The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 2, 1945 · Page 1
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January 2, 1945

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 2, 1945
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/ W-* · _~ -i*TM- ·"""'·"·" ·*-- -*--·· " -- ·*·--· *^«-- -* ,~, ^-Cr^~* _^ *·* ^^.^ ^ {_, NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL.11 Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased. Wins (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA. TUESDAY. JANUAKY 2. 19»5 Thtl Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section One REPORT NAZIS OPEN SAAR ASSAULT German Planes Wrecked; U. S. Bombers Attacking Again M Bl 4lhBM4h t J% M f * m m -m. *. ~m 'm mm --- _ . i ' · · -- '·" -- * · . . ' . ,\ · U. S. REPLACES KEY PERSONNEL IN WARD FIRM Army Charges Top . Officials and Others Refuse to Co-Operate Chicago, (IP)--The army began replacing key personnel in seized Montgomery Ward and company properties /Tuesday after Maj. Gen. Joseph W. Byron, the military manager, said top officials and other employes had refused to co-operate in army operations. Army-discharged p e r s o n n e l faced possible selective service reclassification, Gen. Byron said, adding that any employes who interfered with the army would be subject to "severe penalties Under the law." -Three · ol Ward's Chicago officials were subpoeaned to appear before a federal grand jury. Eight officials in Ward's St. Paul store were discharged, including, the manager, and were .replaced by 4 army officers headed by Maj. Paul A. Petty. The army said 7 of those discharged refused to leave the store but would not be evicted. The St Paul auditor left the store. Managers of 3 stores in the Detroit area were replaced by-army majors; The.general said that at each property in Chicago, Detroit, St Paul, Dem-er, Portland, Ore., San Rafael, Cat./ and Jamaica, N. Y. an, opportunity was given to representatives of Ward's to conduct the/business under my direction Wji^hJthei^^CciiSurbjLnce to/the ipormaltonaatipiisi-'" -ties^and ^atKout Jprsjuuicujg' legal fights-orthisCcoiftpaiiy..;. /"Mr. Sewell Ayeryi' .chairman »nd other representatives 'of the company refused. I, accordingly issued orders to them to do cer tain acts which were, necessary fa me to carry out by mission. Again they refused.'This will make i necessary for me to place operat ing personnel at each of the prop ertlesi This personnel will inctud officers of lonr experience in th merchandising field." H. L. Pearson, vice p reside n and treasurer of Ward's, wa served with a federal grand jury subpena by a U. S. deputy mar shal who also carried subpenas fo the company chief of guards am head of the protection department The government purpose of thi action was not immediately clari fied. Subpenas also were served on F. S. Schirmick, head of the com pany plant protection service Stanley Houda, chief of guards and on 2 unidentified army offi cers. Posters signed by Gen. Byroi and addressed to all employes sal "Yon are now working for th United States and you have n other employer." The poster said "cases of ob struction of our work will be re ported promptly to the Federa Bureau of Investigation and th department of justice for action. It' said employes or superiors in terffiring with the army would b "subject to severe penalties unde rthe law." Mentioning the possibil ' ity of selective service reclassifi cation for employes who might b discharged, the poster said "I hop it will not be necessary to invok these penalties against anyone, expect your co-operation." The poster introduction said th government had placed upon th ·army the responsibility for operat ing the property and "manageme .has refused to carry out its shai of this, responsibility," thus put .ling the responsibility "squarel up to each and every one of you. Specifically, the general name Sewell Avery, chairman of th board, "and other representatives as having refused to operate th properties, under his directio since the seizure under presiden tial order Thursday. Avery re fused to,, recognize the seizure a - -. constitutionally valid and sai . the, company could not accept c obey