Page 15 article text (OCR)
GLOBE-GAZETTE FARM AND : INDUSTRIAL NEWS NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO. FARMERS MASON CITY, IOWA, MARCH 3, 1937 Study Made of Tenancy by Experts Farm Shortage Reported This Spring as Moving Takes Place. The usual number of Iowa farmers shifted lo new places March 1, while federal agencies and organized rural groups push plans to ease the nation's farm tenure problem. .The amount of moving on the half oC the state's 220,000 farms which are tenant operated is, in general, about the same as last year, officers of. insurance companies, which own about ?',!Â· per cent oC Iowa's farm land, county agents and slate officials said. A study made recently by 28 Iowa county agricultural conservation committees in co-operation with Raincr Schickele, Iowa Slate college agricultural economist, indicated roughly Ifi.TiOO Iowa farms arc operated each year by a different, tenant. Farm leases, in many instances in the sections which suffered the least from the 1936 drought, call for slightly boosted rents, compared with a year ago, county agents and farm real estate men reported. Shortage of Farms. Officials pointed out there appears to be a shortage of Iowa farms this year--some tenants. vacating places they farmed last year, because they have been unable to rent another farm, have been forced to hold farm sales and move lo town. In Cerro Gordo county rentals were about the same as Hist year, with sonie tenants unable to get farms. There was evident an effort on the part of a number of young men lo start up farming. In Floyd county cash rents were up 10 per cent. Many tenants are buying farms and several tenanls were forced to sell out because of farm shortage.' The number moving is about the same as last year. Similar reports came from other counties. A sizable number of farmers from the drought-hit sections of southwest Iowa, Nebraska and the Dakotas attempted to rent farms in the boiler sections of Iowa, as they did following the 1934 drought, representatives of farm departments of insurance companies said. One company official said his north-centra! Iowa fieldman told him there were at least two prospective tenants for every farm he had open'March 1. Rented Feu- Farms. Insurance officials, however, said they rented only a few farms to out-of-slale prospects. They said they maintained a policy of renting farms to good tenants in the vicinity where the farm is located. All authorities agreed that few young farmers arc "slarting out on their own" this year. They said the capital required to purchase equipment, seed and foundation livestock, together with the number of experienced farmers available, limits the opportunity for young men who would like to start up for themselves. Average age of otic insurance County Agent Andrew Olson became acting: county agent of Cerro Gordo county on Ocl. 1, 1!)3(, taking the place of tU;irion Olson, who wcnl lo the University of Chicago for ijrutlu- atc work. Under his direction the many activllics of the local Farm Bureau arc being: carried on. company's ienants is 38 years, an official explained. Homer Hush, assistant Iowa secretary of agriculture, said he had heard of no move lo extend Ihc moving to March 15 as there was a year ago. Issued Proclamation. On behalf of numerous tenants* requests last year, Governor (now U. S. senator) Clyde L. Herring issued a proclamation urging lhal moving day be set back to March 15 because many farmers were snowed in and unable lo move. Almost all Iowa Ienants rent farms either on the "crop share" or "cash rent" basis. County agricultural conservation committees estimaled 70 per ceiil of all the Iowa leases arc crop share, 20 per cent cash rent, and 10 per cent "stock share." Under the crop share type--the one insurance companies use almost solely--the general practice is for the landlord and the tenant to divide the corn crop half and half--and small grain two-fifths lo landlord and three- fifths to tenant, wilh the latter furnishing the seed, paying the threshing bill and hauling the grain to the elevator. Bitter Butter Is Due Bitter Milk Bitlcr butter at this lime of Ihc year may be due to bitter milk or to the salt used, says J. R. Rice, head of the North Dakota Agricultural college dairy department. Milk from cows in poor physical condition, or from cows that have reached an advanced stage in the milking period, may produce bitter butler, butter that has a poor texture, or the crcDin may refuse lo churn out enlirely. If sample lesls of the individual cows fail to indicate the responsibility for the bitter flavor, examine the salt being used. Chemically impure salt, especially salt containing -relatively large amounts of magnesium salts or calcium chloride, or both, may give the butter, a bitter flavor. Baby Beef Operations Show Gains Summary of County Agent Reports Completed at College. With a record enrollment it Iowa 4-H baby beef projects last year, 3,-155 club "members completed 1336 with 5,107 babv beeves, John Quist, stale club agent in the extension service at Iowa Slate college, announces. A summary of county agents* reports just completed by the boys' club department, shows au enrollment of 3,838 club members with 5,931 calves at the beginning of the year. Ninety per cent of the members completed the project Baby beef projects were conducted in co-operation with the Iowa Beef Producers' association of which Carl Oldscn, Ames, is field secretary. Baby beef club members were located in 98 counties, Clay county lopping the list with 1G4 members completing Hie project. Cass county had 88 members completing, Bcnton county 75, Ccrro Gordo 85; Marion 8-1, Jasper 81 and Marshall 73. The average cost of life calves at the beginning of the feeding period was $37.85 per head and (he average cost of gain per head, J38.19. Costs listed do not include equipment, interest or labor charge, transportation of calves to fairs or any costs other than purchase price and feed. The average selling price per head was $92.!)7. In addition to the sale price of the calves, 3,157 club members exhibited at shows and fairs won premiums totaling $29,368. Purchase and feed cosls during the ye;ir represented a tolal in- veslment of $388,330. Total selling price was $474,797, or a total gain in value of $8G,4G1, an average of nearly $17 per head. Avoid Improper Soybean Feeding Soybeans have became an important crop on many farms and they are being used to provide protein in the ration of not only dairy cows but all oilier farm animals, especially hogs. Feeding loo much soybean meal or soybean oil materially affects the quality of pork. In a recent item the Indiana Agricultural experiment station makes the following recommendations for feeding soybeans: "1. If the pigs arc to be fed on pasture, they should not receive soybeans until they weigh 75 pounds. "2. If the pigs are to be fed in dry lot, they should not receive soybeans until they reach a weight of 125 pounds. "3. Soybeans should not be fed as a substitute for corn. Rather they should be used as a supplement lo corn. From the standpoint of practical application of this principle, 14 per cent is considered the maximum quantity of soybeans to be used in the ration."