The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 4, 1937 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 4, 1937
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 4 · 1937 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. «". 1*EE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day hu the , MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Enst Slalc Slreet Telephone No. S8M LEE P . LOOM1S - - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL Managing Editor ENOCH A, NOHEM - - · - . City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising" Manager . Entered as second-class matter April 37, 1930, at the post office at Mason City, Iowa, under the ace o£ March 3, 1879. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively en ·titled to the tise for publication of all news dispatches credited , to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all loca neivs. Pull leased xvire service by United Press. MEMBER, IOWA.DAILY PJIESS ASSOCIATION with De Moincs news and business .ofiiccs l 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear lake. Mason City and Clear Lake by the year $7.00 by the week s . OUTSIDE MASOrJ C1TT AND CLEAR LAKE AMU WITHIN 100 MILES OF MASON CITY Per year by carrier ....57.00 By mail 6 months ' $· · Per week by carrier .,..« .15 By mall 3 months si 25 .Per year by mail : ?4.0D By mail I month s .50 OUTSIDE 101) SULF. ZONE IN IOWA ANB MINNESOTA Per Year ,.|6.00 Six months . $3.25 Three months ..$1.75 · . IN ALL STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr...18.00 5 months..54.50 3 months. .52.50 1 month SI 00 An Honor Well Bestowed rpHE'C.'I. T. Safety Foundation could not have - 1 - selected a better subject lor major citation and reward than Lieut. Franklin Kreml of Evanston, 111 He was formally recognized at a meeting in New York Wednesday night as having contributed more than any other one person in America in 1938 to the advancement ot highway safety. Incidentally-yes, more than incidentally--he received a cash prize of' $5,000.' V · ' ' , ." ' · There may be some argument about the minoi awards--particularly the one for the best safety editorial written in 1336. But there will be none to debate the propriety of the Kreml a\vard. Lieutenant-Kreml is both the mind-and the dynamo, back of trie Evanston, 111., campaign agains accidents,' And Evanston has given our world the most] conclusive proof, ever adduced that our civil r izatioii can solve its highway safety problem IF IT HAS THE WILL TO DO SO. The story of Evanston isn't long. -It's short and easily told. A brief half dozen years ago this community of 65,000 lying at the north edge of Chicago stood by while motorists and pedestrians were being killed off almost like flies. Then Lieutenant Kreml came along. "This thing can be stopped--it must be stopped!' he said. He refused to accept the fatalistic theory that; slaughter on streets and highways is an inescapable penalty of progress. To the exact contrary he reasoned that it is an extremely questionable progress which leaves a path strewn with corpses. The remainder of the story is lha.t Evanston was organized for B frontal attack .on the problem through education, engineering and enforcement-the three "E's" of safety. And the result? In 1935 ·--last' year's figures have not yet come to our attention--only two persons lost their lives on the streets of Evanslon. Compare this with the 14 who were killed in Cerro Gordo county last year! Here and now- we acknowledge to this young Evanston officer the large debt, in inspiration and example, owing to him and his community by the organized safety movement in Iowa. This Iowa program bottoms on an assumption that Iowa can do what'Evanslon has done if it will approach its safety problem with the same methods and the .sameXintelligent determination. Gratifying indeed is it .to-this newspaper to see Lieutenant Kreml thus recognized by C.' I. T. We look upon him as the most distinguished apostle and exemplar of safety-in America today. He has done a magnificent job of translating preachment Into practice. He has proved for all time that America's, mounting slaughter on street and highway is an utterly futile sacrifice on the bloody altar of recklessness. . And so we salute Lieutenant Kreml in his new honor and congratulate C. I. T. for the discernment which led to such a worthy bestowal of that honor. We Give Much and Get Little ·pvEBATE on the reciprocal trade treaty authority ·^ granted the president--now up for renewal for another three years,--brought out from republican . sources