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14 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MARCH 18 T931 NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS Â· ^ JÂ«i" "' " ' ^^ -- ' TM Â· ^ ^^^ ' i ' Â· - Â· ' . - Â· Â· . . . . ' , ' . Â· Â· . . . Â· Â·' ; Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· . ' Â· -rÂ»-rimnnT*TÂ» a'r\TSf\f\T O BETTER ROADS BETTER FARMING L. THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD BETTER SCHOOLS BETTER SOCIAL LIFE SILO IS BOON TO FARMER IN DRY TIMES-JENKINS Storing of Silage Is One of Oldest of Agricultural Processes. By ARTHUR H. JENKINS Editor, The Farm Journal Written for Central Press '; , Â· ' f- THOSE , PARTS .of the farm country .'that.are well equipped ;_witb gilos are apt to be the least handicapped by dry weather. . Many such sections came to the conclusion last summer that: theic corn -crop would be below par, and thereupon they cut their corn, chopped it up and put.into the old reliable silo for,this winter's feed- iUET ' ' ' ' The 1930 farmer, particularly the one with dairy cows, would feel lost without silage. And'this is the more i-emarkable, since the silo has been known in the United States for something less than 50 years. Yet the storibg of silage is one of the oldest of agricultural processes, and one of the simplest. What Is Silo? What is a silo? It is any kind of a tank or pit, airtight as nearly as possible, built so that moisture will drain out the bottom without letting air in. Of course there is a best form of silo, which is cylindrical, narrow and deep. Â· .\ Into this tank is put chopped corn of whatever crop is to be "ensiled," and as the mass settles with its own weight, more is put on top until the silo fs nearly .full. Then a covering of straw or chaff is usually put over the-top, and the job is done. Â· Immediately natural processes begin .their task. Fermentation starts in, the .chopped corn, and this continues' until the oxygen In the air is Â·used up, ,and replaced with carbon dioxide gas. : _ Fermentation can go -no further, and in this condition, buried in a tankful of gas, the silage will keep indefinitely if air is kept.out. The Jayer at the top is next the air, and for this reason there is always some spoilage;! but ' not enough to be perious. Â· Has Distinctive Odor. Silage as taken out for feeding Is moist, soft, and has a distinctive. Oder, slightly acid but rather pleas- VaHFwnen you are'accustomed to it: J? Pit silos and trench silos, scooped out of the earth, are often used, particularly for temporary emergencies. Both are effective as far as preserving feed is concerned, but there is much more spoilage, and they have various other drawbacks. Neither is more than a makeshift, as ,compared with .a silo -oÂ£ the standard type. ' / ,,_ Look with friendly interest/at the tall cylinders you see attached,to the dairy barns. In them, sweet and fresh in a nice bath of carbon dioxide gas, are the makings for the rich milk: and fragrant butter you will be eating next February. 3.45 Cows in Butler County Are on Test, According to Report Three hundred forty-five - cows were on test in February, according to the regular monthly report of the Butler Cow Testing association Forty-nine cows were dry. ' The association average for the jnonth (including dry cows) was 635 pounds milk, with ,25.1 pounds fat. There were 45 cows producing over 40 pounds fat, eight producing over 50 ! pounds. High cow for February was a grade Jersey awoned by Louis Ramker with 1,056 pounds milk and 57 pounds fat. Second'was a.Hoi- stein belonging 1 to Â· Walter Detra with 1,299 pounds'milk and 54.6 pounds fat. Others with cows pro' ducing over 50 pounds were H. H. Holzschuh, Claude Sismore, Burt Curtis, and F. H. Schmakeke. High, herd for the month was the . eight pure bred Holsteins belonging to; Burt Curtis. They averaged Â».- 207 pounds milk -with 37.9 pounds fat. Second was Walter Detra's ten grade Holsteins with 1,026 pounds milk and. 36.4 pounds fat. Third was. O. E. Sutcliffe and S.on, 15 grade Holsteins with 1,031 pounds milk and 35.6 pounds fat. ' Twenty-two members were feeding silage and 20 a high protein concentrate. Ten were feeding alfalfa hay, three bean hay, six clover bay and three mixed 'clover and timothy. . A1J 23 members were feeding a grain I mixture. The association now has all '; pure bred" sires. CLUB BOY^ WINNER EARLY SETTLER TELLS OF BIRDS NO LONGER SEEN "Burroughs of Iowa" Is Title Given to E. E. Brown, Veteran ^Collector. By ARTHUR PICKFORD In the village of Fertile lives E. E.