The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 19, 1934 · Page 3
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April 19, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Thursday, April 19, 1934
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THURSDAY. APRIL 19, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LEE SYNDICATE NEWSFAPEB Issued Every Week Day by tbo MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMl'ANJT 121-123 East State Street Telephone Ko. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLO*D L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor . - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and Clear Lake, Dy the year 57.00 fcy the week * -15 OUTSIDE MASON C1TV AND CLEAK LAKE Per year by carrier 57.00 By mall 6 months $2.00 Per week by carrier .... $ .15 By mall 3 months 51.25 per year by mall 54.00 By mall 1 month 5 .50 OUTSIDE 100 MU.E.ZONE Per year $8.00 SI* months... .53.011 Three montlM....S1.73 He deserves praise who does not what he may, but what he ought.--SENECA THE EUROPEAN OUTLOOK T HE steering committee of the Geneva arms conference has been attempting of late to apply the pul- motor to the languishing conlerence. Torpedoed by the withdrawal of Germany, it is a moot question if it can now be' revived. Only the acute tension of .recent months in Europe makes it necessary that every possible means of smoothing the waters be tried, even if the hope of success is small. The situation was complicated just as the committee went into session by publication of the fact that Germany has increased her naval and military budgets for 1934 by $15p,000,000. Inevitably, this increase has alarmed France, and made more difficult the British effort to work out a compromise that will satisfy everyone. The British are trying to get France to come down a little, and to get her to allow Germany to come up a little in the strength of military establishments. But France will agree only on terms that alarm British public opinion. France will make certain concessions to Germany re-arming, if the British and Italians--with others-will agree to go to war whenever France is attacked. Discussions now on are about the French ideas of what constitutes attack, and what Germany would accept in the way of allowable military increase. The British government is apparently ready to take the risks, since Austin Chamberlain in a London address this week declared that England should let the world know in advance under what circumstances aid would be given or withheld. He urged England must co-operate. If this statement had come a fortnight ago the Geneva conference might now be well on the revival But probably the publication of the German military budget has raised a new issue. Incidentally, the German press--nazi controlled--is defending the increase in the arms budget by the hair-splitting point that the Versailles treaty does not specify how much money Germany can spend on armament, but only the number of men, the number of types of weapons, etc. Such an attitude does not make the French feel any easier. It increases their demand for some form of international control of German armament, which Germany strenuously protests. The chances are that there will be little progress at Geneva, as in the past. Disarmament, fundamentally, must come from improvement of political relations. When the nations get to be better friends they will think less of armies and guns. ASKING MR. ICKES ANOTHER of the new deal's spending proposals has met up with objection. Harold Ickes had the stage all set for sending $25,000,000 .of federal money into Chicago for new apartment houses. Whereupon some old meanie brought it to the secretary's attention that Chicago already has thousands of vacant flats. Instead of erecting more apartments to compete with the thousands of vacant ones a petition, signed by several hundred Chicago organizations, companies and individuals, suggests it would be better to use the federal funds for modernization of the present buildings. The petition also advocates the lending 'of government cash in the form of mortgage loans to aid distressed bondholders' and equity owners, thus putting properties back on their feet. Indorsement is given to the idea of wrecking dilapidated structures but the construction of new buildings on their sites is protested. "If a shoe merchant," said a carrying note with the petition "has $10,000 worth of shoes in his store and no buyers, wouldn't he be considered unwise if he went out and spent $10,000 more for shoes. Yet that's just what these proposed government apartment housing projects are--unwise, unsound and impractical." The question was also raised as to how Uncle Sam was going to make apartments pay when experienced businessmen had failed. v COMPLETELY ALONE /TiHERE are moments in which it would be quite pos- ·*· sible to feel envious of Rear Admiral Richard B. Byrd. For the next seven months this man is going to be just about the most Isolated individual on earth. He'll be all by himself in a little hut on Little America, and while it'll be pretty lonely and desolate down there he at least won't have anything to