The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 16, 1939 · Page 1
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March 16, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, March 16, 1939
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. M'lK.ON ' · ' t H « 1 S T . U £ U 4 A R T P E T Of l O H t i . COUP 0 £ S M C I N E S I 4 NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL. XLV ASSOCIATED PB£SS AND UNITED K^TOLL i .·;-, P Corcoran Blamed for Confusion on Taxes WASHINGTON--The adminis tration confusion in taxes is beine attributed ethereally to Tommy Corcoran. It appears he recovered too soon from his recent illness, that is too soon to le treasury Under - Secretary Hanes get away with the business appeasement tax corrections he ha fully planned. The rehabilitated mentor is Paul Malion Eoosevelt it would be fatal to his cause to backtrack on taxes or anything else important now. While Tommy is behind the confusion, Ben Cohen is behind Tommy. Mr. Corcoran's brain twin is supposed to have been alarmed for weeks by the administration trend toward reforming its reformation, but lie had to wait until Tommy, who is the articulate half of the twin new deal propellers, could get out of bed and talk. They both swung Harry Hopkins somewhat around, although he had then freshly returned from his Iowa business appeasement speech. Mr. Hopkins is reported to have been less adamant than you would suppose, as his Iowa speech failed to get the enthusiastic reception anticipated from business. Hanes was lured to lunch in a downtown hotel last week by two of these three, and there the confusion started. Hanes had a program for repealing five business taxes in favor of a flat corporation tax of 20 or 21 per cent. Among the taxes he would have repealed \yere capital gains, excess profits and undistributed profits. In substance, he was informed 'Ithe . .administration"' __ .might not ' - * -- v ^ " -- . - " ·voluntarily now 1 ;: than :: involuntarily Vlater. However,; he appears to have lost the argument, r or at least failed to convince his adversaries." Congressmen on the senate and house fiscal committees have felt Hanes might resign in view of the very serious effort he put into his tax-correction program with them and other authorities, unless Mr. Roosevelt in-the end swings to bis side. Extracts Appropriations The system Mr. Roosevelt has developed for extracting top relief appropriations from congress is practically perfect. Congress cannot make a cut. No one can cut. No one can find out enough about what is needed to question forcefully his requests. His sycstem is first to let the cities decide what they need. As any city would be considered municipally nutty if it failed to take all the money it can get from the federal government, the requests are wholly based on sane human nature. This is the basis of "need" and - no one can go behind it, because no one can dispute it. The WPA just adds these-estimates up, sees that the cities are not too much out of.line, and Mr. Roosevelt asks congress for that amount of money. If congress rebels as it did this year, it cannot remain rebellious 1 -.long^ Mr. Roosevelt comes back- in a day or a month, says one or two million people are going to have lo be thrown off relief, a n d ' then sits back to let the mayors go to work on the congressmen. The ciues do the lobbying job for him and never fail, because no congressman can stand up against hi= home town screaming for federal money--especially as there is no way for a conressman to know what need actually exists except as the cities compute it. WPA adds it and Mr. Roosevelt presents it. * * * Garner Cries, "Racket" This time congress took a blind stab and reduced the emergency relief appropriation S15000000D iordering the WPA not to cut relief rolls more than 5 per cent a month in February and March The WPA did not cut them that much. In fact, its rolls were larg- S 1 -','" March than in January, it did abide by one phase of the law requiring it to cut off 30000 aliens, but put on so many more needy from its waiting list that it now has more than before the aliens were eliminated. If congress asks why, Mr. R. just says the "need" prevented economy. Maybe it did. No one knows Deluding Mr. Roosevelt, who is taking the word of the cities eternally hungry