The Evening Post from New York, New York on April 18, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Saturday, April 18, 1818
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fiUV - X'jiUC F.t'LXltiq PoST. 8ATURDAT, Af Ml 18. la the artic - . from th Montreal Herald, r pvblisbwf thii awning, w cannot avoid seeing that our frocdiagi with regard to Spain ar Viewed by some of th tabjactf of Great - Britain with aa tr asly jealous y. W trust, how ever, that that remark ought U extend a fur ther than to th autjecta, and tbat tba govern cat of that country will taka do part la any juat quarrel wo Bay bar with Spain. The laa - guag of Um artid ahoy alluded to, wo cannot bat observe, woulJ lot o notbirt of its force, bad U beea tnore tampered by decorus. ' nagerman, yesterday, pot off hi trial to tba est term, epao aa affidavit that oca Margaret Gamboogh wu a aaaterial witner, and waa ab - eeot ia tba coantry. He aai bailed, himself io a re&gninace of $4000, and two i are tie of f?000 each, to appear at the next court of general stiont of the peace, and abide the order of the court. Ctmel tenliment. Mr. Ward, editor of th Newark Messenger, after firing the particular! of tba late oatrag upon Mr. Coleman, tub - join tba following judicious remark. Whea .tba conductors ot newspapers, no natter to what tart or party they be loo?, while m th honest exerciaa of their duty attached to their public and very responiibl situation, are ingledoat aa victims to "club law" it ap . peara to be a period far the civil authority to intorpoao. and - to abield with tba strong : ana of the law that rreat wearily for liberty . tba freedom of the prow. Wo matter whether U be by pablie or by private oppreaiion, or per - secolioo If tba pre be lotorrupted ia it free course tlie danger aa it regiu - d the rights and liberties of the people ia much the aame. no appretienaion - eaa be entertained but that the law will always proteor the injured in dividual from any calumny of the press. To the sum tribanal both have alike at all timet and on all occasions fit access To th e sam e , protection both are entitled i and to the same law both are amenable Let the press then be free aa air," and when it slanders or In any Other way does injustice to aa individual let its coniluclen be punished by the laws of their country l nave no idea or red' ess by wood and flats," to tons; as we have courts open to near every complaint, and jurors sitting to re am every wrong. Th sn Bowing frotn the Baltimore Telegraph will shew bow the outrage is viewed there. After giving the account as published In this pa - par, th editor resaaxki i 1 Now with regard to this outrage on Mr. Coleman, it appear that the author of the com - avinfatioo had torrendered his nam to the printer that Mr. Colemaa published the fact and Announced that the name of the person who - was his informant, might be obtained whenever demand! that this person bad only to repair ta the otfice of the editor of the Cvemog Tost, to learn who had made the charge : it doe not appear that any such enquiry was made. Now admitting that (acts to be true. . Thus before vening had gathered her congenial shades, be fore the hour tad arrived when assassins walk the street, in the most populous city of the U aited stales an outrage is committed only to be parallelled in th records of savare nation?. We mav talk of our republican uwtituUoo we nay enlarge on the benefits resulting front the administration of law i hut, gracious heaven ! what will be th onaotmoos verdict of the whole civilised woild! Wa scorn to aoticipato what the verdict will be." - 'mrmg - mbefp - Oa Thursday night th building attached to tba City - Uotel P" ed as a lodging - bo use, wu - - r,d through on of the windows by toaa villains, who passed Into oo let than six of tba rooms where there were gentlemen - lodgen In bed, asleep, carefully gathered up ellth waD PPrl they could lay their hst - knd md CoU l'"r retreat hb ji. - - re4 as far as tha plana. Hero they malted, and after rifling the pockets of all their contents, such as pocket - books, geld watches and small change, they took to their heels, leaving the coats and pantaloons behind. 'I ke booty they obtained amounted to betweeu Jiree and four hundred dollars, besides six gold watches. But tbe lots of the mony wu trifling, compared to th awkward sitaatioa In which thay left the owners of the coats and pantaloons. COMMUNICATION. Panorama near th Meat tpltndii cilut m Europt.Vi understand that Mr. Vanderlyn t about to erect a building at tbe corner of Chamber and Croat streets, on the Park square, for the purpose of exhibiting, ia succession, Panorama views of the moat splendid cities of Europe ; aa J, occasionally, other In Uniting scaaes. Tbe approbation which like utahUshmeats have bad, and continue to meet, in London and Paris, not Withstanding the variety of fascinating amuse m tiitt with which those ci'iu abotiud, author Ui to expect, front this coaUmplated establish meat, aa additional ornament and source of ra ' tionv.1 amusement to our city. Of all exbibitioo of iotiugr, panoramu are th most popular; owing loss perlispe to th superior execution, than to the mechanical construction of th build' log, and nvxle of introducing the light, by whit h so much magic effect and deception are produc ad. We may bop to have brought befor our eye the beauties and grandeur of Paris, Borne, Florence, Naples, etc. It is said that Mr. V. b in poseetsioo of drawing aad sketches f the eel ebrated palace and garden of Versailles ; which, with a view to this project, were taken on the spot, and