bother him. He won't, for instance, have to, read articles on the merits and demerits of the various ramifications of the new deal. That tea-cup tempest about commission in the "brain trust" won't touch him. He won't be bothered by long speculations about who is going to fight whom, and where, for the heavyweight championship. He'll miss uncounted stories about flagpole sitters, bathing beauty contests and political campaigns. Door- to-door peddlers will never be able to ring his bell; insurance agents won't be able to open fire on him. All in all, this man Byrd hasn't picked out such a bad spot. NERTS TO THE WORLD TXTHAT a wealth of feeling was put into the note left ·" by an unfortunate Nebraska girl found dying at her rooming house. This is what she wrote: "To my dearest pal--Carry out things accordingly. To my baby, I apologize. To my mother, I am sorry. To the rest of the world, nerts." There i^pa time when nearly every individual might be inclined to shout "nerts to the world." It doesn't require fancied or real injustices. It is exceedingly human to become fed up with people, but ordinarily the fault lies with the individual. Not that there aren't countless cruelties hi civilization. There are, and the existence of them leads many to seek the solitude and the healing processes of nature. But society as a whole tries to be just, tries to be fair, tries to be gentle and kindly. Just a kindly word of sympathy or understanding at the proper time may mean the difference between life and death. Pertinent or Impertinent Most municipal ownership fights, alas, are manipulated back stage by a manufacturing company with power plant equipment to sell, on the one hand, and an established power company with a valuable property to protect and preserve, on the other. That bill to pay off depositors in closed banks will be popular if it benefits more depositors than it slights. As the president suggested, there are some who still remembers their losses in 1893 and 1907. The silver monetization plan may be all right but it's passing strange that those most enthusiastic for it have some silver to sell. Add similes: As hopeless as the future of a blade of grass on a lawn near the high school. It's a depression when two can live cheaper than one formerly did. OTHER VIEWPOINTS SEEMS A BIT INCONSISTENT lorn B. Purcell in Iowa Falls Citizen: We are told on good authority that Rexford G. Tugwell, one of Roosevelt's "brain trusters," is responsible for much of the crop control plan that is rapidly being put into effect in agricultural areas. He is also the author ^ot a recently published book on governmental economics in the United States. The crop control plan calls for a drastic reduction in crop production in the hope that a shortage of the supply of foodstuffs will increase the price to producers. On the other hand, Professor Tugwell's book declares that there is no over supply of foodstuffs, and that what this country needs is greater production, more yield per acre to add vastly to its present food supply. For the life of us. we can't figure out by what reasoning Mr. Tugwell reconciles his published book with the policies he has been advocating and is aiding to put into effect in the government's recovery program. It certainly'seems to us that the two ideas are in direct contrast with each other, to say nothing of being merely inconsistent. There are many other inconsistencies in Tugwell's book and in the plans he is advocating in his present position as assistant secretary of agriculture. The mere matter of inconsistency is not so important as is the possible effect of that inconsistency on the public mind. People are bewildered and perplexed enough today without having men at the head of the governmental affairs preach one doctrine and practice another. _ THE CASE OF C5T THOMPSON Albert Lea Tribune: The way of the transgressor is hard, has been proven once again. Cy Thompson, who was convicted in 1921 for the embezzlement of .$1,187,000 from the George A. Hormel and company in Austin, has pleaded guilty in the Austin justice court to a misdemeanor charge in connection with the issuing of a worthless check for $11.33. He was fined $25 and costs or 30 days in jail. Not having the money he now faces jail sentence. He says he will make an attempt to raise the money. Convicted of one of the most sensational embezzlement cases in the history of Minnesota, he entered Stillwater prison Sept. 7, 1921. He was released March 22, 1930 and -was placed on parole. His parole expired April 11, 1932. Cy Thompson was at one time the most progressive and popular man in Austin and Mower county. He put across gigantic projects all over that section of the state, even building a highway. At one time he purchased a rooster to head his flock of chickens that became nationally known as the highest priced rooster in the world. And then came Mr. Thompson's embezzlement and his downfall. His life has been most tragic. This man, onee with thousands of dollars at his command, and the confidence of the community, stepped out of the straight and narrow path, and now is making strenuous efforts to raise 525 to save himself from jail. A