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MARCH 16 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Bast State St. Telephone No. 8800 WILL, F. MUSE i . . .Editor W. EARL HALL ..Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled' to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per year Â·, .57.00 Daily, per week -16 Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Dally, per year by carrier -. $7.00 Daily, per week by carrier. ;15 Daily, per year by mail ; *-00 6 months, S2.2B; a months, $1.25; 1 month....".... .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year. 6.00 6 months $3.25 , 3 months."....... 1.75 EntÂ«f.Â«J at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Â· ; ': Second Class Matter The sun, too, shines into cesspools, and is not polluted.--DIOGENES LAEKTIUS REQUIRED DRILL SHOULD REMAIN T HE measure to destroy military' training at Iowa City and Ames by putting It on an optional,basis is to come before the house of representatives at Des Moines Wednesday morning. Many and varied will be the arguments against It. And in the end, we believe that the representatives will summon their'good sense and vote in favor of continuing the present system which has no provable evil against it and much indisputable good. The short and simple story of required drill is that It is a preparedness measure. It has.other values but this is transcendant. If we are forced into war--a lively possibility in view of the fact that the world has more men under arms and more money invested in war machinery than ever before--the United States will stand in need of many trained officers. For some ol these, the country must look to the colleges and universities. That's where the student training comes into the picture. The terror which seizes opponents of military training when they discuss the "compulsory" character involved is'largely hokum. Even'they understand that if required military training is abolished, required phy- slcal^training will be substituted for it. They will understand too that virtually every subject in every professional college at Iowa City is a "compulsory" subject. Again, they understand that no boy Is compelled to go to Iowa City or Ames. If military training is so thorr'y repugnant to them, they can attend any of a score of denominational colleges in Iowa where it is not required--but where freshman English, swimming and many other things are. A glance at the financing plan will reveal that another commonly heard argument is "full of worm holes." In the first place, more than nine-tenths of the cost of the student training at Iowa City and Ames is borne;by the federal government. If the money were any event for the reason that' the increased program of physical education would be borne solely out of state taxes. Changing to optional drill, which is tantamount to abolishing drill, would be far more likely to increase Iowa's state educational bill than to subtract from it. The theory back of required drill is that every boy who avails himself of a tax-purchased education at Iowa City or Ames is under special obligation as to citizenship. That obligation is discharged when he equips himself to perform exceptional service in the event of an emergency. We have never been able to see anything unreasonable about that To the contrary, it strikes us as being conspicuously fair. We hope that the legislature sees the matter in the same light. IT'S ONLY A SUGGESTION rpHOSE interested in Iowa education will watch with Â± much interest the next step in Governor Turner's endeavor to fill the vacancies on the state board of education, occasioned by the. death of Mr. Stucksldger and by the close of the terms for which Henry Shull of Sioux City and S. J. Galvin of Sheffield were appointed. Just what the forces were that resulted in a quick rejection in the senate of Frank Miles and Max Huescuen have not been made known. From a man In a position to say, however, it is learned that the opposition was directed against the Holstein editor and that the editor of the Iowa Legionaire, highly acceptable to most of the senators, was linked with his fellow appointee to his detriment. Interestingly the vote an Miles was 25 to 25 as contrasted with 43 to 7 against Hueschen. A glance at the Holstein man's record convinces one that he was not a happy choice for the board position. To a large extent he would have nullified the friendly, gesture which the governor sought to make to Iowa's service men by the appointment of Mr. Miles, many senators believed. However this, way be, the fact remains that he would have rattled in the saoes of Henry Shull, who has been described to this writer by one member of the board of education as one of the most- able and valuable persons who has sat on the board since it was organized some twenty- two years ago. . Â· The Globe-Gazette is in no position to advise Mr. Turner, having too recently advised voters against him. But we can't resist venturing an opinion that his prestige as a statesman would be tremendously elevated by the reappointment of Mr. Shull and Mr. Galvin. It would constitute eloquent proof that our chief executive was bent on putting state welfare above mere political debt-paying considerations. By any test he may wish to apply, he will find these two have done their jobs in an admirable