it. - Gen. Byron also announced « 9:40 a. m. central war time Tues ' day the army seized 2 warehouse- in Detroit, "necessary for effe live governmental. operation the 4 Ward's stores in the 1 troit area." This made a total 16 properties--^10 retail stores, mail order houses and 3 ware houses--now under army contro Avery was in his office, ne that being used by Gen. Byr Vv-hen the military manager's p Jiminary report' to Secretary "War Stimson was released. ome ng correspondent's, question at a ·ess conference Monday at which Vimitz pledged that his commanders would use all available espurces against the Japanese without loss of time." American reverses on the west- ·n front, he conceded, had upset he offensive schedule for the ·acffic. At the same time, he said the 7nited States must be prepared o seize bases on the China coast nd to invade the Japanese home- and, occupying "enough of it to vin the peace." Returning f r o m a t o u r of Lmerican forward bases with a nrecast of a "very unhappy 19-15" or the Japanese, Nimitz told lewsmen at a press conference hat the success of the German :ountetoffensive in Belgium and Luxembourg would delay the redeployment of forces in Europe, particularly the air forces. However, the Pacific command- jrs "will continue to carry on our operation with what is available" vith the goal of defeating Japan completely at the earliest possible moment, Nimitz said. Nimitz said he had had a "very satisfactory series" of conferences with Adm. Sir Bruce Fraser, commander of the new British Pacific leet, and the future of. co-ordi- nated American-British efforts 'looks very bright Indeed." Referred to 1945, he said: "I don't know yet the capacity of the Japs to take punishment in their homeland. What we will do this coming year will give us some idea of what they can stand;" , ,,_,,.'. Ji ,;Nimitz.., disclosed in.: a^year-:Ehd_revie;w 'tHat"Japan has" lost 6,650. planes^ah d Jif v " ships, including :2 -battleships, _ carriers and 7 heavy' cruisers in the past 12 months. De pre Buy your War B o n d s Stamps from your Globe-Gazctt carrier boy. 'Would Welcome" Russia's Aid Against Japan-Nimitz Heavy Strikes Pearl Harbor. (U.P)---Fl*»Pt Arirnirnl m-ia^*,,. TMr TvTtw,:*-, ,,.~..u i J T T at Luzon Isle Pearl Harbor. (U.R)--Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz would ne the Russians as allies in the war against Japan The Pacilic commander's first "on-the-record" statement regard- i the Soviets came in answer to*--· : -TM" 'TM "ALL OF BUD A NEAR; GERMAN ARMY WEAKENS Report Nazi Garrison Crumbling Before Attacking Russians London, (.'P)--Fall ol Buda, western section of Danube-straddling Budapest, appeared to be only a matter of hours Tuesday as the loomed nazi garrison crumbled Jefore attacking Russian forces itilizing virtually, every weapon known in modern warfare. A communique broadcast earjy Cuesday from Moscow said the ;reatly outnumbered German and Hungarian defenders had lost more .han 1,000 men killed Monday in savage street fighting and had Ken compressed into an area less ttian 4 miles wide and a mile deep. (A- Cairo radio broadcast Monday night said all the Germans lad been driven from Buda, but there was no confirmation from Russia or German sources.) The communique also said soviel forces had occupied 200 additional blocks in Buda Monday, bringing to 600 the number now under Russian domination. The Russians knocked out 24 German tanks am ·13 armored;trpop carriers and took .429 ;:prisoner s7xthe r f frist^ big ;1a;jjS captives-:, since ttie.^soviet;, ·b*ok~ through the western ' defenses 6' the capital several days ago. . Katushas, 'giant rocket mortars were brought into the capital on fleets of American made trucks to blast street fortifications. Other Russian forces captured 14 more places and drove within 2 miles of Losong (Lucenec), Slovak communications hub on fhe Hungarian frontier above Budapest. Moscow reports said a new offensive against Austria was ex pected to get underway as soon a the conquest of Budapest was completed. The German high command was reported to have included Vi enna in the "threatened zone" and started partial evacuation and oth er emergency measures in thi Austrian capital. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday, with scattered snow flurries, not quite so cold Tuesday night, with lowest temperature about 10 below at Mason City. Iowa: Cloudy with occasional ligh snow and not quite so cold Tuesday night and'Wednesday. Shippers' Forecast, Northern half 1( below, southern halt zero. Minnesota: Increasing cloudines and not so cold Tuesday night Wednesday cloudy with ofcca sional light snow and warrriei becoming colder north Wednes day afternoon. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 2 below Minimum Monday night 18 faelow At 8 a. m. Tuesday 18 below At 8:30 a. m. Tuesday 19 below At 2 p. m. Tuesday 2 above The mercury Tuesday mornin dipped lower than the ininimui registered in the 1943-44 winter when the bottom was recorded a 17 below on Feb. 12. YEAR AGO: Maximum 45 Minimum 11 Engineer Killed as Train Is Derailed Youngstown, Ohio, (/F) _ Th engineer was killed and the fire man injured early Tuesday when the engine and 3 baggage-expres cars of an eastbound Erie railroai passenger train derailed nea Sterling, Ohio, A. E. Gleeson, general manager of the railroai reported- Gleeson said all pas senger coaches remained on th tracks. The Chicago-New York train was enroule from Marion Youngstown. Buy your U'ar B o n d s and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. - ' Yanks Launch By LEONARD MILL1MAN Associated Press War Editor Squadrons of land-based U. S. lanes making their first strong double-strike at Luzon Island vhere the decisive battles of the Philippines will be fought blew up i Japanese ammunition train and irobably sank 8 enemy ships, in- luding 3 warcraft. The successful attacks revealed apparent Japanese 1 " preparations o meet an expecte'd invasion of ^uzon or to strike at nearby Mindoro island where Tokyo radio has aid Americans were bringing in reinforcements. New ship arrivals and the outhward movement of ammuni- ion trains emphasized a Pacific leet comment that Japanese leaders "know they must not lose" the battle of the Philippines. U. S. bombers and attack planes :aught the ships in Lingayen gulf, he original Japanese invasion route 150 miles north of Manila. They left 3 large freighter-transports 2 small freighters and 3 escorting warships sinking. On southwestern Luzon across narrow water channel from tfindoro, 50 marine Corsairs at- :acked 4 ammunition trains. One was blown up and 3 damaged. Fifteen Nipponese planes raided Mindoro while U. S. air forces damaged 5 Japanese vessels in raids reaching from the Dutch Indies to Iwo Jima, southern outpost of Tokyo which was hit fo the 24th consecutive day. Premier Gen. Kuniaki Koiso warned the Japanese that they must look' forward to increasinj air raids and "greater difficulties' asxi.tlie American attack with . -_-.A Pacific fleet review said" that ' FBI SAYS THEY'RE GERMAN AGENTS--The federal bureau of investigation released these pictures at New York Monday night, describing them as of William Colepaugh, left, and Erich Gimpel, right, German agents who landed from a U-boat on the Maine coast last Nov. 29. (Associated Press wire photo, Kayenay engraving.) "Intensified" Nazi EffortV * to Send Spies Here Revealed New York, tU.R)--J. Edgar Hoover, director of the federal bureau of investigation, warned Tuesday of a new "intensitied" .effort by Germany to send saboteurs to this* -- -" ! '" = """""""" ACTRESS SHOT ACCIDENTALLY Bullet Lodges in Spine of Susan Peters, 23 San Diego, Cal., (fP) -- Susan 5 eters, 23 year old Hollywoot jctress, underwent' an operation n Mercy hospital early Tuesdaj :o relieve the pressure caused by i Juliet which lodged in her spim when a .22 caliber.rifle was dis charge^ in a hunting:. accideri Suriday,.i;^"^";V.J;i.;. ''"· ' ; " holds ashes open of 2 agents landed a month ago by submarine on, the coast of Maine. The men, arrested in New York, were William Curtis Colepaugh, 26, a native of Connecticut with a discharge from the U. S. navy, and Enrich Gimpel,'35, a German citizen, interned for a time in this country but sent home as an exchange prisoner onb' to return as a spy. They landed Nov. 29 in Frenchman Bay. The 2 men. trained in espionage and sabotage in Berlin, Dresden and the Hague, were equipped with 560,000 in United States currency, forged' birth certificates .copied af ter : those b£ the'CohriecV ticut-rtepaiUmeiitspItbealthj forged discharges from the TJ.