HOME VIEW OF HAZEL THOMAS Belmond Independent: If executive ability plus force of character are needed qualifications for the best service in any position they must certainly be essential in the office of state superintendent of public instruction. School people and other voters who realize that need, will welcome the candidacy of Hazel V. Thomas for that position. All who know her fully realize the high leadership qualities which are hers. If chosen by the voters to fill the office she seeks Miss Thomas can be depended upon to be an actual leader of the public school work in Iowa and in no sense will it truthfully be said of her that as state superintendent she is but a rubber stamp, nominally the leader, but in reality merely the spokesman for some other group or clique. If chosen to serve the state the impress of her character and qualifications will be seen in Iowa public school work for many years to come. The present is no time for placing any one in public office who does not possess the ability to lead and direct the policies and plans of our great school system. This year as never before real, actual leaders are needed. ALL SHOULD PAY A LITTLE Webster City Freeman-Journal: The Algona Advance is of the opinion that the sales tax should be selective, levied only on luxuries. It says the man who buys a 530 overcoat ought to be taxed, as he can afford to pay, but the one who can buy only a $10 coat should not be taxed. The $30 coat buyer pays a tax of 60 cents, while the one buying a, coat worth only 510 pays but 20 cents.' It seems to the Freeman- Journal that each individual should pay some tax, thus being made to realize that taxes are necessary to carry on government. The taxpayer becomes more interested in government than the non-taxpayer and is more apt to use his ballot with discretion. --.----«·---·»------ BANK FAILURES WERE HALTED Rockford Register: Possibly the epidemic, or at least the conditions responsible for the epidemic of bank failures, subsided or disappeared naturally, but at any rate the fact is worth noting that there have been no bonk failures in this country since the enactment of the federal law insuring bank deposits up to S2500. There can be little question that the passage of this law tended very definitely to remove fear and uncertainty regarding the security of funds placed in banks and by so doing served to restore a normal oub- Uc confidence. COMBINE TO BEAT DOWN COMiTONISM Emmons, Minn., Leader: The best partisanship is that which steps aside to let the public welfare go through. The highest principle is that of the greatest good to the greatest number. With extreme socialism facing the people of Minnesota, leaders of both conservative parties are seriously and thoughtfully considering the meeting of that threat by combining to defeat_at, and that is patriotism of the highest order. What is party name in such an emergency? NOT A CREDITABLE PERFORMANCE Atlantic News-Telegraph: It would leave a better taste if members of the house of Roosevelt would leave camera smashing: to the overlords of finance. It does not set well with younger sons of the president. DAILY SCRAP BOOK 193J, by C^ntrsl Pri-M Asbociiiliuii, Inc. VON B I S M A R C K , fo WHO'S C i E N I U S IS DUE THE. F O U N D I N q EMPIRE, SMOKED 100,000 AND DRANK 5,OOO BOTTLES oF CHAMPAqNE- IN 5 YEARS ' r l E AR^EN-flNE WEATHER. STATlOM ON L A U R I E I S L A N D , SOUTH O R K N E V 5 , IS "THE. SOUTHERNMOST PERMANENTLY INHABITED PLACE on EARTH ERECTED AT COOCH'S BRIDGE, DELAWARE, m COMMEMORATION oFTSE FIRST UHFURL1H5 oFTKESTA.R5 ASP STRIPES IK BATTLE -SEPTEMBER 3., HIT DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clenrlenlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are or general interest, however, they will be taken up. In order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan clcndenlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOfiA.N CI-KN'DENING. M. ·· CATCHING COLD IN SPRING "PPRING winds sow disquietude"--so says Robert J Louis Stevenson, in his famous essay, but he was speaking of love. Spring winds also sow respiratory diseases, and the incidence of these diseases is in direct ratio with . the dryness ol the weather. The best kind of a spring for colds, that is to say, the spring in which to have a lot of colds, is one in which wet cold weather alternates with dry, windy weather. The two elements represent factors which are present in all lung diseases--first, weakening of the resistance of the body which is created by cold and damp, and, second, the spread of the infectious agent or germ. The anti-spitting c a m p a i g n which was vigorously pushed a number of years ago has rather died down and needs to be re-em- Dr Clendenins'" Prized. For a while the theory .ur. uenaemns wag atroacl that suc h diseases as tuberculosis and pneumonia arrived at the lungs by way of the blood instead of by way of the air, and the prevalence of this theory probably accounted for the soft pedaling of the anti-spitting campaign, but common sense has again prevailed, and it is recognized that, m o s t lung trouble gets to the lungs by way of the a i r w h i c h i s breathed