The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 5, 1945 · Page 10
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January 5, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 10

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 5, 1945
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E D I T O R I A L Hitler Speech Was in Reality a Bid for Compromise Peace MASKED though it was in brag"* gard words, the New Year's day speech given by Adolf Hitler (or a reasonable facsimile thereof) was a plea for peace. It promised the Germans ultimate victory, but not victory on the field of battle. The nazi triumph, it was said, would come at the peace table, for the allies no longer have anything to fight for, while Germany fighting for her very life. In other words, Germany has · lost practically all her conquests and the allied purpose of achieving liberation of Europe is just about complete. So why not make a deal?. DOT Hitler forgets, or chooses *-* not to remind the German people, that his crimes have no1 · been-atoned. German militarism, the constant threat to world peace for a century or more, has not been crushed. Germany still has (her loot. · And tile blood of millions of innocents still cries for revenge from the blood-soaked soil of Poland, of the Balkans and of Greece. Peace now, on whatever terms the nazis would accept, would indeed be German victory. IT is evident that there was a 1 careful. staging of the background for · this alleged Hitler speech. Note was taken of the united nations' disagreement over the Polish and other questions, particularly in Greece and Italy. And von Rundstedt was launched on a large-scale sortie to show that Germany still had power and punch. But the scenery slipped. By the time the program called for Hitler's disguised offer of peace the German columns weren't across the Meuse. They weren't in Liege and they weren't in Antwerp. They were back on their heels, seeking to avoid disaster. Hitler's speech was a ludicrous anti-climax, which probably will not fool even the despondent German people. On the wings of victory alone could it carry conviction. RE-UNION IN VIENNA Decline of 2 Rs THE apostles of the "practical," 1 riding high against the "ornamental" in education again have disturbed some 2,0.00 members of the National Conference of Teachers of English in convention at Columbus, Ohio. Noting a growing trend toward reducing the time allotted to then- subject in the school curricula, the English teachers voiced protest-and well they might. A spokesman warned feelingly of the loss of the ideals of Americanism, the appreciation of its f o l k w a y s , literature, tradition, and heritage in any reduction of student time spent on English. But anyone who has had an opportunity to watch our diplomaed youth the past few years may as justifiably bewail the loss already suffered in the pure and simple and undebatable virtues of good spelling good grammar and basic punctuation. Let the English teachers stand their ground. They'll have a good deal of support from parents who proudly survey-a row of straight "As" or a sprinkle of "Bs" and then -get it all spoiled when Johnny says "They wasn't" and spells it "recieve." It-is almost as bad as that. Ask the man who's hired one. ' Undue Influence IN the last general election, less 1 than 175,000 residents of Alabama (all white-skinned) took the trouble to go to the polls and cast their votes. In. Minnesota, with a like representation in congress and in the electoral college, almost 1,100,000 votes were cast in the November election. A similar contrast could be made with respect to Alabama and Iowa. Iowa's representation in congress and the electoral college is one less than in Alabama. If this doesn't mean that the voter in Alabama has more than 5 times as much influence in the national scene as the Iowa or Minnesota voter, we are incapable of reading the signs. It's a situation which ought to command the serious attention of our national law-making body, it would seem to us. Who'll take the lead? Incompiete Census Up:.VE thumbed through our ex*' changes to find out how many gripers there were against the newly imposed ration restraints on the home front. We found 2 and only 2--the Hearst press and the Chicago Tribune. We should explain, however, in fairness, that our count cannot be considered complete. You see, we receive no papers from either Berlin or Tokyo. Look Out Below The fundamental fallacy of our present 2-3ds treaty ratification requirement in the senate is that actually l-3rd of the senators can defeat a