manner. *Â· CERMAK LOOKS LIKE A WINNER HASTY visit to Chicago and a cursory glance at' the political situation convinces .this writer that the present time the democratic candidate, Cermak, 3 a clearcut lead over "Big Bill the Builder" for the .yor'a post. The reasoning is the.t .Thompson's strength was asured In the recent primary when he received only mt 40 per cent of the total republican vote. It is jonable to assume that a very large portion of the vote which went to Lyle and Albert will go to Cermak because It was anti-Thompson before it was anything else. If this be ^the fact, the democrat will win hands down because he will command a heavy party vote. Talking to a newspaper man, we got this interesting appraisal of the two candidates: "As I see it, they are about equally unqualified for the position. The one difference between them . is that Big Bill has hat} more experience in being unqualified for the job." Be that as it may, a victory for Cermak would.be welcomed outside of Chicago. At the worst, it would take him several years to build up a reputation as unsavory as that which Big Bill bears. Â· LET THEM CUT LOOSE TF THE progressives genuinely want the nation to Â·*Â· tak'e them seriously and respectfully, they will deserve respect by cutting loose from the old parties they so bitterly denounce, and setting up a party that will construct something, instead of forever tearing down. Let them come out in the open and fight for a decision by the sovereign voter. Subterfuge is unworthy of a greac cause. ' .. OTHER EDITORS AN APPRECIATION OF T. A. POTTER- By O f S. Bailey in Waukon Republican-Standard: The tragic death of Truman A. Potter of Mason City last Friday when he and a friend were suffocated in a fire at the Potter home, spread a sorrow thruout the state among friends of Mr. Potter and the Potter family. This editor has known and loved Trume Potter for many years, ever since we left the family home and started out on our own resources and thruout all these years Trume Potter has always manifest an Interest in our affairs and has times innumerable dropped us a word of encouragement here and there that has been keenly appreciated and helpful. There was always a bond of friendship between Mr.. Potter and our father (Editor's note -- The famous "Bailey of Britt" of an earlier day) a friendship that was notable for the rare enjoyment both received. Both were highly appreciative of the humorous side of life and' either could sit 'for hours and enumerate the humorous occasions wherein either or ooth had been the subject for the joke. Only last week we published a short sketch told by Mr. Potter to a Mason City newspaper reporter that exemplified the humorous bond always existant between these two. This writer's father being several years older than Mrl Potter always manifest a sort of fatherly interest in him during his younger days and a bond of friendship grew that lasted until the passing of the elder about four years ago. And in return Mr. Potter manifest about the same interest in this writer for many, many years and' we knew and loved Trume Potter for that interest. Like all of us, he had his weaknesses, but his admirable qualities so outshone any deficiencies that they were passed out of mind and supplanted by the enjoyment of his friendship. We mourn at the passing of Trume Potter and we distinctly realize we have lost a good friend and one that was ever ready to manifest this friendship in times -of distress as well as times of rejoicing. MILITAUY TRAINING AND PEACE Davenport Tunes: Those opposed to military training in the University of Iowa and Iowa State college have succeeded in obtaining, the support of the state board of the Iowa Federation of Women's clubs. The stand taken by the federation's board against compulsory training at a meeting in Des Moines last week is In direct opositlon to the position of the Davenport Council of the Parent-Teacher associations and r ,^eiTowav society of Daughters, of .the American e o u t ' - * ' " ' ' ' . .'Â·' Â·-.:'Â·" ''"Â·"Â·:'.Â· .''" r "i ' ' 1 " ' 1 ' " ' ' 'Â·'' ' : ' : " . . . . ' it is : in direct opposition to the American : Legion whose members regret that a large proportion were called Into the nation's service without the rudiments of training which are now given to students at Iowa's two large schools. Mrs. C. A. Knutson of Clear Lake urged the adoption of the resolution against compulsory training by the federation board on the ground 1 that is a move toward peace. Peace Is a word that has an attractive sound to all of us. Our whole national attitude is directed toward peace at home and peace abroad. But the abolishment of training is not an .essential factor in that attitude. If American history teaches anything it is that we have suffered in blood and in treasure for our failure to prepare against the possibility of war. In fact, many believe we might have escaped the World war had not our defenseless position been a temptation to Germany to disregard our rights'. Certainly, America will Instigate no war. Many of those who see in military training an implanting of a desire for conflict are doubtless sincere, but most assuredly they are misguioVed. If they hold to a belief that America will be more likely to wage war because some training has been given American youth, they display an utter lack