The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 15, 1944 · Page 1
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February 15, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 15, 1944
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DEPARTMENT OF H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S DES U O I N C S I A NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "TH£ HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL. L Associated Press and United Press Pun Uubed Wina (Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITX, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two Sections--Section One NO. m TANKS FAIL TO FREE TRAPPED NAZIS IN RUSSIA 2 Soviet Armies Push Nearer Stronghold of Germans at Pskov ^ By EDDY GILMOKE Moscow, tjf)--The red army If'jhas halted a heavy tank attack E'jlaunched by the Germans north- llvvest of Zvenigorodka in an un' ; "'5uccessful attempt to rescue large Sazi forces hopelessly trapped in (.he Cherkasy pocket, the arm} icwspaper Red Star said Tuesday hile at the northern ends of the ront 2 soviet armies are moving Loser to the German-held strong- quired old of Pskov. mittee Red Star declared that the Ger- lau tank attack in the jiorthwes jrner of the upper Dnieper be IK 4'as exceedingly fierce and tha ?!"Field Marshal Fritz von Mannstein apparently was uumiudfu of the amount of men and ma chines he was losing. It was hurled 'against a narrow sector and was stopped after slight, wedge-like penetration, th paper added. / Fighting was most violen northwest - of Zvenigorodka an west of captured Korsun, core o nazi resistance in the Cherkas death ring. Red Star pointed ou that the ranks of the enemy with in the trap have been markedl reduced and that even if a fei tanks crashed the red army line: the Germans' great losses woul in no way compensate them for what they would find. Of the 100,000 to 150,000 Germans originally reported trapped by the red army, there is reason to believe that not more than 50.000 remain. Red Star said. The capture .of Korsun. where resistance was especially fierce, saw many nazis die, dispatches said, while 'the battles of the last, few days have greatly increased the It, enemy cfeath toll, as the Russians mercilessly slaughtered all those who refused to surrender. . Describing the unsuccessful German attempt at rescue. Red Star said that soviet slormovik dive bombers turned the' rolling land northwest of Zvenlgarodka into -a. field .,of. flaming . tanks, Extend Iowa Bond Campaign Dne Week; Still Hope for iowa Drive to Go Over Top Des Moiues. (ft--The Iowa war finance committee announced 'uesday the 4th war loan campaign would be extended to the last veek of the month. The drive originally was to have ended Tuesday. Although the special market* ~ :---- ecurities ottered during the drive vill not be sold after Tuesday, ales of series E, F and G bonds and series C tax notes processed jy the federal reserve bank in Chicago before Feb. 23 will apply on quotas. The state committee explained hat this means that issuing igents shpuld mail all remittances !or those securities to the federal -eserve bank not later than Feb. 20 since the lag between actual issuance ot the bonds and processing by the bank is about 3 days. The extension of the drive is due largely to the lag between issuance of bonds and the time refer processing. ,thc com- declared. With a little more time, it added, it was believed the state would go over the top in the campaign. V. L. Clark, drive manager, reiterate^ that everyone who had signed up to buy extra bonds should make their purchases immediately. The latest reports show Iowa has reached 79 per cent of i t s ' e 5177,000,000 quota. * E Bond Soles Lag in County There were indications Tuesday that Cerro Gordo county was nearing its $2,497,000 quota in the 4th war loan drive but the only available figures^ showed sales of while R artillery Jired over open sights at the'waves of German armor battering at the red army's outer cordon. On the Baltic front other rec army forces were within 40 miles JS of Pskov, key to the Baltic states RED TERMS TO FINNS PLANNED Russia Has No Drastic Designs on Territory London, (fP)--Soviet Russia was reported Tuesday to have advised Finland that she has no drastic designs upon Finnish territory but that if the Finns want peace they must surrender unconditionally and grant Russian forces use of al! their air and sea bases as well as internal communications facilities The London News-Chronicle in a dispatch from Stockholm saic Dial These terms had been "intimated unofficially" to Finnish leaders who arrived recently in the Swedish capital, presumably for the purpose of sounding out Russians on the subject of peace. j At the same time Walter Fan-, Stockholm