must therefore be, ia every respect, faithful and accurate. W trut that an under taking ot this Wind, whose tendency mutt be to prpuute, so materially, the tule in this couatrr, u well In athitertnre u in paiating, will not bnguiih for the want of public patronage tocar - ry it mto full affect. ItbruBwredthataaimilar establishment is abcot to be erei.J in Charles. ton, and we hope IW wa may not be precede in this instance hy any ef our u - irHbors. Of the tureen of inch a meaum in our city, thouU it w ojtiiu into oprt,P, no reasonable doubt can be entertained, aJ we vtu'ure to ray, from the kuowMg we oui - Hres 'uare of the IMeets' of tl.i Oisanjuuhed artist, ant! froa. his fanis in Europe, that succes will not he uumeriit J. .1 Vilim, ca the frauds prutited upon the govenuntBt, on a lale recasion, it rjuted to can the editor, at bis bouse, No. 30 Hud - on - Te'tiutttrVuJr.r.fftMgPui: FIR A Um Java am I read ia four mtartat - I iog paper, aiggtioa opon th propriety of pe - liOMimrlhe boerri of bade, ta ostabusk a certain ts upon ail prodax; peart hasad m Uut aaarket, but pereelvti.gao farther notice token of that subiart, 1 would tabtBit to th oxportiog aaer - chwtsgeawnlly, the expediency and advantage to them of adopting such a aseaaure j and I think there is no doubt of their, arcomplishmg tin end, provided ton or twelve of our most respectable Bjsrkajrts will take lb matter in band. The losses from th dsdacboo of tares ia England aia obvious to ovary one wbobu made shipments to that country. Tbe srutl rouon at in idear - pool subject to a deduction of about 4 per cent fnr tare, a that a bale of cotton, which Is her to weigh 300 lbs., is told tbr for 288 lbs. When opland cottons were selling in this market at 15 cents per lb. th tar was not so much aa object, bat now we are obliged to pay double that price it becomes a coaaidera'ioa of import. ance. and th sbippiac merchant suffers materi ally from tha exikUnce of this evil. It might b said that kitabLaliior a tar here, would n banc the price of cotton tn pro port to tba a - saouiitof toro allowed this, however, I consider very doubtful, and 1 feel pretty confident t' would not b th cat. There are many minor considerations of advantage to th shipper, one of which is that tbe ourcbater ber would not dis - bun so much. Th man who ships 100 bales of cotton, for instance, at 30 cents per lb., and weighing 300 lbs. each bale, upon tbe present mod would pay for them $9000, but if h had th same tar as allowed in Liverpool, be would pay only $6800 and when a shipment of 500 or 10UQ bale or cotton are made, ttus is a consuiera lion of torn moment. Tour moat obedient servant, A Shipper Pnduct. USURT LAWS - Ho. IV. . We bav confined ourselves, in the former numbers, to th examination of th arguments of Old School, and, as w think, they are fully refuted but. we cannot conclude, without expressing our admiration of tbe ability and talent with which so bad a cause it supported, in or - dinary cases, w should bav simply advanced lb objections against th usury laws ; but Old School hat urged arguments which deserved a serious consideration. After examining those areumruts. we are at liberty to make ourobjec lions to tbe usury laws, without confining our. selves to the course wbicb Uld School nu taken. 1. It would not be criminal to take 7, 8, 10 or It per cent for money when loaned, if there wu no stalut of usury. 1 bit position needs no proof, every pertoa being at liberty to make the greatest profit from his property, whether it consist of money or goods. S. Tbe antiquity of the uiary laws can be no pretext for their continuance, they being the offspring of Ignorance and rel'giout bigotry therefore, it is onlv their actual effect on the community, which should b cooridared in this inquiry. 3. The usury laws, being daily eluded, have no good effect in preventing usurious loons therefor th present usury laws should b abolished. Neither will it benefit the community to mak Daw laws, with heavier penalties, there ling scarcely any mercantile transaction, which cannot be made a cloak for usury. The lender can sell stock to the borrower at 10 per cent a - bove the market price. Will you prohibit tbe ale of stock above par i Goods can be sold at nn exorbitant price, shall the legislature mare all tales of goods above a reasonable rate void f flills of exchange may be given to the lender up on merchants in England, who will not accept them, and SO per cent damage will be given at the rate of interest. Usurious loans may be made in secret personal property placed in the hands of the usurer, and a bill of tale given to him. What redress can the borrower obtain in these caea, if h seeks th protection of the asu rylaw? Th bargain are mad with men who ire devoid of principle there is no evidence oi the transaction, and a bill In equity would be dismissed with coats, for tbe usurer wnui.i not tmsllMii tained laws oi tn land, and that no laws can restrain avaricious, wicked meo. Th usury laws hive this peculiar objecueu, that whit there are none hindered from borrowinar moaey at au oturiout interest by cooscieatioui motive, yet because men are prohibited to take for money loaned, more than 7 per cent ; whea the hazard of lending, together with th us of th principal, it worth 10 percent, th dishonest men who have property ar th only lenders j so that boouty is put in the power of dishonesty, and bu to contend with it, while the laws stand by powerless and useless. To make the laws effectual, it may be proposed to make it criminal to take more than the legal rale of interest, and that