of confidence in American integrity of thot and action. AMERICA SEEN FROM ABROAD Cincinnati Enquirer: One of the most curious re- results of business depression In the United States is its stimulus of British confidence in their own social and economic system. For a decade at least the British have become accustomed to regard Americans as possessing an economic magic which produced wealth without limit and precluded the dangers of poverty or suffering. This bred a discontent with the historic system of Great Britain, emphasized by the gradual decline of British trade and transfer of the world's financial capital from London to New York. Just now the English are hearing and reading accounts of America's difficulties, in their press and from returning visitors. Some of their information is faulty, most of it exaggerated, but the essential point is present -- that the United States, like any other industrial country, has not yet learned to manage its economic system without frequent maladjustments. Thus It is that our trans-Atlantic cousins are developing a new confidence in their own political and economic system. Meantime America is fumbling tentatively with social insurance and governmental devices to stimulate foreign trade, which, if the cards have been read aright, can be held responsible in considerable measure for Britain's plight. IOWA'S CEMENT PLANTS IMarsiialltown Times-Republican: We have six cement plants in Iowa. Their dally output is 22,000 barrels. The yearly production is around 8,000,000 barrels valued at $13,000,000. These plants employ about 1,500 persons. They must compete for business with plants in other states. All these plants are incorporated' and must pay 12 per cent of their net earnings to the federal government and taxes on their property to tlur state and its local subdivisions. It is now proposed to soak them with 'a special state tax. JUST FOLKS Copyrighted 1031 By KI10AK A. OliE.Sl A NOTE AND OTHER PROMISES "In ninety days I promise to repay With interest a certain sum." I quote Almost the legal phrasing of a note. I cannot find a line on it to say, If irksome grow the burden then I may Renounce the obligation and go free, Calling the pledge too difficult for me. And if I find to borrow was unwise, Meeting with loss,where I had hoped for gain, Or further troubles cause me to complain Aa day by day new difficulties rise, Unchanged the debt against my record lies! That note was made for better or for worse, I still must pay the money from my purse. THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . By'Stanley I HOPE HE FINDS FIVE BENZINE CAN, THATS WHEN THE EprroR OF THE WEEKLY CLARION CLEANED OUT HIS DESK TODAY HE FOUND THREE CHRISTMAS PACKAGES W u An FOR.GIO-TTEN TO DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clendenlne cannot diagnose or give personal answers lo letter* from readers. When questions arc of ceneral interest, however, they will be tnkn up. In onlor, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Lo^on Clendening, care of The Globe-Uazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. DIET IMPORTANT IN KIDNEY TROUBLE TT is often surprising how much can be accomplished * for what seems a serious amount of kidney degeneration. I have in mind a patient who is the ideal patient for a doctor because she does just what she is told. She has a strong will and limits herself to the amount and kind of food she is told to eat, never breaking over. The consequence is that whereas 10 years ago her blood chemistry analysis showed large amounts of nitrogen waste products were being retained, she has lived in complete comfort and is today, so far as ..the blood chemistry is concerned, better off than she was at the beginning .of treatment..- Â· .When Richard Bright, "in 1829," published his observations on kidney disease and furnished us with the name Bright's disease, he considered that the disease was strictly confined to the kidneys. His greatest Interest was in the examination of urine, and he demonstrated the abnormal element albumin in it by boiling urine in a pewter spoon over 1 Â·Â· a candle. Since his day the con_ ception of Bright's disease has en- p n Â« t n n C ?i ng i ar Â£ ed - " now is considered a disease of all the arteries of the body, tho perhaps es- pec,ally_ the blood vessels of the kidney. The entire body--the blood pressure and the heart--are involved and treatment must take all these parts into account' and not concentrate on the kidneys alone . Proper rest, therefore, moderate and not tiring exercise, baths judiciously planned as to temperature and duration, as well as diet, are parts of the treatment. Diet however, is the crux of the matter. In these cases the kidney is unable to throw off its regular quota of the nitrogen, waste products and they accumulate in the blood. Being abnormal there they cause some untoward symptoms. The logical thino- to do 13 to reduce these substances in the diet The nitrogen waste products are urea, uric acid, creatfn erentimne and ammonia. They arise from the protein loods. Some of them, such as creatin,. arise from the body s own muscle tissue. So it is the protein in the diet which must be reduced. In balancing the nephritic diet, however, it should be remembered that the proteins must not be cut down too low. If they are, the body will break' down its own protein. The energy value of the diet must, therefore, be kept high. Furthermore, whenever nitrogen retention is established the kidney is also likely to be deficient in me elimination of acid. So acidosis occurs and must be combattcd with fruits and alkalis. A type of moderately low protein diet suitable for nitrogen retention is as follows: ' Protein, 25 Grams Grapefruit "or oranges, peaches, strawberries cooked wheat, cereal or corn flakes, bread, butter, cream vegetables of 5 per cent group or 10 per cent group, sugar,- rice, potatoes, canned peaches or pears. h ?, ( ", lor ?