The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 15, 1939 · Page 1
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March 15, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, March 15, 1939
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H i s r w e u « AS T D ' p r or J O W A C O M P Ci S H :;, I N £ 3 u NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "TH£ NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS f FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, INARCH 15,1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION OKE NO. 134 NAZIS GET BOHEMIA, MORAVIA * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * X · X X JC K X U u It ' It ~ » _ f * * * * * * * _ ByPkULMALLQK Slicing Up of Czech Land Completed //fr/er Joins ffnfry March--Czech Patriots Boo, Cry "Pfui" Swastika Flies Over What Was Once'Free' Land NEWS BEHIN FTC Warning Turns Out to Be "Ickesism" WASHINGTON-- S a v i n g the world Is becoming such a complicated business the anti-monopoly committee has just about decided to let it go until next year. For one minor point the federal trade commission warning that . the steel price basing system i s imperiling capitalism is to unheeded. turned out i n go It to k n o w n Washington as an "Ickesism,'' meaning loud and alarming. but not necessarily serious. Paul Ballon- and time finding out it is not cricket for steel companies to charge freight rates that are not actually incurred. There is no question about it for the reason that the big steel companies with many .i branches would murder theiujsmall independent competi- 1ors,OD^a B .slraight F O''B_basis Instead of brealong ujTtlie trust the reform woulcf''aboHsh the independents arid throw their em ployes out of work. Instead o£ decentralizing the industry, it would probably _ result in concentration ot manufacturing on the Atlantic seaboard,- nearest the 'largest steel markets, -raising havoc with plants as near as Pittsburgh which could not meet the freight rate differential. Fact is most other new deal departments were "disgusted'' (their word) with *e.$"TC handling of the steel'price case. They can do nothing about it. Steel is the FTC end of the show. But they can do' their nothing in an affirmative and vigorous way, which is what they are -doing. f * * Taylor Talks to F. R. In that recent economy conference at the white h'ouse, 81 year old Chairman Edward Taylor of the house appropriations committee talked to President Hoosevelt as a president has' seldom- been talked to. It was a short spontaneous lecture on -the ethics, of recent white house relations with congress. , , What burned Mr. Taylor most was FDR's step in .slapjing back a demand for 5150.000,000' more PUBLIC SAFETY BILL PASSED BY HOUSE 97 TO 9 Measure Now Goes to Iowa Senate for Action on Amendments DBS MOTOES, (IP)--By a one- sided vote the Iowa house Wednesday passed .the public safety bill, pivotal state government consolidation measure. The vote was 97 lo 9. The bill how goes back to the senate, which passed it originally, for concurrence in amendments. In the closing arguments. Rep^ u i _ . resentative Qustave Alesch (D), be"what"1s Marcus assailed the consolidation measure as a '"dictatorship" effort and said Hitler and Mussolini followed the same tactics. Felsen Asks Passage Asking passage of the measure. Representative Dean W. Peisen (R), Eldora, called it the '-basic bill in this major consolidation program." Six of the dissenters \veve democrats. The Iowa house voted down a HUN6ARY BEGINS OCCUPATION; FIGHTING REPORTED _B3tt E R M A N Y Slicing up of the Czecho-Slovakian republic was completed Wednesday when Germany took over ·i TM mained aftcr Slovakia declared its independence and Hungary continued to advance in Car- patno- Ukraine (Ruthenia). Reiehsfuehrer Hitler became the protector of Bohemia and Moravia. drive to exempt the state highway patrol from strike duty following a bitter debate in which such terms as "liar" and "advocates of disorder" resounded through the chamber Vote on the amendment by "William-Judd (R), Clinton was 45 ayes and 58 noes The Judd proposal sought to change-the .wording of the "industrial disputes" section of the public safety department bill. Johnson Leads Attack Leading the attack on the Judd amendment, Representative Elmer A. Jojinson (R), Cedar Rapids, asserted: 'Vfo man can say that police, no matter what organization ot police it may be, should not be used for the purpose of protecting individuals in their persons and their property. No man can stand here and defend this amendment without saying he is an advocate of disorder in cases of industrial strife." Johnson left his, seat shortly after completing his talk. During his absence, Judd asked permission to question Johnson. The Linn representative was not available. Judd thereupon asserted: "Opposed