the borrower should be a competent witness of the crime But it would be impolitic in the highest degre to pi we thelibertt aud property of indi viduals at I he mercy of any witness, who through malice or hatred would accuse them of a trans action, which, if false, it would be to difficult to di proi e. Rut though tuch a law might be an instrument or revenge, still usurious loon would be made usurers, trusting to tbe faith of their borrowers, would carry on their business with more security, requiring from those who dealt with them an oath of secrecy. Even if the laws operated more extensively, and the borrower was criminated equally with the lender, the evB would not b eradicated. Sometimes, in an hour of distress, the merchant would beteaspted by tbi hope, that ha can Id settle his affairs by aa advantageous loan, and not deterred from giving 1U per cent by any sense ol the moral turpitude oi me act, be might borrow mony at aa aauri oua interest, and if disco re red he would be coo vvrteil, condemned a a criminal, aad ear moat eati'ruristne men woul l b setrt to th state - pri mi, became tho legislator caa regulate their prrvat business better taan tbey can tbrsn serve. Tbes rem arts, tn ear opinion, are taffidrat to pro' th position, that no usury ia wt can be an effectual check to usurious transactions, wulese by rntrodocing evils infinitely greater tnaa exorbitant premiums. 4. Another mischievous effect of the atury laws is, that the snonied men are induced, in consequence of the restricted rat oi interest, to vert their surplus capital in bank stock. They ar not willing to lead their money at 7 per cent, a hen tho dividend of our banks are 8 and 9 per cent i and they ar afraid and unwilling to break tb law. Consequently ail th mooted i - apital of th country it token out of th loan market and employed m baak or in th public kinds. W think it mav safely be asserted, that this it tb true reason why our lerislature is cen tered ereiy session with applications for acts on ancorporalioa. If the usury laws were once a - bolisbed, mcrrhanta would draw their capital out of banks, lend it and tak security them selves, and that ibee mooied corporation, which bav imdonbtedly dout. great Injury to the co'in - try, wo'ild gradually disappear, and the loan ca pital would b proportionably enlarged. 3. I n asm 1 twv locrnaa lb rat oi inter est. Tbi incre is the necessary effect of the diminution of the lo - in camlal. We are perfect 'y ws that the ""ate of interest does not depend area the luoun of money in the country, but cerUinly i. dor varv in proportion to the in - crease of the loan capital. 1 he repeel of the usury law will certainly briug a great quantity uf money now vetted iu rank or insurance stock into the loan m.rlet, conspq - .Kully the rate of ip,i Win c uanmulira .'Tie bank indeed bin nv - ai aincnt( at 6 pe1" cent, but they alo H. - i - ni - uic ire oi money ty the immense quantity of piper wh eh ihev'fjrce into mark - t by tiicte loans. Comount 1 j - , ulo tbe banks oiuiioally 6 percent, jet in fact, asap - j - .s by the dividcuds, they receive 8, 9, and a.t aJ caa toaa theireurplut capiUl to greater advan tage thaa other people can, coateqaeoiir wold beca their wu broken But if loans coold be cuined ef their trieads, mercnanu wtwld net apply te the banks. K. AneUiar oMectsuatOIMBtUiyiawaas. w aT men ar placed upon th tarn looting i in man. who is an honest substantial trader, paying so far as tb laws operate, tb sama preaninm with tbe dianonest, gambling speculator, now it Is a plain, simple maxim of justice, that all ex traordinary trouble or Basara taooia oe pro pur tumablv comDentated. 1 b Btan who is per fectly saf abouid pay cry lur ins us as m nooey, say 5 per cent. When there is J chance that th merchant will fail, 7 per cent should be th premium. When ther is an ven chance, then the risk is worth 65 per cant. It would be rs wis for th legislator to coinpsl a merchant to give the same credit to all his customers, at to make him accent the sam premium for all knt. But young traders ar benefited by the rat of - . . m a - i . .i - interest bainr nxaa. we uo mn nuns uu ui lawa favor berinners in trade. Even if lby did, it can be no reasoo why widows, minors, and aged people, who ought to be protected at least w much u young marcnants, tnouiu oe prontoii - d to lend their property at th bigbest premium they caa obtain, conassieni wiui goou secuniy. 7. Many persons ar deprived of th loans, which thev aland in need of. A man may bae aecurit v euoutrh to indue a lender to accommo date him for 9 per cent, aad be may be able to pay that premium. No one will lend him at 7. Therefore, unless tb law be broken, be cannot borrow at all. Now the louder will not land at 9 per cent, because of the additional risks of ths law. Out the borrower cannot pay more than 9 per cent : consequently a man who is willing and able to pay tbe 9 per cent, cannot ooiaia uie money he needs, because of these laws. 8. Those who are able to give the additional premium necessary to compensate the lender for the risks imposed by the law, have the terms of the bargain raited to them in two ways. lit. Or beior oblired to pay for the riik which the laws impose. Zd. Because the illegality of the trade keeps many capitalists out of it, and by narrowing the competition, raises the rat ol in torest. Lutly, we object to the usury lawt, became tbey corrupt the public morale. Tbey cannot be enforced without continual law suits, and they will be tur sources of litigation and perjury, while men ar governed by interest, and tempt ations to these crime ar held out by law. When motives are presented by th legisla ture to indue man to break their promises, the transactions to be prevented by this breach ef faith should be contrary to the taw of Uod on offences against public morals. Now usury it not an offence either against tha divine or moral law consequently, to support ths dishonest in breach of their contracts ; to lure the weak from th path of virtu by th bop of gain ; to re ward tbe treachery of the borrower with spoilt torn, by the arm of tb law, from th confiding lender, mutt not only be impolitic, but in n le gislature, appointed to guard the morals of the people, wicked and detestable. MfcllUATUH. Vide No. 54 Edinburgh Review, P. 3 JO. from th Montreal Herald of April 4. 