the fact'that while exports to foreign countries under the trade agreements had increased, imports had increased disproportionately. In other words, while we were able to sell more the arrangement sold us an even higher percentage of goods. While these figures need to be analyzed before being accepted as evidence that the agreements were one-sided bargains, in which the foreigners got the best of us, they do lean somewhat in that direction. But the objection does not go to the heart of the problem, from the standpoint of ,the American worker and farmer. The chief difficulty with the .reciprocal agreements from their standpoint it that any concession made to any single foreign country under-them is automatically "generalized" under the most-favored nation principle--so that a lowered tariff offered to Holland, let us say, in return for a lowered tariff on some Dutch article we need, automatically applies to all other nations without any compensating concession. Thus seventy nations find our agricultural markets, for example, thrown open to them on a world price basis, in return lor the opening of one small market to our farmers or factory products. In theory the bargain idea is sound enough in a world in which all nations are fighting for close advantage. Unquestionably the agreements have stimulated trade and increased our exports. But a bargain is no bargain which is.not a trade quid pro quo, but a general opening of protective barriers for all and sundry, for no return concession. There will be strenuous objection from the slate department, which is anti-protectionist in principle, to forbidding exercise of the agreements. But in no other way can the agreements be worked out on a basis of fairness to American producers, unless sudden rush of generosity to the head should induce European countries to pay, in tariff concessions for advantages that they now get for nothing. That seems unlikely to happen. Beneficent Despotism JUSTICE LOUIS D. BRANDEIS in an opinion J written in 1927, in a case which involved wiretapping, used the following language: · "Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when the government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion, of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. , The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal-, well-meaning ' but without understanding." i . In Washington gossip Justice Brandeis Is usually mentioned as one who probably will quit (he bench when he has the assurance of a continued income. But somehow these words don't strike as coming from a man who would quit under conditions such as those prevailing now. Mark this well: Most endeavors to prohibit advertising are bottomed on the desire of some sponsoring group to keep prices sxy high'. This truth applies with special force to at least five proposals before the present Iowa legislature. Until we hear of somebody actually being induced to go to Excelsior Springs, Mo., because of that city's-radiator Romeo, we shall go on regarding it as a cheap publicity stunt. Somehow \ve have never been able to convince ourselves that there is any essential difference between SDUnd^thinking by old men and sound-thinking by young men. Whether the microphone that starts them on their way or the little dial that tunes them out is the most beneficial adjunct of radio is still being debated. The Pendergast henchmen in one -Kansas City precinct are in trouble for having let a Landon vote slip past them on the count. The 'flood experts now know that the principal culprit was old mother nature but they haven't figured out a way to punish her. Who can improve on this definition: "Initiative is doing the right thing without being told?" PROS and CONS PERNICIOUS LEGISLATION Sioux -City Journal: Newspapers of Iowa in protesting against pernicious legislation to which the general assembly in Des Moines is giving attention reasonably could have much more than a selfish interest in efforts to defeat it. ' Naturally, the newspaper, which is a business enterprise, and one dependent for the most part on advertising for its returns, is opposed to legislation barring various professions and commercial activities from using their columns. However, it may be even more important for the Fourth Estate to resist invasions of this,character because of the open implication that the tendency is toward an abridgement o'f the freedom of the press. : Specifically, this is what is under way. in Des Moines: As many will recall, a previous session of the general assembly enacted a law prohibiting advertising