for federal dough. Mr. Gamer, the V. P., once told the president this system was "a racket" by the cities to extract money from the federal government. ( C o p j r i t h t , K i n t Fejlnrc!, Ice.) "TH£ NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS" MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY.MARCH 16. H O M E E D I T I O N ' -~~~. v^-i, w nA , . I J l U r v O U A I , IVIAK(JH 16, 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS ' -_ H -- SECTION ONE _ NO. 135 HfflJOAKESOVER SLOVAKIA HOUSE AGAINST IOWA CLASS C BEER PERMITS Amendment to Limit Sale to Incorporated Towns Also Defeated BULLETIN IES MOINES, ypj_The Iowa house Thursday approved a beer bill amendment removing all proposed limitations on the sale of beer to persons on relief. Representative Leo Hoegh (R), Chatiton, sponsored the amendment, to the relief limitation section. The vote was 50 to 29. DES MOINES, (IP)--Represen- entatives favoring a continuation of 'calling tlie corner grocery for a case of beer" took a one-sided trimming in the Iowa house Thursday. The lower chamber crushed, 85 to 12, a beer bill amendment which would have left undisturbed the present law permitting the issuance of Class C permits. That type of license allows "incidental" beer dispensers to sell ;he beverage for "off-the-prem- ses" consumption for a fee of S25 a year. Criticize Irtrin Ruling _The house also defeated, 43 to 45, an amendment which would iave limited sale of beer to cities and incorporated towns. The lively morning's proceedings included discussion of the phrase "payoff n Des Moines" and criticism of Speaker John R. Irwin for a ruing in Wednesday's local option battle. Opposing the Class C amendment. Representative Philip Roan (R), Fort.Madison, said the-.class ^ .permit has forced grocers into he- ncer-' hiicinbeff---«Xnn^,,,-w: their Hlinko Guards Replace Czech Army troopers w o u l d l a k e was understood that of an ordinary army. Tiso promised Hitler lhaf the"storm Strike Situation Quiet in Mason City's Plants Steps Taken To * Organize Laundries in Waterloo The strike situation t "Jri many cases," he continued" the customers often drink the )eer in the place of business of he Class C permit holder, thus Hitting the licensee in direct competition with Class B permit holders paying the higher fee." Defends Class C Operators Class B licenses, issued for sale f Beer by the stein, cost a mini- Tium of Sl.OO a year. Representative E. A Moore D), Harlan, defended the Class C perator by placing responsibility or any law violations on local en- orcement officers. "They could clamp down if they vanted t o _ on these law-breakers he com- T^ - - - - A. Yager D), Spirit Lake, said investiga- lon had disclosed '-at least 1 000 £ the 1,914 federal retail liquor eaier permits in Iowa are held nd honky-tonks," nented. Representative W. osed to be limited" to "staTe"iiquor tores. Encounters Village Opposition Roan filed an amendment to rohibit the sale of beer outside ities and towns and immediately ncountered a bloc of defenders E the rights of unincorporated illages. Roan cited the "lack" of olice protection in such towns as ne of the "dangers" of permitting ch sale. fa Representative Elmer A. Johnon (R), Cedar Rapids, asked Ren- esentative Frank Hallagan (R) 'es Moines: "What about these places in DCS Moiiies where they sell a man ever.vthinsr from a cncktait on up? Are the police ever around?" Hallagan referred to a recent hotel raid in which a policeman was sfaUoned outside the door of a stag party. "The police evidently are in close proximity (o the situation," he said as the house laughed Criticizing the situation in the villages and also on the outskirts ot larger Iowa cities, Roan at one point declared he had heard of a pay-off in Des Moines" "Whether there is or not I don't know," he said. "Personally I don t care," ,n? eP ,!' e u entalivc W - J - Johannes (D), Ashton. objected to constant reference to Des Moines in the beer and liquor discussion. ''Conditions in other large cities are about the same." he said "The chair thinks that is a wise suggestion," the speaker said. Nazis Will Take All Amateur Sending Sets PRAGUE, (/P)--General von Heppner, German army commander in Prague, ordered Thursday that all amateur radio sending sets be surrendered to the police. There were several