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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. LI Aisoclated Press ud United JTÂ«ss Full Leased Wins (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA. THURSDAY. JANUARY 4. 1945 This Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section On* NO. 75 YANKS GAIN 3 MILES IN BLIZZARD Nazis Attack in Effort to Aid Budapest Force RUSSIWKYIELD^ GRQUNDBEFORE FIERCE THRUST Jury Is Unable to Reach Verdict in Chaplin Case; Judge Declares Mistrial Hollywood, U.R)--Superior Court Judge Henry Willis Thursday dismissed a jury of 7 women and 5 men who were unable to reach a verdict after a day and. a half of* Mobile Warfare Rages as Germans Try to Break Through Line Moscow, (IP)---Mobile warfare raged between Budapest and Vienna Thursday as a huge German tank and infantry force, mounting the first German:counter-offensive on the eastern front since October sought to break through Russian lines to the relief of the surrounded garrison in the Hungarian capital. In the last Z days the Russians have given ground and it w a s probable that more would have to be yielded, although the Russians appeared to be getting the situation in hand. The German counter-assault was sprung from the area of Komar- om, a Danube river town 45 miles northwest of Budapest. The German-Hungarian, garrison in Budapest, where the 'Russians ' have overrun 1,062 c i t y 1 .blocks, was reported making sav- -age attacks in an effort to break out toward the relieving force. . Nearly a 3rd of the eastern section of the capital was in soviet hands, an additional 200 blocks having been captured in the last 24 hours. . : Â· The exact time the Germans Jaunched their counter-attack in the .Kqmarom 'area^has"hot been . 'disclosed, but .troth" available re.- -Vports it appears to have tigen Xues- ' ; 'day ; morning : in fthersnowy7:dawn. .Â·Â·Â·''\'.;7Â£." ; .":-Jie4VTr German-:thrust .was Â· Uiro wii at Russian artillery positions. A Red Star dispatch said the artillery line had been forced back by German tanks southeast of the city but it did not state the extent of the withdrawal. The official account said merely that the. Russians had given up several populated points along the southern bank of the Danube. * The most recent official accounts ' of the advance on Komarom had placed Russian elements 10% miles east of the city. The German air force has been giving increasing support to -the attacking armor and infantry. The enemy action, although heavy and violent, does not resemble any counter-offensive, field dispatches said. The Russian communique s a i d Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's troops, driving on Losonc (Luce- uec), in southern Slovakia northwest of Budapest, had captured Sacher, half a mile from Losonc's limits. Ten other places to the east and south also'fell to the Russians. deliberation on the paternity charges brought against Comedian Charlie Chaplin by red-haired Joan Berry, his former drama protege. Judge Willis declared a mistrial. "I believe the jury knows its own mind," he said. "I am inclined to accept the opinion of jurors who have deliberated several hours and reported they cannot reach a verdict." Foreman Ferdinand J. Gay had reported to the judge that the jury had taken 6 ballots and on each one had been deadlocked at to 5. Because it was a civil suit, vote of 9 jurors either way would have been enough to reach a decision on whether Chaplin was :he father of Miss Berry's daughter, Carol Ann, now 15 months old. Every ballot was 7 to 5, for Chaplin, Gay reported.. The jury was above average in intelligence, the judge said. "The division is fairly close to what we commonly call 50-50," he said. "To keep the jurors in custody longer would be just a little smacking of judicial pressure and not proper judicially." iss Berry was not in court, but reached at her home, she said: "I really don't know what I will do. 1 have nothing to say at. this time. You'll have tq talk to my CANADIANS TAKE ITALIAN VILLAGE 100 Prisoners Captured With Allied Advance Rome, (if) -- Canadian troops Jiave captured the village of Con- ventello, 2 miles east of Alfonsin on the Bavenna-Ferrara highway after inflicting heavy casuaitie on picked German forces, alliec headquarters announced Thurs iay : Approximately 100 prisoner were taken in the advance, a com munique said. After capturing Conventello the Canadians pushed out along road to the north on the east ban of the Fosso Vecchio about 1,00 