^ N "' e: Slx P" 1 "!* 1 ''" hy Dr. ClendcnfnK can now he obtained hy sending 10 cents In coin for each and a Heir-addressed, stamped envelope, to Dr. Logan Clendenlne, In cure of this paper, or Central Press Association, 1.135 East Twelfth street, Cleveland. Ohio. The pamphlets are: "indigestion nnd Constipation," "Reducing and GnlnlnB," "Infant Feedinc." Instructions for the Treatment of Dlahetes," "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care ot the Hair and Sllln." Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America PILLARS OF THE CHURCH (Read Luke 15:25-32. Text, Lultc 15:31). Son, thou art ever with me, and nil that I have Is thine. T HIS elder brother has been sadly abused. It is true that he betrayed some faults of temper. Good people are not always as amiable as they might be. And the elder brother was a good man. He stayed at home and worked hard to keep things going while his brother was wasting his substance with riotous living. Such men are pillars of society, and of the church. They are a reliable asset while the prodigals are a liability. It is well enough that we see their faults for our own self-correction: let us not miss their superb virtues. And they will have their reward. In the parable the returned prodigal got a welcome and a feast; but the elder brother got a commendation and Inherited the estate. These steady, stay-at-home folks are the great people after all. Prayer: Our Heavenly Father, Whose promises are to those who walk uprightly, we thank Thee for faithful men nnd devoted women; and we pray that Thou wilt guide us to become of their company. In Jesus' name. Amen. EARLIER DAYS Being a Daily Compilation of Iiitcrestlnjc Facts from the "Tivcniy rears Ago" Flics of llio Globe-Onzcifc. MARCH 10, 101L The Revs. Slattery of WateVloo and Leahey of Dubuque were in the city this week visiting friends at the St. Joseph's rectory and incidentally paid a visit to the Farmers Co-Operative Brick and Tile company where a new plant is practically completed. The new plant was started this week and will soon be under way full blast. Miss Anna George, who has been enjoying the summery climate of California for the past two months, arrived home in time to get the full benefit of the first winter weather' of the season. Miss Georgo has resumed her position at the Park hospital. Beginning today a complete 15 minute service from 5:30 o'clock in the morning to 11 o'clock at night has been put on by the local street car company. The first car will leave the Milwaukee depot at 5:30 o'clock in the morning instead of 6 o'clock as formerly and the last car will leave that place at 11 o'clock at night. This gives 'a 1 full one hour longer service. The last car will leave the B and O addition at"11:15 o'clock and will pass south thru the downtown business district about 11:20 to 11:25 o'clock. A dispatch from Houston, Texas, states that Lee Christmas, an American soldier of fortune and one of the leaders in the recent Honduran revolution, has been made governor of the department of Cortez, Honduras, by the new government, according to a report received here. L. Oliver Stone, who has been cashier of the Iowa State bank, Main and Sixth streets, for the post four years, has severed his connection with that institution and expects to locate in Montana. He left here for Bacon in that state and from there will look around and decide which of the many opportunities there are in that state to begin business. Thomas Igou, who has been in the bank for some time, has been advanced to Mr. Stone's position. Mrs. W. H. Hathorn is organizing a chorus choir for the Baptist church and if plans work out will make its first appearance Sunday evening at the church service. This choir is made up largely of the young members of the church and will be an important feature. The choir met last evening for the first meeting. Miss Ruth Stevens entertained the Bide-A-Wee club at her home on North Michigan street yesterday afternoon. The afternoon was enjoyed in the usual needlework and social hour and later a delicious two course luncheon was served. The Queen Esther Sunday school .class of the Methodist church will give a Dutch lunch in its chapel on Thursday evening of next week. G. E. Gunderson of Kensett was a xvelcome caller at the Globe-Gazette office yesterday. He has just returned from the western part of the state where he purchased some fine Holstein cattle for his farm to complete his herd. Mr. Gunderson wag the prize winner recently at the Worth county short term contest, winning on Silver Dent corn which has been his special for the past few seasons. Mr. Gunderson ia a young man but an up-to-date scientific farmer and is improving his farm every year to make It the most ideal