The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 3, 1945 · Page 1
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January 3, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 3, 1945
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME '"*-. COUP ^DEMJITMCMT OF S T O R Y AND A R C H I V E D Associated Press and United Press Full Leased PUSH BACK YANKS ON SOUTH FRONT Nagoya, Osaka and Hamamatsu Are Lashed by American Armada · Washington, OI.R) -- B-29 Super- fortresses crashed hundreds of tons of bombs on the Japanese .War production centers of Nagoya, Osaka and Hamamatsu Wednesday, in the .opening blow of the the 1945 air offensive against enemy homeland. . A -Japanese communique indirectly admitted some fire damage to "vital facilities and factories" in the Nagoya and Uamamatsu areas. A brief U.. S. war department announcement said only that Sai- pan-based Br29's had attacked industrial targets on the capital island of Honshu, but the enemy communique identified the 3 war centers as the targets of "about 90" Superfortresses. The main force concentrated on the big aircraft center of Nagoya, the Japanese communique said, while other units raided the Osaka area, 85 miles to the -southwest, and the Hamamatsu area, 50 miles to the southeast. The planes struck about 2 'p. m. (Tokyo time). : "Although there was some damage inflicted in the Nagoya and Hamamatsu areas by the enemy incendiary bombs," the commu- nique said, "there was almost no damage inflicted upon vital facilities and f actones ' The i communique claimed that - 47 B-28,'s had Jxsen. shot down and 25 . . Two Japanese--plane3.t!'have not yet reported back," it added. An earlier Tokyo transmission heard by the United Press in London had' said Osaka, Japan's 2nd largest \city 250 miles southwest of Tokjjo, was the main target. A "small number" of fire bombs ·were dropped on the Osaka area during an hour and a half raid starting^ at 2 p. m. (Tokyo time), but ground installations were not damaged seriously, London quoted Tokyo as saying. The broadcast claimed "several" Superfortresses were shot down -or damaged, Osaka, Japan's biggest industrial center, produces tanks, planes, guns, explosives and ships for the Japanese war effort and had a 1940 population of 3,252,340. It lies 250 miles southwest of Tokyo. FOG Monitors said Tokyo reported that "several formations of B-29's' hit Nagoya, . Japan's main aircraft production center, 165 iniles west of Tokyo. Though Osaka has not been raided before, Nagoya's Mitsubishi aircraft plants were bombed 3 times by B-29's in December, the last time on Dec. 22. The raid was the first in strength this year by the Saipan- based 21st bomber command under Brig. Gen. Haywood S. Hansel!, Jr. However, a single B-29 on a "weather strike" bombed Tokyo early on New Year's day morning. Meantime, a Pearl Harbor com- munique disclosed that B-24 Liberators of the Pacific strategic air force bombed Iwo, Japanese air base half way between Saipan and Tokyo, Monday (Tokyo lime) for the 25th consecutive day against only moderate /anti-aircraft fire. The daily assaults were designed lo neutralize bases from which the Japanese have been taking "off to raid Saipan and to intercept Japan-bound B-29's. A lone Japanese plane struck back at Saipan Tuesday, but failed to cause damage. It was the 8th raid on Saipan since the Super- fortresses began operations from the Marianas island, Report Hitler Refused Vienna Appeal to Declare City Open London. (#)--The Paris radio said Wednesday that Adolf Hitler has refused an appeal by Vienna officials to declare Vienna an open city to spare it the fate of Budapest and has ordered the evacuation of the civilian population. The broadcast also said the provisional Hungarian government in Russian-occupied Debrecen has appealed to military and civilian authorities in Budapest to cease fighting to preserve what is left of the ancient Hungarian capital. Bay j-oar War B o n d s and Stamps from yonr Globe-Gazette carrier boy. - . B-29's Blast Plants in 3 Jap Cities JAPS DECLARE RAIDS MADE BY 90 SUPERFORTS Minimum of 2 Below Is Listed Here Des Moines, «f) -- Near zero w e a t h e r continued throughout Iowa Wednesday and the weather bureau forecast lower temperatures, with light snow, in some sections Wednesday night and early Thursday. The- lowest temperature reported to the weather . bureau early Wednesday was 2 degrees below zero at Mason City. The maximum temperature in the state' Tuesday was 28 at Council BluffsrUght precipitation was reported