yards and came to within 2 miles of San Alberta, on the shore o the Valli Di Cotnmachio. - Southwest of Alfonsine 8t army forces chipped away at th German bridgehead on the eas bank of the Senio river an gained about a quarter of a mile Meanwhile patrolling by bot sides was intensified all the wa across the front, particularly the area of highway 65 due soul of Bologna. American artillery broke up sharp enemy raids in the area o San Ansano, just west of highwa 9, 4 miles below Bologna. WICKARD'S MOTHER DIES Flora, Jnd., (JP) -- Mrs. Lenor Wickard, 70, mother of Sccreta of Agriculture Claude R. Wickarc died Wednesday night in her horn near here. The secretary's fathe Andrew Jackson Wickard, died few months ago. attorney, Joseph. Scott." She . appeared - distraught' arid quiteupset--~Â» r Â· Â· Â· Â· .Chapl$n.-was at home andVwas not talking to" reporters. "'." "!"Â·.'Â·-.'" Six of the 7 women Were for haplin'.' The lone man favoring the- coned ian was-Theodore Reischel, an iterior decorator who has one on. Gay said blood tests counted cavity in the deliberations. They ever discounted Chaplin entirely s the father, he said, bat.they Iso considered writer H a n s eusch and oilman J. Paul Getty s possibly involved. Miss Berry had testified that she ad spent time in Reusch's apartment during the period the baby vas conceived, and another wit- ess had testified that she had old of spending time with Getty i Tulsa during the same period, "The men were more decided in leir opinions than the women," lay said. Scott said he was indignant but lot surprised. "We are going right back to the alendar conrt and ask for a new rial," he said. "The outcome is ust as I thought it might be with he women throwing the rocks at he baby.*' Attorney Charles E. (Pat) Mil- ikan, representing Chaplin, was Â·estrained. "We are naturally disappointed nit are glad that the jury was for Chaplin," he said. One juror, who asked (hat the name be withheld, was outspoken: "Chaplin almost lost this case v h e n his attorney compared Chaplin lo Jesus Christ." SWISS REPORTS INDICATE MUCH NAZI STRENGTH German Armies Are Capable of Effective War for Many Months By THOMAS F. HAWKINS, Bern, (JP)--Information from inside Germany, discounting nazi propaganda, indicates that German armies equipped with a sc- ries of new weapons must be reckoned a fighting force capable of continuing effective resistance --perhaps for many months. Moreover, the nazis apparently believe they can still win the war by taking advantage of allied mistakes and difficulties. Reports dealing with the German military situation and use of secret weapons coming from a half-dozen independent sources in the reich stress these factors: White a fluke might end the war tomorrow, or a new allied offensive \ rriight.. quickly., s m_a s h Nazis React Violently and Advance in Some Areas; Battles Rage Paris, (AP)--American 1st army infantry and tanks fought 3 miles forward in the new offensive against the north flank of the Belgian bulge-by 8 a. m. and continued the advance Thursday through a blinding snowstorm, it was disclosed at supreme headquarters. The gains were along a 6 mile front on both sides of GrandmeniJ, 20 miles north of Bastognc. Three to 5 miles north and northeast of that bastion town on the southern flank of the German penetration, the U. S. 3rd army was halted by VIOLENT COUNTER-ATTACKS against the heroic 101st airborne division. Half the gains below Grandmenil were made in the first 8 hours after Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' resilient army went over the top. Weather worsened. Snowstorms turned 1 MIRACULOUS ESCAPE--A dramatic picture of .Lt. S. F. Ford, fighter pilot from Baltimore, Md., walking away from his P-38 unharmed a few seconds after he crash landed. He was shot down in flames by a Jap Zero over Mindoro island, P. I. (Associated Press wirephoto from U. S. signal covps, engraving by Kayenay) PUT OUT BLAZE Golden, Colo., (IP)--The fire at a filling station and grocery store finally was put out, J by calling on trusties from the city jail. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy and continued cold Thursday night and Friday. Occasional light snovy Thursday afternoon and evening. Lowest Thursday night about 15 below at Mason City. Iowa: Continued cold Thursday night and Friday. Lowest temperature 10 below north to zero extreme south. Few snow flurries Thursday night. Clearing Friday. Minnesota: Continued cold Thursday night and Friday. Lowest temperatures 25 below extreme north and 10 below extreme south portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 9 above Minimum Wednesday night 11 below At 8 a. m. Thursday 2 above Snow trace YEAR AGO: Maximum -U Minimum 26 massing -pazi -forces, . : it~.appear3 (1}, that the, G errnans have.' suj.4 ficient gasoline to' carry-out their present battle plan;"(2). new secret weapons are being turned out steadily in underground factories, and (3) troop reinforcements are still available in large quantity. It is difficult to determine the degree these informants have unconsciously absorbed nazi propaganda, but they are in a position to be well informed and have proved reliable in the past. Observers in Berlin are convinced the nazis had far greater Underground stores of gasoline than the allies believed. Synthetic gasoline is still being manufactured, and the Germans need far less fuel for their operations than in the days when the luftwaffe went out steadily. One German said of the luft- waffe, "We now go into action only after good scouting and intelligence reports indicate it will be worthwhile." These informants believe firmly that "V-weapons" being turned out in underground factories in Czechoslovakia as well as in the reich, now number up to 10. They say a new airplane, ready for use, is shot from the ground like-'a rocket. Carrying a crew, it switches to gasoline until approaching the target. Then the plane can use compressed air to permit a silent swoop. Alter leaving the targe and launching its one torpedo, i can switch,back to gasoline aiu land normally. The plane is said to mount 2 cannons and has a cruising range of about 1,000 miles Berlin declares a new portable rocket machine, strapped to one man and firing effectively over a 400-yard range, was used in thi von Rundstedt offensive. Meanwhile, the nazis are study ing constantly allied propaganda military policy and political ma Hickenlooper Has Temporary Senate Office With Wilson By ANN HICKS Washington, (U.P.)--If the former governor of South Carolina and the former governor of North Dakota get together Thursday with the former governor of Iowa, they* probably will just stand around and envy Leverett Saitonstall, the former governor of Massachusetts. And you can blame it all on office trouble. All the 4 ex-governors are newly-elected senators. But Saiton- stall, it appears, is the only one who has a^ nice; large,. clean, off ice ; pf his" own that' hii tail move. right 'TiiZi* ^tv --.L^ : ^^U11 "'..^J..!_*t; J'_' Â· -A 1 i Belgium and France. This conrs is being pursued by Germans wh believe they can yet win a worth while bargain by fighting on. While the truth is difficult t distinguish 2nd hand by any re porter, this is what non-Germai friends who have been on the spo say: The nazis believe the- politica upheavals in Greece, and Belgium and the still uncertain politica situation in France have don much to convince the German their best chance is to keep fight ing, and that as the allies involv themselves in more bickering compromise will become mor welcome. These sources say the German who might be tempted to revo or offer passive resistance are dis heartened by allied propaganda because they are able to check an find errors. Consequently, the hesitate to accept that which correct Buy your War B o n d s an Stamps from your Globe-Gazeti carrier boy. -TKe bthes': U get-off ice's eyer- lally but as of riow the" situation somewhat complicated. Here's hat we mean: Iowa's former chief executive, lourke B. Hickenlooper, a repub- can, has been taken in temper- y by Iowa's senior senator, eorge A. Wilson, also a republi- n, until Sen. James E. Murray D., Mont.) makes room (or Hick- nlooper by moving into the office f former Sen. Guy M. Gillette. But Murray can't move into the illette headquarters because lat's where the former governor : North Dakota, Democrat John loses, has taken refuge. And Moses is waiting for Sen. obert A. Taf t (R., Ohio) to trans- er to the office that former Sena- or Gerald P. Nye left behind. And aft hasn't begun to pack. Conference, you know. The former governor of Soutl- Carolina, Olin D. Johnston, a ctem- crat, isn't waiting for another enator to move on. He's homeless ecause painters and movers are till applying turpentine to anc ubtracti ng furniture from the of ice vacated by Sen. Sheridan Downey, Cal. Hickenloopcr, a tall, blue-eycO blond, defined himself for report rs as a "liberal republican." II aid he was most interested in ICR slation