The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 3, 1937 · Page 21
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March 3, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 21

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Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 3, 1937
Page:
Page 21
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE SEVEN SHORT CORN CROP INCREASED INCOME 'ItS e e m s t o M A Weekly Farm Page Presenting the Views of Representative N o r t f y Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important E c o n o m i c Questions. Home Products More Cash for Farmer Was Result Drought Areas, However, · Suffered From Conditions. AMES--One of Iowa's smallest corn crops on record--218,000,000 bushels--was responsible in a large part tor a 13.5 per over 1935, Iowa extension econ- Mr. and Mrs. Malzen were "born in Cerro Gordo county and It has been their home continuously. Mr. Malzen was born on a farm in Lime Creek township Sept. 18, 1898, and his train- Ing lias been always on a stock farm. Mrs. lUatzen was Miss Alia Ncilsen before marriage. She was born and reared on a farm in Owen township, but lived five years in Mason City. She was married Nov. Z9, 1922. Their present home is in Sec. 32, Falis township. They have three children, a son who Is in the high school at Rock Falls, and two daughters attending t h e i r rural school. cent increase in cash farm income in 1936 State college omists stated. While the state's corn crop in 1935 was about 155,000,000 bushels greater than in 193G, the increase in income is due to the rise in corn prices this year. While the farmers in the eastern and northeastern section of the state profited on their near- normal crops, the drought area suffered from the failure ot the By MR. AND MRS. MATZEN How large a farm do you operate? Mr. Mutzen: 240 acres. As owner or renter and how? As a renter. I pay share rent. My father owns the farm, and I have been on it 13 years. How do you keep up fertility? By rotating crops, keeping plenty of stock, seeding to clover, especially sweet clover, changing my pastures frequently and keeping the manure hauled out. I -favor sweet clover for a pasture plant because tt grows so rapidly and is more drought-proof than other clovers. I feed a good deal of silage for roughage. How many years does It take to get once around in your farm program? Four or five jears. I try to have corn, oats, seeded to clover, pasture, hay then sod plowed under for corn. If oats are to be followed by corn, I seed sweet clover with it and plow under the clover for manure. You don't know much aboul moving? Are three moves as bad as a fire? No, I haven't moved any but I can see what a loss it would be to move on March 1. I would have to move a lot of feed and roads are usually in bad condition. Then I would lose the knowledge I had about that farm I was leaving and I would have to learn the peculiarities of the place I - \vas going on to. I could not learn it all in one year. It is a big job to move .farm machinery in March. There is liability of breakage both in machines and in furniture. Then there is the loss of feed that I could not take with me and if I were a good farmer and had hauled out the manure and plowed under clover sod I would have done a lot of work for the benefit of the man that followed me. What Improvement can you Suggest in farm leases? If possible I -would rent for several years. I would require both landlord and tenant to give six months notice if there is to be a change. The renter should be compensated for unused fertility that he has not been able to realize on; also h« should be liable for willful damage to buildings and land. This may seem strange arid unworkable but I think we are coming to it. I notice you are feeding lambs. Tell me about your experience jvHh them? I have fed lambs for three years,--two years "under contract and this year I bought them o£ Strand at Plymouth, Who shipped, them, in from Mon- tana. I have not lost any from dogs or disease. I feed them 100 to 120 days depending on their weight when bought. 1 like Merinos with Shropshire cross or a Rambou- let cross. I keep about Iff- ewes over the summer to keep down the weeds in the grove and the orchard. I find lamb feeding is just as profitable as hogs or cattle. I feed them silage and they like it and do well on it. ilu the 13 years you have been farming for yourself which have been the best years and which the poorest? The last three years have been the most profitable and the years 1931, 1932 and 1933 were the poorest. Do you keep hired help? Only through harvest, threshing and silo filling season. Are farmers groins to take to the R. E. A. program? I have interviewed a number of farmers as to whether they would put in electricity under the government program and all seemed to think it