- Brown, an old gentleman in the eighties. He might be called the John Burroughs. of this part of Iowa. His collection of geological specimens is rare; lie has remains Robert Pine and his pigs. Cheater Whites.. Pine likes white hogs so he bought Winner of Wilson Trophy Declares Club Work Pays WAY FOUlf TO T FIGHT DISEASE of buffalo, deer, Indian relics and a collection of wild flowers that are on the verge of becoming extinct. He is still collecting.. He is one of the few persons left who have seen the Passenger'Pigeon when It, was not only a wonder but also a pest. "As a youth on a farm in Southern Wisconsin, 65,years ago, where these birds were so plentiful, I had a chance to observe and-study^ their habits," "he says. Some Â· ide*, bÂ£ their numbers may he-gained when we read of one of,, their nesting grounds 28. miles long and 3 miles wide and 100 nosts in one tree was nbt uncommon. , "But' they have disappeared from the face .of the earth and their vanishing 'is an unsolved mystery.'It hardly seems possible that the ruthless hand of man alone is'despon- sible for their complete extermina' Ion BO quickly. The passenger igeon was a migratory bird and t was during these long, nights jrom the southland to the far north iat he traveled In those .vast flocks that actually did darken the sun. Fly High Above Earth "When the air was quiet (wind not blowing) they flew high above the earth and they were rapid flyers. When the wind was bldwing they kept closer to the earth (the reason is obvious) and could easily be reached with the old-fashioned shotguns. "Acorns, in the fall of the year, when they were plentiful, formed the principal part of their diet but in the. springtime. when they were making their . northward flights and stopped for food it was x the farmers' \vheatfields 'that suffered from their depredations. No matter how large the fields'were, the flocks we.re always larger and when they got thru with a field (all grains were sown by hand In those days) not a kernel that wasn't covered would be left and the field had to be resown. Â· "It was while this writer as a boy was stationed with ,a shotgun in the field while the workmen were at dinner .that he got a chance to study' the habits of these birds. Pick Up Grain "One of the peculiar habits of the passenger pigeon was the way they so quickly picked up every uncovered kernel of grain in the fields Unlike most gregarious birds they did not scatter promiscuously over the field but rather there was order in their mode of attack. . The birds u the rear 'of the line were constantly flying up,and over and setting to the ground again just ahead of those in the front line; in other words, the. rear line'"was constantly making the advance line and in this manner they crossed, the field' at about the same pace that brisk walker would cover it. "It made no difference' whether it was a 40 acre field or a whole farm, there were 'birds enough to cover it and make a cleanup of every seed in sight and then some would be hungry. When they left the field had to be resown or planted to some other crop." We read that Portsmouth, Ohio, supplies more than half of America's spats. And Reno, Nevada, 'exploits th.em.--Weston Leader. Boy Likes Chester Whites; Pays $65 to Schmedka for Bred Gilt. By ROBERT PINE AsToId to Arthur Pickford In the spring of 1927 I decided to join a pig club. I liked white hogs so i bought a Chester White bred gilt of Mr. Schmedka of Clarksville paying $65 for her. In .March 17 she farrowed nine, large strong pigs. Six sows and three boars. I showed in the pig club at the North Iowa fair that fall and won first on litter, first on gilt and second on boar, winning 520 cash ^premiums. Â·'" : Sold two boars for 565, one barrow weighing 245 Ibs. for $29.65 and I kept the six gilts. ' Receipts first year $351.95. Feed cost, $81. Net profit for the year, $270.95. ' .. The'original sow and the six gilts were bred to a board that cost me $65. . They farrowed on March, 81 pigs and I raised 73 of them. In June- I sold 40 pigs for $7.50 each, or $300. ; , Shows at Fair. I showed my pigs at the North Iowa fair, again and .won'practically, everything in the .pig club class. In the open class I got grand 1 champion on herd boar, first, third and fourth on gilt, first, second and third on young boars, junior champion sow, junior champion boar and Experiments Save $500;000 Annually to Onion Growers; AMES, March, 18.