The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 18, 1934 · Page 12
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April 18, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 18, 1934
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TWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE APRIL 18 1934 Better Social Life Better Schools NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) MORE ACCURATE WEATHER FACTS NOW AVAILABLE Will Cover Longer Perio Than Possible Under Old System. Weather forecasts will be mor accurate and will cover a longe period than is possible under pres ent conditions, as soon as th Weather Bureau, U. S. Departmen of Agriculture, is able to put its new program into effect, according t W. R. Gregg, chief of the bureau. Forecasts at six-hour intervals instead of at 12-hour intervals, ani more stations for upper air sound ings are important features of th new program worked out by Mr Gregg and other weather bureai officials, in accordance with th recommendations of the science ad visory board appointed b y ' Presi dent Roosevelt on July 31, 1933 The changes in forecasting, Mr Gregg says, will be made gradually probably starting July 1, 1934, and continuing over a period of five years. Based on Observations. Present forecasts, Mr. Gregg ex plains, are based on observations taken twice a day--shortly before 8 a. m. and shortly before 8 p. m at some 200 stations to this country--and immediately transmitted by telegraph, telephone, or radio, to the larger cities, including forecast centers at Washington, Chicago New Orleans, Denver and San Francisco. At the same time similar reports are received from ships at sea and from many points in Alaska, Canada, Mexico and other countries. These data are entered on charts, and lines of equal pressure and temperature--the so-called isobars and isotherms--are drawn. Other charts show recent changes in'pressure and temperature, as well as areas where rain, sleet, or snow has fallen. In addition, reports on wind direction and velocity at various heights in the atmosphere are received from selected stations. A few stations report upper air temperatures and humidity also. All these data are entered on charts. Analyzes Information. The forecaster studies and analyzes this charted information and then makes his forecasts, which are at once distributed by telephone, telegraph, radio and the press. The forecasts are ready for the public : about ,1%. hours after the observa- ft-tions on which they are based have "been taken. What happens to the weather in the 12 hours between observations, Mr. Gregg points out, has an important bearing on the weather to come. Shortening 1 the intervals from 12 to 6 hours, as called for by the new program, will make for greater accuracy in forecasting. PULSE OF THEFARM By the Xam Edltw ' It. is generally believed that both depressions and recoveries in business conditions begin in the east. An insurance man recently told me that his company reported that the amount of money paid in OE loans by its policy holders exceeded by $5,000,000 the amount borrowed since the beginning of the year. The treasurer of Cerro Gordo county reports that the amount ol taxes collected up. to the middle of April, 1934, exceeds the amount collected to that date last year by $69,476.73 and that it is estimated that 71 per cent of the taxes due on that date are paid. That this condition is not local is shown by reports from other counties. In Hardin county payments to date for the year total $321,448; in March the sum of $257,658 was paie in. Delinquent tax payments tota $84,453. From January, 1933, to April 1, 1934, delinquent taxes totaling $190,348 was paid in, indicating that the "corn" money has been used to good account. In Hancock county the treasurer reports that collections are coming in good. He reports tax payments during the first quarter of 193 (January, February and March), as follows: Current taxes $173.679.42. Delinquent taxes $47,936.59. The total tax levy in Hancock was $515,149.15 and the payments of current taxes made thus far is a third of the total to be collected Comparing this with last year's -collections we find there is a nice gain over 1933 when they collected the first quarter approximately $142,000 of current taxes and a little more than $10,000 in delinquents. For the same three months in 1934 total delinquent collections amounted to $"7,956.59. Most Have a Garden. There is a general insistance ii the counties of North Iowa thai those families who are receiving county aid shall raise a subsistence garden to contribute to their support. In Wright county they are required to sign an agreement to that effect