~ S. navy. to^attaSf : b? n nL aae %Z pistols whan arrested and had as- siwi^^b^^ %KZS%£ a -- -. , cautioned, "the road to Tokyo is rough and long. . . . The hardest battles in the Pacific war are still to come." .SZTSFS^ sir ng k-"* 5 -^ BES il^rfr^T «21'L C £ U X* «·* the German government has campaign on Leyte island in the Philippines svhere 995 more Japanese were killed, and Burma with Japanese withdrawing from virtually every front. The only active "Nipponese opposition was to, prevent reopening oj the Burma road. Associated Press War Correspondent John Grover speculated the end of the Burma campaign is "merely a matter o£ months." British troops occupied the village of Kadurna, on the rim of Burma's rice bowl. Advance units were 86 miles from Mandalay. In the south unopposed British units took over the east bank of the Mayu river, 25 miles north of Akyab. Fireman McGillicuddy to Use Steps Next Time Xew York, (U.R)--Fireman Jeremiah McGillicuddy will be taking the stairs down the next time he hears the station house alarm. Early Tuesday he slid down the shiny brass pole and fractured his left leg. He's 56. transmitter. The landing of these t men and of the Z Japanese balloons in the northwest and other matters a very intensified program of training and sending agents into the western hemisphere," Hoover said. The FBI chief said he was confident that no others had been landed at the same time as the. 2 now in custody. The balloons referred to by Hoover were disov- ered at Kalispell, Mont., and Portland, Ore. A 3rd balloon was reported by 2 youths at Tacoma, Wash., but its origin was never announced. The balloon found at Kalispell was made of processed paper covered with Japanese characters and carried an incendiary device. Severed cables indicated that it might have carried a cage for passengers. Hoover said the purpose of the balloons had not yet been determined. 'It is at least conceivable, 1 however," he said, "that they were released for the purpose of smuggling enemy agents into this country." Hoover asked the public to alerl itself against possible spies anc saboteurs. "A great many people have an idea this war is over," he said "This landing should dispel lhav feeling. Obviously, the German government doesn't think so. "It is important, I think, to indicate the necessity of immediate reporting to the nearest FBI office of any suspicious activities of any character noted by persons in thi: country." ' Hoover revealed the arrest o Colepaugh and Gimpel at a pres conference Monday night. Then assignment, he said, was to mingle with service men in barj and pick up bits of valuable information which they planned to transmi to the enemy. They had not ye attempted to send any informa tion, he said. Hoover declined to reveal hov. the attention of the FBI was attracted to the 2, but said both them had made a complete statement. Their activities are still under investigation, but the FBI chief said he had hastened to,announce their arrest as soon as possible. Sfazis Make Assaults on J. S. Airfields London, (ff)--Escorted Amerian heavy bombers invaded west- rn Germany before noon Tues- ay primed to meet any repeti- ion of the nazis' sudden New 'ear's day show of aerial strength. : was the llth consecutive day f heavy bomber activity. Revised tallies showed at least 21 German planes wrecked in londay's , widespread combats, vhile Berlin declared 427 allied ilanes were destroyed, most ol hem on the ground in morning woops on fighter bases behind he western front. Some 300 German planes darted n at treetop level over scattered American and British bases a few minutes after daylight Monday, jut some allied fighters already vere in the air and swirling dogfights developed. At least 188 raiders were knocked down, 105 by BAF fighters, 35 by American Mustangs, tnd 48 by British and American yround gunners. Thirty-three other German planes were reported destroyed in )ther daylight operations, 17 of them falling to American fighters. Escorting 