hundred transmitters in Bohemia and Mor- 3 VI el * ( C i t y s laundries was quiet Thursday with the Ideal-American iaundry shut down entirely and Lyons Laundry and Dry tnc.,' handling only hos- conciliation work in the milk slrike, having been notified by Washington to attempt to get the employer and drivers at the in Mason fchermerhorn plant together. Mr. on duty at the Marshall and Swift plant but it was in operation. Marshall and Swift drivers were unwilling to join the union, Joe Pease, union business agent, reported following a meeting with the drivers and managers of the plant Thursday morning and picketing will continue there. The union official admitted however, that lie could see no reason why failure to unionize the Marshall and Swift plant should be taken by managers of the other two laundries as reason for delaying negotiations there. "Marshall and Swift hare assured us that they will pay whatever wages are called for in any contract with other laundries in the city," Mr. Pease asserted, "so there can be no longer any question of unfair competition there." Making Deliveries Wenig's entry into the situation followed a wire to Washington by Art McCoid, business agent ot-tlie local drivers union."" Mr.Wenig conferred with Mr. .McCoid ;andvpther_union- jnembers and planned to meet with"Elrrie'f Bowers-, operator of the Schermeri horn plant, in the afternoon Following that an attempt will be made to get the two together at the same table. Mr. Wenig came lo Mason City Wednesday in connection with the -strike at the E. G. Morse produce plant. The plant remained quiet agreed could be put on the open market to prevent unnecessary loss, according to Wayne Elliott business agent of the PWOC local Mr. Wenig Wednesday evenin" a "-l ^ursday morning conferred with H. J. Bryant, attorney for Morse, and Mr. Elliott. Those who attended the conference said "no developments" have taken place. MASON CITY WINS 25-23 Diagonal, Hubbard Wm Opening Games of School Tourney ' BULLETIN BES MOINES--Mason City's Mohawks advanced to the sec- BELIEVE HITLER MAY PLAN TO STRIKE SWIFTLY Diplomats Speculate on Danzig, Memelland and Ukraine Treasures BERLIN, (/P)_The chance that Adolf Hitler now might strike swiftly to settle other unfinished nazi business in Europe was sighted Thursday by foreign diplomatic circles. Amid the reichsfuehrer's triumphs in breaking up what was left ot the Czecho-Slovak republic after Munich', those quarters two dominant ques- .' ond . round , of the "scilool 1 '* b'asHiStbali state high ' Thursday afternoon by downing- Newkirk in a last minute rallr 25 to 2.1. The lead .switched frequently. At one time in the third quarter Newkirk was ahead 18 to 14 In the first tiuarter Mason City look an early lead, once piling up a 10 to 9 lead. DES MOINES. tfPt--Pop Var- nei-s fighting Diagonal champions started defen.se of their state interscholastic basketball title here Thursday with a :J5 to 25 victory over Clinton's River Kings The Maroons, overcoming discussed tions: 1.--Haw soon would Hitler move to return Danzig and Memclliind lo the lap of "mother Germany?" 2.--How quickly would Uitler follow up his regenerated eastern push toward the dream of rich treasures in (he Ukraine? Despite the fact that the Fuehrei usually had permitted a lull between successes, there was a chance now that he might reverse the procedure and strike while Die iron of ,111 empire-in-the-mal'.mg was still hot--particularly in the case o£ Danzig and Memel. Hitler had spaced out his three latest and greatest successes over slightly more than a year--the annexation of Austria, the absorption of Czecho-Slovakia's Sudq- lenland and finally sponsorship of a new Slovak state and a protectorate over the Czech part of the former Czecho-Slovak republic. Hunches Have Worked Thursday his armies were ii control in Bohemia and Moravia and on guard in Slovakia. Hungarian forces, with apparent German acquiescence, had marched across Carpatho-Ukraine, ^ the remaining fragment of free Czechoslovakia Early Thursday the Hungarians established a common frontier w i t h Poland. Men who have studied (he ways of the Czechs' new protector have always noted his disregard of conservative advice pile his and how, des- hunches have ·ly enes when I told them they could come up Thursday morning and talk to our