by Labor" "If Linn county labor has any representative here, it must be ZS-. Gardner (Johnson's colleague). If any bod y says the supporters of Frank Wenig Arrives on Spreading Strike Front Drivers Union Pickets Marshall and Swift Plant Frank -Wenig, Minneapolis, former Iowa labor commissioner and now with the U. S. department of labor conciliation service, arrived on Mason City's spreading strike front Wednesday morning. Although sent here on the specific assignment to seek a settlement of the E. G. Morse strike, Mr. Wenig, a former resident of Spencer and well known among Mason City residents, also conferred with members of the unions involved in the laundry strike. Mr. Wenig conferred first Wednesday morning with representatives of the packing house union, on strike in the E. G. Morse plant and later in the day met with H. J. Bryant, attorney for the Morse establishment. Mr. Morse withdrew all workers in the plant*-- this law lisr." amendment are opposed to and order, he is a d n . Representative Leo Hoegh (R), Chariton, asked Representative CZECH TRADE TREATY RUINED FRANK 1VEMG Tuesday. Plans Meeting That Conciliator Wegman. who has settled strikes on previous occasions, was pouring oil on the troubled waters, was indicated Wednesday afternoon, when W. W. Elliott, business agent of the packing house workers, stated there were prospects that contending parties in the Morse strike would meet either Wednesday evening or Thursday morning. "At a meeting of our local Tuesday night we voted to boycott the Lyons, Ideal American of relief the week after congress i Frank Hallagan, (R). Des Moines, I and and Marshall and Swift laundry had cut his relief appropriation that much. "You oughtn't fo Have" done that," said Mr: Taylor in substance. "Congress passed a law and- it was up to you to administer it. Congress doesn't like tobe treated that way by a democratic president." . . . . Even colleagues of Taylor were surprised by. the vehemence of, his. remarks. Also Resists President Another show of congressional resistance, which did not leak out. was exhibited in the same conference by Representative George Johnson of West Virginia. Aftcr the president's long .recital of WPA needs, Johnson brought up .the question of, WP A political activities. He gave Mr. Hoosevelt an intimate .picture of the situation in West Virginia which was anything but encouraging to democratic political success in 1940. Many a democratic legislator (probably s majority) has come to the opinion that WPA political activities are among the greatest liabilities the administration will carry into the next election. Statement Is Voluntary Nobody asked the federal reserve board abou! prices, prior to its weekend blast against price control plans. The statement was voluntary. Apparently the administration has become skittish about growing sentiment in congress for a farm price guarantee, the Thomas amendment authorizing FSB to stabilize prices etc. Coj;ril'ot, KJnr }-e«lurc. Inc.) judge advocate of the Iowa national guard, if a detachment of patrolmen could have accomplished the "law and order" needs o f - t h e 1938 Newton and Sioux City strikes. "In my opinion, any group now acting as a patrol could not have handled either the Newton or Sioux City situations," Hallagan cleaning establishments said. Burma. Asks Question Representative Henry W. Burma (R), Allison, wanted to know just how union labor stood on the question. He said labor's representatives had issued conflicting statements on the pending chain store tax act. "one witness saying lie favored it and the other saying he opposed it." The house waded through 14 amendments to the safely bill be- and the Schermerhorn and Very i Best dairies as unfair to labor." said Mr. Elliott, who also is president of the unity council of all C. I. O. and A. F. of L. organizations. "In Principle Only" "We are seeking closed shop only in principle," he added. "The statement that this is not a closed shop town, however, isn't entirely in conformity with the facts. There are 30 drivers' closed shop contracts and the Lehigh cement plant is also operated on that basis." Mr. Bryant, attorney for the Morse plant, stated that "we will be glad to meet with them at any time in an effort to settle this matter." i Depends on Unions and still compete with the Marshall and Swift plant. Not Unionized The Marshall and Swift plant is not unionized, so the only way to enforce a strike there was to picket it, the union man explained. Wages in the higher brackets in the Marshall and Swift plant are now below the level called for in the contracts which have been presented to the other two laundries, he asserted.. Arleigh Marshall of Marshall and Swift, when contacted Wednesday said that the plant never had paid below the prevailing scale of wages in Mason City and probably never would