that will "re-establish th .ystem of free enterprise and en lourage the initiative of the in dividual." Moses, the only democrat th Â·oters of North Dakota ever elec = * * * * * * ed to the senate, said he could be efined as a "liberal democrat -- vhatever that may imply." As far as I am concerned," he aid, "the biggest job to do in this enate is win the war and then stablish the peace -- and maintain it." Then he .pounded his borrowed ' shirk . . e'cVii maihlaiivlt.".. : Plan Ban on National Conventions New York,. (IP)--A ban on na- ional conventions for the rest o, he year 1945 is being prepared by the ofices of war mobilization and of defense transportation, the American Transit association reported Thursday. The plan was related in a tele- ram to War Mobilization Director Byrnes from Col. Roane Waring president of the ATA, offering co operation in such a move. "We are informed that your of fice is contemplating a ban on al national conventions f o r ' t h e cur rent calendar year," Col Waring said in the telegram, text of whid was released by the ATA offic here. Germans Strictly Ration False Teeth Stockholm, (U.P.l--A Berlin dis patch said Thursday that fats teeth will be rationed strictly Germany from now on, and can be had only by special permission of authorities. Dentistry hns been a major problem in Germany since the allies bombed 2 toolh porcelain factories some time in 1943, Ihe dispatch said. DEGORAH LISTS LOW OF -21 Some Parts of State Get 3 Inches of Snow Des Moines, (IP)--The mercury ropped to 21 degrees below zero t Decorah early Thursday as more ban 3 inches of-fresh snow was eported in other sections of the tale... The weather bureau said the cold--.weather; -would- continue Thursd ayaijigh}: ,and L Fridayp with minimum readirigs'TKursdaynight ranging from zero in the south to 10 below in the northern part of the state. A few snow flurries also were forecast. The snow was heaviest over the central and southwestern sections. Council Bluffs reported the Jieav- est fall, 3.2 inches. Des Moines had 2.3 inches, making 5.4 inches on the ground. Ottumwa had one inch. There was no new snow in northern Iowa. The snow began falling Wednesday and continued late into the night in some areas, ft was light and was cleaned off highways without difficulty. The state highway commission reported all roads were open, although some were slippery because of packed snow. Other below zero temperatures early Thursday included: Atlantic 17, Davenport 15, Iowa City 14, Ottumwa 12, Charles City 10, Mason City 11, Dubuque 8, Spencer, Clinton and Burlington 6, DCS Moines 5, Cedar Rapids and Council Bluffs 4, and Sioux City 1. The highest reading Wednesday was 27 above at Council Bluffs. Coroner's, Jury Blames Mrs. Judson in Death if Rich Benefactress I.os Angeles. (U.R)--Mis. Louise 'cete Jlidson, who spent 18 years of her life in prison for murdering i wealthy miner, Thursday awaited 'urther action on a second murder charge after a coroner's jury lamed her for the death of Mrs. "Margaret Logan, her elderly benefactress. The jury accused Mrs. Judson's lusband, Lee Borden Judson. of possessing "guilts' knowledge as a principal" and recommended both DC held. Mrs. Logan's body was found in shallow grave in the backyard of her home Dec. 20. six months after her disappearance. She had been shot and her head beaten. Mrs. Judson, better known as Mrs. Peete, the name under which she was sentenced to a life term in prison for murdering Jacob C. Denton in 1920, refused lo testify at the inquest on grounds that she might incriminate herself. IOWA VICE PRESIDENT SWEARS IN IOWA SENATOR--Vice President Henry A. Waliace (right), an lowan, swears in a fellow lowan as he gives the oath of office to Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper, republican from Iowa, as the 79th congress opened Thursday. (Associated Press wirephoto, Kayenay engraving) into blizzards. Field Marshal von Rundstedt REACTED SWIFTLY with tank-supported counter-attacks. (The Germans said British tanks were participating in the new offensive and that the U. S. 9th army had been rolled up from Aachen.) Some 15 miles or so to the south, 14. Gen. George S. Fatton's third army advance was halted at least temporarily by .violent German counter-attacks north and northeast of Bastogue against the famous 101st airborne division. Field Marshal von Rundstedt built his southern flank force to 10 divisions. A dispatch from.the 7th army 'ront in northern Lorraine said the threatening