measure favored by both the senate majority and the president. * * · At least until the recent western ·front lighting, deaths on the home front from accidents since Pearl Harbor have run more than 2 to 1 over deaths to American fighting men on all batUefronts. * e a Archibald MacLeish a l w a y s looks a little out of place in any position that isn't essentially "cul tural." Antisocial Salve A NEW germ-killing ointment *"· made from garlic has been announced by a New York chemist. Although it is not nearly as powerful as penicillin, the discoverer Contends it attacks a wider range of diseases. Off-hand, in fact, it may be assumed that a generous wearer of the salve could keep not only Serins but everybody else away. Your Health By Logan Clendening, M. D. A DRAMATIC STORY ' VIODERN surgery came to ma- J " turity just 80 years ago, in the spring of 1865 in the ancient and very Scotch city of Glasgow, when the young and newly appointed professor, Dr. Joseph Lister, found that he could' stop purification- or surgical gangrene, by the application of carbolic acid to surgical wounds. To memorialize the anniversary ;here has been published a biography of Joseph Lister, Father of Modern Surgery, by Rhoda Truax (Published by Bobbs-Merrill Co ) it is the first popular full length biography of Lister designed to be understood and read by the layman. The story it tells must sure- y be of vital interest to every modern man and woman. I did not say that modern sur- jery was born under Lister's direction. I said it came to maturity. The most important problem of-surgery was to render the pa-r ient insensible to pain during an operation--anasthesia. That was also thejSubject of an anniversary ast month with the celebration of Horace Well's use of nitrous oxide, or laughing gas. But we described that yesterday.' It is difficult' for a modern to -ealize the condition in early 1865 lefore Lister's discovery. Surgeons had learned to control hemorrhage and they could put patients to sleep for a surgical procedure. Ether, nitrous oxide and chloroform had all been introduced. But whenever the surgeon's knife touched a part of the jody, infection occurred--suppura- :ion, the formation of pus and finally gangrene--hospital gangrene it was called. No surgeon in those days dared open an abdomen, a chest, a brain cavity, dared operate on disease at all--only accidents and wounds. All the hundreds o£ helpful opera- ions that have been done every morning this week in the hun- dreds'of hospitals in our country were forbidden him. The help hat any of my readers may be contemplating from a surgical operation was then not a matter of choice--it was utterly forbidden. When a patient came in with a crushed leg from an accident, when in the just finished Ameri:an Civil war a man was wounded by a bullet, the surgeon operated and took a chance, but he did it n full knowledge that it might end fatally from infection, the :ause of which he did not know, he control of which completely jaffled him. We know now, of course, that it was due to the entrance in the wound of germs, which are everywhere in the air, on the instruments he uses, on the ligatures, dressings, hands of operator and issistants. These can be destroyed y boiling the instruments, steril- zing the dressings,.and cleansing he hands and the patient's skin, Jut of that our surgeons of 1865 were entirely unaware. Joseph Lister happened to stumble on Pasteur's description of minute organisms which caused purification. But it was really the experience of the city of Carlisle in its destroying ,of the smell of its sewage and garbage by the use of carbolic acid that influenced him most. In the cold and icy winter of 1865 in Glasgow when there were many accidents he tried the application of it to compound fractures and managed to save limbs that would otherwise have been lost. Soon the knowledge was world wide arid modern surgery was started on its brilliant path. Modern surgeons have improved Lister's technique, but his fundamental ideas ·-till nrc- vail. Pros and Cons Interesting Viewpoints From Our Exchanges Indictment Stands Sioux City Journal: ft/lore and more the American people are declining to m a k e distinctions between Germans and nazis. If ever a whole people should be held responsible for its government's acts, the Germans ought to be made to face the music when this war is ended. They have'stood by Hitler, Himmler, Goering, Goebbels and the rest, took all the loot they could get their hands on and were delighted to have other peoples' property. Meanwhile no expression of sympathy