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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LEE SYNDICATE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by tlic MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State siren Telephone NÂ°- Â·"""' LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOXD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. ' SUBSCK1PTION KATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason CltÂ£ and Clear Lake,, Per year by carrier .... S7.nO By mall 0 months 52.00 Per weeK by carrier .... 5 .15 By mall 3 months M.Aj Per year by mall 54.00 By mall 1 month 4.50 OUTSIDE 10(1 MILE ZONK ,,, Per vear ... .56 00 Six months. .. .53.00 Three mOnths....Sl.... When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall, one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a, contemptible struggle.--BURKE WHERE THE PRIMARY FAILS A FEW days ago the Globe-Gazette declared that it would welcome a return to a system of regulated caucuses and conventions for the selection of party nominees. If the choice, however, were between Â· primaries as we know them today and packed caucuses and conventions, we should choose to string along with the primary system, as the lesser of two evils. The first written complaint against this view comes, by postcard, from Vera Haig, formerly Mt. Vernon Lester Hague. "It is something of which you should be ashamed," writes Vern under the clipping of our editorial taken from-the Sioux City Journal. "I suppose it would suit a few little rich boys to run things as they do in 'Dear Ole Lunnon.' But this is going to be the 'Good Old TJ. S. A. 1 again." At the risk of incurring Vern's displeasure, may we draft him as a primary argument against the primary. He is now running for governor. Last time it was for U. S. senator. As a perennial candidate, he is the logical successor to Eichelberg of Waterloo. He'll be running as long as his money holds out. Under a regulated caucus and convention system, both he and the electorate would be protected. The direct primary was supposed to be a democratic institution. Its practical effect, however, has been quite the contrary. Nobody without access to a considerable sum of money, or its equivalent in organization support, can hope for success in the primary. Ask Dan Turner or anybody else who ever tried to run the gauntlet. Statesmanship is going to continue at low tide so long as the system of selecting nominees restricts its appeal to the "nut," the man with money or the man willing to play the demagog role. LIQUOR FOR CHILDREN F URTHER proof that repeal of the eighteenth amendment didn't repeal all the problems of liquor control is contained in the following little item from a recent issue of the Chicago Tribune: "Sale of liquor in small quantities to school chil- . dreu was the target of an order introduced in the city council yesterday by Alderman Thomas J. Daley (seventh ward) and referred to the committee on licenses. "Alderman Daley pointed out that some saloons and stores have recently stocked small bottles of whisky and brandy--containing from two to four ounces--which are sold at 15 to 25 cents. This price, he noted, is within the pocketbook range of most students. "In order to stop the possibility of such student purchases, he suggested that the committee on licenses amend the city liquor ordinance so that liquor sold for consumption not on the premises be sold in lots of not less than one pint. "The alderman declared he had received a number of complaints concerning the sale of the small bottles to school children. been moving into Mongolia, as Russia moved into Outer Mongolia and Turkestan some time since. China is again the victim of commercial and po- itical ambitions of the stronger powers. The game is just what Japan played in Manchuria, England in India and Africa, and all the powers except this country in pre-war China. Of recent years the feeling has been that imperialism wasn't worth the cost--league of nation "mandates" have been at a discount; "native" populations were more troublesome than they were worth. This newest development is political rather than commercial, in chief. It is rather to bar the way to Europe and India against a future Yellow Peril. Japan is interested to check the spread of bolsher visrn into that part of Asia near her territories. IOWA'S PROLETARIAN ^PEAKING of revolutionists--you may have heard that the subject has recently been popularized--a good story is told about the big reception at the renovated soviet embassy in Washington. Senator Brookhart donned an ordinary blue serge suit and traveled over to the ornate building, expecting to feel even a bit over-dressed in a proletarian establishment. After gazing around at the elaborately garbed assemblage, including the soviet agents, the lowan was heard to remark disgustedly: "I seem to be the only revolutionist here." In Russia, they really don't allow such style for official occasions, but what would surprise Mr. Brookhart more, they don't allow insurgents either. Pertinent or Impertinent Washington dispatches say President Roosevelt in recent months