drivers," said Ai-Icigli Marshall of Marshall and Swift? "Mr. Pease came to the plant this morning and tnlked lo our drivers and they all turned him down. Other drivers, when approached by the union previously, expressed the same opinion : ' Mr. Marshall stated that before is agreement was reached with the union, picketers tried to stop trucks from malcing deliveries. One truck was stopped twice before police intervened and instructed picketers not to interfere. One of the drivers was taken lo the union headquarters in an effort to persuade him to join the L" 1 T · T eh^ f^al Tesbmony Is lead, moved into a 17 to 10 h a l f time advantage and were never headed by the Missouri Vallev conference team. Hubburd's rangy team this Heard in $16,000 Suit Against Estate IOWA CITY. 0t-- Final testimony foi- the p l a i n t i f f was expected to be heard in Johnson county district court Thursday in the $16,000 damage suit against the estate of Dr. J. A. Edward-: Dr. Edwards and Dr. Howard L. Beye of Iowa City, and Alva Hutson ot MarshaIJtown were Killed in an automobile crash near September of _ t I T ' -- ··O.' L ^ t l n l I V 1 1 I J Ralph Hiserote, a bespectacled forward, leading the drive, stopped Lenox, a class A club from southwestern Iowa, 31 to 27, in the second morning round. The winners grabbed a 9 to '', advantage in the first period It was a fight to the finish after i-enox, which won the fourth dis- into the lead. JOETTES WIN I.V CONSOLATION FLAY DUBUQUE -- St. Joseph of Mason City worked. They wondered Thursday what was his hunch on Danzie and Memel. It was reasonably assumed that these two bits of pre-war Germany were not "vital" in British and French eyes, especially because of their large Germanic populations. (The Memel territory, 1 099 square miles, population 151,980 was detached from Germany by Die treaty of Versailles, first placed under control oE a conference of ambassadors but finally handed over to Lithuania Feb. 16, 1923. Memel retained a large measure o£ autonomy. (The free city of Danzig 75-j square miles, population -107,000 was taken from Germany at Versailles, placed under the protec- il- i tion of ;''-! ^?_?. un ). t in "the PolVsh'customs c k i n h , to the second round of the the company executive union. stated. ''Our people are 100 per cent opposed to the union practice of picketing and molesting of workers," he said. Competition in Waterloo The greatest difficulty in the resent situation, according to the MarslialHown 1036. The suit is being brought by B j Consolation series in the diocesan H. Grey, administrator of the Hut- ' basketball tournament here by de- son estate. !)·.·,»..,,, u_i.. ^ . _. _ _ ;a outlets.) Couldn't Challenge Nazis Britain and France merely made inquiries regarding Germany's I annexation of 7,BOO,COO Czechs in i i Ihe present instance so it was ar- ad- gued that little Lithuania scarcely * * * .* * * , Britain and France Will Call Envoys Action Will Be in Protest to Hitler's Absorption of Czechs LONDON, (U.B--The British and French governments have agreed reliable sources said Thursday, lo recall their ambassadors from Berlin. The official reason for the recalls was to report on events in centra! Europe but really the action was in protest against Germany's march, the sources said. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced in the house of commons that the government was considering the summoning home of Sir Nevile Henderson Bniish ambassador to Berlin. It was understood Robert Cou- londre, French ambassador, was already in Paris and would not return to Berlin. Watch Gold Transfers Sir John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer, told a questioner the government had asked the bank of England not to make any exceptional transfers of gold or other balances without consulting the government, but that the Chechoslovakian State bank had not yet asked for the transfer of any balances at present in England. The prime minister angered many newspapers by his mild statement in the house of commons Wednesday--that Keichs- fuehrer Hitler's aclion was inconsistent with "the spirit of Munich." "Keep Powder Dry!