77U United Stattt and Spain. n our pre ceding columns, w have inserted au important letter from the American secretary of state, to the Spanish minister at Washington, on the de ferences pending between the two countries. I be chevalier thus, bad addressed a number of letters to Mr. Adams; but the haughty renubh can did not enndesceod to answer them regular ly as became the minister of a nation, pretend ing a desire to settle amicably every existiug du put or claim which had given occasiou to the commuuicatioos of Spain through ber minister Tho reason for this neglect is delivered in a very supercilious tone, which completely bvlrayt the views of the United Slates on the Floridu io particular, and th Spanish colooiet in general t and we venture to predict, lluu wtieo the troous jj ;, - l ii i r1" M to tho war ians, they will formally Floridu bv force, if resist - ance be offered. If Spain resent this intuit then ther will be a tansuinarr war, but the result cannot h doubtful, owing to th present debility of that once fumed nation. Spain bad submit ted the dispute to the mediation of Great Britain or any other European nation ; but th United states hare rejected the overture; alleging that the heads of tbe federative lytem of Europe have nothing to do with the federative system a - depted by the North American republic. How such language will he received in Europe we know not : but there must be secret or avowed indignation somewhere ; (or certainly tha Americans bav no rigid to rob Spain of two oxteu - siv proviuce, especially when the robbery will materially effect the possesions of other European nations in the vicinity. They have no mor right to take the Floridu from Spain than they have tn wrest Sicily from Naplee. Although the chief pretext for seising th Floridu, will be th non - pay. ment by Spain, for spoliations on tbe commerce of the United States, yet whoever hu paid attention to the intrigues of the American government iuc 1803, may have discovered that the provinces have been looked at with a rovetna eye, and that a proper opportunity hu only been wanting to unite I hem to the federative ay tern, without regard to any other consideration. Spain is now in a most deplorable state of debility, and it it perfectly iu the spirit of American policy, to tak advantage, how rer degrading in a moral point of View, provided it be profitable, and land to consolidate their political system. From the AaJionaf Intelligencer, April 19. Th decision which yesterdsy took place in the House of Representatives, is of the high oi importance to the manufacturers of the country A bill has been ordered to a third re:iding in that body, and will probably pus on it third reading, to continue, for seven year after the ouui June, li iy, the existing duties on imported cottons and woollens i so that the Dreamt duty U established for eight years to come a e msy almost iy pennant .tly. The fate oft the bill in the Senate, of course, is uncertain ; but the probability is, lhat it will pass that body also. If, with tbe aid of this stimulus, uic snanu'ac tones cannot oe sustained, thry . i . .... , . ... . must oe aiijuugcu uncongenial to our institutions or to our habits. No higher encouragement can be expected to that brunch of indus try i and it ia with much difficulty that so much hu been coito - ded. Wc hope it is ai raueh at wa necessary to foster tlie cxliting esuwiisiimcnu. ' COXOKESS. SF..NTE April 15. Mr. Goldsboruugh submitted for considera tion the following resolution : Keeolved, l hat the Pi rsident of the United States be requested to direct the prober officer to lay before the Senate, at an early period of tneir next aeaaion, a usi oi uietiaeie officers of the customs, with the name of their offices, salaries, emuiomentt ana puces, where liiHd , - specifying such as may be proper to suppress and discharge, in consequence of their unproductiveness, the inconsiderable aerrices ren dered, or of any other cause , A resolution, submitted yesterday by Mr Horsey, was token up, and agreed to as follows : Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasu ry procure, and tar before the Senate of the United Slate, immediately after ti.e commencement of the next action of Cungreai. t statement abowing what aum waa actually paid by the subscribers, on account of the cap. u - i awca, oi inc nana oi tn united State, at the several time of pavment prescribed by the tn mm rmJ. Kw oaaai wiD alwafl uunei uwj charter, in gold d stiver coin, and . TL Tt..LA .r.k. TTniiet Mates. Al - so, showing the amount of tbe capital stock of th laid bank, as tne same may mc 5 inr what proportion thereof is of gold and .;! coin, and what proportion of the fund - i A.ut aim. ahewm? the amount of the debta due to the said Bank, specifying the - mount due at t - nilaaeipnia, ami wic mw ,i. the offices of discount and