The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 5, 1945 · Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, January 5, 1945
Page 1
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* S5 ^^ E *^*= S *^^S^ ·,,, NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T K t N T O F M l S T O R Y f t r ; 0 A R C H I V E D £ 5 M O l N t S I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL. LJ MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" Associated Press and United Press Full Leaud Wires (Five Cents * Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA. FRIDAY. JANUARY 5, 1945 ALLIES SLASH TWs Paper ConiiiU o« Two Sections--Seclion On* NO. 76 British Take Akyab in Burma After Japs Flee NOT A SHOT IS FIRED AS URGE FORCE ARRIVES English Win Control of All Arakan Province West of Kaladan River With British Forces at Akyab Island, Burma, Jan. 3. (Delayed) -- (U.R) -- The largest combined operations force ever launched against the Asiatic continent seized Akyab, Burma's third largest port, without opposition Wednesday. The Japanese, who savanely repulsed smaller-scale British attempts to reach Akyab in overland thrusts through the Burma jungle from India in 1943 and 1943, evacuated the stronghold without a* fight while cruisers, destroyers, transports and planes were converging on them for a mighty land, sea and air blow. (BBC said not a shot was fired in the landing.) Seizure of Akyab, a small island at the mouth o£ the Kaladan and Mayu rivers 75 miles south of the InHian border, gave the British a harbor capable of handling ships up to 8,000 tons and air bases a little more than 300 miles northwest of Rangoon. With Akyab in their hands, the British 15th corps won control of all Arakah province west of the Kaladan river and put it in a position to. cut the enemy's only ape route from the province, a *· ' --. -- · Rule Recognized by Elussia, Confronting U. S., Britain With New Problem London. (^P)--Russia Friday announced i-ecognition of the Polish rovisional government of Lublin, making a clean break with the government-in-exile in*Condon, which still is recognized y the United States and Britain. Bringing to a head one of the horniest Questions facing the im- :nding big 3 parley, the broad- ast announcement came within 4 ays of the joint announcement y the United States and Britain liat they stood by the London 'olish government. . Leaders of the Polish peasant iarty in London had sensed a lossibility that Moscow would an- icunce recognition of the Lublin ;overnment before the Roosevelt- Churchill-Stalin meeting. They harged that if Russia acted be- ore that meeting it would be an attempt to present the other 2 towers with a "fait accompli." Russia broke relations with the Condon Polish government April 26, 1943, in a dispute over the reported discovery of graves o£ housands of Polish officers in the Smolensk forests. Russia accused he Germans of executing the 'oles, but the London Polish government requested that the International Red Cross make an investigation. Moscow.'s recognition of the Lublin group made no reference o the rival London government. Che announcement said: 'On Jan. 4 the soviet government was officially informed by he provisional national govern- ment.of the. Polish republic that iccordrng to a decision of the Po- i-h/national eopncil, the Polish ^out of ijAkyab, largest Burmese port west of ^Rangoon, in peacetime had » population of 18,000, but it ·Was believed to have dwindled to a mere 2,000 since the start of the war. India and Gey Ion imported two-thirds of their rice through ·Akyab before,the war. ' An^officer commanding an ar- tillery'ispottingisquadron made the discovery, .ihat-'the 'Japanese hac withdrawn from Akyab only Tues- .day. Flying o\*er the island,;he'saw no signs of the enemy and signaled .natives to clear a landing ·' He was given a rousing reception Then a .reconnaissance party Tuesday night put ashora and gained 'further confirmation. Natives said the Japanese began pulling out oj the port last Sun. day and completed the evacuation only a few hours before the artillery officer landed. Nazi Counter Drives Repulsed; Canadians Push Near San Alberto H o m e , W--Canadian troop, have advanced against strong enemy counterattacks along the road east of Alfonsine to within ,114 miles of San Alberto. 8 miles north of Ravenna in the Adriatic coastal sector of the Italian front allied headquarters announcec -Friday.