted an additional million dollars to the cause. MAGNUS VERSUS ELMER .Albert Lea Tribune: Magnus Johnson, once U. S. senator from Minnesota but now a candidate for governor of Minnesota, says that despite the fact that the farmer-labor party has indorsed Elmer Benson as their candidate he will run on the same ticket. At that Magnus is head and shoulders over Benson, no matter from what angle you look at him. Mr. Johnson says: "I am calling on all farmer-labor voters to avail themselves of their right to vote for the candidates of their choice in the primaries, regardless of any convention action." WILL HE GET ANOTHER SUBSIDY? Hampton Chronicle: When the attention of the Des Moines paper was called to the fake the Register attempted to make a hah! apology,- but excused itself by saying that Carter would get off the government payroll and then give the democratic side of the question a fair deal. Can you beat that?. And what will you bet that Carter does not continue on the payroll in some capacity? MRS. ROOSEVELT WAS RIGHT Osage -Press: Do you remember that remark of Mrs. Roosevelt's, anent the necessity of girls learning to handle liquor and which so incensed us drys a year or so ago ? Well, a visit to a few of the hot spots will make you wonder if she wasn't right after alL WHY NEW HAMPTON WAS CHOSEN New Hampton Tribune: New Hampton was favored with sectional and district basketball' tournaments, because it is best equipped to handle the vast crowds. Superintendent F. J. Moore should be congratulated op. his success in bringing them here. DES MOINES SHOWN UP Rockford Register: Geographically Des Moines may be the logical place to hold the finals of the boys' basketball tournament, but when it comes to manager- ship the Cedar Falls group had the Des Moines group backed off .the map. NOW WATERMELONS! Klemme Times: AAA is spreading out. It announces it is now ready to regulate the marketing of watermelons. Peanuts are already regulated. Next in order comes the cucumber code, or maybe onions. IN PLAIN ENGLISH Elkader Register: In plain English, Jay Franklin was a.political propagandist for the administration out was paid a handsome salary from public funds while posing as a'free-lance writer. SPEAKING OF JAY FRANKLIN Iowa Falls Citizen: The resignation, of course, is only a face saving. The harm has been done and the value of his column, even to the new deal, has been reduced to nothing. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG A BIT OF WEATHER RECOLLECTION MARSHALLTOWN--People are saying: "This weather will not last long." The chances are a hundred to one they are correct, but they may be wrong. More {bap a century ago there was a year without a summer. No crops north of the Ohio, frost, ice, snow, big rivers frozen over in August, wild animals starved and frozen. My grandfather, Amos Grattan, and his wife, bom Abigail Guyant, used to tell me about it She was a daughter of Luke Guyant, Washington's bodyguard, detailed from'Colonel Sheldon's dragoons. They took me in infancy, at my mother's death and brought me up on tales of the revolution and war of 1812. She lived to be 93 and is buried at Waukon, beside her husband, who fought under Scott at Lundy's Lane, where the British were driven back to Canada. Abigail was granted a pension by congress for her father's services, who was shot three times, but survived the war. One tale about Grandma Abigail, told by Grandfather, remains vivid in memory. A wildcat was stealing soap grease from the leanto when she crept up behind him, reached into the barrel about his neck and choked him to death. Soap grease was precious and Abigail was powerful as I know full well by her demonstration of the doctrine that to spare the rod would spoil the child. Mason City publis library will, doubtless, yield information about the "Year without a summer." My books are at Rapidan, Va., where I hope eventually to have access to them, if I can hang on long enough. A Civil war veteran will be buried this afternoon. Of 555 here once, eight or nine remain. M. T. GRATTAN. [DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott AMP , ALL oX SHOULDERS oFACooliE LINE IN EARLY DAYS, /THE HORSE PULLED VARIOUS FLA4 POSTMARKS USED K CAMAPA ·COPYRIGHT. W3S. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. IS INSTINCT SAFE GUIDE IN EATING? I NOTICED in the paper the other day that Dr. T. E. Brown of Baltimore was quoted as having said that Americans are giving too much attention to their diets; that they don't need a planned dietary and that instinct is the best guide for selecting their diets. I agree to this, with some reservations, to a considerable extent. It is difficult to expound the principles of dietary s c i e n c e without creating in some mindg the idea that every meal, or every particle of food we put into our mouths, must necessarily fulfill every test of a sound balanced diet. Instinct has been defined as a "propensity that urges an animal or human being, without exercise of reason, to the performance of actions which are for the most part normally useful or beneficial." Note that this emphasizes the fact that Dr. Clendsninr instinctive actions are for most part, but not invariably, useful or beneficial. Among instinctive actions may be included the suckling of young animals, the pecking of young chickens, nest building, the deposition of eggs by moths and butterflies, and, finally, the selection of foods. Undoubtedly instinctive rood selections in some instances is just as good, or better, than