in all sections. . New Cold Wave Moving South By UNITED) PRESS A new cold wave moved from Canada toward the. northern and midwestern states Wednesday, but was not expected to be as severe as_ .the sub-zero spell which gripped the central states Tuesday and then swept eastward. The Chicago weather bureau forecast temperatures of IS to 20 degrees below zero in northern Minnesota Wednesday night, 10 to 15 below in northern Wisconsin and upper Michigan, and possibly 5 below in northern Iowa. Elsewhere, he said, the mercury will stay slightly above the zero mark. Atlantic seaboard states, however, were promised a 36 hour respite from Tuesday night's near- zero temperatures before feeling the effects of the new cold wave. Temperatures probably will rise to the low 30's before falling again Thursday night. Iowa Flyer Tells of Smacking Nazi-Panzer^ London, (IP) -- Sgt Robert Cory of Farrar, Io\\a, was among U S 8th air force members who participated, in. a strafing. attack on German equipment in the Coblenz and Frankfurt areas Tuesday. Reporting after the attack, Sgt. Cory said the panzers were "sitting out there -just waiting to be hit and we smacked them with direct hits." 1 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Mostly cloudy Wednesday-night and Thursday with occasional light snow. Colder Wednesday night with lowest temperature at Mason City 10 below. Moderating temperature late Thursday. Iowa: Partly cloudy and cold Wednesday night and Thursday. Occasional light snow in the southwest portion. Minnesota: Fair Wednesday night and cold Thursday; Lowest temperatures Wednesday n i g h t ranging from 15 below north to 8 below extreme south. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics' Maximum Tuesday 16 above Minimum Tuesday night ' . i below At 8 a. m. Wednesday 1 below At 9 a. m. Wednesday 2 below At 1:30 p. m. Wednesday 9 above At 2:30 p. m. Wednesday 8 above Snow Trace YEAR AGO: Maximum 33 Minimum 17 ·^··i ' - F.R. Directs D Deferred Farir 18 Through 25 deferred farm workers in the IB- through 25 age class; Acting with President Roosevelt's authorization, War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes called on Selective Service Direct tor. Lewis B. Hershey to draw as much as possible on this largest remaining reservoir of potential fighting men. ' Byrnes said there are 364,000 men in. this age range now holding agricultural deferments. "The army and navy believe it essential, to the effective prosecution of the war," Byrnes said, "to induct more men in this age group." · "The president feels in view of existing conditions," Byrnes told Hershey, "agriculture like our other war industries can, with few exceptions, he carried on by those in the older age groups." Byrnes noted that Hershey had told him that if men were not available from the farms he would have to call up deferred men in the next higher age group, most of whom are fathers. Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said the war mobilization director had made the request to Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey iibe- cause of representations made to him by the army and navy that they must have men,"So, Byrnes proposed to tap this new source of manpower lor the armed services. It represents the largest remaining source of young men. Byrnes acted in the wake of reports that War Food Administrator Marvw Jones was r opposed to flOf move-to draftlferW workers He madelus reque*fctw«Hershey, the selective service director, in a letter proposing that he go as fai as possible to draft the young men, in the light of the Tydings amendment aimed at exempting bona fida farm workers from military service. The Tydings amendment directed draft boards to exempt essential agricultural workers, bat left to locar boards the determination of standards for deferment However, in the past, selective service has made advisory standards for deferments. Local boards were free, however, to act upon their own judgment. Under the selective service system's advisory p ] a n, a farm work unit. standard was set up. A unit designated a specific quantity of farm work. Originally, the system recommended that all farm workers doing 16 units of work per year be .deferred. Later, selective service, recommended that more work be required. This recommendation, however, brought sharp protest from farm orgemiza- tions and farm state congressmen, and consequently was dropped. Deferments in · · . Iowa Reviewed DCS Moines, (#) -- Brig. Gen. Charles H. Grahl, Iowa selective service