- The Germans threw in veteran troops and'brought up Tiger anr · Panther tanks in a series of fierce counter-thrusts all of which were repulsed as the. Canadians drove . forward. Heavy losses were in fiicted on the nazis, the communi que said. Further west good progress wa reported north of t h e capturec Bologna-Rimini highvvay town o Faenza. where other 8th army troops have greatly reduced ; German pocket east ot the Senii river. There was a patrol activity onlj on the 5th army front Civil War "4-F" Reaches 103rd Year . St. I.onis. OJ.R)--James T. Arch ''ambeau, rejected for service in th confederate army during the Civ il war because of physical unfit ness, celebrated his 103rd birth day Thursday. JOINS 9 MAN CLUB Washington, (#)--Senator B. B Hickenlooper .(R. Iowa) Thursda accepted an invitation to join th .exclusive 9 Man club made up o the 9 republican freshmen electe to the ?8lh congress 2 years ago Hickenlooper was 1 of 6 freshmer republican senators of this con gress who have received invita lions. TALKBYF.R.TO BE BROADCAST SATURDAY EVE Message Will Deal With Foreign Policy and Manpower Problems By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, (IP)--P r e s i d e n t ?oosevelt will take to the air Saturday night to summarize to the ation his state of the union mes- age to be delivered to congress arlier in the day. The cMef executive, telling his ;ews conference Friday that the message will deal with foreign olicy and manpower, among oth- r things said it will be about 8,00 words long. His foreign policy discussion, he indicated, may touch on the subset of more "materials for the rench. In connection with his foreign ·'-- discussions, the presiden' new jrovisional of Poland. national government "The provisional government of Poland proposed to the soviet government the establishment of dip- omatic relations and the exchange of ambassadors. ' "The presidium of the supreme soviet of, trie U. S. S. R., following its policy of supporting and strengthening friendly, relations with democratic Poland, decided :o .recognize the provisional national government of the Polish republic and to exchange ambassadors. "The presidium o£ the supreme soviet of the U. S. S. -R. appointed Victor Zakarovich Lebedev ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the U. S. S R in Poland." V. S. Still Backs Exile Government Washington, (;p)_The United States Friday reiterated its recognition pj the Palish exile government despite Russian recognition of the new Polish regime at Lublin as a "provisional government.' The state department announced in reply to inquiries that it had received advance notice from the Russian government of the sovie action. Asked for additional comment a department spokesman referrec to a statement issued by Secretary of State Stettinius last Monday anc said there was nothing to add to it In that statement Stettinlus asserted: . "This government continues t maintain formal diplomatic relations with the Polish governmen m exile in London." Soviet Ambassador Gromyk( called at the state departmen Thursday but officials declined to say whether he then brought thi advance notice of Friday's actioj in Moscow. Although Russia's action wa not unexpected here it was obvi ous that the diplomatic reaction was "the worst has happened." No immediate way to break the deadlock appeared. The general view in Washing ton was that Stalin felt he coulc wait no longer in recognizing th Lublin regime because of the im mincnce of a great Russian win ter offensive to liberate all of Po land. The Russian recognition actio freezes the worst split to date i the ranks of the united nations. It puts Russia in firm suppor of a regime radically opposed t the exiled government of Polan at London--the government sup ported by both the United Stat and Britain. It also represents a defeat fo those in the British and America governments xvho had sought un officially in the last few days t persuade the Russians to dela possibly until after the big meeting, any formal announce mcnt about the Lublin regime. saidjn reply to questions that a Italy SALIENT 1,000 Yank Bombers Lash Slazi Targets London, #)--A score of top dority targets behind a 150 mile tretch of (he German lines be- ween Cologne and Karlsruhe vere .attacked Friday by more han 1.00Q U. S. 8th air force teavy bombers in one phase of a ull-scale assault. Five hundred p-51 fighters es- orted the American bombers out gain after a day of inactivity "hursday. Even before these forces re- urned, heavy bombers of the HAF streaked toward the battle irea. Headquarters of the U. S. stra- egic air forces said American targets were in a broad area extend- ng from Cologne to Karlsruhe and ?ast beyond Frankfurt, and "all of hem are important points along he enemy supply routes to the Cront." A MEDICAL AID STATION ON THE HEELS OF GI JOE-Behind the first ridge sep- aiatmg them from the enemy, American medics have set up a forward battalion aid sta- .twn. Some of their vehicles can be seen in the^eld below, while the station is in the : . R. to Speak at 9 p. m. Saturday New. York,' (U.R)--Radio "net /orbs announced that Presiden loose yell