in the future and that he was at a loss to understand the reason for the picketing. "We have attempted to stay out of the strike difficulties as much as possible," he asserted. "We began Tuesday morning turning down orders from persons or firms whom we knew to be regular customers of the other two plants. On Percentage Basis · 'Tor the past six years our dry cleaning department has been paic on a percentage basis, which has meant very good earnings for em- ployes and in all probability the earnings in this department under this plan will be as high or lughei than the scales that may be set up in any union contract in any loca plant." C. M. Lyons, president of Lyons i Laundry and Dry Cleaners, Inc., Move by Hitler Is Expected to Stimulate Program of Defense WASHINGTON, (U.PJ --Adol Sitler's assumption oE a protec torate '. over_.C?echo-Slovakia, ap peared ' Wednesday" * to h a v wrecked 'the- United States-Czec! reciprocal trade agreement. That was the only definite re action to the occupation of th' izecho provinces o£ Czecho-Slov akia by German troops. There wa no official comment but it was ex pected that Hitler's move woul stimulate conugressional action on President Roosevelt's continenta defense program. Officials at the Czech ministrj including Minister Vladimir Hur ban, refrained from issuing an statements. Unofficial Czech sources pre dieted that Germany was makin mistake, recalling that th Czechs had fought the Austro Hungarian empire for nearly 20 years. They said Germany creating for itself a problem sim ilar to the Irish problem to Grea Britain--that the Czechs woul not take the German action pas sively. state funds. He referred to the "political power" of any organization with 75,000 members. "They got this money before," he said, "and they might get it from the department again." The house finally changed the section to limit funds for safety education to those specifically earmarked for that purpose and to require all participating organizations to file a report of receipts and expenditures with the state. _____________ 4 fore recessing until the afternoon Whether Mr. Wenig will enter t stated-he conferred with officials Alesch brought the safety council """"""" ! "'" "· '"' : u - ' - ' " - " ' " · ~ question back to the legislative wars' with a vain effort to strike the section which would permit the safety department to co-operate with such organizations as the Iowa State Safety council in education work. Earmark Educational Funds Asserting his friendliness to the council, Alesch nevertheless said the council had illegally benefited by the expenditure of "S25.800 of Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners' "I found that in both the dry Inc., will depend on whether the [cleaning and the laundry depart- the maUcr to t h e m e n t s that pur wage rate was equal to or higher than the one in HENLEIN NAMED BOHEMIAN HEAD Sudetenland Fuehrer Now Administrator of Newest Addition BERLIN, '.(3.P.I--Fuehrer Hitler sent his armies into Czech territory Wednesday to enforce a newly declared protectorate and appointed a military governor and two civil administrators for Bohemia and Moravia. The f o l l o w i n g appointments were announced to seal the fate of Czech territory under German rule: Konrad HenTein, the fuehrer of Sudetenland, as civil administrator of Bohemia, the largest Czech area. Henlein, who has been commissioner of the Sudetenland, was the chief nazi leader in the long campaign leading up to the Munich settlement. Josef Bucrckel, commissioner of Austria, as civil administrator of Moravia. Gen. Von Gablenz as German military governor of Prague. CROWDS HISS IN RAGUE WHILE TROOPS ENTER Some Patriots Sing Czech Anthem; Cheers for Germans Heard SITUATION IN BUIEF By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bochmisch-Leipa, Germany-Adolt Hitler crosses into Bohemia with German armies taking over Czecho-Slovakia: expected to enter Prague Friday. Prague--German general proclaims authority over all Bohemia in Hitler's name as troops occupy capita] without resistance; crowds shout "pfui" at German conquerors. Berlin--Germany brings Bohemia and Moravia under nazi rule after Czech president capitulates to Hitler's demands. London ·-- Chamberlain says he "bitterly" regrets German move; visit of British trade delegates to Germany cancelled. Budapest -- Hungary backs advancing troops with ultimatum to Carpatho-Ukraine demanding complete surrender Wednesday: Hungarians near Polish frontier. Paris -- Germany informs France of absorption of Czech territory with implied warning to keep hands off. · --'_.