by dentists, except the display of professional cards. This was. the first' gain made in the direction of restricting advertising as a business. The statute was upheld by the Iowa supreme court. It is doubted that if carried to. the United States supreme court it would stand as constitutional. Today there are other proposals to be considered by the general assembly to prohibit various activities from being advertised. One measure would prohibit undertakers from advertising. Another would eliminate from newspaper columns advertising by beauty .shops and beauty parlors. There also is a proposal that optometrists be prevented from advertising. If hardware merchants have their way, public utilities concerns, such as gas and electric, companies, would be prohibited from either selling or advertising electrical appliances. Then there is a measure in the making that would prohibit drug stores and department stores from advertising meals, the objective here, of course, being to restrict and restrain them through such prohibition from serving food. It is interesting to note the phrasing of a portion of the anti-advertising bill against optometrists and undertakers. Under section'l the following appears: "9. As to embalmers and optometrists 'unprofessional conduct' shall.also consist of any of the following acts: a. All advertising of any kino" or character other than the carrying or publishing of a professional card or the display of a window or street sign .at the licensee's place of business; which professional card or window or street sign shall display only the name, address, profession, of- iice hours and telephone connection ot the licensee, ). Exploiting or advertising through the press, on the radio, or by the use of handbills,' circulars or periodicals, other than professional cards stating only the name, address, profession, office hours and :elephone connections of the licensee, c. Employ- ng or making use o£ advertising solicitors or publicity agents or soliciting employment personally or by representative." America is supposed to be a free country. Iowa is a state of the union. Yet legislators today are proceeding on the theory that government has the right to select certain activities of citizens and bring .hem under restriction and restraint that may be, ind surely would be in some instances, injurious to them. If it be" proper to prohibit one profession or business from advertising, or soliciting patronage, it would be proper to put restrictions on any enterprise. The trend is toward control of the people, not only with regard to their behavior, their conduct and their morals, but with reference to what they do to make a living. Legislation of this kind is nothing less than monstrous. Newspapers cannot afford to let this challenge to freedom on the part of citizens and on the part of the press to be made vithout combined and unrelenting opposition. IT'S A PART OF MOTORING Norlhwood Anchor: Any person who cannot afore! insurance to protect others against himself Cannot afford to operate an automobile. If, for in- tance, a man can afford to pay a $10 fee for state icense plates for even an old and cheap automobile, le should be given to understand that he must also fford $20 more for a minimum insurance policy, CAN'T BLAME IT TO AGE Forest City Republican: The Washington Post aid in a copyrighted story that a survey showed ockets were in arrears in 34 federal district courts, ut that judges over 70 sit in only four of those listricts. NOT SUCH A BAD SUGGESTION Algona Advance: Jay Franklin still insists a job s a property rjght. It would be curious to get his e-action if the syndicate would discontinue his column--in other words fire him. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . , . . by Scott . . . OEE$ O - -TRAVEX- BUT -fHELRT= ARE. FEW MORE. PICTURE-S^U E tttA.K Tfe CAfoT BU I LrT ·OVER. -ffe HORSE. V£.+ICLE, AtAt SKATES -TtiEi R.-TAILS ~ SEVERE -LACJ=RATfONS CAN BE IN«,ICED, AND PoiSoM lrVfRODUCE.t FROM A QUEER. £*UDA-fioi4 FROM HE SKIM WHEK HEiR_-tAii.; WEAR. -frit Fl«JH PROMPTLY NEW OME-5 3-I^ACT AMV OU PX.UG OF A DO 50 J_ouci A3 IT HAP- MAM, A qOLF COURSE. IN AU- oT -LABOR. BA-T-TAl-lOM 1 ! ·HoNoR-ED BY THIS rtAlJAK ·STAMP IGHT, 1937. CENTRAL PRESi M6OCIATION COPYRIGH DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CI.KNDKNING, .