* The Manchester Guardian commented that Chamberlain had "a freezing gift of understatement." Generally the press called on the government to "keep your powder dry" and characterized Germany as an "undisguised" enemy of all Europe. It was believed t h a t : General Jan: Syrovy..'former premier- arid more recently Czecho-Slovak defense minister, and Premier Rudolf Beran might have been among the group of refugees from Prague which flew lo London Tuesday nighl and went into seclusion. Figures Show Impact The average Briton felt the full impact of Hitler's triumph in these figures: NAZI LAW GIVEN FOR BOHEMIA, MORAVIA AREAS Fuehrer Leaves Prague in Armored Car Escort, Going Toward Bruenn EUKOI'E-AT-A-GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Prague-- Hitler takes free Slovakia under German protection- ays down German law for Bohemia-Moravia, Budapest--Hungary annexes Carpatho-Ukraine; a c h i e v e s common frontier with Poland Berlin -- Foreign circles see next German steps toward Danzig and Memel, ultimately toward Ukraine: believe Hitler may strike quickly while empire building iron is hot B u c h a r e s t -- C a r p a t h o - Ukrame Premier Volosin flees to Rumania. With Hungarian army-- Bitter battle rages 7 miles west of Chust, Carpatho-UJcraine capital; Hungarians lost 100 dead and wounded; Czech and Ukran- jan forces rig trenches, buiid barricades. R o m e -- Fascist pi-ess reports CioaUan demands for freedom fiom Yugoslavia; gives German expansion moderale approval London-British press assails Germany for wrecking Czechoslovakia; finds German imperialism reason for vigorous preparedness; Chamberlain sticks to conciliation backed by rearmament. for s or coalition government to present solid French front toward Germany. Adolf Ja under the protection of Ms rapidly expanding empire, down German law for laid . -- *·" *«» AUJ Bohemia-Moravia and then left Prague with an escort of armored automobiles. The fuehrer of Germanv and the protector of. the .... at the outbreak of the Y'n-?, had been in Prague World war had an estimated popu- tor ^ ''OUTS during which hp !a/ . li °'i_nj__08,000,000 and an area dld n °t leave ancient Hradcany castle. It had been turned into a veritable fortress. Goes Toward Brucmi rimer's open automobile crossed he historic Charles bridge late in the afternoon in the direction of Bruenn, 116 miles southeast of He aSl (vas 0n ' rCad l0 - Brat 'Sli»-a. Thursday night. As German rule encompassed those two parts of broken Czechoslovakia, the third, Carpatho-Uk- of 208.780 square miles. Today Germany dominates a population of 90,000,000 and an area of 268 000 square miles. ' In the loss of friendly Czechoslovakia, Britain and France saw the disappearance of 40 army divisions and their modern military equipment pass into German lands--tanks, heavy artillery munilions. an air fleet and the' factories that produced them. Germany Gains Wealth mu x-, - · -- -- ..·- _ · · · · _ 1.11*1 j, ^ ^ e l L U t l i r i O -- I I If They saw Germany gain timber, j l ' ajn e, disappeared from the Eurn rpn. coal, graphite, lead, copper, P ean map by annexation to Hun" silver and other mineral wealth Sary. along with thousands of industrial ! c-ould dare to challenge German protection" for Memel It was problematical whether p union , business agent, is the e al- of La Motte the Poles strategically the stand. , legedly unfair competition on th part of the Waterloo Laundry company of Waterloo which services a considerable portion of the area in which the local laundries operate. "We already have taken steps to unionize the Waterloo p l a n t " he asserted. "The president of the International Laundry Workers! has agreed to send an organizer! into Waterloo. Two men from the drivers union in Des Moines al=o are going in to help the drivers local there." Clean Towel Service company drivers have signed up with the drivers union. Mr. Pease reported and are operating with their laundry work shipped in by truck from DCS Moines. In Morse Strike rvo attempt has been made by e union to bring Frank Wenig, u. S. department of labor conciliator, into the laundry dispute Mr Pease said. Mr. Wenig is acting as mediator in the strike which has resulted in the closing of the E G Morse produce plant. Mr. Wenig Thursday began Czech Flafj at Fair PI Czecho-SIovakia flag in the international hall at the Golden Gate International exposition was rune up to the top of its staff at sunrise Thursday. Then, slowly, 'without ceremony, it was lowered to half- Woman