correspondent of the London Daily Mail, sard in a somewhat similar dispatch: '·The impression I get; is that Finland will be out of the war in matter of weeks and possibly days:" There was no confirmation of these reports from any source, and neither Helsinki nor Moscow gave any intimation that contact BRITISH CLAMP CONTROLS OVER BAY OF BISCAY Measure Designed to Prevent Potentially Adverse Observations London. (U.R)--The British navy clamped a tight pre-invasion control on shipping in the Bay ol Biscay Tuesday, declaring 150,000 square miles of waters to be dangerous and asserting that any vessel entering them without permission does so at its own risk. The measure announced by the admiralty was designed to preven potentially ftdverse observation and to increase antisubmarine 300 Nazis Seen Fleeing Monastery After Flying Forts Make Attacks GUNS OF ALLIES OPEN FIRE ON ROUJEDTROOPS and western anchor of a German i salient extending to Staraya Rus-' sia,\ 110 miles to the cast. The Russians- were sweeping south on a 70-mile-wide front between Luga and Lake Piepus, Moscow said, and captured several more towns Tuesday to add to the 2,000 square miles of territory already liberated in their 6-day drive. Capture of Pskov would cut oft from retreat those German forces still operating in the Lake Ilmen- Staraya Russa sector and would give the Russians a base from which operations to clear the Germans from the Baltic states could be launched. A drive to the west would virtually seal off Estonia from Germany, while Riga, vian capital on the Baltic coast, is just 175 miles from Pskov. Series E bonds at only 55 per cent of the quota of SI.101.000. Sales of E bonds to the end of last week were reported *t S(l9.- 930 by the county's issuing agencies. Extension of the drive .on individual purchases to the end of the month, announced Tuesday by the state war finance committee, was received happily by the county committee as an opportunity to better the record as it stood at the end of the regular period set for the drive, Jan. 18 to Feb. 15. "If everyone does,.his part, -.ye can still make a recorfav of which Cerro · Gordo/--county-.;can n be proud." suggested .Clarence Ai Knutson7 Cle'af'LaRe;"'c5un'£y .was finance chairman. "We should at least try to-exceed the state and national average." A bright spot in the Mason City campaign was the report that 3 salesgirls of the United Fruit store had topped S70.000 in sales. had been established as a basis for peace negotiations. In fact Helsinki dispatches, passed by the Finnish censors and relayed here through Stockholm, send there was no official indication that the government had asked for Russia's terms or was even ready to do so. It was clear, however, that the Finnish majority parly--the social democrats -- u'as putting strong pressure on the government lo acl and there were some intimations that the issue might precipitate a cabinet shakeup. A summary ol purely unofficia reports gave this picture of. the rj^rmst --which; the Russians were safdVt6 i: have " conveyed,'.to the measures in the vast expanse o; sea lying in the elbow of the French and Spanish coastline-the primary Atlantic approach to western Europe. The proclamation a 1 m o s doubled the waters lying "of Britain designated as dangerou to shipping, and served as a warn ing to dilatory neutrals interestcc in Atlantic shipping. A considerable part of the 150, 00 square miles bounded rough! by Spain, France and Britis vaters undoubtedly will be mined 'Neutral ships have b e e varned," a naval source said. " hey venture into the area with out permission, anything ma lappen to them. \ * PRESSURE IS TIGHTENED. lECUETARY KNOX DECLARE Washington, (U.W--Secretary the Navy Frank Knox said Tucs day that -the United States an Great Britain are tightening tl pressure of their blockade again sea borne transportation of goods to Germany. Commenting on a British admiralty announcement that an embargo had been placed on shipping in the Bay of Biscay, Knox told reporters: "That is significant because it parallels action taken by us on this side to reduce to the minimum and eventually eliminate transportation of goods to Gei;- MONASTERY BLASTED --American Hying fortresses and artillery Tuesday shelled the Benedictine monastery, strategically located on the crest of Mount Cassino. Allies declared not only were the Germans using.the monastery for observation but quartering troops there who fired at Americans. Yanks Occupy Isle Between New Guinea and New Britain By MOKRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The steadily improved position ot the united, nations in the southwest Pacific was enhanced further Tuesday by American occupation of a small but strategic island* between New Guinea and New Britain. In