is walking much better. One hopes that before long he will be able to walk as well as he ran in 1932. Sam Insull was always good at selecting appropriate names. He still is. For instance, there's that ship on which he's coming home. It's called the "Exilona. -^While Admiral Byrd keeps his lone vigil observing the weather, he might also try to figure out why people talk about it when they have nothing to say. -Q, The soviet embassy at Washington has rugs that contain 5 shades of red. That's rubbing it in. OTHER VIEWPOINTS --Â· - DECOKAH PUBLISHER BACKS BENSON AC. Bishop in Decorah Public Opinion:We recently Congratulated the republicans of the fourth congressional district on the high caliber of the two candidates of the party for member of congress-Messr,. King Palmer of West Union and Senator Charles A. Benson of Elkader. We stated that both men are gentlemen who can be depended upon to make a clean Campaign, and that e ith ^7Â° u lV e ?r ^strict gress with credit to himself and to the district We continue to stand on that statement. We had intended to publish no personal Prt*TMTM**TMÂ£ these two candidates, and we hoped that other republican newspapers of the district would,give both Candidates the same fair and neutral treatment. We note with regret, however, that this is no. the case-that a few republican newspapers whose past records in such situations have been damaging to the nartv are already expressing a preference be- iween SSfWo candidates for member of congress. That being- the case, no fault can be found with Public Opinion in stating that it prefers Senator Benson for the republican nomination. We feel that his outstanding leadership in several sessions of the Iowa legislature, his wide business training and experience, his superior agricultural education and the fact that he is an honest to goodness farmer who actually does much of bis farm work with his own hands make him the logical candidate from the district at this time We have known Senator Benson closely for nearly 30 years. While we will support Mr. Palmer m November if he is nominated, our personal knowledge of the honesty and ability of Senator Benson for a period of a generation convinces us that we should vote for hun at the June primary. NEW TK4FFIC DANGERS TJNDER REPEAL ranh-Herald: The traffic commission- In Iowa there is hope that this sort of thing is ^^^^^^^B^ precluded through a system under which the state assumes both responsibility and profits for the dispensing of liquor. It isn't conceivable that our state would ever be wilfully guilty of catering to juvenile trade but with intoxicants easily obtainable, it will not be surprising if unauthorized agents seek to cater to any and all markets. WALLACE ON THE TARIFF OECRETARY WALLACE testifying before a con" gressional ways and means committee made articulate his views on stimulating world trade. "I can perceive," he said, "of a situation where Â· Germany, for instance, might be willing to lower the tariff on lard in case, we will say, she could move some toys into the United States." Asked whether he favored lowering the tariffs on things Germany produces and ships to this country, the lowan said: "If Germany can produce them more efficiently than we can, it would be of benefit to our consumers. Germany has a large number of small industries. They seem to be more efficient than our-own. They are willing to sell at lower prices." What .do you suppose Mr. Wallace means when he uses the word "efficient?" Isn't it a matter of cheap labor and lower living standards? Germany under our tariff system is able to dump enormous amounts of toys into this country at a profit. It is not unreasonable to assume that the rule which Secretary Wallace favors would find countries capable of producing 'more efficiently' almost everything that is produced in this country. The crux of the matter, we still insist, is whether we want to go on maintaining an American standard of living higher by far than that of any other coun- " try in the world. p o n n g o are substantially higher than last years asserts bluntly that "the most significant single factor is tne novelty of legal drinking," and goes on to add that alcohol has figured in a larger percentage of fatal and less serious accidents during the first three months of 1934 than in the first three months of 193o. It is not only the fact that drunken drivers get out on the road that complicates matters--although this, of course, is the worst part of it. Drunken pedestrians reel out into the street and Furthermore, financial difficulties having caused most cities to reduce the scope of police activities, there are fewer "beat" policemen on the scene to collar such men and lug them off to the police station to sober up than there used to be. And there is still another angle to it. There is more night life now in the average city. More people are on the streets after midnight than used to be the case--and not all of them are cold sober. Empty roads on the edge of town are more dangerous now, along about 2 in the morning, than they used to be; exhilarated revelers, homeward bound, zip along such