Who Gave Onej2 Escape Serious Cent in Income Tax I n j ury When BJast Government Causes Station units. The Times of London, pro-government, which excused German acquisition of Sucletenland last October, said: "For the first time since nazi- ism came to power, German pol- ^ y h a s moved unequivocally and deliberately into the open. The London Morning Telegraph, conservative: "The 'spirit of Munich' is dead and buried for who can hope 'to appease' a boa constrictor. It may well be recommended that the British government x x x- abate some of their sunshine talk' and substitute yet greater emphasis on vigilance" The London Daily Mail, independent: "x x x one thing and one thing only will serve Britain--her own armed might." Fire NEW YORK, VP)_Thal wnm-m , who paid the government a penny i C TM N T ON. f.^-Two men nar- income tax can call anytime and ' rowl y Craped serious injury when staff. i an explosion John McNamara, assistant U. | s?"° W get her money back. of gasoline fumes. a filling net taxable incomc'to S'conte.' , « O (,crt L. Holle. proprietor of She took four per cent of that, the station, escaped injury as he paid a penny and departed -~ J ~ ' · ."juy ds ne triumph. MeNamara, scanning her report I later, said she apparently had misunderstood alt the instructions. Had she filled out the return properly, he said, her tax would have and Donahue leaped through the windows of the station as the blast occurred. Boys Who Hid Become The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Increasing cloudiness, becoming unsettled in extreme west portion, not so cold in central and cast portions Thursday night; Friday c o n s i d e r a b l e cloudiness, somewhat warmer in ·northeast and extreme cast portions, colder in extreme southwest portion. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Thursday night and Friday; continued cold Thursday night, not quite so cold Friday. IN MASON CITY Hitler kid down the new fundamental law for the c o ti n t r y O f 7,000,000 Czechs a day after he had sped into the capital of the crushed Czecho-Slovak federation behind the wheels of his motorized armv. German protection oE Slovakia answered the appeal of Dr. Joseph Tiso, who declared the independence from Prague ot the little country Tuesday under Hit- lers guidance and promise of sun- port. * For Complete Listings turn to the Classified Page Now! Remember, Globe-Gazette Want Ads Bring Results p a d Jcss COMMISSION IS VOTED ~ By a votc O f i , SB to 2. the house passed a bill to give Iowa agents a 5 per cent commission on all insurance written in this state by out-of-state stock fire, and casualty companies. ·Help C E D A R RAPIDS, i/P;--Two boys, 10 and 13 years old, who hid in a storm sewer to escape a companion got more than they bar- gamed for. They became lost for more than an hour in the maze of underground tunnels before being rescued by a motorist who heard their cries for help. Globe-Gazette tics: weather Maximum Wednesday 22 Minimum Wednesday night 6 At 8 a. m. Thursday 24 Snow (race YEAR AGO: Maximum .-53 Minimum 32 Precip. 27 square more of the population of central Europe became German-ruled. Decree Is Issued Hitler, in a decree issued from the ancient Hradcany castle of Prague Thursday charted the future of the ancient lands of Bohemia and Moravia as that of "an autonomous protectorate" forming part of greater Germany. A day after he had sped into the capital of the broken Czechoslovak republic behind his motorized army, the master of central Europe laid down the new f u n d a - m e n t a l law for the country of 7,000.000 Czechs. Become German Citizen; His decree read over the "radio by his foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, made all the quarter million Germans within the protectorate German citizens This, however, is subject to the provisions of the Neuernbei2 racial (anti-Jewish) laws and other German laws. In other I words, German Jews cannot be siatis- j citizens. j All other inhabitants of ' protectorate arc subjects of protectorate. "The protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia is autonomous and administers its own affairs," the decree continued. Exercises Sovereign Riehls It exercises sovereign lights appertaining to a protectorate in the the

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