«. D. DIET Ar 7 D BLOOD PRESSURE \I7HY IT IS that blood pressure has, of all chronic '"' diseases, been so often ascribed to the influence of diet, I do not know, but so it is. The latest studies show not altogether similar results. But at least it is a complete review. AH the dietary articles which can influence anything are (1) meat and protein, (2) fats, (3) carbohydrates, (4) salt and other minerals, (5) total bulk, (6) roughage and (7) water. ' MEAT--A German investigator, Saile, examined 110 monks who had lived on an exclusively vegetable diet and recorded their blood pressures, comparing with 115 monks who included meat in their diet. In comparison, the vegetarian monks revealed a distinctly-lower blood pressure. This finding keeps bobbing up all the lime. But there are too many investigations on the other side to allow its acceptance. Thomas, for instance, in a whole tribe of Eskimos, exclusive meat-eaters, found that the. average blood pressure was no different from other people. · FAT--Some observers feel that fat has a blood-pressure raising Drinciple. As compared to meat, for instance, Klinefelter, working on groups of people who were inown to be extensive consumers of one kind of an article ot diet, found that 83 of those who had ligh blood pressure were meat eaters, but then 78 were extensive fat eaters. From this it would look as if fat was just as potent as meat in raising pressure. CARBOHYDRATE AND FAT make for overweight, and overweight is generally acknowledged to be associated with high blood pressure. Whether it is cause and effect is something that seems to me not proved. It is a good thing to reduce overweight on general principles; there is frequently i reduction in blood pressure with reduction in weight, but not commensurate with the weight .reduction. SALT--This, again, is a debatable topic. Several years ago the salt-free diet in high blood pressure was used quite extensively. Great claims, were made for it, but the fact that it has fallen out of fashion would seem to indicate that it did not come u| to expectations. Willis, in an experiment on limself, using a low salt and vegetable diet, produced a marked reduction in blood pressure. But, of course, any diet which is low and hence weakening, does that. 'So many of these experiments demand excessively unbalanced diets that the results are not reliable. American observers have not been able to convince themselves that salt has any effect on blood pressure. WATER--Plethora hydremica, as the older doc- ors used to call excessive water intake, receives ittle attention today. Recent experiments by Hol- ball show that there is no change in the blood vol- ime in high blood pressure, and believes there is no relation between it .and high water intake. ROUGHAGE and its effect on the constipation lave not proved to be important factors in lower- ng or raising blood pressure. TOMORROW Kr CLAItK KIS'N'AIBn EDITOR'S MAIL BAG WHY RUB IT IN ON THE SOUTH? DOWS--I wish to say a few words concerning n article on the editorial page, entitled, "The War sn't Over," referring to the South Carolina house )f Representatives objecting to a likeness of General Sherman being used on postage stamps, and eemed properly (?) astonished at the objection. My father was a captain in the union army and ny sympathies entirely with the preservation of he union, I can see the other side of the conten- ion. Why was Sherman's likeness chosen for postage lamps? Was it not for what he had done? Then vas it not a reminder to the south? Many of us may be good sports and take defeat manfully, but how many of us want to be taunted oncerning the fact. And though I do not mean that congress meant i as a taunt to the south when they decided to use "iherman's likeness on postage stamps, I can see iow it might appear to South Carolina. And while : was too late to rescind the order for the Sherman tamps, it seems (ha lonst that can be done is to so Robert Lee and Stonewall Jackson pictures on tamps immediately as promised and without sar- astic innuendo, and hereafter forget Civil war gen rals in the future. MRS. MYRTLE E. DENGER. N otable Births--Dean Cornwell, b. 1892, American illustrator, and mural painter . . . Louise Jordan Miln, b. 186'!, novelist who is Mrs. George Crichlon . , . Floyd L. Carlisle, b. 1881 in Watertown, N. Y., utilities magnate , . . Daniel A. Fitzpatrick, b. 1889 in Superior, Wis., great editorial cartoonist.. March 5, 1406-- King Henry VII of England granted to Giovanni Caboto, Italian navigator who was organizing an expedition to seek a northwest passage to India, a patent to locate and claim for the British crown "unknown lands in the eastern, western.and northern seas." Caboto, henceforth known to history as John Cabot, sailed from Bristol, Eng., the following May, and was the first European to set foot on the mainland of North America after Viking days. March 5, 1871--George Westinghouse received his first patent on the airbrake. His father had thought him a fool for tinkering with such contraptions. He was flunked out of Union college. It built him a fortune of $100,000,000! March 5, 1023--The governors of Montana and Nevada signed bills which created the first old' age pension systems in the United States. Maximum $25 monthly. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--A fool utlcreth all his mind, but a wise man keepeth it in till afterwards.--Proverbs 28:11. EARLIER DAYS IN, MASON CITY r c'*,«v Thirty Years Ago-W. E. Willing, Norlhwood attorney, is in the city on business today. Alberta Allis, one of Ihe teachers in Meservey schools, was in the city for a Sunday visit yesterday. Hilda Rhodes of Fertile returned home yesterday following a visit with friends in the city. Mrs. Fred Ueker of Nora Springs returned home today following a visit with relatives in the city. William E. Lewis of Chicago was in the city today transacting business. Everett Smith is visiting friends in Storm Lake today. Dan O'Donnell left yesterday for a visit with relatives at Omaha, Nebr. Twenty Years Ago-WASHINGTON--Woodrow Wilson today was for the second time inaugurated president of the United States. At local theaters today are the following attractions: Cecil, "The Common Law," with Clara Kimball Young; Regent, "Pearl of the Army," with Pearl White; Slar, "Held by the Enemy," with Pat Rooney, and Bijou, "The Sunbeam," starring Mabel Taliaferro. Mrs. M. C. Troutner of Charles City is spending a few days in the city visiting friends. Helen Ormsby »f Chicago has accepted a position in the city. Mason City high school girls won from the Algona girls 29 to 19 on the Algona floor last night. Charles Barber, secretary of the North Iowa Fail- association, returned yesterday from Cedar Falls where he attended a meeting of the State Association of Fair Managers. W. R. Irwin, local contractor and builder, was awarded the contract for the completion of the second floor of the library building at a meeting of the board last night Ten Years Ago-Results of games played in the sectional tournament here include the following: Alexander 22 Carpenter 16; Britt 34, Belmond 19; Fertile 30 Dumont 13; Hayfield 59, Kensett 11; Klemme 24, Nora Springs 6; Plymouth 24, Sheffield 19, and Swale- dale 26, Ventura 20. NEW YORK CITY--Jack Sharkey knocked out Mike McTigue last night at Madison Square Garden, scoring a technical kayo over the Irish veteran in the twelfth round. Sheriff G. E. Cress is attending the state sheriffs' convention at DCS Moines. Burton Buirge, who is attending DePaul u n i - versity of Chicago, is in the city visiting with his parents. Mrs. H. C. Card of Grand Rapids, Mich., is visiting relatives in the city. Mason City came from behind to defeat Kanawha 23 to 14 in the sectional tournament and advance to the semi-finals. ALL OF US WAITING FOR A WOOD T SHUDDER when I think of all the time I've ·*· wasted waiting for the right mood. Waiting until I felt "just right." Waiting for an "inspiration." Expecting something to happen by just "waiting." The lime I've spent in t h a t wasteful, futile routine would run into days, into weeks, might even add up to years. Some men and women procrastinate--and anybody will admit that procrastination is a grievous sin. Well, waiting for the right mood is just as bad. It's taking what everybody admits is a sin and calling it a virtue. I know all about it. I'm an authority on that subject. . . , Hundreds of times I've come to the job feeling fine. Full of energy. With an idea in mind that needed only a little thought and elaboration to make it ready for the typewriter, for the linotype machine, for the paper. Then I smoked a cigaret and did a number ot little chores that didn't need to be done right then, and talked triviality to half a dozen people. . . . And then complained that I wasn't in the mood'to write that article and cursed my luck and damned the fate that made me do what I was doing--and why didn't I do something else that didn't depend on "inspiration." Well, I know better now, I know that if I'm not 'in the mood" now, I cf.n work myself into it I can write whether I feel like it or not. It may not be good writing, but it will be better than nothing. It will have something, and 1 can throw it away if I don't like it. I don't have sympathy for myself any more, and I haven't sympathy for anybody who proudly complains that he has to "wait for an inspiration" . . . That's a confession