director, said. Wednesday local boards in this state "have been continually reviewing agricultural deferments" and have been inducting some o£ such registrants as they become available. He had just been informed that James F. Byrnes, war mobilization director, had called upon selective service to take steps for the. immediate induction into the armed services of men 18 through rafting of i Workers in Age Class use Wednesday directed selective permitted by law" the drafting of 25 who now have agricultural deferments. ' "We have been inducting some of those men of the 18 through 25 age group who hold agricultural deferments, where we feel that by taking them it will not disrupt agricultural activities," the general said. ' ' . General Grahl said he was not at liberty to announce the number or the approximate number of Iowa registrants who hold agricultural deferments. He declined to comment further upon the Byrnes statement until some directive comes to his office from national selective service headquarters. NAZI POSITIONS IN ITALY PROBED 2 Strong Thrusts by- Germans Are Repulsed R o m e , (U.R) -- American raiding parties and patrols probed deeply into enemy positions at various points along the 5th army front while at least 2 strong German thrusts were repulsed, headquarters announced Wednesday. In the central sector below Bologna, 5th army units counter-attacked and recaptured an outpost which a German patrol had overrun north of Uvergnano Monday night A strong enemy patrol, supported by_ nwftaTs.^aud_ s ajcJfllerv I was repulsed near'Monte Cavalloro. Fifth army, troops contacted the enemy at several p o i n t s in a thrust toward Massa in the west coastal sector and encountered a number of booby traps, a commu- nique reported. On the 3th army front, Canadian infantry and armor continued clearing enemy positions between the Lamone river and the Fosso Vechio waterway, east of Alfonsine. Farther south an enemy pocket east of the Senio \vas being cleared slowly. Report Danes Blasted Factory Making Parts for Nazi V-2 Weapon Stockholm, (J) -- Eighty Danish patriots h a v e blown up' a radio manufacturing plant in Copenhagen which makes "magic eyes" and other parts for the German V-2 weapon, the free Danish press service said Wednesday. T h e Danes overpowered 20 factory guards early Tuesday morning, killing 1 of them, the dispatch added. DUCKS MIGRATION Fort niadison, (P)-- Severe cold weajther in southeastern Iowa and the shooting done to protect crops might have caused migration of some of the ducks which had been feeding on bottomland cornfields in the area, state conservation officials said Tuesday. They said remaining ducks were feeding on waste grain in picked cornfields. Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. 79TH CONGRESS MEETS; FACES CRITICAL YEAR Both Chambers. Called to Order at Noon; New .Members Are Inducted Washington, (4)--The 79th con- gressVwas convened with war- born solemnity Wednesday as the nation girded for a critical year, both at home" and abroad. As. if ' stressing the .prime importance of the manpower problem, the white house greeted the assembling lawmakers with an announcement that young farm workers, now deferred, must be drafted "to the -lull extent permitted bj r law." . Both chambers were ga veiled into being promptly at noon. Spectators crowded the galleries to. watch newly elected members formally inducted. A note of political dissension arose in the senate when Democratic Leader Barkley (Ky.) broke into the proceedings to obtain unanimous consent that Senator-' Elect Homer Capchart, Indiana republican, be permitted to lake the. oath without prejudice lo a possible future decision on his seating. The senatorial campaign investigating committee has been inquiring into Capehart's election. While Senator Ball (R.-Minn.), member of a subcommittee which made the inquiry, said nothing was found to warrant further investigation, other members urged the justice department to look into the case Charges were made that many, Indiana^tlzens _were denied the right fo vote ~-v ·"*, With a bust of former Secretary of State Cordell Hull standing on the rostrum, the senate began its ceremonies with the presentation of election credentials for Capehart^ Forrest Donnell, Missouri republican, ivho was not present, and William J. Fulbright. Arkansas democrat. On the house's brief calendar snbw drifts land suburb. --.~ weather, I Cleveland, Ohio, as a cold wave marooned scene c" winds and high for ;pening day was the routine re-election of Sam Hoyburn (D.