the most liberally planned scientific dietary. The food selection of bees is instinctive and yet has been planned by the interaction of animals and plants for many thousands of years. The way a dog will naturally eat meat and have to be coaxed or cajoled into eating vegetables is an instinctive recognition of the fact that his digestive apparatus is carnivorous in type. Doctor Mendel of Yale published some experiments to show that rats and mice, when offered two diets, one adequate, and the other inadequate, although they did not differ in outward appearance, taste or smell, made selections which were, as a rule, advantageous for their nutritive condition. Among humans, an interesting observation is that of Dr. McCarrison, an English physician stationed in India. A certain tribe in the state of Hunza, living on grains, vegetables and fruits, with a certain amount of milk, butter and goats' meat only on feast days, were found to be unsurpassed in physique and freedom from disease. They live to a great age and this seems to be one of their problems for a humane chieftain suggested to the doctor that instead of bringing the sick back to health' he concentrate his attention pn the construction of a lethal chamber to get rid of those too old to be of any use to the state. However, in communities living in a less natural state, instinct in regard to food is becoming less accurate. The food we eat today is entirely different from the food our grandfathers ate, and while it does little harm for adults to follow their instincts, it is certainly true that infants and children must have a balanced ration. ALL OF US By MAHSHAT.T. HASLIN LAUGHING AT HUSBANDS QBE THAT woman talking over the telephone? Hear « her laughing? Know what she's doing? Know why she's laughing? I'll tell you. She's a wife. She's talking to another wife The two of them are having the grandest time talking about their husbands and laughing and laughing and laughing. They think husbands are funny. She thinks her husband is funny. The wife on the other end of the phone thinks HER husband is funny, too; Each of them thinks the other woman's husband is funny.... Hear the howls or glee! Such happy women! Neither husband thinks he's funny Each of them thinks he's fairly sensible, normally intelligent. But he does know that he frequently does something that" appeals to his wife's sense of humor about men--and then he gets laughed at. Oh, some little thing like buying a pair of pants that looked very nice under the friendly and admiring eye of the salesman--but didn't seem quite so "right" when he paraded them at home His wife took one look at him and gurgled and she still gurgles every time she sees him in them Or she may be still laughing at the way he put the baby to bed Or she may have caught him obeying some masculine code that just seems ridiculous to any woman. Men laugh at women, too. I was at a motion picture the other night where the news reel showed the latest styles in women's hats. All the men laughed, none of the women did But the men's laughter can't be compared with the joyous, gleeful, gurgling, unrestrained laughter of two women when they start telling each other of the latest solemn, almost "small boy" stupidity of their husbands. I guess almost every husband is » natural born Chaplin to the wife ha lives with. EARLIER DAYS FROM GtOBE-GAZEnE FILES Thirty Years Ago-The faculty for the summer institute of the county teachers will include Prof. C. F. Garrett of Sac City, Professor Holmes of Kansas City, Mrs. Hattie Moore Mitchell of Des Moines and Superintendent Brandenburg. Frank Olson took the reins of .office as mayor of Clear Lake at the council meeting of that city last night. James McGowan was appointed city marshal and street commissioner and James Furse night patrolman. Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Conroy left today for Keokuk for a visit. W. D. Ainsworth of Sheldon was in the city today enroute to his farm in Minnesota. The Ainsworth orchestra has been taking a few days off while a new harp is being received, the old one having suffered the misfortune of being placed too close to a steam radiator. Mrs. Johnson of Beloit, Wls., is visiting relatives in the city for a few days. Mrs. Miller of St. Ansgar and Mrs. Zarling of Grafton were in the city yesterday guests, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Radunzel. Twenty Years Ago-William Gilchrist led the International Harvester bowlers to a victory over the International Harvester bowlers of Salina, Kans., in a telegraph match yesterday as he rolled 649. Gilchrist bowled games of 234, 199 and 216. WASHINGTON--Unofficial and unconfirmed reports that Pancho Villa is dead have reached the Carranza embassy but the dispatches are not substantiated. Cerro Gordo. county precincts yesterday elected delegates to the republican and democratic county conventions which will be held later to elect delegates to the state conventions. Miss Marie Strassler of Chicago has. arrived in the city and will hold the position of trimmer in Crawford's millinery store. John Petersburg and Elmer Eversor. visited at Bricelyn yesterday. Ten Years Ago-Keith Parker, son of Mr. and Mrs. Starr Parker, is home for a short vacation from duties at Antiocb. dollege in Yellow Springs, Ohio. CHICAGO--Col. Hanford MacNider of Mason City, Iowa, assistant secretary of war, addressed the National Association of Manufacturers here today. J. H. Holub, local manager of the Western Union Telegraph company, addressed the high