We Pay More for HIDES AND WOOL --See-CARL STEIN Before You Sell "IT SEEMS TO ME" A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day What is your lino of fanning? Mr. Field: I hardly know how to classify myself. I have not sola any grain for 20 years. I milk only enough cows for our own use. I buy 60 or 70 calves a year and grow them large enough to fatten and sell. I would rather buy calves than yearlings or two year olds. I am not particular as to the breed if they look like good feeders. Just now I have a lot of Herefords. I own stock in a creamery but I do not sell cream. What has been your work In the AAA program? I took part in the temporary signup and I am still connected with it. It has been a bigger job than anyone expected it to be. What proportion of the fanners have favored the corn-hog reduction plan? A large majority. About 92 per cent. As yon have met them are farmers feeling that we are on our way out of the depression ? I think there is a far better feeling among them than a year ago. They feel that we are through the worst of it. Are many planting soybeans this spring? About the same as last year. What are they putting on the acres rented to the government? Quite a number are sowing grass seed to be used as pasture or meadow later on. Some have taken out and that is grass at the present time and some are taking this chance to eradicate weeds that can be done best by leaving the land allow. If you were a young man just tartlng fanning, could you succeed s times are now? ^ I believe it would be rather diffi- ult under present conditions. After 25 years of farming would ou exchange places with any pro- eslonal or businessman of equal means ? I have always been a farmer and would be lost in any other line. M late years farming has been rath- r disappointing with such low rices. But we have never had to orry about our living and we live ell. I like farming because I can link and say what I believe is ght without affecting my income, have never been out of a job and value this more since I have seen o much, unemployment this winter. What Is your opinion of the CWA work? Undoubtedly it was necessary hat these unemployed should be giv- n work, but it does seem as if there was a good deal of money spent for work of no value what- oever. However, Mitchell county id get a large number of miles of oad graveled or surfaced with rushed rock. I think we got more or the money spent than some ther counties near us. Which is better for a country oad, crushed rock or gravel? A combination of the two is the est. Coarse gravel is too loose. It oes not seem to pack. Do you like this mixing of government and farming? Will %ve ever get id of it? I don't like government mixing in lusiness or farming, but with our iresent production far above our needs and with almost no foreign demand it seems that our only way s to decrease production and the government had to step in and di- ·ect it. There was no other way to handle it. Some sort of government supervision will probably be with us from now on. What is your guess about the iquor business? Will life be better or worse from now on? I believe we will find, before long, fcat the repeal of the eighteenth amendment was one of the biggest mistakes this country ever made. I lave never seen- any person benefited by its use and I have quite often seen the contrary. What do you think of the old age Knsion? Probably it is a good thing aa a whole. I fear that it will make some careless about providing for old age and what will we do with those who are delinquent in their payments? They will have to be taken care of iust the same. Are we still paying for the war? Mr. and Mrs. Field: Yes, we are, and the generations following us will keep on, not in money alone but n lowered morals and crime waves. The care of the wounded, the widows and orphans is but a small part of the cost. In the next war we should draft money as freely as men and then perhaps we would not get "nto one so easily. How do you like the sales tax? It should materially help in reducing our property tax and a good many who formerly escaped taxes will now have to contribute some- iing. It will seem a little unjust ;o a man of low income who has to spend it all for a living. But if we do not like it we can repeal it. How can we reduce taxes? As long as the public demands mprovements we had better forget about tax reduction. The important thing is to see that for every dollar spent we get a dollar's worth of actual service. I think we have spent a lot of money for which we have very little to show in return. However, we are getting many miles of food road. What does the radio mean to you ? Mrs. Field: We enjoy the