800 big bombers raiding Coblenz and an oil plant 20 miles cast of Hannover. The bag of gunners aboard the iieavy bombers was not disclosed immediately, nor was the number of bombers lost. Allied headquarters conceded some aircraft were wrecked aground on fighter bases, but did not confirm German claims of 323 actress' studio' said; details wer lacking, but that he was informec Miss Peters was shot in the stom ach as she was preparing to re turn from; ; a duck hunt at the Gun Mesa gun club south of San Diego With Miss Peters on the hunting trip were her husband, Richarc Quine, coast guardsman and for mer actor; Quine's brother aho sister-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Torn Quine, and Tom's son. SUSAN PETERS --Accidentally Shot British and American ruined aground, 79 in air ships duels, , , and 25 by anti-aircraft fire over Germany -- a grand total of 427. Allied announcements listed 21 ATTACK SEEMS TO BE AIMED AT WULFERDiNGEN ' U. S. 3rd Army Crushes German Counter-Attack on Bastogne Corridor BULLETIN London, (U.R)--Gordon Fraser of the blue network, in a dispatch carried by the American army radio, reported Tuesday that the Germans had launched a heavy attack against American forces in the Saar valley. Fraser said the spearhead of the attack, which burst into action ' before daybreak, seemed to be aimed at \VuIferdinjen, about 13 miles southeast of Saarbruckeri. He added, however, that it was too early yet to see how serious the German threat was. BULLETIN Paris, (U.R--Supreme headquarters said Tuesday that the German attack In the Bitche area of France had gained a mile and a half and was continuing, with enemy forces now active all the way from Bitche to the Rhine. Up to Monday morning, the 3rd army drive Into the flank of the Ardennes salient, gained another couple of miles in a number of sectors and overran the towns of Ilubermont, Harlange, and Neffe in the Bastogne area. Paris, (U.PJ--The Germans were reported PULLING OUT of the western half of the Ardennes salient at top s p e e d Tuesday as American 3rd army forces crushed fighters and 2 imedium bombers ·Ibsfc-duringv th'e.i ·Aay£:.a£f;?XiXff. heavy bombers during; night assault on a fuel plant near Dortmund and railyards at Veoh- winker near Dusseldorf. "Big 3" to Meet Soon, F. R. Indicates Washington. I/P) -- President Roosevelt indicated to congressional leaders Tuesday that he plans to meet "sometime soon" with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin. Leaving a white house conference, Senate Majority Leader Barkley told reporters: "The president indicated that some time soon--without indicating the date or place--he will meet with Churchill and Stalin." House Majority.Leader -McCormack hastened to add "probably." Whether the projected meeting ol the united nations trio will be held promptly after Mr. Roosevelt's 4th term inauguration January 20 was left in the air. Bark- Icy said that was in the realm o£ pure speculation. The congressional chieftains arranged to receive Mr. Roosevelt's annual "state of the union" message next Saturday--the day the senate and house meet jointly to count the electoral ballots. The president's budget message will be delayed until next week, probably reaching congress around Tuesday. Barkley said Mr. Roosevelt would not deliver the message in person. A good deal of the time at Tuesday morning's conference, the senate leader said, was devoted to "hazing" Vice President - Elect Harry S. Truman. Senator Truman will succeed Henry A. Wai REPORT-23 FOR DECORAH .Mason City Reports Minimum of 19 Below Des Moines. f/P)-The mercury j ^ on .lanua^brWallace 'also dropped to 23 below zero at DC- | W a s Prcsc "t Tuesday^ "~" "Friendly" ManTicks corah early Tuesday to hit a new] 4tl th^ weather ^^"forSst^i ^TMV M3I1 TICKS w?d e ne r sdny f TuesdDy nisht and i Him Up From Icy Walk Decorah's minimum tied with I J U 11' 'T T the | and tscorts Him Home IOWAN OVER TOKYO Twenty-First B o m b e r mand, Saipan, (/P) -- Cpl. nson o£ Massepa ~ tail gunner on a which claims the Com- D. L, Johnson of Massena. Iowa, was Superfortress distinction of being the last bomber over Tokyo in J944. When the B-29 was 45 miles from Tokyo, Johnson