would broadcast'a? summary of his annual message to :6ngress from 9 to 9:30 p. m. CW1 Saturday. · ; · . ' . . . ' een agreed upon and that more J ~od is going in there. He could not estimate the in crease in pounds but said ther* were more calories in the new shipment. Ke said shipping still is a ver ireat problem in feeding the Ital ans. Told that some people believe he-Italian armistice terms should be made public on the ground tha military, considerations are m longer a factor for continued secrecy, the president said military jeople on the spoi still conside this factor Important, Some people in this country, he added, seem to know more th'an :hey do. The president opened the new conference with a remark that hi message Saturday is going to bi unconscionably long and newspa pers might want to set aside th required space for it in advance Still joking, he said he was terribly ashamed of its length as a wartime document. He said there will be something about foreign policy in it but not all the 8,000 words will be devoted to this subject. : It was here that a reporter mentioned more food for Italy. He said some people had contended that promises to give Italy greater supplies were made for campaign purposes only, Mr, Roosevelt passed this off, but said more food is going in. Asked whether General Charles De Gaulle had been told that the' French would get more materials, the chief executive advised his questioner (o wait until Saturday when his message is sent to congress. Another newsman wanted to know whether Mr. Roosevelt would discuss the "manpower draft" in the message, he replied affirmatively, adding he had said that before. This was taken to be a refer-- ence to his recommendation pf last year that congress consider national service legislation. Although congress did not meet that request, the manpower situation has been described as growing more critical and recent actions have- tended toward more radical steps to bring additional men into essential industry. To a query whether he would discuss Italian policy, the president said he could not answer that beforehand. Despite his assertion that his entire message would not deal with foreign affairs a comprehensive discussion of that subject is anticipated. 7TH BOND DRIVE NOT UNTIL MAY Morgenthau Praises Total in 6th War Loan Washington (IP)--A blizzard of gd^money has burued every quota m the yuletide 6th war loan As a result the 7th war loan probably won t open until around May or June Thafs the .word from Treasury Secretary Morgenthau, who announced these final sales figures in the November-December drive: · (1) Series E Bonds--$2,868.000,000. These are the only bonds the average citizen knows anything about.- Sales were behind schedule at first but steadily improved and finally forged 15 per cent over the 52,500,000,000 quota. 2) Grand total -- $21,fi21,00~0,- 000. This is 54 per cent above the $14,000,000,000 quota. It is a new world record for a financing operation. The previous mark was 520,639,000,000 rung up in the 5th war loan. Morgenthau said" he thought the final figures in the 6th war loan were "swell." He praised the "amazing performance" of the volunteer organization that sold the bonds. Individuals invested about $5 900,000,000 (the quota was 5 billion) and still had enough cash to spend more for Christmas gifts than ever before. E bond and individual sales were less than in the 5th war loan last summer. Thus it was corporation investments of more than 515,700,000,ODO that caused the setting of a new overall record. 3 Die in Fire in New York; 22 Firemen Overcome by Smoke New York, (if)--Three elderly women died in a 3-alarm fire which swept the top floor of an apartment house at 96lh street ancj Broadway early Friday. All 22 members of the first fire department unit to arrive were overcome by smoke and requirec treatment. About 150 occupants of the apartment were routed in their night clothes. Some of them wer affected by smoke. 13 Killed When Plane Crashes in Aleutians Adak, Aleutians, Jan. 4, (De laycd), /P)--Thirteen servicemen and civilians, most o£ them homeward bound after long service in the rugged Aleutians, were killei before dawn Dec. 29, when the ai transport command C-47 plan carrying them crashed into a hill side and burned. An llth airforce sjrokesman saio. the plane was operated by civilian personnel and no airforce men were killed. Casualties included: 2nd Lt Raymond S. Metz, Mineral Poinl Wis., and Lt. James Lovclady Sidney, Iowa. Buy your War B o n d s ani Stamps from your Clobc-Cxzctt carrier boy. BERNARD L. MONTGOMERY hi Monty Cqmmands Forces on North Side of Nazi Salient By The Associated Press Supreme headquarters announced Friday a regrouping of western front commands, placing Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery =ind Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley in* * * * v :harge of operations against the Sermans deep salient in Belgium At the same time Prime Mini .ter Churchill relonxefl toXondpn, if ter conferring with GeneraT Eisenhower and Marshal "Mdnf- ;omery. These developments coincided with field reports which said the allies' attack on the von Rund- Stedt salient was progressing slowly against stiffest German re- ilstance. Montgomery was disclosed as commander of all allied forces on he north side of the salient fac- ng south. These troops include not only his British 2nd army but ilso major elements of the U. S. irst and 9th armies. Bradley was disclosed as the commander on the south side ot he salient where Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd army is the strongest force. Montgomery has been in charge on the north side of the salient since Dec. 20, or 4 days after von Sundstedt unlimbered his surprise offensive which crashed 50 miles deep into Belgium and across vital allied communication lines. 'When the German penetration through the Ardennes created 2 fronts, one substantially facing north and the other south, by instant agreement of all concerned that portion of the front facing south was placed under command of Field Montgomery aucl that facing north under command ol Gen. Bradley," said the supreme headquarters announcement. Bradley's new command Includes one division of Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's 7th army, which presumably was brought up from Alsace or a nearby rest area, Bradley formerly commanded the U. S. first, 3rd and 9th armies in an army group known as the 12th. Montgomery has been chief of the 21st army group, including the British 2nd army and ' Can adian first army. AP Correspondent Wes Galla gher said: "When von Rundstedt's drive inlo Belgium went unchecked and there was grave danger he might split the allied western front in 2, Gen. Eisenhower reshuffled his army group commands. He took the first and 9th armies away from Bradley and placed them under Montgomery. "Thus in event of a complete breakthrough there still would be one co-ordinated fighting force in northern Belgium and Holland, sufficient in supplies coming through Antwerp. "In the south Patton's army also was a self-contained unit, linked with Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers' 6th army group (the U. S. 7th army and French first army). "In the event of a complete German success in reaching the channel coast there thus were 3 self-contained forces ready to continue the fight." President Roosevelt in Washington said Montgomery was not being made a deputy commander to Eisenhower as a result of the shift. London dispatches in the last few days, speculating on the reshuffle, had suggested that sue! might be the case. Montgomer was deputy commander in charg ot all ground forces under Eise hower until last September. President Roosevelt told ... news conference that the shift wa a regular field operation. It was assumed the Montgomer command includes not only for ward combat unils but also suppl and , other organization elemenl in the rear. 38 Below Recorded at Bemidji, Minn. Bemidji. Minn., t!P)--Bemidji, in northern Minnesota, had 8 degrees below zero early Friday by the U. S. weather observer's thermometer. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. H olkes Executed for 'Lower 13" Slaying Salem, Ore., (IP)--Robert E. Folkes died in the slate's lethal gas chamber Friday for the "Lower 13" slaying of Mrs. Martha Virginia James, still protesting his nnocence ol the crime for which le was executed. The dining car cook did not elaborate his denial .hat he crept into the berth oE a navy ensign's bride and slashed her throat when she resisted him. 2 Citations Awarded lowan for Heroism Washington. (IP)--The war 'department Friday announced award o£ 2 citations for heroism in combat--the silver star and the bronze star medal--to 1st Sgt. Adrian M Van Steenbergen, Sheldon, Iowa now serving with the 34th infantry division in Italy. Both award were made Jor Van Steenbergen' acHon~irf.YescuinE'.~wblirrde^~cbm "rades from the battlefield. Butcher Turns Back; lOLb. Roast Missing New York, (U.R)--Harry Albert 3rd avenue delicatessen propric tor, turned his back on a custome to sharpen a butcher knife. When he turned around both custome and a 10 pound roast of beet from the top of the showcase were gone. "I'm not mad," said Albert "Some poor slob probably hadn' had roast beet for a year. Only wish I had the red points I pu out for that meat." Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Snow Friday nigh and Saturday; warmer Frida; night; lowest about 20 above a Mason City, becoming colde Saturday; fresh to strong winds Iowa: Light snow north and easl freezing rain or drizzle south west portion Friday night am Saturday, changing to rail southwest and extreme wcs portions Saturday. Warmer Fri clay night and Saturday. Minnesota: Light snow and warm er Friday night and Saturday, IN .MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 19 Minimum Thursday night 0 At 8 a. m. Friday o Snow i; inc!l Fr ecip. .03 inch YEAH AGO: Maximum 29 Minimum 13 Precipitation .og Snow i£ inch DRIVE INTO GERMAN SALIENT-- Arrows indicate U. S 3rd army drives on the southern side of the German salient in Belgium. Broken line is front. BUT NAZIS GAIN N DRIVE ON 7TH ARMY IN SOUTH British Join Yanks in Counter-Drive Against Bulge in Belgium Paris, (^--Veteran British in- antry and armor thrown into the elgian bulge counterattack by ield Marshal Sir Bernard L. lontgomery, commanding all al- ed forces on the north side of the alient, has gained up to 2,000 ards all along its front. This was disclosed at supreme eadquarters Friday along with he fact that the U. S. 1st and 9th rmies have been under Montomery's eomand since Deb. 20, vheii the Germans were threat- nil]? to break the allies' western ·out forces in half. While the British gained on the orth Friday, the German attack nto eastern France against the U. "i. 7th army developed into a 'ULL OFFENSIVE with a drive orward for 2 more miles south- ast of Bitche--close to 15 miles nside France and within 12 miles il the Saverne gap, the key to Strasbourg. Bradley's command formerly ncluded the 1st and 9th armies. British 2nd army tanks and in- antry went into action Thursday it the northwestern tip of the von iundstedt salient and reached Waha in a push o£ 1,500 yards. The drive is continuing, field dispatches said, and netted up to 2,000 yards, all along its front torn Marche to the right flank ot the U. S. 1st army to the east. This was a front ol about seven miles. The concentrated assault stirred up nazi traffic movements which correspondents at the front interpreted as a possible withdrawal from the tip of the German salient." " . ' . . ' . ' . .'·''·'·"·' "'-'· .-'...; .'. ;.. .. Reports said, however," that » might be only a regrouping around Houffalize. in the center of the salient, where they would fight to prevent Montgomery's and Bradley's forces from joining. Other British units attacked the iermans on the outskirts of newly captured Bure and at Wavreille, south ol Rochefort on the nose of the German penetration. The British had been rushed to the scene at the first indication of danger to Liege when von Rund- stedt broke through, but they had been used chiefly in backstopping Ihe Americans until they went into their own attack Thursday. Six opposing armies--3 allied and 3 German--plus element's of the ninth army were thus committed to grinding battle in the forbidding Ardennes in the midst of severe winter. The U. S. first army to the cast meanwhile knifed through drifting snow and fojr which reduced visibility to almost zero and scored several fains of 1,000 yards at different places along a 17-mile front. Arbrefonfaine, 2',j miles from the Laroche-St. Vith highway, on the left flank of the first, was cleared after a street right. Advances of 1,000 yards were marked up to the outskirts ot Lierneux farther west, and below Holton, on the right wing of the first. A German counterattacking force was wiped out at Bergeval on the lett flank near Stavclot. It was hard going, however, and a staff officer at Montgomery's headquarters declared, "this is the hardest ground we ever fought over." With slow, steady sains on a 17 mile front on the north side of the salient, U. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' U. S. first army in its 3- day old attack had whittled down the German escape gap between Bastoijne and Grandmcnil to scarcely 12 miles. On the south side of the salient held by 3 German armies, Lt. Gen. George S. Patten's 3rd army turned ;back 17 fierce German counterattacks up to 6 a. m. Friday, but his front was substantially unchanged. Berlin said yet a 4th allied army, the U. S. 9th army had been brought down from the Aachen area to bolster a pile-driver attack, but supreme headquarters had no comment on this report. Moving up under terrible conditions in which tanks stalled on icy slopes and slithered downhill, tearing out the telephone communications at the sides of the roads Hodges' men had PLOWED FORWARD as much as 3\i miles for their maximum gain on a front which extended from Bettc, 8 miles east of Marche, to Bergeva], 4 miles southwest of Stavelot. The Germans, some clad in white snowsuits and even throwing SKI TROOPERS into action on sections of the front, fought mainly from frozen foxholes and solid positions, while the dough- J boys slogged across icy fields and

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