for the war's victims emanated from Germany as the voice of public opinion. Yes, the indictment stands. A Tough. Nut to Crack Marshalltown Times Republican: An Iowa attorney for the O. P. A. and representatives of Iowa automobile dealers, admit a sizable black market in used cars. Ceiling prices tend to keep the good used cars out of the hands of legitimate dealers, leaving them the "hacks," so dealers say. One official of an Iowa dealers' organization thinks only about 20 per cent of used car sales in Iowa at the present time are legitimate. An enormous supply of cash in the country makes black market operations easy. Airy Nonsense Waterloo Courier: Russian suspicion of her allies is perhaps understandable, if lamentable; but we cannot admit the right o£ France to follow the Russian lead in this matter. Here is the perfect example of the way the United States fails to win a success for its diplomatic policies after our military objectives have been won. 1£ we cannot win even French support for our post-war policies, in view of what we have done for France, then our foreign policy is -o much airy nonsense. Mealy mouthed Government · Estherville D a i l y News: The O.P.A. reports that cancellation of outstanding shoe coupons is "not being considered." T h e s e are rnealymouthed words which say, in effect, that government repudiation of its promise is not contemplated--now! What this country cries for are responsible, scrupulous administrators; not stooges who must invariably leave exits open for retreat from their policies when so commanded by the capricious Kitchen Cabinet. Tom Dewey is Lucky Britt News-Tribune: Tom Dewey is fortunate that he was not elected president. The way the war is going with Germany, had is been elected, he would' have 3een blamed for the backset of the army. Those fellows who are so successful.in "dispelling the fog" would probably have charged that the army had lost confidence because of changing command ers-in- chief. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EOJTOB'S Sort--Header. .Tallin* tnemselTet of (Ms icrvlce for question* of fact -- cot counsel -- afiontd f(D their full nmme and md dress and inclose 3 c e n t s for return posUie. Address Globe- Guictte InlormiUon Bortt'u. ' D , D. c . Editorial of Day NAZI MURDEK PAIRMONT DAILY SENTINEL- 1 More than 16,350,000 civilians --men, women and children--have been ruthlessly murdered by the nazis in occupied Europe, according to the editors of True magazine who have compiled the first total ever made of German massacre of civilians. This grim toll, pared to the lowest estimate and checked with official sources, has been broken down nation by nation. Russia leads the grisly parade with 10,000,000. slain; Poland next with 5,000,000; France's 50.000 murdered does not include 1,000)00 children who, accordino to 3e Gaulle, died of starvation. The 13,000 civilians m u r d e r e d in 3reece does not include the 500.)00 Greeks who starved to death as a result of German policy. In Yugoslavia, with a pre-war popu- ation of 16,000,000, more than 1,000,000 were callously put to death. The Netherlands civilian dead number 145,000 and the Czechs lost 60,000. Belgium's toll is 15,000. Scandinavia fared better with the nazi oppressors with 750 Norwegian civilians assassinated and 75 in Denmark. The incredible total of civilian lead points to a program of systematic extermination of conquered populations who disagree .vith the Master Race. These mil- .ions of murdered civilians win undoubtedly ^aiint the peace table when the war is linully won. How many railroad bridges are there in the United Slates? About 190,000 of all kinds and sizes, the longest extending for 12 miles. ·· ' Is a soldier stationed In Hawaii overseas? He is considered on foreign duty for pay purposes. What are the duties of a fireman in the navy? They include firing and tending boilers; operating/ adjusting and -repairing pumps; directing safety precautions in emergencies; obtaining engineering data and entering them in the log, Is there any provision for allowances to dependents of men In the merchant marine? Dependents of merchant marine personnel are not eligible for fam ily allowances under the Servicemen's Dependents Allowance Act of 1942. Do army officers have to buy their own uniforms? An initial uniform allowance is provided newly commissioned officers in the army. Replacements must be purchased by the officers themselves. Must an American soldier have permission to marry"' a New Zealand girl? Army personnel on duty in any foreign country must obtain the