in. It is not a particularly pleasant subject but, like many unpleasant things, its recital may stimulate all of us to be more careful in our habits. You wonder why you have a cold. Where could you have caught it ? Perhaps you caught it in a restaurant or at that nice warm lunch counter. This is the chain of events: Mr. Jones, who has a cold, hawks and spits up a gob oi MR A EXPECTORATE; ON THE SIDEWALK." THE SPUTUM* GERMS'ffSOM SPlffuM O/V-V., MRB'S SHOE AEACH MRC. MRC HAS A COLD; infectious material on the pavement. Mr. Smith hurrying to get his lunch, steps in this material and enters the restaurant, where you are enjoying your meal. Inside the door he wipes his feet on the floor a moment, the warm air rusues over the spot, picks up some of this material and wafts it on to your plate, where either you breathe it in or eat it. Three or four days later you begin to feel chilly, headachy and stuffed up, and come down with a cold. You wonder where you got it. Xou try to think of every circumstance in your life in the past few days. You ascriba it to sitting in a draft, or wearing light underwear, or going without your rubbers. In fact, you ascribe it to everything except the real cause--that chain of events which you did not notice and of which you were not cognizant. ONCE OVERS ALL HIS OWN IS TAX EXEMPT Cherokee Times: Senator James Couzens of Michigan is without doubt the most generous man in congress--generous with other people's money. ------- By J. J. M O N D V RECOGNITION IS THE REWARD OF MERIT Are you envious of persons who can do things in a public way that bring to them prominence and commendation ? Is 3'our spirit so warped you can't enjoy what they offer? Do you .belittle their efforts as easily acquired and of little value? · Do you manifest by your actions that you are bored when they appear? In many ways, do you appear ridiculous and lacking in the necessary culture to enjoy what is presented for your edification or instruction? Perhaps, you may have more latent ability than those performing. But if you have not developed it, you-have no right to criticize those who have won distinction through hard work and study. If your laziness prevents you from the acclaim you might wish, it is your own fault. You do not receive the plaudits accorded those who present what they have to give, because you are lazy. You would be given the recognition if you had I something worthwhile to offer and your presentation I deserved it. EARLIER DAYS Belns n Dally Compilation o f Intcri'stliij; Item* from tlic "Ten, Twenty nml Thirty Vrom ABO" Film of the GlnlK-Gaiettc. Thirty Years Ago-Fifteen bricklayers and tenders employed by Contractor Melson on the schoolhouse went on a strike this morning, demanding an increase in wages. A May breakfast will be one of the social features of the Methodist church, April 30. The glad summertime will then be ushered in. The state delegation elected yesterday at Charles City to represent Floyd county is friendly to Ab Gale in his candidacy for delegate to the national convention. Fire starting from one of the numerous wood fires kindled in tramp rendezvous in Parker woods burned nearly all of the woods last night. S. W. Shockev, who wagered Prof. H. S. Ther of Ohio Normal university JIO.OOO that he would circumnavigate the globe in four years, visited in Mason City yesterday on part of His journey. Twenty Years Ago-- ·A fire which broke out near the chimney in the roof of the WJi^eler/hbtel this moro'ng threatened to destroy the building before''the fire department finally had the blaze under control. It Is the eighth time that the Wheeler hotel has been on fire. Cornelius E. Sommers announces himself a candidate for county supervisor. W. B. Pedelty, A..H. Cummings and C. C. Johnson today were named trustees for the Vulcan Iron Works company and filed a deed with the county auditor. Paul Herman, Marengo, is Here on a business visit. Dr. Charles B. Lewis and wife of Ottumwa are in the city, the guests of Mrs. Lewis' parents, Judge and Mrs. A. B. Cummings. Frank H. Jones of Waterloo was in the city Monday. G. W. Bryan, McGregor, was a business caller in the city Monday. Ten Years Ago-Letts, Spencer, Smith and company has just received from F. C. Letts, president of the company, a beautiful, gold-lined silver loving cup which is awarded monthly to the most efficient branch. M. B. Wells, assistant divisional superintendent on the M. and St. L. railroad, is in the city today on an inspection trip. A. H. Reepz is in the city today calling on friends. R. G. Kenly, Minneapolis, is attending to business matters in Mason City today. A total of 45 commercial travelers has been added to the roll of the Mason City post of the Travelers' Protective association. A. J. Killmer, local pharmacist, has been appointed a member of the pharmacy headquarters building com mittee of the American Pharmeutical association. have made reference here to the continual iniitativeness of the films. If one producer brings over from Europe a skinny 'lond with a queer accent, all tin- others, it appears, feel under compulsion to import a scrawny blond ivith an incomprehensible diction. nd so forth. These