in northern Iowa. Hogs have taken another slump this week and today buyers are quoting 56-20 and 56-25 as the top. They may go yet lower. Eggs are making some commotion also near the bottom of the market and are selling at 16 cents at the grocers. Fourteen and 15 cents is the market price. Dr. L. E. Newcomer is having his old residence moved from the lot and will at once begin the erection of a new residence. L ]y -ffv Â»Â«*Â«*Â·] Items printed here each day are sneclnieni picked from the miujt of Inquiries linndled by 'our great Information bureau maintained In Wtwhlnuton. Thla valuable service Is for Uio life use of tho public. Auk nny question of fact yon may want to know and you Hill get an Immediate rrnly. Write plainly, Inclosn 2 cents Jn roln or stumps for return pontage njid address (no Globe-Gniftto Information Ilureau, Frederic J. Haskin. Director, Washington, 1). C. Q. What is the stick called with which an elephant is prodded by thp man driving It? H. A. B. A. An elephant driver as a "ma- aout" and the stick is an "ankus." This goad is a stick ahout two feet long, capped with a sharp spike and :iook. It resemhles a short-handled ooat hook. Q. What kind of paper is used to mnko stamps? H. Y. . A. It 3s made of bleached chemical wood fiber derived, at the present time, from North Carolina pine trees.' '' Q. What does It cost to collect the internal revenue taxes? J. A. S. A. The total cost in 1930 was $34,352,063.41, the cost being $1.13 for each 5100 collected. Q.- Please send me literature on how to- obtain a government job. H. A. M. A. For application blanks, sample questions and additional information relative to examinations for position's in which you would be interested we suggest that you address the Secretary of the Eighth Civil Service District, Postoffice, St. Paul, Minn., stating your qualifications, etc. ft. What was the first industrial undertaking in tills country? F. D. A. A glass bottle factory erected in the Virginia colony soon after 1607, located in the woods about a mile from Jamestown. Q. For whom was Thomns A. Edison named Alva? K. W. A. In honor of an old friend of his father's, Capt. Alva Bradley. Q. Why do woodpeckers bore into trees? C. B. A. They are hunting the burrows of wood-boring insects for food. Q. What were tftc measurements of the city of New York a hundred years ago ? B. J. M. A. An article published in The Christian Advocate says: "At the beginning of the nineteenth century the 'commercial metropolis of the United States' occupied only the lower end of Manhattan Island, what is now 'up town 1 being still mado up of spacious farms and country estates, including the little village of Harlem. The actual measurements of the city proper are given as three miles in length (from .the Battery to Fourteenth street), one and a half miles in width and eight miles In circumference." THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG STILL AGREES WITH HOOVEK SULPHUR, Okla., March 12.--I clipped the following item out ot the Sunday San Antonio Light, March 7, San Antonio's leading daily: "DRUNKEN VETS AKE WAKNED BY JUDGE "WASHINGTON, D. C., March .7. --Sixty veterans jammed police court hero today on intoxication charges, and got a sharp lecture from Judge Ralph Given In addition to fines and jail sentences. "Judge Given lectured the ex- service men against 'making a Disgraceful display' and warned them that to patron:ze speakeasies with large rolls of bonus money is a dangerous practice. "San Antonio Chief of Polica Owen W. Kilday Thursday sounded a warning to ex-service men who may feel an Inclination to squander their bonus money. "The warning was in the form oÂ£ an example. "An ex-service man who received J500 Friday morning, was brot in drunk Friday night, having spent ?150 during the day. The remaining $350 was checked in the chief's office." My confidence Is still in Mr. Hoover who in his opposition to the bonus bill no doubt was more interested In the future of the ex-servico men and all concerned than in his re-election. P. H. KEHM BO-BROADWAY "lly JOSEPH VAN RAAL.TET YOLTRE THE JUDGE T HE TRUE-FIT SHOE STORE contracted with a shoe manufacturer in the metropolis of the state for shoes, to be manufactured and delivered to the True-Fit store by a certain date. But not long after the order was placed the True-Fit store wrote the manufacturer not to make the shoes, that it could not take them. But by that time the manufacturer already had cut the leather for the uppers and refused to accept the countermand, but finished the shoes and tendered them to the True-Fit store. The store refused to accept them. There was an exchange of correspondence and then the manufacturer filed suit for the entire contract price. How would you decide this case? Make up your mind before you rend the decision. The rieclfllon: The court awarded the manufacturer only the difference be twecn the contract price and the market value of the shoes at Che Itmo they were shipped. Tho Judges reasoned thus: In a contract for articles to he manufactured and deliverer! the title to t h e m does not pass until they have hecn finished and delivered. And when the buyer countermands his order It Is plain that he does not Intend to assume ownership: ~Tt Is. of course, unreasonable for tho m a n u f a c t u r e r to KO on mnnufaclnrlnR a f t e r the order Is