permission of their superior officers if they are to marry. Who founded the town where Slalin was born? The town of Gori was founded by King David II of Georgia in A D. 1123. Are cats able to see in complete darkness? Cats cannot see in absolute darkness, but their vision in a faint light is ,much better than that of most animals. REMEMBER? FORTY YEARS AGO - Chief of Police Goodwin found 28 boxes of cigars this morning under some old threshing machines near the Baptist church. The result of the find has at last located the goods taken from the restaurant of Mrs. Wells on the South Side some two weeks ago . . . The boxes were slightly warped as a result of the contact with the moisture but the goods were not damaged in the least. The Presbyterian work in Mason City has met with much encouragement since regular services were established the first of November. Several parties have expressed a desire for an organization and the first steps toward organizing will be taken at the service next Sabbath afternoon. Rev. C. H. Purmprt, D. D., of Cedar Rapids, synddical missionary for Iowa, will be present to assist Rev W. S. Crozier. THIRTY YEARS AGO . Prof, and Mrs. Gilmore of St. Louis who have been visiting at the home of Mrs. Blythe's parents Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Blythe, have returned to their home. Mr. Gilmore is superintendent of the public schools of Webster Grove a suburb of St. Louis. During their visit in this city, Mrs. Gilmore has been the guest of honor at several dinners tendered her by ·· her friends. _ Thursday evening at the home of the Misses Tiliie and Doris Luridsman several guests were entertained at a- New Year's 'watch party. About 30 attended, most of whom were members of the Luther league. Various games were enjoyed during the evening and music was furnished by the vic- trola. Allen Gustafson and Rev- Mall gave some very enjoyable piano selections. TWENTY YEARS AGO Mr. and Mrs. John Mills and daughter returned last week from a six months stay with relatives near Manchester, England. Washington--Government officials are expecting new appeals will be made for them to "do something about the radio." It seems that since John McCormack and Luerezia Bari, two stars of the Metropolitan opera company, actually have sung to a radio audience estimated as big as 6,000,000 persons, the theater and amusement managers of the country have burst forth in a new tirade against the new "menace" o£ this thing of air and ether which takes entertainment into the homes of the people and stops them from venturing forth at night. TEN YEARS AGO Miss Betty Chapman,. daughter' of Mrs. Myrtle Chapman, Kirk apartments, has returned from | Clarion where she spent the holidays. While there she had the honor of being chosen the most attractive girl on the floor at a New Year's eve dance at the I. O. O F hall. Flemington, N. J.--Charles A. Lindbergh, attending the trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann for the murder of his infant son, carried loday the revolver he has worn beneath his left armpit^for 5 years as protection against threatened bodily harm. OBSERVING Some Famous 4-Fs hope that this little list of famous "4-F's" of history will bring comfort to some lad who' has found physical disability a barrier between him and active service in this war. ' Lord Byron had a clubfoot. Robert Louis 'Stevenson and John Keats had tuberculosis Charles Steinmetz and Alexander Pope were hunchbacks. Admiral Nelson had only one eye. Edgar Allan Poe was a psychoneurotic. Charles Darwjn was an invalid; Julius Caesar was an epileptic. Thomas ' Edison and Ludwig Beethoven were deaf. Peter Stuyvesant had a wooden --V--' V-Mail ^Christmas Cards ·^~~ am pleased to pass along this little request to readers from the Iowa State Historical society at Iowa City: "Thousands of Iowa men and women have just spent Christmas at widely scattered outposts 'that mark the far-flung battle fronts of Amercia at v/ar. They have received millions of Christmas greetings from home and in return have sent cards back bearing their own Yuletide sentiments. "Many of these servicemen's greetings originated from such distant, lands as China, India, and Iran, Italy, Sicily, and Corsica ONE HABIT YOU CANT OVERDO IS THE SAFETY HABIT CERRO GORDO COUNTY SAFETY COUNCIL ,' France, Belgium, and Holland, A u s t r a l i a , New Guinea and Leyte. , "Because of their unique nature it is believed foreign V-Mail Christmas cards would form an interesting chapter in the story of Iowa's contribution to World War "The State Historical