-XExperiments at Iowa State college which have led to the conquering of "yellow dwarf," a virus disease of onions, have been worth an estimated $300,000 a year to truck farmers in the Pleasant Valley district near Davenport. In 1927 and 1928 the disease caused a loss of nearly 50 per cent of the onion crop on about 1,000 acres;which normally 'produce a return of more than $600 an acre a year.'In 1930 there were only traces of the disease on the farms whicb" were handled according to the recommendations of the college, and this year it is expected that there will be practically no damage from the disease. \ W. J. Henderson, graduate' student in plantj pathology, has been in charge of the .erradication ;work un^der 'the direction J of Dr. I. 'E. Mel; hus, .head of the botany and plant pathology department. The infection cannot always be de- .tected on the onion-'sets, but a plant from one infected set will spread the disease to' an entire field. Mr. Hen- sow .winning in | derson procured sets from the farmers and planted them in the' green- I sold nine boars for | house to determine whether a farmer could safely use.his own sets for grand' champion cash $90. That fall $315. Seven gilts for $210, two bred Hits! $75. Twelve head went to-the planting. Growers whose sets were Dutcher at $9.80 averaging 241 Ibs. 1 foun each totaling $283.42, making the found to be infected were advised to ^ u ^ u _,,,._. ., , = Ret others from a. disease-free area. total' amount" sold'fro'm the spring I Sets for planting: are now being litters, $1,273.42. '1 grown from adapted varieties plant- These same sows farrowed again I ?d in disease-free areas, in September. They saved 71 pigs making 144 p.igs * n ^ vear - I. sold 45 of these pigs foe $6 each or $270. Late in the winter 15 of them brot $180. ' . ' ' . . ' : I lost five of the pigs and carried six over into 1B29 which I valued at $65. Â·Total amount received for spring and fall litters was $1,794.20. Goat of feed including buttermilk and pasture, $604. Net profit for the year 1928, $1,-190.20. Starts ~Witb Seven Sows. Started'the year with seven old sows and four gilts. In February sold three old sows, to /packing house for $35. March, four sows farrowed 37 pigs, raised 34. In April sold two sows and 18 pigs.for $175 and won premiums at fair of $40. Also sold five boars for $165.-Sold 11 head in November to butcher for S230, a fall gilt and seven pigs for ; Farm Sale Dates Claimed March ' 2ft--Consignment Sale, M. C. Fairgrounds, Oro Bay, less, Sales. Manager. To Get Your Sale Date in / This Column Jost fill out coupon and mail it to the Globe-Gazette, care of V. C. HICKS (Please .Write Plainly) Town Date of Sale.. , $50. Total sales for 1929, $795. Feed cost, $321. Net profit, ?474. Started the year with two old sows and four .fall gilts.' In March the old sows farrowed 19 pigs- I saved 15 of them. Showed again at the North Iowa fair. Besides winning everything in the pig club class I also\won in the open class first and grand champion in herd boar, second on . young boar, Â· second on gilt, second on young herd, second on get of sire, second on produce of dam. x Total winings, $53. Sold two boars $65; Have now on hand six boars estimated value, $210;. five spring gilts, $200; ,-six old sows, $240; 12 fall .pigs, $80. Total value, $858. cost of feed to date including milk and pasture, $200; net value of stock on hand ?658. ' .Â· . Makes ?2,89S Profit. My four years of'club work with Chester Whites starting with one sow has netted me above cost of feed $2,593.15. ' ' My club work has taught me to tell a good pig when I see'one and I have learned to feed a balanced feed. I have learned to save breed- Ing gilts from big litters. I buy pure bred hoars from' reliable breeders and endeavor to give my pigs sanitary surro'uudlngs and to keep them growing from the time they come until they arrive at the packing plant I was much pleased to get the Wilson gold medal for the best all around meat animal club record, for Cerro Gordo county. [Testing' . Enter State Contest LAKE MILLS, March 18.