school business class today on. "Modem Use and Methods of Telegraphy." PARIS--Finance Minister Peret indicated today that the debt negotiations between Ambassador Ber enger at Washington and the American government were progressing favorably. (Ten years later the French debt situation is still at a standstill with no progress having been made in the past decade.) J. L. Deibert, athletic coach at Clear Lake, was today appointed to the superintendency of schools at Avon, S. Dak. TOMORROW APRIL 19 By CLiRK SaaiAOat first Notable Births--Frances Perkins, b. 1882, woman to be a member of a presidential cabinet 'George Arliss, b. 1S6S, cinemactor Sigmund Spaeth, b. 1885, "the tune detective" John D. Hertz, b. 1879, capitalist and turfman Wilbur L. Cross, b. 1862, professor and governor of Connecticut Good Friday, 1Z78--There is a legend that upon this date Countess Margaret of Henneberg brought forth 365 children, 182 of which were males. They were all baptized in two large brazen dishes, the males being called John and the females Elizabeth. This was said to have been the result of a curse put upon the countess by a poor woman, who, holding twins in ner arms, was denied alms and also insulted by being told that the twins were by different fathers. » » 9 April 10, 1849--A patent on the safety pin was issued to Walter Hunt of New York City. Within three hours after he first got the idea, he had made his first one and sold the rights for $400. # * * . April 10, 1872--The United States had its first Arbor day, as Nebraska carried out the idea of Julius Sterling Morton, 40 year old Nebraska newspaper editor. He realized what, alas, so many farmers do not comprehend even today--that woodless areas must be reforested to avert drought, erosion, sterility. SCRIPTURAL THOUGHT--As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.--Proverbs 28:15. OBSERVING AND HEBE'S WHY MARCH WAS SUCH A WINDY MONTH happened across an inter- 'esting explanation recently -- 'of why March was such a windy month. The wina Wows when there is more air at one place than at others. This causes a. push from the places of more air toward those of less, and the greater this difference in quantity of air the greater the push, and the faster the winds. Difference in temperature causes difference) 'in. the accumulation of air; in March the difference in temperature between the southern and northern portions of the United States is greater than at any other time of the year, hence the difference in atmosphere pressure between these regions is then greatest and the resulting winds strongest. --o-DON'T MIX ENGLISH AND GREEK--FUNK am indebted to H. H. S. for a copy of "The. Key Reporter" in which an extended article is given over to the question of how "Phi Beta Kappa" should be pronounced. This ia, of course, the official publication of the scholarship fraternity. Alt one point in the article Charles E. Funk of Funk' and Wagnalls, publishers of dictionaries and encyclopedias, is called in for an extended opinion. He cut to the nub of his wisdom, I quote: "As I see it, cold logic demands a choice between the so-called English and the so-called continental pronunciations of the Greek letters phi, beta and kappa. There should be no question of a hybrid with English phi, continental beta and English kappa. It should be clean-cut. Either one or the other. I, for one, am tired of pussy-footing. If ahlma mahter was correct in the classroom, it should not became alma mayter off the campus, and when one says alumnye, I want to know if the plural of alumnus is meant or the plural of alumna." The all-English form would be: Phy Beeta Kappa. The all-Continental form would be: Phee, Bayta Kahpa, And I predict that the all- American usage will be: Phy Bayta Kappa--just as it has always been. But it's a lot of fun to argue about it Another featured article in the magazine described the installation of a Phita Beta Kappa chapter at the University of Utah, with Dr. Robert A. MiUikan, president of the California Institute of Technology and vice president of the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa, as installing officer. H. H. S. supplies the interesting information that Dr. Millikan, former Nobel prize winner in science, is the son of a former Mason City pastor, the Rev. S. F. Millikan. He occupied the pulpit of the First Congregational church in the early nineties. The Millikans came here from Maquoketa, it was recalled. Marjor- ie, a daughter of the minister and sister of the distinguished Cajifor- nia educator, now lives in Marshalltown, the wife of Dr. George M. Johnson. Another sister, Grace, teaches school in Des Moineg. The paternal Millikan always memorized his sermons, -H. H. S, remembered, using nary a note. OLDFIELD WOULD SCRAP ·REASONABLE SPEED" IDEA KSsv 3 TM interested' in this free 15ip translation of a talk on **r safety recently made by Barney Oldfield, tne one American most identified with speed in- the popular mind: (1). Scrap the idea of "reasonable speed." There is no such animal. "Return to definite speed limits." The driver is not as civilized as the solons thought. Only the fear of the law can stop many. (2). "Make it less easy to '»pot the cop.'" There are still enough rats on the road to demand traps. It's about the only way to catch ©in. (3)."Give all drivers a thorough, physical overhauling. Mental examination might be included . . . by an alienist. Too many morons are loose. (4). "Inspect . , . brakes, steering gear, tires, etc.," carefully. And it might