-. . . London--Britain, 'without opposing Hitler's conquest, makes diplomatic inquiries in Berlin as lo German plans for old Czechoslovakia. Rome--Mussolini meets with cabinet for discussions believed to include newest nazi coup. Warsaw--Poland pleased by prospect of frontier with Hungary but uneasy over increasing German power; formal recognition given new Slovak republic under German control. PRAGUE. f/P)--German troop of occupation were hissed an cheered Wednesday as they move into the once proud capital of Ire Czecho-Slovakia. Cheers of German welcomer were interspersed with the hiss ing of Czech patriots and cries o "Pfui, pfui, go back home!" Som patriots sang the Czech nationa anthem. Two persons were rep or i ed struck by German milita automobiles. There were no ser Sous disorders, however. Ends Czech Sovereignty The entry of Adolf Hitler's bat talions marked the end of Czec sovereignty in the shattered re public which dissolved Tuesda after the Hitler-inspired secessio o£ Slovakia which followed in th wake of the Munich dismember ment. The eastern division of Czecho Slovakia--Carpalho-Ukraine--wa Adolf be '"g occupied by Hungaria department. A general tieup of laundry plant operations in Mason City was threatened Wednesday with the decision of the general drivers union to picket the Marshall and Swift plant in order to assist members of the Launderers. Cleaners, Dyers and Pressers local union who are on strike at the Ideal American laundry and the Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners, Inc. The attempt to prevent the Marshall and Swift plant from accepting further orders for the duration of the strike, resulted, according to Joe Pease, business agent of the union, from assertions by the managers of the two strikebound plants that they could not I b e expected to pay higher wages effect at the Marshall plant," he said. "I sought this information in order to be able to talk intelligently with the union representatives." 2 Melrose Business Buildings Destroyed CENTERVILLE, de- , stroyed two business buildings in Melrose T u e s d a y night. One building, a garage, contained five cars that could not be removed. Chariton and Albia fire departments, called to help, checked the flames before they could do much damage to a hotel, drug store and nearby residence, Der Fuehrer Steps on Bohemian Soil as Conqueror BULLETIN'S BERLIN', UP i--DNB, (he official German news agency, announced Wednesday night that Chancellor Hitter entered Fragile, capital of shattered Czecho-Slovakia, at 7:15 p. in., (12:15 p m C. S. T.) BULLETIN BOEHSHSCH-LEIPA, Germany, (/P)--Adolf Hitler 'entered Bohemia on his way to Prague at 4:45 p. m. Wednesday. He arrived at this Sudeten border town on the Bohemian frontier at 3 p. m. The streets were lined by rows of spectators many files deep who had naited for hours for the fuehrer to arrive despite a heavy snow storm. After a short halt Hitler left the town and at 5:45 set foot for the first time upon the soil of his latest acquisition. BERLIN, (AP)--Adolf Hitler, protector of Bohemia and Moravia, sponsor and guarantor of Slovakia, joined his vast cavalcade o'f soldiers pouring into Chattered Czecho-Slovakia Wednesday while Czechs cried hitter "pfuis" at his tanks rumbling through the streets o£ Prague. The swastika flies over Bohemia and Moravia, which have become in effect merely parts of the greater German reich and probably will be less independent than most protectorates. Lack Common Name --...They.-were shorn..of armies and_power_,over.their foreign, affairs and lacked even a common name. " .,,..".' * Informed persons said that Chancellor Hitler would reach Prague on Friday and that the interval would be used by black-uniformed SS guards-the security service--to make sure that no untoward incident would attend the fueh- troops. German occupation ot th Czech western part, Bohemia and Moravia, was agreed upon in Berlin Tuesday night when Emil Hacha, former Czech president, placed the area under Hitler's protection. Crowds Demonstrative Hitler was on his way to join his marching legions. Huge crowds were massed along Prague streets as the troops moved in. At times the "pfui's"--continen- tal version ot the Bronx cheer-were so loud that they could be heard blocks away. The crowds Halifax Says Shock Given to Confidence LONDON, (.fj -- Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax declared Wednesday that Germany's march into Bohemia and Moravia was "bound to administer a shock to confidence all the more regrettable since confidence was beginning to revive." The foreign secretary in solemn tones told the House of Lords that: "The German government has now without -- so far as 1 know -any communication with the other three signatories of the Munich agreement, sent their troops beyond the frontier which was there laid down." Britain, France and Italy were the other signers of the Munich accord. A few minutes before he made his declaration, Halifax announced that a proposed visit of Overseas Trade Secretary R. S. Hudson to Berlin had been postponed as a