deposit, res pectively. Also, showing the amount of the money depositee. tpecujiii;r uie swm nrtrnoited at Philadelphia, and the amount " r - - .. .1 deposited at tne ouices oi oiscoum snu ur - it. retneetivelv. and diccriminating between the amount ot the aeposiie maue oy anuinuu. alx, and th amount made - on account of the nublic. Also, ihewing the notes issued, and r - . - i - u - the notes in circulation, specifying the amount payable at the Bank in Philadelphia, and tne amount payable at the office of discount and deposit, respectively, A communication wu received from the Se eretary of the Treasury, in answer to the reso lution of the Senate, of the 4 U instant, respect ing the amount of funded debt paid into the Bank of the U. States, tic. tic. which wu read and ordered to be printed. The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Wednesday, .tfpril ii. Mr. Lowndes, from the committee of wayt and means, to whom wu referred tb memorial ol Manuel Torres, who offers to tbe United States a financial discovery, which he considers of great value, reported that hit suggestions were, from th resDctabl personal character of th memorialist, entitled to an examination ; but that the remainder of this session, if the whole time of th committee wer devoted to it, wu not sufficient for the dueinvettieation of the sub ject, and therefor recommendine that it b postponed to tba nxt session, loncurrea in. neutrality mil tar. I orsyut, irom mo com mittee et foreign relations, to whom was referred tbe amendments of the senate to the bill in addition to the several acts for enforcing th nautral relations of the United Mates, reported the opinion of tb committee, that th said amendments, one excepted, be concurred in. But, after some conversation, th bill was laid on the table, on the suggestion of Mr. Tucker, lhat tbe amend ments were important ; aud, desiring himself that the bill should past in th snap in which it went from this house, he moved that it lie on tbe table, to give further time for consideration of th amendments. furitirt fiat bill This bill, which lies oo the table, on account of certain amendment made to it in the senate, Mr. Anderson of Ky. called up, in order that th amendments might be a "reed to or rejected, as their fat was not vers material in the view of tho friends of the bill, who nevertheless deemed th passage of th bill, in some shape, important. 1 hit motion was ne gatived 60 to 49, and th bill yet lies oo the table. Bank of the United State Tho bill from the senate to amend tha charter of the Bank of tbe United States, to at to authorise the appointment of a vice - president and deputy cashier, Sic. was read a second time. Oo motion of Mr. Forsyth, th letterof the secretary of the treuury, in la vor of the measure, wu read ; when, oo motion of Mr. little, wbo desired a mor particular consideration of the subject, th bill was referred to tbe committee on the judiciary CI to 55 77ie tlave trade On th earnest request ot Mr. simkms, who considered the bill as highly important, to the southern states particularly ; seconded by Mr. Harrbon, wbo considered it equally important to the ttattt not holding slaves, bordenug on tho slave - holding slate, tbe bouse proceeded to Use consideration of the bill from the seuato, npplementary to the act prohibiting tho importation ol slaves. Mr. Siinkins proposed an amendment to tbe bill, providing for disposing ot slaves seized for being illegally imported, by sale, one half of tbe proceeds to the benefit of the United States, the other to the benefit of the officer makine thi uinw, a. - I bis motion wu repreterted by Mrr - enrnkins and .Afr. Edwards, who seconded the motion, as the only means of executing the laws against the slave - trade, as experience had tony demonstrated, sine In origin of the prohibition. Mr. 11. Nelson protested against the introduction of a provision into our laws, which he declared to b inconsistent with tbe principles ot our government, and calculated to throw a: wide open the door to tho importation of slave, as it was before lSa exiting prohibition. Further debate took place on the amendment, which wu advocated by .Mr. Pindall, on the erouml of the absolute necessity of such a provision to make the laws efficient against the slave - trade, Sic. The amtndment wu finally rejected by a large majority ; and the bill wu ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. The engrossed bills making the port of Bath, in Massachusetts, a port of entry for vessels ar riving from the Cap of Good Hops, and from beyond the tame, and for establishing the collection district of Belfast; supplementary to the act to regulate th collection of the duties on imports and tonnage; to provide for the deposit oi imported wmts or Unfilled spirits iu tho pub lie warehouses ; to increase the compensation of certain deputy post masters; to increase the duties on iron, nails, allum, tic. and to disallow th drawback on gun - powder ; and to iuavasr the duty oo the importation of certain manufactured articles, were severally read a third time, passed, and sent to the scnato for concurrence 1'he question on the hut bill but one, was decided by yeat and nays, 68 to 47. The bill from the tenate to tusprud, for a limited unit, tne sale or forfeiture of ands foi r..!i laimrr io c - mpiio in paymentt tnereon, was read a third time and finally fused. Meeting of Congress. The amendment cf the senate fixing the third instead of the fin - t Monday in November as the day for the next meeting of congress, wu taken up, and, after an inenectuai motion oy sir. Burwtll, to