said he saw explosions so powerful that a great glow was reflected in the clouds ahead. that oC St. Cloud. Minn., for coldest in the nation. The bureau said it would be cloudy, with occasional tight snow and not quite so cold, Tuesday night and Wednesday. Temperatures were not expected to drop below zero in the southern Half of the state and 10 below in the northern half Tuesday night. Iowa Falls reported 17 below during the night, Mason City had 19 and McGregor 16. The maximum reading in the state Monday was 15 above at Ames. Other low temperatures during the night--all below zero--included: Fort Dodge 15, Charles City 13, Iowa City and Spencer 12, Dubuque 10; Cedar Rapids 9, Davenport 8, Sioux City 6, Burlington and Lamoni 4, Ottumwa 3 and DCS Moines 2. Chicago, W--Friendly hands aided Darwin A. Palmer when he slipped and fell on an icy street near his home. The unidentified man not only assisted Palmer to his feet but insisted on walking him home. Later, Palmer reported to police, he discovered that the stranger who gave him a helping hand apparently had relieved him of his wallet containing 520, a cigaret lighter and case and other articles ho valued at $145. SKATING ACCIDENT FATAL Cambridge. E n g l a n d , (iP) David Theodore Fyfe, 69, prominent British architect, died Tues- a nazi counter-attack on Bastogne and' wheeled-nprthwara..'into..the . sagging ;eiierny : flank, pii a front of more ,that 15 miles^'^i *-· rx"Ms*;W v. , "A" field .dispatch t i m e " d at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning (4 a. m. EWT said all contact had been lost with the nazi armored divisions that had been holding the western tip of the salient and that the Americans w e r e advancing eastward against light rear guard resistance. United Press War Correspondent B o y d Lewis reported the German withdrawal which apparently ended for the t i m e being Field Marshal K a r l von Rund- stedt's threat to the Meuse river line. Apparently alarmed by the growing threat of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd army assault on their southern flank, the nazis were believed gathering their crack panzer units in the center oE the Ardennes in preparation for a NEW ATTEMPT to break through the American ring--perhaps north toward Liege and Antwerp or south against Patton's troops. Lewis' censored dispatch did not specify the location of the A m e r i c a n forces advancing against the nose of the German salient. The Yank counter-drive at last reports, now more than 36 hours old. had punched back some 12 miles from positions only ·1 miles cast of the Meuse to recapture Rochefort, 24 miles northwest of Bastogiic. . Coincident with t h e reported German withdrawal in the Ardennes, supreme headquarters announced a sudden flare-up of enemy activity on both sides of the focal battleground. Nazi patrols stabbed aggressively a t ' the American and British lines to the north, while considerably stronger enemy forces counter-attacked on the U. S. 7th army front along the Rhine plain in a pattern very similar to the opening stage of the Ardennes offensive. United Press War Correspondent Clinton B. Conger reported that the Germans threw in several attacks of battalion strength, some 800 to 900 men each, against the 7th army lines around Bitche Sunday night and were continuing their onslaught with increasing force early Monday. There was no further indication of the scope or intent of the new thrust, which succeeded in pushing back the 7th army lines slightly on a front of about 12 miles. Headquarters spokesmen declined to speculate whether the new assault was a diversion to weaken Patton's drive In the Ardennes or the beginning of a full- scale offensive to split the 3rd and 7th army fronts. Meanwhile, the shaef commu- nique and field dispatches from Patton's attack front--all delayed 24 to 36 hours by censorship-^said the 3rd army was grinding steadily into the southern flank of the Ardennes salient in a broadening front north, cast, and west of Bastogne. I 3 *! { ° UOWinE a s j catin g ardent Veterans of the American 9th when ice on a pond gave way. j armored division gave the nazis a

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