of weakness. OBSERVING Provine That Accident Problem Can Be Solved ---., am glad that it's possible Kgfe to glean from the dis- tSB?" couragirig story of 1936 traffic fatalities--wlilch were the highest in history--a few crumbs of encouragement. Although accidents for the country as a whole were up 4 per cent, the cities turned in a 1 per cent reduction. Many cities--large and small-made drastic reductions in their motor vehicle death rate. Many smaller communities went through the whole year without a traffic death. The National Safety council points to this as evidence that accidents can be reduced. It shows that the motor vehicle accident problem is not impossible of solution. Accidents can be controlled-and you and your family can help win this humanitarian fight. The National Safety council asks you to train yourself to think in terms of safety when you drive or walk on the streets. That will help a lot in our community's fight on the highway accident menace. Arc There Others With a Confession Like This? agajt^ venture there's many an- 5g5§s other among you who at a ^--·^ confessional would have a story similar to the one related by Berry F. Halden in his personal column in the Chariton HeraldPatriot: "For many folks it just seems to be the easiest thing in the world to express appreciation for some kindness that- has been shown to them. For me it is the most insurmountable task in all the world. "When alone with my thoughts I can think of the nicest things I'd like to say to folks who have been kind to me; but when the zero hour comes when I should speak that piece something bobs up in my throat, takes a half-nelson on my Adam's apple and I choke up like a 14 year old kid in the throes of puppy love who is about to place a brief caress upon the lips of 'the only girl in the world.' "My pulse beats with the regularity of a 1918 Model T Ford' motor, nature paints my neck and ears a brilliant glowing red, and even though I can make my lips open and shut.but all that comes out is an unintelligible mumble that makes me feel like something that a stray 'and disgusting cat had just dragged in. "I know I have been cussed as the most unappreciative sort of a fellow alive, and I probably deserve the cussing, but if the; folks who have been far lander to me than I deserve could only know a part of the appreciation I feel they'd have a different slant. "I have an almost unholy.envy of the fellow who can say nice things gracefully, but to me--say, many's the time I have felt like bawling like a calf when I wanted to say 'Thank You' in a sweet and sincere way and couldn't get it done. "Appreciative? They don't make 'em any more appreciative, but I score no hits, no runs and plenty of errors when I try to. express that appreciation." A Quarterback Who Was Set to Turn In His Suit recalled here recently an incident out of a" game be- Iowa and Ohio at Columbus a lew years ago, in which Leo (Monk)' Jensvold crossed up Coach Ingwersen and gained some fleeting fame lor the coach as a "master mind." James W. Fay of Emmetsburg comes through-with this interesting sup-, plemental information. "Irving Nelson (the present Spencer high school coach) was sent into the game by Ingwersen with instructions to kick. Leo, for once, disregarded instructions and crossed up Ohio. He sent McLain through for a touchdown; Ingwersen almost fainted when he saw the team in a line-smash formation. "I asked Leo what he would have done if Mayes had failed tr score. He said he would have run to the dressing room and tossed in his suit, figuring to beat Bert to the punch. He was willing to take the chance and back up his own judgment. "After all, that's what Rockne thought a quarterback was for. While he razzed every other back, he let his field generals alone, feeling that to interfere might disrupt their morale and lessen the confi- ' dence a team should have in the quarterback's judgment." --o-Can You Think of 10 Words Endingr "Dous?" -_.,i,. ran into a poster the oth- Kg|i|? er day which can be safe*35^ ly guaranteed to deal a stout blow to almost anyone's personal opinion of his or her intelligence quotient. Dr. Victor G. Heiser, in his "American Doctor's Odyssey," tells of a mental joust in the field of English language which was brought to an abrupt termination when one of the participants asked the other to list five adjectives ending in the syllable "dous." With limited collaboration, I have been able to think of only three such words, but the physician-author maintains that one august gentleman to whom the- proposition was put, exasperated