radio THEY LIKE FARMING MR. AND MRS. FIELD Both Mr. and Mrs. Carl Field were born in Cedar township, Mitchell county, Iowa, and have lived on their present farm nearly 25 years. They were married in 1907. Mrs. Field's maiden name was Martha C. Nubson. They have a modern home on a well improved farm, with graveled roads to town. Mr. Field is a Farm Bureau member, belongs to a farmers elevator ana has stock in a creamery but does not sell cream. weather, and I especially enjoy the WOI programs. There is too much advertising in many of the programs but I feel that it is a rcat educator and a boon to the country people. What do you like about farm llfe ? With our present good roads, schools, autos and modern home conveniences, farm life is attractive. Just now it has the drawback of ow prices for our products. Our social life here is good. We have a community club organized more than 20 years ago. There are 30 members. We meet twice a month with a program, a social time and a luncheon. Iff the winter time the men of the family are invited and a picnic dinner is served. Our Farm Bureau meets once a month and both boys' and girls' 4-H clubs have recently been organized. Many social activities are promoted by the church and there is a very active Ladies' Aid society, organized 50 years ago. These, besides smaller activities fill up all our spare time. We are well provided for our social side. As you have met it, is the project work of the extension department practical? Some of the work has been good and I like anything that makes the home brighter and saves labor, but some of it does not appeal to us farm women. Sometimes we wonder if those who plan the work know farm home life from the inside. DO you patronize the state traveling library? No, we go to the Sage library at Osage as it is more convenient But I find it hard to get what I want to read. The book club offered through WOI is fine and should be' used where a library is not easily available. Who tends the poultry at your house? Tell me about them We plan to raise 800 White Leghorns a year. We buy chicks from a. local hatchery and we dispose of them the second year. I like Leghorns because they are good layers. Tending the poultry is just a part of the chores and we all work at it, even the hired man. Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. --Glorious spring morning. Farmers all set to go and soil in fine condition but the dirtiest spring in years. Rain predicted but no one believes it. --Curious ripple marks on the fine soil blown into the ditch on north side of roads. Result of wind carving. --Green shoots sticking out of the wind blown soil and general perking up of roadside grasses. "It's an ill wind." -Schoolma'am hoisting up the flag announcing the official opening of another school day. Some of them rather tattered, (the flags.) --Boys and girls on ponies headed for school. Some ponies carrying two youngsters and all seemingly happy. --Square rod of water in McGowan's slough (old Winnebago) after being entirely months. dry for six --Farm women feeding big flock of PROCESSING TAX PAID TO FARMER TO REDUCE CROP Makes Farmer Partner in "Planned Agriculture," Experiment. To school boys and girls March 15 may be a day famous in Roman history, but to millions of grownups it's one flay in the year when they look a tax in the face. There's no mystery to you about whether you pay an income tax. You see i --and feel it! How that tax is spen' is a much more complicated story. But here's a different kind of tax with a different face and feel! It's called a "processing tax." You may not know whether you have- been paying this tax, but there's one thing certain--there's no mystery about how it is spent. Except for a small amount for administrative expenses--all of it goes to farmers Cotton farmers have got or wil get about $160,000,000 in benefi payments and "profits on options' on their 1933-34 crop as a result o: this tax, according to department o: agriculture administration. Whea: farmers will get $100,000,000. Hog and corn growers will get some $350,000,000. In 1934 farmers are expected to receive altogether $855,000,000 and in 1935 $831,000,000 from this tax. Has to Earn It. Now this money is not just handed out to farmers willy-nilly Every farmer producing certain important crops can get some of it, bu1 he has to do something to earn it, the department points out. To earn a share in the money a farmer must become a partner in the government's new experiment in "planned agriculture." What that means is this: He must agree--and live up to his agreement--to control lis production. To compensate him for planting fewer acres--the government suggests just