--The Lake'Mills and, Scarville cow testing association has 'entered the "Better Sire Contest," an all state contest. The purpose Is to determine which' association has the best group of 1 dairy herd sires as to the production of their ancestors and and offsprings. . . .' Pictures will be. taken of eacl sire and extended pedigrees will b obtained for each one. Those ar compiled into the "Bull Re core Book" and sent to Ames where th bulls will be judged according t type shown in the picture and t lie production records of both-an cestors and .offsprings., ; " Prizes will'be awarded to the association having the best group ,of dairy sires as a .whole, and to the association having the best group of five bulls-in each dairy herd. SUB** B'GOS Profits are shaved when Income taxes are filed.--Winston-Sal em Journal. THE nmiz -- WORLDS CATERPILLAR REG. tJ. S. PAT. OFF. Will Help You Keep That Early April Plowing Date A "Caterpillar" With High Clearance for Row Crop Cultivation Here's a new tractor that gives you all the "Caterpillar" advantages plus high clearance of 22 inches for better row crop cultivation. This new High Clearance "Caterpillar" Ten rides in a straight line. over your growing plants, without touching them. Like all "Caterpillars " it maneuvers quickly in close quarters--guides heavy implements accurate. ly. It saves fuel by its sure, track-type trac-- tion that prevents slipping and power losses. The High Clearance "Caterpillar" Ten is specially designed to do f o u r seasons of farm work for the row-crop farmer. AKE a dftte now to start farming your fields early next month. Then get a "Caterpillar" Track-Type Tractor, and you'll keep that date. With this tractor on the job, there's no holding back for the footing to get right. Eegardless of the weather or the condition of the soil, the "Caterpillar" is ready to start work whenever you are ready. Best for plowing "Caterpillar" tracks find sure footing despite treacherous going. "Caterpillar" rugged power whips steep grades and hard packed soil;.its non- slipping traction-conquers the soft,'boggy spots of early spring. Ihe "Caterpillar" hugs the fences; helps you work out the corners. It turns on its heels and you don't have _to lighten the load for turning. Consequently, your whole field'is worked uniformly . . . every acre made fully productive. . Best for seed-bed "Caterpillar's" tremendous working power at the.drawbar enables you to pull wide tools and kill weeds by the .wholesale. With this tractor, you can do more work in less time . . . and on less fuel. Because the "Caterpillar" exerts no" more weight per square inch than a man's foot, you can work the softest seed-beds over and over again without harmful packing. And, when you're ready to start planting, you've got a real seed-bed u . . velvety, mellow and weed-free. Best for planting PRICES Ten - FWteen H Twenty Thirty Sixty $1115.00 ' J.470.00 1927.61) 2410.00 ~ 4245.00 Where a "Caterpillar" pulls the planter, vows are straight, uniform and easy to tend. The "Caterpillar" rides in a bee-line because its posit'ive traction prevents side slipping, and its steadily delivered power eliminates wabbling motion, even in tough spots. It goes where you stavt it, and keeps going straight as a string. Keen-minded farmers are buying the "Caterpillar" because it makes them boss of the weather. With a "Caterpillar," you raise your crops better . . . quicker ... . cheaper . . . a n d easier. Get full information about this steady.worker. Send us your name and address on the coupon today for "Caterpillar" facts. -Cook Tractor Equipment Co. 125 North Jackson Ave.,, ' Mason City, Iowa T U N E IN! Every morning, except Sunday, Radio Station WLS ot Chicago carries a "Caterpillar" program beginning at 6:45 A. M. A real farm broadcast. I GIBBS-COOK TRACTOR EQUIPMENT CO. 123 North Jackson Ave^ Mason City, Iowa. I want the full facts about "Caterpillar" Tractors. Please send me complete information concerning "Caterpillar's" year 'round work on the farm. I I If r Â· til a --r.