- Tex.} to his 4th term as speaker. The democrats were ready to speed their organization by choos- ] ing \Vednesday their members of the biggest standing committees-particularly those dealing with the war .and government spending. Most business will be postponed until after President Roosevelt's 4th wartime message on trie state of the union is read to members in a joint session Saturday. But controversy already had begun to develop around an issue as old as the fishtln? itself--proposals for universal service legislation. / The president gave a sort of approval to talk about work-or-tight legislation at Tuesday's white house news conference. When a reporter asked if he was for that kind of a law Mr. Roosevelt said he thought so. He added it was up to congress to write the ticket. The president said he was in substantial accord with the recommendations of War Mobilizer James F. Byrnes'. These included an appeal for broadened government control over men rejected by the army as physically unfit. This found some support in congress, mixed with strong dissent. There also was argument over a Byrnes suggestion that the war labor board be given authority to enforce its orders without resorting to government seizure of plants.- His proposals for enactment of postwar tax changes got a cool reception in some quarters The house military committee will meet Friday to decide ,what to-do about Byrnes' idea thai the 4,000,005 4-F's should be made subject to assignment (o war plant jobs. Members will consider also whether to hold hearings on universal service legislation that would (five the government the right to lell men and women they must take war jobs. On the other side of the capital. Sen. George (D-Ga.) said he saw no necessity for legislation such as Byrnes suggested. The 4-F's could be handled under ex- jstmg law, he contended. Sen. Vandenberg (R-Mich.), chairman of the republican conference, said that if the president asked for work-or-fight legislation he probably would get it. JOINS DOLLIVER STAFF Des Moines, (#·)--Miss Josephine Birdsall, Fort Dodge, securities clerk in the Iowa insurance department the past 5 years, has resigned to join the Washington staff ot Rep. James I. Dolliver Fort Dodge. ' ADVANCE PAST BURNING YANK HALF- (jerman soldiers, wearing heavy winter garb advance past a burning American half-track somewhere on the front m the European theater. This photo is from German film captured by American forces. (Associated Press wirephoto from signal corps, engraving by Kayenay) Robert D. Blue Starts Duty as Acting Governor of Iowa CHAPLIN CASE MMfHORY Detailed Irish actions Are Given by Judge Hollywood. (U.R) -- A jury of 7 women and 5 men Wednesday began deliberating Joan Berry's paternity suit against . Comedian Charlie Chaplin after 35 minutes of detailed instructions from the judge on what they should consider from the 11 days of testimony and argument. The. sole issue, Superior Judge Henry M. Willis told the jurors, is whether Chaplin is the father of Miss Berry's chubby little daughter, now 15 months old. He said the verdict must be: "We the jury find the defendant, Charles Spencer Chaplin, is or is not the father of-- Carol Ann Berry." The judge delivered his final instructions to the jury in a precise manner, in a half-empty courtroom. Chaplin. Miss Berry and Carol Ann were not present. The jurors filed out past the bench and uptsairs to a tiny room where they were locked in for dc- -·*was sworn in as United States senator in Washington. At 10:45 o'clock Secretary of State Wayne M: Hopes receivec a .telegram from Gov. Hicken- T . -· authorizing him. 7 tp __,,.,,_ governor's r e s i g n a t i o n at i: I o'clock, at which hour he Wulj be taking the oath in the senate chamber. Ropes M-ent to (he governor's office, u-here Blue had been in charge since Tuesday, and officially notified him that the resignation was on file. Blue said he would sign all state papers as governor even though he will not take the oath of that office until Jan. 11 He said he had decided against taking the oath now because Attorney General John Ranki'n had informed him that he automatically became .the acting governor upon Hickenlooper's resignation. Rankin said that during the time Blue seri'ed as acting governor he could not act as lieutenant governor. The duties of-lieutenant govarnoi-, including presiding over the senate when it convenes Monday, will go to the president pro-tempore of the senate. At the last session the president pro-tern was Sen. Frank