how many-he becomes entitled to a benefit myment. The amount of reduction s made proportionate to the size of the surplus which, due chiefly to oss of foreign markets, has been holding down farm prices. This Is over and above the other ;ain he makes if enough farmers oin In this experiment--the gain :rom higher prices at which the rest of his crop sells as. a result of the reduction he and other co-operating farmers make. To raise the money for these benefit payments to farmers, this "processing tax" is collected from the people or companies who do the 'irst processing of the farm products--the cotton spinner, the miller, the packer, for instance. They ave the tax its name. They pay the money to the treasury department, and the treasury department pays it out to the farmers, accord- ng to the department. Have Three Ways. Although the processing tax is collected from processors, that does not necessarily mean that they do try to get it from someone else. Processors have three ways of getting funds for paying the tax: One, 3y charging higher prices to consumers; two, by paying lower prices to farmers; three, by taking it out of their own pockets The third way is the hardest. Usually the first or the second way is tried first by taking it out of their own pockets. The third way is the hardest. Usually either the first or second way is tried first. The tax on hogs started at 50 cents a hundredweight of live hog in November and increasing to 51 In December. By March the tax was 52.25. Who is actually paying these taxes? On the basis of facts which are already known and at this short interval since these taxes went into effect, certain conclusions stand out, Increased Margins. 1. Processors generally have increased the margins between what they pay for the raw materials and what they charge for their products enough to cover fully the taxes. 2. Consumers are apparently paying the taxes on wheat and cotton in the form of higher prices for bread, flour and cotton goods. This seems to have reduced the consumption of wheat products not at all, and that of cotton goods only slightly because the price of the raw material, is so small a part of what the consumers pay for wheat and cotton goods. The amount of wheat used for bread is very little affected by the price of bread. The amount of cotton is less affected by the price of cotton goods than by general business conditions. They Are Different. Pigs are different. Unless the supply of pigs brought to market is reduced, the tax pushes the farmer's price down. Consumers resist high pork prices .by buying less. The price they are willing to pay depends on their incomes and on the supplies marketed. Retail pork prices can be increased only by increasing consumer incomes or by decreasing supplies. In February the reduced supplies of piga--because of the emergency program and government purchases for relief purposes--resulted in a good advance in price to farmers. In fact the price received by farmers every day. we need the markets, the ' years, but we do need rain. chicks and stepping carefully I has been "higher every month since about so as to avoid casualties, the tax went into effect than it was Evidently a stepmother to them. --Finest spring roads in many on the corresponding month the year previous. Have processing taxes been pyra- mided? The law says these taxes must not be pyramided to consumers. As far as can be checked at this time, there is no evidence of general pyramiding. Nevertheless the margins between farm prices and consumer prices of some things and at certain times, have beei jacked up more than enough to cover both the taxes and NRA costs Most margins have been kept fairly low in comparison with last year. OAT SEEDING IN IOWA NEARS END Finished in Southern Part of State, Well Along in Other Counties. DES MOINES, April 18. UP)-Oat sesding is finished in the southern Iowa counties and is well along in other sections of the state, Director Charles D. Reed, of the state weather and crop bureau 'reported today. In the western counties the oal seeding is Hearing completion anc in most of the northeast counties it is well advanced, the weekly report showed. Soil Blown Away. In places the oats and soil were blown away or drifted under too deep to germinate, Reed added Early seeded oats were said to be looking favorable in the southern counties and were up in the central and western counties. Barley seeding on an increased acreage was reported to be following a few days behind the oats. Plowing for com was reported to have made good progress, with the cool weather favorable for working horses at this task. In Need of Rain. Although pastures, meadows and winter wheat