contrast with earlier battles for enemy territory. V. S. troops seized Rooke (Umboil island un- IOWAN IS KILLED March field, Cal., (/P)--Second Lt. Homer Evinger, Anita,-Iowa was one of 4 crewmen killec when an army B-24 bombei crashed into a parked plane or a runway. NewWillson Song, "Iowa," to Be Aired The first domestic performance of Maj. Meredith "Willson's new song, "Iowa." is to be heard Thursday evening-at 8 o'clock, according to word received here Tuesday. Premiere of the song was by the armed forces' radio service to which the native Mason Cityan is attached. It was broadcast lo all overseas fighting men. The domestic performance will be by Bing Crosby on the Kraft Music Hall program at 8 p. in, Iowa time, Thursday evening. 1---Finland to surrender- uncon ditionally, disarm her military | forces and surrender all arms am 2--Finland to permit soviet occupation of her chief cities, railway centers and air and sea bases for the duration of the war against Germany. 3--Finland lo guarantee that German troops now in Finland-believed to number about 7 divi- iions--would not be permitted to escape. 4--Finland to cede Russia the port of Petsamo.'situated on the narrow tongue of Finnish territory which extends north to the Artie sea between Norway and the present Russian border. Oh her part Russia was said to have indicated a willingness to forego any further major territorial demands, standing on the border established by the 1940 Finnish-Russian peace treaty with many through France. Almost all of ; Germany's blockade _runners land in the Bay of. Biscay. Vv-'IWs^ action;. sho.uld halt any attempt lo ^smuggle"· goid'ds" "from Spain to France across the Bay of Biscay; \ "Al! this indicates a tightening | of the pressure of our blockade," Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. the exception of minor revisio is in the vicinity of Salla and southeastern Karelia. Russia, also was reported ready to forego her lease on the Hangoe naval base at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland. NORTHERN FRONT, RUSSIA Works on Income Tax With Heavy Gloves On Virginia, Minn., (fi\ -- Visitors "xpressed surprise when the ound R. J. McNiff. advertising manager of the Virginia Enterprise, working frantically at his ncomc tax--with heavy winter ·loves on. "My fingernails won' ast until March 15," McNiff explained. v REDS GAIN IN NORTH--Escape of nazis in northern Russia is now cndaiigereds-witli the fall oE the rail hub of Luga. south of Leningrad. German troops under General Von Kiiechler have been driven from Polna on Lake Pcipus, toward Pskov. Weather Report "FORECAST Mason City: Cloudy and contjn- ued cold Tuesday night: lowest Tuesday night in Mason City 5 below: Wednesday, cloudy with slowly rising temperature. Fowa: Light snow and warmer southwest and extreme west portion and increasing cloudiness with little change in temperatures remainder of state Tuesday night: Wednesday light now and slowly rising tempera- lures. Minnesota: Partly- cloudy north and cloudy south portion with occasional light snow southwest portion Tuesday night. Light snow south and occasional light snow north portion Wednesday. Continued cold Tuesday night. Warmer Wednesday. I N MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 25 above Minimum Monday night 2 below .At 8 a. m. Tuesday 2 below At 10:30 a.m.Tuesday 8 above I YEAR AGO: Maximum 2 Minimum Minus 1 Precipilation .05 Snowfall 3 inches BERRY HEADS POSTWAR GROUP Iowa Rehabilitation Commission Convenes Des Sloines, (.P)--Don Berry, Indianola editor, was chosen chairman of the recently formed Iowa postwar rehabilitation commission at its first meeting Tuesday. Barr Keshlear of Shenandoah, former member of the state commerce commission, was named secretary of the group. Twenty-two of the 25 members of the commission, appointed several weeks ago by Gov. B. B. Bickenlooper. attended the initial meeting. The commission was provided for under a joint resolution of the 1943 legislature. Edward A. Kimball. ;i member of the commission nnd chairman of the stale industrial and defense commission, told the postwar group that the industrial and defense commission, at an earlier meeting Tuesday, voted to lend its support to the newly formed organization. ' Kimball recommended that the post-war group name Rodney Q. Selby, secretary of the industrial and defense commission, as its secretary. He expressed the opinion that the Iowa emergency-war act under which the industrial and defense group operates was sufficiently broad to enable it to carry out the wishes of the postwar committee. He called attention to the fact that the resolution creating the post-war com^ mission carried PJO appropriatioi: i and stated the industrial and defense commission's appropriatioi was