lay the .L . I.t .L '. out on uir muie, uie auien uneni was agreed to. The hill from the senate fixing the compensation of Indian agents and fac tors; for authorising a subscription to the statistical woiks of A. damieybert and Timothy Pitkin; concerning lounaga anu uiscnminaiiiig uutirs in certain cases (of vessels of the etherlaudsj ; were scve rally twice read and referred to various select committees. A message was received from th president to me nouse oi representatives, transmitting, io compliance with the request of the bouse, all the information in possession of the government. concerning the confinement of certain American citm - ni by the viceroy of Mexi o. Duty on imported Cottons and Woollens. The House then resil.ed itself into a committee of the whole, on the bil to continue in force, fu.M and af:er the 30th of June, 1319, until the Unh of June, 1826, the 4th paragraph of the first scctiun of the act - to regulate thi duties on imports and tonnage. The paragraph referred to is that vhich establishes the duty on the importation of fireijrn manufactures, of which the princial nuterul ia wool or cotton, ic. Mr. Edaardi moved, on the ground that Utere wu no necessity for acfi'ie on the subirct at the present time, and, b ing no necessity iur ii, i.icre rcmaireu too ii'tie ume for a proper investigation of the si.hject, that the fi . section of the bill h struck, out. The o nation having been fc.i.ui on striking oU die first wu deckled in the eeti - .ii aves The committee then proceeded fuihr in amending the Sill ( in which Mcrs. Si!sbsc tawndes, a';d 1'iUtin tnk p.wL Mr. iercrrpr:rntdan amendment, the ob ject of w'lic i si, lhat theriii'.yjof 35 per - rut auuuiu oe iui;cseii, nov on a nxed vame of 2V cent per yard, but upon aa actual valuation. a in the cue of other aJraloretn duties. Xe - air. (Joist on maue m bsuuwu w i.tii th nhieri nf which wa. to limit the ex '. r k. ...nt tutia to ta - o vrara. tn . - :. - A k. fl,Kitl . miuI steaa oi tven, u fnjTiuw ; this motion wu aeciaeti oy yc - " - j - follow i , For the motion 8 Against it 108 So the motion was rejected. a. cnith rnr!h f!aralint. moved an mendment to the bill to thi? effect ; that, after the30Ui June next, the duty ot wcenva pei lt imnnrted. should cease, and i duty of 10 cents thereon be substituted in lieu thereof. V. ..irvrvM.t.n rjt fi Mr. S. COn - v" .... . . tented to modifv hi motion, so u to propose 12 - 12 cents instead of 10 cents, a tbe future duty on salt m rvihh ivnpfMi th motion ax some length, and Mr. Lownder opposed it, after wnivii) aai v nvJif'ii by yea and nays, and negatived yeas 53, nays Tti Ktll aru sKn am1mI Sa hf. .n frossp for a third reading, by yea arid nays 106 to o ; ana The House adjourned. PITTSBURG, (Pnn.) April 10. Bank robbery. On th night of the 6tb iust the vault of the Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of PiUsbwrr, wu entered by means of false keys, and a large amount in note and specie taken therefrom, by torn vUlaiu or villains unknown. A train ot extraordinary circumstances Has Deen developed, which ta all probability will lead to th apprehension of tb vulams and tb recove ry of th motier. Th persons sutpectad of ba vrngr com milted tb robbcrr, are two gammers " r . r - a of the name of Pluymart and Emmons. They are both supposed to be Yankee. Pluymart got by th titl of doctor, and is a proteased rambler. Emmons it said to bav kept a store in New. York. They ar both wall dressed and renteel in Uiair appearance, i he doctor it a - bout six feet high, slender made, wor a blue frock coat, and a fashionable hat Among other circumstances which lead to the tusprcum of these mea are the following : They both lett rittt - burg about a week ago, professing to go to Pe tersburg or Richmond, Virginia. They, bower er, only proceeded up tb Monongahela to Eli tabethtown, wher they purchased a skill, in which they procured a falsa bottom to be made 1 hey returned again to ritttburg, on or auout th avauing of th robbery, and one of them was actually seen in town. They bad err ployed an artist in town to mak tbem a small iron plate. with boles drilled through it in different parts, which wu to ingeniously contrived, u to deceive the artist, and particularly to, u tney siaieu it wu intended for tome unknown piece ol machinery, but which it now appear they were enabled with th help of small files and saws, which thry had purchased in town, to convert into two keys, and bS us to effect their nefarious purpos. They are supposed to bar passed down the river in . f.L .1. 1 I ine shiu wun ineir piunuer. We have not beard precisely tba amount of mooey taken ; but understand tbat there it a large amount in notes af tba I armars' and Me chanics Bank of Pittsburg. Among other arti cles stolen, wu a gold medal granted by the coi rrest of the United state to gtn. Morgar commemorative of bit gallant service at the battle of the Cowpeas. Its weight was about equal to xv guinea. Also a number oi nam - burah medals, of uncommonly pure gold, ol dif ferent devices and impressions, and principally on naval subjects. N. U. aunmeoj occasionally goes by ine name ol r oot. HALIFAX, March 50. Trade of Halifax During tb last three or four dnvt, two pel 'lions, one for and tbe other a gainst the extension ol the trade between this province and Uie American states, nave Deep huoVrf about the town for aigntitures, wbicb bav beea signed, of course, at interest or opin ion dictated. VV knew that there are many well informed persons, who think tnat traJe iu general should be laid uoder at few rettruiutt at possible ; and wno