boulevards at breakneck speed and all too often reap the literal reward of such speed--broken necks. All in all the evidence is pretty strong to show that repeal has introduced an ominous new factor into the traffic problem. DAILY SCRAP BOOK CAT HAS -iwo KINDS of VOCAL CORDS- TRUE AKt FALSE -- -"frlElRUE CORO5 ARE U5ED FOR. MEW1NO PLACE. OffitE CE.R.EMONV oFSHAKINCJ ONLY IN PURRINq Â·SOME CHINESE HAVE HE. CUSTOM OF BRITISH INTERFERE? -THE PAPUAMS A cusloM WHICH HEAPEP -THE. BODIES OF SLAIN ENEMIES BASKETS WERE KEPT" UNTIL -THE OBSERVING ^^^^^^^^^^s^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^l! warn readers ol this department against entering into a tall tale contest with a transplanted lowan in California. You're doomed to lose. Winning just isn't in the cards. To make clear my point here, I am reproducing an item from the Long Bench Telegram received a few mornings ago from A. J. Barker who for many years owned and lived on the farmstead known as Indianheud today. The heading was "Man Accustomed to Tall Corn Given Shock by Tomato" and the story follows: "Back in Iowa, C. W. Spurgcon saw com grow tall, but he is willing to admit that a tomato vine now at his home, 5f0l Lewis Avenue, eclipses any other tomato vine he ever saw anywhere. "Pushing up from the ground as a volunteer shortly after Christmas, the tomato vine lias grown more than eight feet tall and covers half of the Spurgeon house. It is cov- vcred with blossoms and already has some small green tomatoes. "If the vine bears us it promises to. the Spurgeons will have toma- and give away this Â·4-IS . iCoprright, 1934, by DIET and HEALTH Dr. clenclcnlnK cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up. In order. In the dally column. Addr'ss your queries to Dr. Logan Clendenlnfc, care of Tne Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. W By LOGAN CLENDEXING, M. I. HOW BONES AND JOINTS FUNCTION E HAVE been discussing this week the body as a , . machine, and dwelling largely upon the work of the muscles. These, of course, are to the body merely what the engine of an automobile is to the automobile. In order to make the automobile move and do work, other structures are necessary. So it is with the body. These other structures, are, first, the nervous system and, second, the bones and joints. While the muscular contraction is largely an example of the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical energy, there is also an electrical factor in it which is supplied by the nervous system. At least, so far as we know anything about it, - the nervous impulse is an example of electrical energy. The only thing that has been found to be present in a muscle or nerve preparation at the moment of contraction is the change in electrical potential. The most important artificial means we have of stimulating a nerve, and hence a muscle, is an electrical shock. In our comparison to the automobile, the nervous impulse is represented by the spark from the battery. The other element in the body as a machine is represented by the bones and joints, which may be compared to the _ framework and wheels of an automobile. Nothing in nature is really more beau- A 'Â°^ Ba tiful than the manner in which the bones hollow tube, are constructed to do their work. They have been, in fact, the model of the best sort of engineering construction. In other words, they combine lightness and strength in their construction. A lone bone is a hollow tube with an extremely strong, thick, compact mass ot bone at the cortex enclosing air cavities and a fine network of bony structure, which makes for lightness. If all of our bones were solid bone a man would weigh two or three times as much as he actually does, and would not gain anything in efficiency from the standpoint of tensile strength. Inside the bone, of course, is also the tmarrow, but this has nothing to do with the functions of the bone itself. Equally amazing- are the joints, and upon one or the other of these joints has been modeled every sort of hinge or ball and socket joint used in The elbow Joint mechanical construction. Indeed, on an aa a model of O id Egyptian wall painting there was a hinge. jound, side by side, the picture of the construction of a primitive door with a picture of the elbow joint which served as its model and inspiration --the perfect hinge. EARLIER DAYS olnff u Pally Cimwtlntloii of InlcrÂ«tlnjr TIfins from Hie "Ten, Twenty nml Thirty Years Asa" I'llTM "' Ihe Globc-OmeUe. toes to eat summer. "Mr. Spurgcon says a number of people have stopped and asked aim ,he name of the vine. They had not recognized it as a tomato." In a little note accompanying the newspaper whopper, Mr. Barker said: "Suppose my critics of a year or so ago will insist that the w'riter, a Mr. Spurgeon, has also joined the Annanias club." Yes, Mr. Barker, I'm afraid 'ou're right about this fear. wonder what would be F. E. F.'s own answer to the query he puts to Eye Observing in the following contribu- Thlrty Years Ago -The Cerro Gordo county democracy which assem- oled in convention in the courthouse yesterday afternoon, by unanimous vote instructed its delegates to