German thrusl south of Bitche had been blunted and Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's men were hammering steadily flanks of the enemy sailent achiec- ing some advances. Persistent German attacks from the Saar to the Rhine, however hac forced the Americans from thei: holdings in the German Palatinat east of.the^'Wissembourg Gap an; from -all .except -the Saarlautern bridgehead in the Saarland. German advances of up to miles in Lorraine reached almos to Reiperstwiller, G miles helo\ Bitche and just 13 miles north o Saverne on the allied lifeline to til Rhine city of Strasbourg. A sma flanks of the enemy salient achiev ing from a comer of Bitche itself, bastion of the old Maginot line. Von Rundstedt reacted swiftly tc the first army offensive, opened 8:30 a. m., Wednesday by Lt. Gen Courtney H. Hodges after 17 day of defensive, parrying fighting. H started counter-attacks. Throwing in fresh reserves an taking advantage of the hard ter rain and cruel weather, the skill ful German commander braced h infantry and started using armore elbows against botli the first an third army drives. At the extreme southwest uos of the bulge, other Americans, ac vanced a mile and a half, cap tured two unidentified villagi south of Rochefort and hig ground dominating the valley. Hodges, shoving slowly powerfully south from Gram menil, began to encounter strongi elements of the' enemy army. H was pushing boldly straight to ward one of the heaviest concci tralions of German power on U front. Tile German marshal conr milled another tank d i v i s i o against the Bastogne sector. Of the 10 German divisions fighting Patton, half are tank or tank grenadiers units. The Americans were regaining Boy, 7, Dies From Acute Alcoholism St. Louis, (/P)--Robert Pankey, 7, died Wednesday, a victim of acute alcoholism. The boy's parents reported finding him, apparently intoxicated, in their basement on New Year's night. He told them he had drunk a cup of whisky. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globc-Gaieltc carrier boj. y yards what the Germans in eir surprise offensive gained by lies, but the angry and battered oughboys knew from the outset at the going would be slow and ugh and were declared prepared r it. In the bulge were 20 German visions, 11 of them officially de- xibed as severely mauled. Since he start of the German drive ec. 16, the first army had cap- ured 10,670 prisoners and the 3rd rmy 8,484, a total of 19,154. German broadcasts asserted iat 140,000 casualties were in- licted un the Americans in De- ember, although their commu- icjue Wednesday placed allied osses only as "far exceeding 50,00." The Germains said the allies ad opened an all-out attack from Stavelot to Marche and asserted hat the U. S. 9th army, last rc- iorted on the lower Hoer river lefore Cologne, was participat- Although the German pace was reported slowed in the snowy Vos- ;es mountains of b o r d e r l a n d Trance, .the situation there 'still. jad elements of peril. B.elo-w Bitche, ."the Germans\'hadri)ushVd" within 2 y 2 " miles'of the open Al;ace plain. Should the Germans reach the plain, the allied holds on both Strasbourg and the strategic Wissembourg gap would be threatened. The seventh army recaptured Wildengulh; just northwest ot Reipertswiller, but lost Phillips- bourg, 8 miles southeast of Bitche on the road to Haguenau, 15 miles away. The Americans fought to re- * win Phillipsbourg. Around Bitche, the seventh held on to the big Maginot fort of Sim- erserhoff but yielded the partially destroyed remnants of the equally powerful forts Schiesseck and Freudenburg. AP Correspondent Robert C. Wilson said. Southeast of Sarregucniines, the Germans advanced to Achen and Gros Rederching. Both are five miles inside France and 7 miles back from the positions inside Germany from which the Americans retreated. At last reports, the Americans still held Wissembourg Gap into the Bavarian Palatinate of Germany on a front 10 or 12 miles wide. (The German radio said the allies had launched an "all out" offensive in the bulge from Stavelot to Marche.) Whatever the outcome of the bulge battle in the heavily forested hills of the Ardennes where the allied winter campaign was slapped to a standstill, it became increasingly apparent that von ,: # * NEW ASSAULT--While the focal point of the bitter western front battle continued to be the town of Bastogne, Germany launched a new attack against the U. S. 7th army front, far south of the German bulge in Belgium.