were turning green they are much in need of rain, Reed reported. Wind was so strong during the week that grass seed could not be sown and much newly seeded grass and clover perished because of the draught. Peach, pear and plum trees were in bloom in the extreme southern counties. WAGES OF FARM HANDS GOING UP Have Gone Up More Than 20 Per Cent in Past Year, Claim. Wages of farm hands have ad- ·anced more than 20 per cent dur- ng the past year, from 73 as an ndex figure on April 1, 1933, to 88 on April 1, 1934, acording to the bureau of agricultural economics. A slightly more than seasonal gain 3 reported since Jan. 1 when the index was 81. The 1909-14 average equals 100. Day wages without board ranged :rom 75 cents in South Carolina and Georgia to $2.40 in Massachusetts, on April 1, and averaged 51.27 for the country as compares with $1.05 a year ago. The average on Jan. 1 ast was 51-21. The advance in wkges during the past year is at- :ributed to increased demand for farm hands and a reduced supply. Better prices for farm products and increased farm incomes have en- TOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 31-0 Fifth St. S. W. ADAMS DRUG CO. WATCH OUR SEVEN WINTJOWS FARM SPECIALS Lee's Gizzard Capsuls. lOc, $1.00, $1.7'' Lee's Germozone, 40c, 75c, $1.50; Lee's Dip, 60c, 90c, $1.50; Lee's Vapo-Spray, 75c, $1.50; Lee's Lice Killer, 90c, $1.50; Lee's Dri- Rub, 45c; Lee's Hog Oil Wormer. $2.00, $3.50, $6.75; Lee's Louse Powder, 25c, 50c; B-K Dairy Disinfectant, $2.00; Wolfs Flyaway, 40c, $1.25; Wolf's Egg-Maker, 25c, 50c; Thedford's Black-Draught Stock Medicine, $1.00; Dr. Hess Stock Tonic, 25c; Dr. Hess Poultry Worm Powder, $1.25. $2.75; Security Hoof Remedy, $2.75; Lee's Fly Curo, 75c; Shufly, $1.75; Arabian Gall Salve. 25c, 50c; DeWitt's Gall Salve, 50c; Bickmore's Gall Salve, 35c; Nokiks, 25c; Bag Balm, 60c; Wyant's Eye- Bright, $1.50; Bickmorne, 35c; Elkay's Worm Powder 75c; Elkay's Colic Remedy, $1.25'; Dr. Sloan's temper Tonic, 60c. $1.20; Spohn's Compound. 65c; Fleming's Fisto- form, $2.50: Fleming's Spavin Liquid, $2.00; Don-Suns for Egg Laying, 50c; Avieol, $1.00; Parker's Wonderful Discovery. 50c: Dr. Hess' Distemoer Fever, 50c; Dr. Hess" White-Diarrhea Tablets, 50c, $1.00; Dr. David Roberts' Poultry Roup Paste, 50c; Horse Tonic, 50c; Anti- septo, $1.00; Kidney Aid, Sl.OO; Colic Drench, 75c; Hog Tonic, $1.00; Healinsj Oil, 50c; Eye Lotion, 50c. Horn Killer, 50c; Phyhic Balls, 50c; Cow-Cleanor, $1.00; Grange Poke Root Compound, 65c: Kow-Kare; 65c; Walko Tablets. $1.00; Parke- Davis Nema Worm Capsules, 5c and 7c each; Empty (used 1 Gal. Bottles, 15c; 1 Gal. Glass and Stone Jugs, 15c; 5 Gal. Tin Cans, 15c; Coca Cola Barrels, $1.00. LOOKING OVER POTATOES Ray Murray, secretary of agriculture for Iowa (left) and C. L. Fitch, secretary of the Iowa State Vegetable Growers' association, conferred in Des Moines this week in regard to the epidemic of misleading tags on Red River valley seed potatoes being offered Iowa people at the present time. Secretary Murray is holding the official blue tag of the seed commissioner, a state official of North Dakota, and Mr. Fitch is holding an Iowa blue tag apparently made in imitation of the North Dakota official tag. Mr. Murray calls attention to the' fact that the official tag was sealed on across the mouth of the bag and that the use of the word "certified" or of a similar tag or seal on other than certified seed is illegal in the states of North Dakota and Minnesota. Mr. Murray has had his inspectors made fed- eral agents just now and says that they easily could protect Iowa people against such practices, if there were either Io\va or federal laws against misbranded seed potatoes. Mr. Fitch explains that genuine certified seed potatoes always have been inspected twice while growing as well as when loaded on to the cars, by constituted state authority, and diseased plants and their tubers removed before harvest, and that any attempt to make a sale on the basis of any tag resembling a true official tag either in color or statement should put the buyer on his guard against such seed and such methods. Mr. Murray suggests that information in regard to cases of misbranded potatoes be sent to his office, for transmittal to the state authorities in Minnesota and North Dakota. abled farmers to hire more hands -nd pay them better wages, says the bureau, whose crop correspond- ·nts report that there were 80 hired workers on every 100 farms this April 1 as contrasted with 64 on 'an. 1 and with 79 a year ago. Also the higher farm wages are believed o reflect increased opportunity for obs outside of farming-. The supply of farm labor, ex- iressed as a percentage of demand, was 154.2 per cent of normal on April 1, against 173.4 in January,and 213.5 a year ago. The April 1 supply-demand ratio is the lowest since July, 1931. 