wouiu miner sign a nifin'.riu. or petition to gureminent, for granting to Halifax all the advantiges of a free port The flourishing cities of Quebec and Montreal boutf. a - ready, of tbe great advantages of their iiilao' trade with America: and allh uigh tl i provin is not ouite so e.igibly situated in that ruspecl, jet, ii it were once so, that the overplus ol our iliiponauons iromuie vresi - iuuies or kiscmikic, iniirht be shipped to advantage, and form a counterbalance to the heavy dermoid for Hour und o - tl er articles from the American states, we thould sunn (eel the great benefit of tuch a course oi trade. And cveu our farmers and graxiers would sntin prrreive. vatt advantages resulting Irom the lucreasrd population and nlllueLCC of this capital. The c inmercial treaty or couvention he tiveen Great - Britain and America, will expire in little more than a year from this time. Iu the interim, tbe American Rovernruent will endeavor by every meats in their power to lay restrictions on the tiade of those provinces, and those persons who think that any tiling can be done to promote the interest ol the colony, bar no time to lose. , HALIFAX. Aprils. The fitheriet. On tbe 27th tilt, the hen. the presidrnt ol' Lit majesty's council presented to his excellency the governor, the following address : THE ADDRESS Of his mnjetty's council and h"use of assembly. Juay u puaie your txcttlency, Tbat his maipatv's siibirts. ihi npi.nlp of litis province, anxiouily I o;v that his mjety'tso - vernnierit will take eflV. - ttiul steps to pivvent foreign fhhint; frwn res' - rfing. under or.y pretence, to the harb - in, iivei, rntk and biy on the sea coalo' Nova Sc'jtin, and such purls of the shores of the Bay of r t'ob. as ire within hit majtsly'i don ini nt, and ( the tiu!f f St. uawrence, 1 rir. e toward hland, Cape Hr.ion mid 'he Ma'il ilu It.anis, the l.abrruor shore, and the St.iils of t'cl'.eiile; und also, t" prohibit tbem taking Gsh of i ny bird witidn the tuid hfrhors. Iihs, rivers and rreiks or upou the anKs ana mores, contiguous (Leretn. Whatever right fireis'tfrt mav have to take fish, in the open waiert of the Gulf of t. L v reoce, Uie pt - or lc or this province conceive ' mnut liaTe a rurht to enter the s.iid Gun', thi the narrow strait or patige which separates No - j va Scotia from Cane Breton, it heins un - - 1 tlorably a partof the territory of the cruivo, into which fnre'eners can have n - i right to enter, as it rt a.iarttiof fhe sea, extending ip length bete ret bol'.i shores abnut 21 mi!es, and ip width not more tli - in one mile in tin. widest part, and ..ix.ui half a mile in th - narrowest part ; and foreign ers, if excluded from ( - hit inlet, can hav norigh to crm( lain, at tVy have free access i. to th' taid Gulf throfghths open wa, that lie t - fween Cnjie Bret and Newfoundland ; ard tl - e i .ople vl this province coutidcr tbe Strait of Be Jusle n uae manuer th exclusive pioperty oi the cro'.sn. That Hi Majesty' subjects, the people of this province, 'e uf opinion that fortigrtei!. have no more rich t to pits int the fiult'cf St Laarence or into the IiV.y of Fu - i'y, for the puqiosc of Fishing therein, or within ti e line which the te'ritory of His I. - jest v. iu the last mentioned Bay. f' - om tne tcrritxi - y of the United - States, than His Majesty's subject have to pas into the Ray of Chesapeake or the Bay of Delaware fur the p - urpMe oi taking fiah. ttritish fishermen arc in a jfreat mest - uie excluded from the mot valuable fisheries on the Labrador alicre, under pitteiic.e of exclusive privileges uhica the North Wes'. t'm - pan), od other companies nd individual sl - o claim, under CirtaT. p,eetl. - 1 leases, made by Hia Majesty's given.mut in tiwer Cana - uu. where they moT'.poliie the exclusive right of htmtiiig and fishing on a vast extent - f Use Labrador shore; u - uler the culor ofl these unjust roonopolie, foreigners obtain the Lbertjr oT hunting and fishing on those ifare. to tha excluiion of UU Majesty subjectsT.' th same evil arise from the improvident janUwhieli Lave been made of Uie Magdalen That since tb last peace with the United State of America, foreign fishing vessels re - sort, a they did before the war. to the ltf hours, river, and creeks, on the L.ibrajJ shore, ta number, so far exceeding the British fishing vessels, that Brit ish subjects can imU fish there at the will and pleuure offerc!? ers, they being unable to resist their superi. or force and number. Tbat foreign veuels, alo, resort to all the other harbour, river and creek., on the coatt of British North America, the same a they did previous to the lut wiih the United Statet of America ; which is totally tubve - sive oftii Rights of HU Majesty, ard' destructive of th. best interests of bis Mi'iject. We pray you' excelienry to move Hia v. jetty's government, foreucli int ructions at will .i i .i . .. i. ... ... i . . ui cicari j ucwiiue wii.i iuc me rigiits Of the Crown, u touching the premise - , and tbe course to be pursued, to prevent Foreigner! from infringing such rights, and on the behalf of the people of this Province, weengjgethey will use their utmost endeavor to maintain and defend the - vame. We also pray your excellency to call the attention ofllis Majesty's government, and the governor general of the .North American Colo - the destructive monopolies claimed on the Labrador Shore, and the improvident Grant of the Magdalen Islands, so that proper step may be taken to remove all impediment to die fishery of His Majesty's subjects, under tuch rule and regulation u Hu Majeatv't government may think proper