things have been mentioned but I haven't paid my respects to :he radio interests who indulge in :he same copy cat tactics with ·espect to programs. There seems o be something in the broadcast code which requires all stations simultaneously to break out with redtime stories, barn dance programs or market reports. In the case of the stations which are hooked up with a chain, this situation explains itself. But why :he independent stations fall in step vith the chain-gang isn't so clear. If WMAQ or WEAF do it, the reasoning is that WXYZ and WLUP of Podunk, Whoopletown or Smith's Corners are under compulsion to do ikewise. Some day a station manager more perspicacious than his brothers is foing to make a name for himself y sensing the demands of his istening public. Say, by putting his bedtime story by Dear Old Uncle Whosis and all the Darling Little Ciddies on the air about 3 o'clock a. m., when everybody has gone to cd and needn't listen. And just about'that lime, I presume, his brethren in the code would lave him up before a brain-truster 'or unfair trade practice conduct un- Decoming a gentleman, or violation of Section umpty-seven, Paragraph B of the NIRA. Really there's isn't iny justice in this matter, or common sense either. believe one of the most distressing aspects of our national traffic accident menace is the shockingly bad record of the young driver. Studies made by the National Safety council show that the number of drivers under the age of 20 who are involved in personal injury accidents is 39 per :ent greater than the average for all ages combined. The 30 years old driver is safer than the young driver of 20. The 40 year old driver is safer than the one 10 years his junior. The average driver at 50 is twice as safe as the p.verage driver of 20. These figures discredit the popular belief that young persons are better drivers than their elders. Experts in the traffic field agree that two general lines of attack must be followed, if we are to reduce the TODAY IN HISTORY AI'KIL 19 Notables Born This Date--Max Schillings, b. 18BS, operatic .composer--Mona Lisa, etc. * * Tom Connally, b. 1877, senator from Texas. * * David Ricardo, b. 1772 r noted English economist. One of his works has a singularly timely title: The High Price of Bullion a Proof of the Depreciation of Bank-Notes. * * Mary- Hastings Bradley, explorer and author. * * Constance Talmadge Netcher, b. 1900, one time cinemactress. 1775--jlaj. John Pitcairn, 35, leading an advance detail of SOO British troops sent secretly from Boston in the night to seize military scores collected by colonists at Concord, bad a surprise awaiting him at Lexington, a villap-e six miles from Concord. By the dawn's early light he saw 70 unwavering men commanded by Capt. Jonas Parker, drawn up in the town square to bar his way. British rifles spurted flame which killed eight good men of Massachusetts, wounded others and dispersed the rest. The king's horses and the king's men marched on to Concord where there was such a force of townspeople and farmers, armed with flintlocks, pistols, pitchforks, axes and clubs, to oppose them that the opportune arrival of reinforcements was all that saved Pitcairn's men from capture. All that day Israel Bissell, 23, rode the road to New York shouting, "To arms, to arms, the war has begun!" pulling up only to change horses. 1861--The first blood was shed in combat in the War of the States. As five regiments of infantry and a battery of artillery (sent by Gov. John A. Andrew of Massachusetts in response to President Lincoln's call to arms) were marching through Baltimore, they were beset by an armed mob which offered battle, Union casualties, 24; mob loss, 9. 1917--U. S. fighters had their first conflict with the enemy. The naval gun crew of the liner Magnolia sank a German submarine. Scriptural Thought--But now. O Lord, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter: and we are all the work of thy hand.--Isaiah 64:8. OBSERVING number of fatalities and injuries chargeable to youth: first. Insure the enactment aud uu'orcemeiil of necessary laws relating to minors and automobiles: second, expose young persons to the Icind of education that will result in a proper attitude toward driving and the demands of highway safety. Many junior and senior high schools have already accepted their share of responsibility for this major accident problem of the teen a.ge and have instituted courses or organized traffic clubs to provide the necessary instruction. 