result of the German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia. Was Not Contemplated "1 do not want to make any specific charges as to breach of faith," Halifax said, "but I cannot admit that anything of the kind that has now taken place was iri the minds of his majesty's government at the time of Munich or was in any way contemplated." As he spoke, Prime Minister Chamberlain began to address the house of commons. Taunted by Laboritcs When Chamberlain rose t o s p e a k government supporters cheered taunts. and laborites Conservatives shouted angrily uediu OIUCKS away, -ine crowuSfr ,, grew more demonstrative as the! t u TM u l t - shouted "shut up!" to quell the The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Fair Wednesday night and Thursday; not so cold in extreme west Wednesday night; Tvarmer Thursday. MINNESOTA: Fair Wednesday night and Thursday, except unsettled in northeast Wednesday night; colder northeast Wcdnesflay night; rising temperature Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Tuesday 48 Minimum Tuesday night S At 8 a. m. Wednesday a Preclp. .03 ( nc h Snow .30 inch troops increased in number. Here and there the troops were encouraged by cries from German groups wearing, swastika armbands. It was the most lifeless and colorless reception that Ucichs- Fuehrcr Hitler's troops had received since the fuehrer started his expansion program. The contrast between Wednesday's reception and the flowers and kisses with which nazi troops were welcomed when they occupied Sudetenland last October was striking. The crowds were moody. When open disapproval or approval--as in the case of the Germans--was not being freely displayed people were grimly silent. the SECONTD TWIN BORN JASPER, Ind., f/P)--Four weeks to the day after the birth of Wit- Ham Joseph Scherle a twin brother was bom Wednesday to Mrs. Robert Scherle at her home here. The prime minister repeated Halifax's statement that Germany's action could not be regarded as "having been brought about in accord with the spirit of the Munich agreement." At the same time he reiterated amid cheers from government benches his defense of the Munich agreement, saying "I have no doubt that the course we took was right." rer's triumphant entry into the ancient capital of old Czecho-slovakia. This is in keeping with a practice observed during two previous entries into capitals of annexed territory. Soldiers Arrive Early His soldiers were in Prague in the snowy morning. They had occupied the castle. Their war machines on wheels pushed through streets packed with hostile men and women who jeered or were grimly silent--and some who cheered. Just east of newly "protected" Bohemia and Moravia stood Slovakia, Europe's newest state--one day old and squarely under the reich's guarantee. Any German who" wants to fly the swastika in Slovakia may do so. N'cw Ultimatum Given Further on in the path of Hitler's drive to the easl, Carpatho- Ukraine was being occupied by Hungary's army, obviously fay arrangement with Germany, The local government there got a new ultimatum from Hungary to hand over all actual powers In the Hungarian general staff by 3 p. m. Wednesday night (1 p. m., C. S. T.) Czech troops were on their way out in capitulation to an earlier ultimatum from Budapest. In snow, sleet and slush Germany's armed fortes--alrcad3" hardened by warless conquests-poured over the Bohemian-Moravian borders. The zero hour for capitulation wus 6 o'clock Wednesday morning. Soon Pilsen's beer and bullets were in the German army's hands and troops moved on to Prague. Czccho-SIovaliia Dead The tri-colorcd flag of the state that was had been hauled down, from Hradccny castle as early as 9 a. m. (2 a. m., C. S. T.), soon after that. Hitler joined his troops at an undisclosed place on the way in. Several hours later another group of statesmen started by special train from Berlin for Prague. They included President Hacha--. who now signs state papers as "representative of Bohemia and Moravia"--and former C?. e e l s . Foreign Minister Frantisek Chv;il- kovsky, now a diplomat without a job. Seizure of Prague demonstrated to the world that Czecho-Skivakia as a state is dead. $300 in Jewelry at Waterloo Is Stolen WATERLOO, ( / P ) -- W a t c h e s , rings and lockets valued by the shop's proprietor at S300 were stolen Tuesday night after a burglar smashed a heavy plate glass show window at the Charles Tenenbaum jewelry store here in the heart of the East business district and. reached for his loot. Police i ""Tne'"p7ccisc"form the ,,checked also Wednesday a b u r - ( s h i p of Bohemia-Moravia to ihn glary of East junior high school but Principal Hart Taylor said nothing had been taken. remainder of the German would take was something vvlm-h 1 Hitler was pondering spc-

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