to establish, and we further pray your excellency to request the Admirals Commanding in Chief on the North American, and Newfoundland stations, to use their best endeavors to exclude foreigners from the fisheries which belong exclusive. Iy to UritUh subject, and to pt event evety ia. fringement of the Maritime and Territorial right to His Majesty's North American Colonies. His exa - llency replied, that he would, with much pleasure transmit the same to UU Ma jesty's Ministers, and solicit their immediate attention to it. FIRST WARD. f3 The Federal Republican Electors of the First Ward are requested to meet in the Long Room at Mn. Caaton's bosrding house, (formerly Washington Hotel,) No. 42 Broad. street, on Saturday evening next, the 18th inst. at 7 o'clock. ap 16 3t THIRD WARD. 07 The Federal Republican electors of the third Ward, are requested to meet at Reynold's No. 5 Courtlaudt - ttreet, on Monday eteoiag next, at half past seven o'clock, to select a con - mittee of nomination for charter officers for th said ward ap 17 a FAM - VG POST MARWE LIST. CLt.AKr.lJ, Ship Maria Theresa, bksddy Havre G O tl S Uowland Mar F.l'na. Follins Abtirua Brig Gov. Woodford, Pierce Erato, Robinson N Haven Jamaica John Troop Middletown Bo&toa Lubee Norfolk Boston Hartford Boston Norfolk Rowland. Ttislev. Schr Mary, Parker, Julia Ann, jonnson, Union, Debowe, Beaver, Pike, Sloop Dean, Bulk ley, Success, t'rowu, Constitution, Luforge, THniii, Krm.rt Philadelphia St am Foat I onnectirut. Bunker, N Have ii... It I. II lttl : 1 1 H : AYIri V rtiitih l.rii; Favourite, Bellinon, 40 days from Berlice, witli tujrar, rum and coUee, to W. Ro - lomrd, on, oiid Cr - Carv. pHniah brig Constantis, Galiana, 33 days from Porto Rico, wilh sugar, molasses and coffee, to J J. I.nbouisse. Left scbr Anbella, Godirey. for N York April H ;brig Fair American, M talem, in30 dr.ys. On hundny last, of the Capes of fhe Ptlaware, spoke ship Ellea, 4tt hours from N Yoik. bris; Trident. Thompson, of Kennebuak, 5T das from New - Orleacs and 81 from tbe Balixe, w.lK aiirrar In KT.iiM t'rtet Ar Bll1 CiirAUlt. Blink in the river ship Amazon, of Charleston, bound ... a a - mm if. i - up. laiva, za, mng , ou, s,u brie Biutus. Snow. 3 days from Havana, bouad to Boston. Emily, White, M days from Savannah, k .Attn. .. ...I . iVi m n,...rt St IrTntfolnnfl. ana Randolph & Savage. Sailsd in co with anooner John, for NYork. April 6, off Charleston, spoke chr Harriet, from bt Johns, E. Florida, booed to Portsmouth. Schr Lycurgus Nicholt, 6D days from Uie city of St Domingo, via Norfolk, with molasses, tnahoeaiiy aud tobacco, toC R aJuffie - tsenr jaoiei Aionroe, nip Hint, uaj iron .' 41 Hmis Jb in '.9m man iatiIUIaf Willi tUUBVVWi u"ui f - - w Teivilolf l).lonn JL Rr..Aa fZ RirhflMl. I) Be t 1 1 vj Ky iwrriwiu wa tsua.u A thune & Co. Walh bt Gallagher, aad R Crump. l aengers, urs. citi, airs, uiyers, ton, Mrs. Stimunts, Lt. Trent, of the navy, Mr. Braiue, Taylor, Barrows, Samuel B Cox, 1)5 G ladings, N K Atwater. S.'oop Lark, Saaford, 13 dayt from Charles - I.. I. U A.kB . n.n.lnr On ThurSOSV. lull, T 1 l nruc, w lire u - .u - i . ofTCare lienlopen, spoke hr. Elita Jaoe, from v.. M (I l,,.,) N VnrV. fSHavSOUU ui r: T..n. r' - .all 1 Huts from oiuuy i 1 1 ii i in . iciici, t . j - - Richmond, and 5 from the Capes, with floor to PI IV U....S K; U.maahlinl. HtV S i iiurH ol iiuwaiiuiai, a. f . Wnn.l Soil.H fry.mthe Cnnea in CO. WllhabOW 20 sail, bound to the eastward. . Sloop Brothers. Krunibers, 9 days from BKD - mood, with flour and tobacco, to sundnes. Schr Rover, tdgenon, mays iroiu ph IB, wiuitunurivs, i .wuu - . BELOW. 1 RR1VED LAST EFEJfJMtj, ot . w t. c o .11 Celava from R fM - CniP Dene cavngPe ruwu, u - VUU9 WIUI IJinO'fl, vur v i7 - ra I tvaa very bad weather in a heavy sea which broU . i if. . i i L I I... .Kitrh Kmu. n. over tne snip, me mmc hdu - , eri2 Pallas. Barnard, 5 days from Boston,! hollast, to J W Russell. On Wednesday, Iat35 50. lore, 72, saw a ship with a yellow waittatd fiirure head, and two brigs allttaudiogeattware. with flour and tobacco, to 1) Bethone W. Clupn ti Hicks, and W ilson k inomson. Jnmca Monroe, and Eineline, both " - WfjVj or N York. Schr. Union, Mertereaa, baa juts arr.vd from NYork. Spoke in James' B'. k - hr Native, Cole, from N Vork, for Richroond. Itr. bricThomat Naylor, Gill, .Odayif" I.;vprpool, with cobI, crates and hardware, to . W.llink & Co. J li' - oier, Kip & Ingi Al'Ku.lev, C CnuMweli U Son, T He1" S Cr - .w,"and ti frier. Pa - tengBrt, i ess r. S - nilh.VdJ White. ke.Apr.19,1 at 40W, lo..K 6S. ship Ai..,Southtni,rrf NTo 18X roTu N Orleans, for Havre 14th, M WffiXZ 69. schr Elizabeth, Watson, 4 days from Hai for N Y'ork. . , . Fji - Brig Orcrhonnd, Was.on.?6 diys frj.m " stntia, with" rum, '?3rand niolasses, io " Bishop, R F MuU,r,andJ :,t, brigs Uopard, Hu'ibell. for Bndeeporio 10 HnytOlive; Kcnnebunk, 5 , ' Leo Ap. fliush ol roljy m'":Zji wth. sloop Aianil' i rbru - r.irom s s M A pi ll t.oH Hatirras, spoke sloop A - n - Marm, frr.m St. Mrys, for '' - let M fm Frsnch bri - Mcssag - .r, Bel.ard M W Itoclsrlle, with piaster, ochre L. i. lihr.m K De Ussert. r?Lu Drig tloniracrce, Dagffo", - " - - f ,0. i!!.'!0! iTVfowne. Petert bacco, rranmin "'""'r " V, i Bonchaud, Horrick, Itoorbach M',V.Tli f! R M I Russell, A Armingfop, M Crca dell, P H Rival. I.lman K Torrcy.ard h te sewall. Passenger. j ?S - Tayl - .'r, W Wilson, T Hint, and J t Cartine, IU ; stnrs. .largarci, .. . - - v. . . I. uk, Luther, K. Isroid, for - Tnrk '''V?,' tiarw fc Nancy, anived lSth.lroo "0,r,y,

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