by his inability to meet the challenge, put his secretary to work with a dictionary and uncovered 10 adjectives, with the prescribed ending. Answers to Questions By KBEnERIC ,1. I1ASK1N Can minor children of a,' man who dies wlthgut leaving a will turn over in their mother the property which they Inherit under the law? ,T. C. In most stales, in such cases two-thirds of the estate must be held in trust for the children until they become, ot age. They cannot give the property to their mother, and only small amounts can be used for their support and education upon order by the courts. Tn \vhat countries Is slavery still practiced? P. P. No nation formally indorses slave trading, but it is believed to exist in Abyssinia, China, Eritrea, Hedjaz, Fufra, Liberia, Morocco, South Morocco, Rio de Oro, East and West Sahara, and South Tripoli. Is there a'magazine devoted to telepathy? J. AV. The first one of its kind in this country will be published as a quarterly by Duke university. It will be called a Quarterly Journal of Parapsychology and will be devoted to telepathy, clairvoyance and allied phenomena. Who Invented t h e r o c k i n g chair? S. D. Credited to Benjamin Franklin. Is Lauritz Melchior, Metropolitan opera tenor, married? E. R. His wife is Maria Haaker, former Continental screen star. "What Is the average number of persons per farm in the United States? C. H. In :935, 4.67. Wiat Is the name of the motor magnate in England, noted for his philanthropy? W. H. The Right Honorable Sir William Richard Morris, Bart., Baron Nuffield in the past 11 years has given away over 7,500,000 pounds. Some of his gifts include 2,000,000 pounds in Morris Motors stock in trust for his employes, 2,000,000 pounds to Oxford university for medical research, and 125,000 pounds for research in aid to cripples. Whal are (he largest tribes at Indians? C. II. The Navajo, Sioux and Chippe 1 was with respective counts of 44,078, 35,412, and 26,127. Did Baron de Kali), who helped the Americans during the Revolution, speak English? B. S. The German officer was familiar with our country. He spoke English very well. AVho was Bard of Ryda! Mount? M. J. The poet, Wordsworth, was so called because he lived at Rydal Grasmere, in the county of Westmoreland. His dwelling overlooked a beautiful view of the lake. IVliat Is the National speech arts fellowship? T. K. The organization was founded about a year ago by Dr. Mary McGovern of New York, to aid in establishing a criterion of proper speech and to call attention to outstanding speakers of the stage, screen and radio through the pre- sentation.of an annual award. What fruit In North America leads in auantlty and Talue of production? W. H. Apples, in quantity and value. Tell of a plant called the creosote hush. W. H, R. This 'is a common evergreen desert shrub of the caltrop or bean caper family. It occurs from Texas to California, attaining a height of 3 or 4 feet. It has small, olive green leaves which emit a strong, tarry odor. Early in the season it bears a profusion of yellow flowers. The plant harbors a small insect which secretes a! resinous substance identical in composition with the lac used in making varnishes. Is Sept. 17 or June 21 the anniversary of the constitution? B. S. Sept. 17 is the anniversary of the day that the final draft of the constitution was presented to the convention and signed by the deputies present. June 21 is the anniversary of the day t h n t it was ratified by enough states to make it the supreme law of the land. IVhal is (he value of placer gold in Alaska? W. It. The U. S. geological survey estimates the value of the placer gold reserve at least $360,000,000, this in addition to gold in veins that cannot be estimated. ABOUT GARDENS Successful gardens, like great battles, are won by careful winter planning. These arc the days to map your spring campaign--to plot the beds of annuals, design landscaping effects, arrange seasonal progressions and color successions. "Annual Flowering Plants," prepared especially by Washington information bureau is ready for mailing. It describes types and colors, (ells how to prepare the soil. Carries an official weather chart of planting dates. Packed with authoritative scientific findings from the U. S. bureau of plant industry. i The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Fredric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents .in win (carefully wrapped in paper) for the booklet "Annual Flowering Plants. Name Street City State (Mail to .Washington,- D. C.)

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