1 am glad that Iowa is leading in safety education in its schools. --o-would be gratified to sec some real support for Mason City high school's baseball team during this spring season. The sport, in the brief time since it was revived as major athletic competition for the local school, has attracted hundreds of boys, many of whom are not represented on other major athletic squads. Working smoothly with the American Legion junior baseball program, the high school sport has both aided and been aided by the national Legion setup. It goes without saying that the players oi the national game who will take their places in the big leagues of the future are the young amateurs of today. Support for the programs that will develop their competitive playing ability is well given. -- o - _..i reminded by the death 2 of Senator John Blaine ol Wisconsin of a trip I once took from Lansing to McGregor on a river boat. My seatmate on the trip was Senator Blaioe. Although I had bad some fleeting contact with Wisconsin politics as a newspaper reporter I learned many things from the senator that I hadn't suspected. I learned, for instance, that the alignment between Mr. Blaine and the younger LaFollettes was more political than personal--this in spite of the fact that Senator LaFollelte was chosen to deliver the Blaine funeral oration. I learned further that not a particle of love was being lost between Mr. Blaine and the editor of the Wisconsin progressive organ which was beating the tom-toms in behalf of the senator. All in all, I came out of that interesting hour or so with Senator Blaine thinking less of political sincerity than I had up to that time. And my opinion had been none too high previously. ^m BY FREDERIC'J. RASKIN,OlRECi OR G L O B E - G A Z E T T E INFORMATION QUREAU IN WASHINGTON^ Why were dum-dum called? F. K. They were first made in Dumdum, a military town in India. They were partly encased in steel. The soft core spread or expanded upon striking, thereby increasing the injuries inflicted. What pulling power does a horse have, measured In horsepower? C. M. bullets so shows the highest percentage. It is for Negroes and shows 61.7 per cent cither read nor write. In 300 An apparatus which accurately measures the pulling powers of horses and mules was invented by E. V. Collins of the agricultural engineering department of Iowa State college at Ames. It is known as the horse and mule dynamometer. In tests with this machine at various Iowa fairs, horses have developed all the way from 8.6 horsepower to 21.2 horsepower, and exerted a tractive pull of from 2,000 to 2,300 pounds. What removes static from paper ? A. S. Static that occurs in handling of paper can best be overcome by controlled humidity conditions. Paper kept moist gives very little trouble. Who planted the memorial trees on upper Sixteenth street in Washington? M. F. They commemorate the service of the men and women of the District of Columbia who died in the World war. The trees were placed there by the American Legion in co-operation with the American Tree association. What was the cost o£ the ground an which commerce department was built? I'. M. The land was purchased in 1910 for 52,459,831.08. The building cost was .517,500,000. What obligation is there on the part of a person who uses your service? N. B. None whatever. This newspaper offers the service free to its readers. You are entltied to all benefits to be derived from its frequent use. There is no charge except coin or stamp for return postage. Address j Frederic J. Hoskin, director, Wash- j ington. D. C. j Do Eskimos drink water? Eat j salt? V. K. ! The Eskimos do drink water. They i have special drinking tubes of ivory or bone which they insert in holes in the ice. They also melt snow. It is understood the Eskimos had no access to salt deposit* and did not know of salt as a separate i food before their contact with I white civilization. Since their food j almost entirely consists of salt wa-1 ter animals, they receive enough j salt indirectly. | Is it better form to use the word, '·· and, or the character, ? C. D. | In the case of a company name, j it is correct to use the ampersand; j otherwise the conjunction, and. { should be written out. What is the highest percentage of illiteracy in the United States? B. L. Lafayette parish in Louisiana counties, all in the south, Negro illiteracy exceeds 29 per cent. When were envelopes first made in U. S.? F. V. In 1839 by a Mr. Pierson of New York City in a little store on Fulton street. The first envelope machine patent was granted .Ian. 2.". 1849, to J. K. Park and C. S. Watson of New York. The first practical envelope folding machine that was successful commercially was patented Jan. 21, 1853, by Dr. Russell L. Harris of Worcester, Mass. Window envelopes were devised by Thomas Callahan, patented June 10. 1902. What is the oath taken by the athletes in the modern Olympic games? F. It. "We swear we wiil take part in the Olympic games in loyal competition, respecting the regulations which govern them and desirous of participating in them in the true spirit of sportsmanship for the honor of our country and for the glory of sport." Why is a bottle of champagne broken on the prow of a new ship'.' W. G. Champagne is probably chosen because it is a rare wine, light in color and effervescent. The custom of breaking a bottle of wine on the prow of a ship when it is launched is a relic of the ancient libation which was practiced when ships were launched. The anciente consecrated the ship to the god whose image she bore. When is National health day? E. f. May 1, by act of congress. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "Pa's so q u i e t thai, I never know when I've got the be^t of the argument till 1 hear the outside door slam."

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