ample to finance the affairs of both groups. Senator George Faul (K.. De Moincs) suggested that the post war group should pick a secre tary from its own membership and Oliver v Keilejr, secretary o the Burlington Chamber of Com mcrce. nominated Keshlear. "It appears to me." said Jin O. Henry of Council Bluffs, in opposed Saturday to complete allied domination of both Vitaiz and Dampier straits along the vital supnl.v line for the Bismarck archipelago. The Japanese made aerial attacks on American positions at Cape Gloucester and Arawe. Mew Britain: Torokina. Bougainville: and. for the first time since the central Pacific campaign, struck at Roi island ot captured Kwaja- lein atoll in the Murshalls. Damage and casualties generally were reported -as^ligh.t...,. -r The enemy,^possiblxjo.. save 4ts aircraft for "major" defense operations, showed scant opposition fo allied raids nose bases o the southwest More (hau 200 allied planes fought through a curtain of aerial interceptors and intense anti-aircraft fire to dump an additional 179 tons of bombs on 3 airdromes at Rabaul, New Britain. The raiders lost 3 aircraft to 7 for the Japanese. Two enemy planes were smashed on the ground in a HTMon assault the navy flyers carried out their heavy attacks? without fighter opposition or ground fire. Navy aircraft also struck at Ujelang, midway between Eni- I wetok and Ponape, important Japanese base in the Carolines jroup; at Utirik and Ujae, on the vestern side of the Mnrshalls, while arni3 f bombers and fighters Ground Observers See Uniformed Germans Running From Structure By LYNX HEIX/ERLING AND GEOKGE TUCKER Naples, OPi -- Waves of flying fortresses dropped boinbs on the centuries-old Benedictine monastery at Mt. Cassino Tuesday to help clear the road to Rome, routing almost 300 Germans from the lofty observation post where they h a d directed murderous f i r e against American doughboys. As the smoke of the aerial bombardment died down, allied big suns started shelling the abbey. The first aerial attack came about 9:30 a. m. (3:30 a. m.. Centra! war time) and sent from 50 to a hundred uniformed German soldiers running from the monastery, ground observers reported to allied headuarters. Once they appeared in the open, allied artillerymen opened up with a barrage of shells th.it covered the terrain over which the nazis were fleeing. A second u-ave of bombers followed, sending an estimated 200 more Germans out of the monastery. They likcu-i.sc were engaged by artillery. The Monastery, founded 14 een- PUT CEILINGS ON MEALS IN IOWA Program to Be Placed in Effect March 6 Des Moincs. (P?\-- Price ceilings will be put inld effect March 6 on meals and drinks served by restaurants and taverns in the (M county Des .Moincs office ol price administration district. Walter D. Kline, acting OPA district director, announced Tuesday. Similar regulations will go into effect at the same time in the olh- ^ ^ j j er areas of the midwest OPA re- j t lu 'jes a«o,"is'pcrched on Mt. Cas- northwest of Rooke, was take 1 !); Dec. 2ti when American invasion of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, ftanked,,the .enemy's shippine "rout ^ from Ks^nil t» j gioii, Kline added. ! S \ n0: overlooking the town of Cas- The ceilings provide that after smo ;mc [ dominating 'the road | March G restaurants and taverns I w hich the Germans hold as a corridor for their despc troops in Cnssino. Because, of its strategic position the Germans have converted the attacked 3 unidentified atolls in the Mavshnlls. Occupation of Rooke island! without the firing of a shot indi- , catcd the Japanese had .abandoned j may nol c h a , se more for any | dol - [ol . theiv desperately resisting il as untenable. Long island. ] meal beverage or food item than they charged during the period from April 4 to 10, 1943, the i tor declared. In recent months food serving cstab Itshmerrts" -nnd--* t« verns --had been .-asked- by the; OPA to.,h,old to the April 4-10 prices on a voluntary basis. "We realize, of course, ihat majority of the restaurants in the Des Moincs district have been j Michael .!. Curley. archbishop of complying with OPA's request for | Baltimore and Washington, ex- voluntary adherence lo the prices pressed regret Tuesday at the they charged during April 4 to 10, 1943." Kline said. "However, some operators have disregarded the "bro^^a^iAlgiers Radio! t and central Pacific. · » , · r\ 1 1 Argentina Declared War Against Axis London. (U.R) -- The allied-controlled Algiers radio said Tuesday that Argentina has declared, war against the axis. (The broadcast, which had no immediate confirmation C r o m German Use of Abbey Is Scored by Archbishop Baltimore. I/P -- The Most Rev. , on Kavieng, Xcvv Ireland, which · BU C , I()S Aires, followed reliable redrew not a single enemy fightcr into the air. Seven more parked aircraft were destroyed at Wewak, northeastern New Guinea, where again there was no interception. Disinclination of the Japanese fight it out in the sky was lown well in Monday's announce- ent of the 3-day hammering of niwetok atoll in the Marshalls by S. carrier-based planes. Al- lough the island is regarded . siding with Faul and Reiley, "tha the interests represented here ar so varied that it might be well tc have a secretary from our ow group. 