society of Iowa is interested hi collecting as many of these V-Mail cards as possible. Families and friends of lowans at the front are urged to send to the State .Historical society at Iowa City cards which they do not care to keep." --V-Ban on Horserocing ~~ feel no impulse to shed tears over the recent action of federal authorities in placing a ban on horseracing during the year ahead. As a sport, racing has much to commend it. Buf the seemingly in- evitable gambling that has grown up with it in recent years projects a disturbing condition that goes beyond war emergency. In Florida, for example, the take by the betting commissioners reached a surprising total. The amounts bet on the races touched astounding heights. The same condition was revealed in New York state and in other popular racing centers. Another factor not to be neglected is that absenteeism from war industry has reached its highest peak in those regions where workers have access to racetracks. Long ago, confidence faded in the efficacy of attempting to legislate morals. Betting, however, involves not only the moral issue but a grave economic problem. Money risked on the ponies has developed a flourishing business which leaves a trail of injured men and women. If the federal officials decide to ban racing for the duration of the war, the results may awaken thousands. --V-Information, Please! 1. What tamous actress continued her career, during her old age, with only 1 leg? 2. Who was the first woman appointed to the French academy? 3. What' is J. E d g a r Hoover's first name? ANSWERS--1, S a r a h Bernhardt; 2, Madame Curie; 3, Jot The Day's Bouquet To CERRO GORDO COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS--for making possible the organization of a. rural library setup in this county through the levy o£ a quarter mill tax. This 'extends the library-facilities of Mason City and Clear Lake to all rural residents of the county. Under the boardS chairmanship of M i s s Hazel |i Thomas we know the plan will! work out most effectively. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the , GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING CO. 121-123 East State Street Telephone 3800 Friday, Jan. 5,.l9t5 Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1930. at the postofflce at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS. Th» Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republlcattoo of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper' and also the local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES MasoQ C!ty and Clear Lake by year, $10 Mason City and CJear lake by week, 20o Outside 100 Mile Zoue--Per year SIO; 6 months 55.50; 3 rnontfts S3; 1 month 51. Outside Mason City arid Oar lake and Within 100 JJtles of Mason City and Outside of the. Carrier Districts ot Mason Cily and Clear take: Per year by carrier .' $10.00 Per week by carrier : JM Per year by mail 5 7 0 0 By mall e months 5 3.75 By'mall 3 months 52.00 1 -month Furrowed . Fancies By Ray Murray ' of Buffalo Center TAKEN FOR GRANTED I should iwl ivate prclenie I Itnow How God products wind or mow pr -why x sun-wanned a«cd will irow- I can not know. I shall no[ mike believe 1 ken ""hat stir, lh e latent soolj of mtn To ntter*nc« with tonctie or ptn-- I can not fcen. I ihall nol f!»im 1 unUcrM.\nd How formed ihr u-arrr^ and the land, AH K too nonderfal and srand To understand. 00£S IT .NOT STRIKE 'VBU HAVE HA9 NO W080 PRCM 0J3. BRAVE LSAOSU AND HIS SEAKH '..MS HAVE jaaNSYsD A8CXND THE ISLE. NOSISN '·-.Satt5THIN IS v= VOURE HOT A^AO XTHAT O.K -W AV5,SCCRCHy?lVE JSTOSM. ITS TO.O VOJ AUI CAN,/NONE Of MY ABOUT MySEUP... vA BUSINESS' OS TH3 TWO YANKEES, SUIMPSE Of- AVDVSMSNT/ COULO IT 3E THOSE \VE 4//1SEE rr is YANKcc I'M GONNA ASK GRANDPA IF- HE CAN GET A PRIORITY ON A NEW TIRE. AND THEN WATCH ME HISM-HAT HER? YES: SURELY: K GLAD TO. COME OVER AND III EXPLAIN HOY) Vffi COULD PROVE JW FENDER WS-DEMTED BETOE THE MIS5 WHO TURNED EXPLAIN IT WH/jTC THAT.BfTSON? YOU HAVE? ' . YOU'VE DISMISSED THEPflOCEEWGS? 600DJYOU WERE WISE, iSEKTLEMEW/- HORSES/' WVWTH THE M4K1U5 VOUR HORTHE YES, MISS] b"OR BUT ITS YOUR *foUWE!?E ENGAGED WcDOJNGGOWM.'" HELLO VINNfE// WEM/ ==/ SIZE-MODEL) ADRESSFOI?! ME/ MAVBEYOU'D LIKETOSEE WHAT A BEAU- YOU HWIEWT FORGOTTEN HEY.IGETITNOW.TIMAK - UNTIL SPWLE SHIP SftFELV THE CRYSTAL DOORS, HAVE EXMTVLV/ ANbTHEN-BV YOU PLAN TO SEND A CRYSTAL BEPOSIT6.1T5 CRYSTAL uOORON MEAN6 OF THE CRYSTAL DOOR DOOR IHEWW OF THESE SPACE SHIPS - WE WL MAKE THE TRIP THROUGH SPACE IH SAFETY;

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