countermanded, and he cannot hold the b u y e r for thn full price of the order--the price ho would have to pay If ho had assumed ownership ot tie articles--when he did not assume It. N EW YORK, March 16. -- The po-l lice department in Tammany Town costs the taxpayers $170,000 a day. And that doesn't account for what The -Boys in Blue chisel on the side. Some of them chisel. Some of them blast. A sample of chiseling: . Ten kegs ol .beer. were used at a recent blow-out at' one' of the large midtown hostelries. The beer was delivered late In the afternoon at one of the side doors-- rolled in under the supervision of the cop on post who gravely checked off the' number of kegs and then stepped forward demanding 10 bucks -- a dollar a keg -- the prevailing rate of graft by all Men On Post. It Is estimated that there are, conservatively figured, 20,000 speakeasies In town. Twenty thousand speaks ind 18,000 cops -- a speakeasy apiece nnd 2,000 left over. Figure it out for yourself. A scientist by the name of Hamilton has been prying into the intricacies and peculiarities of The Marriage Game for the Rockefeller Institute. Of the hunfjred men he 'questioned, 51 said they had achieved happy marriages while only 45 of a like number of women were contented. Marriage made late In life proved happier than early marriages. Men and women who had never attended colleges were more happily married than those with degrees. When one member of the team had a better education than the other, he or she was usually dissatisfied; but the wife or husband of Inferior education in these cases, proved to be much happier than the average. Women, on.the whole, found more causes for dissatisfaction than men. Two-thirds of the wives had some bone to pick with their partners and did not hesitate to complain to the physician. All of which recalls Punch's famous Advice to Those About to Marry: "Don't!" Â· Â· Â· B UY CAN-OPENER PFD. This is the age of peepers. Everybody is out analyzing everybody else. No one's habits or personal pref-. erences are sacred. The other day 500 questionnaires were distributed among the budding and beautiful .maidens at Hunter's college. Result: Only four like to cook, and only four like to sew. The rest want to be teachers, doctors, dentists, authors, dramatists, dancers, reporter.s --almost anything except housewives. That proves something--and your guess is as good as mine. Who's Who and Timely Views TRAINED SOCIAL WORKERS NECESSARY By WILLIAM TUDOIl GARDINER Governor ot Maine. WiUlam Tudor Oardtner was horn at Newton, Mass., June 12. 1S02. He Is a. graduate nl Harvard. He bc(ran practicing law at, Auntista, Me., In 1010. From 1021 to 1925 he wna a member of the Maine bonne of representatives, being speaker In the latter year. He \i-as elected governor of Maine In }D28. He la n. veteran of the World TITITHIN THE period of the last generation there have been great changes in the function of government. For the most part these have take the form 6Â£ addi- 11 o n s to the w o r k of the to the increasing c o m p l e x i t y of modern life nnd to the growing consciousness of the duties of enlightened citizenship. Needs usually thot of as social, such as pubic welfare, and Institutional care, do not represent as large a part Wm. T. Gardiner of the work of the state from the financial point of view as those entailed by such public works as highway construction, but the basic importance of good work In the sphere of social needs makes it desirable that there should be given as careful and purposed training for this work as is required by the state highway department for the young men whom it engages as engineers. In the enlarging and chanrrjnc; field of social work there are almost unlimited opportunities for advancement. Important positions in this field are being filled with notable success by women. The diversity of the interests involved and the necessity for sympathetic understanding of human situations and motives have always made this vocation of special appeal to women. Social work not so long ago waa seriously defined as "the work which social workers do." That definition shows quite plainly the rather nebulous idea which prevailed as to the meaning and purpose of social work. Even as recently a 31915. there was considerable discussion among social workers themselves as to whether social work could ' be considered a profession. A prominent social worker said that social work was "not so much a definite field as an aspect of many fields." The state now employs various types of social workers. The apprenticeship method, or "supervised experience" is largely followed in the case of field workers in the public welfare department, but only thru necessity and because we are loath to go out of the state for our employes. There is no good reason why we cannot employ trained workers as they became available. Among the courses which are helpful to those contemplating this line of work might be mentioned sociology, psychology, history, government, geology, physiology, dietetics and other studies which have prominent human aspects or in general any which develop pocial perspective and Judgement. When possible, a year or two of graduate work, combined with practical experience, is most desirable. At present there aro over 20 graduate schools of social work of the highest grade.