'We might run into con flict where the field is so broad. Kimball then withdrew hi nomination of Selby and Kesh lear's election was by acclama tion. Kimball then repealed h earlier statement that the offic and clerical help of the defens commission would be available to the post-war group. ports from Montevideo that Argentine Foreign Minister Gen. Alberto Gilbert had resigned his posU) The Algiers radio said Argentina considers herself at war agafhst the axis after the sinking of an Argentine ship in the south Atlantic. DOGCATCHEK RESIGNS Pocatello, Idaho, tfP)--He won't no ot the enemy's prime stepping have to worry about a dog's life tones from Truk, Japanese naval [any longer. The astion in the Caroline islands, resigned lo clip hair request. As a result. OPA decided that in fairness to the many who were complying. the ceilings should be made mandatory. tl Violalors of the regulations will be subject to criminal penalties, civil enforcement actions, triple damage suits and suspension proceedings." SPRINKLER SYSTEM BREAKS Des Moincs, (.'Pi--Damage estimated by A. M. Nortvcdt, mana- get. at 350,000 resulted when o broken sprinkler system pifce caused a large volume of water to soak merchandise stored on the I 3 upper floor_s nnd in the base- dogcntcher h a s j m c n t of the Montgomery Ward ' necessity fur bombing tile Benedictine monastery at Ml. Cassino, but said tha.1 "every Catholic ' Co., warehouse Monday night, Buy War Saving* Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. ALLIED FIFTH BATTLES FIERCELY FOR BEACHHEAD--American infantry ol t'ne allied 5th army is moving across an open field toward a farmhouse in which Germans bad . set up a machine gun {luring the battle of the beachhead bulge below Rome, while a hit c German t a n k blazes to the right of the farmhouse. Allied troops are now regaining iniiia- "*~ tive after fighting off German attempts lo drive them back into the sea. throughout the world. [ am sure, ivill understand." At the same he denounced the Germans for "their nefarious warfare," Saying he knew the Italian monastery very well and had visited it, Ihe archbishop added thai "if it had to brt bombed, I am very sure that our American fighting men had no desire whatever to destroy that glorious symbol and fixed sanctuary of Christianity. ''The Germans- evidently took dvantaec nf the American atti- ude toward such a monument nd. according to all information, hey tool! possession of that acred place in order to carry out heir nefarious warfare. "Every Catholic throughout the vorld. I am sure, will understand he bonil'in? by our hoy.s." monastery into n fortress and an mpc-rtant key for ihcir net'.vork of Jirtifk-ations. 70 miles southeast )f Rome. Direc't hits were scored by the fortresses, but there was no immediate estimate as to the extent of !iie damage inflicted. "Ground troops of the 5th army wcrc onlookers as our airforce dropped bombs on the monastery and German network of defenses on Abbey hill this mornine." an allied headquarters statement said. "Ground observers reported direct hits on the massive structure." (A Reulcrs correspondent with Ihc 5th army said marauders and Mitchells bombed the Abbey again Tuesday aftcrnono. (A Berlin broadcast declared the monastery svas in flames from the morning altnck, giving '"as there were no German troops in the Abbey nor in its neighborhood at the time of She bombing, no firciighting appliances were available. Therefore t h c buildings could not b? saved.") High explosive* from at least 2 strings of bombs smashed directly un the roof of ihc sturdy olri abbey, founded in 529 A. D. by St. Benedict. Nazi troops have lakcn up positions there, allied headquarters declared, lo send murderous fire against U. S. troops assaulting the Hill overlooking the town of Cas- siuo. Smoke poured from the roof of tht abbey itself, and the earthshaking bombs sent up great plumes of Kray ant! blade smoke. (The British radio, in.a broadcast heard by CBS, said "100 Tly- ing forlre^cs flew over the peak 1 of Mt. Cussino and pouncicd Ger- m;m positions there." (The G c r m ;i n communique broadcast by Berlin 5aid Mt. Cassino abbey was bombed "although no German soldiers were either in

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