be added regularly. Careless drivers are careless about other things, as the essential parts of ·their cars. Weed out the careless. (5) "An ill-bred boor crowds and shoves others on the street," as otherwheres. Once a boor, always a boor. (6). "Educational courses fqr children in driving!" Not only in rules of the road, but'in actual driving. (7) Teach the youngsters that "reckless driving is a major earmark of a poor driver." The course might better begin with the dada; for they are usually the teachers. And teachers ought to have certificates! CROPS DON'T GROW WELL IN THE SHADE OF TREES mil ' 1--rl the other day the Seg^ cover page from a farm ^£r magazine. The picture was of plowing operations, with the furrows right up to the very trunks of a row of great trees. This picture reached me from WMP of Nashua, with this comment: "What's wrong with this picture? "Surely the artist responsible for it never had much connection with She farming industry else he would have known that he couldn't get his seed back this close to, the standing trees. It just amused me, the ignorance displayed here. And at the same time I wondered why some of us died in the wool farmers 'couldn't get these 'artist jobs and really do justice to the situation and subject matter." Answers to Questions FREDEBIG J. HASKIH If all the white population of U. S. attended church, how many would be in the average congregation? D. S. Each clergyman would have 716. Tell of Padriac Pearse. M. M. He was the first president of the Irish republic. Born in 1879 and executed May 2, 1916. He was known in Irleand as an authority on Gaelic literature. He was tie son of an Englishman but was born and educated in Dublin. He started out as a barrister but devoted most of his time to literary and educational pursuits. For some time he was editor of the Gaelic Journal and later founded St. Endas scnool, which he conducted up to the time of the Sinn Fein rebellion. He lectured in the United States on Irish ideals and Gaelic literature. What island is Devil's Island of the Pacific? W. B. Guadalupe Island, 180 miles' off the Mexican coast. It has recently been abandoned as a penal colony and the convicts moved elsewhere. Why does "to bell the cat" mean to undertake a dangerous mission? G. D. An allusion to La Fontaine's fable of an old mouse who proposed that a- bell should be hung on the cat's neck, to warn of its coming. A young mouse inquired, who will bell the cat? v Is the skylark injurious to crops? M. F. The skylark is included in a list of birds injurious to agriculture and horticulture and is to be excluded from U. S. by customs officials. Why is the Dead Sea socalled? A. C. No living thing can exist in it due to its extreme salinity. What causes electric light bulbs to turn dark although they still burn? M. S. The National bureau of standards says this is a deposit from the filament on the inside of the bulb. Until the filament is broken the bulb continues to bum. Where Is the English school, Eton? N. T. In Buckinghamshire, in sight of Windsor castle. It was founded in 1440 by Henry VL When did Mrs. Charles Lindbergh's sister die? A. S. Mrs. Audrey Niel Morgan died in Pasadena, Cal., Dec. 3, 1934. What cities besides Oklahoma City use the five cent curb-parking meters? J. H. Dallas and El Paso, Tex., and St. Petersburg, Fla. Has our country ever paid ransom money to a foreign country? E. S. U. S. has paid a total of about $35,000,000 in ransom for American captives. This ransom or tribute money was paid to the Algerine pirates of the Barbary states on the North Coast of Africa in the first decade of the American republic's existence. Annual payments ceased only after U. S. fought and won the Barbary states war in which such, famous commanders as Commodores Decatur, Rodgers and Barron took part. Has Senator Rose Long offered any bills in congress yet? H. M. Senator Long's first bill was a measure to authorize the Marine band to attend a confederate reunion at Shreveport, La., in June. What plays in the nineteenth century had longest runs on Broadway? K. M. Uncle Tom's Cabin broke all precedent in its time by playing more than 300 nights and Ben'Hur, another favorite, ran 234 times. I have heard that there Is in the larger cities a club composed of members whose birthdays are on the 13th of some month. Will you tell me how these clubs are organized, what they do, etc.? F. ~0. The only Thirteen club of which we have .found mention is the one organized 1882 whose purpose was' to defy superstition. Perhaps the Thirteen club whose members' birthdays fall on the 13th of some month is a local organization. What state capital famed for pottery? E. P. Trenton, N. J., has 48 potteries and is the greatest pottery center in U. S. What is the well-known novel dealing with the life of Paol Ganguin, the artist? E. M. ; Moon and Sixpence by Somereet. Maugham. · President's Favorite Yes, the president has several fa-- vorites. One of them is "Home on the Range," and the words and' music are in toe collection that is, offered to the readers of the Globe- Gazette. This fine book contains 205 of the songs we all love to sing,, expertly compiled for voice and. piano. Enclose 20 cents to cover cost,handling- and postage. Use coupon.'" The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskln, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 20 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for "Everybody's Song Book." Name Street City State

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