vote as a unit for William Hearst for president of the United States. A small blaze which had been set to a pile ot rubbish and lumber lying in the rear of the Anderson note! caused a fire alarm to bring out the department yesterday! Little damage was done, for the fire was Iowa Central freigh d ^ e r a m e t t h e mles south of Marshalltown which occurred Friday afternoon, was cleared today. Twenty Years Ago -S S Waterbury, Aurora, HI., is spending a few a local here from Madison, Wis. Th ' Paul'Herman, Marengo, is here for a few days on an Mrs. W. M. Ernest Baker of St. Paul are visiting at the R. E. Turnipseed home on West Mama street. Ten Years Ago-Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Robinson leave tonight for Keokuk, where they will spend their vacation Arnie Rye, Northwood, was a caller in the city Thursday, attending to business matters. Richard Romey, student at the University of Iowa is at home for the week-end with his parents Mr and Mrs. George Romey, 432 First street southeast Private Louis Nordstorm, troop G. Fourteenth cavalry, Fort Des Moines, has been assigned to duty at the Mason City recruiting station. Miss Edith Rule, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. L Rule and her school friend, Miss Josephine Engle ol Tulsa, Okla., are in Mason City for the Easter sea- readers .ion: "We hear much these days about :he Easter parade. Can you imagine one with the lads and gals rigged ;iut as follows: "The women wearing Quaker bonnets, balloon sleeves, small bustles, .he Grecian bend and Garibaldi waists ? "The men with picklcclish hats, linen dusters, toothpick shoes, woolen comforts and pulse warmers, tight leg pants with spring bottoms?" -_j^ got a real thrill from walcli- ftS ing Mason City's newly or- "vEJF- ganized junior drum and bugle corps as it went through its marching maneuvers over in Cent! a I school grounds one night recently. It is nothing short of amazing how quickly those youngsters learn to do their stuff, both as to music and marching'. In Chicago last autumn, the greatest single attraction- in the all- day Legion parade was the brilliantly garbed junior drum and bug'e corps from DCS Moines. Its march from the parade origiu on North Michigan boulevard through Soldier stadium was one continuous ovatiun. These junior organizations are prophetic. Up to this time the veterans themselves have been parading in increased numbers each yvnr at their state and national conventions. But with an average age now of 41 or 42 years, they're going to be willing;, in fact, compelled, to give way to younger legs. The first 15 years of the Legion's existence has been marked by marching organizations drawn from its own ranks. The 15 years ahead are certain to see just such a swelling tide of emphasis on junior activities, in sports as well as in musk-. It's gratifying to sec Mason City getting in on the ground floor with this great little junior drum and bugle corps. --o-don't want to indulge in scare but I can't resist suggesting that many a driver who rolls merrily along the highway with the breath of spring in his nostrils and the song "April Showers Bring May Flowers" on his lips will suddenly discover that the only flowers the ruin "orought to him ivere of the cut variety which kind friends send to cheer his days in the hospital. In other words, spring showers bring different traffic hazards which require certain precautions on the part of every driver. Rainy weather brings out the "ostrich pedestrian" who hides his head under his umbrella and then scurries across the street, totally unmindful of the automobile traffic. You've got to watch out for this fellow. Then, of course, April showers bring skidding hazards. Rain-soaked pavements require extra caution in stopping- and turning. Visibility if poor when the rain pours down. ^^^^^^^^J7ri77.7f;T,V ' ^T"^^ - y. , BY FREDtRIC J HASWN,DIRECTOR [GLOBE. GMETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON! In which States must automobiles 5 some form- of front Wheel suspen Â· be equipped with non-shatterable ECHO OF IMPERIALISM TpCHOES of the old days of imperialism, when all the "powers" were looking for colonies and native copulations to exploit, have come back with a Chinese protest that, far in the interior of Asia, where the AN INCOME TAX REVELATION Austin Herald: One of the most ominous signs about the new deal is one that so far has gone almost unnoticed--a little disclosure made in compilation of the most recent income tax statistics. These statistics show that whereas corporation taxes are up almost 50 per cent over last year, collections from persons taxed on incomes of less than $5000 a year have shown an actual decrease. At the same time, taxes collected from persons earning more than $5000 a year rose sharply, along with the corporation taxes. All this shows a growing concentration of wealth in the hands of the middle and upper income groups, and a decline in the position of the ordinary, middle- class citizen. It's a tendency, one would suppose, which a "new deal" ought to view with a good deal of concern. IF TAX MANIA IS UNABATED Thompson Courier: Already the tax dodger is trying to find loop holes in the new Iowa sales tax law. If the present trend to find new ways for adding more and greater taxes on the people continues, it won't be long until meters are put on a person's nose to tax the air he breathes. Then the tax dodger will start breathing through his mouth to avoid his share of the burden. WHAT DOES HAMMILt WANT? Webster City Freeman-Journal: The Allison Tri- nebulous Chinese boundaries melt Into Tibet, Russian Turkestan, Mongolia and India, Russia, Japan and Britain are at the old game. Local insurrections, China asserts, are being fostered by foreign funds to nibble off bits of China and set up buffer states to barricade China's back door. Not so long since, it may be recalled, a British ad- t J- 1 1 1 Â· ' Hf*f IL i IK 11 L, UiJ L UV U! 'Vfl W llil t. l-l.' J~ ft, vt*ti,4iut*i.^ t.v- venturer was set up as some sort of local king m a,|Tj n i t e ( j g lates sena t 0 r in 1936. if things look favorable Chinese province on the border. Japan, of course, has; a t that time. TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born il'RII. 17 ~~~ This Date--Clarence Darrow, b. PRAIRIE POETS Once a Week Feature Edited by Lou M """7 l Hnroiitor., Secretary of 'He '"Â«" AuthorÂ» Clul and Dedicated to the Bulldlns Vv ol a Ulstlnctlvc Iowa Foctry. 1857. lawyer, advocate of common rights, New Dealer. * * * Richard Harding Davis, b. 1864, was correspondent and novelist--Soldiers of Fortune, Van Bibber, Etc. * * * Logan Feland, b. 1869, retired Marine corps commander. * * * Austin Strong, dramatist, Seventh Heaven, etc. * * * Booker T. Washington, b. ISob, negro educator. * * * George Henry Lewes, b. 1817, Englishman who wrote A Biographical History of Philosophy, one of the "100 Best Books." It is perhaps the best brief resume of the history of human thought that has been written, and possesses literary charm and distinction which sets it far above Duranfs ballyhooed Story of Philosophy. a * Â« 1775_Gen. Thomas Gage, 54, (a one-time fellow officer of George Washington), acting in the capacity of governor-in-chief and captain-general of the province of Massachusetts, dispatched 800 men unoer Lieut. Col. Smith and Maj. Pitcairn to destroy a store of arms which his spies informed him had been collected at Concord illegally and to seize Samuel Adams and John Hancock, rebel agitators. Toward midnight the men left for Concord. 16 miles away, secretly--so they thought. The Colonials had spies, too, and William Dawes, Paul Revere and other messengers hurried through the country side to rouse the home guards and warn Hancock and Adams. i Â· * * i 1926--On the anniversary of the earth pains which inflicted disaster on both sides of the Pacific, Mauna Loa, the mother of volcanoes in the Hawaiian group, was moved by another such disturbance. She bune thinks John Hammill would make a'strong can- group was moved by another such disturbance She didate for governor. But Mr. Hammill doesn't want opened up a seam m her side and poured a stream ol !,, ,._ S:,i~f~ f _ tt ti,~ iTv^wtfsn-innrnni her boilinEr bloorl down throufm the mountain Slopes to be a candidate for governor. If the Freeman-Journal her boiling blood down through the mountain upon the villiage of Hoopuloa and on into the Pacific, where the waters were made turbulent for several days. Jocile Webb Pearson was born on a farm in Story countv, near Maxwell. Her mother was a natural poet and one of Mrs. Pearson's earliest memories was this mother scribbling verses on bits of paper here and there As a child she loved to roam the out-of-doors and while sitting in the top of a tall tree one day she looked out over the world and past Mue horizons and dreamed of doing great things. (And don't we all.') The net result of this tree-dreaming episode in her life was a job teaching a country school at the age 01 seventeen Two years later she married and although she has had a home, husband, two daughters and a. son to care for through the years, she has always heeded the voice of the Muse speaking to her m rhyme Mrs. Pearson likes fun, folk, and flowers with plenty of music interspersed. Society, red tape and rules are distasteful to her. She spent six years in the Great Northwest, among the pines and mountains, and discovered what mere specks all mortals are in this universe. Her poems and articles have appeared in Field and Stream, Oregon Journal, Iowa Normal Monthly North Western Christian Advocate, Kaleido- eraph Missionary Friend, The Christian, Chicago Daily News and the Los Angeles Times. Her Mother's Day poem is now being given a musical setting by Clifford Bloom, Des Moines composer. Mrs. Pearson has been on the staff of the Bonville Western Magazine--has read proof and contributed book reviews. She belongs to the Robert Browning club, Iowa Manuscript club and the Iowa Authors club. Six of the winners in the recent poetry contest, sponsored by the Federated club of Iowa, were awarded a place in Prairie Poets. Tiic poem used today is the first of the six to appear from week to week. Mrs. Pearson used the pen name of Mary Allen. IT WAS FOR THIS By Jocile Webb