2,645 lowans Given Work in 1 Week by U. S. Job Service DES MOINES, April IS. UP)--A total of 2,645 lowans were placed in employment by the Iowa National Re-employment Service during the week ending April 14, H. W. Glass- 'ord, statistician, announced today. DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed Mason City Rendering Co We pay phone calls, Phone 1096- Having Purchased a Truck . . . I Will Haul My BLACK PERCHERON STALLION 1 from Farm to Farm Call 7 or 31 at NORA SPRINGS for terms or dates M. C. BITTERMAN Fertilizer We Have a Complete Stock of A G R I C 0 and "AA" QUALITY FERTILIZER Both Wiol«nlc and Retail Cerro Gordo Implement Co. PHONE 444 115 8TH ST. S. B. The week's employment of 2,645 persons is an increase of 840 over the previous week. Of the total, 1,192 persons were placed in .private industry jobs and 1,453 were employed on public works projects. INTEREST CHARGE ON LOANS DOWN TO 5 PER CENT Former Maximum Was Up to 9 Per Cent, Analysis Reveals. WASHINGTON, April 18. (^Pi- Farm Credit administration refinancing operations in the Omaha Federal Land bank district have resulted in the reduction of mortgage loan interest charges from a maximum of 9 per cent to a maximum of 5 per cent, the Farm Credit administration announced today. An analysis of loans in the district, which comprises Iowa, Wyoming, Nebraska, South Dakota, shows that annual interest charges formerly ran from 5 to 9 per cent. The analysis covered more than half the loans closed from June 1, 1933, to March 31, 1931. The highest rate now in effect on refinanced paper is 5 per cent and a large part of it draws 4 per cent. With First Mortgages. The administration reported the analysis dealt only with first and second mortgages and short term commercial paper. The total of all loans closed during the period covered in the district was about $122,500,000. According to the report, the bulk of the loans previously carried interest rates of. 5 to 9 per cent, but in some cases were 10 per cent and even higher. The average rate paid on mortgage debts refinanced by the Federal Land bank formerly was 5.3 per cent, and on short term commercial bank paper 7 per cent. Financed by Bank. The corresponding figures on these classes of obligations financed by land bank commissioner's loans were 5.4 and 7.3 -per cent. The average interest charge on all classes of indebtedness refinanced was 5.5 per cent. Against these rates, the farmers now pay 4i» per cent on their land bank loans until July 11, 1938, and 5 per cent thereafter for the duration of the loan. If the loans are obtained directly from the Federal Land banks instead of through national farm loan associations, the interest rates are Vz of one per cent higher. Commissioner's loans are now made at a straight 5 per cent interest charge as compared with the former average of .7 per cent. I CITIZENS, IF YOU D1DNT HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE YOU'D FIGHT FOR IT. SO REGISTER YOUR NAME SO YOU CAN REGISTER YOUR CHOICE Here's REAL NEWS The G. S. D.* plank in our platform has made us the choice of hundreds of car owners when it comes to carburetor, speedometer and ignition service! You, too, are assured of e x p e r t work at a reasonably low price when you bring your car to this Authorized Un i t e d Motors service! "Guaranteed Square Deal. PHONE 494 111 119X0.DELAWARE AVE. FARM SEEDS AT SPECIAL PRICES TIMOTHY, bushel .. RED CLOVER, bushel $8.95 Sweet CLOVER, bushel $3.50 Korean CLOVER, J»1 bushel ....... «PI. A. B. LYMAN'S GRIMM ALFALFA, tflA 7C bushel ...... « D l U . l D DAKOTA 12.. $9.75 FIELD'S HAS THE PAINT VALUES Barn paint, house paint for interior and exterior. All colors of Quality Paint. Field's paint will last and last. Priced to Save you money. Stop in -- see color card -and let us t«II you all about the wonderful quality. Hay and Pasture Mixture for late seeding, bushel NURSERY STOCK Ornamental, shade and fruit trees -- shrubs -- and plants. Fresh and hardy variety. Finest that grows. Whatever you want, come to Fields' store. Prices that will suit your purse. GARDEN SEEDS Raise a good garden. It costs so little--but you can get many dollars' worth of vegetables out of it. Seeds in bulk and r packages as low as DC LAWN GRASS SEED will give you a heavy lawn in short time. Properly mixed seed. Shaker top box. Was 75c, now AUTOMOBILE TIRES AND BATTERIES FIELD'S FAMOUS COFFEE SEED POTATOES HENRY FIELD SEED STORE 514 South Federal Ave. Phone 370 Mason City, Iowa V fl

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