C liberation. Judge ' Willis told them , , p - ,, ------should give blood tests, the BRIDGEHEADS IN GERMANY ON 55 MILE LINE LOST U.S. 7th Army Sucked Out of Footholds to Stem Ardennes Drive BULLETIN Paris, (U.R) -- American forces lave lost all of their bridgeheads in Germany along a 55 mile stretch between the Sarreguc- Mines area and the Rhine in a w i t h d r a w a l - to northeastern France, dictated by developments elsewhere, front dispatches revealed Wednesday night. (The "developments elsewhere" which sucked the American 7th army out of its German footholds appeared to be the Ardennes breakthrough, against which thej American 3rd army swung formidable forces from positions on the left flank of the 7th). Paris, (#")--The American armored onslaught smashed 5^ miles northeast of Bastogne Wednesday up the diagonal railway toward St. Vith, beating into the outskirts of Michamps and into the Maister woods through stubborn German resistance. But the German army was lash, ing out furiously at a dozen places along the undulating 70 mile front from the Saar to the Rhine in diversionary assaults which already have cost the Americans Iheir thin foothold on German soil northeast of Sarreguemines. The attacks may yet prove to be another' burst in Field Marshal von Rundstedt's offensive. So far, the- American line was holding the Germans to limited gains, but the nazis were still striking along their Z mile deep and 5 mile long dent southeast of Bitche. The enemy, moreover had ariveri. a ; badgeheadiacross the Bliss river east of-SirregueTnines" Snow was falling again over the Belgian bulge and there was rain farther south. At least through Wednesday morning, close air support was lacking b e c a u s e pianos were grounded. However, although snow and rain negated close air support, 1,100 American heavy b o m b e r ' s struck for the 12th consecutive day with from 3,000 to 4,000 tons of explosives on a 150-mile belt from Cologne to Karlsruhe. (The German communique said the 3rd army was using 8 divisions, half of them armored, in a supreme effort to encircle nazi positions on 3 sides of Bastogne and ·idmitted minor withdrawals ' Byers (R.. though, the Cedar senate Hapids), al- may elect a new one when it convenes. Hickenloopc "fluctuating mans said in fighting." The Ger- battles in Lorraine and on the Saar were taking a favorable c o u r s e ; that 24,000 Americans had been captured in their offensive and that U.vS. casualties "far exceed 50,000.") Lt. Gen. George S. Fatten, Jr.. was gaining steadily along the whole Belgian-Luxembourg bulge front from the out-skirts of St. Hubert io the northeast and east of Bastogne. His offensive front miles. captured Germans since s t r i k i n g basis of Chaplin's dcrcn-e. Removal of the security blackout on news brought the current said Hickenlooper would receive reports up to Wednesday morning; pay as governor for the from the Saar-Rhine front, said support the baby, he said: " "That is an which court alone will consider and determine in the light of your verdict. You will give no consideration whatever to the matter of support." He emphasized that in case of doubt they must return a verdict for Chaplin. from the "If you should find evidence that at, near, or about the time that plaintiff child, according to the usual laws of nature was begotten, both the defendant and some man or men other than the defendant had relations with her and you are unable' to tell which of them is the father of the child, then your verdict must be in favor of the defendant Chaplin." 8 Say They Heard They Won Popularity Race Salt Lake City, (fp)-- Eight persons, including a 78 year old woman, showed up at a department store, asked for the S50 they had won in a popularity contest. Seems some alleged joker had phoned anonymously, told them to come on down and get their dough. SUSAN PETERS LMPROVES San Diego, Cal., (U.R)-- The condition of -Film Actress Susan Peters was slightly improved Wednesday following an operation t^ remove a rifle bullet lodged m her spine during a New Year's hunting accident. days AMERICANS BATTER GERMAN SALIENT-Arrows 'in' - dicate American attacks on the' German salient in Belgium mifp, ^ em t bh ° Ul K g - 1Thl i V- S - 3rd arm y has advancedTM miles into the bulge between St. Hubert and Bastogne L. b. 1st army patrols have failed to contact the enemy in the vicinity of Rochefort, indicating the Germans' may be withdrawing their forces there. Shaded line is battle front

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