Pearson A lonely figure walks Judean hills In seamless robe and sandaled feet, (Where shone the Star so long ago) And gazes sadly toward Jerusalem; and lo! The old heart-hungry cry: "How oft would I Have gathered thee" rings out again Through nineteen centuries of weary pain-"But ye would not." Oh slow of heart, humanity. Then faintly comes across the star-strewn night From spires innumerable with waves of light, The sound of children's voices sweet and clear In cadenced tones, upon the listening ear: "Peace, peace on earth" glad accents ring. "Good will toward men. our Christ is King." The bowed head lifts, the face is glorified -"It was not all in vain, for this 1 died." glass? B. L. New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Nebraska and Massachusetts made this safety measure mandatory. How did the superstition arise that it is bad luck to light three cigarots on one match? It. B. In the fact that in the old Russian funeral service, three altar candles were lighted from one taper. It was considered an act of impiety to make any other lights in groups of three and, therefore, bad luck would follow such an act. Why are gallstones of cattle exported to Japan? A. H. Gallstones of cattle are exported in small quantities to the Orient. It is not to Japan, but to China, that this curious commercial article finds its way. The Chinese believe that gallstones are efficacious in curing- disease when worn as a charm about the neck. Where is Flanders Field cemetery? E. M. In Belgium, eight miles east of Courtrai, with the graves of 366 men of the Thirty-seventh and Ninety-first Divisions, which fought near by, and from the Twenty- seventh and Thirtieth Divisions, which fought near Ypres in the last weeks of the World war. What is jiu jitsu? J. L. sion. Among them are General, Motors, Chrysler Corporation and the Hudson Motor Car corporation. Is the widow of a man who came to this country and took out first citizenship papers entitled to vote? J. G. The widow is not a citizen of the United States and is not entitled lu vote. Whnt, Is thii address of Kdwiu Marliham? A. I). E. Westerleigh Park, W. New Brighton, New York. What is the correct pronunciation of President Roosevelt's name? F. M. As if spelled Ro-ze-velt. If the name and address of an inquirer is not jf'ven, will his question appear in the column? J. A. Probably not. Research work i." done only on letters which include names and addresses. Space ill the column is too limited to include unsigned queries. Give name and address and inclose coin or stamps for reply. Direct your letter to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Are race horses usually colts ol young or old parents? B. O. The Thoroughbred Record says horses bred for flat racing conic usually from young sires anil dams. The steeplechasers in which great strength, courage and stamina are Jiu jitsu means literally the art | required, come, for the most part. one's opponent use His ! from older parents. Golden Miller, his own disadvantage, who won the grand national this year, was the last foal of his dam. who was IS when she produced him. What part of the sun's radiation falls on the earth? O. R. Dr. C. G. Abbot of the Smithsonian Institution says that -the earth receives 1-2,000,000.000 of tht: radiation emitted by the sun. Of what nationality Is Eli/nlieth of making strength to It is not a system of muscle building by physical training, but rather a means of offsetting the effectiveness of powerful muscles by performing the most simple but skillful maneuvers. It is a scientific application of the knowledge of the weaker spots in the human anatomy. Every trick Uiat would be accounted "foul" in wrestling and boxing, is the height of excellence in jiu jitsu. This science is taught to officers and enlisted men of the Japanese army, navy and the police force. The United States government has recognized its importance by having it taught at West Point and at Annapolis as a special training. What state leads in farm machinery? D. B. Iowa, having- S.1B per cent of all the farm machinery in the country-. Nineteen states have less than 1 per cent each. Outside of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, what places in U. S. have large German populations? J. K. There are large German colonies in St. Louis, New York City, and Los Angeles. | What is knee action? V. V. ! Independent, wheel suspension, j When front wheels are independent- i ly sprung, each spring has its own j wheel. The idea of independent i spring is not new. Some manufac- j j turers have used forms of inde-! pendent springing for some t i m e , and as long ago as 1P13 a n u m b e r ; of small cars in this country were so equipped. The Imp Cyclecar had | two transverse springs, one above j the other, acting as the front axle. [ Almost all car manufacturers hav : equipped their new mi'dels with liergner, who has the stellar role in Catherine the Great? W. V. An exiled German Jewess. ' AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "They ain't gut m s^nse. How do t h e y exifi-1 t.o marry a girl that ain't 'n'eii necked if they neck ever' (ino they go with?"