worth while and are anxious to see it started. There is no good reason why we corn crop. Corn yielded an average of only nine bushels to the acre in this section, according to the last report. Belter for Hay. The past year was better for hay and small grain in the 44 drought counties on the southern and eastern fringe o£ the state, and for the state as a whole than it was in 1934, a comparable dry year, the economists found. Oats in the 44 drought counties yielded 21 bushels an acre in 3936 corn- pared to eight bushels an acre in 1934. Winter wheat, spring wheat and hay also showed a marked increase in yield in the past year. In 1936 the total cash income, including government payments to the farmers was £501,430,000 and in 1935, $494,122,000. The government benefits received by the farmers were more than cut in half when they dropped from $53,312,000 in 1935 to ?25,427,000 in 1936. Part Borrowed. Part of this increase in .income", h o w e v e r , is borrowed from what would normally be included-in the 1937 income, the economists point out. Lack of feed has forced liquidation of ivestock this fall which would ordinarily be fed out and sold his coming spring. The larger income from crops 'as partly'the result of heavier marketings ot crops during the first halt of the year, but was largely due to the marked advance in prices as the extent of the 1938 drought became more apparent, plain. the economists ex-- Grasshopper Threat. Mid-winter floods and subzero weather have no effect on the hatchnbility of grasshopper eggs, according to Entomologist W. P. Flint, Illinois. Grasshopper eggs in many sections of that state are estimated to be nearly five times as abundant as last year. The most effective method of fighting them is poisoning in the spring'while they are still concentrated near the egg beds. FARMERS NOTICE! Box Cars Stock Cars for Sale Three miles North ot Albert Lea, Minn, on Highway No. 13. These Box Cars and Slock Cars are suitable for Hog Houses, Granaries, Chicken Houses,-Corn Cribs, Etc. FREE DELIVERY TO YOXJK FARM "SALESMAN ON GROUNDS ALL THE TIME L. G. F E R N E A U , Owner farmers should be ness. The safety left in dark- and convenience of lights alone should make us adopt electricity and there is no doubt that we would use it for power also around the house and barn. Tell me about your club (he L. V. G .A. Mrs. Matzen: It is the first and only club that I have joined. It is limited to 20 members and I have belonged 12 years. It is a woman's club and we are never too busy to go. Most ot the women can drive a car so we can go if the men are busy. We pay 50 cents a year as dues. Tell me about your P. T. A. society. We started our P. T. A. this year in our rural school district. We meet in the evening, once a month. The fathers as well as the mothers come. We appoint a program committee and have speakers and the teacher lias the school children put on a small program. We are working on a three act play, "The Man in a Green Shirt." It takes ten persons and we are giving it the latter part of March. We always have a good attendance and a good time. We serve refreshments after the program and the business meeting, talcing, turns with the refreshments. If it were not for the P. T. A. we would seldom or never get to the school. What good do you pel out of Hie woman's . work connected with the Farm Bureau? I like it. Our lessons this year are on food and nutrition We study the different ways of preparing and serving foods and producing more and making better use of home grown products; and also cutting down the cost o£ buying foods. Then I meet many people that I would not meet if it were not for this project. Do you have a source of income especially for household expenses? Eggs and poultry are mostly used for household expenses, but we do not keep a separate account. . Do you like farm life? I do. I enjoy working m the garden and with the poultry and I little chickens and I think It is the best plac-e to rear a *:.*, * * V** A S E N S A T I O N A L SALE OF A F A M O U S P R O D U C T 'of interest to every experienced homemaker. W« rafcft pleasure In anaoune- Ing to our customer! a Special Sale Value of exceptional merit. W« hav« featured MONARCH Ranges as a leading major product In our store for a number of years, and w« know the announcement of a Special MONARCH Sala will b« of Interest to our oustomer*; GALL' AND LEARN THE MEANING OF THE "13 STARS" Sea the attractive gift offer thai w« aro featuring For A Limited! Tirna Only, LA This beautiful Neseo Tripled Coat, Stalnles* Enamel Sat will b« presented to every MONi ARCH purchaser who take* advantage of our MONARCH "13 Star" Sale offer. Call and lot u« explain how you can banafit by aating iiumduitelv. MASON CITY HARDWARE Don McPeak, Prop. THE STORE SEARS MOVED NEXT TO

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